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Study sets matching "chapter 3 physical science"

24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
47 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are in constant motion an…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are electrically charged…
Solid
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Liquid
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
50 terms
CCS Physical Science Chapter 3
atoms
molecules
atomic theory of matter
kinetic theory of matter
extremely small particles that all matter is made up of
the basic functional units of matter
Dalton's idea; provides the basis for the scientific understa…
2 main principles are: 1.) all molecules of matter are in con…
atoms
extremely small particles that all matter is made up of
molecules
the basic functional units of matter
31 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the form of matter that does not have a definite volume or sh…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
the particles of the solid are not arranged in a regular patt…
has a definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
crystalline solid
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
27 terms
chapter 3 physical science
newton's second law of motion
sliding friction
friction
static friction
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
a force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces that…
the frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding…
newton's second law of motion
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
sliding friction
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
44 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
Gas
What is kinetic energy?
Has definite shape and definite volume
Has variable shape but definite volume
Has variable shape and volume
The energy an object has due to its motion.
Solid
Has definite shape and definite volume
Liquid
Has variable shape but definite volume
22 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3:
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
force
net force
friction
gravity
a push or pull exerted on an object
sum of all of the forces that are acting on an object
force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
attractive force between two objects that depends on the mass…
force
a push or pull exerted on an object
net force
sum of all of the forces that are acting on an object
36 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
25 terms
Mr. Kendall, Physical Science Chapter 3
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
The formula to find Weight
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
Upward force that air exerts on a moving ... object to oppose it…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
W= m*g... Weight = mass x gravity
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
Air Resistance
Upward force that air exerts on a moving ... object to oppose it…
21 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Air Resistance
Newton's Second Law
Air Resistance
9.8 m/s^2
The upward force on an object falling through the air.
Explains the relationship between mass, force, and acceleration
Why a feather falls slower than brick.
The acceleration of gravity on earth.
Air Resistance
The upward force on an object falling through the air.
Newton's Second Law
Explains the relationship between mass, force, and acceleration
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
The state of matter in which materials have definite shape an…
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
The state of matter in which a material has neither a definit…
The energy an object has due to its motion.
solid
The state of matter in which materials have definite shape an…
liquid
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
37 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
measurement
dimensions
standard
instrument
comparison of a dimension of an object or a substance to appr…
measurable properties
know quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compariso…
an artificial device made for the purpose of refining, extend…
measurement
comparison of a dimension of an object or a substance to appr…
dimensions
measurable properties
16 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the form of matter that does not have a definite volume or sh…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Physical Science Chapter 3 Measurements
measurement
standard
instrument
calibrated scale
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
any artificial device made for the purpose of refining, exten…
a series of markings related to the dimensional unit on an in…
measurement
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
standard
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
matter -
atom -
law of conservation of matter -
electron -
anything that has mass and take us up space.
a small particle that makes up most types of matter.
matter is not created or destroyed—matter only changes form.
an invisible particle with a negative charge around the nucle…
matter -
anything that has mass and take us up space.
atom -
a small particle that makes up most types of matter.
46 terms
Physical Science, Chapter 3
Volume and Shape
Particles of a Solid
2 types of Solids
Examples of Crystalline Solids
whether or not a substance can hold these defines whether the…
are closely packed, have a definite shape and volume, and vib…
crystalline solids and amorphous solids
salt, sugar, and snow
Volume and Shape
whether or not a substance can hold these defines whether the…
Particles of a Solid
are closely packed, have a definite shape and volume, and vib…
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
the greek philosopher Democritus coine…
Democritus thought that matter was mad…
if two grams of element X combine with…
according to john daltons observations…
atom
that could not be divided
28 grams
the ratio of their masses is always the same
the greek philosopher Democritus coine…
atom
Democritus thought that matter was mad…
that could not be divided
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
force
contact force
action-at-a-distance (noncontact) force
friction
push or pull on an object
transmitted when two objects are touching
can act without physical contact (gravity)
force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are touch…
force
push or pull on an object
contact force
transmitted when two objects are touching
25 terms
Chapter 3 Review Physical Science Boyle
Solid
Liquid
viscosity
surface tension
Matter that has a definite shape and volume. Molecules vibrat…
Matter that doesn't have a definite shape but has a definite…
The rate at which a liquid flows.
A force that acts on the molecules at the surface of a liquid…
Solid
Matter that has a definite shape and volume. Molecules vibrat…
Liquid
Matter that doesn't have a definite shape but has a definite…
15 terms
Chapter 3 Physical science
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
the smallest particle of an element
the central core of an atom containing protons and usually ne…
small, positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
small uncharged particle in the nucleus of an atom
atom
the smallest particle of an element
nucleus
the central core of an atom containing protons and usually ne…
22 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 3
measurement
dimension
standard
instrument
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
a property that can be measured such as length, time, volume,…
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
any artificial device made for the purpose of refining, exten…
measurement
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
dimension
a property that can be measured such as length, time, volume,…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
What is a solid?
What is a liquid?
What is a gas?
How are solid particles packed relativ…
A kind of matter that keeps both its shape and its volume (p.…
A kind of matter that has a fixed volume, but not shape (p.93)
A kind of matter that has neither fixed volume nor shape (p.95)
Solid particles are closely packed together (p.92)
What is a solid?
A kind of matter that keeps both its shape and its volume (p.…
What is a liquid?
A kind of matter that has a fixed volume, but not shape (p.93)
36 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Fluid
Plasma
Energy
Temperature
A non-solid state of matter in which the atoms of molecules a…
A state of matter that has of free-moving ionized particles
The ability to do work.
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in…
Fluid
A non-solid state of matter in which the atoms of molecules a…
Plasma
A state of matter that has of free-moving ionized particles
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 (Trilogy)
force
net force
friction
gravity
a push or a pull
the sum of all forces acting on an object
the force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
is the attractive force between two objects that depends on t…
force
a push or a pull
net force
the sum of all forces acting on an object
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
proton
neutron
electron
atomic number
positive charge
neutral charge
negative charge
protons and electrons
proton
positive charge
neutron
neutral charge
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
solid
liquid
gas
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
no definite shape or volume; particles spread far apart or mo…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
solid
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
27 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
the particles of the solid are not arranged in a regular patt…
has a definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
crystalline solid
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
22 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
measurement
dimension
standard
instrument
a comparison of an object or substance to a appropriate stand…
measureable properties of matter or energy
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
any artificial device made for the purpose of measuring
measurement
a comparison of an object or substance to a appropriate stand…
dimension
measureable properties of matter or energy
8 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
centripetal acceleration
centripetal force
friction
law of gravitation
Acceleration of an object toward the center of a curbed or ci…
a force directed toward the center of the circle for an objec…
Force that opposes motion between two touching surfaces
States that any two masses exert an attractive force on each…
centripetal acceleration
Acceleration of an object toward the center of a curbed or ci…
centripetal force
a force directed toward the center of the circle for an objec…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
exothermic
endothermic .
solid
liquid
A reaction that gives off energy
Energy is absorbed
Has a definite shape and volume.
Has a definite volume, but not a definite shape.
exothermic
A reaction that gives off energy
endothermic .
Energy is absorbed
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
state of matter
solid
liquid
crystalline solids
a physical form in which a substance can exist
state in which matter has definite shape and volume
state in which matter has a definite volume but takes the sha…
have particles arranged in orderly patterns
state of matter
a physical form in which a substance can exist
solid
state in which matter has definite shape and volume
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
the particles of the solid are not arranged in a regular patt…
has a definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
crystalline solid
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
45 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
properties that all particles of matte…
particle speed from highest speed to l…
solids
the physical forms of matter, which include:... 1. solid... 2. liqu…
1. particles are made up of atoms and molecules... 2. particles…
1. gas... 2. liquid... 3. solid
fixed volume, fixed shape
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include:... 1. solid... 2. liqu…
properties that all particles of matte…
1. particles are made up of atoms and molecules... 2. particles…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Compound
"cannot be divided"
The weighted mass of the isotopes of an element
Tells you the number of protons in the nucleus of each atom o…
A substance whose smallest unit is made up of atoms of more t…
Atom
"cannot be divided"
Atomic Mass
The weighted mass of the isotopes of an element
27 terms
Chapter 3 Physical Science
3 states of matter
Crystalline solid
Amorphous solid
solids
1. solid... 2.liquid... 3. gas
have a definite repeating patter of their particles (crystals…
have particles which are not arranged in a regular pattern... ex…
1. definite shape and definite volume... 2. particles are packed…
3 states of matter
1. solid... 2.liquid... 3. gas
Crystalline solid
have a definite repeating patter of their particles (crystals…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Measurement
Standard
Dimension
Instrument
anything you compare
known quantity of a dimension
a measureable aspect
a man-made device
Measurement
anything you compare
Standard
known quantity of a dimension
42 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
17 terms
conceptual physical science chapter 3
Momentum
Impulse
Relationship between Impulse and Momen…
Conservation of momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
between impulse and momentum: impulse is equal to the change…
In the absence of an outside force, the total momentum will b…
Momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
Impulse
the product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
36 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
element
Lavoisier
atomic number
isotope
substance made out of the same type of atom
Law of Conservation of Matter
number of protons in the nucleus of each atom of a given elem…
form of a chemical element whose atomic nucleus contains a sp…
element
substance made out of the same type of atom
Lavoisier
Law of Conservation of Matter
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Soild
Liquid
Gas
Kinetic Theroy
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
the state of which a material has neither a definite shape no…
All particles of matter are in a constant motion
Soild
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
Liquid
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
18 terms
Physical science chapter 3
Archimedes Principle
Bernoulli's Principle
Pascal's Principle
Boyle's Law
The buoyant force on an object is equal to the weight of the…
As the speed of a fluid increases, pressure decreases
If pressure in a container is increased in one spot, it will…
As volume increases, pressure decreases ... P1V1=P2V2
Archimedes Principle
The buoyant force on an object is equal to the weight of the…
Bernoulli's Principle
As the speed of a fluid increases, pressure decreases
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