Study sets matching "chapter 3 organic chemistry alkanes"

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Study sets matching "chapter 3 organic chemistry alkanes"

85 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 3 (Alkanes)
"Meth-" indicates _____ number of carb…
"Eth-" indicates _____ number of carbons
"Prop-" indicates _____ number of carb…
"But-" indicates _____ number of carbons
1
2
3
4
"Meth-" indicates _____ number of carb…
1
"Eth-" indicates _____ number of carbons
2
85 terms
organic chemistry alkanes chapter 3
alkanes
n-alkanes
three primary uses for alkanes
iso
compounds of carbon and hydrogen in which carbons only form s…
straight chain alkanes
fuel, solvents, lubricants
prefix that represents a methyl group attached to the carbon…
alkanes
compounds of carbon and hydrogen in which carbons only form s…
n-alkanes
straight chain alkanes
44 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 3: Structure and Stereochemistry of Alkanes
acyclic
alkane
alkyl group
amyl
Not cyclic
A hydrocarbon having only single bonds; a saturated hyrdrocar…
The group of atoms remaining after a hyrdrogen atom is remove…
An older common name for penty
acyclic
Not cyclic
alkane
A hydrocarbon having only single bonds; a saturated hyrdrocar…
63 terms
Organic Chemistry- Chapter 3 Structure and Stereo-chemistry of Alkanes
Acyclic
Alkane
Alkyl group
Amyl
Not cyclic
A hydrocarbon having only single bonds; a saturated hydrocarb…
The group of atoms (symbolized by R) remaining after a hydrog…
An older common name for pentyl
Acyclic
Not cyclic
Alkane
A hydrocarbon having only single bonds; a saturated hydrocarb…
28 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 3: Structure and Stereochemistry of Alkanes
Alkanes
Hydrocarbons
IUPAC
IUPAC rules
General formula: C(n)H(2n+2)
Molecules made of only hydrogen and carbon.
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
1. Find the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms and use…
Alkanes
General formula: C(n)H(2n+2)
Hydrocarbons
Molecules made of only hydrogen and carbon.
Organic Chemistry Chapter 3: Structure and Stereochemistry of Alkanes
Alkanes general formula
Nonpolar Alkanes
Boiling Points of Alkanes
Melting Points of Alkanes
C(n)H(2n+2)
-Very low melting points... -Very low boiling points
-As the number of carbons in an alkane increases, the boiling…
-Melting points increase as the carbon chain increaes... -Alkan…
Alkanes general formula
C(n)H(2n+2)
Nonpolar Alkanes
-Very low melting points... -Very low boiling points
12 terms
3 Organic chemistry: Alkanes
Homologous series
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Isomers
a homologous series is a group of organic compounds with the…
a hydrocarbon is a compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
a saturated hydrocarbon contains only C-C single bonds
Isomers are compounds with the same molecular formula but dif…
Homologous series
a homologous series is a group of organic compounds with the…
Hydrocarbon
a hydrocarbon is a compound containing carbon and hydrogen only
19 terms
Organic Chemistry, Ch 3, Structure and Stereochemistry of Alkanes
acyclic
alkane
alkyl group
amyl
Not cyclic
- A hydrocarbon having only single bonds... - a saturated hydroc…
- The group of atoms remaining after a hydrogen atom is remov…
An older common name for pentyl.
acyclic
Not cyclic
alkane
- A hydrocarbon having only single bonds... - a saturated hydroc…
13 terms
Organic Chemistry Alkanes
alkanes
1 C
2C
3C
group of compounds which only have H and C, hydrocarbons are…
CH4 methane
______... C2H6 ethane
^... C3H8 propane
alkanes
group of compounds which only have H and C, hydrocarbons are…
1 C
CH4 methane
51 terms
Orgo Chapter 3: Alkanes
What is the electron hybridization of…
Saturated hydrocarbon
Homologous series
Name the 2 isomers of butane
sp3
No double or triple bonds because it has the maximum number o…
Series of compounds that differ only by the number of CH2 gro…
n-butane (normal) and isobutane (isomer)
What is the electron hybridization of…
sp3
Saturated hydrocarbon
No double or triple bonds because it has the maximum number o…
29 terms
Organic Chapter 3 Alkanes & Cycloalkanes
Hydrocarbon
Alkane
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon
A compound that contains only carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms
A saturated hydrocarbon whose carbon atoms are arranged in an…
A hydrocarbon containing only carbon-carbon single bonds
An alternative term to describe alkane
Hydrocarbon
A compound that contains only carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms
Alkane
A saturated hydrocarbon whose carbon atoms are arranged in an…
36 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 2 Alkanes
n-Alkanes
Homologous Series
-CH2-
Newman Projection
unbranched alkanes
Series of compounds that differ only by the addiction of a Me…
Methylene group
diagram of carbon carbon bond from front to back
n-Alkanes
unbranched alkanes
Homologous Series
Series of compounds that differ only by the addiction of a Me…
17 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 11 - ALKANES
Properties of Organic Compounds
Other Organic Atoms
Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbons
- NONpolar and week attraction between molecules... - LOW Meltin…
O, S, N, P or a halogen - F, Cl, Br, I
- Organic compounds that consist of Hydrogen and Carbon. ... - E…
Hydrocarbons that consist of only single bonds (ALKANES)
Properties of Organic Compounds
- NONpolar and week attraction between molecules... - LOW Meltin…
Other Organic Atoms
O, S, N, P or a halogen - F, Cl, Br, I
97 terms
organic chemistry Chapter 4 Alkanes
alkanes
what are the two different general typ…
acyclic alkanes
general acyclic alkane formula
aliphatic hydrocarbons having only carbon-carbon and carbon-h…
acyclic and cyclic
contain only linear and branched chains of carbon atoms, satu…
CnH2n+2
alkanes
aliphatic hydrocarbons having only carbon-carbon and carbon-h…
what are the two different general typ…
acyclic and cyclic
39 terms
Chapter 3: Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Their Stereochemistry
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
One carbon atom.
Two carbon atoms.
Three carbon atoms.
Four carbon atoms.
Methane
One carbon atom.
Ethane
Two carbon atoms.
20 terms
Organic Chemistry Alkanes
Inorganic chemistry
Organic chemistry
organic compound
Typical organic compounds
rocks and minerals, water and air (non-living matter)
- compounds found in living things or derived from living thi…
Always contain one or more carbon atoms... Usually contains seve…
have covalent bonds... have low melting points... have low boiling…
Inorganic chemistry
rocks and minerals, water and air (non-living matter)
Organic chemistry
- compounds found in living things or derived from living thi…
41 terms
Organic Chemistry- Alkanes
organic chemistry
organic compounds
carbons 4 bonding patterns
alkanes
study of carbon compounds
-have covalent bonds... -contain C and usually H... -has 4 bonds... -t…
alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatics
carbons participate in single bonds (unreactive)
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
organic compounds
-have covalent bonds... -contain C and usually H... -has 4 bonds... -t…
13 terms
10 Organic chemistry: Alkanes
General formula
Reactivity
As fuel
Combustion in the presence of excess o…
CnH2n+2
Low chemical reactivity.... Strong, non-polar bonds
Good fuel, releases significant amounts of energy, highly exo…
→ carbon dioxide + water... C3H8 (g) + 5O2 (g) → 3CO2 (g) + 4H2O…
General formula
CnH2n+2
Reactivity
Low chemical reactivity.... Strong, non-polar bonds
Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
Alkanes
sp^3
(1) No lone electron pairs and (2) Com…
Alcohol (ROH), Alkyl halide (RCl), Ami…
__________ are hydrocarbons with only single bonds.
All alkanes are ______ hybridization because there are no dou…
Why does carbon tend to form chains?
Name the 8 functional groups. (Recognize their Generalized ab…
Alkanes
__________ are hydrocarbons with only single bonds.
sp^3
All alkanes are ______ hybridization because there are no dou…
21 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 4: Alkanes
1 carbon alkane
2 carbon alkane
3 carbon alkane
4 carbon alkane
methane
ethane
propane
butane
1 carbon alkane
methane
2 carbon alkane
ethane
Organic Chemistry: Chapter 3
Heterolytically
Homolytically
Mechanism
Bronsted Acid
Two electrons going to one atom and none to the other.
One electron going to each atom.
Step by step analysis of a chemical reaction which shows the…
Donates a proton
Heterolytically
Two electrons going to one atom and none to the other.
Homolytically
One electron going to each atom.
Chapter 12: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
organic chemistry
functional group
hydrocarbon
alkane
the study of carbon compounds
an atom or group of atoms within a molecule that has a charac…
an organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
a hydrocarbon that has only single bonds
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
functional group
an atom or group of atoms within a molecule that has a charac…
29 terms
Organic Chemistry Alkanes and Cycloalcanes
methane
ethane
propane
butane
meth- 1 Carbon Atom
eth- 2 Carbon Atoms
prop- 3 Carbon Atoms
but- 4 Carbon Atoms
methane
meth- 1 Carbon Atom
ethane
eth- 2 Carbon Atoms
34 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 2: The Alkanes
Saturated
Unsaturated
Alkane
Alkene
a saturated molecule has all single bonds; each atom has the…
an unsaturated molecule has at least one double bond or tripl…
compound composed of only carbon and hydrogen and single bonds
compound composed of carbon and hydrogen and at least one dou…
Saturated
a saturated molecule has all single bonds; each atom has the…
Unsaturated
an unsaturated molecule has at least one double bond or tripl…
15 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
Organic Compounds
Properties of Organic Compounds
Organic V.S. Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
* Is a compound made from Carbon Atoms... * Has one or more C at…
Typical organic compounds:... * Contain carbon... * have covalent b…
Propane (C3H8), is an organic compound used as a fuel... Salt (N…
Using C3H8 as a example...... Element: C and H... Bonding: Covalent…
Organic Compounds
* Is a compound made from Carbon Atoms... * Has one or more C at…
Properties of Organic Compounds
Typical organic compounds:... * Contain carbon... * have covalent b…
56 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 4: Alkanes
Alkanes
Acyclic Alkanes
Cycloalkanes
All C atoms in an alkane are surrounde…
Aliphatic hydrocarbons having only C-C and C-H sigma bonds
-Have molecular formula C(n)H(2n+2)... -Contain only linear and…
-Contain carbon joined in one or more rings... -General formula=…
4; sp3; 109.5
Alkanes
Aliphatic hydrocarbons having only C-C and C-H sigma bonds
Acyclic Alkanes
-Have molecular formula C(n)H(2n+2)... -Contain only linear and…
15 terms
Alkanes - Chapter 3
Alkane
Methane
Ethane
Propane
- Carbon and Hydrogen single bonds... - Simplest Organic Molecul…
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
Alkane
- Carbon and Hydrogen single bonds... - Simplest Organic Molecul…
Methane
CH4
37 terms
Chapter 3: Organic Compounds, Alkanes, Cycloalkanes, and Sterochem
Primary alcohol
Secondary alcohol
Tertiary alcohol
Primary amine
2 Hs
1 H
No Hs
2 Hs
Primary alcohol
2 Hs
Secondary alcohol
1 H
Organic Chemistry Chapter 2: Alkanes
What are Alkanes?
What are Hydrocarbons?
Alkanes all have what molecular formul…
What is the simplest alkane?
Alkanes are the simplest members of the family of organic mol…
Hydrocarbons are compounds composed entirely of carbon and hy…
Every alkane will have the molecular formula CnH2n+2.
Methane is the simplest alkane, its formula is CH4.
What are Alkanes?
Alkanes are the simplest members of the family of organic mol…
What are Hydrocarbons?
Hydrocarbons are compounds composed entirely of carbon and hy…
24 terms
Chapter 3 Organic Chemistry
isopropyl
sec-butyl
tert-butyl
alkene/olefin
isopropyl
sec-butyl
Organic Chemistry (DAT): Chapter 5: Alkanes
Physical Properties
Nucleophile
Nucleophiles and Basicity
Nucleophiles and Size/Polarizability
The longer the carbon chain of alkanes, the higher the densit…
Molecules that are attracted to positive charge. Seen in the…
Nucleophiles are similar to bases if they are based off of th…
If the nucleophile is not based off of the same atom then bas…
Physical Properties
The longer the carbon chain of alkanes, the higher the densit…
Nucleophile
Molecules that are attracted to positive charge. Seen in the…
28 terms
NBE CHEMISTRY Chapter 10 Intro to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
Alcohols
Aldehydes
alkanes
alkenes
A class of organic compounds containing a hydroxyl (OH) funct…
Carbon atom of the carbonyl group is bonded to another carbon…
a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds
Hydrocarbons with one or more carbon-carbon double bonds
Alcohols
A class of organic compounds containing a hydroxyl (OH) funct…
Aldehydes
Carbon atom of the carbonyl group is bonded to another carbon…
Organic Chemistry Part 1: Conformations of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
How are conformational isomers produced?
How do we represent conformational iso…
Line-wedge representation what is it?
What are Newman projections?
They are produced by the rotation around a C-C bond.
We use Newman projections.
Bonds pointing away from the viewer are hashed; points pointi…
In a Newman projection, molecules are viewed as if one was lo…
How are conformational isomers produced?
They are produced by the rotation around a C-C bond.
How do we represent conformational iso…
We use Newman projections.
39 terms
Chapter 3: Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Their Stereochemistry
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
One carbon atom.
Two carbon atoms.
Three carbon atoms.
Four carbon atoms.
Methane
One carbon atom.
Ethane
Two carbon atoms.
13 terms
Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
Alkane
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Unsaturated hydrocarbon with only single carbon-carbon bonds
CH₄
C₂H₆
C₃H₈
Alkane
Unsaturated hydrocarbon with only single carbon-carbon bonds
Methane
CH₄
10 terms
Organic Chemistry Alkanes
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4... CH4
C2H6... CH3CH3
C3H8... CH3CH2CH3
C4H10... CH3(CH2)2CH3
Methane
CH4... CH4
Ethane
C2H6... CH3CH3
36 terms
Chapter 3: Organic Compounds: Alkanes and their Stereochemistry
saturated
CnH2n+2
isomers
constitutional isomers
have only C-C and C-H single bonds; contain maximum number of…
what is the general formula of alkanes
compounds that have the same numbers and kinds of atoms but d…
atoms are connected differently
saturated
have only C-C and C-H single bonds; contain maximum number of…
CnH2n+2
what is the general formula of alkanes
10 terms
Organic Chemistry Alkanes Nomenclature
1 Carbon Chain
2 Carbon Chain
3 Carbon Chain
4 Carbon Chain
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
1 Carbon Chain
Methane
2 Carbon Chain
Ethane
Chapter 3 - Organic Compounds: Alkanes and Their Stereochemistry
Aliphatic
Alkanes
Alkyl groups
Anti conformation
The nonaromatic hydrocarbon such as a simple alkane, alkene,…
A class of compounds of carbon and hydrogen that contains onl…
The partial structure that remains when a hydrogen atom is re…
The geometric arrangement around a carbon-carbon single bond…
Aliphatic
The nonaromatic hydrocarbon such as a simple alkane, alkene,…
Alkanes
A class of compounds of carbon and hydrogen that contains onl…
20 terms
Organic Chemistry 1 - Alkanes
Alkanes - general formula
Saturated
Fractional distillation
Cracking
C(n) H(2n+2)
Alkanes and cycloalkanes (2 less hydrogens)
A process used to separate a liquid mixture into fractions by…
The breakdown of molecules into shorter ones by heating with…
Alkanes - general formula
C(n) H(2n+2)
Saturated
Alkanes and cycloalkanes (2 less hydrogens)
33 terms
Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
combustion reaction
primary carbon
secondary carbon
tertiary carbon
attached to one other carbon
attached to two other carbons
attached to three other carbons
combustion reaction
primary carbon
attached to one other carbon
Organic chemistry naming Alkanes
1 carbon atom
2 carbon atoms
3carbon atoms
4 carbon atoms
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
1 carbon atom
Methane
2 carbon atoms
Ethane
11 terms
Organic Chemistry Alkanes
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
organic chemistry alkanes
methane
ethane
propane
butane
CH4
CH3CH3
CH3CH2CH3
CH3CH2CH2CH3
methane
CH4
ethane
CH3CH3
11 terms
Naming Alkanes - Organic Chemistry
C1
C2
C3
C4
Meth-
Eth-
Prop-
But-
C1
Meth-
C2
Eth-
18 terms
Alkanes in Organic Chemistry
Meth
Eth
Prop
But
1. Methyl is the name of the branch
2. Ethyl is the name of the branch
3. Propyl is the name of the branch
4. Butyl is the name of the branch
Meth
1. Methyl is the name of the branch
Eth
2. Ethyl is the name of the branch
13 terms
Organic Chemistry-Alkanes
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
Methane
C2H6
Ethane
26 terms
Chapter 12 - Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
Functional group
Hydrocarbon
Alkane
Isomers
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that has a charac…
An organic compounds that contains only carbon and hydrogen.
A hydrocarbon that has only single bonds.
Compounds with the same molecular formula but different struc…
Functional group
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that has a charac…
Hydrocarbon
An organic compounds that contains only carbon and hydrogen.
39 terms
Organic Chemistry (alkanes and alkenes)
Homologous series
Hydrocarbon
Alkanes
Alkenes
Compounds in the same homologous series have:... -Same general f…
Compound of hydrogen and carbon only
Saturated hydrocarbons; all carbons and hydrogens are joined…
Unsaturated hydrocarbons; compound contains at least one carb…
Homologous series
Compounds in the same homologous series have:... -Same general f…
Hydrocarbon
Compound of hydrogen and carbon only
31 terms
Organic Chemistry: Alkanes (Quicksheets)
primary, secondary, tertiary, quartern…
2
polar protic
3, 2, 1, methyl
-yellow Cs:... -green C:... -red C:... -blue C:
number of steps in SN1 reaction
favored solvent for SN1
order of favored carbons for SN1
primary, secondary, tertiary, quartern…
-yellow Cs:... -green C:... -red C:... -blue C:
2
number of steps in SN1 reaction
1 of 10