How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "chapter 3 biology cells"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "chapter 3 biology cells"

54 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3
Do cells violate the laws of thermodyn…
How do heterotrophs get energy?
How do autotrophs get energy?
What is catabolism?
No, order brings heat release and energy dispersal to the env…
Food molecules
Sunlight
Breakdown of molecules
Do cells violate the laws of thermodyn…
No, order brings heat release and energy dispersal to the env…
How do heterotrophs get energy?
Food molecules
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
12 terms
biology chapter 3 cells
cytoskeleton
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
found in a eukaryotic cell, a network of proteins that is con…
a storehouse for most genetic information, or DNA
an interconnected network of thin folded membranes,
tiny organisms that link amino acids together to form proteins
cytoskeleton
found in a eukaryotic cell, a network of proteins that is con…
nucleus
a storehouse for most genetic information, or DNA
68 terms
Chapter 3 Cell Biology
prokaryotes
Structures of bacterial cell
Capsule
Pilus
single-celled life: bacteria and archaea
1. Capsule.... 2. Pilus (pili).... 3. Ribosomes.... 4. Nucleoid.... 5. Fl…
Sticky outer coat surrounding the cell wall of bacteria provi…
Short projections that can attach to surfaces or other prokar…
prokaryotes
single-celled life: bacteria and archaea
Structures of bacterial cell
1. Capsule.... 2. Pilus (pili).... 3. Ribosomes.... 4. Nucleoid.... 5. Fl…
13 terms
Biology chapter 3: Cells
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
Plant cells
Animal cells
Do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles
Have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Have chloroplasts and cell walls
Do not contain chloroplasts and cell walls
Prokaryotic cells
Do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles
Eukaryotic cells
Have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
24 terms
Biology chapter 3 Cell Transport
Concentration
Concentration gradient
Passive transport
Diffusion
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
the process of molecular movement which does not require energy
the net movement of molecules down a concentration gradient
Concentration
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
Concentration gradient
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Cells
cell theory
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
the concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
cells that lack internal membrane-bound organelles
cells that contain membrane-bound organelles, including a cen…
the membrane-bound compartments of eukaryotic cells that carr…
cell theory
the concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
prokaryotic cells
cells that lack internal membrane-bound organelles
7 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
Quarternary
Covalent bonds between alpha carboxyl of one amino and the al…
H bonds among back bone atoms to fold as beta sheets or alpha…
R group to R group interactions between amino acids of the sa…
R groups from different polypeptides interations
Primary
Covalent bonds between alpha carboxyl of one amino and the al…
Secondary
H bonds among back bone atoms to fold as beta sheets or alpha…
50 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Cells
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic cell
Plasma Membrane
The most basic unit of any organism is the cell, the... smallest…
does not have a nucleus; its DNA simply resides in the... cytopl…
a central control structure called a nucleus, which contains…
encompasses the cell
Cell Theory
The most basic unit of any organism is the cell, the... smallest…
Prokaryotic Cell
does not have a nucleus; its DNA simply resides in the... cytopl…
63 terms
Chapter 3 Cell Biology
The most important advantage of transm…
If a cell doubled in diameter, it woul…
In the plasma membrane, glycolipids an…
A cell's second messengers serve to tr…
TRUE
FALSE
FALSE
FALSE
The most important advantage of transm…
TRUE
If a cell doubled in diameter, it woul…
FALSE
185 terms
Chapter 3 Cell Biology
Cell
Cytology
Cytologists
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
Basic unit of life
Study of cell
People who know every detail of cells
3 principle parts of cell
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cytology
Study of cell
66 terms
Chapter 3: Cell Biology
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
Forms the outer boundary of the cell, through which the cell…
Located between the plasma membrane and the nucleus. Composed…
Fluid portion of the cytoplasm.
Specialized structures within cells that perform specific fun…
Plasma Membrane
Forms the outer boundary of the cell, through which the cell…
Cytoplasm
Located between the plasma membrane and the nucleus. Composed…
86 terms
The Cell chapter 3 biology
Lysosome
Cell wall
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Cytoplasm
Breaks down substances using enzymes; worn out cell parts and…
Makes some cells rigid and for storage; protects and supports…
Folded organelle that makes protein
The contents of the cell minus the nucleus
Lysosome
Breaks down substances using enzymes; worn out cell parts and…
Cell wall
Makes some cells rigid and for storage; protects and supports…
44 terms
Chapter 3 Cell Biology
define cells
describe cell theory
define prokaryotic
define eukaryotic
structural and functional units of all living organisms
- organismal functions depend on individual and collective ce…
a single celled organisms that lacks a membrane bound nucleus…
any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other structur…
define cells
structural and functional units of all living organisms
describe cell theory
- organismal functions depend on individual and collective ce…
57 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
17 terms
Biology chapter 3 cells
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoskeleton
cytoplasm
only plant cells, support/protection
cell boundary, controls movement, waterproof, controls in/out…
protein fibers to support, transport, move cells
jelly-like material holding organelles in space, inside cell
cell wall
only plant cells, support/protection
cell membrane
cell boundary, controls movement, waterproof, controls in/out…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 3 "Cells"
shape
organelles
cytoplasm
phosolipids, cholesterol, and proteins
cell's functions is based on their ____
perform specific functions for the cell
where are organelles
the cell membrane consists of (3)
shape
cell's functions is based on their ____
organelles
perform specific functions for the cell
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology chapter 3 cells
Vacuole
Lysosome
Ribosomes
Golgi complex
Stores materials
Breaks down foreign materials and old or damaged
Makes proteins
Takes in modifies packages and ships out molecules
Vacuole
Stores materials
Lysosome
Breaks down foreign materials and old or damaged
17 terms
chapter 3 - cell biology
marks the boundary between the nonlivi…
consists of cells contained in bacteri…
belongs to the domain Eukarya which co…
cell theory
the cell
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
states that all organisms are made up of basic living units c…
marks the boundary between the nonlivi…
the cell
consists of cells contained in bacteri…
prokaryotic cells
117 terms
Chapter 3 - Cell Biology
Active Transport
ATP
Sodium - Potassium Exchange Pump
Countertransport
Transport that requires energy
What type of energy is used during Active Transport?
The act of moving 3 Na+ out of the cell and 2 K+ into the cel…
Two ions moving at the same time in different directions
Active Transport
Transport that requires energy
ATP
What type of energy is used during Active Transport?
82 terms
Chapter 3 cells and tissues biology II
adenosine triphosphate
apoptosis
centromere
chondrocytes
ATP. Chemical compound that provides energy for use in body c…
programmed cell death by means of several biochemical process…
The beadlike structure that holds together two chromatids
cartilage cell
adenosine triphosphate
ATP. Chemical compound that provides energy for use in body c…
apoptosis
programmed cell death by means of several biochemical process…
15 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3
Catalysis
Active Site
Activation Energy
Enzymes
- Most enzymes are in the form of proteins... - Enzymes are very…
where the substrates (reactants) bind to a specific location…
An atom or molecule requires a boost over an energy barrier b…
Lowers activation energy for catalyzed reaction... - provide a m…
Catalysis
- Most enzymes are in the form of proteins... - Enzymes are very…
Active Site
where the substrates (reactants) bind to a specific location…
18 terms
Biology cells chapter 3
Phospholipids
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Starch
Form the cell membrane
Store energy and provide shape
A group of Chemicals that include fats, oils and waxes
Plants store energy at this
Phospholipids
Form the cell membrane
Carbohydrates
Store energy and provide shape
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
72 terms
Cell Biology - Chapter 3
Metanine
Amino acids
Amino Acid structure
Hydrophobic amino acids
first amino acid in most proteins
-Each has a unique side chain, called an R group... -All amino a…
-r-group... -hydrogen... -carboxyl group... -Amino group
have non polar r group
Metanine
first amino acid in most proteins
Amino acids
-Each has a unique side chain, called an R group... -All amino a…
15 terms
Chapter 3, Cell Biology
Metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Entropy
The sum total of all chemical reactions a cell needs to carry…
Break down foodstuffs into smaller molecules. Useful form of…
Or biosynthetic. Use energy from catabolism to drive synthesi…
Measure of disorder in a system
Metabolism
The sum total of all chemical reactions a cell needs to carry…
Catabolic pathways
Break down foodstuffs into smaller molecules. Useful form of…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cytology
Cell
Differentiation
Emergent Properties
study of all aspects of a cell
smallest functional units of an organism
process to produce all the required cell types of an organism
properties that depend on the interactions between all the di…
Cytology
study of all aspects of a cell
Cell
smallest functional units of an organism
28 terms
Chapter 3: Cell Biology
Robert Hooke
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schließen and Theodor Schwann
Modern Cell Theory
First to see & name cells... -improvements to compound microscop…
Invented a simple (single lens) microscope with great magnifi…
-Used new microscopes to examine many specimens... -Resulted in…
-all organisms are composed of cells and cell products... -cell…
Robert Hooke
First to see & name cells... -improvements to compound microscop…
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Invented a simple (single lens) microscope with great magnifi…
32 terms
Chapter 3: Cell Biology
Plasma or Cell Membrane
Nucleus (function)
Cytoplasm
Organelles
the outer boundaries of the cell; through this the cell inter…
located centrally; directs cell activities
where cell activities take place; located between the plasma…
specialized structures that preform specific functions
Plasma or Cell Membrane
the outer boundaries of the cell; through this the cell inter…
Nucleus (function)
located centrally; directs cell activities
19 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Cells
cell theory
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
the concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
cells that lack internal membrane-bound organelles
cells that contain membrane-bound organelles, including a cen…
the membrane-bound compartments of eukaryotic cells that carr…
cell theory
the concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
prokaryotic cells
cells that lack internal membrane-bound organelles
32 terms
Biology cells chapter3
Ecology
Species
Community
Biome
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
Assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant c…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Species
Group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
18 terms
Biology, Chapter 3: Cells
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Vesicles
Mitochondria
Tiny Organelles That Link Amino Acids Together To Form Proteins
Closely Layered Stacks Of Membrane Enclosed Spaces That Proce…
Small Membrane Bound Sacs That Divide Some Materials From The…
Supply Energy To The Cell
Ribosomes
Tiny Organelles That Link Amino Acids Together To Form Proteins
Golgi Apparatus
Closely Layered Stacks Of Membrane Enclosed Spaces That Proce…
37 terms
Biology, Chapter 3: Cells
Cell
Cell Theory
Unicellular
Multicellular
Smallest unit of life that can function independently and per…
1. All living organisms are made up of 1+ cells... 2. All cells…
Organism containing one cell
Organism containing many cells
Cell
Smallest unit of life that can function independently and per…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are made up of 1+ cells... 2. All cells…
58 terms
Biology Chapter 3: Cells
Organelles
Cell Discovery
Cell Theory Creators
Cell Theory
individual cell structures with definite roles
Robert Hooke (1663) ... -Looks at cork: sees remains of cells... L…
Schleiden: all plants are made of cells... Schwann: all animals…
-All living things are made up of 1 or more cells... -Cells are…
Organelles
individual cell structures with definite roles
Cell Discovery
Robert Hooke (1663) ... -Looks at cork: sees remains of cells... L…
147 terms
Chapter 3-Cell Biology
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
organelles
Nucleus
cell membrane, forms the outer boundary of the cell, through…
located between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
specialized structures in cells that perform specific functions
The control center of the cell; DNA within the nucleus regula…
Plasma Membrane
cell membrane, forms the outer boundary of the cell, through…
Cytoplasm
located between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
65 terms
Chapter 3: Cell Biology
plasma membrane
nucleus
organelles
cytoplasm
outer cell boundary through which the cell interacts with its…
control center of the cell; contains DNA which regulates prot…
specialized structures within a cell
located between plasma membrane and nucleus; where many activ…
plasma membrane
outer cell boundary through which the cell interacts with its…
nucleus
control center of the cell; contains DNA which regulates prot…
19 terms
Chapter 3 - Cell Biology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotic Cells
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
single cell life forms and have no nucleus, have no compartme…
contain nucleus, animal cells and plant cells, contain organe…
membranous structure that houses DNA and has a separate envir…
composed of phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins, carbohydrat…
Prokaryotes
single cell life forms and have no nucleus, have no compartme…
Eukaryotic Cells
contain nucleus, animal cells and plant cells, contain organe…
46 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 Cells
Cell
Cell theory
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
the smallest unit of life that can function independently and…
The fact that all living organisms are made up of one or more…
has a central control system called the nucleus, which contai…
does not have a nucleus, its DNA resides in the cytoplasm.
Cell
the smallest unit of life that can function independently and…
Cell theory
The fact that all living organisms are made up of one or more…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3:Cell Structure and Function
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
•All organisms are made of cells.... • all existing cells produc…
Cytoplasm is a jellylike substance that contains dissolved mo…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
Do not have another nucleus or other membrane bound organelles
Cell theory
•All organisms are made of cells.... • all existing cells produc…
Cytoplasm
Cytoplasm is a jellylike substance that contains dissolved mo…
35 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3
Structural Proteins
Enzymes
Motility proteins
Regulatory proteins
provide physical support and shape to cell and organelles
serve as catalysts that increase rates of thousands of chemic…
play role in the concentration and movements of cells and int…
responsible for control and coordination of cellular functions
Structural Proteins
provide physical support and shape to cell and organelles
Enzymes
serve as catalysts that increase rates of thousands of chemic…
41 terms
Biology chapter 3 Cells
Who saw first cells and what were they?
Who saw first living cells?
What did the guy who saw first living…
Cell Theory was developed by whom?
Robert Hooke saw dead cork
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
animicules and wee beasties
Theodor Schwan, Matthias Schlein, Rudolph Virchow
Who saw first cells and what were they?
Robert Hooke saw dead cork
Who saw first living cells?
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Biology Chapter 3
monomers of proteins
structural proteins
motility proteins
regulatory proteins
amino acids
provide physical support and shape to cells and organelles
play key roles in contraction and movement of cells and intra…
responsible for control and coordination of cellular functions
monomers of proteins
amino acids
structural proteins
provide physical support and shape to cells and organelles
40 terms
Chapter 3 (Cell Biology)
membrane potential
glycocalyx
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
an electrical charge difference across the plasma membrane
collection of glycolipids, glycoproteins, and carbohydrates o…
loves water
hates water
membrane potential
an electrical charge difference across the plasma membrane
glycocalyx
collection of glycolipids, glycoproteins, and carbohydrates o…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
77 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 3: Cells
Named "cells" because they look like _…
All ________ are made up of one or mor…
Cells are the ____ _____ __ _______ an…
All cells come from _______ _____
prison cells
organisms
basic units of structure
preexisting cells
Named "cells" because they look like _…
prison cells
All ________ are made up of one or mor…
organisms
30 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
41 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3
Chromosomes
Nucleus
Plasma Membrane
Cell Wall
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
A membrane‐bound organelle in eukaryotic cells functioning to…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
Chromosomes
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
Nucleus
A membrane‐bound organelle in eukaryotic cells functioning to…
4 of 10