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Study sets matching "chapter 19 final chemistry"

24 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 19: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
oxidation
oxidized
half-reaction
oxidation-reduction reaction
a reaction in which the atoms or ions of an element experienc…
having experienced an increase in oxidation number
the part of a reaction involving oxidation or reduction alone
any chemical process in which elements undergo changes in oxi…
oxidation
a reaction in which the atoms or ions of an element experienc…
oxidized
having experienced an increase in oxidation number
36 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
actinide series
bidentate ligand
central metal
chelate
(also, actinoid series) actinium and the elements in the seco…
ligand that coordinates to one central metal through coordina…
ion or atom to which one or more ligands is attached through…
complex formed from a polydentate ligand attached to a centra…
actinide series
(also, actinoid series) actinium and the elements in the seco…
bidentate ligand
ligand that coordinates to one central metal through coordina…
10 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Vocabulary
Hydronium Ion
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Neutral Solution
the positive ion formed when a water molecule gains a hydroge…
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4+ is…
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen…
an aqueous solution in which the concentrations of hydrogen a…
Hydronium Ion
the positive ion formed when a water molecule gains a hydroge…
Conjugate Acid
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4+ is…
26 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 19 Vocab
acid-base indicator
acid ionization constant
acidic solution
amphoteric
Chemical dyes whose colors... are affected by acidic and... basic s…
the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ioni…
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
Water and other substances that can act as both acids and bases
acid-base indicator
Chemical dyes whose colors... are affected by acidic and... basic s…
acid ionization constant
the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ioni…
48 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Amphoteric
Bases
Polyprotic Acids
Acids
when water and other substances, can act as both acids and su…
-taste bitter and are slippery... -turns red litmus paper BLUE... -…
Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4) and Carbonic Acid (H2CO3) donate 2 hydr…
-taste sour... -turns blue litmus paper RED... -contains more hydro…
Amphoteric
when water and other substances, can act as both acids and su…
Bases
-taste bitter and are slippery... -turns red litmus paper BLUE... -…
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
acidic solution
basic solution
neutral solution
electrolytes
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
neither acidic nor basic
a substance whose aqueous solution conducts electricity
acidic solution
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
basic solution
contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
half-reaction
oxidation
oxidation-reduction reaction
reduction
The part of a reaction involving oxidation or reduction alone
A reaction in which the atoms or ions of an element experienc…
Any chemical process in which elements undergo changes in oxi…
A reaction in which the oxidation state of an element decreases
half-reaction
The part of a reaction involving oxidation or reduction alone
oxidation
A reaction in which the atoms or ions of an element experienc…
9 terms
Chemistry - Vocabulary Chapter 19 - Oxidation Reduction Reaction
Oxidation- Reduction Reactions
Oxidation
Reduction
Reducing Agent
...
...
...
...
Oxidation- Reduction Reactions
...
Oxidation
...
15 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 19
chemical thermodynamics
spontaneous process
reversible process
irreversible process
the area of chemistry that deals with energy relationships
a process that proceeds on its own without any outside assist…
process in which a system is changed in such a way that the s…
process that cannot simply be reversed to restore the system…
chemical thermodynamics
the area of chemistry that deals with energy relationships
spontaneous process
a process that proceeds on its own without any outside assist…
48 terms
Chapter 19 Nuclear Chemistry
Radioisostope
Nuclide
Beta Particle
Alpha Particle
ATOMS THAT DECAY SPONTANEOUSLY- consisting of atoms with unst…
applied to each unique atom (A/Z)X
0/-1 e; net effect of this particle production is to change a…
2 protons and 2 neutons, helium nucleus (4/2 He or 4/2 a), 8…
Radioisostope
ATOMS THAT DECAY SPONTANEOUSLY- consisting of atoms with unst…
Nuclide
applied to each unique atom (A/Z)X
28 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Review
Acids taste _______.
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Acids turn blue litmus paper _____.
Acids contain _____ ions.
Sour
Metals
Red
H+
Acids taste _______.
Sour
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Metals
15 terms
Chapter 19 AP Chemistry
Spontaneous Process
Reversible Process
Irreversible Process
Isothermal Process
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction,…
A process that can go back and forth between states along exa…
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system…
One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)
Spontaneous Process
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction,…
Reversible Process
A process that can go back and forth between states along exa…
16 terms
Chapter 19- Chemistry
electrochemistry
voltaic cell
galvanic cell
corrosion
branch of chemistry that deals with interconversion of electr…
converts chemical energy to electrical energy
experimental apparatus for generating electricity thru the us…
deterioration of metals by an electrochemical process
electrochemistry
branch of chemistry that deals with interconversion of electr…
voltaic cell
converts chemical energy to electrical energy
38 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry
Structural Classification of Proteins
Contractile Classification of Proteins
Transport Classification of Proteins
Storage Classification of Proteins
Provide structural components... Ex: Collagen, Keratin
Make muscles move... Ex: Myosin, Actin
Carry essential substances throughout the body... Ex: Hemoglobin…
Store nutrients... Ex: Casein
Structural Classification of Proteins
Provide structural components... Ex: Collagen, Keratin
Contractile Classification of Proteins
Make muscles move... Ex: Myosin, Actin
27 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
hydronium ion (H3O+) pg. 647
conjugate acid pg. 650
conjugate base pg. 650
conjugate acid-base pair pg. 650
the ion that forms when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion…
the ion or molecule formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
the ion or molecule that remains after an acid loses a hydrog…
consists of two ions or molecules related by the loss or gain…
hydronium ion (H3O+) pg. 647
the ion that forms when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion…
conjugate acid pg. 650
the ion or molecule formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
17 terms
Chemistry Prentice Hall Chapter 19 Acids and BAses Vocabulary List
Acidic Solution
Alkaline Solution
Amphoteric
Base Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
A basic solution
A substance that can act as both an acid and a base.
Any solution in which the hydroxide ion concentration is grea…
Acidic Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
Alkaline Solution
A basic solution
30 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Vocabulary
alpha particle
alpha-particle production
atomic number
beta particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
Book Definition:... The number of protons in the nucleus of an…
Book Definition:... An electron produced in radioactive decay…
alpha particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
alpha-particle production
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
10 terms
Chapter 19 Vocabulary, Chemistry
Hydronium Ion
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Neutral Solution
the positive ion formed when a water molecules gains a hydrog…
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4 is…
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen…
an aqueous solution in which the concentrations of hydrogen a…
Hydronium Ion
the positive ion formed when a water molecules gains a hydrog…
Conjugate Acid
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion; NH4 is…
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
isotopes
nuclide
the alpha particle
loss of an alpha particles means
atoms of the same elements that have different masses
the nucleus of an isotope
contains two protons and two neutrons (helium)
atomic number decreases by 2, mass number decreases by 4
isotopes
atoms of the same elements that have different masses
nuclide
the nucleus of an isotope
31 terms
Chapter 19 chemistry vocab
Monoprodic acids
Diprodic acids
Triprodic acids
Conjugate acid
Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens
Asses they contain three ionizable hydrogens
The particle formed when base gains a hydrogen ion
Monoprodic acids
Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
Diprodic acids
Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
oxidation
oxidation-reduction reaction
oxidizing agent
redox reaction
The loss of electrons from the atoms of a substance; increase…
Any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
The substance that oxidizes another substance by accepting it…
An oxidation-reduction reaction.
oxidation
The loss of electrons from the atoms of a substance; increase…
oxidation-reduction reaction
Any chemical reaction in which electrons are transferred from…
30 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Vocabulary
alpha particle
alpha-particle production
atomic number
beta particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
Book Definition:... The number of protons in the nucleus of an…
Book Definition:... An electron produced in radioactive decay…
alpha particle
Book Definition:... A helium nucleus produced in radioactive de…
alpha-particle production
Book Definition:... A common mode of decay for radioactive nucl…
Chemistry Chapter 19 Vocabulary
Hydronium Ion
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Neutral Solution
the ion H3O+, consisting of a protonated water molecule and p…
an acid that forms when a base gains a proton
a base that forms when an acid loses a proton
a solution whose pH equals 7
Hydronium Ion
the ion H3O+, consisting of a protonated water molecule and p…
Conjugate Acid
an acid that forms when a base gains a proton
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Acid Properties
Base Properties
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
1. Tastes sour or Tart... 2. When dissolved in water , the solut…
1. Tastes Bitter... 2. Feels Slippery... 3. Changes the color of an…
Forms hydrogen in water
Compounds that ionize to yield hydroxide (OH-) ions.
Acid Properties
1. Tastes sour or Tart... 2. When dissolved in water , the solut…
Base Properties
1. Tastes Bitter... 2. Feels Slippery... 3. Changes the color of an…
52 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Structural
A-keratin
Collagen and Elastin
Muscle
Proteins are the main structural material for animals.
Makes up skin, hair, nails and feathers.
Connective tissue.
See movement.
Structural
Proteins are the main structural material for animals.
A-keratin
Makes up skin, hair, nails and feathers.
39 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19 Vocabulary
skeleton equation
electrochemical cell
voltaic (galvanic) cell
electrolytic cell
equation that gives the essential information about a reaction
system consisting of electrodes that dip into an electrolyte…
electrochemical cell in which a spontaneous reaction generate…
electrochemical cell in which an electric current drives an o…
skeleton equation
equation that gives the essential information about a reaction
electrochemical cell
system consisting of electrodes that dip into an electrolyte…
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19 Vocab.
Acid Dissociation Constant (Ka)
Acidic Solution
Alkaline Solution
Amphoteric
The ratio of the concentration of an acid to the undissociate…
Any solution in which the hydrogen-ion concentration is great…
A basic solution
A substance that can act as both an acid or a base
Acid Dissociation Constant (Ka)
The ratio of the concentration of an acid to the undissociate…
Acidic Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen-ion concentration is great…
14 terms
Chapter 19 Vocabulary (Chemistry)
acidic solution
basic solution
Arrhenius model
Bronsted-Lowry model
a solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
a solution that contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
states that an acid is a substance that contains hydrogen and…
a model of acids and bases in which an acid is a hydrogen-ion…
acidic solution
a solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
basic solution
a solution that contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
108 terms
UNCG chemistry chapter 19
What are Lipids
are lipids soluble or insoluble
What are the two types of lipids
What are the five categories of lipids
An organic compounds found in living organisms
Insoluble in water, soluble in nonpolar organic solvents
One - contain a structural component of fatty acid... Two - cont…
What are Lipids
An organic compounds found in living organisms
are lipids soluble or insoluble
Insoluble in water, soluble in nonpolar organic solvents
45 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 19
nucleons
atomic number
mass number
isotopes
protons and neutrons
Number of protons
sum of protons and neutrons
Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons
nucleons
protons and neutrons
atomic number
Number of protons
17 terms
Chapter 19 Nuclear Chemistry
Wilhelm Roentgen
Becquerel
Radioactivity
Rutherford 1899
Discovers x-rays
Discovered radioactivity but didn't put a name to it ... Marrie…
Spontaneous emission of particles and or rays from the nucleu…
Began to investigate the nature of the rays that were emitted…
Wilhelm Roentgen
Discovers x-rays
Becquerel
Discovered radioactivity but didn't put a name to it ... Marrie…
72 terms
Chemistry 1483: Chapter 19
what are the two components that make…
are waxes soluble in water? in organic…
what are the components that make up t…
what is the structure of glycerol?
fatty acid and a high molecular weight alcohol
water insoluble... soluble in organic solvent
a glycerol and three molecules of fatty acids
what are the two components that make…
fatty acid and a high molecular weight alcohol
are waxes soluble in water? in organic…
water insoluble... soluble in organic solvent
24 terms
Chapter 19 Organic Chemistry
Organic chemistry
hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
the study of carbon compounds
Compounds containig of only carbon and hydrogen
A hydrocarbon in which all the bonds between carbon atoms are…
what is a hydrocarbon in which at least one pair of carbon at…
Organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
hydrocarbon
Compounds containig of only carbon and hydrogen
35 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19 (Abshire)
Arrhenius Acid
Ionizable
monoprotic acids
diprotic acids
Hydrogen containing compound that ionizes to produce hydrogen…
a hydrogen atom that form a hydrogen ion
acids that contain 1 ionizable hydrogen
acids that contain 2 ionizable hydrogens
Arrhenius Acid
Hydrogen containing compound that ionizes to produce hydrogen…
Ionizable
a hydrogen atom that form a hydrogen ion
21 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 19
How does the presence of a common ion…
Define Buffer
How does a buffer maintain a constant…
Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation
The common can shift the equilibrium
solutions whose pH changes only very slightly upon addition o…
A buffer has acid and base components that neutralize the sol…
How does the presence of a common ion…
The common can shift the equilibrium
Define Buffer
solutions whose pH changes only very slightly upon addition o…
39 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 19
Enzymes
Enzymes effect on activation energy of…
An enzyme ___ change the equilibrium c…
____ The activation energy (increases…
Biolological Molecules (proteins) which act as catalysts for…
does not
Lowers
Enzymes
Biolological Molecules (proteins) which act as catalysts for…
Enzymes effect on activation energy of…
46 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 19
Carboxy Group
IUPAc
Common name
Formic Acid down to benzoic acid
Sp2 hybridized. Trigonal Planar. 120 degree bond angel. C-O b…
1. Find the longest chain containing the COOH group and chang…
Parent name followed by the suffix ic acid.... The carbon adjace…
Think of them- C=OOH plus however many alkyl carbon substitue…
Carboxy Group
Sp2 hybridized. Trigonal Planar. 120 degree bond angel. C-O b…
IUPAc
1. Find the longest chain containing the COOH group and chang…
46 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 19
Carboxy Group
IUPAc
Common name
Formic Acid down to benzoic acid
Sp2 hybridized. Trigonal Planar. 120 degree bond angel. C-O b…
1. Find the longest chain containing the COOH group and chang…
Parent name followed by the suffix ic acid.... The carbon adjace…
Think of them- C=OOH plus however many alkyl carbon substitue…
Carboxy Group
Sp2 hybridized. Trigonal Planar. 120 degree bond angel. C-O b…
IUPAc
1. Find the longest chain containing the COOH group and chang…
12 terms
Organic Chemistry Vocabulary- Chapter 19
Enzyme
Active Site
Specificity (enzyme)
Turnover number
A protein or other molecule that acts as a catalyst for a bio…
A pocket in an enzyme with the specific shape and chemical ma…
The limitation of the activity of an enzyme to a specific sub…
The maximum number of substrate molecules acted upon by one m…
Enzyme
A protein or other molecule that acts as a catalyst for a bio…
Active Site
A pocket in an enzyme with the specific shape and chemical ma…
40 terms
Chem- Chapter 19 (Nuclear Chemistry)
alpha particle
beta particle
nuclear binding energy
critical mass
He-4 nucleus... charge is +2... mass is 4 amu... penetration in skin-…
very fast electron... charge is -1... mass is 0 amu... penetration in…
energy released when protons and neutrons form attraction OR…
minimum amount of mass required for fuel pellet in nuclear re…
alpha particle
He-4 nucleus... charge is +2... mass is 4 amu... penetration in skin-…
beta particle
very fast electron... charge is -1... mass is 0 amu... penetration in…
28 terms
Chapter 19 Chemistry Review
Acids taste _______.
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Acids turn blue litmus paper _____.
Acids contain _____ ions.
Sour
Metals
Red
H+
Acids taste _______.
Sour
Acids react with _______ and carbonates.
Metals
19 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 19
Isotope Notation
When we are discussing nuclear propert…
Alpha (α) Decay ... (composition, symbol…
Ionizing Power
Nuclide
Occurs when an unstable nucleus emits a particle composed of…
The ability of radiation to ionize other molecules and atoms…
Isotope Notation
When we are discussing nuclear propert…
Nuclide
119 terms
UNCG chemistry chapter 19
What are Lipids
are lipids soluble or insoluble
What are the two types of lipids
What are the five categories of lipids
An organic compounds found in living organisms
Insoluble in water, soluble in nonpolar organic solvents
One - contain a structural component of fatty acid... Two - cont…
1. energy storage- triacylglycerols... 2. membrane- phospholipid…
What are Lipids
An organic compounds found in living organisms
are lipids soluble or insoluble
Insoluble in water, soluble in nonpolar organic solvents
31 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 19 Vocabulary
acid dissociation constant
acidic solution
alkaline solution
amphoteric
the ratio of the concentration of the dissociated form of an…
any solution in which the hydrogen-ion concentration is great…
a basic solution
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
acid dissociation constant
the ratio of the concentration of the dissociated form of an…
acidic solution
any solution in which the hydrogen-ion concentration is great…
36 terms
chemistry chapter 19
what did arrhenius say about acids?
what did arrhenius say about bases?
the ion that forms when a water molecu…
what does the Bronsted-Lowry theory sa…
they are hydrogen-containing compounds that ionize to yields…
they are compounds that ionize to yield hydroxide ions (OH⁻)…
hydronium ions (H₃O⁺)
that acids are a hydrogen-ion donor and bases are a hydrogen…
what did arrhenius say about acids?
they are hydrogen-containing compounds that ionize to yields…
what did arrhenius say about bases?
they are compounds that ionize to yield hydroxide ions (OH⁻)…
55 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19
Can accept an electron pair
Acid with two ionizable protons
Bronsted-Lowry acid
Negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion…
Lewis acid
diprotic acid
hydrogen-ion donor
pH
Can accept an electron pair
Lewis acid
Acid with two ionizable protons
diprotic acid
69 terms
Chemistry UNF chapter 19
First law of thermodynamics
because energy cannot be created nor d…
Enthalpy
Entropy
energy can be converted from one form to another or transferr…
the total energy of the universe is a constant
heat transfer between system and surroundings during a consta…
measure of randomness in a system.
First law of thermodynamics
energy can be converted from one form to another or transferr…
because energy cannot be created nor d…
the total energy of the universe is a constant
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 19 vocab & terms
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Conjugate acid/base pair
Acid
the acid that forms as a result of the proton transfer
the base that forms as a result of the proton transfer
2 substances related to each other by donating and accepting…
proton; H+ donors
Conjugate Acid
the acid that forms as a result of the proton transfer
Conjugate Base
the base that forms as a result of the proton transfer
39 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 19
Lipids
Hydrolyzable lipids
Nonhydrolyzable lipids
Hydrolyzable lipids are derived from
biomolecules that are soluble in organic solvents and insolub…
can be converted into smaller molecules by hydrolysis
lipids that can not be cleaved into smaller molecules by aque…
fatty acids
Lipids
biomolecules that are soluble in organic solvents and insolub…
Hydrolyzable lipids
can be converted into smaller molecules by hydrolysis
24 terms
Chapter 19 Organic Chemistry
Addition Reaction
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alkyl Group
a chemical reaction in which an unsaturated hydrocarbon adds…
a family of saturated hydrocarbon compounds
a family of unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds having a double…
the part that remains after a hydrogen atom is removed from a…
Addition Reaction
a chemical reaction in which an unsaturated hydrocarbon adds…
Alkanes
a family of saturated hydrocarbon compounds
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