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Study sets matching "chapter 6 vocabulary ap biology"

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Study sets matching "chapter 6 vocabulary ap biology"

56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
24 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 6-Cell
cell
Electron Microscope
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Electron Microscope
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 and 7 Vocabulary
organelles
cytology
cell fractionation
eukaryotic cell
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
study of cell structure
takes cells apart and separates major organelles
protists, fungi, animals, and plants. has a nucleus with the…
organelles
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
cytology
study of cell structure
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cell diagram
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
cell diagram
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
45 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 6
Golgi apparatus
Lysosomes
Tay-Sachs disease
Phagocytosis
Accepts vesicles from er and further modifies the protein
A single membrane sac that contains hydrolytic enzymes
Brain cells get clogged with very large lipids due to lysosom…
Cells ingesting other cells
Golgi apparatus
Accepts vesicles from er and further modifies the protein
Lysosomes
A single membrane sac that contains hydrolytic enzymes
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
Which type of microscope would allow the viewer to see riboso…
An electron microscope used to study the fine details of cell…
Organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
Electron Microscope
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
Metabolism
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
pathways can be coupled
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
- release energy... - break down molecules into smaller molecule…
- consumes energy... - builds up bigger molecules from smaller o…
- cell can use energy released from a catabolic pathway to dr…
Metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
Catabolic Pathways
- release energy... - break down molecules into smaller molecule…
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down c…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complex m…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cell fractionation
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
cell fractionation
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
28 terms
Pre-ap Biology Chapter 6 and 7 Vocabulary
autotrophs
heterotrophs
wavelength
pigment
Organism that makes its own food using energy from the enviro…
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds assembled…
Distance between the crests of two successive waves.
An organic molecule that can absorb light of certain waveleng…
autotrophs
Organism that makes its own food using energy from the enviro…
heterotrophs
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds assembled…
139 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6, 7, and 10
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
chlorophyll
conversion of light energy and water into chemical energy
organisms which sustain themselves without eating anything de…
organisms which obtain compounds produced by other organisms
the green pigment located within the chloroplasts, responsibl…
photosynthesis
conversion of light energy and water into chemical energy
autotrophs
organisms which sustain themselves without eating anything de…
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Light microscope
Organelles
Electron microscope
Scanning electron microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons through the spe…
a microscope in which an electron beam scans the surface of a…
Light microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
Organelles
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic
Anabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
91 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6/7
magnification
resolution
organelles
cytology
ratio of image size to actual size
measure of clarity of image
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
study of cell structure
magnification
ratio of image size to actual size
resolution
measure of clarity of image
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down c…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complex m…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
38 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
63 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
cell fractionation
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
50 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
nucleoid
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
a non-membrane-enclosed region of the cell where prokaryotic…
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
eukaryotic cell
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 enzymes only
Metabolism
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
- capacity to cause change... - can transform energy from 1 type…
- energy associated with movement of objects ... - e.g. moving w…
- energy associated with location or structure, being in a ce…
Metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
energy
- capacity to cause change... - can transform energy from 1 type…
27 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6: The Cell
Ribosomes, Cell membrane, cell wall, D…
nucleolus
the higher the SA:V ratio the higher t…
Microvilli; The microvilli increase th…
Name all the cell parts found within ALL prokaryotic cells.
located in the nucleus, makes, synthesizes, and partially ass…
What is the relationship between surface area and volume rati…
Which unique feature of this intestinal cell allows it to inc…
Ribosomes, Cell membrane, cell wall, D…
Name all the cell parts found within ALL prokaryotic cells.
nucleolus
located in the nucleus, makes, synthesizes, and partially ass…
52 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 6
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Capsule
Cytoplasm
forms the boundary of the cell; acts as a selective barrier a…
protective layer external to the cell membrane; consists of c…
a sticky layer that allows the bacteria to adhere to a surfac…
entire region between the nucleus and the cell membrane; orga…
Cell membrane
forms the boundary of the cell; acts as a selective barrier a…
Cell wall
protective layer external to the cell membrane; consists of c…
AP Biology Campbell Chapter 6
cytosol
cytoplasm
plasma membrane
nucleus
the semifluid part of the cytoplasm within which various part…
the entire region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
selective barrier that allows passage of oxygen, nutrients, a…
contains most of the genes and is typically the largest organ…
cytosol
the semifluid part of the cytoplasm within which various part…
cytoplasm
the entire region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
37 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
nucleoid region
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
a non-membrane-enclosed region of the cell where prokaryotic…
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
eukaryotic cell
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
Light Microscope(LM)
Electron Microscope(EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope(SEM
Transmission Electron Microscope(TEMS)
Visible light is passed through a specimen an then through gl…
Used to study sub cellular structures.
Focus bean on specimen providing image in third dimensional (…
Focus beam through specimen head.(TEM are used to study inter…
Light Microscope(LM)
Visible light is passed through a specimen an then through gl…
Electron Microscope(EM)
Used to study sub cellular structures.
54 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways (biosynthetic pathwa…
- The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. ... - Manage…
- In this pathway, a specific molecule is altered in a series…
- Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down com…
- Metabolic pathways that consume energy to build complicated…
Metabolism
- The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. ... - Manage…
Metabolic pathway
- In this pathway, a specific molecule is altered in a series…
52 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
taxonomy
taxonomists
kingdom plantae
kingdom fungi
looks for general laws for the arrangement of organisms (pg.…
those who specialize in taxonomy (pg. 100)
kingdom of plants (pg. 100)
kingdom of fungi (pg. 100)
taxonomy
looks for general laws for the arrangement of organisms (pg.…
taxonomists
those who specialize in taxonomy (pg. 100)
37 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
nucleoid region
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
a non-membrane-enclosed region of the cell where prokaryotic…
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
eukaryotic cell
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
95 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 6
light microscope (LM)
organelles
electron microscope (EM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
-visible light is passed through the specimen and then throug…
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or onto its…
-useful for detailed study of the topography of a specimen... -e…
light microscope (LM)
-visible light is passed through the specimen and then throug…
organelles
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
39 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
redox reaction
reduction
oxidation
cellular respiration
a chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
relative loss of electrons in a chemical reaction; either out…
the catabolic pathways by which electrons are removed from va…
redox reaction
a chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
reduction
gain of electrons by a chemical reactant; any reduction is ac…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Scanning electron microscope
Transmission electron microscope
Cell fractionation
Cytosol
Used for a detailed study of the surface of a specimen. Has g…
Used mainly to study the internal infrastructure of cells. In…
A process that takes cells apart and separates the major orga…
A semifluid substance within the plasma membrane of a cell.
Scanning electron microscope
Used for a detailed study of the surface of a specimen. Has g…
Transmission electron microscope
Used mainly to study the internal infrastructure of cells. In…
11 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary (The Cytoskeleton)
Flagellum
Centrosome
Cytoskeleton
Phagocytosis
locomotion organelle present in some animal cells; composed o…
region where the cell's microtubules are initiated; in an ani…
reinforces cell's shape, functions in cell movement; componen…
the process of engulfing smaller organisms or food particles
Flagellum
locomotion organelle present in some animal cells; composed o…
Centrosome
region where the cell's microtubules are initiated; in an ani…
63 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
light microscope
magnification
resolution
contrast
a microscope where light is passed through the specimen and t…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of an boject
accentuates different parts of a sample
light microscope
a microscope where light is passed through the specimen and t…
magnification
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Fermentation
Proton-Motive Force
ATP synthase
Electron transport
(1) speaking specifically about energy metabolism, the anaero…
(PMF) the force that promotes movement of protons across memb…
An integral membrane protein that couples the transport of pr…
The passage of electrons through a series of proteins with a…
Fermentation
(1) speaking specifically about energy metabolism, the anaero…
Proton-Motive Force
(PMF) the force that promotes movement of protons across memb…
32 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Metabolic Pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
86 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Light Microscopy
Organelles
Electron Microscopy
Transmission Electron Microscopy
An optical instrument with lenses that blend light to magnify…
The membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
A microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron Beam on o…
Is used to study the internal structure of thin sections of c…
Light Microscopy
An optical instrument with lenses that blend light to magnify…
Organelles
The membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
64 terms
Chapter 6 AP Biology Palange
cell
endomembrane system
glycoprotein
vesicles
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-collection of membranes inside and surrounding eukaryotic cell
-a protein with one or more covalently attached carbs
membranous sac in cytoplasm of eukaryotic cell
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
endomembrane system
-collection of membranes inside and surrounding eukaryotic cell
111 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
light microscope (LM)
magnification
resolution
contrast
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
ratio of an object's image size to its real size
measure of the clarity of the image; minimum distance two poi…
difference in brightness between the light and dark areas of…
light microscope (LM)
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
magnification
ratio of an object's image size to its real size
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6- Cell Energy
Activation Energy
Anaerobic Metabolism
ATP
Autotroph
The amount of energy (in joules) needed to convert all the mo…
or anaerobic energy expenditure, is a natural part of whole-b…
(1) Abbreviation for adenosine triphosphate, empirical formul…
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
Activation Energy
The amount of energy (in joules) needed to convert all the mo…
Anaerobic Metabolism
or anaerobic energy expenditure, is a natural part of whole-b…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
organelles
cell fractionation
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
cell fractionation
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Light microscope
Organelles
Electron microscope
Scanning electron microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons through the spe…
a microscope in which an electron beam scans the surface of a…
Light microscope
a microscope in which visible light passes through the specim…
Organelles
subcellular structures that are too small to be resolved by a…
23 terms
AP Biology chapter 6
Plasma membrane
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
functions as a selective barrier that allows the passage of o…
contains organelles
region between the nucleus and plasma membrane
complexes that synthesize proteins
Plasma membrane
functions as a selective barrier that allows the passage of o…
Cytosol
contains organelles
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Oxidation
Reduction
The energy of motion
Energy that is not being used but could be; energy in a poten…
Loss of an electron by an atom or molecule; in metabolism, of…
Gain of an electron by an atom or molecule
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion
Potential energy
Energy that is not being used but could be; energy in a poten…
69 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
actin
aminopeptidase
basal body
cell fractionation
a globular protein that links into chain, two of which twist…
catalyze the cleavage of amino acids from the amino terminus…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
actin
a globular protein that links into chain, two of which twist…
aminopeptidase
catalyze the cleavage of amino acids from the amino terminus…
45 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 6
cell fractionation
cytosol
nucleoid
chromatin
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell.
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
cell fractionation
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
cytosol
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various partic…
58 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Actin
Capsule
Central Vacuole
Centriole
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A sticky layer that surrounds the cell wall of some prokaryot…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
A structure in the centrosome of an animal cell composed of a…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Capsule
A sticky layer that surrounds the cell wall of some prokaryot…
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