Study sets matching "chapter 18 vocabulary earth science"

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Study sets matching "chapter 18 vocabulary earth science"

24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
latent heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Very large crater resulting from the collapse of its walls or…
Small volcanic bombs about the size of a golf ball.
Volcano made mostly of cinders and other rock particles that…
Volcano built up of alternating layers of rock particles and…
Caldera
Very large crater resulting from the collapse of its walls or…
Cinder
Small volcanic bombs about the size of a golf ball.
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18: Earth's Atmosphere
atmosphere
Nitrogen and Oxygen
Daniel Rutherford
homosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
two most abundant gases that make up the atmosphere
isolated nitrogen
uniform mixture of gases in the atmosphere
atmosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
Nitrogen and Oxygen
two most abundant gases that make up the atmosphere
9 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18
volcanism
hot spots
flood basalts
fissures
all processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot flu…
unusually hot regions of Earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
form when lava flows out of long cracks in the Earth's crust
long cracks in the Earth's crust
volcanism
all processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot flu…
hot spots
unusually hot regions of Earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
42 terms
VFBA Earth Science Chapter 18
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
The zone of the earth's atmosphere above the homosphere consi…
The lowest temperature layer of earth's atmosphere; weather l…
atmosphere
envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
homosphere
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
converting a liquid to a gas
change of state from a gas to a liquid
Precipitation
any form of water that falls from a cloud
Latent Heat
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
16 terms
Chapter 18 Earth science Vocabulary
Volcanism
Hot spot
Vent
Crater
volcanic activity
a small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in c…
the spot in the Earth's crust where gases, molten rock, lava…
caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses i…
Volcanism
volcanic activity
Hot spot
a small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in c…
9 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocab
condensation nuclei
adiabatic temperature change
dew point
fog
tiny bits of particulate matter that serve as surfaces on whi…
when air is allowed to expand, it cools.... when it is compresse…
the temperature to which air has to be cooled in order to rea…
a cloud with its base at or very near the ground
condensation nuclei
tiny bits of particulate matter that serve as surfaces on whi…
adiabatic temperature change
when air is allowed to expand, it cools.... when it is compresse…
16 terms
Earth Science chapter 18
Viscosity
Plutons
Batholiths
Stocks
The viscosity of magma and of it's counterpart lava,depends o…
Can be exposed at earth's surface as a result of uplift and e…
These irregular shaped masses of coarse-grained igneos rocks…
Irregularly shaped plutons that are similar to batholiths but…
Viscosity
The viscosity of magma and of it's counterpart lava,depends o…
Plutons
Can be exposed at earth's surface as a result of uplift and e…
11 terms
Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
Viscosity
Pluton
Vent
Crater
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
Opening in Earth's crust through which lava erupts and flows…
Bowl-shaped, depression, usually less than 1 km in diameter,…
Viscosity
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Pluton
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
22 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 18
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaportation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Latent Heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
20 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 18
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds any astronomical body; t…
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
The zone of the earth's atmosphere above the homosphere consi…
The lowest temperature layer of earth's atmosphere extending…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds any astronomical body; t…
homosphere
The zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
a tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder cone
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
37 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18
caldera
cinder cones
composite volcano
conduit
large volcanic crater, up to 50km in diameter; form after the…
form when eruptions eject small pieces of magma into the air…
formed of layers of hardened chunks of lava from violent erup…
tube-like structure through which lava reaches the surface
caldera
large volcanic crater, up to 50km in diameter; form after the…
cinder cones
form when eruptions eject small pieces of magma into the air…
Glencoe Earth Science Chapter 18-19 Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spots
flood basalts
fissures
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
unusually hot regions of Earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
form when lava flows out of long cracks in Earth's crust
the long cracks formed by flood basalts
volcanism
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
hot spots
unusually hot regions of Earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
precipitation
latent heat
evaporation
condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
latent heat
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
23 terms
chapter 18 earth and science
burning fossil fuels produces____,whic…
_____ energy comes from the nuclei of…
An Energy source that is used up much…
nuclear power plants and geothermal po…
carbon dioxide(chemical energy)
nuclear
renewable
Nuclear fission(occurs when a nucleus splits) to produce elec…
burning fossil fuels produces____,whic…
carbon dioxide(chemical energy)
_____ energy comes from the nuclei of…
nuclear
24 terms
Chapter 18 Vocab - Earth Science
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The energy stored or released in a change of state.
The process of turning a liquid into a gas state through heat…
The process of turning a gas into a liquid state through cool…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Latent Heat
The energy stored or released in a change of state.
18 terms
earth science vocabulary chapter 18
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
in general, refers to the envelope of gases that surrounds an…
the zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
the zone of the earth's atmosphere above the homosphere consi…
the lowest temperature layer of earth's atmosphere extending…
atmosphere
in general, refers to the envelope of gases that surrounds an…
homosphere
the zone of a uniform mixture of gases closest to the earth's…
22 terms
Earth Science-Chapter 18
Precipitation
Evaportation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
The change of state from a gas to a liquid.
The conversion of a solid directly to a gas without passing t…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Evaportation
The process of converting a liquid to a gas.
Earth Science chapter 18 vocabulary
Volcanism
Hot spot
Flood Basalts
Fissures
Processes associated with discharge of Magma,hot fluid, and g…
Unusually hot regions of earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
Formed when Lava flows out of long cracks in earth's crust
Cracks in earth's crust that spill Lava
Volcanism
Processes associated with discharge of Magma,hot fluid, and g…
Hot spot
Unusually hot regions of earth's mantle where high-temperatur…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
atmosphere
homosphere
heterosphere
troposphere
Envelope of gas surrounding an object in space
The region of the atmosphere below about 85 km where the comp…
The region of the atmosphere above about 85 km where the comp…
0-17 km above Earth's surface, site of weather, organisms, co…
atmosphere
Envelope of gas surrounding an object in space
homosphere
The region of the atmosphere below about 85 km where the comp…
24 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Bergeron Process
Cirrus
Collision-Coalescence Process
Condensation
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
formation of precipitation, where tiny droplets accumulate, f…
Change in state from a gas to a liquid
Bergeron Process
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
Cirrus
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Archean eon
angular unconformity
Cenozoic era
conformable
The first eon of Precambrian time. The eon preceding the Prot…
An unconformity in which the older strata dip at an angle in…
A time span on the geologic time scale beginning about 65.5 m…
rock layers that were deposited without interruption
Archean eon
The first eon of Precambrian time. The eon preceding the Prot…
angular unconformity
An unconformity in which the older strata dip at an angle in…
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spot
flood basalt
fissure
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures.
are long cracks in Earth.
volcanism
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
hot spot
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Precipitation
Evaporation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
A conversion of a solid directly to a gas without passing thr…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
Evaporation
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
20 terms
Earth Science chapter 18 vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Steep sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
Generally cone shaped with concave slopes built by violent er…
A tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder Cone
Steep sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spot
flood basalt
fissure
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures
An opening; a groove; a split
volcanism
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
hot spot
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Volcanism
Hot Spot
Flood Basalt
Fissure
Describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
Hot regions of earths mantle where high-temperature plumes of…
Huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures.
When lava flows out of long cracks in earths crust.
Volcanism
Describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
Hot Spot
Hot regions of earths mantle where high-temperature plumes of…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Caldera
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
Generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
A tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
Large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder Cone
Steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
20 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spot
flood basalt
fissure
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures.
are long cracks in Earth.
volcanism
describes all the processes associ- ated with the discharge o…
hot spot
unusually hot area in Earth's mantle where high-temperature p…
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Bergeron Process
Cirrus
Collision-Coalescence Process
Condensation
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
formation of precipitation, where tiny droplets accumulate, f…
Change in state from a gas to a liquid
Bergeron Process
As long as upper portion of clouds are cold enough to produce…
Cirrus
a wispy white cloud (usually of fine ice crystals) at a high…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocab
Adiabatic Cooling
Cirrus Clouds
Condensation Nuclei
Convection Currents
a process in which the temperature of an air mass becomes low…
high altitude clouds that resemble curls of hair; made up pri…
airborne dust or salt particles around which water vapor cond…
upward movement of an air mass, resulting from surface heatin…
Adiabatic Cooling
a process in which the temperature of an air mass becomes low…
Cirrus Clouds
high altitude clouds that resemble curls of hair; made up pri…
chapter 18 earth science
volcanism
hot spot
vent
crater
the phenomena connected with volcanoes and volcanic activity.
a country or region where dangerous or difficult political si…
an opening at the earth's surface from which volcanic materia…
Also called impact crater, meteorite crater. (on the surface…
volcanism
the phenomena connected with volcanoes and volcanic activity.
hot spot
a country or region where dangerous or difficult political si…
Earth Science chapter 18
air pressure
mercury barometer
aneroid barometer
barograph
pressure exerted by the weight of air above.
An instrument that measures changes in air pressure, consisti…
An instrument that measures changes in air pressure without u…
provides a continuous record of pressure changes with the pas…
air pressure
pressure exerted by the weight of air above.
mercury barometer
An instrument that measures changes in air pressure, consisti…
Earth Science Chapter 18
Precipitation
Latent Heat
Evaporation
Condensation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
The process of converting a liquid into a gas.
the change of state from a gas to a liquid.
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud.
Latent Heat
the energy absorbed or released during a change in state.
51 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
The most important gas in atmospheric…
Opposite change of state for condensat…
freezing
deposition
water vapor
evaporation
melting
sublimation
The most important gas in atmospheric…
water vapor
Opposite change of state for condensat…
evaporation
27 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 18-20
ionosphere
nitrogen
precipitation
meteorology
a special layer of the atmosphere that helps with shortwave r…
the most abundant gas in the atmosphere
any water falling from the sky
the study of the atmosphere
ionosphere
a special layer of the atmosphere that helps with shortwave r…
nitrogen
the most abundant gas in the atmosphere
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
caldera
cinder cone
composite volcano
conduit
large depressions, craters up to 50km
forms when tephra falls back to the surface and piles up arou…
formed from layers of hardened chunks of lava from violent er…
tube-like structure through which lava travels to the surface
caldera
large depressions, craters up to 50km
cinder cone
forms when tephra falls back to the surface and piles up arou…
Earth Science chapter 18 test
water vapor
b. heat
d. evaporation
c. deposition
Which is gas is most important for understanding the process…
During a change in state energy is transferred in the form of…
When a liquid absorbs energy and changes to a gas, what takes…
The formation of frost on a cold windowpane is an example of…
water vapor
Which is gas is most important for understanding the process…
b. heat
During a change in state energy is transferred in the form of…
59 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science
What is precipitation?
what is the most important gas in the…
what is latent heat?
What is evaporation?
Precipitation is any form of water that falls from a cloud
water vapor
it is the energy absorbed or released during a change in state
the process of changing a liquid into a gas
What is precipitation?
Precipitation is any form of water that falls from a cloud
what is the most important gas in the…
water vapor
11 terms
Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
Viscosity
Pluton
Vent
Crater
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
Opening in Earth's crust through which lava erupts and flows…
Bowl-shaped, depression, usually less than 1 km in diameter,…
Viscosity
A substance's internal resistance to flow
Pluton
Intrusive igneous rock bodies, including batholiths, stocks,…
16 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Precipitation
Evaporation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
A conversion of a solid directly to a gas without passing thr…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
Evaporation
The process of converting a liquid to a gas
19 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary
Precipitation
Evaporation
Condensation
Sublimation
Any form of water that falls form a cloud
The process of changing a liquid to a gas
The change from water vapor to a liquid
The conversion of a solid directly to a gas
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls form a cloud
Evaporation
The process of changing a liquid to a gas
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18
volcanism
hot spot
vent
crater
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
unusually hot area in earths mantle where high-temperature pl…
opening in earths crust through which lava erupts and flows o…
bowl-shaped depression that forms around the central vent at…
volcanism
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
hot spot
unusually hot area in earths mantle where high-temperature pl…
20 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science
Caldera
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Conduit
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
generally cone-shaped with concave slopes; built by violent e…
a tubelike structure that allows lava to reach the surface.
Caldera
large crater, up to 50 km in diameter, that can form when the…
Cinder Cone
steep-sided, generally small volcano that is built by the acc…
Earth Science-Chapter 18
Saltation
Deflation
Desert Pavement
Deflation Hollow
The movement of sand or other sediments by short jumps and bo…
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
wind removes small particles and ... leaves closely packed small…
A shallow depression that forms as wind strips off topsoil
Saltation
The movement of sand or other sediments by short jumps and bo…
Deflation
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are…
13 terms
Chapter 18 Earth Science Vocabulary Terms ;)
altitude
astronomy
constellation
day
the angle between an object in the sky and the horizon
the study of the universe
a region in the sky that contains a recognizable star pattern…
the time required for earth to rotate once on its axis
altitude
the angle between an object in the sky and the horizon
astronomy
the study of the universe
Earth Science Chapter 18
glaciers
snow line
firn (neve)
continental glacier
"rivers of ice", solid ice that moves extremely slowly along…
the lowest elevation at which the layer of permanent snow occ…
compressed snow that recrystallizes into rough, granular ice…
large ice sheets that cover relatively flat ground.
glaciers
"rivers of ice", solid ice that moves extremely slowly along…
snow line
the lowest elevation at which the layer of permanent snow occ…
20 terms
Mcgraw-hill Earth Science Chapter 18 Vocabulary
volcanism
hot spot
flood basalt
fissure
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
huge amounts of lava that erupt from fissures
An opening; a groove; a split
volcanism
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
hot spot
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
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