Study sets matching "chapter 6 computer fluency"

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Study sets matching "chapter 6 computer fluency"

251 terms
Computer fluency final (chapter 6-12)
case
Mother board
what does a computer chip contain
processor
contains and protects the electronics of the computer or mobi…
is the main circuit board of the computer
integrated circuits
also called central processing unit (cpu)... Interprets and car…
case
contains and protects the electronics of the computer or mobi…
Mother board
is the main circuit board of the computer
99 terms
Computer Fluency Chapters 1-6
digital literacy
storage media
storage device
web server
involves having a current knowledge and understanding of comp…
a computer keeps data, instructions, and info here
record (writes) and retrieves (reads) items to and from stora…
a computer that delivers requested webpages to your computer
digital literacy
involves having a current knowledge and understanding of comp…
storage media
a computer keeps data, instructions, and info here
FLUENCY Chapter 6 Terms
Theory
Hypothesis
Hemispheric Dominance
Inverse Internal Models of Speech Prod…
explanation of some phenomenom; might explain why some people…
A specific and testable proposition derived from a theroy
the phenomenon that one hemisphere of the brain takes the lea…
A concept about how your brain functions when you learn to ta…
Theory
explanation of some phenomenom; might explain why some people…
Hypothesis
A specific and testable proposition derived from a theroy
13 terms
Chapter 6 (2) Fluency
Fluent reader
Characteristics of Fluent Readers Auto…
Characteristics of Fluent Readers Spee…
Characteristics of Fluent Readers Writ…
Comprehend what they are reading better than less fluent read…
Children spell most high-frequency words correctly.
Children write quickly and legibly. They develop keyboarding…
Children make their writing distinctive.
Fluent reader
Comprehend what they are reading better than less fluent read…
Characteristics of Fluent Readers Auto…
Children spell most high-frequency words correctly.
17 terms
Fluency Chapter 6 Terms
Theory
Hypothesis
Hemispheric Dominance
Inverse Internal Models of Speech Prod…
explanation of some phenomenom; might explain why some people…
A specific and testable proposition derived from a theroy
the phenomenon that one hemisphere of the brain takes the lea…
A concept about how your brain functions when you learn to ta…
Theory
explanation of some phenomenom; might explain why some people…
Hypothesis
A specific and testable proposition derived from a theroy
11 terms
Fluency Chapter 6
Orton and Travis (1931)
Geschwind and Galaburda (1985)
Webster (1983)
Van Riper (1982)
-stuttering as a disorder of brain organization ... -lack of hem…
-stuttering as a disorder of brain organization ... -left hemisp…
-stuttering as a disorder of brain organization ... -left hemisp…
-stuttering as a disorder of timing... -disruption of timing of…
Orton and Travis (1931)
-stuttering as a disorder of brain organization ... -lack of hem…
Geschwind and Galaburda (1985)
-stuttering as a disorder of brain organization ... -left hemisp…
Chapter 6: Fluency
BASED ON CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS
Fluent speech is these 4 things.
3 main forms of fluency disorders
Stuttering may be defined as these 4 t…
BASED ON CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS
-flowing... -smooth... -relatively rapid... -relatively effortless
stuttering... cluttering... neurogenic stuttering
-dysfluencies greater than 5% of words spoken... -part-word repe…
BASED ON CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS
BASED ON CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS
Fluent speech is these 4 things.
-flowing... -smooth... -relatively rapid... -relatively effortless
Chapter 6: Fluency
automaticity
prosody
3 components of fluency
NAEP oral reading scale
ability to read words without conscious effort
ability to read with inflection
automaticity, prosody, accuracy
gives an overall rating of a child's oral reading
automaticity
ability to read words without conscious effort
prosody
ability to read with inflection
Fluency Chapter 6
Phychological Theories
Psychoemotional
Psychobehavioral
Psycholinguistic
Psychoemotional ... Psychobehavioral... Psycholinguistic
Emotional trauma or personality conflict
A learned behavior reinforced by environmental variables
A breakdown in the process for generating language
Phychological Theories
Psychoemotional ... Psychobehavioral... Psycholinguistic
Psychoemotional
Emotional trauma or personality conflict
Chapter 6: Fluency
Fluent reading should...
Automaticity
Prosody
Multidimensional Scale
involve accurate and automatic word recognition, with appropr…
ability to read words without conscious effort
read with some sort of inflection
scale used to help students increase self-awareness of specif…
Fluent reading should...
involve accurate and automatic word recognition, with appropr…
Automaticity
ability to read words without conscious effort
50 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency
Definition and description of fluency
Characteristics of dysfluent speech
Definition in terms of NONSPEECH behav…
Definition in terms of unspecified beh…
Produced with relative ease... Flowing... Smooth... Continuous... Relativ…
Contrast with those of stuttering... Stuttered speech is produce…
-Stuttering is defined as an anticipatory apprehensive and hy…
-stuttering is defined as a moment; the moment of stuttering…
Definition and description of fluency
Produced with relative ease... Flowing... Smooth... Continuous... Relativ…
Characteristics of dysfluent speech
Contrast with those of stuttering... Stuttered speech is produce…
56 terms
Chapter 6 - Fluency & Stuttering
stuttering
diagnosis for stuttering
Down syndrome and stuttering
societies that place a higher emphasis…
an anticipatory, apprehensive, hypertonic avoidance reaction
must have part-word repetitions and speech sound prolongations
3x more likely to stutter/clutter
native americans
stuttering
an anticipatory, apprehensive, hypertonic avoidance reaction
diagnosis for stuttering
must have part-word repetitions and speech sound prolongations
Chapter 6 PRAXIS Fluency
Johnson's View of Stuttering
Sheehan View of Stuttering
Bloodstein View of Stuttering
Van Riper View of Stuttering
Anticipatory, apprehensive avoidance reaction... Child learns to…
Approach avoidance conflict... Social role conflict
Response of tension and fragmentation in speech... Child believe…
Forward flow of speech is interrupted and speakers reactions…
Johnson's View of Stuttering
Anticipatory, apprehensive avoidance reaction... Child learns to…
Sheehan View of Stuttering
Approach avoidance conflict... Social role conflict
24 terms
Praxis Chapter 6 (Fluency)
What is incidence?
What is prevalence?
Give an example of:... - Whole-word repet…
List 5 motor behaviors often associate…
Incidence is the rate of occurrence in a specific group of pe…
Prevalence is counting the # of individuals that currently ha…
Whole-word repetition = "Could-could-could not do it... Phrase I…
1. Excessive muscle effort... 2. Various facial grimaces... 3. Vari…
What is incidence?
Incidence is the rate of occurrence in a specific group of pe…
What is prevalence?
Prevalence is counting the # of individuals that currently ha…
Chapter 6: Fluency and Its Disorders
Stuttered speech
Fluent speech
Definition of stuttering
2 views of stuttering
all types of dysfluencies that exceed a measure such as 5% of…
produced with relative ease, flowing, smooth, continuous, rel…
-an anticipatory, apprehensive, and hypertonie avoidance reac…
stuttering moment and an event
Stuttered speech
all types of dysfluencies that exceed a measure such as 5% of…
Fluent speech
produced with relative ease, flowing, smooth, continuous, rel…
98 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and its Disorders
Fluency Disorders
3 types of dysfluencies:
Fluent speech takes more effort than s…
According to SLP's, stuttering is refe…
speech disorders characterized by a variety of dysfluencies t…
- stuttering... - cluttering... - neurogenic stuttering
False. Stuttered speech is more effortful than fluent speech.
fluency and rhythm
Fluency Disorders
speech disorders characterized by a variety of dysfluencies t…
3 types of dysfluencies:
- stuttering... - cluttering... - neurogenic stuttering
Chapter 6 - Fluency and Its Disorders
Fluency disorders are speech disorders…
Fluent speech is (3)
T or F - The loci of stuttering, or lo…
Stuttering frequently varies when cert…
Typical flow of speech
Smooth, relatively easy, and flowing
True
Adjacency
Fluency disorders are speech disorders…
Typical flow of speech
Fluent speech is (3)
Smooth, relatively easy, and flowing
15 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and Its Disorders
Johnson and Associates (1959) definiti…
Sheehan (1970) definition of stuttering
Broken words
Incidence
Diagnosis of stuttering not made based on dysfluencies. Based…
the primary problem is social role conflict. A person who stu…
Silent intervals within words also known as intralexical paus…
rate of occurrence in a specified group of people, predictive…
Johnson and Associates (1959) definiti…
Diagnosis of stuttering not made based on dysfluencies. Based…
Sheehan (1970) definition of stuttering
the primary problem is social role conflict. A person who stu…
43 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and its Disorders
Fluent Speech is:
Incidence
Prevalence
Concordance
-produced with relative ease... - flowing... -smooth... -continuous... -r…
-the rate of occurrence of a disorder or disease in a specifi…
- the number of people who have a disorder or disease at a gi…
Occurrence of same clinical condition or trait in both member…
Fluent Speech is:
-produced with relative ease... - flowing... -smooth... -continuous... -r…
Incidence
-the rate of occurrence of a disorder or disease in a specifi…
244 terms
CGS Computer fluency exam 1 , chapter 1-6
Digital literacy
A work of technology
Computers
what 3 things does a computer do
involves having a current knowledge and understanding of comp…
Technology changes you must keep up with it to remain digital…
is an electronic device, operating under the control of instr…
accepts data (input)... Processing... produces information(output)
Digital literacy
involves having a current knowledge and understanding of comp…
A work of technology
Technology changes you must keep up with it to remain digital…
150 terms
Praxis Chapter 6: Fluency and its Disorders
What did Sheehan posit?
Describe the prevalence of stuttering.
What types of words are more likely af…
Describe adaptation in terms of stutte…
that stuttering indicates a social role conflict
- familial incidence is higher than in the general population…
function words
progressive decrease upon repeated oral reading of a passage,…
What did Sheehan posit?
that stuttering indicates a social role conflict
Describe the prevalence of stuttering.
- familial incidence is higher than in the general population…
77 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and its Disorders
How is stuttering described?
What did Sheehan (1970) describe stutt…
A "stuttering moment" can also be desc…
What are considered "normal" forms of…
as a disorder of "rhythm"
a social role conflict
"an event"
word repetitions, interjections and pauses
How is stuttering described?
as a disorder of "rhythm"
What did Sheehan (1970) describe stutt…
a social role conflict
77 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and its Disorders
How is stuttering described?
What did Sheehan (1970) describe stutt…
A "stuttering moment" can also be desc…
What are considered "normal" forms of…
as a disorder of "rhythm"
a social role conflict
"an event"
word repetitions, interjections and pauses
How is stuttering described?
as a disorder of "rhythm"
What did Sheehan (1970) describe stutt…
a social role conflict
29 terms
Chapter 6 - Fluency and its Disorders
what is the definition of stuttering i…
what is the definition of stuttering i…
what is the definition of stuttering l…
what is the definition of stuttering b…
1) anticipatory, apprehensive, & hypertonic avoidance reactio…
an expert's judgment that stuttering has occurred as a moment…
e.g., part-word repetitions, speech-sound prolongations, inte…
neurotic reaction... -such psychological reactions as anxiety, f…
what is the definition of stuttering i…
1) anticipatory, apprehensive, & hypertonic avoidance reactio…
what is the definition of stuttering i…
an expert's judgment that stuttering has occurred as a moment…
135 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and its disorders
What is the most researched fluency di…
What are 3 other examples of fluency d…
Name 7 characteristics associated with…
Broadly speaking, stuttering is descri…
Stuttering
Cluttering, Neurogenic stuttering, and psychogenic stuttering
1. Produced with relative ease... 2. Flowing... 3. Smooth... 4. Contin…
1. Fluency... 2. Rhythm
What is the most researched fluency di…
Stuttering
What are 3 other examples of fluency d…
Cluttering, Neurogenic stuttering, and psychogenic stuttering
Fluency and its disorders: chapter 6
Stuttering is defined as...
repetitions
part-word repetitions
whole-word repetitions
anticipatory, apprehensive, and hypertonic avoidance reaction
saying the same element of speech more than once
sound or syllable repetitions
repetition of an entire word more than once. wored repeated m…
Stuttering is defined as...
anticipatory, apprehensive, and hypertonic avoidance reaction
repetitions
saying the same element of speech more than once
9 terms
Fluency exam 1 chapter 6
Johnson's diagnosogenic theory states…
The Demands-Capacities Model explains…
In the Two-Factor theory of stuttering…
In general, research on personality ch…
the diagnosis causes the problem, stuttering occurs when a sp…
stutter events arise when various demands exceed the speakers…
classical conditioning
a few suggest that greater tendencies for obsession, compulsi…
Johnson's diagnosogenic theory states…
the diagnosis causes the problem, stuttering occurs when a sp…
The Demands-Capacities Model explains…
stutter events arise when various demands exceed the speakers…
Computer Security Chapter 6
authority revocation list (ARL)
CA certificate
certificate
certificate authority (CA)
separate revocation list is maintained for CA keys that have…
can be self signed, or given with an hierarical model (furthe…
third party credential documents used to vouch for the trustw…
a trusted authority that certifies individuals' identities an…
authority revocation list (ARL)
separate revocation list is maintained for CA keys that have…
CA certificate
can be self signed, or given with an hierarical model (furthe…
17 terms
Chapter 6 - Fluency - Reading Response - Linnett
3 Components of Fluency
Accuracy
Automaticity
Prosody
Accuracy, Automaticity, Prosody
Informal Reading Inv.
Using the rate of reading
Harder to determine; NAEP Rubric can give a broad indication…
3 Components of Fluency
Accuracy, Automaticity, Prosody
Accuracy
Informal Reading Inv.
46 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency & Stuttering - Overview & Theories
List 4 characteristics of fluent speech.
True/False: The loci of stuttering, or…
According to _______, stuttering is es…
According to _______, the primary prob…
-produced w/ ease... -flowing, smooth... -relatively rapid... -free fr…
False
Johnson
Sheehan
List 4 characteristics of fluent speech.
-produced w/ ease... -flowing, smooth... -relatively rapid... -free fr…
True/False: The loci of stuttering, or…
False
144 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and It's Disorders
Fluent
Dysfluent or stuttered
Onset
Secondary
_______ speech is smooth, relatively easy, and flowing.
________ or ________ speech is halting and interrupted and is…
Stuttering _______ can be more or less gradual but typically…
Stuttering is associated with various types of abnormal motor…
Fluent
_______ speech is smooth, relatively easy, and flowing.
Dysfluent or stuttered
________ or ________ speech is halting and interrupted and is…
50 terms
Reading for Speed and Fluency 2, Chapter 6 - People
producer
cartoon
produce
character
(n.) a person who looks and manages a movie, play, radio or p…
(n.) a drawing that tells a story
(v.) to make
(n.) a person in a book or movie
producer
(n.) a person who looks and manages a movie, play, radio or p…
cartoon
(n.) a drawing that tells a story
64 terms
praxis - chapter 6: fluency & its disorders
characteristics of fluent speech
definition of stuttering in terms of n…
definition of stuttering in terms of u…
definition of stuttering in terms of c…
produced with relative ease... flowing... smooth... continuous... relativ…
1) anticipatory, apprehensive, and hypertonic avoidance react…
refer to stuttering in global terms... "an expert's judgement"... s…
some classic definitions limit to part-word repetitions and s…
characteristics of fluent speech
produced with relative ease... flowing... smooth... continuous... relativ…
definition of stuttering in terms of n…
1) anticipatory, apprehensive, and hypertonic avoidance react…
20 terms
Computer Basics Chapter 6
AdWords
Boolean
Data
Documentalists
Google's advertising program
A type of logic consisting of two states, true or false.
The most basic type of information.
An early information profession in the 1950s devoted to using…
AdWords
Google's advertising program
Boolean
A type of logic consisting of two states, true or false.
53 terms
Fluency: Chapter 5 & 6
Stuttering
Genetics and Brain imaging
Normal disfluencies
True Developmental Stuttering
abnormal disruptions in fluency that include sound repetition…
evidence stuttering comes from a combination of constitutiona…
typically occur on whole words, phrases, or sentences
changes in duration, rate, rhythm, with frequencies from soun…
Stuttering
abnormal disruptions in fluency that include sound repetition…
Genetics and Brain imaging
evidence stuttering comes from a combination of constitutiona…
Computer Networking Chapter 6
TCP/IP
DoD model
DoD model: Process/Application layer
DoD model: Host-to-Host layer
Replaced the Network Control Protocol (NCP) and was authorize…
Condensed version of the OSI model:... - Process/Application lay…
A vast array of protocols operate at the DoD model's Process/…
The Host-to-Host layer parallels the functions of the OSI's T…
TCP/IP
Replaced the Network Control Protocol (NCP) and was authorize…
DoD model
Condensed version of the OSI model:... - Process/Application lay…
35 terms
computer chapter 6
output
output device
display device
digital billboard
data that has been processed into a useful form
any type of hardware component that conveys information to on…
output device that visually conveys text, graphics, and video…
display advertisements that often change every six seconds an…
output
data that has been processed into a useful form
output device
any type of hardware component that conveys information to on…
27 terms
Computer Concepts- Chapter 6
Internet backbone
Network service providers
Internet service provider (ISP)
Modem
A network of high-capacity routers and fiber-optic communicat…
Backbone links and routers are maintained by network service…
A company that offers Internet access to individuals, busines…
Contains circuitry that coverts the data- carrying signals fr…
Internet backbone
A network of high-capacity routers and fiber-optic communicat…
Network service providers
Backbone links and routers are maintained by network service…
Chapter 6 - Computer Vocab
Word Processing Application
Click and Type
Wordwrap
AutoCorrect
Software used to create documents containing mostly text
Feature in Word in which you can double-tap or double-click a…
Feature in word processing applications in which text is auto…
Software feature that automatically corrects commonly misspel…
Word Processing Application
Software used to create documents containing mostly text
Click and Type
Feature in Word in which you can double-tap or double-click a…
Computer Science Chapter 6
Operating System
User interface
language services (assemblers, compile…
memory managers
communicates with users... determines what they want... activates o…
provides user with an intuitive visual overview
allow you to write programs in a high level, user oriented la…
allocate memory space for programs and data
Operating System
communicates with users... determines what they want... activates o…
User interface
provides user with an intuitive visual overview
14 terms
Chapter 6: Fluency and its Disorders (PRAXIS)
The position that stuttering indicates…
Research on the prevalence of stutteri…
Stuttering in preschool children is mo…
the fact or facts about stuttering ada…
Sheehan
familial incidence is higher than in the general population.…
function words
most of the reduction in stuttering occurs by the fifth reading
The position that stuttering indicates…
Sheehan
Research on the prevalence of stutteri…
familial incidence is higher than in the general population.…
10 terms
Computer Science Chapter 6
Debugging
Troubleshoot
Workaround
Print Queue
The act of discovering why a system does not work properly
In computing, determining why something does not work due to…
The process of achieving a goal by avoiding buggy or failing…
An operating system's list of in-process or waiting printing…
Debugging
The act of discovering why a system does not work properly
Troubleshoot
In computing, determining why something does not work due to…
14 terms
computer vocabulary chapter 6
absolute cell reference
amortization
arguments
descending
A cell reference that does not change when copied because of…
A method for computing equal periodic payments for an install…
the data required by a function
in order from highest to lowest
absolute cell reference
A cell reference that does not change when copied because of…
amortization
A method for computing equal periodic payments for an install…
Computer Concepts Chapter 6
Absolute Cell Reference
Alphabetical order
Amortization
Amortization table
A cell reference that does not change when copied because a d…
Ascending order.
A method for computing equal periodic payments for an install…
Displays the interest and principal amounts for each payment…
Absolute Cell Reference
A cell reference that does not change when copied because a d…
Alphabetical order
Ascending order.
38 terms
Computer II -- WORD Chapter 6
Accessibility
Accessibility Checker
Active listening
Alternative text (alt text)
The ability to make documents easier for people with disabili…
A feature in Word that checks for and displays issues in a do…
Paying attention to a message, hearing it, and interpreting i…
Text that appears when you move the mouse pointer over a pict…
Accessibility
The ability to make documents easier for people with disabili…
Accessibility Checker
A feature in Word that checks for and displays issues in a do…
44 terms
Praxis study chapter 6- fluency disorders
incomplete sentences
example of imcomplete sentence
revisions
example of revisions
often described as incomplete phrases, these are grammaticall…
"Last summer I was....last summer...we went to Paris this time"
changes in wording that do not change the overall meaning of…
"let me have coffee, maybe tea"
incomplete sentences
often described as incomplete phrases, these are grammaticall…
example of imcomplete sentence
"Last summer I was....last summer...we went to Paris this time"
34 terms
Praxis Chapter 6 (Fluency and its Disorders)
Characteristics of flyent speech
Characteristics of non fluent speech
Generally speech that contains what pe…
What is incidence
Produced with relative ease... Flowing... Smooth... Continuous... Relativ…
Produced with greater than normal effort... Halting and does not…
5% (whole word repetitions and schwa interjections)... Others ca…
Rate of occurrence in a specified group of people... Longitudina…
Characteristics of flyent speech
Produced with relative ease... Flowing... Smooth... Continuous... Relativ…
Characteristics of non fluent speech
Produced with greater than normal effort... Halting and does not…
126 terms
CGS 2060 Computer Fluency chapters 7-9
input
Keyboard
Most desktop computers have a
different types of keyboards
Any data and instructions entered into the memory of a computer
an input device that contains keys users press to enter data…
typing area, function keys, toggle key, directional keys, med…
built-in laptop keyboards, clip-on tablet keyboard, and on-sc…
input
Any data and instructions entered into the memory of a computer
Keyboard
an input device that contains keys users press to enter data…
27 terms
Computer concepts- Chapter 6
Internet backbone
Network service providers
Internet service provider (ISP)
Modem
A network of high-capacity routers and fiber-optic communicat…
Backbone links and routers are maintained by network service…
A company that offers Internet access to individuals, busines…
Contains circuitry that coverts the data- carrying signals fr…
Internet backbone
A network of high-capacity routers and fiber-optic communicat…
Network service providers
Backbone links and routers are maintained by network service…
22 terms
Chapter 6 The Little Man Computer
Little Man computer (LMC)
op code
mnemonics
pseudocode
created by Dr. Stuart Madnick at MIT in 1965, modified in 197…
operation code. The numbers are assigned by the computer desi…
abbreviations for instructions.
fake code
Little Man computer (LMC)
created by Dr. Stuart Madnick at MIT in 1965, modified in 197…
op code
operation code. The numbers are assigned by the computer desi…
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