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Study sets matching "chapter 19 anatomy physiology"

352 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
blood, heart, blood vessels
hematology
connective - it has blood cells in a p…
transportation... regulation... protection
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system
branch of science concerned with the study of blood
what kind of tissue is blood?
what are the three general functions of blood
blood, heart, blood vessels
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system
hematology
branch of science concerned with the study of blood
84 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 19
Functions of Blood
What is plasma?
What is plasma composed of?
How much of the blood is plasma?
Transport of gases, nutrients and waste products... Transport o…
Liquid Part of blood
Colloid, water (91%); ions, nutrients, waste products, gases,…
55%
Functions of Blood
Transport of gases, nutrients and waste products... Transport o…
What is plasma?
Liquid Part of blood
352 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
blood, heart, blood vessels
hematology
connective - it has blood cells in a p…
transportation... regulation... protection
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system
branch of science concerned with the study of blood
what kind of tissue is blood?
what are the three general functions of blood
blood, heart, blood vessels
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system
hematology
branch of science concerned with the study of blood
84 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 19
Functions of Blood
What is plasma?
What is plasma composed of?
How much of the blood is plasma?
Transport of gases, nutrients and waste products... Transport o…
Liquid Part of blood
Colloid, water (91%); ions, nutrients, waste products, gases,…
55%
Functions of Blood
Transport of gases, nutrients and waste products... Transport o…
What is plasma?
Liquid Part of blood
148 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19
circulatory system
cardiovascular system
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
= heart+ blood vessels+ blood
= heart + blood vessels
right side of the heart... heart~blood to lungs~gas exchange~bac…
left side of the heart... heart~oxygenated blood to all the tiss…
circulatory system
= heart+ blood vessels+ blood
cardiovascular system
= heart + blood vessels
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
What are the functions of blood?
What is the blood volume of adults?
Why do males have a higher hematocrit?
What are the three types of formed ele…
Transporting... Regulating pH and ion composition of interstitia…
Men- 5-6 L... Women- 4-5 L
Androgens stimulate RBC production whereas estrogens do not
RBCs, WBCs, and platelets
What are the functions of blood?
Transporting... Regulating pH and ion composition of interstitia…
What is the blood volume of adults?
Men- 5-6 L... Women- 4-5 L
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
functions of blood
examples of gases, nutrients, and wast…
normal pH of most body tissues
maintenance of body temperature
1. transport of gases, nutrients, and waste products... 2. regul…
oxygen, vitamin D, and CO2
7.35 to 7.45
warm blood shunted to the interior of the body
functions of blood
1. transport of gases, nutrients, and waste products... 2. regul…
examples of gases, nutrients, and wast…
oxygen, vitamin D, and CO2
135 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II Chapter 19
cardiovascular system
circulatory system
systemic circuit
pulmonary circuit
heart and blood vessels
heart, blood vessels, and the blood
left side of the heart, fully oxygenated blood arrives from l…
right side of heart, lesser oxygenated or deoxygenated blood…
cardiovascular system
heart and blood vessels
circulatory system
heart, blood vessels, and the blood
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
What are the functions of blood?
What is the blood volume of adults?
Why do males have a higher hematocrit?
What are the three types of formed ele…
Transporting... Regulating pH and ion composition of interstitia…
Men- 5-6 L... Women- 4-5 L
Androgens stimulate RBC production whereas estrogens do not
RBCs, WBCs, and platelets
What are the functions of blood?
Transporting... Regulating pH and ion composition of interstitia…
What is the blood volume of adults?
Men- 5-6 L... Women- 4-5 L
26 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 Vocabulary Terms
gene
genome
genetics
inheritance
The unit of heredity; encode for specific polypeptides, and e…
The complete set of DNA in the chromosomes of a particular or…
The study of genes and their transmission from one generation…
Characteristics or traits that are transmitted from parents t…
gene
The unit of heredity; encode for specific polypeptides, and e…
genome
The complete set of DNA in the chromosomes of a particular or…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 19
Blood volume
Blood plasma
Cells (formed elements)
Erythrocytes
8 percent of body mass, 5L of blood in adult male
55 percent of blood; 90 percent water; plasma proteins, nutri…
45 percent of blood; red blood cells, white blood cells, plat…
Binconcave disc, 7 microns diameter, no organelles or nucleus…
Blood volume
8 percent of body mass, 5L of blood in adult male
Blood plasma
55 percent of blood; 90 percent water; plasma proteins, nutri…
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 19
Reproductive System
Meioisis
Ova
Spermatozoa
Body system that works to ensure the survival of the SPECIES…
Cell division that produces basic reproductive cells (ova and…
Female reproductive cell.
Male reproductive cell.
Reproductive System
Body system that works to ensure the survival of the SPECIES…
Meioisis
Cell division that produces basic reproductive cells (ova and…
84 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Chapter 19)
Respiration
Ventilation
External Respiration
Internal Respiration
Process of exchanging gases
Movement of air in and out of lungs
Exchange of gases between the lungs and blood
Exchange of gases between the blood and body cells
Respiration
Process of exchanging gases
Ventilation
Movement of air in and out of lungs
150 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 19
5.25L
Mediastinum
Between the lungs
Pericardium
The heart is a muscle that pump _ of fluid per minute.
Where is the heart located?
Where is the mediastinum?
What separates the heart from other structures?
5.25L
The heart is a muscle that pump _ of fluid per minute.
Mediastinum
Where is the heart located?
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 (f)
Materials Blood Transports
Functions of Blood
Blood Collection Sites
Hematocrit
Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Nutrients, Hormones, Immune System Co…
Transportation of Dissolved Substances, Regulation of pH and…
Superficial veins
The percentage of formed elements in a sample of blood
Materials Blood Transports
Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Nutrients, Hormones, Immune System Co…
Functions of Blood
Transportation of Dissolved Substances, Regulation of pH and…
85 terms
URINARY SYSTEM -CHAPTER 19 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
URINARY SYSTEM
Nephron
Glomerulus
Bowman's capsules
also known as the renal system, consists of the kidneys, uret…
each of the functional units in the kidney, consisting of a g…
A ball of capillaries surrounded by Bowman's capsule in the n…
The top of the nephron
URINARY SYSTEM
also known as the renal system, consists of the kidneys, uret…
Nephron
each of the functional units in the kidney, consisting of a g…
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 (c)
Blood
Interstitial fluid
PH of blood
Hepato
A liquid connective tissue that consists of cells surrounded…
Fluid that bathes body cells and is constantly renewed by the…
7.35-7.45
Liver
Blood
A liquid connective tissue that consists of cells surrounded…
Interstitial fluid
Fluid that bathes body cells and is constantly renewed by the…
149 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
Supplies Oxygen to the cells and Remov…
Ventilation
External Respiration
Internal Respiration
What are the functions of the Respiratory System?
What is the movement of air in and out of the lungs?
What is the exchange of gases between the air and the blood c…
What is the exchange of gases between blood and cells?
Supplies Oxygen to the cells and Remov…
What are the functions of the Respiratory System?
Ventilation
What is the movement of air in and out of the lungs?
352 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
what are the three parts of the cardio…
branch of science concerned with the s…
what kind of tissue is blood?
what are the three general functions o…
blood, heart, blood vessels
hematology
connective - it has blood cells in a plasma extracellular mat…
transportation... regulation... protection
what are the three parts of the cardio…
blood, heart, blood vessels
branch of science concerned with the s…
hematology
56 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 (d)
Blood
Functions of Blood
What does blood transport?
What's in blood?
Fluid connective tissue with cells
1. Transport... 2. Regulation of pH and ions in interstitial flu…
1. Gases (O2 + CO2)... 2. Nutrients... 3. Waste... 4. Hormones
Plasma (55%) and Formed Elements (45%)
Blood
Fluid connective tissue with cells
Functions of Blood
1. Transport... 2. Regulation of pH and ions in interstitial flu…
46 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
46-63, plasma, 31-54
4-5
5-6
7, albumins, globumins, fribinogens, r…
Blood is made of ___ % fluid called ___ and ____% formed elem…
Women have about __liters of blood in their bodies.
Men have about ___liters of blood in their bodies.
Blood plasma is made of __% proteins including __, __, ___, a…
46-63, plasma, 31-54
Blood is made of ___ % fluid called ___ and ____% formed elem…
4-5
Women have about __liters of blood in their bodies.
63 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 (e)
What is blood composed of?
What are the components of plasma?
Albumin Role 1
Albumin Role 2
plasma and formed elements
albumin, globulins, and fibrinogen
regulates the movement of water between the tissues and the b…
maintains blood colloid osmotic pressure
What is blood composed of?
plasma and formed elements
What are the components of plasma?
albumin, globulins, and fibrinogen
100 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 19
cilia
23
erectile
undifferentiated
Hair-like structures along the uterine tubes that move an egg
Number of chromosomes in a gamete
Tissue that engorges with blood during arousal in both genders
Type A cells that have undergone mitosis are ______.
cilia
Hair-like structures along the uterine tubes that move an egg
23
Number of chromosomes in a gamete
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 (h)
Blood vessels are sometimes compared t…
What do you blood vessels do in the bo…
there are three major types of blood v…
arteries carry blood__________ from th…
Because blood vessels are dynamic structures that can pulsate…
they form a closed delivery system that begins and ends with…
arteries, capillaries, and veins
away, branch, diverge, fork
Blood vessels are sometimes compared t…
Because blood vessels are dynamic structures that can pulsate…
What do you blood vessels do in the bo…
they form a closed delivery system that begins and ends with…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 19 (Blood)
Blood
Functions of Blood
What does blood transport?
What's in blood?
Fluid connective tissue with cells
1. Transport... 2. Regulation of pH and ions in interstitial flu…
1. Gases (O2 + CO2)... 2. Nutrients... 3. Waste... 4. Hormones
Plasma (55%) and Formed Elements (45%)
Blood
Fluid connective tissue with cells
Functions of Blood
1. Transport... 2. Regulation of pH and ions in interstitial flu…
70 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 (a)
Which hormone stimulates proliferation…
approxiamently how many hemoglobin mol…
Ferritin is a protein used to
Whats the major function of RBCS
Erythropoietin
280 million
store iron in the liver
gas transport
Which hormone stimulates proliferation…
Erythropoietin
approxiamently how many hemoglobin mol…
280 million
49 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 (b)
The three functions of blood are...?
What does blood help regulate?
Blood
What are the two components of blood?
Transportation, regulation, and protection
pH, body temperature, and water content of cells
A liquid connective tissue that consists of cells surrounded…
Blood plasma and formed elements.
The three functions of blood are...?
Transportation, regulation, and protection
What does blood help regulate?
pH, body temperature, and water content of cells
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19.1
Cardiovascular System
What is the general function of the ca…
PErfusion
In what unit is perfusion typically ex…
Accomplishes circulation of blood and is composed of the hear…
Transport blood throughout the blood to allow the exchange of…
The delivery of blood per unit of time per gram of tissue
Milliters per minute per gram
Cardiovascular System
Accomplishes circulation of blood and is composed of the hear…
What is the general function of the ca…
Transport blood throughout the blood to allow the exchange of…
138 terms
Chapter 19 Anatomy and Physiology
transport blood, exchange of substance…
perfusion
adequate perfusion
arteries
What are the general functions of the cardiovascular system?
the delivery of blood per unit time per gram of tissue
involves delivering sufficient blood to maintain the health o…
carry blood away from the heart
transport blood, exchange of substance…
What are the general functions of the cardiovascular system?
perfusion
the delivery of blood per unit time per gram of tissue
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic Circuit
Cardiac Circuit
Base
from the right side of heart to the lung capillaries and back…
from the left side of heart to the body capillaries and back…
from proximal aortic arch to coronary vessels to supply the h…
Fist size with a wide superior end
Pulmonary circuit
from the right side of heart to the lung capillaries and back…
Systemic Circuit
from the left side of heart to the body capillaries and back…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 19
blood vessels
blood vessels
arteries
capillaries
delivery system of dynamic structures that begins and ends at…
work with the lymphatic system to circulate fluids
-carry blood away from the heart... -blood: oxygenated except fo…
-direct contact with tissue cells... -directly serve cellular ne…
blood vessels
delivery system of dynamic structures that begins and ends at…
blood vessels
work with the lymphatic system to circulate fluids
48 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 19
arteries
veins
lumen
endothelium
Blood vessels that conduct blood away from the heart and into…
Blood vessels that return blood toward the heart from the cir…
Cavity inside a blood vessel
Single layer of simple squamous cells that line the walls of…
arteries
Blood vessels that conduct blood away from the heart and into…
veins
Blood vessels that return blood toward the heart from the cir…
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 19
Arteries
capillaries
veins
lymph vessels
Carry blood away from the heart. Elastic recoil helps push bl…
allow exchange of materials between blood and interstitial fl…
Carry blood towards the heart. Store blood. Promote diapedesi…
Control edema. House lymphocytes. B and T cells that kill oth…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart. Elastic recoil helps push bl…
capillaries
allow exchange of materials between blood and interstitial fl…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19: Blood
plasma
whole blood
hematocrit
plasma proteins
-matrix that holds blood cells together... -makes up about 46-53…
combination of plasma and formed elements
percentage of blood occupied by cellular elements ... -46% in ma…
albumins, globulins, fibrinogens.... -synthesized and released b…
plasma
-matrix that holds blood cells together... -makes up about 46-53…
whole blood
combination of plasma and formed elements
18 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 19
arterial puncture
leukemia
hemophilia
leukocytosis
Radial artery puncture is a medical procedure performed to ob…
A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body's abili…
A disorder in which blood doesn't clot normally.
A high level of white blood cells in the blood
arterial puncture
Radial artery puncture is a medical procedure performed to ob…
leukemia
A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body's abili…
70 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 19
Pulmonary Circuit
Systematic Circuit
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
right side of heart receives oxygen poor blood, sends to pulm…
left side of heart pumps blood into aorta, distributes to bod…
drains upper body
drains below diaphragm
Pulmonary Circuit
right side of heart receives oxygen poor blood, sends to pulm…
Systematic Circuit
left side of heart pumps blood into aorta, distributes to bod…
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
Blood Vessels
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
-Delivery system of dynamic structures that begins and ends a…
carry blood away from heart; oxygenated except for pulmonary…
direct contact with tissue cells; directly serve cellular needs
carry blood toward heart; deoxygenated except for pulmonary c…
Blood Vessels
-Delivery system of dynamic structures that begins and ends a…
Arteries
carry blood away from heart; oxygenated except for pulmonary…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
Functions of Blood
Plasma
Protiens in the Plasma
Fractionation
1. Transportation of dissolved substances... 2. Transportation o…
50-60% of blood volume is plasma, 90% of plasma is water. The…
Albumins... Globulins... fibrinogen
separating whole blood into parts>Plasma and Erythrocytes
Functions of Blood
1. Transportation of dissolved substances... 2. Transportation o…
Plasma
50-60% of blood volume is plasma, 90% of plasma is water. The…
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 19
1) Which of the following is not one o…
2) Which of the following chemicals do…
3) Which statement best describes arte…
4) Which tunic of an artery contains e…
: C
: D
: B
: A
1) Which of the following is not one o…
: C
2) Which of the following chemicals do…
: D
39 terms
anatomy and physiology 2 chapter 19
pericardium
fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
pericardial cavity
-membrane surrounding the heart... -confines while still allowin…
dense irregular connective tissue
-not open to outside... -parietal and visceral layer
-space between parietal and visceral layer... -filled with serou…
pericardium
-membrane surrounding the heart... -confines while still allowin…
fibrous pericardium
dense irregular connective tissue
Chapter 19 Anatomy and Physiology
cardiovascular system
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
pericardium
consists of the heart and the blood vessels
carries blood to the lungs for gas exchange and returns it to…
supplies blood to every organ of the body, including other pa…
double walled sac that encloses the heart
cardiovascular system
consists of the heart and the blood vessels
pulmonary circuit
carries blood to the lungs for gas exchange and returns it to…
61 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19 - The Heart
Cardiology
Function of cardiovascular system
Pefusion
Arteries
Study of the heart
Circulates blood throughout the body
Delivery of blood per minute per gram of tissue (sufficent bl…
Blood vessels which carry blood AWAY from the heart
Cardiology
Study of the heart
Function of cardiovascular system
Circulates blood throughout the body
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19
What are the potential consequences of…
What generalization can e made about a…
What path does blood follow through th…
Why must ventricular output be balanced?
a failing cardiovascular system will result in tissues that a…
All arteries carry blood away from the heart. all veins carry…
blood returning from the systematic circuit enters the right…
sustained pumping of unequal amounts of blood from the ventri…
What are the potential consequences of…
a failing cardiovascular system will result in tissues that a…
What generalization can e made about a…
All arteries carry blood away from the heart. all veins carry…
50 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
The cardiovascular system consists of…
what does blood transfer?
5 Important functions of blood
plasma
A pump (the heart)... A conducting system (blood vessels)... A flui…
Transports materials to and from cells... ~ Oxygen and carbon d…
1. Transportation of dissolved substances... 2. Regulation of pH…
Fluid consisting of water, dissolved plasma proteins and othe…
The cardiovascular system consists of…
A pump (the heart)... A conducting system (blood vessels)... A flui…
what does blood transfer?
Transports materials to and from cells... ~ Oxygen and carbon d…
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 19: BLOOD
How does blood contribute to homeostas…
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
HEMATOLOGY
BLOOD
* Transporting Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Nutrients, & Hormones…
Consists of three components: Blood, the heart & blood vessels
The branch of science concerned with the study of blood, bloo…
Connective tissue composed of liquid extracellular matrix cal…
How does blood contribute to homeostas…
* Transporting Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Nutrients, & Hormones…
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
Consists of three components: Blood, the heart & blood vessels
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 19
Withdrawing Blood
Venipuncture
Finger-stick
Arterial Stick
samples can be obtained several ways
withdraw blood from vein
a drop pr two of blood is removed from a finger, earlobe, hee…
can also be used to withdraw blood. The sample is usually tak…
Withdrawing Blood
samples can be obtained several ways
Venipuncture
withdraw blood from vein
99 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19 - 21
blood
components of blood
color range of blood
pH of blood
the only fluid tissue in the human body... connective tissue
living cells (formed elements; 45%)... non-living extracellular…
oxygen-rich blood - scarlet red... oxygen-poor blood - dull red
7.35 - 7.45
blood
the only fluid tissue in the human body... connective tissue
components of blood
living cells (formed elements; 45%)... non-living extracellular…
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 19
What are the potential consequences of…
What generalization can e made about a…
What path does blood follow through th…
Why must ventricular output be balanced?
a failing cardiovascular system will result in tissues that a…
All arteries carry blood away from the heart. all veins carry…
blood returning from the systematic circuit enters the right…
sustained pumping of unequal amounts of blood from the ventri…
What are the potential consequences of…
a failing cardiovascular system will result in tissues that a…
What generalization can e made about a…
All arteries carry blood away from the heart. all veins carry…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19
The percent fraction of formed element…
Which of the following is a function o…
Plasma is closest in composition to
Formed elements make up about what per…
hematocrit
transport of nutrients and wastes... transport of gases... defense…
interstitial fluid.
45 percent
The percent fraction of formed element…
hematocrit
Which of the following is a function o…
transport of nutrients and wastes... transport of gases... defense…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 19-21
hemoglobin
lymphocytes
plasma
erythroblasts
iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxyge…
the types of white blood cells that are part of the body's im…
colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells…
immature red blood cells
hemoglobin
iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxyge…
lymphocytes
the types of white blood cells that are part of the body's im…
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