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Study sets matching "chapter 3 marine biology ocean"

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Study sets matching "chapter 3 marine biology ocean"

18 terms
Marine Bio Chapter 3: Geology of the Ocean
Rift communities (or deep-sea vent com…
Bathygraphic features
Continental margin
Continental shelves
are communities of marine organisms that depend on the specia…
are physical features of the ocean bottom
is the ocean bottom that lies beneath the neritic zone
are the shallow, submerged extensions of continents
Rift communities (or deep-sea vent com…
are communities of marine organisms that depend on the specia…
Bathygraphic features
are physical features of the ocean bottom
23 terms
Marine biology - Chapter 3: Chemical and Physical Features of Seawater and the World Ocean
1 ... What is water?
2 ... As the temperature of water rises,…
3 ... Water is most dense
4 ... In boiling water, nearly all of the…
Hydrogen and oxygen units... A polar molecule... A substance with…
Water molecules break free of hydrogen bonds.
At 4°C.
True
1 ... What is water?
Hydrogen and oxygen units... A polar molecule... A substance with…
2 ... As the temperature of water rises,…
Water molecules break free of hydrogen bonds.
15 terms
Marine Biology-Chapter 16 Geology of the Ocean
Geology
Marine Geologists
Continental Drift
Mantle
The study of the development and physical characteristics of…
Scientists who specialize in the study of geological features…
Wegener's theory that suggests that the continents were not a…
Region of geologic activity between the core and the crust
Geology
The study of the development and physical characteristics of…
Marine Geologists
Scientists who specialize in the study of geological features…
62 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Crest
Trough
Wave height
Wave length
highest part of the wave
lowest part of the wave
Vertical distance between crest and trough
Horizontal Distance between crest and trough
Crest
highest part of the wave
Trough
lowest part of the wave
52 terms
marine biology chapter 3
absolute dating
asthenosphere
basalt
body wave
determining the age of a geological sample by calculating rad…
The hot, plastic layer of the upper mantle below the lithosph…
The relatively heavy crustal rock that forms the seabeds, com…
seismic waves that travel through Earth's interior
absolute dating
determining the age of a geological sample by calculating rad…
asthenosphere
The hot, plastic layer of the upper mantle below the lithosph…
69 terms
Marine Biology-Chapter 3
World Ocean
Ocean Basin
Ocean
Southern/Antarctic Ocean
a continuous mass of water that covers most of the planet
a portion of the deep ocean floor
the body of water in an ocean basin
the water surrounding the continent of Antartica
World Ocean
a continuous mass of water that covers most of the planet
Ocean Basin
a portion of the deep ocean floor
47 terms
Marine bio chapter 3 ocean circulation
Coriolis effect
Wind patterns
Tradewinds
Westlies
The tendency of ocean and wind currents to move in a slightly…
Surface air that is driven by heat from the sun and move toge…
The wind pattern that is directed towards the equator and is…
The winds in the middle latitude
Coriolis effect
The tendency of ocean and wind currents to move in a slightly…
Wind patterns
Surface air that is driven by heat from the sun and move toge…
44 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
hydrogen bonds
element
Ice (solid water)
Water (liquid):
when hydrogen and oxygen stick together
a substance made of one type of atom
Less dense than water and forms crystals
Held together by hydrogen bonds. More dense than ice. Univers…
hydrogen bonds
when hydrogen and oxygen stick together
element
a substance made of one type of atom
Chapter 3- Marine Biology
Atom
Element
Molecules
Hydrogen bonds
The smallest unit into which an element can be divided and st…
A substance that consists of atoms of the same kind and that…
A combination of two or more atoms
Weak bonds between water molecules that result from an attrac…
Atom
The smallest unit into which an element can be divided and st…
Element
A substance that consists of atoms of the same kind and that…
20 terms
Marine Biology-Chapter 17 Climate and the Ocean
Radiant energy
angle of insolation
ocean breeze/onshore flow
land breeze
energy produced from the sun that travels through space as li…
the angle in which the light rays strike the earth's surface
wind that you feel close to the ocean due to the oceans coole…
when warmer air from the land moves seaward
Radiant energy
energy produced from the sun that travels through space as li…
angle of insolation
the angle in which the light rays strike the earth's surface
74 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3 - Marine Environments
Which life zone is more productive, th…
How are some benthic organisms adapted…
Why might it be hard for deep-sea fish…
What factors influence the zonation al…
The Neritic zone is more productive because rivers that conta…
The benthic zone actually includes the entire ocean floor, fr…
There are fewer communities of organisms in the aphotic zone,…
Sandy beaches are composed of sand, a loose sediment that is…
Which life zone is more productive, th…
The Neritic zone is more productive because rivers that conta…
How are some benthic organisms adapted…
The benthic zone actually includes the entire ocean floor, fr…
Marine Biology: Chapter 3
Ecology
Individuals
Populations
Species
study of interactions between organisms and their environments
single organism
group of individuals; all the same species
genetically isolated from others
Ecology
study of interactions between organisms and their environments
Individuals
single organism
Marine biology chapter 3
Abyssal hill
Abyssal plain
Asthenosphere
Biogenous sediment
Hills on the ocean floor formed by volcanic activity.
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin.
The region of mantle that lies below the earth's crust.
Sediments that formed from the remains of living organisms
Abyssal hill
Hills on the ocean floor formed by volcanic activity.
Abyssal plain
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin.
12 terms
Marine biology chapter 3
Bathymetry
Old lithosphere is destroyed here
New lithosphere is created here
Abyssal hill
Measuring the vertical distance from the ocean surface to the…
Trenches
Ridges or rifts
A small, rounded, submerged,volcanic hill that rises less tha…
Bathymetry
Measuring the vertical distance from the ocean surface to the…
Old lithosphere is destroyed here
Trenches
37 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
What type of chemical bond holds hydro…
Which chemical bonds hold one water mo…
What chemical bonds are responsible fo…
Define Heat Capacity
Covalent Bonds
Hydrogen Bonds
Hydrogen Bonds
Amount of heat needed to raise a substance's temperature by a…
What type of chemical bond holds hydro…
Covalent Bonds
Which chemical bonds hold one water mo…
Hydrogen Bonds
Marine Biology Chapter 3
How is Salinity measured
Least Salty
Most Salty
Long Island Sound
PPT (Parts Per Thousand)
Baltic Sea (7 PPT)
Oceans (35 PPT)
18 PPT
How is Salinity measured
PPT (Parts Per Thousand)
Least Salty
Baltic Sea (7 PPT)
21 terms
Marine Biology: Chapter 2: Measuring the Ocean
clarity
corer
decompression
density
the state or quality of being clear or transparent to the eye
a cylindrical device used to obtain a sample of sediment from…
the gradual return of persons (divers) or conditions to norma…
the mass of an object per unit volume
clarity
the state or quality of being clear or transparent to the eye
corer
a cylindrical device used to obtain a sample of sediment from…
59 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
Wavelength
Period
Frequency
Velocity
m/wave
sec/wave
wave/sec
m/sec
Wavelength
m/wave
Period
sec/wave
14 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Define Matter
What is an atom?
What forms can you find atoms in?
What is H2O?
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Therefore, matter…
An atom is the smallest recognizable portion of an element.
Singular... Molecules, many atoms together.
Water
Define Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Therefore, matter…
What is an atom?
An atom is the smallest recognizable portion of an element.
23 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
How salty is the ocean?
What are the 6 main ions found in sea…
Describe the main ways dissolved solid…
Which is more dense, salt or fresh wat…
The ocean is approximately 3.5% salt (96.5% freshwater)
Cl 55.0%, Na 30.6%, SO4- 7.7%, Ca 1.2%, K 1.1%, minor element…
1. weathering of rocks on land... 2. the hydrothermal vents... 3. p…
salt; cold
How salty is the ocean?
The ocean is approximately 3.5% salt (96.5% freshwater)
What are the 6 main ions found in sea…
Cl 55.0%, Na 30.6%, SO4- 7.7%, Ca 1.2%, K 1.1%, minor element…
31 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Big Bang
Initial Elements of the Universe
Protostar
Nuclear fusion
A common scientific theory that states that the universe expa…
Hydrogen and helium.
Warm dense core which continues to contract until the density…
when lighter materials fuse together to make heavier material…
Big Bang
A common scientific theory that states that the universe expa…
Initial Elements of the Universe
Hydrogen and helium.
56 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
What causes tides?
Which has a greater effect on tides, t…
What is a Neap Tide and what causes it?
What is a spring tide and what causes…
Tides are generated by:... 1.mainly the gravitational pull of th…
the moon
Neap tides are tides that have the smallest tidal range. They…
Spring tides are more extreme tides (highest and lowest) with…
What causes tides?
Tides are generated by:... 1.mainly the gravitational pull of th…
Which has a greater effect on tides, t…
the moon
182 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
_____ is the study of interactions bet…
_____ occur between organisms and incl…
_____ are effects of nonbiological fac…
A _____ is any material whose availabi…
ecology
biological interactions
abiotic interactions
resource
_____ is the study of interactions bet…
ecology
_____ occur between organisms and incl…
biological interactions
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
Abyssal hill
Abyssal plain
Asthenosphere
Bathygraphic features
A hill on the ocean floor formed by volcanic activity.
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin.
The region of mantle that lies below the earth's crust.
The physical features of the ocean bottom.
Abyssal hill
A hill on the ocean floor formed by volcanic activity.
Abyssal plain
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin.
48 terms
chapter 3 marine biology
Hydrogen Bonds
Three states of water
evaporation
Denser
opposite chargers that create electrical attractions. (hydrog…
solid, liquid, gas
when a molecule moves fast enough it breaks free of all the h…
closely compacted in substance
Hydrogen Bonds
opposite chargers that create electrical attractions. (hydrog…
Three states of water
solid, liquid, gas
11 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
bacteria
decomposers
chemosynthesis
phytoplankton
prokaryotic, single celled, microscopic organisms
organisms that break down dead organic matter into small mole…
making of organic material from inorganic substances using ch…
photosynthetic organisms that drift in the water
bacteria
prokaryotic, single celled, microscopic organisms
decomposers
organisms that break down dead organic matter into small mole…
20 terms
Marine Biology-Chapter 17 Climate and the Ocean
Radiant energy
angle of insolation
ocean breeze/onshore flow
land breeze
energy produced from the sun that travels through space as li…
the angle in which the light rays strike the earth's surface
wind that you feel close to the ocean due to the oceans coole…
when warmer air from the land moves seaward
Radiant energy
energy produced from the sun that travels through space as li…
angle of insolation
the angle in which the light rays strike the earth's surface
88 terms
Marine Biology: Chapter 3
population
species
community
ecosystem
a group of individuals of the same species that respond to th…
a population or group of populations that are in reproductive…
a group of species living together and interacting through ec…
a group of interdependent biological communities and abiotic…
population
a group of individuals of the same species that respond to th…
species
a population or group of populations that are in reproductive…
14 terms
Marine Biology: Chapter 3
Ecology
Biological Interactions
Abiotic Interactions
Resource
study of interactions between organisms and their environment…
occur between organisms and include predator-prey interaction…
are effects of nonbiological factors, such as seawater chemis…
any material whose availability or abundance in the natural e…
Ecology
study of interactions between organisms and their environment…
Biological Interactions
occur between organisms and include predator-prey interaction…
15 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Atoms
Hydrogen Bonds
Elements
Molecules
Matter is made out of
The attractions between liquid water molecules
A species of atoms having the same number of protons in their…
Two or more atoms are chemically combined into larger particles
Atoms
Matter is made out of
Hydrogen Bonds
The attractions between liquid water molecules
24 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Ecosystems
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
Homeostasis
All the organisms in a given area as well as the abiotic fact…
All the living organisms that inhabit an environment
Nonliving components of environment.
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Ecosystems
All the organisms in a given area as well as the abiotic fact…
Biotic Factors
All the living organisms that inhabit an environment
16 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Abyssal plain
Asthenosphere
Biogenous sediment
Continental margin
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin
Region of mantle that lies below the earth's crust
Sediments formed from the remains of living organisms
Region of ocean that lies beneath the neritic zone
Abyssal plain
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin
Asthenosphere
Region of mantle that lies below the earth's crust
83 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
the main solutes dissolved in ocean wa…
what is the ocean mostly composed of
how is salinity measured
salinity is normally around
sodium and chloride
chloride, 35%
in parts per thousand
35 parts per thousand (ppt)
the main solutes dissolved in ocean wa…
sodium and chloride
what is the ocean mostly composed of
chloride, 35%
31 terms
Marine Biology chapter 3
opposite electrical charges
hydrogen bonds
solid, liquid, or gas
temperature reflects the average speed…
what does the different ends of water molecule have?
what are the weak attractions between water molecules?
any substances exist in these three different states
what does temperature do to molecules?
opposite electrical charges
what does the different ends of water molecule have?
hydrogen bonds
what are the weak attractions between water molecules?
11 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Bacteria
Decomposers
Chemosynthesis
Phytoplankton
Prokaryotic, single-celled, microscopic organisms
Organisms that break down dead organic matter into smaller mo…
the making of organic material from inorganic substances usin…
Photosynthetic organisms that drift in the water
Bacteria
Prokaryotic, single-celled, microscopic organisms
Decomposers
Organisms that break down dead organic matter into smaller mo…
15 terms
Marine biology chapter 3
Holoepipelagic
Meroepipelagic
swim bladder
rete mirabile
spend entire life in epipelagic zone
spend part of life in epipelagic zone
structure that gives fish neutral buoyancy
network of small blood vessel that branch off large vessel
Holoepipelagic
spend entire life in epipelagic zone
Meroepipelagic
spend part of life in epipelagic zone
42 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
atoms
element
molecules
hydrogen bonds
the smallest representative particle of an element
a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances…
a chemical combination of two or more atoms
opposite charges that create electrical attractions between n…
atoms
the smallest representative particle of an element
element
a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances…
27 terms
Marine biology chapter 3
Abyssal plains
Bathymetric charts
Biogenous sediments
Chronometer
Flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin
Chart of the ocean that shows lines connecting points of simi…
Sediments formed from the remains of living organisms
A clock that keeps accurate time and can be used to determine…
Abyssal plains
Flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin
Bathymetric charts
Chart of the ocean that shows lines connecting points of simi…
42 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
atoms
element
molecules
hydrogen bonds
the smallest representative particle of an element
a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances…
a chemical combination of two or more atoms
opposite charges that create electrical attractions between n…
atoms
the smallest representative particle of an element
element
a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
Atoms
Elements
Molecules
Hydrogen bonds
What all material is made from
Single kind of atom,
Two of more atoms
weak, opposite charges, water, electrical attraction
Atoms
What all material is made from
Elements
Single kind of atom,
19 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
Abyssal Plain
Asthenosphere
Continental Rise
Continental Shelf
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin
The region of mantle that lies below the earth's crust
A gentle slope at the base of a steep continental slope
The edge of a continental landmass
Abyssal Plain
A flat expanse at the bottom of an ocean basin
Asthenosphere
The region of mantle that lies below the earth's crust
34 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family,…
Taxonomy
Genus and Species
Dead Language and Universal
Classification hierarchy
The study of classifications
Scientific names consist of ______?
Why latin?
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family,…
Classification hierarchy
Taxonomy
The study of classifications
17 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Heat Capacity
Evaporative Cooling
salts
salinity
amount of heat needed to raise the substances temperature by…
when fastest moving molecules leave the liquid phase, those l…
made up of particles with opposite electrical charges
total amount of salt dissolved in sea water
Heat Capacity
amount of heat needed to raise the substances temperature by…
Evaporative Cooling
when fastest moving molecules leave the liquid phase, those l…
63 terms
Chapter 3 Marine Biology
Bathymetry
Sounding
Fathom (fm)
Echo Sounder
the measurement of ocean depths ... (Measures the vertical dista…
a measured depth of water beneath a ship... (○ Poseidonus made f…
- a unit of depth in the ocean, commonly used in countries us…
- a device that transmits sound from a ship's hull to the oce…
Bathymetry
the measurement of ocean depths ... (Measures the vertical dista…
Sounding
a measured depth of water beneath a ship... (○ Poseidonus made f…
28 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Oceanic crust
Continental crust
Two types of plate movement
Types of convergence
Denser, thinner, younger, basalt
Granite, less dense, thicker, older
Convergence and divergence
oceanic-oceanic... oceanic-continental... continental-continental
Oceanic crust
Denser, thinner, younger, basalt
Continental crust
Granite, less dense, thicker, older
28 terms
Chapter 3 marine biology
Solubility of ocean and carbon dioxide…
Diurnal
Semidiurnal
Mixed semidiurnal
Oxygen is not very soluble. Car Carbon dioxide is much more s…
One high and one low tide every day
Two high tides and two low tides a day
Successive high tides of different heights
Solubility of ocean and carbon dioxide…
Oxygen is not very soluble. Car Carbon dioxide is much more s…
Diurnal
One high and one low tide every day
50 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 3
Amount of height required to melt a su…
______ has a higher latent heat of mel…
A lot of ______ must be removed from l…
Amount of heat needed to raise a subst…
Latent heat of melting
Water
Heat
Specific Heat/Heat Capacity
Amount of height required to melt a su…
Latent heat of melting
______ has a higher latent heat of mel…
Water
54 terms
Marine Biology chapter 3
Sediments originate from organisms
Sediments originate from rock on the d…
Sediments originate from chemical reac…
Sediments have their origin from space…
Biogenous
Terrigenous
Precipitates
Cosmogenous
Sediments originate from organisms
Biogenous
Sediments originate from rock on the d…
Terrigenous
17 terms
Marine Biology: Chapter 3: The Nature of Seawater
acid
base
brackish
buffer
a compound that joins with a base to form a salt; will cause…
a compound that joins with an acid to form a salt; will cause…
having a lower salinity than normal seawater; a mixture of fr…
chemical compound that maintains pH level through chemical re…
acid
a compound that joins with a base to form a salt; will cause…
base
a compound that joins with an acid to form a salt; will cause…
15 terms
Marine Biology chapter 3
Layers of the earth
5 Major Ocean Basins: largest to small…
Two types of crusts
Scientist who first came up with conti…
Inner core, outer core, mantle, upper mantle, crust
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Antartic, Artic
Oceanic and Continental
Alfred Wegener
Layers of the earth
Inner core, outer core, mantle, upper mantle, crust
5 Major Ocean Basins: largest to small…
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Antartic, Artic
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