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Study sets matching "chapter 15 urinary system"

48 terms
Chapter 15 - Urinary System
Urinary System Anatomy
urinary system functions
how does urinary system control blood…
3 layers of kidneys
renal arteries, 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder, urethr…
excrete waste... balance water... regulate blood pressure & pH... deto…
through the releasing or reabsorption of water
renal cortex (outer), renal medulla (middle), renal pelvis
Urinary System Anatomy
renal arteries, 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder, urethr…
urinary system functions
excrete waste... balance water... regulate blood pressure & pH... deto…
75 terms
Chapter 15 - The Urinary System
Urinary System
Kidneys
renal hilum
adrenal gland
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
A medial indentation where several structures enter or exit t…
tissue located on top of the kidneys that releases adrenaline…
Urinary System
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
Kidneys
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
30 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
cortex
glomerulus
kidneys
major calyx
outer layer of the kidneys
filtering unit of each nephron: cluster of capillaries
two organs situated at the back of the abdominal cavity
calyx formed from several minor calyces
cortex
outer layer of the kidneys
glomerulus
filtering unit of each nephron: cluster of capillaries
33 terms
Chapter 15: Urinary System
Urinary System
Kidneys
Adrenal Gland
Renal Capsule
The System of the body that removes waste produces like nitro…
Located against the dorsal body wall.
A gland located on top of each kidney.
Surrounds each kidney
Urinary System
The System of the body that removes waste produces like nitro…
Kidneys
Located against the dorsal body wall.
81 terms
The Urinary System Chapter 15
Urinary System
Kidneys
renal hilum
adrenal gland
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
A medial indentation where several structures enter or exit t…
tissue located on top of the kidneys that releases adrenaline…
Urinary System
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
Kidneys
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
Chapter 15 - Urinary System
Detrusor Muscle
Erythropoietin
glomerular capusle
glomerular filtration
the smooth muscle in the wall of the urinary bladder
a hormone released by the kidneys that stimulates red blood c…
double-layered epithelial cup that surrounds the glomerulus i…
the movement of blood plasma across the filtration membrane i…
Detrusor Muscle
the smooth muscle in the wall of the urinary bladder
Erythropoietin
a hormone released by the kidneys that stimulates red blood c…
27 terms
Chapter 15 - Urinary System Vocabulary
Renal Calyces
Renal Pelvis
Renal Tubule
Medullary (Renal) Pyramid
Parts of the kidney that collect urine before it passes furth…
The broadened part (top) of the ureter into which the kidney…
Each of the long, find, convoluted tubules conveying urine fr…
Any of various pyramidal masses that are seen upon longitudin…
Renal Calyces
Parts of the kidney that collect urine before it passes furth…
Renal Pelvis
The broadened part (top) of the ureter into which the kidney…
16 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Afferent
-lysis
Efferent
Glomerulo
Conducting toward a part
Breaking down
Conducting outward
A little ball of yarn
Afferent
Conducting toward a part
-lysis
Breaking down
10 terms
Chapter 15 -Urinary System
-uresis
-uria
cyst/o
glomerul/o
suffix for urination (enuresis)
suffix for urination (dysuria)
root for urinary bladder
root for glomerulus - ball or cluster
-uresis
suffix for urination (enuresis)
-uria
suffix for urination (dysuria)
81 terms
The Urinary System Chapter 15
Urinary System
Kidneys
renal hilum
adrenal gland
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
A medial indentation where several structures enter or exit t…
tissue located on top of the kidneys that releases adrenaline…
Urinary System
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
Kidneys
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
65 terms
Chapter 15- The Urinary System
erythropoietin
antiseptic
arteriole
bowman's capsule
a hormone synthesized mainly in the kidneys and released into…
a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
the smallest branch of an artery
the cup-shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus;…
erythropoietin
a hormone synthesized mainly in the kidneys and released into…
antiseptic
a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
25 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Urinary System Functions(3)
What are the main organs of the urinar…
Renal artery
Renal vein
-Regulates water balance ... -regulates nitrogenous wastes... -reg…
Kidneys, Ureters,Urinary bladder, urethra
brings blood INTO the kidneys
brings blood FROM the kidneys
Urinary System Functions(3)
-Regulates water balance ... -regulates nitrogenous wastes... -reg…
What are the main organs of the urinar…
Kidneys, Ureters,Urinary bladder, urethra
131 terms
Chapter 15- The Urinary System
albumin/o
bacteri/o
cyst/o
vesic/o
protein
bacteria
bladder or sac
bladder or sac
albumin/o
protein
bacteri/o
bacteria
39 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
What are the functions of the urinary…
Excretion
Secretion
Elimination
Excretion... Secretion ... Elimination
Regulate fluid and electrolyte balance of the body and remove…
Production and storage of urine
Remove waste from body
What are the functions of the urinary…
Excretion... Secretion ... Elimination
Excretion
Regulate fluid and electrolyte balance of the body and remove…
81 terms
The Urinary System Chapter 15
Urinary System
Kidneys
renal hilum
adrenal gland
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
A medial indentation where several structures enter or exit t…
tissue located on top of the kidneys that releases adrenaline…
Urinary System
consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, rem…
Kidneys
two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that…
119 terms
Chapter 15- The Urinary System
albumin/o
bacteri/o
cyst/o... vesic/o
dips/o
protein
bacteria
bladder or sac
thrist
albumin/o
protein
bacteri/o
bacteria
30 terms
Chapter 15 -> The Urinary System
Aldosterone
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Calyces
Collecting Duct
Hormone that regulates sodium ion content of ECF; promotes re…
Hormone that prevents excessive water loss in urine; causes m…
Cup-shaped structures that funnel urine towards the renal pel…
Receives urine from many nephrons; run through the medullary…
Aldosterone
Hormone that regulates sodium ion content of ECF; promotes re…
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Hormone that prevents excessive water loss in urine; causes m…
69 terms
Chapter 15: the urinary system
Ureter
Renal pelvis
Major calyces
Minor calyces
Conveys urine to bladder by peristalsis
Expanded upper portion of the ureter
Subdivision of renal pelvis
Subdivision of major calyces into which renal papillae discha…
Ureter
Conveys urine to bladder by peristalsis
Renal pelvis
Expanded upper portion of the ureter
29 terms
Chapter 15: The Urinary System
Excretion
urinary system
urea
kidneys
refers to the process that removes wastes and excess material…
the organ system that transports and stores urine until it is…
main nitrogen-containing waste excreted in urine
- principle organ, cortex, medulla... -excrete metabolic wastes,…
Excretion
refers to the process that removes wastes and excess material…
urinary system
the organ system that transports and stores urine until it is…
107 terms
chapter 15 the urinary system
antiseptic
arteriole
aseptic technique
asymptomatic
a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
the smallest branch of an artery
any health care procedure in which precautions are taken to p…
without symptoms
antiseptic
a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
arteriole
the smallest branch of an artery
94 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Main function of the urinary system
What hormone controls red blood cell p…
The urinary system also plays a role i…
What does the urinary system consist of?
-to maintain the volume and composition of the body fluids wi…
Erythropoietin
Renin
Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary Bladder, Urethra
Main function of the urinary system
-to maintain the volume and composition of the body fluids wi…
What hormone controls red blood cell p…
Erythropoietin
143 terms
Chapter 15 - The Urinary System
kidneys
kidneys
Urinary System
ureters, bladder, urethra
maintain the purity and constancy of our internal fluids
bear the major responsibility for eliminating nitrogenous was…
system containing two kidneys, paired ureters, urinary bladde…
three organs that provide temporary storage reservoirs for ur…
kidneys
maintain the purity and constancy of our internal fluids
kidneys
bear the major responsibility for eliminating nitrogenous was…
31 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Erythropoietin
Renin
Kidneys
Ureters
controls red blood cell production
helps maintain normal blood pressure
produce urine
transport the urine away from kidneys to urinary bladder
Erythropoietin
controls red blood cell production
Renin
helps maintain normal blood pressure
43 terms
Chapter 15- Urinary System
What is the function of the Urinary Sy…
What are the 4 structures of the urina…
kidneys
ureters
excretion of nitrogenous wastes, excess solutes, and water fr…
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
primary organs of the urinary system and produce urine
carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
What is the function of the Urinary Sy…
excretion of nitrogenous wastes, excess solutes, and water fr…
What are the 4 structures of the urina…
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
14 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Functions urinary system
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary bladder
regulates... body water levels... nitrogenous/ other solute waste…
Produces urine... cortex- outer part... medulla- inner part
transport urine to bladder
stores urine
Functions urinary system
regulates... body water levels... nitrogenous/ other solute waste…
Kidneys
Produces urine... cortex- outer part... medulla- inner part
11 terms
Chapter 15, urinary system; Trace the flow
left and right renal arteries.
left and right renal veins.
arterioles
glomerulus
Blood flows into the kidney via the... 1.
and leaves the kidneys via the ....2.
After entering the kidney, the renal arteries branch out into…
Each of these small arteries leads to a ball-shaped collectio…
left and right renal arteries.
Blood flows into the kidney via the... 1.
left and right renal veins.
and leaves the kidneys via the ....2.
50 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Functions of urinary system
Erythropoietin
Renin
Kidneys
rids body of waste products, maintains appropriate fluid volu…
controls red blood cell production
helps maintain normal blood pressure
produce urine
Functions of urinary system
rids body of waste products, maintains appropriate fluid volu…
Erythropoietin
controls red blood cell production
58 terms
Chapter 15- Urinary System Drugs
Microzide
Zaroxolyn
Microzide (HCTZ)
Zaroxolyn (metolozone)
hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
metolazone
thiazide diuretic (hypertension, edema)
thiazide diuretic (hypertension, edema)
Microzide
hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
Zaroxolyn
metolazone
31 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Urinary system contributes to...
Excretion
Digestive system's role in excretion
Respiratory system's role in excretion
homeostasis
processes that remove wastes and excess materials from the body
Excretes food residues and wastes produced by the liver
Excretes carbon dioxide (lungs)
Urinary system contributes to...
homeostasis
Excretion
processes that remove wastes and excess materials from the body
48 terms
CHAPTER 15 (URINARY SYSTEM)-VOCABULARY
antiseptic:
arteriole:
aseptic technique:
asymptomatic:
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
The smallest branch of an artery.
Any health care procedure in which prevent contamination of a…
Without symptoms.
antiseptic:
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
arteriole:
The smallest branch of an artery.
47 terms
Chapter 15 - Urinary System
Functions of the Urinary System
What are the 4 organs of the Urinary S…
***Main characteristics of the kidneys
What are the 3 coverings of the kidneys?
1) Elimination of waste products:... -Nitrogenous wastes... -Toxins…
The kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra.
-Right kidney is slightly lower than the left due to the posi…
-Fibrous capsule (surrounds each kidney)... -Perirenal fat capsu…
Functions of the Urinary System
1) Elimination of waste products:... -Nitrogenous wastes... -Toxins…
What are the 4 organs of the Urinary S…
The kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra.
21 terms
Urinary system Chapter 15
ureter
urinary bladder
urethra
micturition
muscular tube, lined with mucus membrane that run from the ki…
hallow muscular sac located in the pelvic cavity that serves…
mucus membrane lined tube that leads from the bladder to the…
peeing
ureter
muscular tube, lined with mucus membrane that run from the ki…
urinary bladder
hallow muscular sac located in the pelvic cavity that serves…
75 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Sp. Gr
T
UA
UTI
Specific gravity
thoracic
urinalysis
urinary tract infection
Sp. Gr
Specific gravity
T
thoracic
72 terms
Chapter 15- Urinary System
Urine functions
Urinary Functions
Organs of the Urinary System
Kidneys
filters blood... elimination of waste products like nitrogenous…
regulation aspects of homeostasis like... water balance, electro…
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
contain renal hilum and an adrenal gland which sits atop each…
Urine functions
filters blood... elimination of waste products like nitrogenous…
Urinary Functions
regulation aspects of homeostasis like... water balance, electro…
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Afferent
-lysis
Efferent
Glomerulo
Conducting toward a part
Breaking down
Conducting outward
A little ball of yarn
Afferent
Conducting toward a part
-lysis
Breaking down
51 terms
Chapter 15 : Urinary System
antiseptic
arteriole
aseptic technique
asymptomatic
a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
smallest branch of the artery
any health care procedure in which precautions are taken to p…
without symptoms
antiseptic
a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
arteriole
smallest branch of the artery
50 terms
Chapter 15 (Urinary System)
Antiseptic
Arteriole
Bowman's capsule
Cortex
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
The smallest branch of an artery
The cup shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus;…
The outer layer of a body organ or structure
Antiseptic
A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction…
Arteriole
The smallest branch of an artery
59 terms
Chapter 15-Urinary System Disorders
Cations
Anions
Intracellular ions
Extracellular ions
Positively charged ions
Negatively charged ions
Potassium, magnesium, phosphate
sodium, calcium, chloride
Cations
Positively charged ions
Anions
Negatively charged ions
27 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary bladder
Urethra
produce urine
transport the urine away from kidneys to urinary bladder
stores urine until it is excreted from the body
tubular structure that carries urine from urinary bladder to…
Kidneys
produce urine
Ureters
transport the urine away from kidneys to urinary bladder
50 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Functions of urinary system
Erythropoietin
Renin
Kidneys
rids body of waste products, maintains appropriate fluid volu…
controls red blood cell production
helps maintain normal blood pressure
produce urine
Functions of urinary system
rids body of waste products, maintains appropriate fluid volu…
Erythropoietin
controls red blood cell production
50 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Functions of urinary system
Erythropoietin
Renin
Kidneys
rids body of waste products, maintains appropriate fluid volu…
controls red blood cell production
helps maintain normal blood pressure
produce urine
Functions of urinary system
rids body of waste products, maintains appropriate fluid volu…
Erythropoietin
controls red blood cell production
79 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
The kidney excretes _______ wastes
The kidney is a major homeostatic orga…
Urine is continuously formed by the __…
The Urine is conducted to the body ext…
Nitrogenous
Water, Acid-Base
Kidneys... Ureters... Peristalsis... Urinary Bladder
Urethra
The kidney excretes _______ wastes
Nitrogenous
The kidney is a major homeostatic orga…
Water, Acid-Base
54 terms
Urinary System (chapter 15)
kidney
kidney location
Proximal convoluted (coiled) tubule
peristalsis
Reddish-brown bean-shaped organs located on either side of th…
lie retroperitoneal the peritoneal membrane, resting between…
first portion of the renal tubule.
how urine is propelled through the ureters... wavelike.
kidney
Reddish-brown bean-shaped organs located on either side of th…
kidney location
lie retroperitoneal the peritoneal membrane, resting between…
24 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Urinary System
Renel Cortex
Renel Medulla
Apex
paired ureters and the single urinary bladder and urethra pro…
outer region, light colored
deep to the cortex is a darker reddish-brown area.
points toward the inner region of the kidney.
Urinary System
paired ureters and the single urinary bladder and urethra pro…
Renel Cortex
outer region, light colored
34 terms
Chapter 15 urinary system
urinary system
kidneys
renal capsule
renal cortex
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body.
Filter blood from the renal arteries and produce urine as waste
covers the kidney
Outer layer of kidney
urinary system
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body.
kidneys
Filter blood from the renal arteries and produce urine as waste
117 terms
Chapter 15 : Urinary System
albumin/o
bacteri/o
cyst/o... vesic/o
dips/o
protein
bacteria
bladder or sac
thirst
albumin/o
protein
bacteri/o
bacteria
23 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
collecting system
Columns of Berlin
Gerota's Fascia
Infundibulum
Consists of the infundibulum and renal pelvis, which receive…
bonds of cortical tissue separating the medullary pyramids fr…
Surrounds the kidney and perirenal fat. Anchors the kidneys a…
portion of the renal sinus that contains the minor and major…
collecting system
Consists of the infundibulum and renal pelvis, which receive…
Columns of Berlin
bonds of cortical tissue separating the medullary pyramids fr…
22 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary Bladder
Urethra
Filters Blood... Produces Urine
Transport urine from kidneys to bladder... Peristaltic contracti…
Stores Urine
Transports urine from urinary bladder to outside the body... For…
Kidneys
Filters Blood... Produces Urine
Ureters
Transport urine from kidneys to bladder... Peristaltic contracti…
18 terms
Chapter 15 Urinary System
the urinary system
Excretory
Kidneys
Excretory Organs/system
comprised of 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, and 1 urethra... K…
biological system that removes excess, unnecessary, or danger…
are the bodies main purification system and are the main excr…
kidneys, digestive, integument, liver, and lungs
the urinary system
comprised of 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, and 1 urethra... K…
Excretory
biological system that removes excess, unnecessary, or danger…
51 terms
Chapter 15 urinary system
filtrate contains almost everything th…
the kidneys
retroperitoneal
bicarbonate buffer system
In contrasting urine and filtrate by the time it reaches the…
The most potent of all mechanisms and substances that the bod…
Which one of the following terms describes the location of th…
The chemical buffer system that includes carbonic acid and it…
filtrate contains almost everything th…
In contrasting urine and filtrate by the time it reaches the…
the kidneys
The most potent of all mechanisms and substances that the bod…
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