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Study sets matching "chapter 20 conceptual physics"

17 terms
Chapter 20: gasses - Conceptual Physics
fluid
gas
Boyle's Law
Archimedes' principle
anything that flows and takes the shape of its container
phase in wh/ molecules move about at higher rates, collide, &…
for a constant number of molecules of gas at constant tempera…
the relationship b/w buoyancy & displaced fluid: An immersed…
fluid
anything that flows and takes the shape of its container
gas
phase in wh/ molecules move about at higher rates, collide, &…
19 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
60 terms
Chapter 20 Conceptual Physics
material objects
frequency
high
low
Most sounds are waves produced by the vibrations of
the same for the vibrating force and the sound waves produced
High-pitched sound is from a ____ frequency vibration
low-pitched sound is from a ____ frequency vibration
material objects
Most sounds are waves produced by the vibrations of
frequency
the same for the vibrating force and the sound waves produced
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
12 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
9 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 20: Sound
pitch
infrasonic
ultrasonic
compression
our subjective impression of the frequency of sound
sounds below 20 Hz
sounds above 20000 Hz
a pulse of compressed air caused by sound waves
pitch
our subjective impression of the frequency of sound
infrasonic
sounds below 20 Hz
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
56 terms
Conceptual Physics (TESC) Chapter 20
The source of every sound is something…
A sound source of high frequency emits…
Double the frequency of a sound and yo…
Double the frequency of sound and you…
vibrating.
pitch.
wavelength.
none of these
The source of every sound is something…
vibrating.
A sound source of high frequency emits…
pitch.
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
11 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
15 terms
Physics Chapter 20 Conceptual Questions
1. QUESTION: If an electron beam in a…
2. QUESTION: Why is it not a good idea…
3. QUESTION: If the magnetic force doe…
4. QUESTION: A permanent magnet can be…
1. ANSWER: No, because there could be a magnetic field in a p…
2. ANSWER: Magnetic field lines are sometimes referred to as…
3. ANSWER: The magnetic force is always perpendicular to the…
4. ANSWER: These objects are ferromagnetic substances. When a…
1. QUESTION: If an electron beam in a…
1. ANSWER: No, because there could be a magnetic field in a p…
2. QUESTION: Why is it not a good idea…
2. ANSWER: Magnetic field lines are sometimes referred to as…
16 terms
conceptual physics chapter 20: sound
what is sound often created by?
what kind of waves are sound waves
pitch
how many frequency regions can the sou…
the vibrations of small objects, which often cause larger obj…
longitudinal waves
the highness or lowness of sound
three; infrasonic, audible, and ultrasonic
what is sound often created by?
the vibrations of small objects, which often cause larger obj…
what kind of waves are sound waves
longitudinal waves
30 terms
Conceptual Physics: Chapter 20 Reading Check Questions
How does sound relate to energy?
What is the relationship between frequ…
What is the average range of a young p…
Distinguish between infrasonic and ult…
Most sounds are waves produced by the vibrations of matter.
A high-pitched sound has a high frequency of vibration; a low…
20 to 20,000 hertz.
Infrasonic waves are below 20 hertz; ultrasonic waves are abo…
How does sound relate to energy?
Most sounds are waves produced by the vibrations of matter.
What is the relationship between frequ…
A high-pitched sound has a high frequency of vibration; a low…
22 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 20: Sound
Infrasonic
Ultrasonic
Compression
Rarefaction
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
Condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal w…
Rarefied region (of reduced pressure) of the medium through w…
Infrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
Ultrasonic
Describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
14 terms
Conceptual Physics: Chapter 20 Summary of Terms
pitch
infrasonic
ultrasonic
compression
the highness or lowness of a tone; related to wave frequency
describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
describes a sound that has a frequency too high to be heard b…
a condensed region of the medium through which a longitudinal…
pitch
the highness or lowness of a tone; related to wave frequency
infrasonic
describes a sound that has a frequency too low to be heard by…
43 terms
Physics Test 2 - Conceptual Chapter 20
If the north poles of two bar magnets…
If the south pole of one bar magnet is…
If a bar magnet is divided into two eq…
The Earth's geographic North Pole is m…
repel.
attract.
two magnets result.
south pole.
If the north poles of two bar magnets…
repel.
If the south pole of one bar magnet is…
attract.
5 terms
Physics Chapter 20 Vocabulary
reverberation
refraction
natural frequency
forced vibration
- an echo due to multiple reflections of sound.
- bending of sound as it moves through air.
- the frequency at which an elastic object tends to move when…
- when an outside vibration makes an object vibrate.
reverberation
- an echo due to multiple reflections of sound.
refraction
- bending of sound as it moves through air.
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 32 - Electrostatics
Electric Forces
Charge
Columb
Atom
a force of attraction or repulsion determined by electrical c…
the fundamental property to which the mutual attractions or r…
SI unit of charge, abbreviated C; 1 C = 6.24 billion billion…
the smallest unit of a chemical element consisting of a colle…
Electric Forces
a force of attraction or repulsion determined by electrical c…
Charge
the fundamental property to which the mutual attractions or r…
20 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 2
speed
instantaneous speed
average speed
velocity
rate at which distance is covered
speed at an instant
total distance covered divided by total time
speed in a given direction
speed
rate at which distance is covered
instantaneous speed
speed at an instant
24 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
16 terms
Conceptual physics chapter 1
Scientific method
Controlled experiment
Control
Variable
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
group that is kept under normal conditions, used as a compari…
conditions that can be changed
Scientific method
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
Controlled experiment
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
25 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 27
What is a photon?
Which theory of light is the photon mo…
How long does it take for light to tra…
How long does it take light to travel…
a particle of light
particle theory
about 1000 s
about 8 min
What is a photon?
a particle of light
Which theory of light is the photon mo…
particle theory
9 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 2
Force
Net Force
Vector
Vector Quantity
a push or pull
The combination of all forces acting on an object
An arrow representing magnitude and direction
included magnitude and direction (ex: velocity)
Force
a push or pull
Net Force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
24 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
10 terms
Chapter 20- Conceptual
Three important advancs that have resu…
Purpose of sequencing
site directed mutagenesis
Why use probes?
Sequencing (useful for understanding on molecular level)... Muta…
to understand genes on molecular level
to identify gene sequences such as promoters and regularoty e…
to identify similar genes or RNA
Three important advancs that have resu…
Sequencing (useful for understanding on molecular level)... Muta…
Purpose of sequencing
to understand genes on molecular level
39 terms
Chapter 20 Conceptual
Which of the following industries woul…
The costs of goods acquired from suppl…
The costs of preparing, issuing, and p…
The costs that result from theft of in…
B) retail organizations
A) purchasing costs
B) ordering costs
A) shrinkage costs
Which of the following industries woul…
B) retail organizations
The costs of goods acquired from suppl…
A) purchasing costs
77 terms
Chapter 20 Conceptual Questions
Doubling the strength of the magnetic…
An electric current is induced in a co…
The magnetic flux is a measure of the…
A bar magnet is falling through a loop…
b. The induced emf is twice as much.
c. moving the loop parallel to uniform magnetic field lines
d. passing through a closed loop
b. is counterclockwise.
Doubling the strength of the magnetic…
b. The induced emf is twice as much.
An electric current is induced in a co…
c. moving the loop parallel to uniform magnetic field lines
20 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 26
What is the source of all sounds?
When frequency increases, what does pi…
What is the average frequency range of…
Define infrasonic.
Vibrating objects
Increases
20-20,000 Hz
Below 20 Hz
What is the source of all sounds?
Vibrating objects
When frequency increases, what does pi…
Increases
21 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 29
Angle of incidence
Angle of reflection
Critical angle
Diffuse reflection
when a light ray strikes a surface, the angle of incidence is…
the angle between a reflected ray and the normal
the angle of incidence that produces an angle of refraction o…
The reflection of waves in many directions from a rough surface
Angle of incidence
when a light ray strikes a surface, the angle of incidence is…
Angle of reflection
the angle between a reflected ray and the normal
9 terms
Chapter 20 Conceptual Assignment
Which of these gases were likely most…
At what altitude is the air pressure 8…
Global circulation is broken into thre…
Isobars are lines of constant atmosphe…
Hydrogen and Helium
2 km
Hadley cell
250 km
Which of these gases were likely most…
Hydrogen and Helium
At what altitude is the air pressure 8…
2 km
15 terms
Chapter 32: Electrostatics - Conceptual Physics
Electrostatics
Coulomb's Law
conductor
insulator
the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
electric force between charged objects depends on the distanc…
a device that allows electrons (electricity) to flow through…
a substance that does not allow electricity to flow through it.
Electrostatics
the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
Coulomb's Law
electric force between charged objects depends on the distanc…
25 terms
Conceptual Physics, Chapter 1 (Physics)
Scientific method
Problem (Observation)... Hypothesis... Exper…
Controlled experiment
Control
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
What are the 5 steps of the Scientific Method?
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
a group that is kept under normal conditions, used as a compa…
Scientific method
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
Problem (Observation)... Hypothesis... Exper…
What are the 5 steps of the Scientific Method?
13 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 28
spectrum
white light
pigment
additive primary colors
spread of colors
combination of all the colors
material that selectively absorbs colored light
red, green, and blue
spectrum
spread of colors
white light
combination of all the colors
27 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 25
amplitude
antinodes
blue shift
bow wave
The distance from the midpoint to the crest (or trough) of th…
The positions on a standing wave with the largest amplitudes
An increase in frequency
Crests overlap at the edges of a wave; these overlapping cres…
amplitude
The distance from the midpoint to the crest (or trough) of th…
antinodes
The positions on a standing wave with the largest amplitudes
16 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 1: About Science
Scientific method
Controlled experiment
Control
Variable
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
group that is kept under normal conditions, used as a compari…
conditions that can be changed
Scientific method
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
Controlled experiment
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
9 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 26
beats
compression
forced vibration
infrasonic
Periodic variation in the loudness of sound. Caused when two…
A pulse of compressed air. Example: consider a long room with…
The vibration of an object that is made to vibrate by another…
Sound waves with frequencies below 20 hertz. We cannot hear t…
beats
Periodic variation in the loudness of sound. Caused when two…
compression
A pulse of compressed air. Example: consider a long room with…
19 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 3: Linear Motion
Speed
Velocity
Vector quantity
Acceleration
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
Quantity in physics that has both magnitude and direction.
The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…
Speed
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
Velocity
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
78 terms
Conceptual Physics--cba, Conceptual Physics (TESC) Chapter 3, Chapter 4: Newton's 1st Law - Conceptual Physics
Speed
Velocity
Vector quantity
Acceleration
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
Quantity in physics that has both magnitude and direction.
The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…
Speed
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
Velocity
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
10 terms
conceptual physics ch 20 vocab
conduction
conductors
insulators
convention
the transfer of energy within materials and between different…
metals that conduct heat well
any material that is a poor conductor
heat transfer by movement of heated substance itself
conduction
the transfer of energy within materials and between different…
conductors
metals that conduct heat well
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 34 - Electric Current
Big idea
Flow of charge
Potential difference
Electric current
electric current is related to the voltage that produces it a…
When the ends of an electric conductor are at different elect…
a difference of voltage between ends of a conductor.
the flow of electric charge measured in amperes; ... The symbol…
Big idea
electric current is related to the voltage that produces it a…
Flow of charge
When the ends of an electric conductor are at different elect…
19 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 2: Linear Motion
Speed
Velocity
Vector quantity
Acceleration
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
Quantity in physics that has both magnitude and direction.
The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…
Speed
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
Velocity
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 34 + 35 - Electrical Circuits
Ohm
Volt
Amp
Circuit
the unit of resistance
the unit of voltage
the unit of current
any path along which electrons can follow
Ohm
the unit of resistance
Volt
the unit of voltage
10 terms
Chapter 7: Momentum - Conceptual Physics
Momentum
Impulse
Impulse - Momentum Theorum
Law of Conservation of Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity
The product of the force acting on the object and the time du…
Impulse is equal to the change in momentum of the object that…
In the absence of an external Force, the momentum of a system…
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity
Impulse
The product of the force acting on the object and the time du…
21 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time
13 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 27
electromagnetic spectrum
electromagnetic wave
infrared
light year
The range of electromagnetic waves - extending from radio wav…
Light is energy that is emitted by vibrating electric charges…
Electromagnetic waves of frequencies lower than the red of vi…
The distance light travels in one year. Example: light takes…
electromagnetic spectrum
The range of electromagnetic waves - extending from radio wav…
electromagnetic wave
Light is energy that is emitted by vibrating electric charges…
15 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 29
Normal
Dispersion
Angle of reflection
Diffuse reflection
Angles with a line perpendicular to the surface
Separation of light into colors arranged according to frequency
Angle made by reflected ray
When light is incident on a rough surface
Normal
Angles with a line perpendicular to the surface
Dispersion
Separation of light into colors arranged according to frequency
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