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Study sets matching "chapter 18 vocabulary earth science"

24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
latent heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
9 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocab
condensation nuclei
adiabatic temperature change
dew point
fog
tiny bits of particulate matter that serve as surfaces on whi…
when air is allowed to expand, it cools.... when it is compresse…
the temperature to which air has to be cooled in order to rea…
a cloud with its base at or very near the ground
condensation nuclei
tiny bits of particulate matter that serve as surfaces on whi…
adiabatic temperature change
when air is allowed to expand, it cools.... when it is compresse…
9 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18
volcanism
hot spots
flood basalts
fissures
all processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot flu…
unusually hot regions of Earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
form when lava flows out of long cracks in the Earth's crust
long cracks in the Earth's crust
volcanism
all processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot flu…
hot spots
unusually hot regions of Earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
42 terms
VFBA Earth Science Chapter 18
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
The zone of the earth's atmosphere above the homosphere consi…
The lowest temperature layer of earth's atmosphere; weather l…
atmosphere
envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
homosphere
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18: Earth's Atmosphere
atmosphere
Nitrogen and Oxygen
Daniel Rutherford
homosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
two most abundant gases that make up the atmosphere
isolated nitrogen
uniform mixture of gases in the atmosphere
atmosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
Nitrogen and Oxygen
two most abundant gases that make up the atmosphere
16 terms
Earth Science chapter 18
Viscosity
Plutons
Batholiths
Stocks
The viscosity of magma and of it's counterpart lava,depends o…
Can be exposed at earth's surface as a result of uplift and e…
These irregular shaped masses of coarse-grained igneos rocks…
Irregularly shaped plutons that are similar to batholiths but…
Viscosity
The viscosity of magma and of it's counterpart lava,depends o…
Plutons
Can be exposed at earth's surface as a result of uplift and e…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
converting a liquid to a gas
change of state from a gas to a liquid
Precipitation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
Latent Heat
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
15 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18- Volcanoes
hot spots
vent
crater
caldera
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
opening on the surface at the end of the conduit
bowl-shaped depression around the vent at the top of a volcano
formed when the top of a volcano collapses after an eruption
hot spots
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
vent
opening on the surface at the end of the conduit
16 terms
Chapter 18 Earth science Vocabulary
Volcanism
Hot spot
Vent
Crater
volcanic activity
a small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in c…
the spot in the Earth's crust where gases, molten rock, lava…
caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses i…
Volcanism
volcanic activity
Hot spot
a small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in c…
22 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 18
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaportation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Latent Heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
20 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 18
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds any astronomical body; t…
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
The zone of the earth's atmosphere above the homosphere consi…
The lowest temperature layer of earth's atmosphere extending…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds any astronomical body; t…
homosphere
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
23 terms
chapter 18 earth and science
burning fossil fuels produces____,whic…
_____ energy comes from the nuclei of…
An Energy source that is used up much…
nuclear power plants and geothermal po…
carbon dioxide(chemical energy)
nuclear
renewable
Nuclear fission(occurs when a nucleus splits) to produce elec…
burning fossil fuels produces____,whic…
carbon dioxide(chemical energy)
_____ energy comes from the nuclei of…
nuclear
11 terms
Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
Viscosity
Pluton
Vent
Crater
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
Opening in Earth's crust through which lava erupts and flows…
Bowl-shaped, depression, usually less than 1 km in diameter,…
Viscosity
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Pluton
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
37 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18
caldera
cinder cones
composite volcano
conduit
large volcanic crater, up to 50km in diameter; form after the…
form when eruptions eject small pieces of magma into the air…
formed of layers of hardened chunks of lava from violent erup…
tube-like structure through which lava reaches the surface
caldera
large volcanic crater, up to 50km in diameter; form after the…
cinder cones
form when eruptions eject small pieces of magma into the air…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
latent heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
a tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder cone
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
24 terms
Chapter 18 Vocab - Earth Science
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy stored or released in a change of state.
The process of turning a liquid into a gas state through heat…
The process of turning a gas into a liquid state through cool…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Latent Heat
The energy stored or released in a change of state.
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
caldera
cinder cone
composite volcano
conduit
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
a tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface
caldera
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
cinder cone
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
Earth Science Chapter 18
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid into a gas.
the change of state from a gas to a liquid.
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Latent Heat
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
star
nebula
protostar
binary stars
ball of gases that gives off light and heat
cloud of gas and dust in space
dense material in the center of nebula that is about to becom…
two stars that revolve around each other
star
ball of gases that gives off light and heat
nebula
cloud of gas and dust in space
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocab
Adiabatic Cooling
Cirrus Clouds
Condensation Nuclei
Convection Currents
a process in which the temperature of an air mass becomes low…
high altitude clouds that resemble curls of hair; made up pri…
airborne dust or salt particles around which water vapor cond…
upward movement of an air mass, resulting from surface heatin…
Adiabatic Cooling
a process in which the temperature of an air mass becomes low…
Cirrus Clouds
high altitude clouds that resemble curls of hair; made up pri…
22 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 18
Precipitation
Evaportation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
The conversion of a solid directly to a gas without passing t…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Evaportation
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
59 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science
What is precipitation?
what is the most important gas in the…
what is latent heat?
What is evaporation?
Precipitation is any form of water that falls from a cloud
water vapor
it is the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
the process of changing a liquid into a gas
What is precipitation?
Precipitation is any form of water that falls from a cloud
what is the most important gas in the…
water vapor
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
Envelope of gas surrounding an object in space
The region of the atmosphere below about 85 km where the comp…
The region of the atmosphere above about 85 km where the comp…
0-17 km above Earth's surface, site of weather, organisms, co…
atmosphere
Envelope of gas surrounding an object in space
homosphere
The region of the atmosphere below about 85 km where the comp…
chapter 18 earth science
volcanism
hot spot
vent
crater
the phenomena connected with volcanoes and volcanic activity.
a country or region where dangerous or difficult political si…
an opening at the earth's surface from which volcanic materia…
Also called impact crater, meteorite crater. (on the surface…
volcanism
the phenomena connected with volcanoes and volcanic activity.
hot spot
a country or region where dangerous or difficult political si…
41 terms
Earth Science chapter 18
air pressure
mercury barometer
aneroid barometer
barograph
pressure exerted by the weight of air above.
An instrument that measures changes in air pressure, consisti…
An instrument that measures changes in air pressure without u…
provides a continuous record of pressure changes with the pas…
air pressure
pressure exerted by the weight of air above.
mercury barometer
An instrument that measures changes in air pressure, consisti…
19 terms
Earth Science chapter 18 vocabulary
Volcanism
Hot spot
Flood Basalts
Fissures
Processes associated with discharge of Magma,hot fluid, and g…
Unusually hot regions of earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
Formed when Lava flows out of long cracks in earth's crust
Cracks in earth's crust that spill Lava
Volcanism
Processes associated with discharge of Magma,hot fluid, and g…
Hot spot
Unusually hot regions of earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
20 terms
chapter 18 earth science vocabulary
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds any astronomical body; i…
The zone on a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
The zone of the earth's atmosphere above the homosphere consi…
The lowest temperature layer of Earth's atmosphere extending…
atmosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds any astronomical body; i…
homosphere
The zone on a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
32 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Archean eon
angular unconformity
Cenozoic era
conformable
The first eon of Precambrian time. The eon preceding the Prot…
An unconformity in which the older strata dip at an angle in…
A time span on the geologic time scale beginning about 65.5 m…
rock layers that were deposited without interruption
Archean eon
The first eon of Precambrian time. The eon preceding the Prot…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which the older strata dip at an angle in…
22 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Precipitation
Evaporation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
A conversion of a solid directly to a gas without passing thr…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
Evaporation
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
Generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
A tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder Cone
Steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
20 terms
Earth Science chapter 18 vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Steep sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
Generally cone shaped with concave slopes built by violent er…
A tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder Cone
Steep sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
24 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Bergeron Process
Cirrus
Collision-Coalescence Process
Condensation
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
formation of precipitation, where tiny droplets accumulate, f…
Change in state from a gas to a liquid
Bergeron Process
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
Cirrus
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spot
flood basalt
fissure
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures
An opening; a groove; a split
volcanism
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
hot spot
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
40 terms
Earth Science chapter 18 test
water vapor
b. heat
d. evaporation
c. deposition
Which is gas is most important for understanding the process…
During a change in state energy is transferred in the form of…
When a liquid absorbs energy and changes to a gas, what takes…
The formation of frost on a cold windowpane is an example of…
water vapor
Which is gas is most important for understanding the process…
b. heat
During a change in state energy is transferred in the form of…
27 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 18-20
ionosphere
nitrogen
precipitation
meteorology
a special layer of the atmosphere that helps with shortwave r…
the most abundant gas in the atmosphere
any water falling from the sky
the study of the atmosphere
ionosphere
a special layer of the atmosphere that helps with shortwave r…
nitrogen
the most abundant gas in the atmosphere
24 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Bergeron Process
Cirrus
Collision-Coalescence Process
Condensation
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
formation of precipitation, where tiny droplets accumulate, f…
Change in state from a gas to a liquid
Bergeron Process
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
Cirrus
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
20 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spot
flood basalt
fissure
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures.
are long cracks in Earth.
volcanism
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
hot spot
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
24 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Bergeron Process
Cirrus
Collision-Coalescence Process
Condensation
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
formation of precipitation, where tiny droplets accumulate, f…
Change in state from a gas to a liquid
Bergeron Process
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
Cirrus
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spot
flood basalt
fissure
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures.
are long cracks in Earth.
volcanism
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
hot spot
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Volcanism
Hot Spot
Flood Basalt
Fissure
Describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
Hot regions of earths mantle where high-temperature plumes of…
Huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures.
When lava flows out of long cracks in earths crust.
Volcanism
Describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
Hot Spot
Hot regions of earths mantle where high-temperature plumes of…
11 terms
Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
Viscosity
Pluton
Vent
Crater
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
Opening in Earth's crust through which lava erupts and flows…
Bowl-shaped, depression, usually less than 1 km in diameter,…
Viscosity
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Pluton
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
19 terms
Glencoe Science Earth Science Chapter 18 Volcanic Activity
viscosity
shield volcano
cinder-cone volcano
composite vocano
a substance's internal resistance to flow
broad volcano with gently sloping sides built by non explosiv…
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
large, sloping volcano built by violent eruptions of volcanic…
viscosity
a substance's internal resistance to flow
shield volcano
broad volcano with gently sloping sides built by non explosiv…
16 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Precipitation
Evaporation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
A conversion of a solid directly to a gas without passing thr…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
Evaporation
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
8 terms
Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
astronomy
year
month
day
the study of the universe
the time required for the Earth to orbit the once around the…
a division of the year that is based on the orbit of the moon…
the time required for Earth to rotate once around it's axis
astronomy
the study of the universe
year
the time required for the Earth to orbit the once around the…
51 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
The most important gas in atmospheric…
Opposite change of state for condensat…
freezing
deposition
water vapor
evaporation
melting
sublimation
The most important gas in atmospheric…
water vapor
Opposite change of state for condensat…
evaporation
20 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18- Volcanoes
volcanism
hot spots
conduit
vent
all the processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot…
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
tube-like structure that lava travels through to reach the su…
opening on the surface at the end of the conduit
volcanism
all the processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot…
hot spots
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
caldera
cinder cone
composite volcano
conduit
large depressions, craters up to 50km
forms when tephra falls back to the surface and piles up arou…
formed from layers of hardened chunks of lava from violent er…
tube-like structure through which lava travels to the surface
caldera
large depressions, craters up to 50km
cinder cone
forms when tephra falls back to the surface and piles up arou…
19 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Precipitation
Evaporation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls form a cloud
The process of changing a liquid to a gas
The change from water vapor to a liquid
The conversion of a solid directly to a gas
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls form a cloud
Evaporation
The process of changing a liquid to a gas
41 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
abrasion
alluvial fan
Antecedent stream
Base level
erosive action that occurs when suspended and saltating sedim…
cone shaped accumulation of sediment deposited where a stream…
stream existed before present topography and so maintained or…
elevation at which a stream ends by entering a large standing…
abrasion
erosive action that occurs when suspended and saltating sedim…
alluvial fan
cone shaped accumulation of sediment deposited where a stream…
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