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Study sets matching "chapter 2 earth science"

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Study sets matching "chapter 2 earth science"

35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
matter
operational definition
pure substances
mixtures
Anything that has mass and takes up space
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Elements and Compounds
a physical combination of substances that can still be sepera…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
operational definition
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
25 terms
Chapter 2 Earth Science
Earth's Revolution
Parallax
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
The motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
Earth's position around June 21, at which the northern hemisp…
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
Earth's Revolution
The motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
Parallax
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
atmosphere
cryosphere
hydrosphere
biosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
all the water on the surface of the earth.
all of the living things on the earth.
atmosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
cryosphere
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
22 terms
Glencoe earth science chapter 2
Matter
Element
Atom
Protons
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Form of matter containing only one type of atom
A building block of matter
Positively charged particles inside the nucleus of an atom
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
Form of matter containing only one type of atom
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Maps
map
reference point
axis
cardinal directions
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
an imaginary line that runs through the Earth and on which th…
N, S, E, W
map
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
reference point
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
...
...
...
...
Matter
...
Atom
...
Earth Science Chapter 2
asteroid
comet
inner planets
meteor
a small rocky body orbiting the sun
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
A streak of light in the sky produced by the burning of a met…
asteroid
a small rocky body orbiting the sun
comet
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
mineral
organic rock
metamorphic rock
cementation
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposit…
Rock that forms from an existing rock due to heat, pressure,…
Process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue part…
mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
organic rock
Sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposit…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
topographic map
map scale
gnomonic projection
contour interval
map that uses contour lines, symbols, and color to show chang…
ratio between the distances shown on a map and the actual dis…
map useful in plotting long-distance trips by boat or plane,…
difference in elevation between two side by side contour line…
topographic map
map that uses contour lines, symbols, and color to show chang…
map scale
ratio between the distances shown on a map and the actual dis…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a region of an atom in which electrons of the same energy are…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
atmosphere
cryosphere
hydrosphere
biosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
all the water on the surface of the earth.
all of the living things on the earth.
atmosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
cryosphere
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
21 terms
Chapter 2 - Earth Science
coordinate system
equator
longitude
Prime Meridian
a grid system used to identify location. Latitude + longitude…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
Distance east or west of the prime meridian
An imaginary line passing through the Royal Observatory in Gr…
coordinate system
a grid system used to identify location. Latitude + longitude…
equator
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2: Minerals Vocabulary
Element
Atomic number
Energy level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Terms
element
energy level
mass number
chemical bond
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
Regions in which electrons can be found.
Found by adding protons and neutrons together. Given as an av…
An attraction that forms between atoms that is not easily bro…
element
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
energy level
Regions in which electrons can be found.
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Mapping Our World
cartography
equator
latitude
longitude
science of mapmaking
imaginary line that lies at 0 degrees latitude and circles th…
distance in degrees north and south of the equator; they RUN…
distance in degrees east and west of the prime meridian; they…
cartography
science of mapmaking
equator
imaginary line that lies at 0 degrees latitude and circles th…
68 terms
CCS Earth Science Chapter 2
Geology
crust
sediments
oxygen
the study of the earth
earth's outer layer made of solid rock, on average 22mi thick…
deposits of sand, mineral fragments, or organic material usua…
the most abundant element in the earth's crust
Geology
the study of the earth
crust
earth's outer layer made of solid rock, on average 22mi thick…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 - Vocabulary
Rotation
Axis
Standard Time Zone
Grid
Spinning of the earth
Imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
Area that has the same clock time
Set of horizontal and vertical lines on a map
Rotation
Spinning of the earth
Axis
Imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Maps
map
reference point
axis
cardinal directions
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
an imaginary line that runs through the Earth and on which th…
N, S, E, W
map
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
reference point
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
14 terms
EArth Science chapter 2
equator
International Date Line
latitude
longitude
Imaginary line that circles the Earth halfway between the nor…
Imaginary line through the Pacific Ocean at 180 degrees longi…
distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees. L…
Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian measured in degre…
equator
Imaginary line that circles the Earth halfway between the nor…
International Date Line
Imaginary line through the Pacific Ocean at 180 degrees longi…
Earth Science Chapter 2 Minerals
Element
Electron
Proton
Neutron
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
An element particle with a negative charge that is not locate…
A positively charged element particle that is located in the…
An element particle having no charge that is located in the n…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Electron
An element particle with a negative charge that is not locate…
30 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
in Earth Science, the layer of rock between the Earth's crust…
the central part of the Earth below the mantle
the solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust an…
Crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Mantle
in Earth Science, the layer of rock between the Earth's crust…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
continent
rotation
axis
North Pole
one of the seven major land areas of the earth
spinning of the earth
imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
point farthest north on the earth
continent
one of the seven major land areas of the earth
rotation
spinning of the earth
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Model of all or part of the earth on a…
Imaginary lines that are used to measu…
Imaginary line that divides the earth…
Relates distance on a map to the real…
map
longitude
equator
Scale
Model of all or part of the earth on a…
map
Imaginary lines that are used to measu…
longitude
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
continental drift
convergent boundary
divergent boundary
geodesy
the large scale movements of continents across E's surface dr…
boundary b/w lithospheric plates where plates move toward eac…
two plates move apart and new lithosphere is created
science of measuring the shape of earth and locating points o…
continental drift
the large scale movements of continents across E's surface dr…
convergent boundary
boundary b/w lithospheric plates where plates move toward eac…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
universe
galaxy
star
moon
Everything that exists throughout space.
A star system that contains large groups of stars.
A gaseous sphere that gives off light and other types of ener…
A large, rocky object that orbits a planet.
universe
Everything that exists throughout space.
galaxy
A star system that contains large groups of stars.
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
anything that has mass and can take up space
tiny building block of matter, made of protons, neutrons, and…
substance that is made of only one type of atom
particle that has a positive charge
Matter
anything that has mass and can take up space
Atom
tiny building block of matter, made of protons, neutrons, and…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
anything that has mass and takes up space.
Matter that is made up of tiny particles.
substances that are made up of one type of atom and cannot be…
particles that have a positive charge
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
Matter that is made up of tiny particles.
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
anything that has mass or takes up space
tiny building block of matter
substance that is made up of only one type of atom
positively charged particle
Matter
anything that has mass or takes up space
Atom
tiny building block of matter
38 terms
Chapter 2 Earth Science Weathering and Soil
mineral
crystal
rock cycle
igneous rock
A natural inorganic solid with a crystal structure and a defi…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
A seriesof precesses on the surface and inside Earth that slo…
A type or fock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
mineral
A natural inorganic solid with a crystal structure and a defi…
crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Sphere (1)
Geosphere (1)
Gravity (1)
Density (1)
A ball shape with all points on the surface at an equal dista…
The solid part of Earth.
An attractive force that exists between all objects that have…
The mass per unit volume of a substance.
Sphere (1)
A ball shape with all points on the surface at an equal dista…
Geosphere (1)
The solid part of Earth.
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
equator
latitude
longitude
prime meridian
An imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from…
East-west lines parallel to the equator used to measure dista…
Imaginary lines running from north to south, used to measure…
An imaginary vertical line which marks the 0° line of longitu…
equator
An imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from…
latitude
East-west lines parallel to the equator used to measure dista…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
a number that includes a unit
a particle of matter
the basic unit of distance in the SI s…
anything that has mass and takes up sp…
measurement
atom
meter
matter
a number that includes a unit
measurement
a particle of matter
atom
108 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 2
tectonic earthquakes
tremor
tsunamis
aftershocks
earthquakes that result from sudden movements of rock beneath…
weak earthquake
giant sea waves
smaller earthquakes or tremors that occur after the earthquake
tectonic earthquakes
earthquakes that result from sudden movements of rock beneath…
tremor
weak earthquake
21 terms
Earth science chapter 2
Cartography
Equator
latitude
longitude
science of making maps
0 degrees latitude
Distance north or south of the equator
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degr…
Cartography
science of making maps
Equator
0 degrees latitude
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
anything that has matter and takes up space
biding block of matter
substance made of only one atom
has positive electric charge
Matter
anything that has matter and takes up space
Atom
biding block of matter
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
anything that has mass or takes up space.
tiny building block of matter, made up of protons, neutrons,…
substance that is made of only one type of atom.
Particle that has a positive electric charge
Matter
anything that has mass or takes up space.
Atom
tiny building block of matter, made up of protons, neutrons,…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
is anything that has mass and takes up space
tiny little particals
are substances that are made up of only one one of atom and c…
are particals that have a positive electric charge
Matter
is anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
tiny little particals
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Continent
Rotation
Axis
North Pole
one of the seven major land areas of the earth
spinning of the earth
imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
point farthest north on the earth
Continent
one of the seven major land areas of the earth
Rotation
spinning of the earth
9 terms
Earth Science chapter 2
mineral
element
crystal
streak
a substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite…
A substance that cannot be broken down into A simpler substan…
A solid substance in which the atoms are arranged in an order…
The color of the mineral powder left behind when in mineral i…
mineral
a substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite…
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into A simpler substan…
29 terms
Glencoe Science Earth Science Chapter 2 Matter
matter
atom
proton
neutron
anything that takes up space and has mass
the tiny particle, having all the characteristics of that ele…
a particle with a positive electrical charge
neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
atom
the tiny particle, having all the characteristics of that ele…
30 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric theory
Ptolemaic theory
eccentric
retrograde motion
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
when a planet is orbiting something but that something is not…
stopping and then backing up
geocentric theory
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
Ptolemaic theory
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
38 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Measurement
Unit
Meter
Atom
is a number that includes a unit
is a specific quantity that is counted to make a measurement
the basic distance unit for the SI Unit system of measument
a particle of matter
Measurement
is a number that includes a unit
Unit
is a specific quantity that is counted to make a measurement
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
atom
element
compound
molecule
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
smallest part of a substance that has all the properties of t…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 vocab/definitions
rock cycle
deposition
erosion
weathering
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The chemical and physical processes that break down rock and…
rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
79 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 2
geology
crust
sediments
seismic waves
study of the earth
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
deposits of sand, mineral fragments, or organic materials usu…
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
geology
study of the earth
crust
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
16 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary-Earth Science
mineral
inorganic
crystal
streak
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
forms from materials that were not part of a living thing.
patterns of the elements always line up in a very specific ma…
the color of the minerals powder.
mineral
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
inorganic
forms from materials that were not part of a living thing.
37 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric theory
Ptolemaic theory
eccentric
retrograde motion
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
when a planet is orbiting something but that something is not…
stopping and then backing up
geocentric theory
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
Ptolemaic theory
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2: Rocks
Mineral
Rock
Rock Cycle
Weathering
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
process in which water, wind, ice and heat, breaks down rock…
Mineral
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite cryst…
Rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
48 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
work
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
a force that acts on an object as it moves through a distance
the ability to do work
depends on the mass of an object and its speed; energy of mot…
depends on an object's mass and distance it could fall; energ…
work
a force that acts on an object as it moves through a distance
energy
the ability to do work
15 terms
Earth Science chapter 2
equator
oxygen
distance between them
solar energy
the diameter of earth is greatest at the
the element that makes up the largest percentage of the atmos…
the gravitational attraction between two abject is determined…
energy can enter the earth system from internal sources throu…
equator
the diameter of earth is greatest at the
oxygen
the element that makes up the largest percentage of the atmos…
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