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Study sets matching "chapter 2 biology sections science"

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Study sets matching "chapter 2 biology sections science"

21 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 The Science of Biology
Inquiry
Observation
Data
What are the two types of Data?
An investigation with thoughtful questioning.
Using senses to gather and record information about structure…
Recorded observations.
Quantitative and Qualitative.
Inquiry
An investigation with thoughtful questioning.
Observation
Using senses to gather and record information about structure…
34 terms
Biology Science Shepherd Chapter 2
acid
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
the smallest indivisible building block of matter. Each atom…
the "weight" of an element determined by the addition of the…
a number assigned to every element that corresponds to the nu…
acid
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
atom
the smallest indivisible building block of matter. Each atom…
34 terms
Science Shepherd Biology Chapter 2
acid
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
the smallest, indivisible building block of matter. Each one…
the "quantity of matter" of an atom of an element determined…
a number assigned to every element that corresponds to the nu…
acid
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
atom
the smallest, indivisible building block of matter. Each one…
34 terms
Science Shepherd Biology Chapter 2
acid
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
the smallest, indivisible building block of matter. Each one…
the "quantity of matter" of an atom of an element determined…
a number assigned to every element that corresponds to the nu…
acid
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
atom
the smallest, indivisible building block of matter. Each one…
34 terms
Science Shepherd Biology Chapter 2
acid
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
the smallest, indivisible building block of matter; it is mad…
the "weight" of an element determined by the addition of the…
assigned to every element that corresponds to the number of p…
acid
a solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions t…
atom
the smallest, indivisible building block of matter; it is mad…
9 terms
Chapter 2 Section 1 Science
mass
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
a measure the amount of matter in an object
the ability to cause change
energy an object has due to its motion
energy stored in an object because of its position
mass
a measure the amount of matter in an object
energy
the ability to cause change
34 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 2: sections 1 and 2
abiotic factor
autotroph
biological community
biomass
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
all the interacting populations in the same geographic locati…
total mass of living matter at each trophic level.
abiotic factor
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
autotroph
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
6 terms
Science Chapter 2, Section 1
biosphere
ecosystem
ecology
population
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
ecosystem
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
22 terms
Biology A Chapter 2 Section 2-1, 2-2
atom
nucleus
electrons
protons
Basic unit of matter
Center of an atom
Negatively charged particles... moves around the nucleus
*Positively charged particles... *Found in the nucleus... *same mas…
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
Center of an atom
20 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 Section 1 & 2
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
9 terms
Chapter 2: The Science of Biology
Observation
Data
Inference
Generalization
The Use of Senses.
Recorded Observations.
A Logical Conclusion based on Observation.
The process of taking many specific observations and combinin…
Observation
The Use of Senses.
Data
Recorded Observations.
20 terms
glencoe science biology chapter 2 vocab
ecology
biosphere
abiotic factors
biotic factors
the study of interactions that take place between organisms a…
the portion of the earth that supports living things
the nonliving parts of an organisms environment
all the living organisms that inhabit an environment
ecology
the study of interactions that take place between organisms a…
biosphere
the portion of the earth that supports living things
11 terms
Chapter 2: The Science of Biology
Observation
Data
Inference
Generalization
Use of the senses to gather and record information about stru…
Recorded observations or items of information
Logical conclusion based on observations
General conclusion
Observation
Use of the senses to gather and record information about stru…
Data
Recorded observations or items of information
51 terms
biology for science majors chapter 2,3
matter
element
compound
molecule
anything composed of atoms
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
2 or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
matter
anything composed of atoms
element
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons.
13 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
organism
energy
stimulus
offspring
A living thing
Ability to do work
A signal to which an organism responds
Product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or mo…
organism
A living thing
energy
Ability to do work
14 terms
Chapter 2: The Science of Biology
Scientific Inquiry
observation
Data
discovery science
people asking questions about what they observe in nature and…
the use of senses to gather and record information about stru…
recorded observations (can be quantitative or qualitative)
type of science that describes natural processes through care…
Scientific Inquiry
people asking questions about what they observe in nature and…
observation
the use of senses to gather and record information about stru…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2
property
organism
kingdom
biology
A quality, attribute, or distinctive feature of anything, esp…
A living thing
One of the five groups into which living things are classified
The study of living things
property
A quality, attribute, or distinctive feature of anything, esp…
organism
A living thing
12 terms
Biology Chapter 2 section 2
Hydrogen bond
Solvent
Cohension
Adhension
weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
dissolving substance in a solution
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
달라붙음, 부착, force of attraction between different kinds of mole…
Hydrogen bond
weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
Solvent
dissolving substance in a solution
35 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
10 terms
Biology chapter 2-2
Life depends on what?
cohesion
hydrogen bond
adhesion
hydrogen bonds in water
the attraction among molecules of a substance
attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
the attraction among molecules of different substances
Life depends on what?
hydrogen bonds in water
cohesion
the attraction among molecules of a substance
51 terms
Science Biology Chapter 2
Monosaccharide
Fatty acid
Amino acid
Positive
Carbohydrates monomers
Lipids monomer
Proteins monomer
Proton Charge
Monosaccharide
Carbohydrates monomers
Fatty acid
Lipids monomer
21 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
14 terms
Science Chapter 2 Biology
Abiotic
Atmosphere
Biotic
Carbon Cycle
Devoid of life
The gas surrounding Earth or another planet
Living
The series of processes where carbon dioxide interacts with t…
Abiotic
Devoid of life
Atmosphere
The gas surrounding Earth or another planet
14 terms
Chapter 2: The Science of Biology
Scientific Inquiry
observation
Data
discovery science
people asking questions about what they observe in nature and…
the use of senses to gather and record information about stru…
recorded observations (can be quantitative or qualitative)
type of science that describes natural processes through care…
Scientific Inquiry
people asking questions about what they observe in nature and…
observation
the use of senses to gather and record information about stru…
75 terms
Biology: Science for Life Chapter 2
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Water
Element
All of the physical and chemical reactions that produce and u…
The steady state condition an organism works to maintain.
One molecule of this consists of one oxygen and two hydrogen…
A substance that cannot be broken down into any other substan…
Metabolism
All of the physical and chemical reactions that produce and u…
Homeostasis
The steady state condition an organism works to maintain.
6 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2-Science
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Dissolve
The main fuel that is used for cell activities
A chain of small molecules that makes up protein in a cell
A molecule in a cell that is made out of sugar and that is us…
To cause something to break up into small pieces
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The main fuel that is used for cell activities
Amino Acid
A chain of small molecules that makes up protein in a cell
28 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 2- Earth Science
Habitat
Basalt
Continental drift
Pangaea
The natural environment where an organism lives
The dark-colored rock that forms the sea floor, or oceanic cr…
The movement of continental masses on the surface of the earth
The single large land mass, or supercontinent, that broke up…
Habitat
The natural environment where an organism lives
Basalt
The dark-colored rock that forms the sea floor, or oceanic cr…
20 terms
Science 7 Chapter 2 Section 1 & 2
pigments
heterotroph
autotroph
stomata
Colored chemical compounds that absorb light
An organism that cannot make its own food
An organism that makes its own food
Small openings on the undersides of the leaves
pigments
Colored chemical compounds that absorb light
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food
8 terms
Science Chapter 2 Section 2
Hardness
MOHs Scale
Luster
Specific Gravity
How easily a material can be scratched
A scale of the hardness of 10 minerals
The way a mineral reflects light
A ratio of the mineral's weight compared to an equal volume o…
Hardness
How easily a material can be scratched
MOHs Scale
A scale of the hardness of 10 minerals
9 terms
Science Section 2 Chapter 2
Weathering
Erosion
Uniformitarianism
Mechanical weathering
Process that breaks down rock and substances on earth's surfa…
Transportation of sediment by wind , water, ice, Gravity
Principle stating same processes from long ago are the same t…
Weathering in which rock is physically broken
Weathering
Process that breaks down rock and substances on earth's surfa…
Erosion
Transportation of sediment by wind , water, ice, Gravity
12 terms
Chapter 2: science of biology
observation
data
inference
generalization
using senses to gather information
recorded observations
logical conclusion based on observations
specific observations to reach a general conclusion
observation
using senses to gather information
data
recorded observations
11 terms
Chapter 2: The Science Of Biology
Observation
Data
Inference
Generalization
The use of senses to gather information about structures or p…
Recorded observations
A logical conclusion based on observations
When scientist put together many specific observations to rea…
Observation
The use of senses to gather information about structures or p…
Data
Recorded observations
25 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
Adaptation
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cellular respiration
a trait that makes a living thing better able to survive
a basic unit of all living things
the cell part that gives the cell shape and holds the cytoplasm
the process by which food is broken down and energy is released
Adaptation
a trait that makes a living thing better able to survive
Cell
a basic unit of all living things
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono-sac-charide
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
compounds made up of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, usually in…
3 kinds of single sugar molecules:... glucose... galactose (milk)... f…
monomer
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
polymer
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
30 terms
Chapter 2 - Biology 102
Biology definition:
The seven properties of life
--Life's levels
The Three Domains of life:
the science of life or living matter in all its forms and phe…
1-Order: the shape and the structure ... 2-Regulation: the envir…
1-Biosphere, 2-Ecosystem, 3-communities, 4-populations, 5-org…
1-Bacteria: have prokaryotic cells ... 2- Archaea: have prokaryo…
Biology definition:
the science of life or living matter in all its forms and phe…
The seven properties of life
1-Order: the shape and the structure ... 2-Regulation: the envir…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Science Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chlorophyll
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
an organism that makes its own food.
an organism that cannot make its own food
the main pigment for photosynthesis in chloroplast
Photosynthesis
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
Autotroph
an organism that makes its own food.
22 terms
Science chapter 2 section 2
intrusive igneous rock
extrusive igneous rock
felsic rock
mafic rock
igneous rock formed from the cooling and solidification of ma…
igneous rock that forms from lava or magma that erupts the Ea…
light-colored igneous rocks rich in elements such as aluminum…
dark-colored igneous rocks rich in calcium, iron, and magnesium
intrusive igneous rock
igneous rock formed from the cooling and solidification of ma…
extrusive igneous rock
igneous rock that forms from lava or magma that erupts the Ea…
11 terms
Chapter 2- The science of Biology
Observation
Data
Inference
Generalization
Use of the senses together and record information about struc…
evidence or information gathered from observations
Logical conclusion based on observations
General conclusion
Observation
Use of the senses together and record information about struc…
Data
evidence or information gathered from observations
9 terms
Biology- Chapter 2: Section 1
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atom
the basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
34 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
A large molecule consisting of many repeating chemical units…
Broken down to simple sugars... Are a group of compounds made of…
Fats... Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and w…
monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
polymer
A large molecule consisting of many repeating chemical units…
19 terms
Fund Biology/ Science Chapter 2 Section 3 and 4.
How many does Carbon valence electrons?
No other elements have?
Polymerization
Polymers
Four.
Carbon's versatility.
Made of thousands of smaller molecules formed by the process…
Monomers (small molecules/single molecules) join to it.
How many does Carbon valence electrons?
Four.
No other elements have?
Carbon's versatility.
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
20 terms
Science 7 Chapter 2 Section 1 & 2
photosynthesis
pigments
heterotroph
autotroph
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
Colored chemical compounds that absorb light
An organism that cannot make its own food
An organism that makes its own food
photosynthesis
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
pigments
Colored chemical compounds that absorb light
13 terms
Chapter 2, Section 2 and 3 Science
producer
consumer
herbivores
carnivores
organisms that use an outside energy source like the Sun to m…
organisms that cannot make their own energy-rich molecules
vegetarians... rabbits, deer, koalas,
meat eaters... frogs, spiders, tigers
producer
organisms that use an outside energy source like the Sun to m…
consumer
organisms that cannot make their own energy-rich molecules
12 terms
BJU Science 5 chapter 2 section 2
Definition of paleontology
Definition of excavation
Step 1 in excavating a fossil
Step 2 in excavating a fossil
Scientific study of fossils
Process of removing a fossil from the rock and other material…
Photograph the site
Make a detailed map of the site
Definition of paleontology
Scientific study of fossils
Definition of excavation
Process of removing a fossil from the rock and other material…
Science Shepard Biology Chapter 2
Proton
Polar Bond
Octet Rule
Nucleus
A positively charged subatomic particle that is located in th…
A covalent bond resulting in electrons being slightly more at…
The property of chemical bonding that results in eight electr…
The center part of the atom that contains protons and neutrons
Proton
A positively charged subatomic particle that is located in th…
Polar Bond
A covalent bond resulting in electrons being slightly more at…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
a negatively charged particle electrons are in constant motio…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom;…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2-3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A small unit that can join together with other small units to…
Any large compound that is made of a combination of monomers
a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; majo…
A single sugar molecule
monomer
A small unit that can join together with other small units to…
polymer
Any large compound that is made of a combination of monomers
8 terms
Chapter 2, Sections 1 & 2: Tools of Earth Science
Meter
Area
Mass
Volume
the basic unit of length in the SI
a measure of the size of a surface or a region
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
a measure of the size of a body or region in a three-dimensio…
Meter
the basic unit of length in the SI
Area
a measure of the size of a surface or a region
12 terms
BJU Science 5- Chapter 2 section one
Fossil
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Any part or trace of a living thing organism that is naturall…
a fossil formed when a living of a living organism decayed an…
the imprint of an organism that has been pressed into a rock.
a copy of the shape of an organism created by sediment fillin…
Fossil
Any part or trace of a living thing organism that is naturall…
Petrified Fossil
a fossil formed when a living of a living organism decayed an…
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