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Study sets matching "chapter 42 objectives"

35 terms
Chapter 42 Objectives
Why would an animal need a circulatory…
How does a closed circulatory system d…
Arteries
Veins
Exchange gases... Absorb nutrients... Dispose wastes
Open: blood=hemolymph (interstitial fluid), less efficient, h…
carry blood away from the heart to organs
carry blood back to the heart
Why would an animal need a circulatory…
Exchange gases... Absorb nutrients... Dispose wastes
How does a closed circulatory system d…
Open: blood=hemolymph (interstitial fluid), less efficient, h…
53 terms
Bio II Chapter 42 Objectives
Function & Structure of Arteries
Function of Arterioles
Structure of Capillaries
Function of Venules
Branch into arterioles and carry blood away from the heart to…
Function to regulate the flow of blood into different tissues…
Only slightly wider than a red blood cell. They have thin wal…
Function to regulate the flow of blood into different tissues…
Function & Structure of Arteries
Branch into arterioles and carry blood away from the heart to…
Function of Arterioles
Function to regulate the flow of blood into different tissues…
25 terms
Chapter 42 Ecosystems Learning Objectives
What Are Ecosystems?
What Are Factors That Affect Primary P…
Classify Consumers In Ecosystem Based…
How Is The Flow Of Energy In An Ecosys…
Connect nonliving & living from Biomes
Rate at which producers capture & store energy... Varies by ecos…
Herbivores (Plants)... Carnivores (Animal Flesh)... Parasites (Tiss…
Energy In Ecosystems: Sun - Producers - Consumed
What Are Ecosystems?
Connect nonliving & living from Biomes
What Are Factors That Affect Primary P…
Rate at which producers capture & store energy... Varies by ecos…
13 terms
Chapter 42 Objectives
- Circadian rhythm = 24hr day-night cy…
- Major sleep center = hypothalamus... -…
Stage 1: NREM... • Few minutes.... • Lightes…
- NREM Stage 4: Body releases human gr…
Explain the effect that the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle has on b…
Discuss mechanisms that regulate sleep.
Describe the stages of a normal sleep cycle.
Explain the functions of sleep.
- Circadian rhythm = 24hr day-night cy…
Explain the effect that the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle has on b…
- Major sleep center = hypothalamus... -…
Discuss mechanisms that regulate sleep.
41 terms
CHAPTER 42 Objectives AP Bio
Define gas exchange and distinguish be…
Describe respiratory adaptations of aq…
Describe the advantages and disadvanta…
Describe countercurrent exchange in fi…
GAS EXCHANGE: the intake of Oxygen and the expulsion of Carbo…
Have the ability to move to constantly have water (respirator…
Advantages ... - simplist mode of respiration is through diffus…
COUNTERCURRENT EXCHANGE: blood flows opposite direction in wh…
Define gas exchange and distinguish be…
GAS EXCHANGE: the intake of Oxygen and the expulsion of Carbo…
Describe respiratory adaptations of aq…
Have the ability to move to constantly have water (respirator…
49 terms
Biology 110: Chapter 42 Objectives
Directly connected to the brain, prima…
Networks of cells forming a nerve cent…
A well-defined mass of gray matter wit…
a group of neuronal cell bodies locate…
Cranial nerves
Ganglia
Ganglia
Ganglion
Directly connected to the brain, prima…
Cranial nerves
Networks of cells forming a nerve cent…
Ganglia
37 terms
Chapter 42
Ambulatory surgery
Outpatient surgery
Categories of surgery
Elective surgery
Patient is able to walk in and walk out on the same day
Generally limited to procedure requiring less than 60 minutes…
Elective, emergency, optional, outpatient, and urgent
Medically necessary but performed with patient wishes
Ambulatory surgery
Patient is able to walk in and walk out on the same day
Outpatient surgery
Generally limited to procedure requiring less than 60 minutes…
21 terms
Chapter 42 - Animal development
oxytocin
zygote
morula
blastula
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name…
when egg nucleus and sperm nucleus unite they form this... under…
the first stage. enters the uterus and is a solid mass. Day 3
Day 5. Implants in the uterine lining. Outer layer is placent…
oxytocin
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name…
zygote
when egg nucleus and sperm nucleus unite they form this... under…
18 terms
Chapter 42 Static & Current electricity
Electrons
Extra electrons
Positive charge
Negative charge
Remove electrons from an object and the object is positive
Add extra electrons to an object and the object is negative.
more protons than electrons.
more electrons than protons.
Electrons
Remove electrons from an object and the object is positive
Extra electrons
Add extra electrons to an object and the object is negative.
77 terms
SBC-Chapter 42-Dialect
ابتعدنا كليةً عن
أبوا يجيبوا
اتجاوبوا
الأثر المتعلِّق بالعقوبات
we totally distances ourselves
they refuse to bring
they responded or interacted with
impact related to or a result of sanctions
ابتعدنا كليةً عن
we totally distances ourselves
أبوا يجيبوا
they refuse to bring
23 terms
Chapter 42
antiseptics
asepsis
aseptic technique
autoclave
solutions that destroy microoranisms or inhibit their growth…
the practice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
governs how the facility is cleaned, how equipment and instru…
a piece of equipment in the form of a sealed chamber in which…
antiseptics
solutions that destroy microoranisms or inhibit their growth…
asepsis
the practice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
22 terms
Chapter 42
active euthanasia
actual loss
advance directive
allow natural death (AND) order
someone other than the patient commits an action with the int…
loss that can be recognized by others as well as by the perso…
written directive that allows people to state in advance what…
an order that no attempts are to be made to resuscitate a pat…
active euthanasia
someone other than the patient commits an action with the int…
actual loss
loss that can be recognized by others as well as by the perso…
36 terms
Chapter 42
Nerve net
Radial symmetry
Bilateral symmetry
Peripheral nervous system
Inter connected neurons no central control organ the most pri…
Like a jelly fish one nerve ring around the mouth. Like a sta…
Symmetrical if cut down the middle, increased number of nerve…
Somatic and autonomic divisions. Autonomic has sympathetic an…
Nerve net
Inter connected neurons no central control organ the most pri…
Radial symmetry
Like a jelly fish one nerve ring around the mouth. Like a sta…
66 terms
Chapter 42
access and evaluate research to identify
evidence-based practice
evidence-based practice's bottom line
to start the process of evidence-based…
The effectiveness of interventions,... • The accuracy of evaluat…
the conscientious, explicit, and... judicious use of current bes…
objective evidence that an intervention can improve a client'…
develop a clear, specific, answerable question
access and evaluate research to identify
The effectiveness of interventions,... • The accuracy of evaluat…
evidence-based practice
the conscientious, explicit, and... judicious use of current bes…
34 terms
Chapter 42
behavior
ethology
proximate causes
ultimate causse
the observable response of organisms to external or internal…
scientific study of animal behavior that focused on the speci…
an event which is closest to, or immediately responsible for…
which is usually thought of as the "real" reason something oc…
behavior
the observable response of organisms to external or internal…
ethology
scientific study of animal behavior that focused on the speci…
19 terms
Chapter 42
Sanitation
Cleaning
Disinfecting
Sterilizing
process of keeping an area neat and clean
Physically removing all visible signs of dirt and organic mat…
Destroying most microorganisms on nonliving things
Destroying all microorganisms and viruses on an object
Sanitation
process of keeping an area neat and clean
Cleaning
Physically removing all visible signs of dirt and organic mat…
13 terms
Chapter 42 -
behavior
behavioral ecology
Ethology
proximate causes
observable response of organisms to internal or external stim…
studies how behavior contributes to the differential survival…
focuses on specific genetic and physiological mechanisms of b…
change in day length
behavior
observable response of organisms to internal or external stim…
behavioral ecology
studies how behavior contributes to the differential survival…
74 terms
chapter 42
coma pt or decreased LOC is of unknown…
manifestations of brain tumor in Front…
Manifestations of brain tumor in Parie…
Manifestations of brain tumor in Tempo…
blood glucose is measured immediately... when blood glucose fall…
inappropriate behavior... recent memory loss... personality changes…
sensory deficits; parasthesia, loss of two point discriminati…
pscyhomotor seizures
coma pt or decreased LOC is of unknown…
blood glucose is measured immediately... when blood glucose fall…
manifestations of brain tumor in Front…
inappropriate behavior... recent memory loss... personality changes…
23 terms
chapter 42
antiseptics
asepsis
aseptic technique
autoclave
solutions that destroy microoranisms or inhibittheir growtrh…
the pratcice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
governs how the facility is cleaned, how equipment and intrum…
a piece of equipment in the form of a sealed chamber in which…
antiseptics
solutions that destroy microoranisms or inhibittheir growtrh…
asepsis
the pratcice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
31 terms
Chapter 42
loss
actual loss
perceived loss
maturational loss
occurs when a valued person, object or situation is changed a…
can be recognized by others as well as by the person sustaini…
loss of youth, financial independence, and a valued environme…
experienced as a result of natural developmental processes. e…
loss
occurs when a valued person, object or situation is changed a…
actual loss
can be recognized by others as well as by the person sustaini…
24 terms
Chapter 42
Four categories of real property
What is a fixture?
What are the three "manifestations of…
Explain the decision in the Freeman vs…
(1) Land... (2) Buildings... (3) Plant life (trees, crops)... (4) Fixt…
an object is a fixture if a reasonable person would consider…
1 - Attachment... 2 - Adaption... 3 - Other manifestations of perma…
Mary Ann Barrs paid 3.5 mil for 4,000 acres of ranch land
Four categories of real property
(1) Land... (2) Buildings... (3) Plant life (trees, crops)... (4) Fixt…
What is a fixture?
an object is a fixture if a reasonable person would consider…
81 terms
Chapter 42: Upper GI Problems
Nausea & Vomiting
Nausea
Vomiting
Etiology & Pathophys: N/V
most common manifestations of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases…
feeling of discomfort in the epigastrium with a conscious des…
forceful ejection of partially digested food and secretions (…
occur in a wide variety of GI disorders, as well as in condit…
Nausea & Vomiting
most common manifestations of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases…
Nausea
feeling of discomfort in the epigastrium with a conscious des…
37 terms
Chapter 42
Ambulatory surgery
Outpatient surgery
Categories of surgery
Elective surgery
Patient is able to walk in and walk out on the same day
Generally limited to procedure requiring less than 60 minutes…
Elective, emergency, optional, outpatient, and urgent
Medically necessary but performed with patient wishes
Ambulatory surgery
Patient is able to walk in and walk out on the same day
Outpatient surgery
Generally limited to procedure requiring less than 60 minutes…
20 terms
Chapter 42
To determine the effects of trade-offs…
The reciprocal design of the male cric…
In considering the results from the ex…
Which of the following statements is a…
If male crickets are forced to increase their reproductive in…
Males with stimulated immune responses produce spermatophores…
Males with typical immune and reproductive functions
The optimal temperature at which a goldfish can swim at maxim…
To determine the effects of trade-offs…
If male crickets are forced to increase their reproductive in…
The reciprocal design of the male cric…
Males with stimulated immune responses produce spermatophores…
10 terms
Chapter 42 & 43 vocab
Arcus senilis
Cataracts
Macular degeneration
Presbycusis
A benign grayish haze of the outermost part of the cornea
A clouding of the lens in the eye that limits vision
A disease that destroys sharp, central vision
Atrophic changes to the muscles that support the tympanic mem…
Arcus senilis
A benign grayish haze of the outermost part of the cornea
Cataracts
A clouding of the lens in the eye that limits vision
24 terms
Chapter 42 surgery sanitation
Sanitation
Cleaning
Disinfecting
Sterilizing
The process of keeping an area clean and neat
The process of physically removing all visible signs of dirt…
The process of destroying most micro organisms on nonliving t…
Destroying all micro organisms and viruses on an object using…
Sanitation
The process of keeping an area clean and neat
Cleaning
The process of physically removing all visible signs of dirt…
23 terms
Chapter 42 IDs
Human Genome Project
Family Leave Bill
"electronic baby sitter"
third rail
Recorded human DNA sequence. Medical improvements and bioengi…
Fathers can get time off work after having a baby like how wo…
TV used as a baby sitter/way to entertain kids as many single…
Social Security problem that wasn't touched due to the large…
Human Genome Project
Recorded human DNA sequence. Medical improvements and bioengi…
Family Leave Bill
Fathers can get time off work after having a baby like how wo…
11 terms
NUR 110 Chapter 42
anticipatory loss
uniform definition of death act
depression
perceived loss
loss has not taken place (patient with life-threatening illne…
an individual who has sustained either ... 1- irreversible cessa…
period of grief before death
felt by person but intangible to others (loss of youth, finan…
anticipatory loss
loss has not taken place (patient with life-threatening illne…
uniform definition of death act
an individual who has sustained either ... 1- irreversible cessa…
53 terms
Chapter 42- death
actual loss
perceived loss
physical loss
maturational loss
Can be recognized by others as well as the person experiencin…
is felt by person but intangible to others... Experienced by per…
actual loss of a body part
experienced as a result of natural developmental process
actual loss
Can be recognized by others as well as the person experiencin…
perceived loss
is felt by person but intangible to others... Experienced by per…
16 terms
Chapter 42 Key Terms
Antiseptics
Asepsis
Aseptic technique
Isolation ward
Solutions that destroy microorganisms or inhibit their growth…
The practice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
Governs how the facility is cleaned, how equipment and instru…
Separate housing that groups similar patients, making it safe…
Antiseptics
Solutions that destroy microorganisms or inhibit their growth…
Asepsis
The practice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
55 terms
BL Chapter 42
Condominium Ownership
Case regarding personal experience
Cooperative Ownership
In-class case: property that had green…
People who live in condominiums actually own the area that th…
Client that rented out condos. ... -Client receives a letter inf…
When you purchase into a cooperative, you do not receive a de…
-Greenhouses were sitting on concrete slabs and greenhouses w…
Condominium Ownership
People who live in condominiums actually own the area that th…
Case regarding personal experience
Client that rented out condos. ... -Client receives a letter inf…
21 terms
CMA Chapter 42
Pediatrics is a specialty of medicine…
Apgar scoring system
A score that is considered the best po…
A score of 4 is requires
Care for children from birth until essentially adulthood
Which is am indication of the newborn's well-being This score…
10
Immediate intervention and continued evaluation
Pediatrics is a specialty of medicine…
Care for children from birth until essentially adulthood
Apgar scoring system
Which is am indication of the newborn's well-being This score…
53 terms
Med Surg Chapter 42
Absence seizure (petit mal seizure)
Apraxia
Arteriovenous (AV) malformation
Aura
A type of generalized seizure characterized by a sudden brief…
The inability to carry out a motor pattern (such as drawing a…
A congenital intracranial lesion, formed by a tangled collect…
Sensation preceding generalized seizure activity; may be a va…
Absence seizure (petit mal seizure)
A type of generalized seizure characterized by a sudden brief…
Apraxia
The inability to carry out a motor pattern (such as drawing a…
61 terms
Chapter 42: Amphibians
Amphibian
Characteristics of an early amphibian
Ichthyostega
The amphibians split into which two ma…
Double life
Skull, vertebrae column, similar structure and shape of libs…
7 toes, 4 strong limbs ... Most well known early amphibian
Amphibians and reptiles
Amphibian
Double life
Characteristics of an early amphibian
Skull, vertebrae column, similar structure and shape of libs…
9 terms
Chapter 42: Movement and Gravity
Lever
Moment and force depend on 2 things
Equation for movement
Everyday examples of levers
Rigid body which is free to turn about a fixed point called t…
The size of force... The distance
Movement = Force×distance
Scissors,wheel barrow , door
Lever
Rigid body which is free to turn about a fixed point called t…
Moment and force depend on 2 things
The size of force... The distance
19 terms
Chapter 42 pediatric
Pediatric
Apgar
Score below 4
When do the infant visit the pediatric…
Cares for children from birth until adulthood
Scoring system which indicates the newborns well being
Requires immediate intervention or evaluation
One to two weeks of age
Pediatric
Cares for children from birth until adulthood
Apgar
Scoring system which indicates the newborns well being
72 terms
Chapter 42- Animal Behavior
behavior
behavioral ecology
ethology
proximate causes
the observable response of organisms to external stimuli
the study of how behavior contributes to the differential sur…
specific genetic and physiological mechanisms of behavior
immediate causes for example the change in day length
behavior
the observable response of organisms to external stimuli
behavioral ecology
the study of how behavior contributes to the differential sur…
106 terms
chapter 42 - eye disorders
emmetropia
Myopia
hyperopia
people who are hyperopic see
normal vision
near sightedness
farsightedness
objects that are far away better than objects that are close
emmetropia
normal vision
Myopia
near sightedness
23 terms
Chapter 42 Vocabulary Words
Antiseptics
Asepsis
Aseptic Technique
Autoclave
Solutions that destroy microorganisms or inhibit their growth…
the practice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
Governs how the facility is cleaned, how equipment and instru…
A piece of equipment in the form of a sealed chamber in which…
Antiseptics
Solutions that destroy microorganisms or inhibit their growth…
Asepsis
the practice of keeping a sterile environment and keeping the…
56 terms
Clinical 2 Chapter 42
Biopsy
Ambulatory Surgery
Outpatient
Emergency
The microscopic examination of tissue to detect cancerous cells
Surgery performed on a person who is admitted and discharged…
Generally limited to procedures requiring less than 30 minute…
Required immediately to save a life or prevent further injury…
Biopsy
The microscopic examination of tissue to detect cancerous cells
Ambulatory Surgery
Surgery performed on a person who is admitted and discharged…
29 terms
Chapter 42 Loss, Grief, and Dying
Loss
Actual Loss
Perceived Loss
Physical Loss
-When a valued person, object, or situation is changed or bec…
-Recognized by others as well as by the person sustaining the…
-Experienced by the person but is intangible to others... Examp…
-A person who loses an arm in an automobile crash
Loss
-When a valued person, object, or situation is changed or bec…
Actual Loss
-Recognized by others as well as by the person sustaining the…
132 terms
Bio 2 Chapter 42
What is the definition of behavior?
What does behavioral ecology study?
What does ethology focus on?
What are the causes of ethology?
observable response of organisms to internal or external sti…
how behavior contributes to the differential survival and rep…
specific genetic and physiological mechanisms of behavior
1) proximate causes... 2) ultimate causes
What is the definition of behavior?
observable response of organisms to internal or external sti…
What does behavioral ecology study?
how behavior contributes to the differential survival and rep…
40 terms
JRTI Med/Surg Chapter 42
Near-sightedness
Far-sightedness
Normal vision
Associated with aging and difficulty w…
Myopia
Hyperopia
Emmetropia
Presbyopia
Near-sightedness
Myopia
Far-sightedness
Hyperopia
46 terms
Chapter 42 Loss, Grief and Dying
active euthanasia:
actual loss:
advance directive:
allow natural death (AND) order:
someone other than the patient commits an action with the int…
loss that can be recognized by others as well as by the perso…
written directive that allows people to state in advance what…
an order that no attempts are to be made to resuscitate a pat…
active euthanasia:
someone other than the patient commits an action with the int…
actual loss:
loss that can be recognized by others as well as by the perso…
24 terms
Med Surg Chapter 42 Vocabulary
astigmatism
cataract
corneal transplantation
corneal trephine
visual distortion caused by an irregularly shaped cornea
disorder in which the lens of the eye becomes opaque
replacement of abnormal corneal tissue with healthy donated c…
surgical procedure in which a small hole is produced at the j…
astigmatism
visual distortion caused by an irregularly shaped cornea
cataract
disorder in which the lens of the eye becomes opaque
8 terms
CHAPTER 42 Acute and Chronic Gastritis
Gastritis
Subjective Data
Objective Data
Laboratory Tests
is an inflammation in the lining of the stomach.●● Chronic ga…
Dyspepsia, general abdominal discomfort, indigestion... ◯◯ Upper…
Physical Assessment Findings... ■■ Vomiting... ■■ Weight loss... ■■ St…
CBC to check for anemia... Serum and stool antibody/antigen test…
Gastritis
is an inflammation in the lining of the stomach.●● Chronic ga…
Subjective Data
Dyspepsia, general abdominal discomfort, indigestion... ◯◯ Upper…
Chapter 42 Study guide
Which of the following statements accu…
Researchers conducted experiments to e…
Which of the following is a descriptio…
What type of tissue attaches to bones…
The temperature differential between warm and cold blood is s…
As the fish increases in size, the gills account for an incre…
A turtle basking in the sun on a log. ... The turtle is receivin…
skeletal muscle
Which of the following statements accu…
The temperature differential between warm and cold blood is s…
Researchers conducted experiments to e…
As the fish increases in size, the gills account for an incre…
22 terms
Chapter 42 loss, grief and dying
Active euthanasia
Actual loss
Advance directive
Allow natural death (AND) order
Someone other than the patient commits an action with the int…
Chapter 42 Lost that can be recognized by others as well as b…
Written directive that allows people to state in advance with…
In order that no attempts are to be made to resuscitate a per…
Active euthanasia
Someone other than the patient commits an action with the int…
Actual loss
Chapter 42 Lost that can be recognized by others as well as b…
56 terms
Management of patients with musculoskeletal disorders chapter 42
bursitis
contracture
involucrum
osteopenia
inflammation of a fluid-filled sac in a joint.
abnormal shortening of muscle or fibrosis of joint structures.
new bone growth around a sequestrum.
low bone mineral density.
bursitis
inflammation of a fluid-filled sac in a joint.
contracture
abnormal shortening of muscle or fibrosis of joint structures.
60 terms
Chapter 42 CVA
When caring for a pt with a neurologic…
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or stro…
What is a CVA?
What are the causes of ischemia leadin…
Have patience, have an understanding of the disease process,…
Brain attack
Sudden loss of brain function accompanied by neurological def…
Thrombus, embolus, severe vasospasm, or cerebral hemorrhage.
When caring for a pt with a neurologic…
Have patience, have an understanding of the disease process,…
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or stro…
Brain attack
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