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Study sets matching "chapter 6 skeletal system"

108 terms
Chapter 6 skeletal system
hematopoiesis
long bones
orthopedist
orthopedics
blood cell formation
longer than they are wide with distinctively shaped heads
physician who specializes in orthopedics
medical specialty who deals with the prevention and correctio…
hematopoiesis
blood cell formation
long bones
longer than they are wide with distinctively shaped heads
36 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Skeletal System
What is the study of anatomy, structur…
How many bones make up the human body?
How much of the human bones are made u…
Forms the physical foundation of the body and is composed of…
Osteology
206
2/3
Skeletal System
Forms the physical foundation of the body and is composed of…
What is the study of anatomy, structur…
Osteology
41 terms
Chapter 6 skeletal system vocabulary
skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilages
Fibrocartilages
Consists primarily of water which makes it have a high abilit…
Most common cartilage / Composed of: abundant collagen fibers…
This cartilage contains more stretchy elastic fibers, able to…
cartilage that is highly compressible, has great tensile stre…
skeletal cartilage
Consists primarily of water which makes it have a high abilit…
Hyaline cartilage
Most common cartilage / Composed of: abundant collagen fibers…
98 terms
CHAPTER 6 SKELETAL SYSTEM
Acetabulum
Ankylosis
arthr
Arthralgia
cup shaped socket of the hipbone into which the thighbone fits
stiffening of a joint
joint
pain in a joint
Acetabulum
cup shaped socket of the hipbone into which the thighbone fits
Ankylosis
stiffening of a joint
116 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
skeletal system
long bones
short bones
flat bones
consists of 206 bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments; supp…
longer than they are wide (usually limbs)
cube shpaed
plate-like, with broad surfaces
skeletal system
consists of 206 bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments; supp…
long bones
longer than they are wide (usually limbs)
196 terms
Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
Functions of skeletal system
red bone marrow
What plays an important part in mainta…
What is blood calcium?
a. supports & gives shape to the body... b. protects internal or…
dense fibrous membrane made up of irregular connective tissue…
Bones
a vital substance that is required for normal nerve & muscle…
Functions of skeletal system
a. supports & gives shape to the body... b. protects internal or…
red bone marrow
dense fibrous membrane made up of irregular connective tissue…
42 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What is bone made up of?
Bone (osseous) tissue
Periosteum
1. Provides framework that supports body ... 2. Skull and verteb…
-Bone or Osseous tissue... -Cartilage... -Dense Fibrous C.T. ... -Epit…
osteon/Haversian system
dense fibrous irregular C.T. lining outside of the bone
What are the functions of the skeletal…
1. Provides framework that supports body ... 2. Skull and verteb…
What is bone made up of?
-Bone or Osseous tissue... -Cartilage... -Dense Fibrous C.T. ... -Epit…
146 terms
Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
What are the six functions of the skel…
Which function of the skeletal system…
What does the skeletal system store?
Which function is known as the formati…
-Support... -Storage... -Hematopoiesis... -Protection... -Leverage... -Detox…
Support
-Minerals (calcium, phosphorus)... -Fat cells (adipocytes; reser…
Hematopoiesis
What are the six functions of the skel…
-Support... -Storage... -Hematopoiesis... -Protection... -Leverage... -Detox…
Which function of the skeletal system…
Support
51 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
What are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Support
Protection
Movement
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage ... 5. Blood cel…
-bone is the major supporting tissue of the body... -well suited…
Bone is hard and it protects the organs it surrounds... Ex: sku…
Skeletal muscles attach to bones by tendons (strong bands of…
What are the 5 functions of the skelet…
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage ... 5. Blood cel…
Support
-bone is the major supporting tissue of the body... -well suited…
45 terms
Bones and Skeletal System-Chapter 6
3 Types of Cartilage
Where is hyaline cartilage found?
Where is elastic cartilage found?
Where is fibrocartilages found?
Hyaline cartilages, Elastic cartilages, Fibrocartilages
-ends of most bones at moveable joints (articular cartilages)…
-external ear... -epiglottis (flap to open larynx when we eat)
-padlike cart like menisci of the knee... -discs between vertebrae
3 Types of Cartilage
Hyaline cartilages, Elastic cartilages, Fibrocartilages
Where is hyaline cartilage found?
-ends of most bones at moveable joints (articular cartilages)…
149 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal system
What are the 7 functions of the skelet…
What does the skeleton support?
How does the skeletal system provide p…
How does the skeletal system assist in…
-support... -protection... -body movement... -storage and release of s…
It serves as the structural framework for the body by support…
It protects the most important internal organs from injury su…
Most skeletal muscles attach to bones so when they contact th…
What are the 7 functions of the skelet…
-support... -protection... -body movement... -storage and release of s…
What does the skeleton support?
It serves as the structural framework for the body by support…
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
5 functions of the Skeletal System
Bone or Osseous tissue
Long bones
Short bones
1. Support... -structural support of the entire body... -framework…
A supporting connective tissue, and it contains specialized c…
longer than wide... -examples: humorous, femur... Features... - Diaphy…
bones of roughly equal dimensions... - bones of wrist (carpals),…
5 functions of the Skeletal System
1. Support... -structural support of the entire body... -framework…
Bone or Osseous tissue
A supporting connective tissue, and it contains specialized c…
34 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
4 Functions of the Skeletal System
Parts of a Long Bone
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
1) Attachment sites for skeletal muscles.... 2) Movement- acts a…
1) Diaphysis... 2) Epiphysis... 3) Articular Cartilage... 4) Periosteu…
Shaft region of bone between epiphyses.
The expanded end region.
4 Functions of the Skeletal System
1) Attachment sites for skeletal muscles.... 2) Movement- acts a…
Parts of a Long Bone
1) Diaphysis... 2) Epiphysis... 3) Articular Cartilage... 4) Periosteu…
94 terms
Chapter 6 skeletal system
skeletal system
• Cartilage... • Bones... • Ligaments
1. Supports soft tissues (like in the…
hyaline (gristle) cartilage, fibro car…
• Composed of dynamic living... tissues.... • Interacts with all of…
what does the skeletal system include?
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
types of cartlage
skeletal system
• Composed of dynamic living... tissues.... • Interacts with all of…
• Cartilage... • Bones... • Ligaments
what does the skeletal system include?
112 terms
Skeletal system chapter 6
functions of skeletal system
support
protection
movement
support... protection... movement... storage... blood cell production
bone is hard and rigid, cartilage is flexible but strong
skull protects the brain... ribs, sternum, vertebrae protect org…
produced by muscles on bones via tendons. ... ligaments allow s…
functions of skeletal system
support... protection... movement... storage... blood cell production
support
bone is hard and rigid, cartilage is flexible but strong
54 terms
Skeletal System - Chapter 6
bone
skeletal system
long bone
short bone
composed of osseous tissue, cartilage, dense connective tissu…
an organ system; functions include support, protection, assis…
type of bone; greater in length than width; ex.) humerus
type of bone; length and width are equal; ex.) wrist bone
bone
composed of osseous tissue, cartilage, dense connective tissu…
skeletal system
an organ system; functions include support, protection, assis…
108 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal system
Skeletal cartilages
Perichondrium
types of skeletal cartilages
Function of bones; Support
Contains no blood vessels or nerves.
dense connective tissue membrane covering cartilage. Blood ve…
Hyaline cartilages, elastic cartilages, and fibrocartilages
For the body and soft organs
Skeletal cartilages
Contains no blood vessels or nerves.
Perichondrium
dense connective tissue membrane covering cartilage. Blood ve…
83 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Acetabulum
Ossification
Osteoblasts
Osteoblasts
Hip Joint
Conversion of the fibrous connective tissue&cartilage--> Bone
Immature Bone Cells
Those that actively produce the bony tissue that replaces car…
Acetabulum
Hip Joint
Ossification
Conversion of the fibrous connective tissue&cartilage--> Bone
43 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
long bones
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
Ex. femur and humer
Ex. carpals and tarsls
Ex. skull, scapula,
Ex. vertebrae, facial bones
long bones
Ex. femur and humer
short bones
Ex. carpals and tarsls
110 terms
Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
bones
articulations
support, protection, movement, storage…
calcitonin
living, primary organs of the skeletal system
another word for joints
functions of the Skeletal System
hormone produced by the thyroid gland that increases the mine…
bones
living, primary organs of the skeletal system
articulations
another word for joints
49 terms
Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
support, protection, movement, mineral…
parts of a long bone
diaphysis
epiphyses
six functions of the skeletal system
diaphysis, epiphyses, metaphyses, articular cartilage, perios…
bone shaft
the proximal and distal ends of the bone (so there are two on…
support, protection, movement, mineral…
six functions of the skeletal system
parts of a long bone
diaphysis, epiphyses, metaphyses, articular cartilage, perios…
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
5 functions of the skeletal system
2 divisions of the organized skeleton
Classification of bones
Long bones
Support, protection (organs), hematopoiesis, movement, minera…
Axial skeleton (head, neck, trunk) and appendicular (limbs)
Long, short, flat, irregular
Femur, humerus, tibia, etc.
5 functions of the skeletal system
Support, protection (organs), hematopoiesis, movement, minera…
2 divisions of the organized skeleton
Axial skeleton (head, neck, trunk) and appendicular (limbs)
53 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system
Mature bone cells
Cells that dissolve bone and release s…
Bone building cells used in the repair…
support the body, storage of calcium and lipids, hemopoeisis,…
osteocytes
osteoclasts
osteoblasts
Functions of the skeletal system
support the body, storage of calcium and lipids, hemopoeisis,…
Mature bone cells
osteocytes
99 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Functions
Support
Protection
Movement
-support... -protection... -movement... -storage... -blood cell production
-bone is hard and rigid... -cartilage is flexible yet strong... -li…
-protects vital organs and tissues
tendons attach muscles to bone for movement
Functions
-support... -protection... -movement... -storage... -blood cell production
Support
-bone is hard and rigid... -cartilage is flexible yet strong... -li…
99 terms
skeletal system chapter 6
skeletal system functions
cartilage functions
types of cartilage
types of growth for cartilage
a. Protection ... b. Support ... c. Movement... d. Hematopoiesis ... e. F…
a. Support for soft tissues... b. Gliding joints... c. Template for…
a. Hyaline Cartilage... b. Fibrocartilage... c. Elastic Cartilage
a. Interstitial-Inside cartilage object... b. Appositional-At ed…
skeletal system functions
a. Protection ... b. Support ... c. Movement... d. Hematopoiesis ... e. F…
cartilage functions
a. Support for soft tissues... b. Gliding joints... c. Template for…
79 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
synovial joints
skeleton's function
periosteum
epiphysis
created where two bones articulate to permit a variety of mot…
-support... -protects soft body parts... -produces blood cells... -sto…
dense white fibrous covering around bone
End of a long bone
synovial joints
created where two bones articulate to permit a variety of mot…
skeleton's function
-support... -protects soft body parts... -produces blood cells... -sto…
55 terms
Skeletal System: Chapter 6
skeletal system
osteocalcin
skeleton
compact bones
support the body and protect organs... leverage... store minerals a…
regulates bone formation... protects against obesity, glucose in…
206 bones
homogeneous... lamellar bone
skeletal system
support the body and protect organs... leverage... store minerals a…
osteocalcin
regulates bone formation... protects against obesity, glucose in…
23 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal system
functions of the skeletal system
support function
protection function
movement function
support, protection, movement, mineral storage, blood cell fo…
Framework that gives body shape.
Absorbs/deflects impact around vital organs... Ex) skull, verteb…
Skeletal muscles cause movement by pulling against bones. Thi…
functions of the skeletal system
support, protection, movement, mineral storage, blood cell fo…
support function
Framework that gives body shape.
10 terms
Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Haversian System
Osteocyte
Volkman's Canal
Osteon
The whole shabang
Same as the lacunae
Same as a Haversian system
Haversian System
The whole shabang
Osteocyte
Same as the lacunae
139 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal system
Skeletal system is the storage site of
Hemopoiesis
yellow bone marrow
Axial
Calcium and phosphorus
production of blood cells
fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long…
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Skeletal system is the storage site of
Calcium and phosphorus
Hemopoiesis
production of blood cells
51 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
What are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Support
Protection
Movement
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage ... 5. Blood cel…
-bone is the major supporting tissue of the body... -well suited…
Bone is hard and it protects the organs it surrounds... Ex: sku…
Skeletal muscles attach to bones by tendons (strong bands of…
What are the 5 functions of the skelet…
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage ... 5. Blood cel…
Support
-bone is the major supporting tissue of the body... -well suited…
51 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
What are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Support
Protection
Movement
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage ... 5. Blood cel…
-bone is the major supporting tissue of the body... -well suited…
Bone is hard and it protects the organs it surrounds... Ex: sku…
Skeletal muscles attach to bones by tendons (strong bands of…
What are the 5 functions of the skelet…
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage ... 5. Blood cel…
Support
-bone is the major supporting tissue of the body... -well suited…
83 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Skeletal System Functions
Components of the Skeletal System
Bones
Cartilages
1. Support... 2. Protect... 3. Movement... 4. Storage (calcium and oth…
1. Bones... 2. Cartilages... 3. Tendons... 4. Ligaments
Extracellular matrix is collagen and minerals (flexible and a…
-Reduce friction and model for bone formation... -Extracellular…
Skeletal System Functions
1. Support... 2. Protect... 3. Movement... 4. Storage (calcium and oth…
Components of the Skeletal System
1. Bones... 2. Cartilages... 3. Tendons... 4. Ligaments
52 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal system
Skeletal system functions
Short bones
Long bones
Sutural bones
1. support: the skeleton serves as a rigid supporting framewo…
Found in: wrist and ankle ... Appearance: small and boxy
Are: Upper and lower limbs; exception of ankles, wrists, and…
Small bones that form within the sutures of the skull and the…
Skeletal system functions
1. support: the skeleton serves as a rigid supporting framewo…
Short bones
Found in: wrist and ankle ... Appearance: small and boxy
24 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Cartilage
Bone
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Chondroblasts produce cartilage and become chondrocytes
composed of hard extracellular matrix.
protection and support... -it forms the diaphysis(middle) of lon…
lightweight and provides tissue support... -forms much of the ep…
Cartilage
Chondroblasts produce cartilage and become chondrocytes
Bone
composed of hard extracellular matrix.
114 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
functions of the skeleton
1st skeletal function
2nd skeletal function
3rd skeletal function
provides a framework, protects, contains red bone marrow, sto…
provides a framework that supports the body; the muscles that…
protects some internal organs from mechanical injury; the rib…
contains and protects the red bone marrow, the primary hemopo…
functions of the skeleton
provides a framework, protects, contains red bone marrow, sto…
1st skeletal function
provides a framework that supports the body; the muscles that…
77 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Long Bones
Short Bones
Where can you find short bones?
Sesamoid Bones
Longer than they are wide
Cube shaped bones
carpals and tarsals
bones found within tendons
Long Bones
Longer than they are wide
Short Bones
Cube shaped bones
58 terms
Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
Red bone marrow
Yellow bone marrow
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Produces red blood cells, white blood cells, & platelets (hem…
Consists mainly of adipose cells, which store triglycerides
Long, cylindrical, main portion of the bone
Proximal and distal ends of the bone... Site of growth
Red bone marrow
Produces red blood cells, white blood cells, & platelets (hem…
Yellow bone marrow
Consists mainly of adipose cells, which store triglycerides
48 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Classification of Bones-Dynamic/ alway…
Bone shapes
Long bones
Short bones
-206 named bones... -divides 2 grps... -Axial Skeleton (protect, s…
-long bones... -short bones... -flat bones... -irregular bones
-longer than wide... -shaft+2 ends... -can be tiny bones digits, me…
- cube-shaped bones in wrist/ ankles... -sesamoid bones (w/int t…
Classification of Bones-Dynamic/ alway…
-206 named bones... -divides 2 grps... -Axial Skeleton (protect, s…
Bone shapes
-long bones... -short bones... -flat bones... -irregular bones
32 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Ligaments
Tendons
Cartilage
Axial Skeleton
fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
Connect muscle to bone
Smooth tissue that covers the end of bones at mobile joints
-skull... -spinal column... -rib cage
Ligaments
fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
Tendons
Connect muscle to bone
48 terms
CHAPTER 6: SKELETAL SYSTEM
bone CT is arranged in two ways:
Joints
functional classifications
structure classifications
compact bone (cylindrical osteons) and spongy bone (mesh of t…
articulations, areas where skeleton is bound together. keep i…
synarthrosis (immovable joint)... amphiarthrosis ( slightly move…
fibrous , cartilaginous, synovial
bone CT is arranged in two ways:
compact bone (cylindrical osteons) and spongy bone (mesh of t…
Joints
articulations, areas where skeleton is bound together. keep i…
99 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system
Components of the skeletal system
Fibrocartilage location
Elastic cartilage location
support, protection, movement, storage, and blood cell reprod…
bone, hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage, t…
intervertebral disks, pubic symphysis, meniscus of the knee
external ear, eustacian tube, and epiglottis
Functions of the skeletal system
support, protection, movement, storage, and blood cell reprod…
Components of the skeletal system
bone, hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage, t…
47 terms
Skeletal System- Chapter 6
fissure
foramen
fossa
sulcas
narrow slit between 2 bones
round hole
shallow depression
shallow elongate groove
fissure
narrow slit between 2 bones
foramen
round hole
77 terms
Chapter 6. Skeletal System
bones, cartilages, connective
Skeletal System
Skeletal System
bones, cartilages, ligaments, connective
Functions of Skeletal System: ... The Skeletal System includes _…
General Functions Include: ... (1) Support... (2) Protection... (3) Le…
The _________ ____________ includes bones, cartilages, ligame…
The Skeletal System includes _____, ________, __________ and…
bones, cartilages, connective
Functions of Skeletal System: ... The Skeletal System includes _…
Skeletal System
General Functions Include: ... (1) Support... (2) Protection... (3) Le…
125 terms
Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Support (framework & attachment site f…
Bones, ligaments, cartilage & membrane…
Connective
collagen, minerals, Ca, P, calcium pho…
What are the five functions of the skeletal system?
What structures are included in the skeletal system?
What kind of tissue is bone? (Muscle, Connective, Epithelial,…
The extracellular matrix of bone contains _________ and _____…
Support (framework & attachment site f…
What are the five functions of the skeletal system?
Bones, ligaments, cartilage & membrane…
What structures are included in the skeletal system?
78 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
# Of bones in an adult
What minerals are bones composed of?
Bones are connected/supported by_____,…
Skeletal Functions:
206
Calcium & Phosphorus
Ligaments, Joints, and Cartilige
Gives the body frame, protects soft body parts, produces bl c…
# Of bones in an adult
206
What minerals are bones composed of?
Calcium & Phosphorus
37 terms
CHAPTER 6: Skeletal System
BONE
CARTILAGE
TENDONS/LIGAMENTS
COLLAGEN
Rigidness provides support, stores calcium and lipids, produc…
firm, whitish, flexible connective tissue found in various fo…
Strong bands of fibrous connective tissue. Tendons attach mus…
tough, ropelike protein
BONE
Rigidness provides support, stores calcium and lipids, produc…
CARTILAGE
firm, whitish, flexible connective tissue found in various fo…
chapter 6 Skeletal System
functions of the skeletal system
connective tissue (4 types)
bone
tendons
support, protect, movement, storage, blood cell production
bone, cartilage, tendon, ligaments
compact and spongy (Cancellous)
connect muscle to bone
functions of the skeletal system
support, protect, movement, storage, blood cell production
connective tissue (4 types)
bone, cartilage, tendon, ligaments
76 terms
Chapter 6: Skeletal System
bone
bone consists of
functions of the skeletal system
supports (skeletal functions)
connective tissue with a matrix hardened by minerals
bone tissue, marrow blood, cartilage, periosteum
support, protect, movement, stores calcium, hemopoiesis
gives shape to the body
bone
connective tissue with a matrix hardened by minerals
bone consists of
bone tissue, marrow blood, cartilage, periosteum
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