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Study sets matching "chapter 2 anatomy physiology chemistry"

134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
122 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
3 Forms Of Matter:
the science of structure and interactions of matter.
All living and non living things consist of this which is any…
the amount of matter in any object, which does not change. Wh…
Solid, Liquid, and Gas
Chemistry
the science of structure and interactions of matter.
Matter
All living and non living things consist of this which is any…
27 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
Energy
Chemical energy
Electrical energy
Oxygen (O) atomic number is 8
The ability to do work or put matter into motion.
energy stored in chemical bonds of chemical substances. when…
energy that results from the movement of charged particles. I…
A major component of both organic and inorganic molecules; as…
Energy
The ability to do work or put matter into motion.
Chemical energy
energy stored in chemical bonds of chemical substances. when…
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 : Chemistry
Acids
Bases
pH
Organic Chemicals
releases H⁺ in water (due to weak bond)
Collects H⁺ to neutralize it (strong bonds)
1 pH unit is equal to a 10x change in acidity
Contian both hydrogen and carbon... - Carbohydrates... - Lipids... - P…
Acids
releases H⁺ in water (due to weak bond)
Bases
Collects H⁺ to neutralize it (strong bonds)
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
41 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Chemistry
3 types of mixtures
Ions
Atoms
Hydrogen bonds
1. Solution- solute+ solvent... 2. Colloid- particles don't sett…
Protons not equal to electrons, giving elemental atom a charge
Smallest particle of energy with identity. Made of proton, ne…
Not a true bond. Strong dipole-dipole attractions seen in wat…
3 types of mixtures
1. Solution- solute+ solvent... 2. Colloid- particles don't sett…
Ions
Protons not equal to electrons, giving elemental atom a charge
55 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Elements
96% of the body is made from four elem…
Anything that occupies space and has mass (Solid, Liquid, Gas).
The ability to do work (kinetic v. potential). Chemical, Elec…
Fundamental units of matter. Substances that cannot be broken…
Carbon (C) ... Oxygen (O)... Hydrogen (H)... Nitrogen (N)
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass (Solid, Liquid, Gas).
Energy
The ability to do work (kinetic v. potential). Chemical, Elec…
78 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2 (Chemistry)
atom
atom structure
valence shells (energy levels)
atomic number
smallest stable unit of matter
proton (p+), neutron (n°), electron (e-)
2, 8, 8....
number of protons
atom
smallest stable unit of matter
atom structure
proton (p+), neutron (n°), electron (e-)
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2; Chemistry
nucleus
electrons
neutrons
protons
the dense central core of an atom
negatively charged particles
neutral (no charge) particles
positively charged particles
nucleus
the dense central core of an atom
electrons
negatively charged particles
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry
Matter
Chemistry
Protons
Atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space
The study of matter and its interactions
Positively charged particles
Smallest unit of matter that retains its original properties
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Chemistry
The study of matter and its interactions
59 terms
Chapter 2 Chemistry Anatomy and Physiology
molecule
polar molecule
compound
anion
particle consisting of 2 or more atoms joined together by che…
unequal sharing by the atoms with different electron attracti…
composed of 2 or more different elements ... example: H²O
an ion carrying one or more negative charges and therefore at…
molecule
particle consisting of 2 or more atoms joined together by che…
polar molecule
unequal sharing by the atoms with different electron attracti…
58 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2 - Chemistry
The four major elements found in the b…
Trace elements are?
Solvent
Solute
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
Elements required in very small amounts for life
The dissolver
What dissolves
The four major elements found in the b…
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
Trace elements are?
Elements required in very small amounts for life
46 terms
chapter2 chemistry in anatomy and physiology
atomic number
atomic weight
biochemistry
matter
number of protons in the nucleus of a specific element
number of protons plus number of neutrons
helps explain physiological and disease processes
anything that takes up space and has mass, matter is composed…
atomic number
number of protons in the nucleus of a specific element
atomic weight
number of protons plus number of neutrons
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
198 terms
Anatomy and Physiology l Chapter 2 Chemistry Review
Matter
Matter vs Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Anything that has mass and takes up space
All living things built of matter and require energy to grow…
Energy of motion i.e. exercise
Stored Energy i.e. being still ... ENERGY OF POSITION
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Matter vs Energy
All living things built of matter and require energy to grow…
95 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology (Marieb, Hoehn): CHAPTER 2 - CHEMISTRY COMES ALIVE
Matter
States of matter:
Solid (describe)
Liquid (describe)
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
definite shape and volume
definite volume, changeable shape
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
States of matter:
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
chemistry
matter
solid matter
liquid matter
the study of matter
anything that occupies space and has weight
has definite shape and volume
has volume but no definite shape, takes the shape of the cont…
chemistry
the study of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has weight
102 terms
Marieb Anatomy + Physiology Chapter 2: Chemistry
What is matter? What are its 3 states?
What is energy? What are two types of…
4 Forms of Energy
Energy Conversions
Anything that has mass and occupies space.... 3 states:... 1.) So…
Capacity to do work or put matter into motion.... 2 Types of en…
1.) Chemical energy... - Stored in bonds of chemical substances…
Energy may be converted from one form to another... Energy conve…
What is matter? What are its 3 states?
Anything that has mass and occupies space.... 3 states:... 1.) So…
What is energy? What are two types of…
Capacity to do work or put matter into motion.... 2 Types of en…
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
matter
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
the ability to do work/the ability to put matter into motion
energy of motion
inactive or stored energy
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
energy
the ability to do work/the ability to put matter into motion
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2 Chemistry
What is the difference between a satur…
What makes you unique?
Describe an isotope
Octet Rule
Saturated: single bonds, max hydrogen, pack tightly together,…
Sequence of nucleotides
same atomic number different number of neutrons (atomic mass)
8 valence electrons
What is the difference between a satur…
Saturated: single bonds, max hydrogen, pack tightly together,…
What makes you unique?
Sequence of nucleotides
99 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy & Physiology (Chemistry)
Matter
Atoms
Major Elements
Minor Elements
Anything that takes up space and mass
Smallest particle of an element.
O: Oxygen H:Hydrogen C:Carbon N: Nitrogen
Ca: Calcium S:Sulfur P: Phosphorous K: Potassium Na:Sodium Cl…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and mass
Atoms
Smallest particle of an element.
72 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 2 chemistry
matter
states of matter
energy
types of energy
anything that takes up space and has mass
solid(definite shape and volume), liquid(changeable shape def…
capacity to do work or put matter into motion
kinetic and potential
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
states of matter
solid(definite shape and volume), liquid(changeable shape def…
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
52 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2 chemistry
Mass
Atoms
Element
Mass number
Anything that takes up space
The smallest units of matter
Is a pure substance composed of atoms of only one kind
Total number of protons plus neutrons in the nucleus
Mass
Anything that takes up space
Atoms
The smallest units of matter
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2: Chemistry (Part B)
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2:Chemistry Comes Alive
Electrically charged particle due to l…
Neutral subatomic particle
Smallest Particle of an element that r…
Smallest particle of a compound that i…
Cation
Neutron
Atom
Molecule
Electrically charged particle due to l…
Cation
Neutral subatomic particle
Neutron
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Base
Chemical energy
Fatty acids
Radiant (electromagnetic) energy
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
Linear chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms (hydrocarbon chain…
Energy form that travels in waves.
Base
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Chemical energy
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2. Chemistry, Matter, and Life
3 Parts of an Atom
Number of Electrons needed for a stabl…
Number of Electrons needed in an Atom'…
2 Types of Chemical Bonds
Proton (positive charge), Neutrons (neutral charge), Electron…
8
Valence
Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds
3 Parts of an Atom
Proton (positive charge), Neutrons (neutral charge), Electron…
Number of Electrons needed for a stabl…
8
106 terms
anatomy and physiology intro to chemistry chapter2
atom
what six elements are the main chemica…
atomic number
mass number (atomic mass)
the smallest part of an element indivisible by ordinary chemi…
oxygen carbon hydrogen nitrogen calcium phosphorus
the number of protons in an atoms nucleus
sum of protons and neutrons in an atoms nucleus
atom
the smallest part of an element indivisible by ordinary chemi…
what six elements are the main chemica…
oxygen carbon hydrogen nitrogen calcium phosphorus
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Concepts of Chemistry
chemistry
biochemistry
nucleus
electrons
the study of matter and how it goes under change
branch of chemistry that deals with the chemistry of life
center of an atom
negatively charged particles that orbit nuleus
chemistry
the study of matter and how it goes under change
biochemistry
branch of chemistry that deals with the chemistry of life
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2:Chemistry Comes Alive
Electrically charged particle due to l…
Neutral subatomic particle
Smallest Particle of an element that r…
Smallest particle of a compound that i…
Cation
Neutron
Atom
Molecule
Electrically charged particle due to l…
Cation
Neutral subatomic particle
Neutron
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Chemistry Terms
6 major elements? what is the total bo…
6 lesser elements? what is the total b…
minerals
protons
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium. total: 98.5%
sulfur, potassium, sodium, chlorine, magnesium, iron. total:…
inorganic elements extracted from the soil by plants
single positive charge
6 major elements? what is the total bo…
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium. total: 98.5%
6 lesser elements? what is the total b…
sulfur, potassium, sodium, chlorine, magnesium, iron. total:…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2; Chemistry
Define Hematocrit
Nucleotides are composed of what three…
Nucleotides are the building blocks of…
What is one type of nucleotides?
Thicking of the blood
-A nitrogenous base... -A sugar (usually ribose or deoxyribose)…
DNA and RNA
ATP
Define Hematocrit
Thicking of the blood
Nucleotides are composed of what three…
-A nitrogenous base... -A sugar (usually ribose or deoxyribose)…
38 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2 Chemistry
Matter
Trace elements
atoms
Element
All forms of _____ are composed of chemical elements which ar…
elements in our bodies, present in tiny amounts .
Units of matter of all chemical elements are called _____.
An ______ is a quantity of matter composed of atoms of the sa…
Matter
All forms of _____ are composed of chemical elements which ar…
Trace elements
elements in our bodies, present in tiny amounts .
16 terms
College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry
4 major elements in the body
Trace Elements
Examples of Trace Elements
Radioactive
-Hydrogen... -Oxygen... -Carbon... -Nitrogen
-Dilute... -Not easily measured
-Fluorine... -Manganese... -Zinc... -Copper... -Silicon
An element that decomposes its atoms ti a more stabler form
4 major elements in the body
-Hydrogen... -Oxygen... -Carbon... -Nitrogen
Trace Elements
-Dilute... -Not easily measured
87 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Nucleotide
RNA
Calcium
Phosphorus
An organic compound that consists of a pentose sugar, a phosp…
A nucleic Acid that is a single strand of nucleotides; essent…
Provides strength in the bones and teeth... Necessary for blood…
Provides strength to bone and teeth ... Part of DNA, RNA, and AT…
Nucleotide
An organic compound that consists of a pentose sugar, a phosp…
RNA
A nucleic Acid that is a single strand of nucleotides; essent…
73 terms
Chapter 2: Chemistry Comes Alive (Anatomy and Physiology
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Magnesium
Potassium
H
N
Mg
K
Hydrogen
H
Nitrogen
N
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Base
Chemical energy
Fatty acids
Radiant (electromagnetic) energy
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
Linear chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms (hydrocarbon chain…
Energy form that travels in waves.
Base
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Chemical energy
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
55 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2 - basic chemistry
element
atoms
neutron
electron
simplest form of matter ... C- carbon... H- hydrogen... O- oxygen... N- n…
smallest unit of matter that retain the properties of an elem…
no charge
negative charge
element
simplest form of matter ... C- carbon... H- hydrogen... O- oxygen... N- n…
atoms
smallest unit of matter that retain the properties of an elem…
187 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 (Chemistry) Terms
Element
What 4 major elements make up 96.1% of…
What lesser elements make up 3.9% of o…
Trace elements in the body are:
A group of atoms if the same type
Carbon (C) Hydrogen (H) Oxygen (O) Nitrogen (N)
Calcium (Ca) Phosphorus (P) Sulfur (S) Potassium (K) Sodium (…
...
Element
A group of atoms if the same type
What 4 major elements make up 96.1% of…
Carbon (C) Hydrogen (H) Oxygen (O) Nitrogen (N)
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
159 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life
Biochemistry
Element
Atomic number
24 elements have a biological role
The study of the molecules that compose living organisms... Car…
simplest for of matter to have unique chemical properties
number of PROTONS in its nucleus
6 elements= 98.5% of body weight... -oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, n…
Biochemistry
The study of the molecules that compose living organisms... Car…
Element
simplest for of matter to have unique chemical properties
91 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life
Biochemistry
Element
Trace Elements
Major Elements
the study of the molecules that compose living organisms; esp…
simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
account for 0.7% of body weight and no one of them accounts f…
make up 98.5% of body weight... - oxygen (65.0%)... - carbon (18.0%…
Biochemistry
the study of the molecules that compose living organisms; esp…
Element
simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
99 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2: Chemistry Comes Alive
Matter
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion.
Energy in action.
Stored energy, capable of doing work.
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Energy
Capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion.
21 terms
Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry ( Anatomy and Physiology)
Chemical Energy
Radioisotopes
Computed Tomography (CT)
Positron-emission Technology (PET)
Changes that do not alter the basic nature of a substance.
Used in minute amounts to tag biological molecules.
A refined version of the X-Ray.
Excels in observing metabolic processes.
Chemical Energy
Changes that do not alter the basic nature of a substance.
Radioisotopes
Used in minute amounts to tag biological molecules.
40 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2: Some basic chemistry
Element
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
The simplest chemicals made of only one type of atom, which m…
smallest part of an element that have characteristics of that…
has a positive electrical charge and is found in the nucleus…
is neutral and is found in the nucleus.
Element
The simplest chemicals made of only one type of atom, which m…
Atoms
smallest part of an element that have characteristics of that…
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