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Study sets matching "chapter 4 cells"

21 terms
Chapter 4 - Cells
Golgi complex
chloroplast
vesicle
lysosomes
a cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be…
an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
a small cavity or sac that contains materials in a eukaryotic…
a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes
Golgi complex
a cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be…
chloroplast
an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Function
cytoplasm
mitochondria
nucleus
ribosomes
watery or jelly-like substance
"powerhouse" of the cell; makes energy
control center; the "brain" of the cell
protein-making sites; found on the ER of floating in the cyto…
cytoplasm
watery or jelly-like substance
mitochondria
"powerhouse" of the cell; makes energy
Chapter 4: Cells & Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars
ATP
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
22 terms
Chapter 4: Cells & Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars
ATP
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
Chapter 4: Cells & Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars
ATP
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
31 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
selectively permeable
passive transport
thin covering that forms the outer boundary of the cell
accurate model of cell membrane; lipids and proteins
certain molecules are allowed to pass through
movement of substance through a membrane without using the ce…
cell membrane
thin covering that forms the outer boundary of the cell
fluid mosaic model
accurate model of cell membrane; lipids and proteins
14 terms
Chapter 4: Energy in the Cell
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
adenosine diphosphaste (ADP)
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
high-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
low-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
light-absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthetic organsims
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
high-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
adenosine diphosphaste (ADP)
low-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
19 terms
Chapter 4: Cells & Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars
ATP
adenosine triphosphate; molecule that transfers energy from t…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate; lower energy molecule that can be conv…
42 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Reproduction
Cell Division
Interphase
Chromosome
DURING Interphase
increases the number of cells and causes many -celled organis…
most of the life of any eukaryotic cell, or cell with a nucle…
structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
a cell duplicates its chromosome and prepares for cell division
Cell Division
increases the number of cells and causes many -celled organis…
Interphase
most of the life of any eukaryotic cell, or cell with a nucle…
chapter 4 cells
Cell
Cell Theory
plasma Membrane
cystosol
Basic unit of life
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
cell membrane enclosing this semifluid in eukaryotes
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Theory
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
Cell Transport (Chapter 4)
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Homeostasis
Equilibrium
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
The direction of the movement of molecules across a space or…
Process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
A state of balance among the components of a system.
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Concentration Gradient
The direction of the movement of molecules across a space or…
21 terms
Chapter 4 "Cells" Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
the smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
one of the small bodies in a cell's cytoplasm that are specia…
in a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contain…
cell
the smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
cell membrane
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
12 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Specialisation
Unicellular
Multicellular
Cell specialisation
Cell differentiation
A single cell must carry out all functions to sustain live us…
Cells are specialized to perform different functions, but mus…
The cell has specific organelles and structure/shape to help…
The process by which unspecialized cells- stem cells become s…
Unicellular
A single cell must carry out all functions to sustain live us…
Multicellular
Cells are specialized to perform different functions, but mus…
24 terms
Chapter 4: The Cell in Action
osmosis
diffusion
active transport
exocytosis
The movement of water molecules through a semipermeable membr…
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
The movement of particles through the cell membrane using ene…
The process by which a cell gets rid of a large particle like…
osmosis
The movement of water molecules through a semipermeable membr…
diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
14 terms
Chapter 4 - The Cell in Action
Diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of substances across the cell membrane that requ…
Diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
osmosis
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
19 terms
SCIENCE: Chapter 4, The Cell in Action: study guide
Diffusion
Osmosis
Passive Transport
Active Transport
The movement of particles from area of higher concentration t…
diffusion of water in/out of the cell.
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
movement of particles from low concentration to high concentr…
Diffusion
The movement of particles from area of higher concentration t…
Osmosis
diffusion of water in/out of the cell.
29 terms
Chapter 4 - CPS Cells & Energy
autotroph
phototroph
heterotroph
chemosynthesis
makes own energy
makes energy from the sun
gets energy by breaking down different organic compounds
process of using chemical energy to make carbon-based molecul…
autotroph
makes own energy
phototroph
makes energy from the sun
19 terms
Chapter 4 The Cell in Action
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Passive Transport
movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to…
The diffusion of water through the cell membrane. Important t…
movement of substances across the cell membrane from low to h…
Movement of substances across a cell membrane. The particles…
Diffusion
movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water through the cell membrane. Important t…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
37 terms
Science Chapter 4 - The Cell in Action
Diffusion
Osmosis
Passive transport
Active transport
movement from areas of high concentration to areas of low con…
the diffusion of water through a cell membrane
going from high to low concentration without energy
Is going from low to high concentration and uses energy.
Diffusion
movement from areas of high concentration to areas of low con…
Osmosis
the diffusion of water through a cell membrane
129 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Bio
What constitutes most of the cells dry…
What promotes intracellular chemical r…
What is the function of an enzyme?
What is the function of structural pro…
Proteins
Enzymes
to catalyze covalent bond breakage or formation
to provide mechanical support to cells and tissues
What constitutes most of the cells dry…
Proteins
What promotes intracellular chemical r…
Enzymes
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
13 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains e…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can convert…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy
light-absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthetic organisms.
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains e…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can convert…
36 terms
chapter 4 inside the cell
light microscopes
Scanning electron microscope
surface area of a cell
microvilli
can be used to view cells but not in much detail
allow the structure of cells to be viewed in greater detail
is critical because it must be large enough to allow adequate…
tiny, fingerlike projections, which increases the surface are…
light microscopes
can be used to view cells but not in much detail
Scanning electron microscope
allow the structure of cells to be viewed in greater detail
24 terms
Ch 4 - Cells
nucleus
cytoplasm
vacuoles
cell membrane
biggest organelle in animal cell... contains chromosomes... control…
where chemical reactions occur
contain liquid and food particles
partially permeable membrane that holds cell together
nucleus
biggest organelle in animal cell... contains chromosomes... control…
cytoplasm
where chemical reactions occur
47 terms
Cells Chapter 4
actin filament
capsule
cell
cell envelope
part of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement of the…
glycocalyx that consists of a well organized, gelatinous laye…
The smallest unit of life that displays all the properties of…
the portion composed of the plasma membrane, the cell wall, a…
actin filament
part of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement of the…
capsule
glycocalyx that consists of a well organized, gelatinous laye…
18 terms
chapter 4 cell terms
hooke
dujardin
schleiden
schwann
discovered cork cells
discovered protoplasm
all plants are made up of cells
all animals are made up of cells
hooke
discovered cork cells
dujardin
discovered protoplasm
25 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
44 terms
Chapter 4 (Cells and Genes)
proteins
enzymes
how many different kinds of amino acid…
proteins are also called _____________…
main building blocks from which cells are assembled; determin…
proteins which are used to catalyze and speed up reactions wi…
20
proteins are also called polypeptides.
proteins
main building blocks from which cells are assembled; determin…
enzymes
proteins which are used to catalyze and speed up reactions wi…
21 terms
Life Science: Chapter 4 Cells
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
the barrier in all cells
structures that have specific jobs inside cells
a type of organelle that stores DNA
cell
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
cell membrane
the barrier in all cells
48 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Reproduction
DNA
Watson, Crick, Franklin
double helix
nitrogen bases
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material of all organisms;…
Rosalind Franklin discovered that DNA is made of two chains o…
a pair of parallel helices intertwined about a common axis, e…
(Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine) - A nitrogenous base is…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material of all organisms;…
Watson, Crick, Franklin
Rosalind Franklin discovered that DNA is made of two chains o…
31 terms
Chapter 4 Cells
plasma membrane
Prokaryote
Cytosol
Cyto
Selectively permeable; allows items in or out of cell
Microscopic organism (bacteria) without a nucleus or membrano…
Fluid portion of the cell
root word that means "cell"
plasma membrane
Selectively permeable; allows items in or out of cell
Prokaryote
Microscopic organism (bacteria) without a nucleus or membrano…
48 terms
Chapter 4 - Cells
Cell Theory
Surface Area to Volume
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic
Features of Prokaryotic Cells
Cells are the fundamental units of life. All living organisms…
As radius goes to infinity, V will grow faster than SA. Volum…
Eukaryotes have membrane-bound organelles, Prokaryotes do not…
Cell walls (some), nucleoid, cytoplasm, cell membrane, riboso…
Cell Theory
Cells are the fundamental units of life. All living organisms…
Surface Area to Volume
As radius goes to infinity, V will grow faster than SA. Volum…
94 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Tour of the Cell
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
3 principles in of cell theory
Why are cells so small
10-100 micrometer in diameter
1-10 micrometer in diameter
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells and the lif…
Because if a cell becomes too big, it would be nearly impossi…
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
10-100 micrometer in diameter
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
1-10 micrometer in diameter
13 terms
Chapter 4 Cells
Simple Squamos
Simple Cuboidal
lumen
simple columnar
digestive track (stomach, small intestine) excretory ducts, u…
Simple Squamos
Simple Cuboidal
31 terms
Chapter 4 - The Cell
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
or cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and ou…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
21 terms
Cell Structure Chapter 4
cell membrane
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplasts
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal…
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
36 terms
Chapter 4 - Introduction to Cells
cell
microscope
cell theory
cell wall
basic units of structure and function in living things
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some other…
cell
basic units of structure and function in living things
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
31 terms
Chapter 4: Cells
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
Centriole
Chloroplast
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane, provides…
...
...
...
Cell Wall
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane, provides…
Central Vacuole
...
12 terms
Cell Chapter 4 Vocab
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Passive transport
Active transport
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Passive transport is a movement of biochemicals and other ato…
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Mitosis
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
Cytokinesis
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
59 terms
Chapter 4: Cells
Fundamental
Microscope
Cell Fractionation
"Prokaryote"
-organisms are made of cells... -the cell is the simplest form o…
Light: passes a beam of light through it... Electron: focuses a…
-Broken up cells are placed in a centrifuge... -Heavy substances…
Bacteria and archea... -no nucleus... -DNA in nucleoid ... -no membran…
Fundamental
-organisms are made of cells... -the cell is the simplest form o…
Microscope
Light: passes a beam of light through it... Electron: focuses a…
35 terms
Chapter 4: Cells
Plasma Membrane
Organelles
Flagella
Cytoplasm
structurally distinctive surface membrane that surrounds all…
internal structures of cells, specialized to carry out cell a…
long whiplike tails used for locomotion
includes organelles and cytosol, 50% of cell volume, has prot…
Plasma Membrane
structurally distinctive surface membrane that surrounds all…
Organelles
internal structures of cells, specialized to carry out cell a…
15 terms
chapter 4 cells
mitosis
chromosomes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
A type of reproduction involving only one parent that produce…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
chromosomes
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
32 terms
Ms. Pekarcik's Chapter 4 Vocab (Cells)
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the small unit that can perform all life processes; covered b…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
another name for the cell membrane, the cell's outer boundary…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the small unit that can perform all life processes; covered b…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
66 terms
Chapter 4 Cells
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
A protein found in muscle that together with myosin functions…
constitute a domain or kingdom of single-celled microorganisms
Any of various bacteria, especially a rod-shaped bacterium.
A cellular organelle that is similar to the centriole in stru…
actin filament
A protein found in muscle that together with myosin functions…
archaean
constitute a domain or kingdom of single-celled microorganisms
Chapter 4: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
ribosomes
cytoskeleton
limit water uptake; maintain shape, protect, outside plasma m…
site of most cell's DNA
protein synthesis located on rough ER, free-standing in cytop…
maintains cell shape, moves material inside the cell, located…
cell wall
limit water uptake; maintain shape, protect, outside plasma m…
nucleus
site of most cell's DNA
52 terms
Chapter 4- Cells
genome
prokaryotic cells
examples of prokaryotic cells
plasma membrane
complete genetic material
small and lack a membrane enclosed nucleus
bacteria and archaea
double layer of phospholipids, forms a barrier between the ce…
genome
complete genetic material
prokaryotic cells
small and lack a membrane enclosed nucleus
15 terms
Cells: Chapter 4
mitosis
chromosomes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
1. Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei con…
1. Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called…
1. Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself... 2. R…
1. A reproductive process that involves two parents that comb…
mitosis
1. Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei con…
chromosomes
1. Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called…
15 terms
Cells Chapter 4
Mitosis
chromosomes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
1.Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called t…
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself... A repr…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
chromosomes
1.Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called t…
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