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Study sets matching "chapter 2 vocabulary ap psychology"

40 terms
AP psychology chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
44 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Variables
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
research with clear, practical real-world applications
Explores questions that are of interest to psychologists but…
things that can vary among the participants in the research
Hindsight Bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Applied Research
research with clear, practical real-world applications
AP Psychology Chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
56 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
58 terms
AP Psychology ~ Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Nerve Cells; the basic building blocks of the neural informat…
Branching fibers that receive impulses from other cells at sy…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
Nerve Cells; the basic building blocks of the neural informat…
40 terms
AP psychology chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
22 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Amygdala
Cerebellum
Corpus Callosum
EEG
structures near the end of each hippocampal arm. This is vita…
"little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; its fun…
the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
Amygdala
structures near the end of each hippocampal arm. This is vita…
Cerebellum
"little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; its fun…
56 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
59 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
action potential
aphasia
association areas
axon
a neural impulse - a brief electrical charge that travels dow…
impairment of language - usually cause by left hemisphere dam…
areas of the cerebral cortext that are not involved in primar…
the extension of a neuron - ending in branching terminal fibe…
action potential
a neural impulse - a brief electrical charge that travels dow…
aphasia
impairment of language - usually cause by left hemisphere dam…
56 terms
Chapter 2 AP Psychology Vocabulary
Biological psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
A branch of psychology that is concerned with the links betwe…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers,…
Biological psychology
A branch of psychology that is concerned with the links betwe…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
53 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Biological psychology
Neuron
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
Biological psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
56 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; the basic building of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building of the nervous system
46 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Terms
Representative Sample
Population
Random Sample
Naturalistic Observation
a sample obtained in such a way that it reflects the distribu…
in the cases in a group, from which samples may be drawn for…
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
Representative Sample
a sample obtained in such a way that it reflects the distribu…
Population
in the cases in a group, from which samples may be drawn for…
56 terms
AP Psychology Vocabulary Chapter 2
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
Adrenal Glands
Amygdala (Amy G. Dala)
A neurotransmitter that, among its functions, triggers muscle…
A neural impulse, a brief electrical charge that travels down…
A pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys; secretes t…
Two almond shaped neural clusters that are components of the…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that, among its functions, triggers muscle…
Action Potential
A neural impulse, a brief electrical charge that travels down…
84 terms
Myers AP Psychology Chapter 2
biological psychology
neuropsychologists (also called biopsy…
neuron
dendrites
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Psychologists who study relationships between the brain and b…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuropsychologists (also called biopsy…
Psychologists who study relationships between the brain and b…
45 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Review
Phrenology
Action Potential
Sensory Neurons
Motor neurons
theory that claimed bumps on the c=skull could reveal our men…
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
carry messages from the body's tissues and sensory organs inw…
Carry outgoing information from brain to spinal cord to the m…
Phrenology
theory that claimed bumps on the c=skull could reveal our men…
Action Potential
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
56 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
70 terms
Ap Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
Adrenal Glands
All or nothing law
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys an…
The principle that either a neuron is sufficiently stimulated…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
Action Potential
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
52 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.…
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.…
32 terms
Myers AP Psychology Chapter 2
Critical Thinking
Theory
hypothesis
Operational Definition
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
a statement of the procedures used to define research variables
Critical Thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Theory
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
55 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary Nolin
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
110 terms
AP Psychology- Chapter 2
dendrite
axon
mylein sheath
synaptic buttons/nodes
-receptor sites -pick up signal... -shape specific -entrance to…
-long piece of neuron ... -can range from mm to m
-fat that covers axon ... -people with "MS" have a deterioration…
-contain chemical called neurotransmitters which send chemica…
dendrite
-receptor sites -pick up signal... -shape specific -entrance to…
axon
-long piece of neuron ... -can range from mm to m
35 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Is rationally deciding what to believe or what to do. When on…
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
Is rationally deciding what to believe or what to do. When on…
40 terms
AP psychology chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
55 terms
Chapter 2 AP Psychology
chemical messengers, mostly those manu…
a pair of endocrine glands just above…
under the influence of the hypothalamu…
the body's "slow" chemical communicati…
hormones
Adrenal [ah-DREEN-el] Glands
Pituitary Gland
Endocrine System
chemical messengers, mostly those manu…
hormones
a pair of endocrine glands just above…
Adrenal [ah-DREEN-el] Glands
66 terms
AP Psychology Ch 2 Vocabulary
Acetylcholine
Action potential
Adrenal glands
Afferent (sensory) neuron
the first neurotransmitter to be discovered. Found to regulat…
the release of the neural impulse consisting of a reversal of…
endocrine glands located on top of each kidney and which secr…
a neuron that carries information from the senses to the cent…
Acetylcholine
the first neurotransmitter to be discovered. Found to regulat…
Action potential
the release of the neural impulse consisting of a reversal of…
72 terms
Chapter 2 AP Psychology Vocabulary
Neuropsychology (biological psychology)
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic nervous system
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of th…
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Neuropsychology (biological psychology)
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Central nervous system
the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of th…
41 terms
AP psychology chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
53 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Biological psychology
Neuron
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
Biological psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
31 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Variable
Reliability
Proposed explanation for further investigation.
intelligence need to be operationally defined before they bec…
any factor, trait, or condition that can exist in differing a…
The quality of being reliable, dependable, or trustworthy.
Hypothesis
Proposed explanation for further investigation.
Operational Definition
intelligence need to be operationally defined before they bec…
40 terms
Chapter 2 - AP Psychology
Biological Psychologist
Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
The link between biology and psychological activity.... Ex. Thir…
Nerve cell... basic building blocks of brain. Ex. If a neuron…
Senses to your brain (incoming)... Ex. Touching a hot stove with…
Carry outgoing info. from brain to spinal cord/muscles/glands…
Biological Psychologist
The link between biology and psychological activity.... Ex. Thir…
Neurons
Nerve cell... basic building blocks of brain. Ex. If a neuron…
111 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Biological psychology
Neuron
Cell body
Dendrites
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.…
The cell's life support center.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that recieve messages…
Biological psychology
The scientific study of the links between biological (genetic…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.…
33 terms
Myers Psychology for AP: Chapter 2
Hindsight Bias
Double Blind Procedure
Independent Variable
Dependent Variables
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
The experimental factor that is manipulated--the variable who…
The outcome factor -- the variable that may change in respons…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Double Blind Procedure
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
80 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
When one thinks or acts as though a previously unknown fact w…
Research whose results clearly have practical, real-world app…
Research whose results have no clear real-world purpose, but…
A description of the possible relationship between two variab…
Hindsight Bias
When one thinks or acts as though a previously unknown fact w…
Applied Research
Research whose results clearly have practical, real-world app…
67 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 2
Empirical Method
Deductive Reasoning
Facts
Opinions
Grounded in objective, tangible evidence that can be observed…
results are predicted based on a general premise; begins with…
Observable realities, established using evidence through empi…
Personal judgements, conclusions, or attitudes that may or ma…
Empirical Method
Grounded in objective, tangible evidence that can be observed…
Deductive Reasoning
results are predicted based on a general premise; begins with…
42 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 2
Scientific Method
Empirical Investigation
Theory
Hypothesis
A five-step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations.
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Scientific Method
A five-step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Empirical Investigation
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
56 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
55 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Acetylcholine (ACH)
Dopamine
Seratonin
Norepinephrine
Enables muscle action, learning, & memory. ... TOO MUCH: muscle…
associated with pleasure and addiction, Influences movement,…
Affects mood (calm), hunger, sleep, arousal, and pain. TOO MU…
Regulates alertness and arousal (heart rate, sleep, stress, s…
Acetylcholine (ACH)
Enables muscle action, learning, & memory. ... TOO MUCH: muscle…
Dopamine
associated with pleasure and addiction, Influences movement,…
42 terms
AP psychology Chapter 2
scientific method
empirical investigation
theory
hypothesis
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
a testable explanation for a set of facts
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and…
empirical investigation
an approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
55 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2
Biological psychologists
neurons
sensory neurons
motor neurons
Studies the linkage and interplay between the body and the mind
are nerve cells
takes messages from the body, up to spinal cord, and to the b…
takes messages from the brain to the body
Biological psychologists
Studies the linkage and interplay between the body and the mind
neurons
are nerve cells
AP Psychology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.... *Example: P…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
33 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary AP Psychology
Case study
Confounding variable
Control group
Correlation
An observation technique in which one person is studied in de…
a factor other than the independent variable that might produ…
In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatm…
A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, a…
Case study
An observation technique in which one person is studied in de…
Confounding variable
a factor other than the independent variable that might produ…
41 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Anecdotal evidence
Case study
Confounding of variables
Control Group
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences.
An in-depth investigation of an individual subject
A condition that exists whenever two variables are linked tog…
Subjects in a study who do not receive the special treatment…
Anecdotal evidence
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences.
Case study
An in-depth investigation of an individual subject
55 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
59 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Dendrite
Cell Body
Axon
Terminal Branches
Receive messages from other cells
Cell's life support center, processor of information, sends i…
Passes messages away from the cell body to other neurons, mus…
form junctions with other cells
Dendrite
Receive messages from other cells
Cell Body
Cell's life support center, processor of information, sends i…
96 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
Terminal Branches of the Axon
Life support center of the neuron.
Branching extensions at the cell body. Receive messages from…
Long single extension of a neuron, covered with myelin sheath…
Branched endings of an axon that transmit messages to other n…
Cell Body
Life support center of the neuron.
Dendrites
Branching extensions at the cell body. Receive messages from…
28 terms
Chapter 2- AP Psychology
Phrenology
Localization of function
Biological Perspective
Biopsychosocial
science of a character divination; theory of brain, and what…
the idea that different parts of the brain do different things
a way of looking at psychological topics by studying the phys…
the interaction of biological, psychological, and social aspe…
Phrenology
science of a character divination; theory of brain, and what…
Localization of function
the idea that different parts of the brain do different things
41 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
definition: the tendency to believe, after learning an outcom…
definition: thinking that does not blindly accept arguments a…
definition: An explanation that is broader in scope than a hy…
definition: A testable idea or educated guess that leads to s…
Hindsight Bias
definition: the tendency to believe, after learning an outcom…
Critical Thinking
definition: thinking that does not blindly accept arguments a…
104 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 - Biological Perspective
Nervous System
Neuroscience
Neuron
Parts of a Neuron
An extensive network of specialized cells that carry informat…
Deals with the structure and function of neurons, nerves, and…
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and receives…
Dendrites, Soma, Axon
Nervous System
An extensive network of specialized cells that carry informat…
Neuroscience
Deals with the structure and function of neurons, nerves, and…
AP Psychology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
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