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Study sets matching "chapter 4 science chemistry"

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Study sets matching "chapter 4 science chemistry"

38 terms
Physical Science - Chemistry (Chapter4 - states of matter)
state of matter
fixed
plasma
solid
phr. a physical property that describes matter as a solid, li…
adj. don't move or never change (固定的)
n. a fourth state of matter, exists as ions and give off ligh…
n. a state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite…
state of matter
phr. a physical property that describes matter as a solid, li…
fixed
adj. don't move or never change (固定的)
11 terms
Food Science Chapter 4: Basic Food Chemistry
Compound
Mixture
Homogeneous
Heterogenius
A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements tha…
different substances that don't completely mix together
Same throughout.
Separate parts can be seen.
Compound
A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements tha…
Mixture
different substances that don't completely mix together
23 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 4
valence electrons
electron dot diagram(s)
chemical bond
ion
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
the force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result…
An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge due to…
valence electrons
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
electron dot diagram(s)
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
11 terms
Food Science Chapter 4: Basic Food Chemistry
Compound
Mixture
Homogeneous
Heterogenius
A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements tha…
different substances that don't completely mix together
Same throughout.
Separate parts can be seen.
Compound
A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements tha…
Mixture
different substances that don't completely mix together
23 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 4
valence electrons
electron dot diagram(s)
chemical bond
ion
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
the force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result…
An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge due to…
valence electrons
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
electron dot diagram(s)
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
61 terms
Science Chapter 4: The Chemistry of Life
Atom
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
the basic unit of matter; made up of an equal number of proto…
positively charged particles
carry no charge
negatively charged particles; found in space surrounding the…
Atom
the basic unit of matter; made up of an equal number of proto…
Protons
positively charged particles
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
20 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 4
Aqueous solutions
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
Solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
The thing being dissolved IN
The thing being dissolved
Any substance whose aqueous solution that contains ions... -Beca…
Aqueous solutions
Solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
Solvent
The thing being dissolved IN
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Actinide
Alkali metal
Alkaline-earth metal
Group
Shiny, metallic transition metals with atomic numbers 90-103.…
Highly reactive elements in Group 1 that react rapidly with w…
Reactive metallic elements in Group 2 with two electrons in t…
A series of elements that form a vertical column in the perio…
Actinide
Shiny, metallic transition metals with atomic numbers 90-103.…
Alkali metal
Highly reactive elements in Group 1 that react rapidly with w…
27 terms
Science chapter 4 chemistry
Polymer
Monomer
Plastic
Composite
A large, complex molecule built from smaller molecules joined…
The smaller molecules from which polymers are built
Synthetic polymers that can be molded or shaped which are the…
Two or more substances in a new material with different prope…
Polymer
A large, complex molecule built from smaller molecules joined…
Monomer
The smaller molecules from which polymers are built
39 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 4 Vocab
Aqueous solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
A solution in which water is the solvent.
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is…
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solu…
Aqueous solution
A solution in which water is the solvent.
Solvent
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
69 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Dalton's model
Thompson's Model
Rutherford's Model
Model of atom after Chadwick
Uniformly dense sphere. Also called the heat envelope model,…
Plum Pudding. Electrons in a sea of positive goo.
Nuclear model. NO neutrons until Chadwick
This added neutrons to the nucleus
Dalton's model
Uniformly dense sphere. Also called the heat envelope model,…
Thompson's Model
Plum Pudding. Electrons in a sea of positive goo.
28 terms
CP Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
atom
Dalton's atomic theory
How did Democritus describe atoms?
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
basic unit of matter
1) elements are composed of atoms. 2) atoms of same element a…
Believed that the atoms were indivisible and indestructible
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atom
basic unit of matter
20 terms
Science Chemistry Chapter 4
Halogen Family
Oxygen Family
Nitrogen Family
Noble Gases
Very reactive, group 17, nonmetals
group 16, three nonmetals
group 15, diatomic molecule, not very reactive
group 18, don't usually form compounds, nonreactive
Halogen Family
Very reactive, group 17, nonmetals
Oxygen Family
group 16, three nonmetals
39 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 4 Vocab
Aqueous solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
A solution in which water is the solvent.
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is…
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solu…
Aqueous solution
A solution in which water is the solvent.
Solvent
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
10 terms
PHYSICAL SCIENCE - Chapter 4 - Science of Chemistry
solution
product
solvent
solute
a mixture in which the particles of each substance are mixed…
one of the end results of a chemical reaction
a substance that dissolves another substance to form a solution
a substance that is dissolved in another substance, forming a…
solution
a mixture in which the particles of each substance are mixed…
product
one of the end results of a chemical reaction
20 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 4
valence electrons
electron dot diagram(s)
chemical bond
ion
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
the force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result…
An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge due to…
valence electrons
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
electron dot diagram(s)
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
30 terms
Science chapter 4 chemistry
Matter
Pure substance
Mixture
Element
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Matter that contains only one kind of particle
Matter that contains more than one kind of particle
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler parts…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Pure substance
Matter that contains only one kind of particle
19 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 4 Terminology
periodic law
valence electron
group
period
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
24 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 4
Aqueous solutions
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
Solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
The thing being dissolved IN
The thing being dissolved
Any substance whose aqueous solution that contains ions... -Beca…
Aqueous solutions
Solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
Solvent
The thing being dissolved IN
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Science Chemistry Chapter 4
Polymer
Monomer
Polymerization
Protein
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
a chemical process that combines several monomers to form a p…
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
39 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 4 Vocab
Aqueous solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
A solution in which water is the solvent.
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is…
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solu…
Aqueous solution
A solution in which water is the solvent.
Solvent
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
14 terms
Science Chemistry Chapter 4
Ionic Compounds...
Covalent Compounds...
Prefixes
atom
-non-metal or ammonium ion (NH4) + metal... -sharing of electron…
-subscripts show the actual number of atoms in the molecule... -…
1-mono... 2-di... 3-tri... 4-tetra... 5-penta... 6-hexa... 7-hepta... 8-octo... 9-non…
-smallest particle of an element
Ionic Compounds...
-non-metal or ammonium ion (NH4) + metal... -sharing of electron…
Covalent Compounds...
-subscripts show the actual number of atoms in the molecule... -…
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Science
Qualitative Observation
Quantitative Observation
Matter
Energy
Observations that use senses (sight, smell, taste, touch)
Observations that involve measurements and have units.
Anything that has a mass and takes up space.
The ability to do work.
Qualitative Observation
Observations that use senses (sight, smell, taste, touch)
Quantitative Observation
Observations that involve measurements and have units.
23 terms
Science - Chemistry Chapter 4
Concentration
Dilute
Saturated
Solubility
The amount of solute contained in the solvent at a given temp…
Having a low concentration of solute
Has the maximum amount of solute dissolved in a solvent
Amount of solute that dissolved in a certain amount of solven…
Concentration
The amount of solute contained in the solvent at a given temp…
Dilute
Having a low concentration of solute
18 terms
Science - Chapter 4: Chemistry
Define atoms and state their sub-atomi…
State the maximum number of electrons…
Define elements and state how many dif…
Are there more synthetic or naturally…
An atom is the smallest particle of a chemical element that c…
**
An element or chemical element is the simplest form of matter…
There are 20 synthetic elements. There are 92 naturally occur…
Define atoms and state their sub-atomi…
An atom is the smallest particle of a chemical element that c…
State the maximum number of electrons…
**
30 terms
Science chapter 4-CHEMISTRY
Adhesion
Cohesion
Physical property
Chemical change
When water sicks to other substances (property of water)
When water sticks to its self (property of water)
Characteristics of a substance that can be observed or measured
Ability of a substance to change into a new substance or subs…
Adhesion
When water sicks to other substances (property of water)
Cohesion
When water sticks to its self (property of water)
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
24 terms
CHEMISTRY: THE CENTRAL SCIENCE chapter 4
aqueous solution
solvent
solute
electrolyte
solution in which the solvent is water... (section 4.0)
substance dissolving the solute in a solution... (section 4.1)
substance being dissolved in a solution ... (section 4.1)
substance that forms ions in a solution ... (section 4.1)
aqueous solution
solution in which the solvent is water... (section 4.0)
solvent
substance dissolving the solute in a solution... (section 4.1)
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelenght
frequency
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
the distance from any point on a wave to an identical point o…
the number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; also the…
electromagnetic radiation
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
electromagnetic spectrum
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
18 terms
Chemistry Holt Chapter 4
Periodic Law
Valence Electron
Group
Main-Group Elements
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
A column of elements in the periodic table that share similar…
the p-block elements together with the s-block elements
Periodic Law
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
Valence Electron
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
Earth Science Chapter 4 Earth Chemistry
H20 is the molecular formula of
CO2 is the molecular formula of
CO is the molecular formula of
02 is the molecular formula of
WATER
carbon dioxide
carbon monoxide
Oxygen
H20 is the molecular formula of
WATER
CO2 is the molecular formula of
carbon dioxide
19 terms
Chemistry, Chapter 4: Atoms
Atom
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Democritus's Atomic Philosophy
Dalton's four major points in atomic t…
smallest particle of matter that retains the identify of an e…
an early theory relating chemical changes to events of the at…
In 300's BC reasoned that atoms were indivisible and indestru…
1. all elements are composed of tiny indivisible particles ca…
Atom
smallest particle of matter that retains the identify of an e…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
an early theory relating chemical changes to events of the at…
42 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
39 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 4
Aqueous solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
A solution in which water is the solvent.
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution; it is…
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solu…
Aqueous solution
A solution in which water is the solvent.
Solvent
The dissolving medium of a solution; it is normally the compo…
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 4
Solubility rules
Redox
Molarity
Aqueous Solution
Rules that state which compounds are soluble and which are in…
Oxidation: Loss of electrons ... Reduction: Gain of electrons
mol/V
Water is the dissolving component
Solubility rules
Rules that state which compounds are soluble and which are in…
Redox
Oxidation: Loss of electrons ... Reduction: Gain of electrons
23 terms
Science - Chemistry Chapter 4
Concentration
Dilute
Saturated
Solubility
The amount of solute contained in the solvent at a given temp…
Having a low concentration of solute
Has the maximum amount of solute dissolved in a solvent
Amount of solute that dissolved in a certain amount of solven…
Concentration
The amount of solute contained in the solvent at a given temp…
Dilute
Having a low concentration of solute
45 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves. Meas…
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
33 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
aqueous solutions
solvent
solute
electrolyte
solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
the substance present in a greater quantity
the substance the solvent is dissolved in
any substance whose aqueous solution contains ions
aqueous solutions
solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
solvent
the substance present in a greater quantity
32 terms
Science 8, Chapter 4, Chemistry Vocab.
Valence electrons
Electron dot diagram
Chemical Bond
Ion
Electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
the force that holds two atoms together
A charged atom
Valence electrons
Electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom
Electron dot diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
18 terms
Introduction to chemistry: Interactive science chapter 4
Valence electrons
Electron dot diagram
Chemical bond
Polyatomic ions
Those electrons that have the highest energy.
Symbol for the element surrounded by dots.
A force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result o…
The prefix of polly means "many", so polyatomic means "many a…
Valence electrons
Those electrons that have the highest energy.
Electron dot diagram
Symbol for the element surrounded by dots.
30 terms
science chapter 4 chemistry
nucleus
proton
electron
neutron
a dense, positively charged mass located in the center of the…
a positively charged subatomic charged particle that is found…
negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the sp…
neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of an…
nucleus
a dense, positively charged mass located in the center of the…
proton
a positively charged subatomic charged particle that is found…
23 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 4
valence electrons
electron dot diagram(s)
chemical bond
ion
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
the force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result…
An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge due to…
valence electrons
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
electron dot diagram(s)
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
20 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 4
valence electrons
electron dot diagram(s)
chemical bond
ion
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
the force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result…
An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge due to…
valence electrons
These electrons have the highest energy and are located in ou…
electron dot diagram(s)
The valence electrons of an atom are shown as dots around the…
37 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 4
valence electrons
electron dot diagram(s)
chemical bond
ion
electrons that have the highest energy, located in outer shell
includes the chemical symbol for the element surrounded by do…
the force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result…
atom or group of atoms that has an electrical charge
valence electrons
electrons that have the highest energy, located in outer shell
electron dot diagram(s)
includes the chemical symbol for the element surrounded by do…
18 terms
Introduction to chemistry: Interactive science chapter 4
Valence electrons
Electron dot diagram
Chemical bond
Polyatomic ions
Those electrons that have the highest energy.
Symbol for the element surrounded by dots.
A force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result o…
The prefix of polly means "many", so polyatomic means "many a…
Valence electrons
Those electrons that have the highest energy.
Electron dot diagram
Symbol for the element surrounded by dots.
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
atomic theory
protons
neutrons
Smallest particle of an element
theory that states all matter is made up of atoms, atoms from…
Positively charged particles
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic theory
theory that states all matter is made up of atoms, atoms from…
23 terms
Science - Chemistry Chapter 4
Concentration
Dilute
Saturated
Solubility
The amount of solute contained in the solvent at a given temp…
Having a low concentration of solute
Has the maximum amount of solute dissolved in a solvent
Amount of solute that dissolved in a certain amount of solven…
Concentration
The amount of solute contained in the solvent at a given temp…
Dilute
Having a low concentration of solute
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