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Study sets matching "chapter 2 inorganic chemistry"

12 terms
Inorganic chemistry chapter 2
Kelvin vs. Celcius
Significant Figures
Significant figures when +/- and *& /
Precision
T(k)=T(c)+273.15
1.23 +/- 0.01
take the amount of sig figs in smallest figure
Indicates how close to one another repeated measurements are…
Kelvin vs. Celcius
T(k)=T(c)+273.15
Significant Figures
1.23 +/- 0.01
10 terms
Chapter 2: Inorganic Chemistry
Matter
Element
Atom
Atomic Mass
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be further broken down through chemic…
The smallest part of an element that shares the properties of…
The average mass for all the naturally occurring isotopes
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be further broken down through chemic…
15 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocab
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Model
Theory
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Testable statement
More than a physical object; it is often an explanation of ho…
A broad generalization that explains a body of facts or pheno…
Scientific Method
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Hypothesis
Testable statement
8 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 2
Si System
Derived Units
Volume
Density
Standards of measurements (grams, liters, meters)
Combinations of si base units
The amount of space occupied by an object
The ratio of mass to volume or mass divided by volume
Si System
Standards of measurements (grams, liters, meters)
Derived Units
Combinations of si base units
9 terms
Inorganic Chemistry -- Chapter 2
atomic number
mass number
isotopes
atomic mass units
number of protons in a nucleus
sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus
atoms that have same atomic number but different mass numbers
values used in the periodic table
atomic number
number of protons in a nucleus
mass number
sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus
13 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 2
Quantity
SI
Weight
Derived units
Something that has magnitude, size, or amount
Universal science measurement - Le Système International d'Un…
A measure of the gravitational pull on matter
Combinations of SI base units
Quantity
Something that has magnitude, size, or amount
SI
Universal science measurement - Le Système International d'Un…
12 terms
Inorganic chemistry chapter 2
Quantity
SI
Weight
Derived units
Something that has magnitutde, size, or amount
Le Systéme International d'Unités
A measure of the gravitational pull on matter
Combinations of SI base units
Quantity
Something that has magnitutde, size, or amount
SI
Le Systéme International d'Unités
32 terms
Chapter 2 Inorganic Chemistry
Matter
Element
Molecule
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Substance that cannot be broken down into substances with dif…
Union of two or more atoms oft he same element; also, the sma…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down into substances with dif…
50 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 Inorganic Chemistry
chemistry
chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction Formula
catalase
the study of matter and energy
when the product(s) are different than the reactant(s)
A+B------ C... (yields)
an enzyme found in cells
chemistry
the study of matter and energy
chemical reaction
when the product(s) are different than the reactant(s)
14 terms
Chapter 2 Bio inorganic chemistry
Atoms
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Ion
Matter that cannot be subdivided any further without losing i…
Equal to the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Found only in the nucleus
An charged atom who lost or gained one or more electrons
Atoms
Matter that cannot be subdivided any further without losing i…
Atomic number
Equal to the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
65 terms
Thinkwell Chapter 2: Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
Atomic mass
Ion
Orbital
Radioisotope
The average weight of the isotopes of the said atom.
An molecule that has either gained or lost electrons.
A "cloud" in which electrons are most likely to be found. Com…
A radioactive isotope, meaning the atom is actively decaying.
Atomic mass
The average weight of the isotopes of the said atom.
Ion
An molecule that has either gained or lost electrons.
9 terms
Chapter 2 Bio Inorganic Chemistry
matter
an element
How many naturally occurring elements…
Elements are organized into the ______…
substance which occupies space
pure substance considered a building block of matter
There are 92 of these.
Elements are organized into the PERIODIC TABLE, which are bas…
matter
substance which occupies space
an element
pure substance considered a building block of matter
42 terms
inorganic chemistry book chapter 2
ion
Isotopes
outermost electrons involved in chemic…
less energy
a charged particle
differs in the number of neutron
what are valence electrons and why are they important?
products of the chemical reaction have ____ ______ than the r…
ion
a charged particle
Isotopes
differs in the number of neutron
76 terms
A&P1 Chapter 2: Inorganic Chemistry
Element
Minerals
Element Structure
Planetary Model
Simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
Inorganic elements that are extracted from the soil by plants…
Atomic number: the number of protons in its nucleus... Atomic we…
A model of atomic structure similar to planets orbiting the sun
Element
Simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
Minerals
Inorganic elements that are extracted from the soil by plants…
Chapter 2 Inorganic and organic chemistry study sheet
_________ chemistry involves the study…
__________ is the most important inorg…
___________ are ionic compounds that d…
___________ conducts electricity.
Organic
Water
Salts
Electrolytes
_________ chemistry involves the study…
Organic
__________ is the most important inorg…
Water
36 terms
Chapter 2: Chemistry of Life (Inorganic Chemistry)
Atom
Atomic number
How many naturally occurring elements…
How many elements play physiological r…
Simplest form of matter
Number of protons, elements identity
91
24
Atom
Simplest form of matter
Atomic number
Number of protons, elements identity
29 terms
Chapter 2: The Basics of Life - Chemistry (Inorganic Chemistry)
Matter
Element
Atom
Proton
anything that has weight (mass) and occupies space (volume)
matter composed of a single kind of atom
smallest unit of an element that still acts like that element
positive (+)... location - nucleus
Matter
anything that has weight (mass) and occupies space (volume)
Element
matter composed of a single kind of atom
12 terms
Inorganic Chemistry - Ch 2
Aqueous Solution
Water
ATP
Base
Water plus common salt
Compounds most essential to life
Yields energy for muscle contraction
Alkaline compound
Aqueous Solution
Water plus common salt
Water
Compounds most essential to life
Anatomy Chapter 2 Inorganic Chemistry Review
The _______ Rule is the guiding princi…
An _______ bond occurs when electrons…
A positive ion is called a _______ whi…
Sharing electrons between atoms result…
Octet ... 8
Ionic
Cation ... Anion
Covalent
The _______ Rule is the guiding princi…
Octet ... 8
An _______ bond occurs when electrons…
Ionic
A&P Chapter 2: Inorganic Chemistry
Matter
States of matter
Solid
Liquid
Anything that has mass and takes up space
solid, liquid, and gas
Has definite shape and volume
Has definite volume, changeable shape
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
States of matter
solid, liquid, and gas
25 terms
Chapter 2 Inorganic Chemistry Study Guide
Define atom and tell whether they can…
What is the center of an atom called a…
How does the charge of a proton differ…
Where is most of the mass of an atom c…
Smallest unit of matter that still has the properties of an e…
Nucleus which contains protons and neutrons.
Protons are positive and neutrons are neutral.
Nucleus
Define atom and tell whether they can…
Smallest unit of matter that still has the properties of an e…
What is the center of an atom called a…
Nucleus which contains protons and neutrons.
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Inorganic Chemistry
matter
mass
Explain how atoms bond together to for…
Identify the principal chemical elemen…
anything that occupies space
weight
the outer valence shells try to fill up
hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen
matter
anything that occupies space
mass
weight
79 terms
Chapter 2: Chemistry 1 ( Basic and Inorganic)
Matter
Weight (Mass)
Under the influence of gravity on the…
Compositon of matter
Anything that occupies space and mass (weight) ... Can exist as…
We quantify the amount of a substance by its mass.
Weight
1. Elements ... 2. Atoms
Matter
Anything that occupies space and mass (weight) ... Can exist as…
Weight (Mass)
We quantify the amount of a substance by its mass.
40 terms
Chapter 2 Parts 5-7: Inorganic Chemistry
Inorganic
Organic
Inorganic compounds
Organic compounds
do not contain carbon-hydrogen bonds
have carbon-hydrogen bonds
water, salts, acids, bases, oxygen gas, carbon dioxide
carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, enzymes
Inorganic
do not contain carbon-hydrogen bonds
Organic
have carbon-hydrogen bonds
87 terms
Chapter 2: Review of Inorganic Chemistry For Biologists
Matter
atom
Protons
Electrons
anything that takes up space and has mas. All things are comp…
the basic unit of matter
have a positive charge and a mass of one atomic mass unit.
have a negative charge. The mass of an electron isn't zero, b…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mas. All things are comp…
atom
the basic unit of matter
26 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- Chemistry & Inorganic Compounds
elements
compound
number of protons in the nucleus
number of protons and neutrons combined
pure substances made of one atom
substances whose molecules have more than one element in them
atomic number
atomic mass
elements
pure substances made of one atom
compound
substances whose molecules have more than one element in them
31 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 2 10th grade bio
atom
proton
electron
neutron
the smallest unit of a chemical element
positive, 1 amu
negative, no mass
neutral, 1 amu
atom
the smallest unit of a chemical element
proton
positive, 1 amu
29 terms
Chapter 2 and Chapter 5: Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
Element
Compound
Trace Elements
Atom
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed rat…
those required by an organism in minute quantities
the smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Compound
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed rat…
25 terms
Homework #1- Chapter 2 (Inorganic Chemistry)
Atom
Protons, neutrons, electrons
Electrons
Protons and Neutrons
The smallest basic unit of matter
The 3 particles that make up atoms
The space surrounding the nucleus of an atom contains.
The nucleus is made up of
Atom
The smallest basic unit of matter
Protons, neutrons, electrons
The 3 particles that make up atoms
77 terms
Chapter 2b: Inorganic and organic chemistry
Organic compounds
Exceptional organic compounds
Functional groups
Compounds containing carbon
CO2 and CO
Small reactive parts of organic compounds that interact with…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
Exceptional organic compounds
CO2 and CO
24 terms
Inorganic Chem Chapter 2
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Model
Theory
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
A testable statement that serves as the basis for predictions…
More than a physical object; it is often an explanation of ho…
A broad, generalization that explains a body of facts or phen…
Scientific Method
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Hypothesis
A testable statement that serves as the basis for predictions…
34 terms
Chapter 2: Inorganic Chem
Element
Atom
Matter
Compound
Substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means into a…
Smallest unit of an element
Anything that has mass and occupies space
A substance formed by the reaction of 2 or more chemical elem…
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means into a…
Atom
Smallest unit of an element
28 terms
Inorganic Chem Chapter 2
Democirtus
John Dalton
Modern Atomic Theory
Atoms
Early greek scientist; said there was a common in everything.
1800's, first atomic theory
- All matter is composed of atoms... - In normal chemical reacti…
Smallest unit still recognized as an element
Democirtus
Early greek scientist; said there was a common in everything.
John Dalton
1800's, first atomic theory
14 terms
Inorganic chem chapter 2
atomic theory
law of conservation of matter
atomic number
ions
everything is made of atoms
matter cannot be created or destroyed
# of protons
atoms that have gained or lost e-
atomic theory
everything is made of atoms
law of conservation of matter
matter cannot be created or destroyed
14 terms
Inorganic chemistry ch.2
Scientific method
Hypothesis
Model
Theory
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Testable statement
In science is more than a physical object; it is often an exp…
Is a broad generalization that explains a body of facts or ph…
Scientific method
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Hypothesis
Testable statement
38 terms
Ch 2 inorganic chemistry
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Smallest living form
Positive charge
Neutrally charged
Negatively charged
Atoms
Smallest living form
Protons
Positive charge
12 terms
Chapter II: Inorganic chemistry
Acid
Aqueous solution
Base/alkaline
Buffer
Any substance that, when dissolved in water, contributes to a…
Liquid mixture in which water is the solvent; for example sal…
A chemical that, when dissolved in water, reduces the relativ…
Compound that combines with an acid or with a base to form a…
Acid
Any substance that, when dissolved in water, contributes to a…
Aqueous solution
Liquid mixture in which water is the solvent; for example sal…
37 terms
Chap 2 - Inorganic Chemistry
Classify each of the following as a pu…
What type of change, physical or chemi…
Rank the following species according t…
If you pour equal amounts of scalding…
Pure Substance... An iron Nail... propane... salt substitute... Mixture…
Physical Change... A puzzle is cut into 1000 pieces.... Water vapor…
More Energy Needed... water... aluminum... cast iron... Copper... Silver
Warmest... 500-g Silver Cup... 500-g Aluminum Cup... 750-g Aluminum Cu…
Classify each of the following as a pu…
Pure Substance... An iron Nail... propane... salt substitute... Mixture…
What type of change, physical or chemi…
Physical Change... A puzzle is cut into 1000 pieces.... Water vapor…
26 terms
Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 1
True or false: an object on the Earth…
True or false: An object on the Earth…
This is anything that has mass and occ…
this is the measurement of the amount…
True
False
matter
mass
True or false: an object on the Earth…
True
True or false: An object on the Earth…
False
25 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Section 2.3: Inorganic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
High Specific Heat
Water
substances that do not contain carbon... EXCEPTIONS: CO, CO2, an…
study of carbon-containing substances; those that are biologi…
-large amount of heat required to raise temperature of water…
-cohesion and adhesion properties... -50-60% of body... -92% of blo…
Inorganic Chemistry
substances that do not contain carbon... EXCEPTIONS: CO, CO2, an…
Organic Chemistry
study of carbon-containing substances; those that are biologi…
25 terms
Inorganic Chem/Lec Chapter 2
What is matter?
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
What is the coldest temperature?
Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space.
Energy of Motion
Is Determined by the position of an object or chemical compos…
-273°C, which serves as 0 on the Kelvin Scale and is called a…
What is matter?
Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space.
Kinetic Energy
Energy of Motion
9 terms
Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry: Chemical Reactions-inorganic v organic
synthesis reaction
decomposition reaction
2 major classes of molecules
what is the main difference between 2…
atoms or molecules combine- bond formation- energy absorption
molecule is broken down- energy released
inorganic and organic
presence or absence of carbon
synthesis reaction
atoms or molecules combine- bond formation- energy absorption
decomposition reaction
molecule is broken down- energy released
28 terms
Inorganic Chapter 2
2 major classes of compounds
organic compounds characteristics
4 inorganic compounds
water is
Organic and inorganic
contain carbon and are covalently bonded
salts, water, acids, bases
most abundant/important inorganic compound in living matter
2 major classes of compounds
Organic and inorganic
organic compounds characteristics
contain carbon and are covalently bonded
23 terms
Chapter 2 chem Inorganic Compounds
State the importance of water to homoe…
What are the roles of water in homoeos…
List salts and their Ions which are im…
Salt
-Most abundant inorganic molecule in the body. ... -It is necess…
Water is essential for almost all processes necessary to main…
Calcium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium. Cations an…
A compound made of minerals that, in water, dissolve and form…
State the importance of water to homoe…
-Most abundant inorganic molecule in the body. ... -It is necess…
What are the roles of water in homoeos…
Water is essential for almost all processes necessary to main…
58 terms
Inorganic Chapter 2
Unpaired electrons
lone pairs
Valence electrons
A group number
are potential source of chemical bonding
paired electrons and usually not involved in bonding
are the electrons in the highest occupied energy level on an…
the number of valence electrons is the same as the_______.
Unpaired electrons
are potential source of chemical bonding
lone pairs
paired electrons and usually not involved in bonding
Inorganic Chemistry: Chapter 2 section 3 and Chapter 3 section 3
Quantity
SI
Weight
Derived
Something that has magnitude, size, or ammount
Terms of standards of measurments
A measure of the gravitational pull on matter
Combinations of SI base units
Quantity
Something that has magnitude, size, or ammount
SI
Terms of standards of measurments
Inorganic chemistry chapter 4
Insulator
Intrinsic semiconductor
Impurity semiconductor
Conductor
Big gap between bonding and antibonding orbital
Small gap between bonding and antibonding orbitals
Using a miniscule amount of impurity to help an electron get…
Overlap in the energy levels of bonding and antibonding orbit…
Insulator
Big gap between bonding and antibonding orbital
Intrinsic semiconductor
Small gap between bonding and antibonding orbitals
23 terms
Inorganic Chemistry - Chapter 1
Mass
Matter
Atom
Element
A measure of the amount of matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical i…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, sta…
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
30 terms
Chapter 5 inorganic Chemistry
reduction
oxidation
oxidation and reduction joint process
oxidizin agent
electron gain
electron loss
redox reaction
species that removes electrons
reduction
electron gain
oxidation
electron loss
38 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 7
NH₄⁺
Cu⁺
K⁺
Ag⁺
Ammonium
Copper(I)
Potassium
Silver
NH₄⁺
Ammonium
Cu⁺
Copper(I)
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