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28 terms
pharmacology chapter 22
Statins
all statins are contra indicated in
Adverse effects of statins
rhabdomyolysis
Interfere with the synthesis of cholesterol.... First drugs of c…
pregnancies.
headache, fatigue, muscle or joint pain, and heartburn, rarel…
is a breakdown of muscle fibers usually due to muscle trauma…
Statins
Interfere with the synthesis of cholesterol.... First drugs of c…
all statins are contra indicated in
pregnancies.
49 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 22
what is parkinsonism?
what is the most common form of parkin…
what is Parkinson's disease caused by?
what is the most common treatment moda…
a syndrome characterized by muscle rigidity, resting tremor,…
Parkinson's disease
neurodegeneration of the substantia nigra
increasing dopaminergic neurotransmission... - anticholinergics
what is parkinsonism?
a syndrome characterized by muscle rigidity, resting tremor,…
what is the most common form of parkin…
Parkinson's disease
57 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
The body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may e…
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
Stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria.
The name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
adverse reaction
The body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may e…
anaphylactic shock
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
18 terms
Chapter 22, Introduction to Pharmacology
atrioventricular node
atrioventricular bundle
automaticity
bundle branches
AV node, receives the electrical message from the SA node the…
also called the bundle of His, receives the electrical messag…
the ability of cells to spontaneously generate an electrical…
tissue that carries electrical signal impulse from the atriov…
atrioventricular node
AV node, receives the electrical message from the SA node the…
atrioventricular bundle
also called the bundle of His, receives the electrical messag…
57 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22: Anticonvulsants
Seizure
Convulsion
Diagnostic equipment of epilepsy:
EEG
results from abnormal electric discharges from the cerebral n…
involuntary paroxysmal muscular contractions.
EEG... CT... MRI
records abnormal electric discharfes of the cerebral cortex.
Seizure
results from abnormal electric discharges from the cerebral n…
Convulsion
involuntary paroxysmal muscular contractions.
Ch.22 Pharmacology-Words
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
a body's unexpected reaction to a drug-may endanger health or…
a life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria
the name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
adverse reaction
a body's unexpected reaction to a drug-may endanger health or…
anaphylactic shock
a life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
67 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
Hypertension is a major risk factor for:
The four stages of Hypertension:
When the specific cause of hypertensio…
Which is more common, essential or sec…
Coronary artery disease, CVD, and death from CVD
normal, prehypertension, stage 1 hypertension, stage 2 hypert…
Essential Hypertension
essential, accounts for about 90% of cases of hypertension
Hypertension is a major risk factor for:
Coronary artery disease, CVD, and death from CVD
The four stages of Hypertension:
normal, prehypertension, stage 1 hypertension, stage 2 hypert…
18 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
Apoprotein
Atherosclerosis
Bile acid sequestrant
Dyslipidemia
protein component of a lipoprotein
condition characterized by a buildup of fatty plaque and loss…
drug that binds bile acids
abnormal (excess or deficient) level of lipoproteins in the b…
Apoprotein
protein component of a lipoprotein
Atherosclerosis
condition characterized by a buildup of fatty plaque and loss…
64 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
Absence epilepsy
Alzheimer's Disease
Anticholinergis
Anticonvulsants
absence of convulsions characterized by a sudden 1- 30 sec lo…
Dementia characterized by a devasating progressive decline in…
Drugs that block the actions of the parasympathetic nervous s…
Medications used to reduce the number or severity of seizures…
Absence epilepsy
absence of convulsions characterized by a sudden 1- 30 sec lo…
Alzheimer's Disease
Dementia characterized by a devasating progressive decline in…
19 terms
CHAPTER 22 (PHARMACOLOGY)-OVERVIEW
Pharmacology:
Drug:
Pharmacodynamics:
Pharmacist:
Field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs, the…
Any substance that when taken into the body, may modify one o…
study of how drugs interact in the human body
One who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
Pharmacology:
Field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs, the…
Drug:
Any substance that when taken into the body, may modify one o…
8 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22 Vocabulary
Antipsychotic
Attention- Deficit Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Major Tranquilizer
Drug used to treat disorders involving thought process; dopam…
Behavioral syndrome characterized by an inability to concentr…
Behavioral disorder that involves extremes of depression alte…
Former name of antipsychotic drugs; the name is no longer use…
Antipsychotic
Drug used to treat disorders involving thought process; dopam…
Attention- Deficit Disorder
Behavioral syndrome characterized by an inability to concentr…
63 terms
Chapter 22- Pharmacology
What kind of drugs are those used to t…
Psychotherapeutic agent drugs do not...
What disease has the characteristics o…
What disease has the characteristics o…
psychotherapeutic agents
cure this disorder
schizophrenia
bipolar disorder
What kind of drugs are those used to t…
psychotherapeutic agents
Psychotherapeutic agent drugs do not...
cure this disorder
61 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22, Hypertension
Angiotensin II
Cardiac Output
Peripheral Vascular Resistance
Diastolic Blood Pressure
a potent vasoconstrictor, __________ is produced when the ren…
is defined as the volume of blood ejected from the left ventr…
is defined as resistance to the flow of blood in peripheral a…
is the measure of blood pressure when the heart is at rest (d…
Angiotensin II
a potent vasoconstrictor, __________ is produced when the ren…
Cardiac Output
is defined as the volume of blood ejected from the left ventr…
33 terms
Pharmacology-Chapter 22, 23, 24, and 26
Cardiac output
Chronic heart failure (CHF)
Hypercalcemia
Hyperkalemia
The amount of blood pumped per minute
Condition in which the heart is unable to pump sufficient blo…
High serum calcium
High serum potassium
Cardiac output
The amount of blood pumped per minute
Chronic heart failure (CHF)
Condition in which the heart is unable to pump sufficient blo…
90 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
How do you calculate blood pressure?
What is the definition of hypertension?
What are the risks associated with hyp…
Who are more at risk for cardiovascula…
Cardiac output X Systemic vascular resistance
High blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure persistently exc…
Coronary artery disease, cardiovascular disease, death, strok…
people 40-70 years of age.
How do you calculate blood pressure?
Cardiac output X Systemic vascular resistance
What is the definition of hypertension?
High blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure persistently exc…
39 terms
Pharmacology chapter 22
alpha 1 blockers
antihypertensive drugs
cardiac output
centrally acting adrenergic drugs
drugs that primarily cause arterial and venous dilation throu…
medications used to treat hypertension
the amount of blood ejected from the left ventricle, measured…
drugs that modify the function of the sympathetic nervous sys…
alpha 1 blockers
drugs that primarily cause arterial and venous dilation throu…
antihypertensive drugs
medications used to treat hypertension
37 terms
Anticonvulsants chapter 22 pharmacology
seizure
Convulsion
Electroencephalogram
Causes of seizures
abnormal electric discharges from the cerebral neurons ... Char…
Involuntary paroxysmal muscular contraction
computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI…
75% are primary or idiopathic (unknown cause) ... Others are due…
seizure
abnormal electric discharges from the cerebral neurons ... Char…
Convulsion
Involuntary paroxysmal muscular contraction
9 terms
Chapter 22 UTA Pharmacology
Alpha, Blockers
Antihypertensive drugs
Cardiac Output
Centrally acting adrenergic drugs
Drugs that primarily cause arterial and venous dilation throu…
Medications used to treat hypertension
The amount of blood ejected from the left ventricle.
Drugs that modify the function of the sympathetic nervous sys…
Alpha, Blockers
Drugs that primarily cause arterial and venous dilation throu…
Antihypertensive drugs
Medications used to treat hypertension
30 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 22
Hypertension is signified by:
Which of the following is the innermos…
The two factors that affect the flow r…
Which of the following terms means blo…
A blood pressure of more than 140/90 mm Hg
Tunica interna
pressure and resistance
arterial pressure
Hypertension is signified by:
A blood pressure of more than 140/90 mm Hg
Which of the following is the innermos…
Tunica interna
31 terms
Pharmacology chapter 22
what is a seizure
what percentage of seizures are idiopa…
what is a convulsion
what are some causes of seizures
disturbance of the brains electrical activity that may result…
50-70%
involuntary, violent spasms of large skeletal muscles of the…
tumor, trauma, CVA, brain infections
what is a seizure
disturbance of the brains electrical activity that may result…
what percentage of seizures are idiopa…
50-70%
58 terms
Chapter 22 Anticonvulsants (Pharmacology)
A person may have ___________ but not…
a chronic life long seizure disorder
Abnormal Electrical discharges that oc…
Seizure: Abnormal _____________ that o…
isolated seizures
Epilepsy
Seizure
electrical discharges; loss of consciousness; cognitive distu…
A person may have ___________ but not…
isolated seizures
a chronic life long seizure disorder
Epilepsy
49 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22 Anticonvulsants
A seizure results from
Convulsion
EEG
Of all seizures, 75% are considered to…
abnormal electric discharges from the cerebral neurons and is…
involuntary paroxysmal muscular contractions
electroencephalogram
idiopathic
A seizure results from
abnormal electric discharges from the cerebral neurons and is…
Convulsion
involuntary paroxysmal muscular contractions
39 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22-25
clonidine
doxazosin
carvedilol
nebivolol
*Catepres... *Antihypertensive... *Alpha 2 - Adrenergic Receptor St…
*Cardura... *Antihypertensive... *Alpha 1 Blocker... *reduces peripher…
*Coreg... *Antihypertensive... *Dual-Action Alpha 1 and Beta Recept…
*Bystolic... *Antihypertensive... *Beta Receptor Blocker... *used in h…
clonidine
*Catepres... *Antihypertensive... *Alpha 2 - Adrenergic Receptor St…
doxazosin
*Cardura... *Antihypertensive... *Alpha 1 Blocker... *reduces peripher…
48 terms
Chapter 22: Pharmacology
pharmacist
schedule I drugs
schedule V drugs
anaphylactic shock
one who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the united…
small potential for abuse or addiction. these drugs may be or…
a life threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
pharmacist
one who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
schedule I drugs
not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the united…
85 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
A treatment for excessive salivation.
Fluid made in the liver and stored in…
Inflammation of the large intestine (t…
Medication used to promote the coughin…
Antisialagogue
Bile
Colitis
Expectorant
A treatment for excessive salivation.
Antisialagogue
Fluid made in the liver and stored in…
Bile
32 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
triglycerides
energy
phospholipids
lecithins
The most common type of lipids are the ______, or neutral fat…
Triglycerides are the major storage form of fat in the body a…
_____ are lipids that are essential to building plasma membra…
The best known phospholipids are _____, which are found in hi…
triglycerides
The most common type of lipids are the ______, or neutral fat…
energy
Triglycerides are the major storage form of fat in the body a…
23 terms
Chapter 22 pharmacology
Hypertension
Primary essential hypertension
Three factors influencing blood pressure
How do we manipulate these factors to…
High blood pressure 140/90
No known cause and is 90% of hypertension
Cardiac output peripheral resistance and the blood volume
Lower them
Hypertension
High blood pressure 140/90
Primary essential hypertension
No known cause and is 90% of hypertension
80 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
Scheduled drugs
Schedule 1 drugs
Schedule 5 drugs
United states Pharmacopeia/National fo…
Drugs that fall under the Controlled Substances Act
Drugs not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the…
Have a small potential for abuse or addiction. No limit on re…
Contains the formulas and information that provide the standa…
Scheduled drugs
Drugs that fall under the Controlled Substances Act
Schedule 1 drugs
Drugs not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the…
62 terms
Chapter 22: Pharmacology
schedule 1
schedule 2
schedule 5
anaphylactic shock
Schedule I drugs are not considered to be legitimate for medi…
Schedule II drugs have accepted medical use but have a high p…
Schedule V drugs have a small potential for abuse or addictio…
A life-threatening hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
schedule 1
Schedule I drugs are not considered to be legitimate for medi…
schedule 2
Schedule II drugs have accepted medical use but have a high p…
66 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
The body's reaction to a drug in a unexpected way that may en…
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
Stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria.
The name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
adverse reaction
The body's reaction to a drug in a unexpected way that may en…
anaphylactic shock
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
48 terms
Chapter 22 - Pharmacology
Drug Schedule I
Drug Schedule V
anaphylactic shock
brand name
are not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the US…
have a small potential for abuse or addiction. These drugs ma…
a life threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
the name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
Drug Schedule I
are not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the US…
Drug Schedule V
have a small potential for abuse or addiction. These drugs ma…
47 terms
Chapter 22 - Pharmacology
Schedule I Drugs
Schedule V Drugs
anaphylactic shock
brand name
Not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the United…
Have a small potential for abuse or addiction. These drugs ma…
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
The name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
Schedule I Drugs
Not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the United…
Schedule V Drugs
Have a small potential for abuse or addiction. These drugs ma…
15 terms
Pharmacology chapter 22
Blood pressure
Unknown cause
50 million
Parasympathetic nervous system
Blood pressure = CO × SVR ... CO = cardiac output... SVR = systemic…
Essential, idiopathic, or primary hypertension... 90% of cases
The number of people with hypertension in the United States i…
Stimulates smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, glands
Blood pressure
Blood pressure = CO × SVR ... CO = cardiac output... SVR = systemic…
Unknown cause
Essential, idiopathic, or primary hypertension... 90% of cases
149 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
the body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may e…
a life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs…
stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria
the name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
adverse reaction
the body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may e…
anaphylactic shock
a life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs…
25 terms
Chapter 22: Pharmacology
efficacy
potency
half-life
prophylactic
therapeutic value of drug
amount of drug needed to produce the needed effect
amount of time it takes 50% of drug to be eliminated from the…
any drug used to prevent disease
efficacy
therapeutic value of drug
potency
amount of drug needed to produce the needed effect
144 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacist
Field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs, the…
Any substance that when taken into the body, may modify one o…
Study of how drugs interact in the human body
One who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
Pharmacology
Field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs, the…
Drug
Any substance that when taken into the body, may modify one o…
Pharmacology Chapter 22
Anticonvulsants/ Antiepileptic Drugs
Phenytoin (Dilantin)Trea
Barbiturates
Succinimide... Ethosuximide (Zarontin)
Action: suppress abnormal neuron firing
Suppress sodium influx... Therapuetic level: 10 - 20 mcg/mL... NO P…
-Shake for 5 min ... -Treats partial seizures, grand mal seizure…
-Therapuetic level= 40- 100 mcg/ML... -AR: blood dyscrasias, ren…
Anticonvulsants/ Antiepileptic Drugs
Action: suppress abnormal neuron firing
Phenytoin (Dilantin)Trea
Suppress sodium influx... Therapuetic level: 10 - 20 mcg/mL... NO P…
16 terms
Pharmacology chapter 22
Pharmacology
There are five thing used for drug
Most drugs have three types of names
Phytomedicine
Study of drug.... History, origin and source
-Therapeutic ... -diagnostic ... -curative ... -replacements ... -prevent…
-Chemical name ... -genetic name ... -brand name
Used the plant to promote optimum health .
Pharmacology
Study of drug.... History, origin and source
There are five thing used for drug
-Therapeutic ... -diagnostic ... -curative ... -replacements ... -prevent…
66 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
The body's reaction to a drug in a unexpected way that may en…
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
Stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria.
The name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
adverse reaction
The body's reaction to a drug in a unexpected way that may en…
anaphylactic shock
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
57 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
The body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may e…
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
Stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria.
The name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufactu…
adverse reaction
The body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may e…
anaphylactic shock
A life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
25 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22
Anticonvulsants
Epilepsy
Generalized Seizures
Partial Seizure
Are used to reduce the number or severity of seizures in pati…
Which is a recurrence of unprovoked seizures, is characterize…
Bilaterally symmetrical and without local onset; further clas…
Also known as temporal lobe or psychomotor seizures onset lim…
Anticonvulsants
Are used to reduce the number or severity of seizures in pati…
Epilepsy
Which is a recurrence of unprovoked seizures, is characterize…
19 terms
Pharmacology chapter 22
Congestive heart failure CHF
Blood pressure
Cardiac output
Stroke volume
A condition in which the heart pumps blood at an insufficient…
Commonly means arterial pressure, pressure created in the ves…
Volume of blood pumped per minute.
Amount of blood pumped by a ventricle in one minute.
Congestive heart failure CHF
A condition in which the heart pumps blood at an insufficient…
Blood pressure
Commonly means arterial pressure, pressure created in the ves…
99 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
kinet/o
thec/o
script/o
q.i.d.
moving
sheath
writing
four times per day
kinet/o
moving
thec/o
sheath
58 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
Drug I
Drug II
Drug V
anaphylactic shock
Not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the US. Us…
Have accepted medical use but have high potential for abuse o…
Have small potential for abuse or addiction. May be ordered b…
life threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs
Drug I
Not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the US. Us…
Drug II
Have accepted medical use but have high potential for abuse o…
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
analgesic
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
buccal medication
relieves pain, aspirin, bayer children's aspirin
severe idiosyncratic reaction; acute respiratory distress, hy…
stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria
medication placed in the mouth next to the cheek, where it is…
analgesic
relieves pain, aspirin, bayer children's aspirin
anaphylactic shock
severe idiosyncratic reaction; acute respiratory distress, hy…
62 terms
Chapter 22: Pharmacology
schedule 1
schedule 2
schedule 5
anaphylactic shock
Schedule I drugs are not considered to be legitimate for medi…
Schedule II drugs have accepted medical use but have a high p…
Schedule V drugs have a small potential for abuse or addictio…
A life-threatening hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.…
schedule 1
Schedule I drugs are not considered to be legitimate for medi…
schedule 2
Schedule II drugs have accepted medical use but have a high p…
92 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may endan…
life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs
stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria.
name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufacturer.
adverse reaction
body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may endan…
anaphylactic shock
life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs
175 terms
Chapter 22- Pharmacology
analgesic
antihistamine
histamine
drug
-ic= pertaining to... an-= without... -alges-= sensation of pain... Su…
anti-= against ... -hist-= derived from histidine... -amin/e= nitro…
-hist-= derived from histidine... -amin/e= nitrogen compound... Com…
Old English: drug... A therapeutic agent or an addictive substance
analgesic
-ic= pertaining to... an-= without... -alges-= sensation of pain... Su…
antihistamine
anti-= against ... -hist-= derived from histidine... -amin/e= nitro…
59 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
adverse reaction
anaphylactic shock
bacteriostatic
brand name
The body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that my en…
A life threating reaction to food or drugs.
stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria
The name under which the drug is sold and named by a specific…
adverse reaction
The body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that my en…
anaphylactic shock
A life threating reaction to food or drugs.
99 terms
Chapter 22 Pharmacology
analgestic
antihistamine
histamine
drug
substance that produces a reduction in sensation of pain
drug used to treat allergic symptoms because of its action an…
compound liberated in tissues as a result of injury or an all…
a therapeutic agent or an addictive
analgestic
substance that produces a reduction in sensation of pain
antihistamine
drug used to treat allergic symptoms because of its action an…
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