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Study sets matching "chapter 2 computer info"

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Study sets matching "chapter 2 computer info"

67 terms
Computers & Info Tech Chapter 2
Where did the internet originate?
What two main goals did the internet h…
Broadband internet connections
DSL (digital subscriber line)
Originated as ARPANET with the US Department of Defense in Se…
1. Allow scientists at different physical locations to share…
...
-Wired broadband connection... -Provides high-speed Internet con…
Where did the internet originate?
Originated as ARPANET with the US Department of Defense in Se…
What two main goals did the internet h…
1. Allow scientists at different physical locations to share…
52 terms
Computers and Info Tech Chapter 2
The Internet (the net)
3 most common Internet services
Evolution of the Internet
2 Goals of ARPANET
a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of bus…
World Wide Web, electronic mail (or email), and VoIP
-has its roots in a networking project started by an agency o…
-to allow scientists at different physical locations to share…
The Internet (the net)
a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of bus…
3 most common Internet services
World Wide Web, electronic mail (or email), and VoIP
54 terms
Chapter 2 Computers and Info Tech
Internet
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)
Host/Server
Wireless Modem
Collection of networks that connects millions of businesses,…
1. Allowed scientist at different physical locations to share…
Any computer that provides services and connections to other…
Uses cellular radio network to provide internet connections (…
Internet
Collection of networks that connects millions of businesses,…
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)
1. Allowed scientist at different physical locations to share…
50 terms
CISB 11 -Computer Info Systems (Ch 2)
Arithmetic/Logic Unit (ALU)
ASCII (American Standard Code for Info…
Binary numbering system
Bit
The part of the CPU that performs logical operations & intege…
A fixed-length, binary coding system widely used to represent…
The numbering system that represents all numbers using just t…
The smallest unit of data a digital computer can recognize; r…
Arithmetic/Logic Unit (ALU)
The part of the CPU that performs logical operations & intege…
ASCII (American Standard Code for Info…
A fixed-length, binary coding system widely used to represent…
26 terms
info chapter 2
Business processes:
Examples of functional business proces…
Information technology enhances busine…
Transaction processing systems
-Flows of material, information, knowledge... -Sets of activitie…
-Manufacturing and production... Assembling the product... -Sales a…
-Increasing efficiency of existing processes... Automating steps…
-Serve operational managers and staff... -Perform and record dai…
Business processes:
-Flows of material, information, knowledge... -Sets of activitie…
Examples of functional business proces…
-Manufacturing and production... Assembling the product... -Sales a…
17 terms
computer info- chapter 10
acronym
ENIAC
digital
analog
first letter of each word split together to make one word (EX…
electronic numerical integrator & computer
any computer that works by changing bits & bytes
a computer that runs by constantly measuring changing values
acronym
first letter of each word split together to make one word (EX…
ENIAC
electronic numerical integrator & computer
35 terms
Chapter 2, Computer Organisations
CPU (central processing unit)
CU (central unit)
ALU (arythmetic logic unit)
register
its the brain of the computer which controls retrieval of ins…
provides ALU with data/instructions
performes arithmetic/logical/input/output operations
small storage location that can hold data thus speeds up the…
CPU (central processing unit)
its the brain of the computer which controls retrieval of ins…
CU (central unit)
provides ALU with data/instructions
56 terms
Chapter 2 INFO
Information security performs four imp…
Protecting the Functionality of an... Org…
Enabling the Safe Operation of... Applica…
Protecting Data that Organizations... Col…
- Protects ability to function... - Enables safe operation of ap…
• Management (general and IT) responsible for... implementation…
• Organization needs environments that safeguard... applications…
• Organization, without data, loses its record of... transaction…
Information security performs four imp…
- Protects ability to function... - Enables safe operation of ap…
Protecting the Functionality of an... Org…
• Management (general and IT) responsible for... implementation…
30 terms
INFO chapter 2
business intelligence
chief information officer (CIO)
chief knowledge officer (CKO)
chief privacy officer (CPO)
Applications & technologies to help users make better busines…
Senior manager in charge of the information systems function…
Senior executive in charge of the organization's knowledge ma…
Responsible for ensuring the company complies with existing d…
business intelligence
Applications & technologies to help users make better busines…
chief information officer (CIO)
Senior manager in charge of the information systems function…
25 terms
Chapter 2 Study Info
civilization
The Fertile Cresent
Had to much or to little water
irrigation systems
Complex and organized sosiaty within a culture
Most is Mesopotamia good soil
What problems did the Mesopotamian farmers face?
How did they solve the water problems?
civilization
Complex and organized sosiaty within a culture
The Fertile Cresent
Most is Mesopotamia good soil
42 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
CPU
Transistors
RAM
ROM
-Central processing unit... -made of millions of semi conductor…
combined to form logical devices called gates
-Random access memory ... -Primary storage... -"random-access" mean…
-Read only memory... -holds initialization and hardware diagnost…
CPU
-Central processing unit... -made of millions of semi conductor…
Transistors
combined to form logical devices called gates
91 terms
Computer Science Chapter 2
programmer
antispam software
trojan horse
worm
a person who writes computer software programs also called so…
a program that blocks spam, or electronic junk mail, from an…
a type of malware disguised as a useful program or app
a self-replicating program that consumes system resources
programmer
a person who writes computer software programs also called so…
antispam software
a program that blocks spam, or electronic junk mail, from an…
29 terms
INFO 350 - Chapter 2
data
bit
0 or 1
byte
raw facts; basic numbers and characters that are manipulated…
shortening of the words "Binary digIT"
binary digit can hold one of two values:
8-bit combination representing a computer memory
data
raw facts; basic numbers and characters that are manipulated…
bit
shortening of the words "Binary digIT"
72 terms
Info Systems and Computer Applications CLEP CH2
The Cycle that defines computers as pr…
What is the meaning of IPOS?
Allows computers to perform specific t…
The physical component of a computer s…
IPOS... (Input, Process, Output, Storage)
Input. Process. Output. Storage.
Software.
Hardware
The Cycle that defines computers as pr…
IPOS... (Input, Process, Output, Storage)
What is the meaning of IPOS?
Input. Process. Output. Storage.
10 terms
INFO 360 Chapter 2
business intelligence
management information systems
executive support systems
customer relationship management
ESS, DSS, and MIS systems all fall under the generic term of​…
​________________ focus(es) on providing decision making data…
Creating a new system that provides charts and graphs to assi…
Systems designed to help maintain and improve customer data a…
business intelligence
ESS, DSS, and MIS systems all fall under the generic term of​…
management information systems
​________________ focus(es) on providing decision making data…
45 terms
Computer chapter 2
Network
Information Superhighway
Internet (Net)
Internet Service Provider
Is two or more computers or other devices (such as a printer)…
Term made popular in the 90s by Vice president Al Gore who re…
Global network that links together other networks such as gov…
(ISP) Company that provides Internet access to homes and busi…
Network
Is two or more computers or other devices (such as a printer)…
Information Superhighway
Term made popular in the 90s by Vice president Al Gore who re…
15 terms
Chapter 2 Computer Vocab
digital data
files
save or store
hard drive
information that is stored in files on a computer
digital information in a form that can be read by a computer
to copy a document, record or image being worked on to a stor…
most common storage device inside a computer
digital data
information that is stored in files on a computer
files
digital information in a form that can be read by a computer
36 terms
Chapter 2 INFO 162
Three types of cell references
Relative cell reference
Absolute cell reference
Mixed Cell Reference $B4 or B$4
$A$1 Absolute... A1 Relative... $A1 mixed or A$1... $ indicates that t…
indicates a cell's relative location from the cell containing…
provide a permanent reference to a specific cell
Combines an absolute cell reference with a relative cell refe…
Three types of cell references
$A$1 Absolute... A1 Relative... $A1 mixed or A$1... $ indicates that t…
Relative cell reference
indicates a cell's relative location from the cell containing…
10 terms
Computer chapter 2
Formula auto complete list
Purpose
Status bar
Esc
Typing =av in a cell
The function of the worksheet is to provide a user with direc…
You can click the page layout view button to switch to page l…
The key to quit rangefinder
Formula auto complete list
Typing =av in a cell
Purpose
The function of the worksheet is to provide a user with direc…
60 terms
Info Tech Chapter 2
Business Pressures, Organizational Res…
Business Pressures
Market Pressures (3)
Thomas Freidman: Ten Flatteners
Competitive Advantage... Business Environment... Business Pressures…
Market Pressures... Technology Pressures... Societal/Political/Lega…
Globalization... Changing Nature of the Workforce... Powerful Custo…
Fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989 ... Netscape goes pu…
Business Pressures, Organizational Res…
Competitive Advantage... Business Environment... Business Pressures…
Business Pressures
Market Pressures... Technology Pressures... Societal/Political/Lega…
36 terms
Info 360 Chapter 2
business
Four basic business functions
Five Basic Business Entities
business processes
formal organization that makes products or provides a service…
Manufacturing and production... Sales and marketing... Finance and…
Suppliers... Customers... Employees... Invoices/payments... Products and…
Logically related set of tasks that define how specific busin…
business
formal organization that makes products or provides a service…
Four basic business functions
Manufacturing and production... Sales and marketing... Finance and…
21 terms
info tech chapter 2
Adware
AutoComplete
client
Client/server computing
Spyware that gathers info and then uses the info to deliver t…
A feature that completes URLS for previously viewed web pages
Application that runs on computers and request resources or s…
Interaction between web server and web browser
Adware
Spyware that gathers info and then uses the info to deliver t…
AutoComplete
A feature that completes URLS for previously viewed web pages
46 terms
Info 360 chapter 2
4 basic business functions
Definition of a business
5 basic business entities
Business Processes
1. Manufacturing and production... 2. Sales and marketing... 3. Fin…
formal organization that makes products or provides a service…
1. Suppliers... 2. Customers... 3. Employees... 4. Invoices/payments... 5…
Logically related set of tasks that define how specific busin…
4 basic business functions
1. Manufacturing and production... 2. Sales and marketing... 3. Fin…
Definition of a business
formal organization that makes products or provides a service…
55 terms
info 3130 chapter 2
business
Separation of Business Functions
5 basic business entities
Information Systems enable firms to:
a formal organization that makes products or provides a servi…
-Manufacturing & Production... -Sales & Marketing... -Finance & Acc…
1.Suppliers... 2. Customers... 3. Employees... 4. Invoices/Payments... 5.…
Manage all of their information:... -Suppliers, Customers, Emplo…
business
a formal organization that makes products or provides a servi…
Separation of Business Functions
-Manufacturing & Production... -Sales & Marketing... -Finance & Acc…
101 terms
INFO 160 chapter 2
4 major functions of computer
input
process
output
input process output storage
gather/enter data
manipulates calculates and organizes data
displays data and info
4 major functions of computer
input process output storage
input
gather/enter data
17 terms
chapter 1 computer info
affective computing
augmented reality
cognititive surplus
collaborative consumption
a type of computing that relates to emotion or that deliberat…
a combination of our normal sense of the objects around us wi…
the combination of leisure time and the tools needed to be cr…
joining together as a group to use a specific product more ef…
affective computing
a type of computing that relates to emotion or that deliberat…
augmented reality
a combination of our normal sense of the objects around us wi…
72 terms
Info Systems and Computer Applications CLEP CH2
The Cycle that defines computers as pr…
What is the meaning of IPOS?
Allows computers to perform specific t…
The physical components of a computer…
IPOS... (Input, Process, Output, Storage)
Input. Process. Output. Storage.
Software.
Hardware
The Cycle that defines computers as pr…
IPOS... (Input, Process, Output, Storage)
What is the meaning of IPOS?
Input. Process. Output. Storage.
22 terms
Info Tech Chapter 2
Adware
AutoComplete
Client
Client/Server Computing
A form of spyware that gathers information and then uses that…
A feature that completes URL's for previously visited web pag…
Application that runs on a computer and requests resources or…
Interaction between a web browser and a web server.
Adware
A form of spyware that gathers information and then uses that…
AutoComplete
A feature that completes URL's for previously visited web pag…
Info Tech Chapter 2
Instruction
Scenario/ Problem Statement
Storyboard
Implement
An action to be performed
A description of the story, game, or animation.
Design approach used to create a solution to a problem, or pl…
Writing the program code
Instruction
An action to be performed
Scenario/ Problem Statement
A description of the story, game, or animation.
21 terms
Info Chapter 2
Purposes of the Dietary Guidlines
5 Messages from the Dietary Guidlines
benefits of following the Dietary guid…
1 c fruit=
Help achieve and maintain a healthy body weight, support nutr…
1. Follow a healthy eating pattern across the lifespan ... 2. Fo…
1. Health... 2. Longevity... 3. Economic
1 c fresh, frozen, canned, or cooked fruit... 1/2 c dried fruit…
Purposes of the Dietary Guidlines
Help achieve and maintain a healthy body weight, support nutr…
5 Messages from the Dietary Guidlines
1. Follow a healthy eating pattern across the lifespan ... 2. Fo…
33 terms
Chapter 2 info
superficial
deep
superior
inferior
toward the surface of the body
inside the body away from the surface
closer to the head
farther away from the head
superficial
toward the surface of the body
deep
inside the body away from the surface
24 terms
Info Chapter 2
Business Strategy
Competitive advantage
First-mover advantage
Competitive intelligence
A leadership plan that achieves specific set of goals or obje…
A product or service that an organization's customers place a…
Occurs when an organization can significantly impact its mark…
The process of gathering information about the competitive en…
Business Strategy
A leadership plan that achieves specific set of goals or obje…
Competitive advantage
A product or service that an organization's customers place a…
28 terms
Info. Tech Chapter 2 Word 2007
Removing a selected item from a docume…
One blank line between each line of te…
Text printed at the top of each page.
Key used to delete text.
Cutting
Double space
Header
Backspace
Removing a selected item from a docume…
Cutting
One blank line between each line of te…
Double space
29 terms
Info 364 Chapter 2
Entity-Relationship Model
business rule
Term
fact
A logical representation of the data for an organization nor…
a statement that defines or constrains some aspect of the bus…
a word or phrase that has a specific meaning for the business
an association between two or more terms
Entity-Relationship Model
A logical representation of the data for an organization nor…
business rule
a statement that defines or constrains some aspect of the bus…
7 terms
Chapter 2 info
grasslands
mountains
desert
arctic ice fields
simpler to live in
Easy to live in, lots of water, trees, animals, mild environm…
very hot region, little water, hard to live in
Very cold region, hard to live in
grasslands
simpler to live in
mountains
Easy to live in, lots of water, trees, animals, mild environm…
28 terms
Info Chapter 2
Business Processes
Data Workers
Knowledge Workers
Middle Management
logically related set of activities that defines how specific…
administrative work. secretaries, clerks
design products/services and create new knowledge for the fir…
carries out the programs and plans of senior mgmt
Business Processes
logically related set of activities that defines how specific…
Data Workers
administrative work. secretaries, clerks
39 terms
Chapter 2- Computer Hardware
The main circuit board inside the syst…
Hard drives and CD drives are types of…
A computer bit is made of 8 bytes of 0…
Biometrics is the science of identifyi…
True
False
False
True
The main circuit board inside the syst…
True
Hard drives and CD drives are types of…
False
34 terms
Chapter 2: Terms & Info
Economic Integration:
Global competitors have __________ or…
____________ have replaced trade as th…
____________ has become uncoupled from…
- Early 20th century = 10%... - Today = 50%
displaced, absorbed
Capital movements
Production
Economic Integration:
- Early 20th century = 10%... - Today = 50%
Global competitors have __________ or…
displaced, absorbed
44 terms
Computer info test 2
LAN
WAN
DSL
WWW
Local area network
Wide area network
Digital subscriber line
World wide web
LAN
Local area network
WAN
Wide area network
45 terms
Computer Concept Chapter 2
Blu-ray
Card reader
Benchmarks
Color depth
A high-capacity storage technology that stores up to 25 GB pe…
A device that can be used to read and record data on solid st…
A set of tests used to measure computer hardware or software…
The number of bits that determines the range of possible colo…
Blu-ray
A high-capacity storage technology that stores up to 25 GB pe…
Card reader
A device that can be used to read and record data on solid st…
65 terms
Chapter 2 Info
application program interface
arithmetic/logic unit
blade server
bus
the interface that allows applications to make use of the ope…
portion of the CPU that performs mathematical calculations an…
a server that houses many individual computer motherboards
a set of physical connections that can be shared by multiple…
application program interface
the interface that allows applications to make use of the ope…
arithmetic/logic unit
portion of the CPU that performs mathematical calculations an…
8 terms
Chapter 2 Info
Living things are composed of ___
Living things ____ and ____ to changes…
Living things produce offspring though…
The cells of living things contain _____
One or more cells
Sense, Respond, Enviroment
Sexual reproduction or asexual reproduction
DNA
Living things are composed of ___
One or more cells
Living things ____ and ____ to changes…
Sense, Respond, Enviroment
45 terms
Computer Concept Chapter 2
Blu-ray
Card reader
Benchmarks
Color depth
A high-capacity storage technology that stores up to 25 GB pe…
A device that can be used to read and record data on solid st…
A set of tests used to measure computer hardware or software…
The number of bits that determines the range of possible colo…
Blu-ray
A high-capacity storage technology that stores up to 25 GB pe…
Card reader
A device that can be used to read and record data on solid st…
15 terms
Info Chapter 2
Transaction Processing System (TPS)
Business Intelligence
Business Intelligence Systems
Management Information Systems (MIS)
a computerized system that performs and records the daily rou…
contemporary term for data and software tools for organizing,…
(1) Management Information Systems... (2) Decisions Support Syst…
Provides pre-specified reports, answers to routine questions…
Transaction Processing System (TPS)
a computerized system that performs and records the daily rou…
Business Intelligence
contemporary term for data and software tools for organizing,…
54 terms
Chapter 2 Info
cell membrane
nucleus
chromosomes
genes
surrounds and protects cell and regulates what passes into an…
controls the operations of the cell
rod-like structures within cell, 23 pairs in human body
several thousand found in chromosomes that contain DNA
cell membrane
surrounds and protects cell and regulates what passes into an…
nucleus
controls the operations of the cell
35 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab & Info
culture
material culture
nonmaterial culture
culture shock
language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even materia…
material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as…
a group's ways of thinking (including its beliefs, values) an…
disorientation that people experience when they come in conta…
culture
language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even materia…
material culture
material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as…
10 terms
Chapter 2 info
3 stages of prenatal development
Germinal Stage
Embryo Stage
Fetal Stage
Germinal, Embryo, Fetal
Start: conception End: attachment to uterine wall... (0-2weeks)…
Start: Attachment to uterine wall End: formation of bone cell…
Start:Formation of bones End: birth (8-38wks)... -growth, moveme…
3 stages of prenatal development
Germinal, Embryo, Fetal
Germinal Stage
Start: conception End: attachment to uterine wall... (0-2weeks)…
39 terms
INFO chapter 2
business practices
four major functions of business
the order fulfillment process
senior management
the unique ways in which organizations coordinate and organiz…
manufacturing and production, sales and marketing, human reso…
fulfilling a customer order involves a complex set of steps t…
people occupying the topmost hierarchy in an organization who…
business practices
the unique ways in which organizations coordinate and organiz…
four major functions of business
manufacturing and production, sales and marketing, human reso…
17 terms
CH2 - Computer Concepts INFO160
Byte
Bit
Binary Language
Kilobyte (KB)
a term used to represent 8 bits of data. One can hold about o…
short for binary digit. each one represents a 0 or 1
computers use this to process data; consists of the digits 0…
about 1,000 bytes
Byte
a term used to represent 8 bits of data. One can hold about o…
Bit
short for binary digit. each one represents a 0 or 1
25 terms
Computer Apps Word Chapter 2
Automatic page breaks
First line indent
Header
Line spacing
word automatically inserts this as your document exceeds one…
This will indent the first line of each paragraph
Text and graphics that print the top of each page
Amount of vertical space between lines of text in a paragraph
Automatic page breaks
word automatically inserts this as your document exceeds one…
First line indent
This will indent the first line of each paragraph
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