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Study sets matching "chapter 14 government american"

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Study sets matching "chapter 14 government american"

26 terms
American Government: Chapter 14 - Terms
civil law tradition
common law tradition
precedent
criminal laws
a system in which the legal system is based on a detailed, co…
relies on judges making decisions based on their own judgment…
preserving decisions that have been made before
prohibits specific actions that the government has determined…
civil law tradition
a system in which the legal system is based on a detailed, co…
common law tradition
relies on judges making decisions based on their own judgment…
12 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Cabinet
Cabinet Secretary
Covert Operations
Executive Agreement
Offices of the executive branch developed to assist the presi…
Individual responsible to the president for the department th…
Government activities not made known to the public (Ch. 14)
A nonbinding presidential agreement made with another head of…
Cabinet
Offices of the executive branch developed to assist the presi…
Cabinet Secretary
Individual responsible to the president for the department th…
23 terms
American Government Chapter 14
oath of office
executive order
treaty
executive agreement
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
a directive, rule, or regulation from the President that has…
a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states that…
a pact between the President and the head of a foreign state…
oath of office
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
executive order
a directive, rule, or regulation from the President that has…
15 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Naturalization
Voting
Expatriation/Expatriate
Racial Discrimination
process that grants immigrants the rights and privileges of c…
its the responsibility of every US citizen to do this
when a person gives up their citizenship of their country to…
treating members of a particular race differently than other…
Naturalization
process that grants immigrants the rights and privileges of c…
Voting
its the responsibility of every US citizen to do this
16 terms
Magruder's American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
Critic's term for the strong use of presidential power in way…
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
Executive Article
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
mass media
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
23 terms
Chapter 14 American Government
Presidential Succession
Franklin Roosevelt
small states are overrepresented
Wealthy backgrounds
1. Vice President 2. Speaker of the House 3. President Pro-Te…
First President to be elected to more than two terms
Main argument against the Electoral College, that it violates…
Most Presidents have come from this
Presidential Succession
1. Vice President 2. Speaker of the House 3. President Pro-Te…
Franklin Roosevelt
First President to be elected to more than two terms
23 terms
Magruder's American Government Chapter 14
oath of office
executive order
treaty
executive agreement
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
a directive, rule, or regulation from the President that has…
a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states that…
a pact between the President and the head of a foreign state…
oath of office
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
executive order
a directive, rule, or regulation from the President that has…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
Critic's term for the strong use of presidential power in way…
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
Executive Article
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
mass media
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
imperial presidency
executive order
Ordinance Power
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
Critic's term for the strong use of presidential power in way…
a directive, rule, or regulation from the President that has…
Power of the president to issue executive orders.
Executive Article
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
imperial presidency
Critic's term for the strong use of presidential power in way…
18 terms
American Government Chapter 14
divided government
unified government
gridlock
electoral college
one party controls the White House and another party controls…
the same party controls the White House and both houses of Co…
the inability of the government to act because rival parties…
the people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidentia…
divided government
one party controls the White House and another party controls…
unified government
the same party controls the White House and both houses of Co…
15 terms
American Government Chapter 14
executive orders pg.406
ordinance power pg. 406
malfeasance pg. 409
executive privileges pg. 409
are directives, rules, or regulations that have the effect of…
arises from two sources: the Constitu- tion and acts of Congr…
wrong or illegal conduct by a public official
at times, the nation's chief executives have insisted that th…
executive orders pg.406
are directives, rules, or regulations that have the effect of…
ordinance power pg. 406
arises from two sources: the Constitu- tion and acts of Congr…
22 terms
chapter 14 American Government
bureaucracy
spoils system
administrative state
cabinet departments
units of the executive branch, organized in a hierarchical fa…
the awarding of political jobs to political supporters and fr…
a national government involved in regulation or supporting al…
fifteen major divisions of the executive branch each responsi…
bureaucracy
units of the executive branch, organized in a hierarchical fa…
spoils system
the awarding of political jobs to political supporters and fr…
18 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Covert Operations
Executive Agreement
State of the Union
Veto
These operations may possibly be known to the public
An agreement between the president and another head of the st…
This is a speech that the President of the United States must…
This is the power to reject a bill
Covert Operations
These operations may possibly be known to the public
Executive Agreement
An agreement between the president and another head of the st…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Expressed Powers
Delegated Powers
Inherent Powers of the Presidency
Unitary Executive Theory
Powers the Constitution explicitly grants to the President.
Powers that Congress passes on to the president.
Powers assumed by presidents, often during a crisis, on the b…
The idea that the Constitution puts the president in charge o…
Expressed Powers
Powers the Constitution explicitly grants to the President.
Delegated Powers
Powers that Congress passes on to the president.
30 terms
American government chapter 14
American Exceptionalism
Bush Doctrine
Containment
Continuing resoultion
The view that the United States is unique, marked by a distin…
An international strategy that aggressively pursued terrorist…
American Cold War strategy designed to stop the spread of com…
A Congress-approach act required when no national budget has…
American Exceptionalism
The view that the United States is unique, marked by a distin…
Bush Doctrine
An international strategy that aggressively pursued terrorist…
32 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Judicial review
Original jurisdiction
Constitutional courts
Legislative courts
The power of the Supreme Court to declare actions of the othe…
The authority of a court to be the first to hear a particular…
Federal courts created by congress under the authority of art…
Highly specialized federal courts created by congress under t…
Judicial review
The power of the Supreme Court to declare actions of the othe…
Original jurisdiction
The authority of a court to be the first to hear a particular…
19 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Non-state actors
Isolationism
Containment
Deterrence
A group other than a nation-state that attempts to play a rol…
The desire to avoid involvement in the affairs of other natio…
A policy designed to curtail the political and military expan…
The development and maintenance of military strength as a mea…
Non-state actors
A group other than a nation-state that attempts to play a rol…
Isolationism
The desire to avoid involvement in the affairs of other natio…
13 terms
Chapter 14 American Government
appointment power
removal power
executive priviledge
treaties
the President has the power to appoint ambassadors and top-ra…
President can remove anyone he/she has appointed
President uses this to keep certain information disclosed
formal agreements with other countries that require approval…
appointment power
the President has the power to appoint ambassadors and top-ra…
removal power
President can remove anyone he/she has appointed
15 terms
American Government Chapter 14
divided government
unified government
gridlock
electoral college
one party controls the White House and another party controls…
the same party controls the White House and both houses of Co…
the inability of the government to act because rival parties…
the people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidentia…
divided government
one party controls the White House and another party controls…
unified government
the same party controls the White House and both houses of Co…
18 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Is the media a political institution?
Whats the oldest type of political com…
What are the benefits of print journal…
Leading Newspapers...
Its not a formal institution, but it nonetheless plays a crit…
Newspapers and magazines
It allows for greater context, depth, and analysis than other…
-New York Times ... - Washington Post ... - Wall Street Journal ... -…
Is the media a political institution?
Its not a formal institution, but it nonetheless plays a crit…
Whats the oldest type of political com…
Newspapers and magazines
21 terms
American Government Chapter 14
economic policy
laissez-faire
socialism
recession
decisions a government makes that affect the production, dist…
"leave things alone"- the view, in economics, that government…
the view in economics that economic decision making should be…
a minor and relatively short period of economic decline
economic policy
decisions a government makes that affect the production, dist…
laissez-faire
"leave things alone"- the view, in economics, that government…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14 Vocab
amnesty
clemency
commutation
executive article
a blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators
mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive
the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine for a cr…
article II of the constitution. establishes the presidency an…
amnesty
a blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators
clemency
mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
term used to describe a President as an "emperor" who acts wi…
oath taken by the President on the say he takes office, pledg…
Executive Article
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
mass media
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
31 terms
American Government: Chapter 14
Ambassador
Embassy
Summit
Consul
-appointed as head of state by own country... -represent their c…
-diplomatic residences where ambassadors stay
-when Ambassadors meet face to face
-government officials who are most concerned about travel and…
Ambassador
-appointed as head of state by own country... -represent their c…
Embassy
-diplomatic residences where ambassadors stay
16 terms
Shores of Hope-American Government- Chapter 14
Executive Article
Mass media
Imperial presidency
Oath of office
Executive Article is in the Constitution; " The executive Pow…
Forms of communication; Radio, television, and the internet.
Paints a picture of the President as emperor, taking strong a…
Sworn by the President on the day he takes office.
Executive Article
Executive Article is in the Constitution; " The executive Pow…
Mass media
Forms of communication; Radio, television, and the internet.
21 terms
American Government Roots and Reform: Chapter 14 Vocab
501(c) group
527 political committee
campaign consultant
campaign manager
a nonprofit, tex-exempt interest groups that can engage in va…
a tax-exempt organization created to raise money for politica…
a private-sector professional who sells to a candidate the te…
the individual who travels with the candidate and coordinates…
501(c) group
a nonprofit, tex-exempt interest groups that can engage in va…
527 political committee
a tax-exempt organization created to raise money for politica…
30 terms
Magruder's American Government Chapter 14: The Presidency in Action
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
Critic's term for the strong use of presidential power in way…
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
Executive Article
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
mass media
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
32 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 14 - The Courts
affirm
appellate court
broad construction
case law
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
A judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Judicial interpretations of common-law principles and doctrin…
affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
appellate court
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
16 terms
Magruder's American Government Chapter 14: The Presidency in Action
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
Critic's term for the strong use of presidential power in way…
a promise the president makes on the day he takes office, ple…
Executive Article
The part of the constitution (Article II) that establishes th…
mass media
Forms of communication, such as newspapers, magazines, radio,…
17 terms
American Government Chapter 14
civil actions
criminal law
trial courts
original jurisdictin
suits arising out of conflicts between private persons/organi…
the branch of the law dealing with offenses against the publi…
courts at the lowest level of the system that possess origina…
the authority to hear a case before any other court does
civil actions
suits arising out of conflicts between private persons/organi…
criminal law
the branch of the law dealing with offenses against the publi…
20 terms
American Government & Citizenship Chapter 14, Community Issues
Policy
Public policy
Planning commission
Short term plan
A guiding course of action.
Course of action a government takes in response to an issue o…
Advisory group to a community.
A government policy being carried out over the next few years.
Policy
A guiding course of action.
Public policy
Course of action a government takes in response to an issue o…
23 terms
american government chapter 14
myth of nonpolitical courts
myth of finality
civil actions
criminal actions
the idea that courts are neutral because they are not directl…
the idea that the supreme courts decision is the final word i…
suits involving two private parties or organizations, usually…
suits dealing with offenses against public order (laws), most…
myth of nonpolitical courts
the idea that courts are neutral because they are not directl…
myth of finality
the idea that the supreme courts decision is the final word i…
13 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Foreign Policy
Primary Goals for Foreign Policy
Security
Deterrence
are programs and policies that determine America's relationsh…
-Security... -Economy... -Diplomacy... -Creation of a Better World
-During the 19th century, many Americans believed that the co…
The development and the maintenance of a military strength th…
Foreign Policy
are programs and policies that determine America's relationsh…
Primary Goals for Foreign Policy
-Security... -Economy... -Diplomacy... -Creation of a Better World
16 terms
American government Chapter 14 terms
Executive article
Mass media
Imperial presidency
Oath of office
Article 2 of constitution. Establishes presidency & gives the…
Forms of communication
Pres that acts w/o approval of congress or acts in secrecy to…
Oath taken by the pres the day he takes office. "Faithfully e…
Executive article
Article 2 of constitution. Establishes presidency & gives the…
Mass media
Forms of communication
13 terms
American Government: Chapter 14
Forgein Policy
Diplomacy
Political Realism
Moral Idealism
a nations external goals & the techniques and strategies used…
the process by which states carry on political relations with…
accept the world as it is, but only cares about their country…
wants to fix the world
Forgein Policy
a nations external goals & the techniques and strategies used…
Diplomacy
the process by which states carry on political relations with…
17 terms
American Government Chapter 14
executive article
imperial presidency
executive order
ordinance power
article ii of the constitution. establishes the presidency an…
term used to describe a President as an "emperor" who acts wi…
directive, rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive or…
power of the president to issue executive orders; originates…
executive article
article ii of the constitution. establishes the presidency an…
imperial presidency
term used to describe a President as an "emperor" who acts wi…
15 terms
American Government- Chapter 14
Justice
Hammurabi
Ur-Nammu
Precedents
conformity to God's character
the most famous law code
first known law cod e
prior authoritative rulings
Justice
conformity to God's character
Hammurabi
the most famous law code
28 terms
American Government (Wilson) Chapter 14
judicial review
strict-constructionist approach
activist approach
constitutional court
right of federal courts to declare laws of Congress & acts of…
judges should confine themselves to applying the rules that a…
judges should discover the general principles underlying the…
federal court exercising judicial powers found in Article III…
judicial review
right of federal courts to declare laws of Congress & acts of…
strict-constructionist approach
judges should confine themselves to applying the rules that a…
30 terms
Chapter 14- American Government
If you are ambitious member of the Bri…
The text suggests that a "unified gove…
The greatest source of presidential po…
An aspect of George Washington's perso…
C. Avoid displeasing the leader of your party
A. something of a myth
B. politics and public opinion
A. self-restraint
If you are ambitious member of the Bri…
C. Avoid displeasing the leader of your party
The text suggests that a "unified gove…
A. something of a myth
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
term used to describe a President as an "emperor" that acts w…
oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledg…
Executive Article
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
mass media
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
term used to describe a President as an "emperor" that acts w…
oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledg…
Executive Article
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
mass media
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
term used to describe a President as an "emperor" that acts w…
oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledg…
Executive Article
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
mass media
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
28 terms
American Government Chapter 14
pre-nomination campaign
invisible primary
presidential primary
open primary
the political season in which candidates for president begin…
the competition among candidates seeking the party nomination…
a state-wide election to select delegates who will represent…
an election that allows voters to choose on the day of the pr…
pre-nomination campaign
the political season in which candidates for president begin…
invisible primary
the competition among candidates seeking the party nomination…
32 terms
Chapter 14 American Government
Foreign Policy
Defense Policy
Isolationism
Embargo Act
Area of policy- making that encompasses how one country build…
Area of policy-making that focuses on the strategies that a c…
A national policy of avoiding participationin foreign affairs.
Legislation passed by Congress in 1807 to prevent U.S. ships…
Foreign Policy
Area of policy- making that encompasses how one country build…
Defense Policy
Area of policy-making that focuses on the strategies that a c…
16 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
mass media
imperial presidency
oath of office
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
term used to describe a President as an "emperor" that acts w…
oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledg…
Executive Article
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
mass media
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
13 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Civil Rights
Missouri Compromise
Disenfranchised
Grandfather clause
Rights that guarantee individuals freedom from discrimination…
An agreement between pro- and antislavery groups passed by Co…
To have been denied the ability to exercise a right, such as…
A type of law enacted in several southern states to allow tho…
Civil Rights
Rights that guarantee individuals freedom from discrimination…
Missouri Compromise
An agreement between pro- and antislavery groups passed by Co…
11 terms
American Government Chapter 14
Nomination Campaign
General Election Campaign
Candidate
Members of a campaign staff
Trying to get people to vote for you (trying to win primary)
Running for office (candidate)
Someone running for office
1. Volunteers... 2. Campaign manager... 3. Finance chair... 4. Pollste…
Nomination Campaign
Trying to get people to vote for you (trying to win primary)
General Election Campaign
Running for office (candidate)
American Government Chapter 14
Executive Article
Mass Media
Imperial Presidency
Oath of Office
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
Term used to describe a President as an "emperor" who acts wi…
Oath taken by the president on the day he takes office, pledg…
Executive Article
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency an…
Mass Media
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
42 terms
Government in American, Chapter 14
Bureaucracy
Hierarchical Authority
Task Specialization
Merit Principle
A hierarchical authority structure that uses task specializat…
Power flows from the top down and reasonability flows from th…
Experts instead of amateurs perform technical jobs.
The idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and pr…
Bureaucracy
A hierarchical authority structure that uses task specializat…
Hierarchical Authority
Power flows from the top down and reasonability flows from th…
18 terms
chapter 14 american government
divided government
unified government
gridlock
electoral college
one party controls the White House and another party controls…
the same party controls the White House and both houses of Co…
The inability of the government to act because rival parties…
the people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidentia…
divided government
one party controls the White House and another party controls…
unified government
the same party controls the White House and both houses of Co…
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