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Study sets matching "chapter 6 endocrine system"

8 terms
Chapter 6 Endocrine System
endocrine system
glands
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
The body system consisting of a group of specialized glands t…
Organs that remove and release certain elements from the bloo…
Also known as the ductless glands; glands such as the thyroid…
Also known as the duct glands; they produce a substance that…
endocrine system
The body system consisting of a group of specialized glands t…
glands
Organs that remove and release certain elements from the bloo…
41 terms
Chapter 6: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormone
Receptor
Endocrine Gland
- coordinates body function through synthesis and release of…
- chemicals secreted into the blood by specialized cells... - th…
- special sites located on every target tissue ... - only commun…
- secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood r…
Endocrine System
- coordinates body function through synthesis and release of…
Hormone
- chemicals secreted into the blood by specialized cells... - th…
Chapter 6 endocrine system
Endocrine system
Glands
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Is a group of specialized glands that affect :growth, develop…
Secretory organs that remove and release certain elements fro…
Also known as ductless, release hormonal secretions directly…
Duct glands, produce substance that travels thru small tube l…
Endocrine system
Is a group of specialized glands that affect :growth, develop…
Glands
Secretory organs that remove and release certain elements fro…
37 terms
Chapter 6 Endocrine system
Primary endocrine organs
Secondary endocrine organs
hypothalamus
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones... -…
Organs that secrete hormones secondary to some other function…
secretes several hormones targeted to the pituitary gland
derived from epithelial tissue ( adenohypophysis ) ... secretes…
Primary endocrine organs
Organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones... -…
Secondary endocrine organs
Organs that secrete hormones secondary to some other function…
15 terms
Chapter 6; endocrine system
Endocrine system
Glands
Endocrine glands
Ductless glands
Is a group of specialized glands that affect the growth devel…
Are secretory organs that remove and release certain elements…
Also known as ductless glands such as the thyroid and pituita…
any glands of the endocrine system that secretes hormones dir…
Endocrine system
Is a group of specialized glands that affect the growth devel…
Glands
Are secretory organs that remove and release certain elements…
10 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 6
Describe the physiologic processes of…
List the traditional endocrine glands
Connect the endocrine system to the ne…
Define endocrine tissues and give exam…
Using chemicals called hormones to maintain homeostasis. Cont…
Pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thymus, pineal gland, testes,…
Hypothalamus is considered part of the nervous system, produc…
Numerous cells and tissues throughout the brain, gut and card…
Describe the physiologic processes of…
Using chemicals called hormones to maintain homeostasis. Cont…
List the traditional endocrine glands
Pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thymus, pineal gland, testes,…
37 terms
Chapter 6 - Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Primary Endocrine Organs
Secondary Endocrine Organs
Pineal Gland
system involving regulation of body functions through use sec…
1. pineal gland... 2. Hypothalamus... 3. Pituitary gland... 4. Thyroid…
1. Heart... 2. Stomach... 3. Liver... 4. Kidney... 5. Small intestine... 6.…
- located in dienchephalon... - makes melatonin at night, helps…
Endocrine System
system involving regulation of body functions through use sec…
Primary Endocrine Organs
1. pineal gland... 2. Hypothalamus... 3. Pituitary gland... 4. Thyroid…
75 terms
Chapter 6: Endocrine System
Endocrine System ... (2)
Endocrine Glands... function... (2)
Hormones
Exocrine Glands... (2)
-part of the regulatory system... -works with nervous system
-secrete chemical messengers (hormones)... -carried by blood to…
chemical messengers... *steroids, proteins, amines
-secretions released via ducts... -lie closer to their target or…
Endocrine System ... (2)
-part of the regulatory system... -works with nervous system
Endocrine Glands... function... (2)
-secrete chemical messengers (hormones)... -carried by blood to…
30 terms
chapter 6: endocrine system
GH
TSH
ACTH
Oxytocin
Pituitary... cell growth
Pituitary... stimulates thyroid to work
Pituitary... stimulates adrenal glands
hypothalamus... helps with birth
GH
Pituitary... cell growth
TSH
Pituitary... stimulates thyroid to work
11 terms
Chapter 6 endocrine system
Axis
Edocrine glands
Endorphins
Exocrine glands
Series of glands that signal each other in a sequence
Ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood…
Peptide hormones that mainly work like morphine to suppress p…
Glands that secreate hormones through ducts directly into spe…
Axis
Series of glands that signal each other in a sequence
Edocrine glands
Ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood…
11 terms
Chapter 6 Endocrine System
Axis
Endocrine glands
Endorphins
Exocrine glands
Series of glands that signal each other in a sequence.
Ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood…
Peptide hormones that mainly work like morphine to suppress p…
Glands that secrete hormones through ducts directly into spec…
Axis
Series of glands that signal each other in a sequence.
Endocrine glands
Ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood…
37 terms
Chapter 6 Endocrine system
Primary endocrine organs
Secondary endocrine organs
hypothalamus
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones... -…
Organs that secrete hormones secondary to some other function…
secretes several hormones targeted to the pituitary gland
derived from epithelial tissue ( adenohypophysis ) ... secretes…
Primary endocrine organs
Organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones... -…
Secondary endocrine organs
Organs that secrete hormones secondary to some other function…
79 terms
Endocrine system Chapter 6
primary endocrine organs
Hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid…
secondary endocrine organs
heart, liver, stomach, small intestine…
function is secretion of hormones
Examples of Primary Endocrine organs
secretion of hormones is secondary to some other function
Examples of Secondary Endocrine organs
primary endocrine organs
function is secretion of hormones
Hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid…
Examples of Primary Endocrine organs
15 terms
Chapter 6 The Endocrine System
prolactin releasing hormone (PRH)
prolactin
prolactin inhibiting hormone (PIH)
thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH)
stimulates the anterior pituitary to release prolactin (stimu…
stimulates mammary gland development and milk secretion in fe…
also called dopamine; inhibits the release of prolactin
stimulates the release of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) f…
prolactin releasing hormone (PRH)
stimulates the anterior pituitary to release prolactin (stimu…
prolactin
stimulates mammary gland development and milk secretion in fe…
83 terms
Chapter 6: Endocrine system
aden/o
crin/o
-crine
hormon/o
gland
secrete
secrete
hormones
aden/o
gland
crin/o
secrete
19 terms
Chapter 6: The Endocrine System
Primary Endocrine Organs
Secondary Endocrine Organs
Hypothalamus
Pituitary gland
primary function is secretion of hormones;... Pineal gland,... hypo…
secretion of hormones occurs secondary to some other function…
part of the brain with many functions in addition to its role…
pea-sized structure that is connected to the hypothalamus by…
Primary Endocrine Organs
primary function is secretion of hormones;... Pineal gland,... hypo…
Secondary Endocrine Organs
secretion of hormones occurs secondary to some other function…
70 terms
Chapter 6 - The Endocrine System
The Two Long distance communication sy…
Because they are delivered in the bloo…
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
Endocrinology and nervous
Slower; longer
Secrete hormones directly into ECF, derived from epithelial t…
Secrete hormones to outside of ECF
The Two Long distance communication sy…
Endocrinology and nervous
Because they are delivered in the bloo…
Slower; longer
60 terms
Chapter 6 : The endocrine system
The endocrine system functions to main…
The endocrine system consists of speci…
The chemical messengers that are relea…
Hormones function to
Homeostasis
Glands
Hormones
-Regulate metabolic processes ... -Control the rate of chemical…
The endocrine system functions to main…
Homeostasis
The endocrine system consists of speci…
Glands
36 terms
Chapter 6 - Endocrine System
The pituitary gland has two lobes (ant…
growth hormone is secreted in both ___…
Growth factor acts indirectly to promo…
Once IGF-1 is released in the circulat…
promotes growth and maintenance of the hormones;
children; active (invoke muscular growth)
insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1)
- in bones, it promotes the deposition of calcium deposits an…
The pituitary gland has two lobes (ant…
promotes growth and maintenance of the hormones;
growth hormone is secreted in both ___…
children; active (invoke muscular growth)
14 terms
Chapter 6 Endocrine System
Which part of the adrenal gland secret…
The islets of Langerhans __________.
What hormone, released by the posterio…
A releasing hormone is a type of tropi…
adrenal medulla
have more beta cells than alpha cells
oxytocin
True
Which part of the adrenal gland secret…
adrenal medulla
The islets of Langerhans __________.
have more beta cells than alpha cells
50 terms
Chapter 6 Endocrine System
What is the function of Endocrine Syst…
What organs compose the Endocrine Syst…
What are the chemical messengers relea…
What are the functions of hormones?
To maintain homeostasis in the body
Glands which release Chemical Substrates (Hormones)
Hormones which travel through circulatory system and target s…
Regulate chemical in circulatory system, cell growth and deve…
What is the function of Endocrine Syst…
To maintain homeostasis in the body
What organs compose the Endocrine Syst…
Glands which release Chemical Substrates (Hormones)
13 terms
Milady's Cosmetology Chapter 6- The Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Glands
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Secretory organs that remove and release certain elements fro…
Also known as ductless glands, such as the thyroid and pituit…
Also known as duct glands, such as sweat and oil glands of th…
Endocrine System
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Glands
Secretory organs that remove and release certain elements fro…
43 terms
Chapter 6: The Endocrine System
What is the function of the endocrine…
What does the endocrine system consist…
What is function of hormones?
What are the two major chemical compos…
Maintain homeostasis in the body; allow communication between…
Glands
Regulate metabolic processes, control the rate of chemical re…
Steroids: made from cholesterol... Amines, peptides, or proteins…
What is the function of the endocrine…
Maintain homeostasis in the body; allow communication between…
What does the endocrine system consist…
Glands
37 terms
Chapter 6: Endocrine System
What is another name for posterior pit…
What is another name for anterior pitu…
What structure collects hypothalamus t…
What hormones are secreted from poster…
Neurohypophysis
Adenohypophysis
Bundle of axons
Antidiuretic [ADH] and Oxytocin
What is another name for posterior pit…
Neurohypophysis
What is another name for anterior pitu…
Adenohypophysis
30 terms
HESM 478 - Chapter 6 (Endocrine System)
Define the endocrine system.
Define the hormones in the endocrine s…
Compare the endocrine and nervous syst…
Name the types of hormones.
All tissues or glands that secrete hormones.
Are secreted into the bloodstream and will act as chemical si…
It is generally a slower and longer lasting system than the n…
Steroid and non-steroid.
Define the endocrine system.
All tissues or glands that secrete hormones.
Define the hormones in the endocrine s…
Are secreted into the bloodstream and will act as chemical si…
15 terms
Chapter 6 - The Endocrine and Digestive Systems
Endocrine System
Glands
Endocrine glands (AKA: ductless glands)
Exocrine glands (AKA: duct glands)
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Secretory organs that remove and release certain elements fro…
Glands such as the thyroid and pituitary gland that release h…
Glands such as sweat and oil glands of the skin, produce a su…
Endocrine System
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Glands
Secretory organs that remove and release certain elements fro…
84 terms
Psychology Chapter 6 - The Nervous and Endocrine System
Nervous (System)
Nervous (system)
Neuron(s)
Neuron(s)
Electro-chemical communication system of the body
It is the job of the __________ to send information to and fr…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of a cell
A _________'s job is to send, process, and receive information
Nervous (System)
Electro-chemical communication system of the body
Nervous (system)
It is the job of the __________ to send information to and fr…
28 terms
Chapter 6:13 Endocrine System
hormones
pituitary gland
Acromegaly
Giantism
chemical messengers, secreted by endocrine glands
"master gland" located at the base of the brain behind the sp…
oversecretion of somatotropin or growth hormone in an adult;…
oversecretion of somatotropin or growth hormone before pubert…
hormones
chemical messengers, secreted by endocrine glands
pituitary gland
"master gland" located at the base of the brain behind the sp…
26 terms
chapter 6: the nervous & endocrine system.
nervous system
neuron
action potential
refractory period
electrochemical communication system of the body.... send messag…
a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system.…
when neuron fires the impulse. a brief electric am charge tha…
...
nervous system
electrochemical communication system of the body.... send messag…
neuron
a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system.…
58 terms
anatomy chapter 6 endocrine system
endocrine system
hormones
homeostasis
negative feedback system
-regulation of body activities by releasing hormones ... -made o…
-chemical messengers transported in blood from an endocrine g…
-equilibrium in body's internal environment ... -maintained by e…
-reverses a change in a controlled condition ... -when the outpu…
endocrine system
-regulation of body activities by releasing hormones ... -made o…
hormones
-chemical messengers transported in blood from an endocrine g…
15 terms
Physiology Chapter 6- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hypothalmus
Pituitary Gland
Neural connections between posterior p…
The long way of transporting messages in the body. made up of…
Primary endocrine organ that releases hormones that mainly ac…
connects to the hypothalmus via the infundibulum and is divid…
Neural tissue in the posterior pituitary has axons that origi…
Endocrine System
The long way of transporting messages in the body. made up of…
Hypothalmus
Primary endocrine organ that releases hormones that mainly ac…
31 terms
physci chapter 6 (endocrine system)
what is a hormone?
3 types of hormones
functions of hormones
hypothalamus
chemical or molecule secreted by an endocrine gland
steroid (made of cholesterol)... peptide ... amine (tyrosine)
chemical signal/message ... maintain homeostasis... allow communica…
located in brain directly above pituitary, regulates activiti…
what is a hormone?
chemical or molecule secreted by an endocrine gland
3 types of hormones
steroid (made of cholesterol)... peptide ... amine (tyrosine)
72 terms
Chapter 6: the nervous and endocrine system
Nervous system
Nervous system
Nervous system
Nervous system
Impacts emotion, movement, and behavior
The electrochemical communication system of the body
Sends messages from the brain to the body movement, your face…
Brings information to the brain from the senses so that your…
Nervous system
Impacts emotion, movement, and behavior
Nervous system
The electrochemical communication system of the body
28 terms
Chapter 6:13 Endocrine System
hormones
pituitary gland
Acromegaly
Giantism
chemical messengers, secreted by endocrine glands
"master gland" located at the base of the brain behind the sp…
oversecretion of somatotropin or growth hormone in an adult;…
oversecretion of somatotropin or growth hormone before pubert…
hormones
chemical messengers, secreted by endocrine glands
pituitary gland
"master gland" located at the base of the brain behind the sp…
54 terms
Chapter 6/21. Endocrine system
What are the two levels of homeostatic…
Tropic hormones stimulates what?
Hormone
Effector
Systemic homeostasis... Local homeostasis
-Secretion of another hormone... -growth of its target gland
-Chemical substance secreted into blood... -Exert effects at ver…
Any cell with a specific receptor for that hormone
What are the two levels of homeostatic…
Systemic homeostasis... Local homeostasis
Tropic hormones stimulates what?
-Secretion of another hormone... -growth of its target gland
69 terms
Lesson 3 Chapter 6 Endocrine System
What is caused by hyposecretion of ins…
Permissiveness
Additive hormones
Synergistic hormones
increase in blood glucose levels, excretion of glucose in uri…
One hormone's presence is needed for another hormone to work
Net effect equals the sum of the individual effects
Net effect is GREATER than the sum of the individual effects
What is caused by hyposecretion of ins…
increase in blood glucose levels, excretion of glucose in uri…
Permissiveness
One hormone's presence is needed for another hormone to work
11 terms
Ch 6 - Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Insulin
Epinephrine
Pancreas
System of glands that produce chemicals called hormones that…
A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
A hormone produced by the body. As a medication, it dilates r…
Regulates blood sugar levels. Secretes Insulin.
Endocrine System
System of glands that produce chemicals called hormones that…
Insulin
A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication b…
25 terms
Chapter 6 Endocrine System Exam Study Questions
Primary endocrine organs
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Pineal gland
organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones
> primary endocrine gland because it secretes several hormone…
> primary endocrine gland connected to the hypothalamus at th…
> primary endocrine gland located... in the brain; secretes the…
Primary endocrine organs
organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones
Hypothalamus
> primary endocrine gland because it secretes several hormone…
11 terms
Physci 5 Chapter 6: Endocrine System
Structure of Hormone: a chemical or mo…
There are 3 types of hormone: ________…
Hormones act as a chemical signal alte…
Hormones maintain ________________
Endocrine Gland
Steroid, cholesterol, peptide, amine
physiology/behavior
homeostasis
Structure of Hormone: a chemical or mo…
Endocrine Gland
There are 3 types of hormone: ________…
Steroid, cholesterol, peptide, amine
13 terms
AHP106: Chapter 6 Endocrine System
thyroid
pancreatic cells
parathyroid gland
pancreas
which endocrin gland secretes T3, T4, and calcitonin?
what cells in the pancreas secretes glucagon?
what gland secretes parathyroid
which one of the four endocrine system glands also works as a…
thyroid
which endocrin gland secretes T3, T4, and calcitonin?
pancreatic cells
what cells in the pancreas secretes glucagon?
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 6/ Brain Parts/ Endocrine System
Central Nervous System
Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the…
enclosed in the spine and connects nearly all parts of the bo…
nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord
specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell
Central Nervous System
complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the…
Spinal Cord
enclosed in the spine and connects nearly all parts of the bo…
46 terms
Chapter 6: The Endocrine System: Endocrine Glands and Hormone Actions
2 types of endocrine organs
primary endocrine organs
secondary endocrine organs
hypothalamus
primary & secondary
organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones
organs whose secretion of hormones is secondary to another fu…
a region at the base of the brain that regulates autonomic fu…
2 types of endocrine organs
primary & secondary
primary endocrine organs
organs whose primary function is the secretion of hormones
48 terms
Chapter 6 - Endocrine System (Dr Droual, MJC)
Hormones
Primary Endocrine Organs... Secondary End…
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)... Oxytocin
Infundibulum
chemical messengers used for long distance communication betw…
Two Kinds of Endocrine Organs
Neurons of the hypothalamus synthesize and secrete two hormon…
a thin stalk of tissue at the end of the posterior pituitary…
Hormones
chemical messengers used for long distance communication betw…
Primary Endocrine Organs... Secondary End…
Two Kinds of Endocrine Organs
8 terms
Psychology Chapter 6 Notes- The Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
Endocrine System
Hormones
Thyroid Gland
The center of control of the endocrine system, using hormones…
A chemical communication system, using hormones, by which mes…
Chemical substances that carry messages through the body in b…
Produces the hormone thyroxine.
Pituitary Gland
The center of control of the endocrine system, using hormones…
Endocrine System
A chemical communication system, using hormones, by which mes…
17 terms
PS 5 Chapter 6: Endocrine System
hormones
pituitary gland
growth hormone
thyroid gland
-chemical messengers that act on specific parts of the body... -…
-releases 9 hormones... -protected in skull... -anterior lobe and p…
-promotes growth and maintenance of organs... -secretion increas…
-located below larynx
hormones
-chemical messengers that act on specific parts of the body... -…
pituitary gland
-releases 9 hormones... -protected in skull... -anterior lobe and p…
82 terms
HPE: Chapter 6 Training Responses and Adaptations of the Endocrine System
Acute
Adrenal Cortex
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Amine Hormone
sharp or severe
produces steroid hormones which regulate carbohydrates and fa…
a polypeptide tropic hormone produced and secreted by the ant…
are derived from the amino acid tyrosine and are secreted fro…
Acute
sharp or severe
Adrenal Cortex
produces steroid hormones which regulate carbohydrates and fa…
A&P chapter 6 endocrine system
Ductless glands
Duct glands
Fast acting
Slower acting
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Is nervous system fast or slow acting?
Is endocrine system faster or slower acting?
Ductless glands
Endocrine glands
Duct glands
Exocrine glands
20 terms
Chapter 6: THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM (Hormones in Hypothalamus/ Pituitary)
Hypothalamus
Posterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary
Regulates hormone secretion in the pituitary gland
Made of Neural Tissue... neuro-hormones synthesized in Hypothala…
Made of Epithelial Tissue... Hormone secretion regulated by rele…
Antidiuretic Hormone Vasopressin (ADH)... Oxytocin
Hypothalamus
Regulates hormone secretion in the pituitary gland
Posterior Pituitary
Made of Neural Tissue... neuro-hormones synthesized in Hypothala…
79 terms
Physci 5 Chapter 6: The Endocrine System
The endocrine system functions to...
Communication of various organs
Functions of hormones
Composition of hormones
Maintain homeostasis in the body.
Glands release specific chemical messengers (hormones) that a…
Regulate metabolic processes, control the rate of chemical re…
Some hormones are steroids, made from cholesterol. Or they ca…
The endocrine system functions to...
Maintain homeostasis in the body.
Communication of various organs
Glands release specific chemical messengers (hormones) that a…
28 terms
A and P chapter 6 endocrine system
Hormone
functions of hormones
negative feedback loop
endocrine gland
chemical messenger controls activities of tissues and organs
cell respiratory, growth, reproduction, body fluid electrolyt…
hormones reaches a certain level, endocrine gland that secret…
has no ducts, releases directly into blood or lymphs
Hormone
chemical messenger controls activities of tissues and organs
functions of hormones
cell respiratory, growth, reproduction, body fluid electrolyt…
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