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Study sets matching "chapter 2 anatomy food"

40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2-4
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Deoxyribose Sugar and Phosphate
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
The "backbone" of the DNA molecule is made up of two... componen…
There are four different variations of these monomers (four d…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 & 3
endoplasmic reticulum
golgi body apparatus
cell membrane
mitochondria
cellular transport
packaging, processing, and secreting of proteins
regulates what enters and leaves the cell
cellular respiration
endoplasmic reticulum
cellular transport
golgi body apparatus
packaging, processing, and secreting of proteins
30 terms
Chapter 2 Terms (Anatomy)
Cations
Anions
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bond
Ions with a positive charge
Ions with a negative charge
sharing electrons with another atom
the attraction between a slight positive charge on a hydrogen…
Cations
Ions with a positive charge
Anions
Ions with a negative charge
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
10 terms
Food and drinks (3A Chapter 2)
vegetables
noodles
a sandwich
sandwiches
三文治(單數)
三文治(眾數)
vegetables
noodles
64 terms
Science, Chapter 2: Food and Digestion
Nutrient (definition)
Unit to measure the energy in food
Carbohydrates (function)
Simple carbohydrate (examples)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Calorie
provide calories of energy; provides raw materials to make ce…
glucose (sugars), fruit, milks, some veggies
Nutrient (definition)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Unit to measure the energy in food
Calorie
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
45 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2-4
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Deoxyribose Sugar and Phosphate
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
The "backbone" of the DNA molecule is made up of two... componen…
There are four different variations of these monomers (four d…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
compound
inorganic
ion
identical building blocks that compose elements and give the…
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
chemical that doesn't contain both Carbon and hydrogen atoms
atom or molecule with an electrical charge due to loss of gai…
atom
identical building blocks that compose elements and give the…
compound
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
27 terms
Food Science Chapter 2
Good nutrition
Macronutrients
micronutrients
malnutrition
involves getting proper nutrients without too many calories
are needed in the largest amounts and include carbohydrates,…
are needed in lesser amounts and include vitamins and minerals
implies an imbalance resulting in poor nutrition and health
Good nutrition
involves getting proper nutrients without too many calories
Macronutrients
are needed in the largest amounts and include carbohydrates,…
17 terms
Chapter 2 Food Science
sensory evaluation
taste bias
appearance
colorimeter
human analysis of taste, smell, sound, feel, and appearance o…
negative experiences cause a person to dislike the food
shape, size, condition, and color of the product
device that measures color of foods in terms of hue, value, a…
sensory evaluation
human analysis of taste, smell, sound, feel, and appearance o…
taste bias
negative experiences cause a person to dislike the food
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- Basic Chemistry
carbohydrates
monosaccharide
important monosaccharides
disaccharide
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose and deoxyribose
double sugars, formed when two simple sugars are joined by a…
carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
monosaccharide
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
83 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
major elements
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
4. Constitute 96% of body mass. Oxygen. Carbon. Hydrogen. Nit…
The smallest stable units of matter
Positively charged particles in nucleus of atom
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
major elements
4. Constitute 96% of body mass. Oxygen. Carbon. Hydrogen. Nit…
Atoms
The smallest stable units of matter
107 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Biochemistry
Element
Atomic Number
Trace elements
The study of the molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, protein, a…
The simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties.
Number of protons in the nucleus of an element.
Utilized by organisms in trace amounts, each accounting for l…
Biochemistry
The study of the molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, protein, a…
Element
The simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties.
18 terms
Foods 2 vocab. Chapter 2
pathogens
microorganisms
bacteria
virus
disease-causing microorganisms
small, living organisms that can be seen only with the aid of…
Single-celled living microorganisms that can cause food spoil…
The smallest of the microbial food comtaminants, viruses rely…
pathogens
disease-causing microorganisms
microorganisms
small, living organisms that can be seen only with the aid of…
66 terms
Science, Chapter 2: Food and Digestion
Nutrient (definition)
Nutrients (examples)
Unit to measure the energy in food
Carbohydrates (function)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Water, Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals (THI…
Calorie
provide calories of energy; provides raw materials to make ce…
Nutrient (definition)
The substances in food that provide the raw materials and ene…
Nutrients (examples)
Water, Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals (THI…
14 terms
Chapter 2 - Food
a piece of cheese
a joint of meat
a slice of cake
a bar of chocolate
kawałek sera
sztuka mięsa
kawałek ciasta
tabliczka czekolady
a piece of cheese
kawałek sera
a joint of meat
sztuka mięsa
63 terms
Food and business (chapter 2 Finance 1)
aandelenmarkt
investeren
kapitaal
groei
stockmarket
to invest
capital
growth
aandelenmarkt
stockmarket
investeren
to invest
21 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
properties of water
the 4 macromolecules
dehydration reaction
smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemical a…
water is a solvent for polar (charged molecules)... water molecu…
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
OH and H (water molecule) are removed as the molecule forms
atom
smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemical a…
properties of water
water is a solvent for polar (charged molecules)... water molecu…
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Matter
Energy
Element
Compounds
Has Mass... Affected by gravity... Consist of elements and compounds
Moves matter... Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy... Ability to d…
Pure substance... Can't be broken down by ordinary means... Such as…
2+ different elements combined in a fixed ratio... Such as water…
Matter
Has Mass... Affected by gravity... Consist of elements and compounds
Energy
Moves matter... Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy... Ability to d…
39 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab Food
Absorption
Amino Acid
Anemia
Beriberi
process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed b…
biologically important organic compounds containing amine and…
condition that develops when your blood lacks enough healthy…
nutritional disorder caused by a deficiency of thiamin (vitam…
Absorption
process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed b…
Amino Acid
biologically important organic compounds containing amine and…
Chapter 2 Food Vocab
la carne
la carne de res
el bistec
la ternera
meat
beef
steak
veal
la carne
meat
la carne de res
beef
26 terms
chapter 2 food
to serve
to fry
to reserve
to be hungry
servír
freír
reservar
tener hambre
to serve
servír
to fry
freír
20 terms
chapter 2 food vocab
la carne
la carne de res
el bistec
la ternera
meat
beef
steak
veal
la carne
meat
la carne de res
beef
24 terms
foods - chapter 2
apples
bananas
bread
cake
apples
bananas
6 terms
Japanese 1010 Genki Chapter 2 Food
oishii
sakana
tonkatu
niku
delicious
fish
pork cutlet
meat
oishii
delicious
sakana
fish
11 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2.2 cells extra??
extracellular matrix
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's gen…
extracellular matrix
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
plasma membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
60 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2: Chemistry
Energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
Chemical energy
capacity to work
energy involving movement
stored energy
energy from bonds between chemical substances
Energy
capacity to work
kinetic energy
energy involving movement
10 terms
Food & Nutrition - chapter 2
Carbohydrate - bread, rice, pasta
Fat - cheese, meat & fish, avocado, nu…
Malnutrition - junk food, soda, pizza,…
Minerals - fruit & vegetables
The body's source of energy
Important energy source
Lack of the right nutrients
Help your body grow, develop, and stay healthy
Carbohydrate - bread, rice, pasta
The body's source of energy
Fat - cheese, meat & fish, avocado, nu…
Important energy source
41 terms
Chapter 2 anatomy
Nonpolar covalent bond
Lipid
Active sites
Saturated
A pair of electrons shared equally
Made up of carbon hydrogen and oxygen use form essential stru…
Substrate molecules bind to enzymes at this site
Fatty acids that contains only single covalent bonds in its c…
Nonpolar covalent bond
A pair of electrons shared equally
Lipid
Made up of carbon hydrogen and oxygen use form essential stru…
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
9 terms
Foods for Today Chapter 2
culture
ethnic
cuisine
custom
set of customs, traditions and beliefs share by a large group…
means relating to a specific culture
culture's foods and styles of cooking
a group's specific way of doing things
culture
set of customs, traditions and beliefs share by a large group…
ethnic
means relating to a specific culture
13 terms
Chapter 2: Buying Food
Pound (lb)
Ounce
Pkg.
Gallon (gal)
A unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
A unit of weight equal to 1/16 of a pound
Abbreviation for "package"
A unit of capacity equal to 4 quarts
Pound (lb)
A unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
Ounce
A unit of weight equal to 1/16 of a pound
53 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 2 - The Cell - Human Anatomy (Huxley)
cell theory
extracellular fluid
cell membrane OR plasmalemma
selective permeability
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
thin later of fluid around each cell
outer boundary of a cell that is a phospho-lipid bilayer memb…
allowing some items to move through and other to be prevented…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
extracellular fluid
thin later of fluid around each cell
39 terms
Food & Nutrition Chapter 2 Vocab
Absorption
Anemia
Carbohydrates
Deficiency Disease
Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules…
a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough health…
nutrients that supply energy and help the body use other nutr…
an inadequate supply of essential nutrients (as vitamins and…
Absorption
Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules…
Anemia
a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough health…
53 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2
Acid
Alkali
Amino acid
Atom
Chemical compound that ionizes to form hydrogen ions in aqueo…
A substance that, when dissolved in water, ionizes into negat…
Small molecular units that make up protein molecules
Smallest piece of an element
Acid
Chemical compound that ionizes to form hydrogen ions in aqueo…
Alkali
A substance that, when dissolved in water, ionizes into negat…
83 terms
Human Anatomy chapter 2
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Squamous
Cuboidal
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
a thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bugle where the nucle…
squarish-looking. (liver cells)
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
21 terms
Anatomy chapter 2
Water
Salt
Salts found in the body
Acid
H2O; most abundant and important and abundant living compound…
a salt is an ionic compound; a salt dissociates when dissolve…
NaCl;Ca2CO3,and KCL
an acid is a substance that releases hydrogen ions; acids are…
Water
H2O; most abundant and important and abundant living compound…
Salt
a salt is an ionic compound; a salt dissociates when dissolve…
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
inhalation
exhalation
diaphragm
true ribs
breathing air in
Breathing air out
pulls down, creating a partial vacuum allowing air to enter t…
ribs 1-7
inhalation
breathing air in
exhalation
Breathing air out
91 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Types of tissues
Characteristics of Epithelial
Function of Epithelial
Simple squamous functions
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous
Constantly regenerated, lines all external and internal body…
Protection, secretion, absorption, excretion, reproduction, a…
Filtration and absorption
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous
Characteristics of Epithelial
Constantly regenerated, lines all external and internal body…
19 terms
Spanish chapter 2 food
La mesa
El vaso
La taza
El platillo
Table
Glass
Cup
Saucer
La mesa
Table
El vaso
Glass
62 terms
Chapter 2 - Anatomy
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water
Water Properties
usually lack carbon ... structurally simple... 1. Water ... 2. salts…
Large ... have unique characteristics... 1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids…
The most important inorganic molecule, H20 covalently bonds t…
1. ability to ionize... 2. polanty... 3. cohesian... 4.Resist temp cha…
Inorganic Compounds
usually lack carbon ... structurally simple... 1. Water ... 2. salts…
Organic Compounds
Large ... have unique characteristics... 1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids…
39 terms
Food and nutrition chapter 2 vocabulary
Absorption
Anemia
Carbohydrate
Deficiency disease
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
sugar or starch such as pasta, bread, fruits. vegetables, bea…
A disease due to the lack of some essential dietary factors s…
Absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
132 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Chemical Reactions
anything that takes up space and has m…
solid, liquid, and gas
smallest stable unit of matter
All life processes involve...
Matter
3 states of matter
Atoms
Chemical Reactions
All life processes involve...
anything that takes up space and has m…
Matter
100 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Skeletal System
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Bone classification
"dried up body", strong and light, protects and provides motion
dense, smooth, homogeneous
small, needle-like pieces of bone-many open spaces
long, short, flat, irregular
Skeletal System
"dried up body", strong and light, protects and provides motion
Compact bone
dense, smooth, homogeneous
20 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Vascular tissue
Stratified cuboidal tissue
Adipose tissue
Osseous tissue
Vascular tissue
Stratified cuboidal tissue
62 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
Is water organic
positive ions
draw a monosaccharide
draw a disaccharide
No because to be organic the molecule needs to contain carbon…
cation
Is water organic
No because to be organic the molecule needs to contain carbon…
positive ions
cation
58 terms
Anatomy Vocab. Chapter 2
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
glands
muscle tissue
tissues that cover the body and line cavities within the body
supporting tissue which consists mainly of a extracellular ma…
epithelial cells that are to produce and secrete substances
a type of tissue that generates force and allows the body to…
epithelial tissue
tissues that cover the body and line cavities within the body
connective tissue
supporting tissue which consists mainly of a extracellular ma…
42 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
The Living Units
Cells have three main components
Plasma membrane
Types of membrane proteins
...
• Plasma membrane—the outer boundary... • Cytoplasm—contains mos…
•Separates the intracellular fluid within cell from extracell…
• Integral proteins... • Peripheral proteins
The Living Units
...
Cells have three main components
• Plasma membrane—the outer boundary... • Cytoplasm—contains mos…
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