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Study sets matching "chapter 13 science"

12 terms
Science Chapter 13
Scientific Method
Parts of Scientific Methods
Hypothesis
Data
problem solving guide
1. Identify problem - ... 2. Gather information... 3. State hypothe…
suggested solution to a problem based upon known information
record of observation/what was observed
Scientific Method
problem solving guide
Parts of Scientific Methods
1. Identify problem - ... 2. Gather information... 3. State hypothe…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
shields
stromatolites
Gondwana
Laurasia
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient a metamorphic roc…
Oldest known fossils formed from many layers of bacteria and…
The large southern land mass that existed from the Cambrian (…
Late Paleozoic, Northern Hemisphere continent composed of the…
shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient a metamorphic roc…
stromatolites
Oldest known fossils formed from many layers of bacteria and…
14 terms
Science - Chapter 13
physical property
chemical property
density
melting point
characteristic that can be measured or detected by the senses
ability of a material to change its chemical makeup
mass per unit volume of a substance
temperature at which a substance turns from a solid to a liquid
physical property
characteristic that can be measured or detected by the senses
chemical property
ability of a material to change its chemical makeup
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 13
Substance
Mixture
Heterogeneous mixture
Homogeneous mixture
Matter that is always made up of the same combination of atoms.
Two or more substances that are physically blended but are no…
A mixture in which substances are not evenly mixed.
A mixture in which two or more substances are evenly mixed on…
Substance
Matter that is always made up of the same combination of atoms.
Mixture
Two or more substances that are physically blended but are no…
Life Science Chapter 13
muscle tissue
nervous tissue
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts m…
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
provides support for your body and connects all its parts
a body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
muscle tissue
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts m…
nervous tissue
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
8 terms
Science chapter 13
velocity
force
work
power
the speed and direction of an object's motion
push or pull that acts on an object
energy used when a force moves an object
the rate at which work is done Power = Work/time
velocity
the speed and direction of an object's motion
force
push or pull that acts on an object
15 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 13
pressure
Pressure Formula
fluid
Unit of Pressure
The force applied to an area.
Force /Area
Substance that fills its container.
Pascal
pressure
The force applied to an area.
Pressure Formula
Force /Area
18 terms
Light (Chapter 13 Science)
light
reflection
Light from the _______________gives an…
Light travels in a _________________li…
a form of energy that can travel through space
the bouncing of light off an object
sun
straight line
light
a form of energy that can travel through space
reflection
the bouncing of light off an object
21 terms
Chapter 13 Physical Science
Covalent Bonding
Ions
Valence Electrons
Noble Gases
-Atoms held together by covalent bonding are molecules... -Occur…
-Atoms that gain or lose electrons
-Electrons in outer energy level... -May be lost or gained when…
-Group 18... -Least reactive group... -Outer shell is full
Covalent Bonding
-Atoms held together by covalent bonding are molecules... -Occur…
Ions
-Atoms that gain or lose electrons
14 terms
Science Chapter 13: SOUND
vibration
amplitude
wavelength
frequency
a quick back and forth motion
how TALL a wave is (measured to find out how loud or soft a s…
the distance from a point on one wave to the same point on th…
the number of waves that pass in a second
vibration
a quick back and forth motion
amplitude
how TALL a wave is (measured to find out how loud or soft a s…
9 terms
Science Chapter 13
Intensity
Vibration
Pitch
Amplitude
A measure of how loud or soft a sound is.
A quick back-and-forth motion.
A measure of how high or low a sound is.
A measure of the amount of energy in a wave.
Intensity
A measure of how loud or soft a sound is.
Vibration
A quick back-and-forth motion.
8 terms
Chapter 13 Science Vocabulary
Static Electricity
Electric Current
Resistance
Series Circuit
the imbalance of positive or negative charges between objects
the flow of an electric charge through a material
a quality of an object which means that electric current can…
a simple circular path in which an electric current flows onl…
Static Electricity
the imbalance of positive or negative charges between objects
Electric Current
the flow of an electric charge through a material
11 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 13 vocabulary
climate
lattitude
El nino
La nina
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
the distance from the equator measured in degrees
a climate variation that takes place in the tropical Pacific…
A cooling of the ocean surface off the western coast of South…
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
lattitude
the distance from the equator measured in degrees
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
air mass
air pressure
anticyclone
atmosphere
* large body of air that has the same temperature and humidit…
* pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air to…
* high-pressure area containing cold, dry air
* envelope of gases surrounding the earth
air mass
* large body of air that has the same temperature and humidit…
air pressure
* pressure exerted on the earth by gravity pulling the air to…
12 terms
Life Science Chapter 13
gene
DNA
nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
codes for a specific hereditary trait, inside the chromosome.
material that contains the info that determines inherited cha…
nucleic acid chain, made of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitro…
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine
gene
codes for a specific hereditary trait, inside the chromosome.
DNA
material that contains the info that determines inherited cha…
10 terms
BJU Life Science Chapter 13
stomata
guard cell
transpiration
palisade layer
tiny openings on a leaf that allow gases (especially water va…
a pair of cells around the stomata to can open or close the s…
when water vapor goes out of a plant through the stomata
the tissue under the epidermis; most photosynthesis happens h…
stomata
tiny openings on a leaf that allow gases (especially water va…
guard cell
a pair of cells around the stomata to can open or close the s…
19 terms
Chapter 13 Applied Science Vocab
Digestion
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Small Intestine
The process of breaking down food into usable molecules.
The glands located in the bottom and top of the secrete water…
The muscular tube connecting the mouth and the stomach.
An organ that breaks down food and absorbs nutrients.
Digestion
The process of breaking down food into usable molecules.
Salivary Glands
The glands located in the bottom and top of the secrete water…
17 terms
Science Chapter 13
sun
rotate
axis
revolve
the star at the center of the solar system
to spin on an axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
to travel in a closed path
sun
the star at the center of the solar system
rotate
to spin on an axis
11 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 13 vocabulary
climate
lattitude
El nino
La nina
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
the distance from the equator measured in degrees
a climate variation that takes place in the tropical Pacific…
A cooling of the ocean surface off the western coast of South…
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
lattitude
the distance from the equator measured in degrees
15 terms
Science Chapter 13
static electricity
discharge
conductor
insulator
the buildup of an electrical charge on a material
the sudden movement of an electric charge from the object whe…
a material through which heat or electricity flow easily
a material through which heat or electricity does not flow ea…
static electricity
the buildup of an electrical charge on a material
discharge
the sudden movement of an electric charge from the object whe…
29 terms
Earth Science chapter 13
mamga
lava
volcanism
volcano
liquid rock underground
magma that is on eaths surface
any tectonic activity that involves magma
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
mamga
liquid rock underground
lava
magma that is on eaths surface
Life Science Chapter 13
muscle tissue
nervous tissue
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts m…
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
provides support for your body and connects all its parts
a body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
muscle tissue
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts m…
nervous tissue
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
10 terms
Science-Chapter 13
static electricity
electric current
resistance
series circuit
when positive and negative charges are not in balance
An electric charge in motion
Not allowing electric charges to easily flow through
A circuit with only one path for the electricity to follow
static electricity
when positive and negative charges are not in balance
electric current
An electric charge in motion
14 terms
Pryor Physical Science Chapter 13
charging by contact
charging by induction
circuit
conductor
process of transferring charge between objects by touching or…
process of rearranging electrons on a neutral object by bring…
closed conducting loop through which an electic current can f…
A material that allows heat and electricity to pass through it.
charging by contact
process of transferring charge between objects by touching or…
charging by induction
process of rearranging electrons on a neutral object by bring…
15 terms
Chapter 13 Science
static electricity
discharge
conductor
insulator
The buildup of an electric charge on a material
The sudden movement of an electric charge from the object whe…
A material through which heat or electricity flows easily
A material through which heat or electricity does not flow ea…
static electricity
The buildup of an electric charge on a material
discharge
The sudden movement of an electric charge from the object whe…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 13
sound
acoustic spectrum
pitch
loudness
a form of energy detectable by our ears
the continuum of all possible sound frequencies
how low or high an audible tone sounds to the human ear
the response of your ear to the intensity of an acoustic wave
sound
a form of energy detectable by our ears
acoustic spectrum
the continuum of all possible sound frequencies
9 terms
Science-Chapter 13
chemical bond
covalent bond
crystal lattice
ionic bond
an interaction that holds atoms or ions together
when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
the regular pattern in which a crystal is arranged
A bond that forms when electrons are transferred from one ato…
chemical bond
an interaction that holds atoms or ions together
covalent bond
when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
Science Chapter 13
velocity
force
work
power
describes the speed and the direction of an objects motion
is a push or pull that acts on an object
is done when a force moves an object
is the rate at which work is done
velocity
describes the speed and the direction of an objects motion
force
is a push or pull that acts on an object
22 terms
Life Science Chapter 13 Life Science Bones & Muscles
muscle tissue
organ system
digestion
kidney
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts m…
a group of organs that work together to perform a major funct…
the process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
a major organ of the excretory system that eliminates urea, e…
muscle tissue
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts m…
organ system
a group of organs that work together to perform a major funct…
14 terms
Science Chapter 13
Physical Change
Energy
Thermal Energy
Heat
a change in the way matter looks without changing it into a n…
the ability to cause change
the total energy of the particles of matter
the flow of thermal energy from a warmer area to a cooler area
Physical Change
a change in the way matter looks without changing it into a n…
Energy
the ability to cause change
23 terms
BJU Life Science Chapter 13 DRB CBCS
Root hairs are to roots as guard cells…
Which cells regulate the size of the s…
True or False? Nearly all plant cells…
True or False? Plants store energy onl…
leaves
guard cells
True
False
Root hairs are to roots as guard cells…
leaves
Which cells regulate the size of the s…
guard cells
18 terms
Science Chapter 13
Temperature
Thermal expansion
absolute zero
thermal energy
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
an increase in the size of a substance in response to an incr…
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0…
the kinetic energy of a substance's atoms
Temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
Thermal expansion
an increase in the size of a substance in response to an incr…
14 terms
Science, Chapter 13
magnetic
circuit
static electricity
generator
able to attract objects made of iron
a path that electricity follows
an electric charge that builds up in an object
a machine that uses a magnet to make a current of electricity
magnetic
able to attract objects made of iron
circuit
a path that electricity follows
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13: Volcanoes
Magma
Lava
Volcano
Hot spots
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface
A vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
Areas where a plume of magma from the mantle rises through th…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Lava
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface
22 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 13 vocabulary
net energy
petroleum
crude oil
oil sand
the amount of high-quality energy that is available to be use…
An oily, dark-colored, flammable liquid found in the earth, c…
Petroleum as it comes out of the ground and before it has bee…
Slow-flowing, viscous deposits of bitumen mixed with sand, wa…
net energy
the amount of high-quality energy that is available to be use…
petroleum
An oily, dark-colored, flammable liquid found in the earth, c…
8 terms
Chapter 13 Science Voc.
acceleration
inertia
power
force
the rate at which the velocity of an object changes over time
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
the rate at which work is done
a push or pull that acts on an object
acceleration
the rate at which the velocity of an object changes over time
inertia
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 - The Nature of Storms
Air-mass thunderstorm
mountain thunderstorm
sea-breeze thunderstorm
frontal thunderstorm
a thunderstorm that forms due to unequal heating of Earth's s…
Occurs when an air-mass rises from orographic lifting.
common in coastal areas in the summer; caused by extreme temp…
thunderstorms caused by advancing cold fronts.
Air-mass thunderstorm
a thunderstorm that forms due to unequal heating of Earth's s…
mountain thunderstorm
Occurs when an air-mass rises from orographic lifting.
22 terms
Science: Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Chemical Reaction
Precipitate
Gas Formation
Solid Formation
The process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
A sign of a chemical reaction. For example, a brown gas (nitr…
A sign of a chemical reaction. For example, when potassium ch…
Chemical Reaction
The process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
8 terms
Science Chapter 13
Veolicty
Force
Work
Power
The speed and direction of an object's motion. Can also be up…
A push or pull that acts on an object
The energy used when a force moves an object
The rate at which work is done
Veolicty
The speed and direction of an object's motion. Can also be up…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
207 terms
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 13
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
The investigation and exploration of natural events and of th…
The act of using one or more of your senses to gather informa…
A logical explanation of an observation that is drawn from pr…
A possible explanation for an observation that can be tested…
Science
The investigation and exploration of natural events and of th…
Observation
The act of using one or more of your senses to gather informa…
15 terms
Chapter 13 Science
static electricity
electric current
magnetism
series circuit
If charged particles in an object are not balanced, the objec…
A charged motion is called an
The pushing or pulling force that exists when a magnetic mate…
Current flows in only one direction in an
static electricity
If charged particles in an object are not balanced, the objec…
electric current
A charged motion is called an
18 terms
Science Chapter 13
cardiovascular system
circulate
atrium
ventricle
the system of vessels and orans that transport materials arou…
to move in a repeated cycle
the two upper chambers of the heart
one of the two lower chambers of the heart
cardiovascular system
the system of vessels and orans that transport materials arou…
circulate
to move in a repeated cycle
16 terms
chapter 13 (Science)
Genes are small sections of _____ that…
Inherited physical characteristics are…
_______ is the molecule carrying the c…
The passing of traits from parent to o…
DNA
traits
DNA
heredity
Genes are small sections of _____ that…
DNA
Inherited physical characteristics are…
traits
34 terms
Science Chapter 13
Erosion
Sediment
Deposition
Gravity
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or the r…
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
an attractive force between all objects that have mass
Erosion
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
Sediment
small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or the r…
14 terms
Science Chapter 13
when positive and negative charges no…
positively charged... repels
copper
at both poles
What causes static electricity?
Fill in the blanks:... A ____ object _____ a positively charged…
What would be a good conductor for a closed circuit?
Where is a magnetic field the strongest?
when positive and negative charges no…
What causes static electricity?
positively charged... repels
Fill in the blanks:... A ____ object _____ a positively charged…
36 terms
Science Chapter 13
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of fire
A weak spot in the crust where molten material or magma comes…
A mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water from t…
Magma that reaches the surface
Major belt of volcanoes
Volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten material or magma comes…
Magma
A mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water from t…
Physical science chapter 13 Vocabulary
work
power
mechanical advantage
simple machine
A result of a force moving an object a certain distance.
A quantity that measures the rate at which work is done or en…
the number of times a machine increases a force exerted on it
one of the six basic types of machines, which are the basis f…
work
A result of a force moving an object a certain distance.
power
A quantity that measures the rate at which work is done or en…
39 terms
Science: Chapter 13
Mixture
Solutions
Colloids
Suspension
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
A mixture where substances are distributed evenly. Has a solv…
Mixture that are neither solutions nor heterogeneous mixtures.
Mixture of water and non-dissolved materials.
Mixture
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
Solutions
A mixture where substances are distributed evenly. Has a solv…
Physical Science Chapter 13 Sound
sound
acoustic spectrum
pitch
loudness
the form of wave-transmitted energy detectable by the ear; en…
the continuum of all possible sound frequencies
the property of an audible sound determined
the response of the ear and brain to the intensity of a sound
sound
the form of wave-transmitted energy detectable by the ear; en…
acoustic spectrum
the continuum of all possible sound frequencies
22 terms
Chapter 13 Science Terms
matter
mass
Volume
weight
anything that has mass and takes up space
amount of matter in an object (changing the shape of an objec…
amount of space a piece of matter takes up
measure of the pull of gravity on a piece of matter (the only…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
amount of matter in an object (changing the shape of an objec…
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