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Study sets matching "chapter 2 vocabulary earth science"

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Study sets matching "chapter 2 vocabulary earth science"

35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
matter
operational definition
pure substances
mixtures
Anything that has mass and takes up space
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Elements and Compounds
a physical combination of substances that can still be sepera…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
operational definition
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2: Minerals Vocabulary
Element
Atomic number
Energy level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 - Vocabulary
Rotation
Axis
Standard Time Zone
Grid
Spinning of the earth
Imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
Area that has the same clock time
Set of horizontal and vertical lines on a map
Rotation
Spinning of the earth
Axis
Imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
30 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
in Earth Science, the layer of rock between the Earth's crust…
the central part of the Earth below the mantle
the solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust an…
Crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Mantle
in Earth Science, the layer of rock between the Earth's crust…
25 terms
Chapter 2 Earth Science
Earth's Revolution
Parallax
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
The motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
Earth's position around June 21, at which the northern hemisp…
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
Earth's Revolution
The motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
Parallax
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
22 terms
Glencoe earth science chapter 2
Matter
Element
Atom
Protons
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Form of matter containing only one type of atom
A building block of matter
Positively charged particles inside the nucleus of an atom
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
Form of matter containing only one type of atom
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
atmosphere
cryosphere
hydrosphere
biosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
all the water on the surface of the earth.
all of the living things on the earth.
atmosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
cryosphere
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Maps
map
reference point
axis
cardinal directions
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
an imaginary line that runs through the Earth and on which th…
N, S, E, W
map
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
reference point
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
16 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary-Earth Science
mineral
inorganic
crystal
streak
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
forms from materials that were not part of a living thing.
patterns of the elements always line up in a very specific ma…
the color of the minerals powder.
mineral
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
inorganic
forms from materials that were not part of a living thing.
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
minerals
luster
streak
cleavage
naturally occuring, inorganic, uniform, solid substance (thes…
the way light is reflected off a mineral (metallic=shiny, non…
the color of a mineral's powder using a plate
a clean, flat break
minerals
naturally occuring, inorganic, uniform, solid substance (thes…
luster
the way light is reflected off a mineral (metallic=shiny, non…
30 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric theory
Ptolemaic theory
eccentric
retrograde motion
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
when a planet is orbiting something but that something is not…
stopping and then backing up
geocentric theory
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
Ptolemaic theory
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
...
...
...
...
Matter
...
Atom
...
Earth Science Chapter 2
asteroid
comet
inner planets
meteor
a small rocky body orbiting the sun
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
A streak of light in the sky produced by the burning of a met…
asteroid
a small rocky body orbiting the sun
comet
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
37 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric theory
Ptolemaic theory
eccentric
retrograde motion
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
when a planet is orbiting something but that something is not…
stopping and then backing up
geocentric theory
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
Ptolemaic theory
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
mineral
organic rock
metamorphic rock
cementation
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposit…
Rock that forms from an existing rock due to heat, pressure,…
Process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue part…
mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
organic rock
Sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposit…
18 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - Earth Science
Aphelion
Atmosphere
Axis
Core
Farthest point from the sun
Blanket of gasses surrounding the earth
An imaginary line a body rotates around
Below the mantle. Forms the center of the earth and is made m…
Aphelion
Farthest point from the sun
Atmosphere
Blanket of gasses surrounding the earth
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
topographic map
map scale
gnomonic projection
contour interval
map that uses contour lines, symbols, and color to show chang…
ratio between the distances shown on a map and the actual dis…
map useful in plotting long-distance trips by boat or plane,…
difference in elevation between two side by side contour line…
topographic map
map that uses contour lines, symbols, and color to show chang…
map scale
ratio between the distances shown on a map and the actual dis…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a region of an atom in which electrons of the same energy are…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
38 terms
Chapter 2 - Earth Science
coordinate system
equator
longitude
Prime Meridian
a grid system used to identify location. Latitude + longitude…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
Distance east or west of the prime meridian
An imaginary line passing through the Royal Observatory in Gr…
coordinate system
a grid system used to identify location. Latitude + longitude…
equator
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
atmosphere
cryosphere
hydrosphere
biosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
all the water on the surface of the earth.
all of the living things on the earth.
atmosphere
the gasses that surround the earth.
cryosphere
the frozen water on the surface of the earth.
40 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
absolute magnitude
apparent magnitude
background radiation
big bang theory
actual amount of light a star gives off
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
energy left from the big bang that is spread evenly throughou…
theory that states that the universe was formed by the explos…
absolute magnitude
actual amount of light a star gives off
apparent magnitude
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Terms
element
energy level
mass number
chemical bond
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
Regions in which electrons can be found.
Found by adding protons and neutrons together. Given as an av…
An attraction that forms between atoms that is not easily bro…
element
A pure substance containing only one type of atom.
energy level
Regions in which electrons can be found.
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary. Earth as a System
Crust
Mantle
Earth's Core
Lithosphere
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
The extremely hot and dense center of the earth, which is bel…
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Crust
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Mantle
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
22 terms
EARTH SCIENCE - Chapter 2 - Vocabulary
map
latitude
true north
equator
representation of the features of a physical body such as Earth
distance north or south from the equator; also called parallels
the direction to the geographic North Pole
circle halfway between the North and South Poles that divides…
map
representation of the features of a physical body such as Earth
latitude
distance north or south from the equator; also called parallels
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Mapping Our World
cartography
equator
latitude
longitude
science of mapmaking
imaginary line that lies at 0 degrees latitude and circles th…
distance in degrees north and south of the equator; they RUN…
distance in degrees east and west of the prime meridian; they…
cartography
science of mapmaking
equator
imaginary line that lies at 0 degrees latitude and circles th…
31 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Igneous
Metamorphic
Sedimentary
Intrusive
Type of rock that forms from magma or lava
Type of rock that forms from great heat and pressure
Type of rock that forms from sediments
Igneous rock that forms inside the Earth; cools slowly which…
Igneous
Type of rock that forms from magma or lava
Metamorphic
Type of rock that forms from great heat and pressure
30 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric theory
Ptolemaic theory
eccentric
retrograde motion
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
when a planet is orbiting something but that something is not…
stopping and then backing up
geocentric theory
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
Ptolemaic theory
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
68 terms
CCS Earth Science Chapter 2
Geology
crust
sediments
oxygen
the study of the earth
earth's outer layer made of solid rock, on average 22mi thick…
deposits of sand, mineral fragments, or organic material usua…
the most abundant element in the earth's crust
Geology
the study of the earth
crust
earth's outer layer made of solid rock, on average 22mi thick…
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Cartography
Equator
Latitude
Longitude
The science of mapmaking.
Horizontally circles Earth halfway between the north and sout…
Lines on a map running parallel to the equator.
The distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian. I…
Cartography
The science of mapmaking.
Equator
Horizontally circles Earth halfway between the north and sout…
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
landform
topography
Constructive forces
Destructive forces
a natural land shape or feature
surface landforms of an area
are processes that shape the surface of the Earth, by buildin…
Shape the surface of the Earth, by breaking down and wearing…
landform
a natural land shape or feature
topography
surface landforms of an area
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Maps
map
reference point
axis
cardinal directions
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
an imaginary line that runs through the Earth and on which th…
N, S, E, W
map
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
reference point
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
14 terms
EArth Science chapter 2
equator
International Date Line
latitude
longitude
Imaginary line that circles the Earth halfway between the nor…
Imaginary line through the Pacific Ocean at 180 degrees longi…
distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees. L…
Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian measured in degre…
equator
Imaginary line that circles the Earth halfway between the nor…
International Date Line
Imaginary line through the Pacific Ocean at 180 degrees longi…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2: Minerals Vocabulary
Element
Atomic number
Energy level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Earth Science Chapter 2 Minerals
Element
Electron
Proton
Neutron
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
An element particle with a negative charge that is not locate…
A positively charged element particle that is located in the…
An element particle having no charge that is located in the n…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Electron
An element particle with a negative charge that is not locate…
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Axis
Continents
Equator
Grid
Imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
One of seven major land areas of the earth
Line 0° latitude halfway between the poles
Set of horizontal and vertical lines on a map
Axis
Imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
Continents
One of seven major land areas of the earth
Earth Science Chapter 2: Minerals Vocabulary
Element
Atomic number
Energy level
Isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
12 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 2
Crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Inner Core
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
the layer of liquid iron & nickel in the Earth
the layer of solid iron & nickel in the Earth
Crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Mantle
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 vocab/definitions
rock cycle
deposition
erosion
weathering
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weath…
The chemical and physical processes that break down rock and…
rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
metamorphic rock
grain
property
mineral
rock formed by existing rock being changed by heat or pressure
a particle of a mineral or rock
something about an object that you can observe with your senses
a solid, nonliving material that forms in nature
metamorphic rock
rock formed by existing rock being changed by heat or pressure
grain
a particle of a mineral or rock
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Global Ocean
Oblate Spheroid
Seismic Waves
Oceanic Crust
the body of salt water that covers nearly three-fourths of Ea…
the shape of the Earth; a sphere that flattens at its poles a…
waves of energy that travel through the Earth
earths crust located under the ocean
Global Ocean
the body of salt water that covers nearly three-fourths of Ea…
Oblate Spheroid
the shape of the Earth; a sphere that flattens at its poles a…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
element
atomic number
energy level
isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
one of several distinct regions around the nucleus of an atom…
an atom with the same number of protons but different numbers…
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
continent
rotation
axis
North Pole
one of the seven major land areas of the earth
spinning of the earth
imaginary line through the earth that connects the North and…
point farthest north on the earth
continent
one of the seven major land areas of the earth
rotation
spinning of the earth
38 terms
Chapter 2 Earth Science Weathering and Soil
mineral
crystal
rock cycle
igneous rock
A natural inorganic solid with a crystal structure and a defi…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
A seriesof precesses on the surface and inside Earth that slo…
A type or fock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
mineral
A natural inorganic solid with a crystal structure and a defi…
crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
22 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary: Chapter 2
Element
Atomic Number
Energy Level
Isotope
The basic building blocks of minerals
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
(Or shells) surround the nucleus, and contain electrons
Have the same number of protons but varying number of neutrons
Element
The basic building blocks of minerals
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
47 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
banding
bioclastic
bond
cement
Visible lines that are on rocks and minerals
A characteristic of a rock that has formed through the presen…
A strong force of atoms that form together to make a strong b…
A substance made of lime and clay mixed with sand or gravel t…
banding
Visible lines that are on rocks and minerals
bioclastic
A characteristic of a rock that has formed through the presen…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
continental drift
convergent boundary
divergent boundary
geodesy
the large scale movements of continents across E's surface dr…
boundary b/w lithospheric plates where plates move toward eac…
two plates move apart and new lithosphere is created
science of measuring the shape of earth and locating points o…
continental drift
the large scale movements of continents across E's surface dr…
convergent boundary
boundary b/w lithospheric plates where plates move toward eac…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Model of all or part of the earth on a…
Imaginary lines that are used to measu…
Imaginary line that divides the earth…
Relates distance on a map to the real…
map
longitude
equator
Scale
Model of all or part of the earth on a…
map
Imaginary lines that are used to measu…
longitude
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary 1
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Basic unit of matter
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
universe
galaxy
star
moon
Everything that exists throughout space.
A star system that contains large groups of stars.
A gaseous sphere that gives off light and other types of ener…
A large, rocky object that orbits a planet.
universe
Everything that exists throughout space.
galaxy
A star system that contains large groups of stars.
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
cartography
equator
latitude
longitude
The science of making maps.
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
An imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
An imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing…
cartography
The science of making maps.
equator
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
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