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Study sets matching "chapter 18 global climate"

14 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Albedo
Climate
Climate sensitivity
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
The response of climate to greenhouse gas concentrations, usu…
Adaptation
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
Albedo
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
17 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Albedo
Climate
Climate sensitivity
Proxy Indicators
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
The response of climate to greenhouse gas concentrations, usu…
Measureable records, like tree rings, ice cores, and marine s…
Albedo
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
Climate
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
28 terms
Chapter 18 Global Climate Change
climate
global climate change
global warming
greenhouse gas
the pattern of atmospheric conditions found across large geog…
an array of changes in the Earth's climate, such as temperatu…
an increase in Earth's average surface temperature
a substance (with at least 3 atoms) such as carbon dioxide, m…
climate
the pattern of atmospheric conditions found across large geog…
global climate change
an array of changes in the Earth's climate, such as temperatu…
55 terms
Chapter 18 Global climate change
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
Climate changes:
Earth system:
• Approximate 300 year period (1000 to 1300), Earth was consi…
• Famous Viking explorer Eric the Red's voyage near the end o…
Contributing to the complex evolutionary history of the Earth…
Interactions between the atmosphere, the oceans, solid Earth,…
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
• Approximate 300 year period (1000 to 1300), Earth was consi…
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
• Famous Viking explorer Eric the Red's voyage near the end o…
18 terms
Chapter 18 Global Climate Change
Climate Factors
3 Major Factors Influence Earth's Clim…
Major Naturally Occuring Greenhouse Ga…
Sources & Effects
Area long term atmospheric conditions. Ex: temperature, moist…
Sun, Atmosphere, Ocean
Water vapor, CO2, ozone, methane, N2O (Nitrous Oxide)
Human activities have increased the above mentioned gases.... Re…
Climate Factors
Area long term atmospheric conditions. Ex: temperature, moist…
3 Major Factors Influence Earth's Clim…
Sun, Atmosphere, Ocean
33 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
climate
weather
global climate change
global warming
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions, includi…
specifies conditions at localized sites over hours or days
any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
an increase in Earth's average suface temperature. The term i…
climate
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions, includi…
weather
specifies conditions at localized sites over hours or days
24 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Climate
Global climate change
Global warming
Greenhouse gases
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions across b…
encompasses an array of changes in aspects of Earth's climate…
refers specifically to an increase in Earth's average surface…
atmospheric gases having three or more atoms in their molecul…
Climate
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions across b…
Global climate change
encompasses an array of changes in aspects of Earth's climate…
25 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Aerosols
Carbon Capture
Carbon Footprint
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
Technologies or approaches that remove carbon dioxide from po…
The cumulative amount of carbon, or carbon dioxide equivalent…
Adaptation
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Aerosols
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
25 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Aerosols
Carbon Capture
Carbon Footprint
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
Technologies or approaches that remove carbon dioxide from po…
The cumulative amount of carbon, or carbon dioxide equivalent…
Adaptation
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Aerosols
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
14 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Albedo
Climate
Climate sensitivity
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
The response of climate to greenhouse gas concentrations, usu…
Adaptation
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
Albedo
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Greenhouse gases
Greenhouse effect
Global warming
Global climate change
A gas that absorbs infrared radiation released by Earth's sur…
The warming of Earth's surface and atmosphere (especially the…
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature. The term…
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
Greenhouse gases
A gas that absorbs infrared radiation released by Earth's sur…
Greenhouse effect
The warming of Earth's surface and atmosphere (especially the…
20 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
aerosols
cap and trade
carbon capture
carbon footprint
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
A permit trading system in which government determines an acc…
Technologies or approaches that remove carbon dioxide from po…
The cumulative amount of carbon, or carbon dioxide, that a pe…
aerosols
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
cap and trade
A permit trading system in which government determines an acc…
20 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Global Climate Change
Greenhouse Gases
Environmental Externalities
Common Property Resources
The changes in global climate, including temperature, precipi…
gases such as carbon dioxide and methane whose atmospheric co…
externalities that affect the environment, such as the impact…
a resource that is not subject to private ownership and is av…
Global Climate Change
The changes in global climate, including temperature, precipi…
Greenhouse Gases
gases such as carbon dioxide and methane whose atmospheric co…
182 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
How could rising seas due to global cl…
What have residents in the lowest-lyin…
Are smaller nations the cause of clima…
Do smaller nations suffer from the con…
- submerge them... - erode beaches... - cause flooding... - damage cor…
evacuated
no
yes
How could rising seas due to global cl…
- submerge them... - erode beaches... - cause flooding... - damage cor…
What have residents in the lowest-lyin…
evacuated
16 terms
Chapter 18 - Global Climate Change
What is the case study?
What is climate?
What is global climate change?
What is global warming?
Rising seas may flood the Maldives
Long-term atmospheric conditions
Describes trends and variations in Earth's climate
An increase in Earth's average temperature
What is the case study?
Rising seas may flood the Maldives
What is climate?
Long-term atmospheric conditions
66 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
What is the impact of seal level rise…
Climate
Global climate change
Global warming
-Rising seas due to global climate change could submerge them…
− an area's long-term atmospheric conditions
describes trends and variations in Earth's climate
an increase in Earth's average temperature
What is the impact of seal level rise…
-Rising seas due to global climate change could submerge them…
Climate
− an area's long-term atmospheric conditions
19 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Layers of the Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere
- Site and source of weather... - Primary recipient of air pollu…
- Contains ozone shield... - Pollutants that enter stay for a lo…
- Very small quantities of gas are found
Layers of the Atmosphere
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere
Troposphere
- Site and source of weather... - Primary recipient of air pollu…
58 terms
Chapter 18- Global Climate Change
public transportation
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Cha…
nitrous oxide
carbon emissions
The use of ____________ is one option for decreasing the use…
The _____________ is an international panel that reports on h…
by-product of feedlots, chemical manufacturing, and fertilize…
Hydrogen fuel cells, biodiesel, and long-range electric batte…
public transportation
The use of ____________ is one option for decreasing the use…
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Cha…
The _____________ is an international panel that reports on h…
49 terms
Chapter 18 - Global Climate Change
climate
global climate change
global warming
three factors that influence climate
temp, precip, wind, humidity, barometric pressure, solar radi…
array of changes is aspects of earths climate (ie. temp, prec…
increase in earths average surface temp
sun, atmosphere, oceans
climate
temp, precip, wind, humidity, barometric pressure, solar radi…
global climate change
array of changes is aspects of earths climate (ie. temp, prec…
33 terms
Ch 18 APES Global Climate Change
Global Climate Change
Global warming
Infrared radiation
Greenhouse gases
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
longer wavelength than visible light.
Ozone (O3), CO2, Nitrous Oxide (N2O) methane (CH4), CFCs,
Global Climate Change
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
Global warming
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
19 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
troposphere
tropopause
stratosphere
mesosphere and thermosphere
contains the gases within the lowest layer of the atmosphere…
sits above the troposphere and is the boundary region where a…
a layer above the tropopause in which temperature increases w…
the two layers above the stratosphere where the Ozone concent…
troposphere
contains the gases within the lowest layer of the atmosphere…
tropopause
sits above the troposphere and is the boundary region where a…
23 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Warmer oceans create humid air, leadin…
False; They have increased.
Atmosphere
1. It's the lowest level of the Earth'…
What is the link between hurricanes and global warming?
T/F: The number of category four and five hurricanes has decr…
What is a collection of gases held by gravity around the Earth?
List five facts about the Troposphere.
Warmer oceans create humid air, leadin…
What is the link between hurricanes and global warming?
False; They have increased.
T/F: The number of category four and five hurricanes has decr…
10 terms
Chapter 18- Global Climate Change
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Climate
What are the three main greenhouse gas…
lowest layer. Contains practically all the water vapor and cl…
Temp increases with altitude. Temp increases because Stratosp…
Average temperature and precipitation expected throughout a t…
-Water vapor, CO2 and methane (20 X CO2)... -We don't worry muc…
Troposphere
lowest layer. Contains practically all the water vapor and cl…
Stratosphere
Temp increases with altitude. Temp increases because Stratosp…
49 terms
ES -Chapter 18:Global Climate Change
Climate
Global climate change
Changes Predicted
Global Warming
Describes an area's long term atmospheric conditions, includi…
Modifications in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperat…
1) Temperatures will rise 3.2 to 7.2 oF in next 100 years... 2)…
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature
Climate
Describes an area's long term atmospheric conditions, includi…
Global climate change
Modifications in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperat…
23 terms
Global Climate Change Vocab: Chapter 18
Adaptation
Aerosols
Carbon capture and sequestration
Carbon footprint
taking actions to manage risks from climate changed and lesse…
microscopic droplets and particles that either have a warming…
capturing CO2 from point sources (factories) and transporting…
the amount of greenhouse gases a group or individual produces…
Adaptation
taking actions to manage risks from climate changed and lesse…
Aerosols
microscopic droplets and particles that either have a warming…
36 terms
Chapter 18 Global Climate Change APES
climate
global climate change
global warming
greenhouse gas
the pattern of atmospheric conditions found across large geog…
an array of changes in the Earth's climate, such as temperatu…
an increase in Earth's average surface temperature
a substance (with at least 3 atoms) such as carbon dioxide, m…
climate
the pattern of atmospheric conditions found across large geog…
global climate change
an array of changes in the Earth's climate, such as temperatu…
12 terms
Chapter 18 REVIEW: Global Climate Change
Describe Earth's climate system and ex…
Greenhouse gasses
Milankovitch cycles
Greenhouse effect
-earths climate changes naturally over time, but it is now ch…
-carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, nitrous oxide, ozone,…
-solar output, ocean absorption, and ocean circulation.
After absorbing radiation emitted from the surface, greenhous…
Describe Earth's climate system and ex…
-earths climate changes naturally over time, but it is now ch…
Greenhouse gasses
-carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, nitrous oxide, ozone,…
33 terms
Ch 18 APES Global Climate Change
Global Climate Change
Global warming
Infrared radiation
Greenhouse gases
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
longer wavelength than visible light.
Ozone (O3), CO2, Nitrous Oxide (N2O) methane (CH4), CFCs,
Global Climate Change
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
Global warming
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
25 terms
Climate and Climate Change- Chapter 18
Climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
a small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
the area near the equator between 23.5 north latitude and 23.…
extends from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 to 90 south
Climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
a small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
21 terms
Environmental Science: The Science Behind the Stories Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
albedo
Carbon footprint
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Climate
the capacity to reflect light
measure of the impact human activities have on the environmen…
A colorless, odorless gas that's formed during the complete c…
The average weather conditions (e.g.: temperature, precipitat…
albedo
the capacity to reflect light
Carbon footprint
measure of the impact human activities have on the environmen…
23 terms
Chapter 18 APES Global Climate Change P6
Climate
Global Climate Change
Global Warming
greenhouse gases
an area's long-term atmospheric conditions (temperature, mois…
trends in Earth's climate (temperature, precipitation, storm…
increases in Earth's average surface temperature
atmospheric gases having 3+ atoms in their molecules and tend…
Climate
an area's long-term atmospheric conditions (temperature, mois…
Global Climate Change
trends in Earth's climate (temperature, precipitation, storm…
21 terms
Ecosystems: ch, 20, Ecosystem Ecology, pp. 437-443; chapter 18, Global Climate Change, pp. 394-399
Ecosystems characteristics
Biotic components
autotrophs
producers (autotrophs)
-Cyclical flow of materials from abiotic environment through…
levels of the food chain which include:... producers, herbivores…
Require only inorganic nutrients and an outside energy source…
bottom of the food chain ... Ex. Plants and Phytoplankton
Ecosystems characteristics
-Cyclical flow of materials from abiotic environment through…
Biotic components
levels of the food chain which include:... producers, herbivores…
23 terms
Chapter 18: Climate Change
Adaptation
Mitigation
Albedo
Carbon offset
accept climate change is happening and pursue strategies to m…
pursue actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in order…
the fraction of solar radiation that is reflected off the sur…
a voluntary payment to another entity intended to enable that…
Adaptation
accept climate change is happening and pursue strategies to m…
Mitigation
pursue actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in order…
14 terms
Ch 18: Global Climate Change
Global Climate Change
Greenhouse Gases
Aerosols
Radioactive Forcing
Recent and ongoing rise in global average temperature near Ea…
Any of the gases whose absorption of solar radiation is respo…
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid dro…
The measurement of the capacity of a gas or other forcing age…
Global Climate Change
Recent and ongoing rise in global average temperature near Ea…
Greenhouse Gases
Any of the gases whose absorption of solar radiation is respo…
14 terms
Chapter 18 Climate Vocabulary
latitudes
climate
tropics
polar zone
distance in degrees north or south of the equator
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time…
climate zone that receives the most solar radiation, is locat…
climate zones that receive solar radiation at a low angle, ex…
latitudes
distance in degrees north or south of the equator
climate
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
64 terms
Chapter 18 Global Climate Change Page 483-515
Maldives
Nation Carbon-Neutral
Mohamed Waheed
Mohamed Nasheed
some tourist attraction island that could soon be submerged
A nation that has no net carbon output
"Climate change threatens the very existence of our country"
"If we can't save the Maldives today, we can't save London, N…
Maldives
some tourist attraction island that could soon be submerged
Nation Carbon-Neutral
A nation that has no net carbon output
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
21 terms
Ecosystems: ch, 20, Ecosystem Ecology, pp. 437-443; chapter 18, Global Climate Change, pp. 394-399
Ecosystems characteristics
Biotic components
autotrophs
producers (autotrophs)
-Cyclical flow of materials from abiotic environment through…
levels of the food chain which include:... producers, herbivores…
Require only inorganic nutrients and an outside energy source…
bottom of the food chain ... Ex. Plants and Phytoplankton
Ecosystems characteristics
-Cyclical flow of materials from abiotic environment through…
Biotic components
levels of the food chain which include:... producers, herbivores…
41 terms
Science Chapter 18: Climate and Climate change
Climate
Microclimate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
near the equator- Warm climate zone that receives direct or n…
area near both poles- cold climate zone where the sun's rays…
Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Microclimate
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
35 terms
Global 10 Chapter 18
ancien regime
estate
bourgeois
deficit spending
older order
social classes, clergy, nobility and the rest
middle class
government spends more than it takes in
ancien regime
older order
estate
social classes, clergy, nobility and the rest
33 terms
Global Chapter 18
Ancient regime
Estate
Bourgeoisie
Deficit spending
...
...
...
...
Ancient regime
...
Estate
...
20 terms
Science: Chapter 18: Climate
adaptation
climate
deforestation
El Nino
the process of adapting to something (such as environmental c…
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time
destruction and cutting down of forests
climatic event that begins in the tropical Pacific Ocean, can…
adaptation
the process of adapting to something (such as environmental c…
climate
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time
19 terms
Global Chapter 18 Review
Bourgeoisie
Abdicate
Bastille
Estate
The middle class
To step down from a position
Prison used for political prisioners
Social classes that society were broken up into
Bourgeoisie
The middle class
Abdicate
To step down from a position
25 terms
Chapter 18 Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Microclimate
Tropical Zone
Marine Climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipita…
The climate in a small area that differs from the climate aro…
near the equator, between 23.5 degrees North and 23.5 degrees…
the climate of some coastal regions, with relatively warm win…
Climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipita…
Microclimate
The climate in a small area that differs from the climate aro…
25 terms
chapter 18 climate and climate change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, year-after-year condition of ttemperature,precip…
climate condition within a small area that differ from those…
warm climate zone that receives direct or nearly direct sunli…
The areas near both poles,from about 66.5 to 90 north and 66.…
climate
The average, year-after-year condition of ttemperature,precip…
microclimate
climate condition within a small area that differ from those…
54 terms
Chapter 18 Climate
climate
climate region
microclimate
Tropical zone
the average, year-ater-year conditions of temperature, precip…
a large area that has similar climate conditions
a small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
the area near the equator, between 23.5 degrees N and 23.5 de…
climate
the average, year-ater-year conditions of temperature, precip…
climate region
a large area that has similar climate conditions
25 terms
Chapter 18 Climate
climate
microclimate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
The average year after year conditions of temperature, precip…
A small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
Area near the equator between about 23.5 degrees north latitu…
Extended from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees north and 66.5…
climate
The average year after year conditions of temperature, precip…
microclimate
A small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
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