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Study sets matching "chapter 3 personality psychology"

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Study sets matching "chapter 3 personality psychology"

Personality Psychology - Chapter 3
Framework (of a field):
Personality Perspective:
Theory of Personality:
Neurotransmitters:
An outline of that field's most important topics
A way of looking at personality ... Personality is made up of th…
A set of statements or assumptions about human mental life or…
chemicals secreted by neurons at the pre-synaptic sac that in…
Framework (of a field):
An outline of that field's most important topics
Personality Perspective:
A way of looking at personality ... Personality is made up of th…
25 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Research
Reliability
Measurement Error
State
Exploration of the unknown; finding out something that nobody…
In measurement, the tendency of an instrument to provide the…
The variation of a number around its true mean due to uncontr…
A temporary psychological event, such as an emotion, thought,…
Research
Exploration of the unknown; finding out something that nobody…
Reliability
In measurement, the tendency of an instrument to provide the…
40 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Three fundamental questions posed by d…
What is a trait?
Traits as internal causal properties
Traits as purely descriptive summaries
•How should we conceptualize traits?... •How can we identify whi…
Traits as internal causal properties ... Traits as purely descri…
•Traits are presumed to be internal in that individuals carry…
•Traits as descriptive summaries of attributes of a person; n…
Three fundamental questions posed by d…
•How should we conceptualize traits?... •How can we identify whi…
What is a trait?
Traits as internal causal properties ... Traits as purely descri…
23 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Main Issues in Dispositional Domain
Trait-Descriptive Adjectives
Traits as Internal Properties
Traits as Purely Descriptive Summaries
-Identifying the fundamental traits, the main building blocks…
Words that describe traits, attributes of a person that are c…
-Traits are presumed to be internal in that individuals carry…
-Traits as descriptive summaries of attributes of a person; n…
Main Issues in Dispositional Domain
-Identifying the fundamental traits, the main building blocks…
Trait-Descriptive Adjectives
Words that describe traits, attributes of a person that are c…
31 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Psychodynamic viewpoint: basic assumpt…
Freud Basic Concepts & Processes
Conscious Mind
Preconscious Mind
psychic determinism, the influence of the unconscious mind, t…
the regions of the mind, instincts/psychic energy, Id/ego/sup…
conscious awareness of sensations and perceptions being exper…
contains retrievable info that can be brought into conscious…
Psychodynamic viewpoint: basic assumpt…
psychic determinism, the influence of the unconscious mind, t…
Freud Basic Concepts & Processes
the regions of the mind, instincts/psychic energy, Id/ego/sup…
35 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Lexical approach
Statistical approach
Theoretical approach
Lexical hypothesis
According to this approach, all traits listed and defined in…
This approach uses factor analysis or similar procedures to i…
With this method, researchers rely on theories to identify im…
"All important individual differences have become encoded wit…
Lexical approach
According to this approach, all traits listed and defined in…
Statistical approach
This approach uses factor analysis or similar procedures to i…
11 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Traits
Big Five
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Relatively stable tendencies of individuals.
Five comprehensive personality domains: extraversion, agreeab…
Being outgoing and experiencing positive emotions; opposite:…
Caring for others and getting along with other people; opposi…
Traits
Relatively stable tendencies of individuals.
Big Five
Five comprehensive personality domains: extraversion, agreeab…
41 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Bodily-Fluid Theory
Physiological Systems
The three body types suggested by ____…
Ectomorph
The ancient idea that the amounts of four fluids (phlegm, blo…
Organ systems within the body. ... --the nervous system, the car…
William Sheldon... Ectomorph, mesomorph, and endomorph
--People of a skinny build.... --In his research Sheldon found t…
Bodily-Fluid Theory
The ancient idea that the amounts of four fluids (phlegm, blo…
Physiological Systems
Organ systems within the body. ... --the nervous system, the car…
32 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Reliability
Validity
3 types of data qualities
3 types of experimental designs
-Getting the same measurement on repeated occasions... -Measurem…
degree to which a measurement actually reflects what it is in…
-reliability... -validity... -generalizability
-Case study... -Experimental... -Correlational
Reliability
-Getting the same measurement on repeated occasions... -Measurem…
Validity
degree to which a measurement actually reflects what it is in…
18 terms
410PS ... Personal Psychology - Chapter 3
Goal
Short-term goal
Long-term goal
S-M-A-R-T
An outcome you want to achieve and toward which you direct yo…
A goal with a specific plan of action to accomplish within th…
A goal you plan to achieve in the more distant future.
S: specific... M: measurable... A: achievable... R: realistic... T: Time…
Goal
An outcome you want to achieve and toward which you direct yo…
Short-term goal
A goal with a specific plan of action to accomplish within th…
29 terms
Psychology of Personality Chapter 3 Jung
Self
Compensation
Individuation
Transcendent Function
The total integrated personality
Principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
The process of becoming a fully developed person, with all ps…
The process of integrating all opposing aspects of personalit…
Self
The total integrated personality
Compensation
Principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
9 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
objective test
factor analysis
content validity
p-level
a personality test that consists of list of questions to be a…
a statistical technique for finding clusters of related trait…
the degree to which an assessment instrument, such as a quest…
in statistical data analysis, the probability that the obtain…
objective test
a personality test that consists of list of questions to be a…
factor analysis
a statistical technique for finding clusters of related trait…
22 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
adjacency
agreeableness
bipolarity
combinations of big five variables
in the Wiggins circumplex model, it indicates how close the t…
is the second of the personality traits in the five-factor mo…
in Wiggins circumplex model, traits located at opposite sides…
"traits" are often examined in combinations. for example, two…
adjacency
in the Wiggins circumplex model, it indicates how close the t…
agreeableness
is the second of the personality traits in the five-factor mo…
18 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
The Nature of Personality Assessment
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inve…
California Psychological Inventory
Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire
An individual's personality is revealed by characteristic pat…
This test was designed for use in the clinical assessment of…
Similar to the MMPI in many ways but is designed for use with…
...
The Nature of Personality Assessment
An individual's personality is revealed by characteristic pat…
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inve…
This test was designed for use in the clinical assessment of…
23 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Trait- Descriptive Adjectives
Traits as Internal
Traits as Descriptive Summaries
Act Frequency Approach
words that describe traits, attributes of a person that are r…
capacities remain present even when behaviors are not expressed
describes expressed behavior
notion that traits are categories of acts
Trait- Descriptive Adjectives
words that describe traits, attributes of a person that are r…
Traits as Internal
capacities remain present even when behaviors are not expressed
28 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Acquiesence
Assessment
Construct validity
Convergent validity
Saying yes in response to any question.
The measuring of personality. Three items measure personality…
Th accuracy with which a measure reflects the underlying conc…
The degree to which a measure relates to other characteristic…
Acquiesence
Saying yes in response to any question.
Assessment
The measuring of personality. Three items measure personality…
24 terms
Personality Psychology chapter 3
Field-wide framework
Personality perspective
Theory of personality
Neurotransmitters
an outline of that field's most important topics
a manner of looking at personality that is made up of a numbe…
a set of statements or assumptions about human mental life or…
chemicals secreted by neurons at the pre-sypnatic sac that in…
Field-wide framework
an outline of that field's most important topics
Personality perspective
a manner of looking at personality that is made up of a numbe…
18 terms
Personality Psychology: Chapter 3
Gordon Allport (Father of Personality)
What is a trait?
Internal dispositions
Bipolar
-counted 17,953 adjectives ... -with article he provided the sig…
-internal dispositions... -bipolar... -additive and independent... -br…
lies within, stable over time, across settings
ability to talk about a trait on a continuum... -"high agreeable…
Gordon Allport (Father of Personality)
-counted 17,953 adjectives ... -with article he provided the sig…
What is a trait?
-internal dispositions... -bipolar... -additive and independent... -br…
11 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Technical Training
Scientific education
Reliability
Measurement error
-Conveys what is already known... -applies this knowledge ... -Ex.…
-Teaching and questioning what is already "known"... -Learning t…
The tendency of a measurement instrument to get the same resu…
the cumulative effect of extraneous influences
Technical Training
-Conveys what is already known... -applies this knowledge ... -Ex.…
Scientific education
-Teaching and questioning what is already "known"... -Learning t…
36 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Psychoanalytic
Unconscious
Hypnosis
Free Association
Sigmund Freud's basic approach to understanding personality t…
The portion of the mind that is not accessible to conscious t…
A process by which a person is induced into a trance state wh…
A method used in psychoanalysis in which an individual report…
Psychoanalytic
Sigmund Freud's basic approach to understanding personality t…
Unconscious
The portion of the mind that is not accessible to conscious t…
39 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
Self-Reports (S-Data)
S-Data Strengths
S-Data Limitations
Observer Ratings (O-Data)
Information provided by a person concerning him/herself.
Relatively easy to collect the data. Individuals have access…
People may lack accurate self-knowledge. Can be affected by v…
Researcher(s) observes behaviour... - one-way mirror... - video rec…
Self-Reports (S-Data)
Information provided by a person concerning him/herself.
S-Data Strengths
Relatively easy to collect the data. Individuals have access…
27 terms
Personality psychology Chapter 3
acquiescence
assessment
construct validity
convergent validity
the response set of tending to say "yes" or agree in response…
the measuring of personality
the accuracy with which a measure reflects the underlying con…
the degree to which a measure relates to other characteristic…
acquiescence
the response set of tending to say "yes" or agree in response…
assessment
the measuring of personality
15 terms
Personality Psychology Chapter 3
lexical approach
statistical approach
theoretical approach
lexical hyothesis
the approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
having large number of people rate themselves on certain item…
identifying important dimensions of individual differences st…
states that important individual differences have become enco…
lexical approach
the approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
statistical approach
having large number of people rate themselves on certain item…
22 terms
Chapter 3 - Personality Psychology (Larsen 4ed)
Lexical Approach
Statistical Approach
Theoretical Approach
Lexical Hypothesis
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
The theoretical approach to identifying important dimensions…
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Lexical Approach
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Statistical Approach
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
17 terms
Psychology of Personality Chapter 3
Analytical Psychology
Anima
Animus
Archetype
the school of psychology founded by carl jung
in jung's theory, an archetype representing the feminine side…
in jung's theory, an archetype representing the masculine sid…
in jung's theory, a universal thought form or predisposition…
Analytical Psychology
the school of psychology founded by carl jung
Anima
in jung's theory, an archetype representing the feminine side…
13 terms
Psychology of Personality Chapter 3
Dispositional Domain
Traits
Two Formulations
Traits as Internal Casual Properties
Complexity of Personality... Interested in... -Conceptualization of…
- Tendency to respond in a certain way... - Attributes of a pers…
Traits as Internal Casual Properties... vs... Traits as Purely Desc…
Carry out desires, needs , and wants with us... Considered casu…
Dispositional Domain
Complexity of Personality... Interested in... -Conceptualization of…
Traits
- Tendency to respond in a certain way... - Attributes of a pers…
Psychology of Personality Chapter 3
neo-analytic approach
psyche
ego
personal unconscious
The approach to personality psychology that is concerned with…
The essence of the human mind or spirit or soul; in Carl Jung…
In psychoanalytic theory, the personality structure that deve…
According to Carl Jung, the component of the mind that contai…
neo-analytic approach
The approach to personality psychology that is concerned with…
psyche
The essence of the human mind or spirit or soul; in Carl Jung…
24 terms
Psychology of Personality: Chapter 3
Field-Wide Framework
Personality Perspective
Theory of Personality
Neurotransmitters
an outline of that field's most important topics
a manner of looking at personality that is made up of a numbe…
a set of statements or assumptions about human mental life or…
chemicals secreted by neurons at the pre-synaptic sac that in…
Field-Wide Framework
an outline of that field's most important topics
Personality Perspective
a manner of looking at personality that is made up of a numbe…
20 terms
Chapter 3 Personality Psychology
Which of the following is used to iden…
Which of the following correctly order…
Which of the following researchers pro…
Eysenck's theory predicts that in a bo…
Act nominations
Specific acts, habitual acts, narrow traits, super traits
Eysenck
extraverts would perform better than introverts.
Which of the following is used to iden…
Act nominations
Which of the following correctly order…
Specific acts, habitual acts, narrow traits, super traits
Chapter 3 Personality Psychology
What were Jung's early dreams, visions…
How did Jung's early dreams, visions,…
What are the enduring components of pe…
According to Jung, how does the Ego fu…
N/A
N/A
Consciousness and the Ego (associated with dealing with every…
As a gate keeper to the consciousness, allowing certain exper…
What were Jung's early dreams, visions…
N/A
How did Jung's early dreams, visions,…
N/A
45 terms
Psychology Personality Chapter 3-4
2 Big Questions
Factor Analysis
Correlation Coefficient
Positive or Negative Sign
how many traits are there? which are the most important in un…
statistical technique used to identify basic dimensions (or "…
strength + direction of relationship between 2 variables
indicates direction of relationship between variables
2 Big Questions
how many traits are there? which are the most important in un…
Factor Analysis
statistical technique used to identify basic dimensions (or "…
52 terms
Psychology Chapter 3: Theories of Personality
Personality
Character
Temperament
Psychodynamic Perspective
The unique and relatively stable ways in which people think f…
Judgments of a persons moral and ethical character
Enduring characteristic with which each person is born
Created by Sigmund Freud
Personality
The unique and relatively stable ways in which people think f…
Character
Judgments of a persons moral and ethical character
40 terms
Psychology Personality terms (Chapter 3)
adaptive viewpoint
Aim
Anticathexis
Anxiety
Point of view that some psychological processes have the purp…
Instinctual impulses strive toward satisfaction or tension re…
The barrier that is set up by the preconscious to deal with u…
Feelings arising from the ego's sense of being overwhelmed an…
adaptive viewpoint
Point of view that some psychological processes have the purp…
Aim
Instinctual impulses strive toward satisfaction or tension re…
48 terms
Personality Puzzle Chapter 3
Reliability
Validity
Generalizability
Measurement Error
Degree to which measure represents "true" level of trait bein…
Degree to which test measures what it claims to measure
How well a test can be applied to other people & settings
the variation of a set of instruments around their true mean…
Reliability
Degree to which measure represents "true" level of trait bein…
Validity
Degree to which test measures what it claims to measure
51 terms
Personality Psych Chapter 3
A personality test that consists of a…
The degree to which an assessment inst…
p-level
Type I error
objective test
content validity
the probability that the correlation between experimental con…
thinking that one variable has an effect on another variable,…
A personality test that consists of a…
objective test
The degree to which an assessment inst…
content validity
77 terms
Psychology of Personality Chapter 3-6
Conscious
Preconscious
Unconscious
Id
Thoughts a person is currently... aware of
Retrievable information
Thoughts that cannot be easily... brought into awareness... —Except…
Personality structure at birth —Actions are based on pleasure…
Conscious
Thoughts a person is currently... aware of
Preconscious
Retrievable information
Psychology of Personality Chapter 3 Jung
Self
Compensation
Individuation
Transcendent Function
The total integrated personality
Principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
The process of becoming a fully developed person, with all ps…
The process of integrating all opposing aspects of personalit…
Self
The total integrated personality
Compensation
Principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
11 terms
Personal Psychology Chapter 3
Goal
Obstacle
Perfectionism
Adapting
An outcome you want to achieve and toward which you direct yo…
Any barrier that prevents you from achieving your goals.
The belief that you are only worthwhile if you are perfect.
Being flexible to change.
Goal
An outcome you want to achieve and toward which you direct yo…
Obstacle
Any barrier that prevents you from achieving your goals.
29 terms
Theories of Personality - Chapter 3: JUNG Analytical Psychology
Self
compensation
individuation
transcendent function
the total integrated personality
principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
the process of becoming a fully developed person, with all ps…
the process of integrating all opposing aspects of personalit…
Self
the total integrated personality
compensation
principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
29 terms
Psychology of Personality Chapter 3 Jung
Self
Compensation
Individuation
Transcendent Function
The total integrated personality
Principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
The process of becoming a fully developed person, with all ps…
The process of integrating all opposing aspects of personalit…
Self
The total integrated personality
Compensation
Principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
13 terms
Chapter 3 - Personality Psychology (Larsen 4ed)
Lexical Approach
Statistical Approach
Theoretical Approach
Interpersonal Traits
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
The theoretical approach to identifying important dimensions…
What people do to and with each other. They include temperame…
Lexical Approach
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Statistical Approach
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
9 terms
Chapter 3 Flashcards (Personality Psychology)
Objective Test
Factor Analysis
Content Validity
P-Level
A personality test that consists of a list of questions to be…
A statistical technique for finding clusters of related trait…
The degree to which an assessment instrument, such as a quest…
In statistical data analysis, the probability that the obtain…
Objective Test
A personality test that consists of a list of questions to be…
Factor Analysis
A statistical technique for finding clusters of related trait…
29 terms
Theories of Personality - Chapter 3: JUNG Analytical Psychology
Self
compensation
individuation
transcendent function
the total integrated personality
principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
the process of becoming a fully developed person, with all ps…
the process of integrating all opposing aspects of personalit…
Self
the total integrated personality
compensation
principle of the relationship between the unconscious and con…
16 terms
Personality and Personal Growth Chapter 3 Alfred Adler and Individual Psychology
birth order
conjunctive emotions
disjunctive emotions
fictionalism
A major factor in how an individual create his or her unique…
Examples include gratitude and sympathy. Emotions that tend t…
Example include anger, fear, or disgust. Emotions that are in…
The philosophy of "as if," borrowed from the writing of Hans…
birth order
A major factor in how an individual create his or her unique…
conjunctive emotions
Examples include gratitude and sympathy. Emotions that tend t…
16 terms
GCSE Psychology Chapter 3: Development of Personality
Definition: Personality
Definition: Temperment
Study: Thomas (1977)
Study: Buss and Plomin (1984)
The thoughts, feelings and behaviours that makes an individua…
A genetic component of personality.
Thomas, Chess and Birch (1977)... Aim: To discover if ways of re…
Buss and Plomin (1984)... Aim: To test the idea that temperament…
Definition: Personality
The thoughts, feelings and behaviours that makes an individua…
Definition: Temperment
A genetic component of personality.
11 terms
Personality Psychology - Chapter 3 "Traits & Trait Taxonomies"
Lexical approach
Statistical approach
Factor analysis
Theoretical approach
Starts with the lexical hypothesis: "All important individual…
Starts with a large, diverse pool of personality items (e.g.…
Identifies groups of items that co-vary but tend not to co-va…
Starts with a theory, which then determines which variables a…
Lexical approach
Starts with the lexical hypothesis: "All important individual…
Statistical approach
Starts with a large, diverse pool of personality items (e.g.…
22 terms
Chapter 3 - Personality Psychology (Larsen 4ed)
Lexical Approach
Statistical Approach
Theoretical Approach
Lexical Hypothesis
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
The theoretical approach to identifying important dimensions…
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Lexical Approach
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Statistical Approach
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
22 terms
Chapter 3 - Personality Psychology (Larsen 4ed)
Lexical Approach
Statistical Approach
Theoretical Approach
Lexical Hypothesis
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
The theoretical approach to identifying important dimensions…
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Lexical Approach
The approach to determining the fundamental personality trait…
Statistical Approach
Having a large number of people rate themselves on certain it…
6 terms
Psychology of Personal Effectiveness CHAPTER 3
Positive Emotions
Duchenne Smile
The role of Positive emotions
misconceptions of what leads to happin…
Ability to know happiness and an enduring sense of well-being.
full face smile including the eyes
Fredrickson's theory - Broaden and Build... Result in big pictur…
Wealth and Possessions... Physical Attractiveness... Physical Healt…
Positive Emotions
Ability to know happiness and an enduring sense of well-being.
Duchenne Smile
full face smile including the eyes
21 terms
personal psychology chapter 3 vocab
developmental psychology
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
maturation
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
an infant's response in turning toward the source of touching…
the internally programmed growth of a child
developmental psychology
the study of changes that occur as an individual matures
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his o…
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