Study sets matching "chapter 19 final chemistry"

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Study sets matching "chapter 19 final chemistry"

36 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
actinide series
bidentate ligand
central metal
chelate
(also, actinoid series) actinium and the elements in the seco…
ligand that coordinates to one central metal through coordina…
ion or atom to which one or more ligands is attached through…
complex formed from a polydentate ligand attached to a centra…
actinide series
(also, actinoid series) actinium and the elements in the seco…
bidentate ligand
ligand that coordinates to one central metal through coordina…
10 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Vocabulary
Hydronium Ion
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Neutral Solution
the positive ion formed when a water molecule gains a hydroge…
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4+ is…
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen…
an aqueous solution in which the concentrations of hydrogen a…
Hydronium Ion
the positive ion formed when a water molecule gains a hydroge…
Conjugate Acid
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4+ is…
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
acidic solution
basic solution
neutral solution
electrolytes
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
neither acidic nor basic
a substance whose aqueous solution conducts electricity
acidic solution
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
basic solution
contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
48 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Amphoteric
Bases
Polyprotic Acids
Acids
when water and other substances, can act as both acids and su…
-taste bitter and are slippery... -turns red litmus paper BLUE... -…
Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4) and Carbonic Acid (H2CO3) donate 2 hydr…
-taste sour... -turns blue litmus paper RED... -contains more hydro…
Amphoteric
when water and other substances, can act as both acids and su…
Bases
-taste bitter and are slippery... -turns red litmus paper BLUE... -…
15 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 19
chemical thermodynamics
spontaneous process
reversible process
irreversible process
the area of chemistry that deals with energy relationships
a process that proceeds on its own without any outside assist…
process in which a system is changed in such a way that the s…
process that cannot simply be reversed to restore the system…
chemical thermodynamics
the area of chemistry that deals with energy relationships
spontaneous process
a process that proceeds on its own without any outside assist…
Chapter 19 Nuclear Chemistry
Radioisostope
Nuclide
Beta Particle
Alpha Particle
ATOMS THAT DECAY SPONTANEOUSLY- consisting of atoms with unst…
applied to each unique atom (A/Z)X
0/-1 e; net effect of this particle production is to change a…
2 protons and 2 neutons, helium nucleus (4/2 He or 4/2 a), 8…
Radioisostope
ATOMS THAT DECAY SPONTANEOUSLY- consisting of atoms with unst…
Nuclide
applied to each unique atom (A/Z)X
28 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Review
Acids taste _______.
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Acids turn blue litmus paper _____.
Acids contain _____ ions.
Sour
Metals
Red
H+
Acids taste _______.
Sour
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Metals
15 terms
Chapter 19 AP Chemistry
Spontaneous Process
Reversible Process
Irreversible Process
Isothermal Process
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction,…
A process that can go back and forth between states along exa…
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system…
One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)
Spontaneous Process
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction,…
Reversible Process
A process that can go back and forth between states along exa…
27 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
hydronium ion (H3O+) pg. 647
conjugate acid pg. 650
conjugate base pg. 650
conjugate acid-base pair pg. 650
the ion that forms when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion…
the ion or molecule formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
the ion or molecule that remains after an acid loses a hydrog…
consists of two ions or molecules related by the loss or gain…
hydronium ion (H3O+) pg. 647
the ion that forms when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion…
conjugate acid pg. 650
the ion or molecule formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
30 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Vocabulary
alpha particle
alpha-particle production
atomic number
beta particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
Book Definition:... The number of protons in the nucleus of an…
Book Definition:... An electron produced in radioactive decay…
alpha particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
alpha-particle production
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
Chemistry Chapter 19 Vocabulary
Hydronium Ion
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Neutral Solution
the ion H3O+, consisting of a protonated water molecule and p…
an acid that forms when a base gains a proton
a base that forms when an acid loses a proton
a solution whose pH equals 7
Hydronium Ion
the ion H3O+, consisting of a protonated water molecule and p…
Conjugate Acid
an acid that forms when a base gains a proton
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19 Vocabulary
acid dissociation contant
acidic solution
alkaline solution
amphoteric
The equilibrium constant for the reaction in which a weak aci…
An acidic solution is any aqueous solution which has a pH < 7…
Alkaline refers to an aqueous solution having a pH greater th…
Partly one and partly the other; neither acid nor alkaline; n…
acid dissociation contant
The equilibrium constant for the reaction in which a weak aci…
acidic solution
An acidic solution is any aqueous solution which has a pH < 7…
10 terms
Chapter 19 Vocabulary, Chemistry
Hydronium Ion
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Neutral Solution
the positive ion formed when a water molecules gains a hydrog…
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4 is…
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen…
an aqueous solution in which the concentrations of hydrogen a…
Hydronium Ion
the positive ion formed when a water molecules gains a hydrog…
Conjugate Acid
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4 is…
31 terms
Chapter 19 chemistry vocab
Monoprodic acids
Diprodic acids
Triprodic acids
Conjugate acid
Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens
Asses they contain three ionizable hydrogens
The particle formed when base gains a hydrogen ion
Monoprodic acids
Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
Diprodic acids
Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
isotopes
nuclide
the alpha particle
loss of an alpha particles means
atoms of the same elements that have different masses
the nucleus of an isotope
contains two protons and two neutrons (helium)
atomic number decreases by 2, mass number decreases by 4
isotopes
atoms of the same elements that have different masses
nuclide
the nucleus of an isotope
Chemistry Chapter 19
oxidation
oxidation-reduction reaction
oxidizing agent
redox reaction
The loss of electrons from the atoms of a substance; increase…
Any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
The substance that oxidizes another substance by accepting it…
An oxidation-reduction reaction.
oxidation
The loss of electrons from the atoms of a substance; increase…
oxidation-reduction reaction
Any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
Chemistry Chapter 19
Acid Properties
Base Properties
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
1. Tastes sour or Tart... 2. When dissolved in water , the solut…
1. Tastes Bitter... 2. Feels Slippery... 3. Changes the color of an…
Forms hydrogen in water
Compounds that ionize to yield hydroxide (OH-) ions.
Acid Properties
1. Tastes sour or Tart... 2. When dissolved in water , the solut…
Base Properties
1. Tastes Bitter... 2. Feels Slippery... 3. Changes the color of an…
30 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Vocabulary
alpha particle
alpha-particle production
atomic number
beta particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
Book Definition:... The number of protons in the nucleus of an…
Book Definition:... An electron produced in radioactive decay…
alpha particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
alpha-particle production
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
52 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Structural
A-keratin
Collagen and Elastin
Muscle
Proteins are the main structural material for animals.
Makes up skin, hair, nails and feathers.
Connective tissue.
See movement.
Structural
Proteins are the main structural material for animals.
A-keratin
Makes up skin, hair, nails and feathers.
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19 Vocab.
Acid Dissociation Constant (Ka)
Acidic Solution
Alkaline Solution
Amphoteric
The ratio of the concentration of an acid to the undissociate…
Any solution in which the hydrogen-ion concentration is great…
A basic solution
A substance that can act as both an acid or a base
Acid Dissociation Constant (Ka)
The ratio of the concentration of an acid to the undissociate…
Acidic Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen-ion concentration is great…
108 terms
UNCG chemistry chapter 19
What are Lipids
are lipids soluble or insoluble
What are the two types of lipids
What are the five categories of lipids
An organic compounds found in living organisms
Insoluble in water, soluble in nonpolar organic solvents
One - contain a structural component of fatty acid... Two - cont…
What are Lipids
An organic compounds found in living organisms
are lipids soluble or insoluble
Insoluble in water, soluble in nonpolar organic solvents
14 terms
Chapter 19 Vocabulary (Chemistry)
acidic solution
basic solution
Arrhenius model
Bronsted-Lowry model
a solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
a solution that contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
states that an acid is a substance that contains hydrogen and…
a model of acids and bases in which an acid is a hydrogen-ion…
acidic solution
a solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
basic solution
a solution that contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
45 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 19
nucleons
atomic number
mass number
isotopes
protons and neutrons
Number of protons
sum of protons and neutrons
Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons
nucleons
protons and neutrons
atomic number
Number of protons
55 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Can accept an electron pair
Acid with two ionizable protons
Bronsted-Lowry acid
Negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion…
Lewis acid
diprotic acid
hydrogen-ion donor
pH
Can accept an electron pair
Lewis acid
Acid with two ionizable protons
diprotic acid
Chemistry Chapter 19 vocab & terms
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Conjugate acid/base pair
Acid
the acid that forms as a result of the proton transfer
the base that forms as a result of the proton transfer
2 substances related to each other by donating and accepting…
proton; H+ donors
Conjugate Acid
the acid that forms as a result of the proton transfer
Conjugate Base
the base that forms as a result of the proton transfer
60 terms
Chemistry- Chapter 19
monoprotic acids
diprotic acids
triprotic acids
conjugate acid
any acid that contains one ionizable proton (hydrogen ion); n…
any acid that contains two ionizable protons (hydrogen ions);…
any acid that contains three ionizable protons (hydrogen ions…
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4+ is…
monoprotic acids
any acid that contains one ionizable proton (hydrogen ion); n…
diprotic acids
any acid that contains two ionizable protons (hydrogen ions);…
26 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 19 Vocab
acid-base indicator
acid ionization constant
acidic solution
amphoteric
Chemical dyes whose colors... are affected by acidic and... basic s…
the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ioni…
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
Water and other substances that can act as both acids and bases
acid-base indicator
Chemical dyes whose colors... are affected by acidic and... basic s…
acid ionization constant
the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ioni…
72 terms
Chemistry 1483: Chapter 19
what are the two components that make…
are waxes soluble in water? in organic…
what are the components that make up t…
what is the structure of glycerol?
fatty acid and a high molecular weight alcohol
water insoluble... soluble in organic solvent
a glycerol and three molecules of fatty acids
what are the two components that make…
fatty acid and a high molecular weight alcohol
are waxes soluble in water? in organic…
water insoluble... soluble in organic solvent
Chemistry Chapter 19 Redox Reactions
oxidation-reduction reaction
oxidizing agent
reducing agent
oxidation-number method
any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
the substance that oxidizes another substance by accepting it…
the substance that reduces another substance by losing electr…
the technique that can be used to balance more difficult redo…
oxidation-reduction reaction
any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
oxidizing agent
the substance that oxidizes another substance by accepting it…
Chapter 19 Nuclear Chemistry
Wilhelm Roentgen
Becquerel
Radioactivity
Rutherford 1899
Discovers x-rays
Discovered radioactivity but didn't put a name to it ... Marrie…
Spontaneous emission of particles and or rays from the nucleu…
Began to investigate the nature of the rays that were emitted…
Wilhelm Roentgen
Discovers x-rays
Becquerel
Discovered radioactivity but didn't put a name to it ... Marrie…
Organic Chemistry Chapter 19
Enzymes
Enzymes effect on activation energy of…
An enzyme ___ change the equilibrium c…
____ The activation energy (increases…
Biolological Molecules (proteins) which act as catalysts for…
does not
Lowers
Enzymes
Biolological Molecules (proteins) which act as catalysts for…
Enzymes effect on activation energy of…
24 terms
Chapter 19 Organic Chemistry
Addition Reaction
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alkyl Group
a chemical reaction in which an unsaturated hydrocarbon adds…
a family of saturated hydrocarbon compounds
a family of unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds having a double…
the part that remains after a hydrogen atom is removed from a…
Addition Reaction
a chemical reaction in which an unsaturated hydrocarbon adds…
Alkanes
a family of saturated hydrocarbon compounds
40 terms
Chem- Chapter 19 (Nuclear Chemistry)
alpha particle
beta particle
nuclear binding energy
critical mass
He-4 nucleus... charge is +2... mass is 4 amu... penetration in skin-…
very fast electron... charge is -1... mass is 0 amu... penetration in…
energy released when protons and neutrons form attraction OR…
minimum amount of mass required for fuel pellet in nuclear re…
alpha particle
He-4 nucleus... charge is +2... mass is 4 amu... penetration in skin-…
beta particle
very fast electron... charge is -1... mass is 0 amu... penetration in…
Chemistry Chapter 19 Terms
Biochemistry
Protein
Amino acid
Denaturation
The study of the chemistry of living things
A polymer formed from small monomer molecules linked together…
An organic compound; a monomer that forms proteins
The name given to the process of unfolding of a protein when…
Biochemistry
The study of the chemistry of living things
Protein
A polymer formed from small monomer molecules linked together…
Chemistry Chapter 19
--->
--->
--->
Monoprotic Acids
Acids taste sour, will change the color of an acid-base indic…
Bases can taste bitter, feel slippery, will change the color…
Arrhenius said that acids are hydrogen-containing compounds t…
Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen, such as nitric acid.
--->
Acids taste sour, will change the color of an acid-base indic…
--->
Bases can taste bitter, feel slippery, will change the color…
17 terms
Chemistry Prentice Hall Chapter 19 Acids and BAses Vocabulary List
Acidic Solution
Alkaline Solution
Amphoteric
Base Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
A basic solution
A substance that can act as both an acid and a base.
Any solution in which the hydroxide ion concentration is grea…
Acidic Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
Alkaline Solution
A basic solution
30 terms
Introductory Chemistry: Chapter 19
Nucleons
Atomic Number
Mass Number
Isotope
Particles that make up the nucleus(protons and neutrons)
Number of protons in a nucleus
Sum of the number of of neutrons and protons
Atoms that have identical atomic numbers but different mass n…
Nucleons
Particles that make up the nucleus(protons and neutrons)
Atomic Number
Number of protons in a nucleus
24 terms
Chapter 19 Organic Chemistry
Organic chemistry
hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
the study of carbon compounds
Compounds containig of only carbon and hydrogen
A hydrocarbon in which all the bonds between carbon atoms are…
what is a hydrocarbon in which at least one pair of carbon at…
Organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbon
Compounds containig of only carbon and hydrogen
CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 19
The most common compound on the surfac…
Silicate compounds make up more than 9…
Without this, sugar compounds could no…
True or False...the chemical formula o…
silicate
SiO4
chlorophyll
True
The most common compound on the surfac…
silicate
Silicate compounds make up more than 9…
SiO4
12 terms
Organic Chemistry Vocabulary- Chapter 19
Enzyme
Active Site
Specificity (enzyme)
Turnover number
A protein or other molecule that acts as a catalyst for a bio…
A pocket in an enzyme with the specific shape and chemical ma…
The limitation of the activity of an enzyme to a specific sub…
The maximum number of substrate molecules acted upon by one m…
Enzyme
A protein or other molecule that acts as a catalyst for a bio…
Active Site
A pocket in an enzyme with the specific shape and chemical ma…
10 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Oxidation
Oxidized
Reduction
Reduced
A reaction that removes one or more electrons from a substanc…
Describes an element that has lost electrons and that has inc…
A chemical change in which electrons are gained, either by th…
Describes a substance that has gained electrons, lost an oxyg…
Oxidation
A reaction that removes one or more electrons from a substanc…
Oxidized
Describes an element that has lost electrons and that has inc…
9 terms
chemistry chapter 19 vocab
oxidation
oxidized
reduction
reduced
processes in which the atoms or ions of an element experience…
a species whose oxidation number increases
processes in which the oxidation state of an element decreases
a species that undergoes a decrease in oxidation state
oxidation
processes in which the atoms or ions of an element experience…
oxidized
a species whose oxidation number increases
44 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Monoprodic acids
Diprodic acids
Triprodic acids
Conjugate acid
Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens
Asses they contain three ionizable hydrogens
The particle formed when base gains a hydrogen ion
Monoprodic acids
Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
Diprodic acids
Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens
Chemistry Chapter 19
Lipid
Lipid Solubility
Hydrolyzable Lipids
Nonhydrolyzable
Biomolecule without a particular functional group with a vari…
Soluble in organic solvents and insoluble in water
waxes, triacylglycerols, and phospholipids
Steriods, Fat-soluable vitamins, and Eicosanoids
Lipid
Biomolecule without a particular functional group with a vari…
Lipid Solubility
Soluble in organic solvents and insoluble in water
Chapter 19 Chemistry Review
Acids taste _______.
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Acids turn blue litmus paper _____.
Acids contain _____ ions.
Sour
Metals
Red
H+
Acids taste _______.
Sour
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Metals
10 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 19
oxidation-reduction reaction
redox reaction
oxidation
reduction
any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
an oxidation-reduction reaction
the complete or partial loss of electrons from a reacting sub…
the complete or partial gain of electrons by a reacting subst…
oxidation-reduction reaction
any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
redox reaction
an oxidation-reduction reaction
54 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Acid
Base
Arrhenius Theory
Monoprotic Acid
taste sour, change color of an acid-base indicator, can be st…
taste bitter, change color of an acid-base indicator, can be…
said that acids are hydrogen-containing compounds that ionize…
acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
Acid
taste sour, change color of an acid-base indicator, can be st…
Base
taste bitter, change color of an acid-base indicator, can be…
26 terms
Chapter 19 chemistry
Acid base indicator
Acid ionization constant
Acidic solution
Amphoteric
A chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic so…
The value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ioni…
Has higher concentration of hydrogen ions than water
Describes water and other substances that can act as both aci…
Acid base indicator
A chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic so…
Acid ionization constant
The value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ioni…
22 terms
Chemistry- Chapter 19
Hydronium Ion (H3O+)
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Monoprotic acids have:
the ion that forms when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion
the ion or molecule formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
the ion or molecule that remains after an acid lost a hydroge…
one ionizable hydrogen
Hydronium Ion (H3O+)
the ion that forms when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion
Conjugate Acid
the ion or molecule formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
Chemistry Chapter 19
acids
acids
strong; weak
metals
____conduct electricity.
____taste sour.
acids can be ____ or ____ electrolytes in aqueous solutions.
acids react with ____ to form H2 gas.
acids
____conduct electricity.
acids
____taste sour.
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