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Study sets matching "chapter 2 matter"

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Study sets matching "chapter 2 matter"

17 terms
matter - chapter 2 vocab
solid
liquid
gas
fluid
a state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
a state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
a state of matter with no definite shape or volume
any substance that can flow
solid
a state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
liquid
a state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
62 terms
Chapter 2 Matter
matter
physical property
chemical property
atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
Smallest unit of matter
matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
physical property
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
15 terms
Chapter 2 - Matter
Inertia
meniscus
volume
mass
the tendency of an object to resist any change in motion
when water is in a container, the surface of the water is cur…
amount of space taken up or occupied by an object
measure of the amount of matter in an object
Inertia
the tendency of an object to resist any change in motion
meniscus
when water is in a container, the surface of the water is cur…
Chapter 2: Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Matter
Has a definite shape and volume.
Has a definite volume, but no fixed shape.
Have no definite volume and no fixed shape.
anything that has mass and occupies space.
Solid
Has a definite shape and volume.
Liquid
Has a definite volume, but no fixed shape.
35 terms
Chapter 2 matter
Matter
Atom
Element
Compound
takes up space and has mass
What all matter is made out of
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, stable sub…
`a substance made of atoms of more than one element chemicall…
Matter
takes up space and has mass
Atom
What all matter is made out of
16 terms
Chapter 2: Matter
chemistry
matter
element
atom
The study of matter and how it changes.
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes.
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
17 terms
Chapter 2 Introduction to Matter
matter
substance
chemistry
chemical property
is anything that has mass and takes up space.
is a single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific se…
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes.
a characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to…
matter
is anything that has mass and takes up space.
substance
is a single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific se…
35 terms
Chapter 2 matter
Matter
Atom
Element
Compound
takes up space and has mass
What all matter is made out of
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, stable sub…
`a substance made of atoms of more than one element chemicall…
Matter
takes up space and has mass
Atom
What all matter is made out of
20 terms
Wapak Chapter 2 Matter
physical properties
Examples of physical properties
density
formula for density
Characteristics of a substance that can be observed without c…
shape, size, texture, volume, mass
the amount of matter present in a given volume of a substance
D= Mass divided by volume
physical properties
Characteristics of a substance that can be observed without c…
Examples of physical properties
shape, size, texture, volume, mass
26 terms
Describing Matter (Chapter 2)
matter
mass
states of matter
liquid
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter in an object
refers to the different forms that matter can take, i.e., sol…
a state of matter that changes shape according to the shape o…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
the amount of matter in an object
20 terms
Chem. Chapter 2 - Matter
matter
atom
compound
molecule
the material of the universe
the fundamental unit of which elements are composed
a substance with constant composition that can be broken down…
a bonded collection of two or more atoms of the same element…
matter
the material of the universe
atom
the fundamental unit of which elements are composed
9 terms
Chapter 2- Matter
evaporate
freeze
gas
liquid
To change from a liquid to a gas. The fire makes the water in…
To change from a liquid to a solid. We let water freeze to ma…
Matter that can change size and shape. The beach toys were fu…
Matter that takes the shape of its container. My mother poure…
evaporate
To change from a liquid to a gas. The fire makes the water in…
freeze
To change from a liquid to a solid. We let water freeze to ma…
50 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter
particle theory
atom
diffusion
Brownian motion
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
the microscopic, random jostling of suspended matter due to t…
particle theory
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
atom
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
26 terms
Chapter 2 The nature of matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
32 terms
Chapter 2: Properties of Matter
Atom
boiling point
Chemical change
chemical property
the smallest particle of an element
the temperature at which a substance boils (or at which vapor…
change that occurs when a substance reacts and forms one or m…
any property that produces a change in the composition of mat…
Atom
the smallest particle of an element
boiling point
the temperature at which a substance boils (or at which vapor…
13 terms
chapter 2 matter
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; a…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
27 terms
Chapter 2 Changes in Matter
how many types of phases of matter?
solid
liquid
gas
3, solid, liquid, gas
how many types of phases of matter?
3, solid, liquid, gas
solid
Matter-Chapter 2
phases of matter
solid
crystal
liquid
Matter exists in four phases: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma
Phase in which matter has a definite shape and volume
Solid in which the particles are arranged in a regular, repea…
A phase in which matter has no definite shape but a definite…
phases of matter
Matter exists in four phases: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma
solid
Phase in which matter has a definite shape and volume
23 terms
Chapter 2 : Properties of Matter
Pure Substance
Element
Atom
Compound
Matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
The smallest particle of an element.
A substance that is made from two or more simpler substances…
Pure Substance
Matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
16 terms
Chapter 2, States of Matter
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
the state of matter in which the volume and shape of a substa…
the state of matter that has a definite volume, but not a def…
a form of matter that does not have a definite volume or shape
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
solid
the state of matter in which the volume and shape of a substa…
13 terms
Chapter 2 - Matter and Energy
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter; the subatomic particles that make up at…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
basic unit of matter; the subatomic particles that make up at…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
28 terms
Chapter 2 Properties of Matter
Matter
Mass
Units for measuring Mass
Volume
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Physical property- The amount of matter in an object...mass i…
Grams, Kilograms, Milligrams (grams)
Physical property- The amount of space an object occupies
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
Physical property- The amount of matter in an object...mass i…
22 terms
Chapter 2 - The Nature of Matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
23 terms
Chapter 2: Properties of matter
Pure Substance
Element
Atom
Compound
a sample of matter with both definite and constant compositio…
2.each of more than one hundred substances that cannot be che…
1.the basic unit of a chemical element
1.a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements;…
Pure Substance
a sample of matter with both definite and constant compositio…
Element
2.each of more than one hundred substances that cannot be che…
31 terms
Chapter 2: Energy and Matter
Boiling
boiling point
calorie (cal)
change of state
The formation of bubbles of gas through a liquid .
The temperature at which a liquid changes to gas(boils) and g…
A nutritional unit of energy equal to 1000 cal, or 1kcal.
The transformation of one state of matter to another;for exam…
Boiling
The formation of bubbles of gas through a liquid .
boiling point
The temperature at which a liquid changes to gas(boils) and g…
26 terms
Chapter 2 The nature of matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
67 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2 Matter
matter
chemical bond
atom
diffusion
Anything that has mass and takes up space
a force that holds two or more atoms together
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
chemical bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together
17 terms
Chapter 2 States of Matter
gas
gas
solid
solid
indefinite shape and volume and conforms to shape of container
particles are far apart and moving
fixed shape and volume and takes up space
particles are packed close together
gas
indefinite shape and volume and conforms to shape of container
gas
particles are far apart and moving
chapter 2 matter vocab
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; a…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
33 terms
Chapter 2: Matter Vocabulary
Matter
Mass
Volume
Chemistry
anything that has both mass and volume
all particles that make up an object
how much space the object occupies
the branch of science that studies matter and its changes
Matter
anything that has both mass and volume
Mass
all particles that make up an object
26 terms
Matter (Chapter 2 Test)
Matter
Mass
Volume
Atom
Anything that has both mass and volume.
Amount of matter in something.
Amount of space something takes up.
Smallest unit of an element that keeps the properties of the…
Matter
Anything that has both mass and volume.
Mass
Amount of matter in something.
17 terms
Chapter 2 - Matter Vocabulary
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Tiny building blocks of matter, made up of protons, neutrons,…
Substance that is made up of only one type of atom
Particle that has positive electrical charge
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Tiny building blocks of matter, made up of protons, neutrons,…
52 terms
Chapter 2: Matter
matter
element
atom
molecule
mass, space
a substance that cant be broken down into something simpler
the smallest unit of an element
a particle of a substance that contains two or more atoms tha…
matter
mass, space
element
a substance that cant be broken down into something simpler
9 terms
Chapter 2: Matter
melting point
mass
boiling point
volume
the temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
the measure of the amount of matter that makes up an object
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
the amount of space that matter takes up
melting point
the temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
mass
the measure of the amount of matter that makes up an object
19 terms
Chapter 2: Matter
Solution
Homogeneous Mixture
Heterogeneous Mixture
Fluid
a homogeneous mixture
a mixture that is the same throughout; a solution
a mixture that has different properties in different regions…
any substance that flows or deforms under an applied shear st…
Solution
a homogeneous mixture
Homogeneous Mixture
a mixture that is the same throughout; a solution
24 terms
Chapter 2: Matter
Element
Physical Properties
Compound
Solid
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
Inherent characteristics of a substance
Atoms of different elements chemically combined; pure substance
Has a fixed shape and volume
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
Physical Properties
Inherent characteristics of a substance
21 terms
chapter 2 matter
chemistry
matter
Element
Atom
study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter…
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties of…
chemistry
study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
16 terms
Chapter 2 Matter
chemistry
matter
element
atom
the scientific study of the composition, structure, and prope…
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
chemistry
the scientific study of the composition, structure, and prope…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
22 terms
Chapter 2 - The Nature of Matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
27 terms
Properties of Matter (Chapter 2)
Physical Property
States of Matter
Compressed
Incompressible
Things about a substance like its appearance, melting, freezi…
Solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Plasma only exists when the te…
Squashed.
Unsquashable.
Physical Property
Things about a substance like its appearance, melting, freezi…
States of Matter
Solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Plasma only exists when the te…
19 terms
Chapter 2: Matter
Solution
Homogeneous Mixture
Heterogeneous Mixture
Fluid
a homogeneous mixture
a mixture that is the same throughout; a solution
a mixture that has different properties in different regions…
any substance that flows or deforms under an applied shear st…
Solution
a homogeneous mixture
Homogeneous Mixture
a mixture that is the same throughout; a solution
16 terms
Chapter 2 Matter
chemistry
matter
element
atom
the scientific study of the composition, structure, and prope…
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
chemistry
the scientific study of the composition, structure, and prope…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
23 terms
Chapter 2 : Properties of Matter
Pure Substance
Element
Atom
Compound
Matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
The smallest particle of an element.
A substance that is made from two or more simpler substances…
Pure Substance
Matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
29 terms
Matter - Chapter 2
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Melting
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
The change in state from a solid to a liquid
Solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Liquid
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
20 terms
Chapter 2 Matter
Boiling point
Buoyancy
Chemical change
Chemical property
The temperature at which the pressure of the atmosphere is eq…
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
Change of one substance into a new substance.
Any characteristic of a substance, such as flammability,that…
Boiling point
The temperature at which the pressure of the atmosphere is eq…
Buoyancy
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
21 terms
Chapter 2 Matter
Matter
Intensive Property
Extensive Property
Substance
Elements, Compounds & Mixtures
Depends on the type, not amount (ex: Density)
Depends on amount (ex: mass)
Elements & Compounds
Matter
Elements, Compounds & Mixtures
Intensive Property
Depends on the type, not amount (ex: Density)
18 terms
Chapter 2 Chemistry: Properties of Matter
Property
Weight
Mass
Newton
A characteristic that helps identify an object
The measure of how hard gravity pulls on an object
The amount of material an object has
The Metric unit of weight
Property
A characteristic that helps identify an object
Weight
The measure of how hard gravity pulls on an object
18 terms
Chapter 2 States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Viscosity
Surface Tension
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
matter with a definite volume but no definite shape
a measurement of a liquid's resistance to flow
the uneven forces acting on the particle on the surface of li…
Solid
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
Liquid
matter with a definite volume but no definite shape
12 terms
Matter chapter 2
Volume
solid
liquid
gas
The amount of space a sample of matter occupies.
Matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
Matter with a definite volume but no definite shape.
Matter that has no definite volume and no definite shape.
Volume
The amount of space a sample of matter occupies.
solid
Matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
12 terms
Matter (Chapter 2)
volume
solid
liquid
gas
the amount of space a sample of matter occupies
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
matter with a definite volume but no definite shape
matter that has no definite volume and no definite shape.
volume
the amount of space a sample of matter occupies
solid
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
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