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Study sets matching "chapter 4 solar system"

12 terms
6th Gr. Chapter 4 The Solar System
asteroids
comet
astronomical unit
period of revolution
millions of small, rocky objects that orbit the sun in the as…
made of gas, dust, and ice and moves around the Sun in an ova…
the average distance from Earth to the Sun - about 150 millio…
the time it takes an object to travel once around the sun
asteroids
millions of small, rocky objects that orbit the sun in the as…
comet
made of gas, dust, and ice and moves around the Sun in an ova…
16 terms
Chapter 4 "The Solar System"
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
fastest moving planet, rotates once every 59 Earth days, year…
very bright, rotates in opposite direction from other planets…
one moon, rotates once in 24 hours, year lasts 365 Earth days…
iron in rock and soil, two moons, rotates once every 24 hours…
Mercury
fastest moving planet, rotates once every 59 Earth days, year…
Venus
very bright, rotates in opposite direction from other planets…
11 terms
Solar System-Chapter 4
star
planet
moon
solar system
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes own energy and light.
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun.
Natural satellite that orbits a planet.
A star, such as the sun,and all of the objects that revolve a…
star
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes own energy and light.
planet
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun.
11 terms
Solar System-Chapter 4
star
planet
moon
solar system
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes own energy and light.
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun.
Natural satellite that orbits a planet.
A star, such as the sun,and all of the objects that revolve a…
star
Glowing ball of hot gas that makes own energy and light.
planet
Large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun.
12 terms
Chapter 4 The Solar System
star
planet
moon
Solar System
glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
natural satellite that orbits a planet
a star, such as the sun, and all of the objects that revolve…
star
glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light
planet
large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
12 terms
Chapter 4 The Solar System
Asteroid
Comet
Astronomical Unit
Period of Rotation
small, rocky objects that orbit the sun
made of gas, dust, and ice and moves around the sun in an ova…
average distance from Earth to the Sun; about 150 million kil…
the time it takes an object to complete one rotation
Asteroid
small, rocky objects that orbit the sun
Comet
made of gas, dust, and ice and moves around the sun in an ova…
42 terms
The Solar System: Chapter 4
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
Acceleration of gravity
How far an object moves in a certain amount of time
tells speed and direction
the rate at which an object's velocity's changes
the acceleration of a falling object
Speed
How far an object moves in a certain amount of time
Velocity
tells speed and direction
11 terms
Chapter 4, The Solar System
Star
Planet
Solar System
Mass
A glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light.
A large body in space that orbits a star such as the sun.
A star, such as the sun, and all the bodies that revolve arou…
The amount of material that an object contains.
Star
A glowing ball of hot gas that makes its own energy and light.
Planet
A large body in space that orbits a star such as the sun.
28 terms
Chapter 4 The Solar System
Planetary Alignment
terrestrial planets examples
terrestrial planets
Jovian planets examples
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
physical and chemical properties similar to Earth. Small mass…
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Planetary Alignment
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
terrestrial planets examples
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
15 terms
Chapter 4 - The Solar System
asteroid
astronomical unit
comet
period of revolution
small, rocky object that orbits the Sun in the asteroid belt…
average distance from Earth to the Sun - about 150 million Km
object made of gas, dust, and ice that moves around the Sun i…
time it takes an object to travel once around the Sun
asteroid
small, rocky object that orbits the Sun in the asteroid belt…
astronomical unit
average distance from Earth to the Sun - about 150 million Km
36 terms
Chapter 4 The Solar System
Solar System
Planet
Dwarf Planet
Planetesimal
consist of the sun and the planets and other objects that rev…
an object that or is a star, is large enough to have become r…
an object that orbits the sun and is spherical, but has not c…
one of the smallest asteroid-like bodies that formed the buil…
Solar System
consist of the sun and the planets and other objects that rev…
Planet
an object that or is a star, is large enough to have become r…
38 terms
Chapter 4 The Solar System
solar system
astronomical unit
planet
dwarf planet
consists of the sun, the planets, their moons, and a variety…
unit used by scientists that equals the average distance betw…
must be round, orbit the sun, and have cleared out the region…
an object that is round, and orbits the sun, but has not clea…
solar system
consists of the sun, the planets, their moons, and a variety…
astronomical unit
unit used by scientists that equals the average distance betw…
24 terms
Chapter 4 - The Solar System
solar system
astronomical unit
planet
dwarf planet
sun, planets and their moons, and a variety of smaller objects
average distance between the sun and the Earth
round, orbit the sun, and have cleared out the region of the…
object that orbits the sun and has enough gravity to be spher…
solar system
sun, planets and their moons, and a variety of smaller objects
astronomical unit
average distance between the sun and the Earth
19 terms
Chapter 4 Solar System
Solar system
Planet
Dwarf planet
Planetesimal
Consists of the sun the planets and their moons and a variety…
Must be round orbit the sun and have cleared out the region o…
Is an object that orbits the sun and has enough gravity to be…
The rock and ice form small bodies
Solar system
Consists of the sun the planets and their moons and a variety…
Planet
Must be round orbit the sun and have cleared out the region o…
24 terms
Chapter 4 (Solar System)
Solar System
Astronomical Unit
Planet
Dwarf Planet
our solar system consists of the sun, the planets, their moon…
the measurement used in space that is equal to the average di…
an object in space that is round, orbits a star, and has clea…
an object in space that has enough mass to be round, and orbi…
Solar System
our solar system consists of the sun, the planets, their moon…
Astronomical Unit
the measurement used in space that is equal to the average di…
33 terms
Chapter 4 Solar system
carbon dioxide
has objects in the area of its orbit
craters
planetesimals
Mars's atmosphere is mostly _________________.
Pluto was demoted from a planet to a dwarf planet because it…
The round pits on the moon are called ________.
Small bodies made of rock and ice that become the building bl…
carbon dioxide
Mars's atmosphere is mostly _________________.
has objects in the area of its orbit
Pluto was demoted from a planet to a dwarf planet because it…
15 terms
Chapter 4- Solar system
Solar system
Meteor
Meteorite
Comet
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
A streak of light in the sky produced by the burning of a met…
A meteoroid that has hit earth's surface.
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
Solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
Meteor
A streak of light in the sky produced by the burning of a met…
30 terms
chapter 4 solar system
solar system
sun
planet
dwarf planet
the sun,the planets, their moons, and a variety of smaller ob…
our closest star, contains 99.85% of the mass of the solar sy…
round; orbits the sun and has cleared out the region of the s…
orbits the sun, has enough gravity to be spherical, but has n…
solar system
the sun,the planets, their moons, and a variety of smaller ob…
sun
our closest star, contains 99.85% of the mass of the solar sy…
9 terms
Solar System with Jack and Annie Chapter 4
comet
meteroid
atmosphere
meteorite
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
a relatively small, rocky body that travels through space
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
A meteoroid that has hit earth's surface.
comet
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
meteroid
a relatively small, rocky body that travels through space
39 terms
Chapter 4-the solar system
solar system
density
terrestrial planets
Jovian planets
the sun and all the bodies that orbit it-Mercury, Venus, Eart…
a measure of the compactness of the matter of an object compu…
one of the four innermost planets in the solar system
one of the four giant planets of the outer solar system
solar system
the sun and all the bodies that orbit it-Mercury, Venus, Eart…
density
a measure of the compactness of the matter of an object compu…
19 terms
Chapter 4 The Solar System
solar system
planet
dwarf planet
planetesimal
The system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
An object that orbits a star , is large enough to have become…
An object that orbits the sun and is spherical, but has not c…
One of the small asteroid-like Bodies that formedthe building…
solar system
The system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
planet
An object that orbits a star , is large enough to have become…
24 terms
Chapter 4: The Solar System
Solar System
Astronomical Unit
Planet
Dwarf Planet
Consists of the sun,the planets,their moons,and a variety of…
One astronomical unit equals the the average distance between…
Round,Orbits the Sun,and have cleared out the region of the s…
An object that orbits the sun and has enough gravity to be sp…
Solar System
Consists of the sun,the planets,their moons,and a variety of…
Astronomical Unit
One astronomical unit equals the the average distance between…
23 terms
Chapter 4-The Solar System
Solar System
Astronomical Unit
Planet
Dwarf Planet
consists of the sun, the planet, their moons, and a variety o…
equals the average distance between the Earth and the Sun
must be round, orbit the sun, and have a cleared out the regi…
is an object that orbits the sun and has enough gravity to be…
Solar System
consists of the sun, the planet, their moons, and a variety o…
Astronomical Unit
equals the average distance between the Earth and the Sun
38 terms
Chapter 4 - The Solar System
solar system
density
terestrial planet
jovian planet
The Sun and all the bodies that orbit it - Mercury, Venus, Ea…
A measure of the compactness of the matter within an object,…
One of the four innermost planets of the solar system, resemb…
One of the four giant outer planets of the solar system, rese…
solar system
The Sun and all the bodies that orbit it - Mercury, Venus, Ea…
density
A measure of the compactness of the matter within an object,…
24 terms
Chapter 4 - The Solar System
solar system
astronomical unit
planet
dwarf planet
sun, planets and their moons, and a variety of smaller objects
average distance between the sun and the Earth
round, orbit the sun, and have cleared out the region of the…
object that orbits the sun and has enough gravity to be spher…
solar system
sun, planets and their moons, and a variety of smaller objects
astronomical unit
average distance between the sun and the Earth
19 terms
Chapter 4 : solar system
solar system
planet
dwarf planet
planetesimal
contains a sun, planets their moons and a variety of smaller…
round, orbit the sun and have cleared out the region of its o…
an object that orbits the sun and had enough gravity to be sp…
when rock and ice form small bodies
solar system
contains a sun, planets their moons and a variety of smaller…
planet
round, orbit the sun and have cleared out the region of its o…
57 terms
Chapter 4: The Solar System
Early astronomers knew....
Now known: Solar system has...
Distance from the Sun known by....
Orbital period can/ cannot be observed?
Moon, stars, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, comets, a…
166 moons, one star, eight planets (added Uranus and Neptune)…
Kepler's Laws
Can
Early astronomers knew....
Moon, stars, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, comets, a…
Now known: Solar system has...
166 moons, one star, eight planets (added Uranus and Neptune)…
66 terms
Solar System Chapter 4
What is the easiest energy to understa…
Who has more energy, a fast or slow mo…
What is heat energy?
What is the formula for heat energy eq…
Energy of motion
Fast
Random energy of motion of atoms
The formula for kinetic energy
What is the easiest energy to understa…
Energy of motion
Who has more energy, a fast or slow mo…
Fast
29 terms
Chapter 4 The Solar System
What is a planet?
Order of the Solar System
Orbital Direction
Ecliptic
A body that orbits the Sun, large enough for its own gravity…
Sun... Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars... Asteroid Belt... Jupiter... Saturn... U…
Counterclockwise when viewed above Earth's North Pole
Equator of the Sun... All orbits but Mercury's are close to the…
What is a planet?
A body that orbits the Sun, large enough for its own gravity…
Order of the Solar System
Sun... Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars... Asteroid Belt... Jupiter... Saturn... U…
23 terms
Chapter 4-The Solar System
Astronomical unit
Planet
Dwarf planet
Planetesimal
the average distance between Earth and the Sun, 150,000,000 km
a body that orbits the Sun, is round, and has cleared its orbit
a body that orbits the Sun, is round, but has not cleared its…
small bodies in space formed when gravity pulls rock, ice, an…
Astronomical unit
the average distance between Earth and the Sun, 150,000,000 km
Planet
a body that orbits the Sun, is round, and has cleared its orbit
Chapter 4: solar system
What does planets mean
What is the largest object in our sola…
How many planets orbit the sun
What are the four inner planets
Wanderers
The sun
8 planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
What does planets mean
Wanderers
What is the largest object in our sola…
The sun
53 terms
Chapter 4:The Solar System
Gas Giants
Lesson 1: Introducing the Solar System
Astronomical Unit.
Dwarf Planet
Planets that are mainly composed of gas and that are very large
...
Average distance between the Earth and Sun
An object that orbits the sun and has enough gravity to be sp…
Gas Giants
Planets that are mainly composed of gas and that are very large
Lesson 1: Introducing the Solar System
...
45 terms
Chapter 4, The Solar System
Which is bigger in size?
What is the material composition of th…
What is the material composition of th…
Which has a higher density and why?
Jovian Planets
rock
gas
The Terrestrial planets because, even though they are small,…
Which is bigger in size?
Jovian Planets
What is the material composition of th…
rock
13 terms
Chapter 4: The Solar System and Beyond
crater
phase
tide
lunar eclipse
a hollow area or pit in the ground.
a temporary state of being, often used to describe a change i…
The rise and fall of the ocean's surface.
a blocking of the moon's light when the moon passes into Eart…
crater
a hollow area or pit in the ground.
phase
a temporary state of being, often used to describe a change i…
15 terms
The Solar System- Chapter 4
Asteroid
Meteoroid
Comet
Planet
fragments of rocky material (somewhat similar in composition…
fragments of rocky material (somewhat similar in composition…
mostly ice; highly elliptical orbits; 1-10 km diameters nucle…
must have enough mass to be in the shape of a sphere (gravity…
Asteroid
fragments of rocky material (somewhat similar in composition…
Meteoroid
fragments of rocky material (somewhat similar in composition…
21 terms
Chapter 4: The Solar System
CH.4 Oort Cloud
CH.4 Solar Wind
CH.4 Asteroids
CH.4 Jovian
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system
A stream of electrically charged particles produced by the su…
...
1. Far from Sun... 2. Large masses... 3. Mostly gaseous... 4. Fast rot…
CH.4 Oort Cloud
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system
CH.4 Solar Wind
A stream of electrically charged particles produced by the su…
20 terms
chapter 4 the solar system and beyond
What Happens when Earth spins on its a…
How long does it take the earth to com…
What causes the seasons?
How does the sun affect Earth?
An Axis is a real or imaginary line that an object spins arou…
One rotation takes 24 hours.
The seasons result from the Earths tilted axis and its rotati…
The sun is the energy source for most life on Earth.... Suns ene…
What Happens when Earth spins on its a…
An Axis is a real or imaginary line that an object spins arou…
How long does it take the earth to com…
One rotation takes 24 hours.
19 terms
Solar system vocab chapter 4
Solar system
Planet
Dwarf planet
Planetesimal
Consist of the sun and a lot of other planets
Round and orbits the sun
A small planet that orbits the sun
Collide and eventually form a solar system
Solar system
Consist of the sun and a lot of other planets
Planet
Round and orbits the sun
121 terms
Review Chapter 4 Solar System
Name Inner Planets
The Terrestrial Planets are...
The four terrestrial planets are small…
Name Outer Planets
Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars
The Inner Planets
The Inner Planets
Jupiter... Saturn ... Uranus... Neptune
Name Inner Planets
Mercury... Venus... Earth... Mars
The Terrestrial Planets are...
The Inner Planets
83 terms
Chapter 4 Solar System Study Guide
What is a piece of rock similar to the…
What is a mass that travels through sp…
Which planet has the Great Red Spot? W…
Which planet is closest to the Sun; ha…
asteroid
comet
Jupiter; a giant, high-pressure continuous storm
Mercury
What is a piece of rock similar to the…
asteroid
What is a mass that travels through sp…
comet
Chapter 4: Exploring Our Changing Solar System
Terrestrial and Jovian
Planet
Orbit Stars and gravity shaped sphere
8
2 planet categories
any naturally occurring object that orbits a star with suffic…
2 characteristics of planets
number of planets in the solar system
Terrestrial and Jovian
2 planet categories
Planet
any naturally occurring object that orbits a star with suffic…
40 terms
Astronomy Chapter 4- Solar System
size of solar system
Shape of solar system
all planets resolve in a _________
mecury has what degree tilt?
80 A.U.
disk ( planer )
plane
7
size of solar system
80 A.U.
Shape of solar system
disk ( planer )
12 terms
Chapter 4 (Our Solar System)
gas giant
inner planet
magnify
moon
a very large planet made up mostly of gases
any of the four planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars) closest…
to make an object appear larger
a small, rounded body that orbits a planet
gas giant
a very large planet made up mostly of gases
inner planet
any of the four planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars) closest…
19 terms
Hynes Chapter 4 The Solar System
Solar System
Planet
Dwarf Planet
Planetesimal
consist of the sun and the planets and other objects that rev…
an object that or is a star, is large enough to have become r…
an object that orbits the sun and is spherical, but has not c…
one of the smallest asteroid-like bodies that formed the buil…
Solar System
consist of the sun and the planets and other objects that rev…
Planet
an object that or is a star, is large enough to have become r…
34 terms
Astronomy Chapter 4 - The Solar System
The Solar System
Density
Terrestrial Planets
Jovian Planets
Contains one star (the Sun), eight planets orbiting that star…
a measure of the compactness of an object, computed by dividi…
Four inner planets; Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
The outer gas planets; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
The Solar System
Contains one star (the Sun), eight planets orbiting that star…
Density
a measure of the compactness of an object, computed by dividi…
15 terms
Chapter 4 formation of the solar system
nebular hypothesis
Snow Line
inside snow line
outside snow line
Nebular Hypothesis, an explanation of how the solar system wa…
the distance from the Sun where the solar nebula was cool eno…
it was warm planets formed mostly of rocks and metals
it was cooler planets formed of rocks, metals, and hydrogen c…
nebular hypothesis
Nebular Hypothesis, an explanation of how the solar system wa…
Snow Line
the distance from the Sun where the solar nebula was cool eno…
7 terms
Ch 4 Solar System
solar system
astronomical unit
planet
planetesimal
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
A large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce…
One of the small asteroid-like bodies that formed the buildin…
solar system
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
astronomical unit
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
33 terms
Chapter 4: Formation of the Solar System
The Solar System
How long ago did the solar system form?
Stellar Winds
Planetary Nebulae
Made up of one star, our Sun, and all the bodies orbit it
Some 9 billion years after the universe came into existance
The outer layers of stars expelled at different rates, rangin…
Energetic explosion of gas
The Solar System
Made up of one star, our Sun, and all the bodies orbit it
How long ago did the solar system form?
Some 9 billion years after the universe came into existance
22 terms
Chapter 4- Formation of the Solar System
orbits of the eight major planets
terrestrial planets
jovian planets
radioactive dating
nearly in the same plane; in the same direction; nearly circu…
Mercury, Venus, Earth Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
of rock samples from Earth, Moon, and meteorites
orbits of the eight major planets
nearly in the same plane; in the same direction; nearly circu…
terrestrial planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth Mars
9 terms
chapter 4 science the solar system
maria on the moons surface were formed…
what do the inner planets have in common
what is the smallest terrestrial planet
what are saturns rings made mostly of
lava flows
there all small and have rockey surfaces
mercury
ice and rock
maria on the moons surface were formed…
lava flows
what do the inner planets have in common
there all small and have rockey surfaces
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