Study sets matching "chapter 2 anatomy food"

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Study sets matching "chapter 2 anatomy food"

40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 & 3
endoplasmic reticulum
golgi body apparatus
cell membrane
mitochondria
cellular transport
packaging, processing, and secreting of proteins
regulates what enters and leaves the cell
cellular respiration
endoplasmic reticulum
cellular transport
golgi body apparatus
packaging, processing, and secreting of proteins
Chapter 2 Terms (Anatomy)
Cations
Anions
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bond
Ions with a positive charge
Ions with a negative charge
sharing electrons with another atom
the attraction between a slight positive charge on a hydrogen…
Cations
Ions with a positive charge
Anions
Ions with a negative charge
27 terms
Food Science Chapter 2
Good nutrition
Macronutrients
micronutrients
malnutrition
involves getting proper nutrients without too many calories
are needed in the largest amounts and include carbohydrates,…
are needed in lesser amounts and include vitamins and minerals
implies an imbalance resulting in poor nutrition and health
Good nutrition
involves getting proper nutrients without too many calories
Macronutrients
are needed in the largest amounts and include carbohydrates,…
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
compound
inorganic
ion
identical building blocks that compose elements and give the…
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
chemical that doesn't contain both Carbon and hydrogen atoms
atom or molecule with an electrical charge due to loss of gai…
atom
identical building blocks that compose elements and give the…
compound
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
Chapter 2 Food Science
sensory evaluation
taste bias
appearance
colorimeter
human analysis of taste, smell, sound, feel, and appearance o…
negative experiences cause a person to dislike the food
shape, size, condition, and color of the product
device that measures color of foods in terms of hue, value, a…
sensory evaluation
human analysis of taste, smell, sound, feel, and appearance o…
taste bias
negative experiences cause a person to dislike the food
Science, Chapter 2: Food and Digestion
Nutrient (definition)
Unit to measure the energy in food
Carbohydrates (function)
Simple carbohydrate (examples)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Calorie
provide calories of energy; provides raw materials to make ce…
glucose (sugars), fruit, milks, some veggies
Nutrient (definition)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Unit to measure the energy in food
Calorie
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Foods for Today Chapter 2
culture
ethnic
cuisine
custom
set of customs, traditions and beliefs share by a large group…
means relating to a specific culture
culture's foods and styles of cooking
a group's specific way of doing things
culture
set of customs, traditions and beliefs share by a large group…
ethnic
means relating to a specific culture
45 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2-4
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Deoxyribose Sugar and Phosphate
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
The "backbone" of the DNA molecule is made up of two... componen…
There are four different variations of these monomers (four d…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
83 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
major elements
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
4. Constitute 96% of body mass. Oxygen. Carbon. Hydrogen. Nit…
The smallest stable units of matter
Positively charged particles in nucleus of atom
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
major elements
4. Constitute 96% of body mass. Oxygen. Carbon. Hydrogen. Nit…
Atoms
The smallest stable units of matter
28 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 2
Cell Theory (3 pts)
somatic cells
sex cells
cytology
1.)cells are the basic unit of structure in all living things…
body cells
reproductive cells/ germ cells
study of cells
Cell Theory (3 pts)
1.)cells are the basic unit of structure in all living things…
somatic cells
body cells
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Matter
Energy
Element
Compounds
Has Mass... Affected by gravity... Consist of elements and compounds
Moves matter... Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy... Ability to d…
Pure substance... Can't be broken down by ordinary means... Such as…
2+ different elements combined in a fixed ratio... Such as water…
Matter
Has Mass... Affected by gravity... Consist of elements and compounds
Energy
Moves matter... Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy... Ability to d…
Anatomy - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
properties of water
the 4 macromolecules
dehydration reaction
smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemical a…
water is a solvent for polar (charged molecules)... water molecu…
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
OH and H (water molecule) are removed as the molecule forms
atom
smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemical a…
properties of water
water is a solvent for polar (charged molecules)... water molecu…
Chapter 2 Food Vocab
la carne
la carne de res
el bistec
la ternera
meat
beef
steak
veal
la carne
meat
la carne de res
beef
20 terms
chapter 2 food vocab
la carne
la carne de res
el bistec
la ternera
meat
beef
steak
veal
la carne
meat
la carne de res
beef
5 terms
Food Science Vocab Chapter 2
nutrient
malnutrition
deficiency disease
fortified foods
a chemical substance in food that helps maintain the body
lack of the right proportions of nutrients over an extended p…
illness caused by the lack of a sufficient amount of a nutrient
foods to which nutrients are added in amounts greater than wh…
nutrient
a chemical substance in food that helps maintain the body
malnutrition
lack of the right proportions of nutrients over an extended p…
41 terms
Chapter 2 anatomy
Nonpolar covalent bond
Lipid
Active sites
Saturated
A pair of electrons shared equally
Made up of carbon hydrogen and oxygen use form essential stru…
Substrate molecules bind to enzymes at this site
Fatty acids that contains only single covalent bonds in its c…
Nonpolar covalent bond
A pair of electrons shared equally
Lipid
Made up of carbon hydrogen and oxygen use form essential stru…
Food and business (chapter 2 Finance 1)
aandelenmarkt
investeren
kapitaal
groei
stockmarket
to invest
capital
growth
aandelenmarkt
stockmarket
investeren
to invest
9 terms
Chapter 2: Buying Food
pound (lb.)
ounce (oz)
pkg.
gallon (gal.)
unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
unit of weight equal to one-sixteenth of a pound
an abbreviation for package
unit of capacity equal to four quarts
pound (lb.)
unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
ounce (oz)
unit of weight equal to one-sixteenth of a pound
60 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2: Chemistry
Energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
Chemical energy
capacity to work
energy involving movement
stored energy
energy from bonds between chemical substances
Energy
capacity to work
kinetic energy
energy involving movement
5 terms
Food Science Vocab Chapter 2
macrominerals
trace elements
digestion
absorption
minerals needed in the diet in amounts of 100 or milligrams a…
minerals needed in the diet in amounts less than 100 milligra…
the process of breaking foods down into simpler compounds
process of taking in nutrients and making them part of the body
macrominerals
minerals needed in the diet in amounts of 100 or milligrams a…
trace elements
minerals needed in the diet in amounts less than 100 milligra…
Food and nutrition chapter 2 vocabulary
Absorption
Anemia
Carbohydrate
Deficiency disease
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
sugar or starch such as pasta, bread, fruits. vegetables, bea…
A disease due to the lack of some essential dietary factors s…
Absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
Chapter 2: Buying Food
Pound (lb)
Ounce
Pkg.
Gallon (gal)
A unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
A unit of weight equal to 1/16 of a pound
Abbreviation for "package"
A unit of capacity equal to 4 quarts
Pound (lb)
A unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
Ounce
A unit of weight equal to 1/16 of a pound
53 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2
Acid
Alkali
Amino acid
Atom
Chemical compound that ionizes to form hydrogen ions in aqueo…
A substance that, when dissolved in water, ionizes into negat…
Small molecular units that make up protein molecules
Smallest piece of an element
Acid
Chemical compound that ionizes to form hydrogen ions in aqueo…
Alkali
A substance that, when dissolved in water, ionizes into negat…
Foods 2 vocab. Chapter 2
pathogens
microorganisms
bacteria
virus
disease-causing microorganisms
small, living organisms that can be seen only with the aid of…
Single-celled living microorganisms that can cause food spoil…
The smallest of the microbial food comtaminants, viruses rely…
pathogens
disease-causing microorganisms
microorganisms
small, living organisms that can be seen only with the aid of…
Chapter 2: Anatomy
Biochemistry
Organic Compounds
# of amino acids
Bonds where valence electrons are shar…
the study of the chemical reactions within living things
compounds that contain Carbon
22
covalent
Biochemistry
the study of the chemical reactions within living things
Organic Compounds
compounds that contain Carbon
Anatomy Chapter 2
Basic structure of an atom
Four common elements in our body
Atomic #
Atomic mass
Made up of protons, neutrons, electrons
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Number of protons
Protons+neutrons
Basic structure of an atom
Made up of protons, neutrons, electrons
Four common elements in our body
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
15 terms
Chapter 2: Food Chains
aquarium
biome
branch
chain
a glass tank filled with water used for displaying fish
a large area that has the same climate and organisms
a part or division of a larger whole
a series of connected or related things
aquarium
a glass tank filled with water used for displaying fish
biome
a large area that has the same climate and organisms
66 terms
Science, Chapter 2: Food and Digestion
Nutrient (definition)
Nutrients (examples)
Unit to measure the energy in food
Carbohydrates (function)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Water, Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals (THI…
Calorie
provide calories of energy; provides raw materials to make ce…
Nutrient (definition)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Nutrients (examples)
Water, Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals (THI…
62 terms
Chapter 2 - Anatomy
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water
Water Properties
usually lack carbon ... structurally simple... 1. Water ... 2. salts…
Large ... have unique characteristics... 1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids…
The most important inorganic molecule, H20 covalently bonds t…
1. ability to ionize... 2. polanty... 3. cohesian... 4.Resist temp cha…
Inorganic Compounds
usually lack carbon ... structurally simple... 1. Water ... 2. salts…
Organic Compounds
Large ... have unique characteristics... 1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids…
19 terms
Spanish chapter 2 food
La mesa
El vaso
La taza
El platillo
Table
Glass
Cup
Saucer
La mesa
Table
El vaso
Glass
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Disaccharide
Sterol
Polysaccharide
Amino Acid
Disaccharide
39 terms
Food and nutrition chapter 2 vocabulary
Absorption
Anemia
Carbohydrate
Deficiency disease
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
sugar or starch such as pasta, bread, fruits. vegetables, bea…
A disease due to the lack of some essential dietary factors s…
Absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
Anatomy Chapter 2
cartilage
osteo-
tendons
ligaments
Chondr/o; somewhat rigid, but more flexible than bone
bone
attach muscles to bones- these are on either end of the muscl…
attach bones to bones- these are found at joints; few blood v…
cartilage
Chondr/o; somewhat rigid, but more flexible than bone
osteo-
bone
Anatomy chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Phases
Elements
The branch os science that comsiders the conposition of matte…
Anything that has weight and takes up space
Solid liquid gas plasma
Composed of one type of atom
Chemistry
The branch os science that comsiders the conposition of matte…
Matter
Anything that has weight and takes up space
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Adipose Tissue
Areolar Tissue
Blood
Bone
Found beneath the epithelial tissue layer, behind the eyeball…
Found between muscles and beneath the skin
Found in the heart and blood vessels
Makes up the skeleton (looks like wood
Adipose Tissue
Found beneath the epithelial tissue layer, behind the eyeball…
Areolar Tissue
Found between muscles and beneath the skin
17 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 2
Simple Tubular Epithelium
Simple Alveolar
Compound Alveolar
Simple Branch Alveolar
Glandular Epithelium made up of simple cuboidal epithelium
Glandular Epithelium that looks like a flask
Glandular Epithelium made up of many simple tubular epithelium
Glandular Epithelium that is made up of many simple aveolar
Simple Tubular Epithelium
Glandular Epithelium made up of simple cuboidal epithelium
Simple Alveolar
Glandular Epithelium that looks like a flask
Anatomy Chapter 2
Types of tissues
Characteristics of Epithelial
Function of Epithelial
Simple squamous functions
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous
Constantly regenerated, lines all external and internal body…
Protection, secretion, absorption, excretion, reproduction, a…
Filtration and absorption
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous
Characteristics of Epithelial
Constantly regenerated, lines all external and internal body…
Anatomy Chapter 2
inhalation
exhalation
diaphragm
true ribs
breathing air in
Breathing air out
pulls down, creating a partial vacuum allowing air to enter t…
ribs 1-7
inhalation
breathing air in
exhalation
Breathing air out
5 terms
Chapter 2 - Food Evaluation
Density
Objective tests
Sensory (subjective) tests
Viscosity
The concentration of matter measured by the amount of mass pe…
Evaluations of food quality that rely on numbers generated by…
Evaluations of food quality based on sensory characteristics…
The resistance of a fluid to flowing freely, caused by the fr…
Density
The concentration of matter measured by the amount of mass pe…
Objective tests
Evaluations of food quality that rely on numbers generated by…
10 terms
Food Chapter 2
plan do check act cycle
six sigma
Empowerment
quality assurance
A model for coordinating process improvement efforts is a ___…
a data driven technique for eliminating defects in a process
the degree to which managers allow employees to act independe…
a procedure that defines and ensures maintenance of standards…
plan do check act cycle
A model for coordinating process improvement efforts is a ___…
six sigma
a data driven technique for eliminating defects in a process
Anatomy Chapter 2- Basic Chemistry
carbohydrates
monosaccharide
important monosaccharides
disaccharide
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose and deoxyribose
double sugars, formed when two simple sugars are joined by a…
carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
monosaccharide
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
plasmalemma
cytoplasm
cytosol
free ribosomes
a dynamic system; selectively permeable lipid bilayer; contai…
is the general term for the material inside the cell; fluid t…
is the intracellular fluid of cytoplasm; high in potassium io…
type of ribosome that float in the cytoplasm and located with…
plasmalemma
a dynamic system; selectively permeable lipid bilayer; contai…
cytoplasm
is the general term for the material inside the cell; fluid t…
Anatomy Chapter 2.2 cells extra??
extracellular matrix
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's gen…
extracellular matrix
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
plasma membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
Anatomy Chapter 2
Cells
3 major components in cells
Plasma membrane or Plasmalemma
Cytoplasm
the basic unit of life
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
All the cellular contents between the plasmalemma and nucleus…
Cells
the basic unit of life
3 major components in cells
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
132 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Chemical Reactions
anything that takes up space and has m…
solid, liquid, and gas
smallest stable unit of matter
All life processes involve...
Matter
3 states of matter
Atoms
Chemical Reactions
All life processes involve...
anything that takes up space and has m…
Matter
39 terms
Food and Nutriton// Chapter 2
Absorption
Anemia
Carbohydrate
Deficiency disease
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
sugar or starch such as pasta, bread, fruits. vegetables, bea…
A disease due to the lack of some essential dietary factors s…
Absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
Anatomy chapter 2
How many chromosomes?
matter
How many elements are there?
what are the 4 most abundant elements?
46
anything that occupies space & has mass
92 naturally
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
How many chromosomes?
46
matter
anything that occupies space & has mass
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