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Study sets matching "chapter 2 ap biology apbio"

34 terms
Chapter 2: Water and Life (APBIO)
structure of water
polar covalent bonds
polar molecule
hydrogen bond
water is made up of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydro…
a covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
a molecule (such as water) with an uneven distribution of cha…
form between water molecule. the slightly negative oxygen ato…
structure of water
water is made up of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydro…
polar covalent bonds
a covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
43 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab APBIO
Matter
Element
Compound
Proton
Anything that occupies space and has mass. (Biology Concepts…
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio.…
A subatomic particle with a sing le positive elctrical charge…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. (Biology Concepts…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
32 terms
APBIO Chapter 2 Terms
The four major elements
Neutron
Proton
atomic number
oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen
neutral charge (nucleus)
positive charge (nucleus)
number of protons in an atom (also tells number of electrons)
The four major elements
oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen
Neutron
neutral charge (nucleus)
192 terms
APBIO Chapter 2-5
biological molecules
polymers (think pearl necklace - made…
monomers
how are all biological macromolecules…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
long molecule consisting of many identical/simlar building bl…
individual components of polymers
dehydration reaction
biological molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
polymers (think pearl necklace - made…
long molecule consisting of many identical/simlar building bl…
33 terms
APBIO Chapter 2
Element
Compound
Essential elements
Trace elements
is a substance that cannot be broken to other substances by c…
is a substance consisting of two ore more different elements…
One of the elements needed to live a healthy life and reprodu…
required by an organism in only minute quantities.
Element
is a substance that cannot be broken to other substances by c…
Compound
is a substance consisting of two ore more different elements…
41 terms
Chapter 2: The Chemical Context of Life (APBIO)
anion
atom
atomic mass
atomic nucleus
A negatively charged ion
Smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
The total mass of an atom, which is the mass in grams of 1 mo…
An atom's central core, containing protons and neutrons.
anion
A negatively charged ion
atom
Smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
43 terms
APBIO Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Trace Elements
Compound
Anything that occupies space and has mass. (Biology: Concepts…
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substance by…
An element that is essential for life but required in extreme…
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio.…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. (Biology: Concepts…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substance by…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Acid
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic symbol
Solution in which a substance will dissociate in water nmakin…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
sum of protons and neutrons, or, average of atom mass units f…
One or two letters that represent the name of an element
Acid
Solution in which a substance will dissociate in water nmakin…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
47 terms
Chapter 2- AP Biology
ammonia
anion
atom
atomic mass
A small and very toxic nitrogenous waste produced by metabolism
A negatively charged ion
The smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
total atomic mass, or mass in grams of one mole of an atom
ammonia
A small and very toxic nitrogenous waste produced by metabolism
anion
A negatively charged ion
71 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
A substance made of two or more DIFFERENT elements combined i…
Elements that an organism requires for survival
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 Terms
PH Scale
Isotope
Valence shell
Salt
Measurement scale for hydrogen ion concentrations. Based on t…
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
The outer electron shell of an atom. Contains the valence ele…
Solid substances formed by ionic bonds that usually dissociat…
PH Scale
Measurement scale for hydrogen ion concentrations. Based on t…
Isotope
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
80 terms
chapter 2 apbio
matter
element
compound
essential element
takes up space and has mass; makes up organisms; made of elem…
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio…
needed by an organism to live a healthy life and reproduce
matter
takes up space and has mass; makes up organisms; made of elem…
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
24 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Matter
Element
Chemical composition of the human body
Trace elements
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
Four elements - oxygen (O), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and nit…
Elements that are essential for the survival of an organism,…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
Element
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
chapter 2 apbio
matter
element
compound
essential element
takes up space and has mass; makes up organisms; made of elem…
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio…
needed by an organism to live a healthy life and reproduce
matter
takes up space and has mass; makes up organisms; made of elem…
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
42 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 2
Biology
Element
Compound
C.O.H.N
A multidisciplinary science
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen make up 96% of living…
Biology
A multidisciplinary science
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
22 terms
APBIO Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Isotope
Buffer
pH scale
compound
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
Substance or group of substances that tend to resist pH chang…
Measurement scale for hydrogen ion concentration
Substance having two or more different elements in a fixed ra…
Isotope
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
Buffer
Substance or group of substances that tend to resist pH chang…
38 terms
APBIO Chapter 2
Element
Compound
Trace elements
Atom
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
Those required by an organism in only minute quantities
The smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Compound
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
19 terms
apbio chapter 2 vocab
matter
element
compound
esssential elements
what organisms are composed of, any thing that takes up space…
makes up matter cannot be broken down to other substances by…
substance consisting of 2 or more different elements combinin…
25% of elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life…
matter
what organisms are composed of, any thing that takes up space…
element
makes up matter cannot be broken down to other substances by…
43 terms
APBIO Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Element
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down into any other subst…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
a chemical element required for an organism to survive, grow,…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
any substance that cannot be broken down into any other subst…
64 terms
APBIO CHAPTER 2 VOCAB
matter
element
compound
essential elements
anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and re…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
levels of biological orginazation
chemical level
atom
proton
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
the simplest form of a chemical element
the first type of subatomic particle; has an electric charge…
levels of biological orginazation
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
chemical level
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
36 terms
Biochemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary Terms - APBIO
element
compound
proton
neutron
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
a subatomic particle with a single positive electrical charge…
a subatomic particle having no electrical charge with a mass…
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
compound
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
levels of biological orginazation
chemical level
atom
proton
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
the simplest form of a chemical element
the first type of subatomic particle; has an electric charge…
levels of biological orginazation
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
chemical level
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
81 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
emergent properties
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
Properties not possessed by the constituents.
matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
element
Any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
50 terms
Chapter 2 AP Biology
atom
atomic nucleus
electrons
protons
smallest particle of matter that maintains the property of ma…
dense, positively charged center of the atom
negatively charged subatomic particles, 0 Dalton, orbits nucl…
positively charged subatomic particles, 1 Dalton, in nucleus
atom
smallest particle of matter that maintains the property of ma…
atomic nucleus
dense, positively charged center of the atom
171 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
What is the difference between a compo…
mass number
atomic number
Identify the four elements that make u…
Chemical bond = molecule... crystalline structure or atom by its…
Mass number is the total number of protons and neutrons in th…
Atomic number is only the number of protons in the nucleus of…
CHNO -- Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen
What is the difference between a compo…
Chemical bond = molecule... crystalline structure or atom by its…
mass number
Mass number is the total number of protons and neutrons in th…
164 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
example of matter having emerging prop…
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
compound has chemical and physical characteristics different…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
95 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Polar Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
What does it mean that water has a "hi…
What does it mean that water is "the u…
Bond in which atoms share electrons UNEQUALLY resulting in po…
Attraction between a positive and negative ion- atoms form io…
Heat causes hydrogen bonds in water to break and reform repea…
Polar molecules dissolve easily in water because of the posit…
Polar Covalent Bond
Bond in which atoms share electrons UNEQUALLY resulting in po…
Ionic Bond
Attraction between a positive and negative ion- atoms form io…
42 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
essential elements
anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and re…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
43 terms
Chapter 2 - AP Biology
Matter
Element
Compound
Trace Elements
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substance
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
an element indispensable for life but required in extremely m…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substance
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
27 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Atoms
Ions
Isotopes
Potential Energy
Made of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Atoms with unequal proton and electron charges.
Versions of the same element, differing in the number of neut…
Energy that matter possesses because of its location or struc…
Atoms
Made of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Ions
Atoms with unequal proton and electron charges.
164 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
example of matter having emerging prop…
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
compound has chemical and physical characteristics different…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
81 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
60 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2 and 3
Matter
Element
Trace Element
Atom
that which has mass and occupies space
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
an element that is essential for the survival of an organism…
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
Matter
that which has mass and occupies space
Element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
emergent properties
anything that takes up space and has mass
substance that cannot be broken down into other substances th…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
properties that are not possessed by a compound´s constituents
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down into other substances th…
47 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 (Campbell)
Subatomic particles
Mass Number
Atomic Mass
Isotopes
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
Total mass of the atom.
Same number of protons, but different number of neutrons and…
Subatomic particles
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Mass Number
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
50 terms
APBIO: Chapter 1 and 2
Macomolecules
Nucleic Acid
Nucleic Acid monomer?
Nucleotides contains what?
Cabohydrates, proteins, nucleic Acid, Lipid
Genetic material
Nucleotide
Nitrogen base, a sugar with 5 carbons (including 1 primes, 3…
Macomolecules
Cabohydrates, proteins, nucleic Acid, Lipid
Nucleic Acid
Genetic material
41 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2 and 3
Matter
Element
Trace Element
Atom
that which has mass and occupies space
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
an element that is essential for the survival of an organism…
basic unit of matter
Matter
that which has mass and occupies space
Element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
71 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
A substance made of two or more DIFFERENT elements combined i…
Elements that an organism requires for survival
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
71 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
A substance made of two or more DIFFERENT elements combined i…
Elements that an organism requires for survival
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
76 terms
AP biology chapter 2
anion
atom
atomic mass
atomic nucleus
a negatively charged ion
the smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
the total mass of an atom, which is the mass in grams of 1 mo…
an atom's dense central core, containing protons and neutrons
anion
a negatively charged ion
atom
the smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
24 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 2
neutrons
protons
electron
atomic nucleus
a particle with a neutral charge
positively charged particle
negatively charged particle
a dense core of tightly packed protons and neutrons
neutrons
a particle with a neutral charge
protons
positively charged particle
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 (Campbell)
Subatomic particles
Mass Number
Atomic Mass
Isotopes
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
Total mass of the atom.
Same number of protons, but different number of neutrons and…
Subatomic particles
Neutrons, protons, electrons. Make up atoms.
Mass Number
Sum of the protons and the neutrons. An approximation of the…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
71 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
A substance made of two or more DIFFERENT elements combined i…
Elements that an organism requires for survival
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
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