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Study sets matching "chapter 6 vocabulary physical science"

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Study sets matching "chapter 6 vocabulary physical science"

15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
Solution
Suspension
Colloid
Solvent
a homogenous mixture that is wel mixed
a mixture where particles can be seen and separated easily by…
a heterogeneous mixture affect the path of light by scatterin…
the part of the solution that is present in a greater amount
Solution
a homogenous mixture that is wel mixed
Suspension
a mixture where particles can be seen and separated easily by…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Urban Heat Island Effect
Energy
James Prescott Joule
Potential Energy (PE)
Difference between the temperatures of urban areas and the ru…
The ability to do work; positive scalar quantity measured in…
Developed the science of thermodynamics through his discovery…
The energy of position or the energy of condition
Urban Heat Island Effect
Difference between the temperatures of urban areas and the ru…
Energy
The ability to do work; positive scalar quantity measured in…
25 terms
physical science chapter 6
balance
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
to keep the number of atoms the same on both side of the equa…
a statement that uses symbol, formulas, and number to stand f…
a chemical change in which elements are combined or rearranged
a number placed before a formula in a chemical equation
balance
to keep the number of atoms the same on both side of the equa…
chemical equation
a statement that uses symbol, formulas, and number to stand f…
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
periodic law
group
family
period
law that states that the physical and chemical properties of…
column of elements in the periodic table; family
column of elements in the periodic table; group
horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
periodic law
law that states that the physical and chemical properties of…
group
column of elements in the periodic table; family
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Temperature
Heat mover
Internal combustion engine
Heat engine
A measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
device that removes thermal energy from one location and tran…
an engine that burns fuel inside cylinders within the engine
A device that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy.
Temperature
A measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
Heat mover
device that removes thermal energy from one location and tran…
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
electron cloud -
energy level -
electron dot diagram -
chemical bond -
the space around the nucleus where the electrons travel.
the different areas for electrons in an atom.
the chemical symbol for an element surrounded by as many dots…
the force that holds two atoms together.
electron cloud -
the space around the nucleus where the electrons travel.
energy level -
the different areas for electrons in an atom.
Physical Science Chapter 6 Energy
joule
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
the SI unit for energy and work
the ability to do work; positive scalar quantity measured in…
the energy of a system due to its position or condition; a fo…
the energy of motion which depends only on the system's mass…
joule
the SI unit for energy and work
energy
the ability to do work; positive scalar quantity measured in…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
matter
chemistry
physical property
chemical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The study of matter and how matter changes
The characteristics of a substance that can be observed witho…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
Static Electricity
Law of conservation of charge
Electric field
Conductor
is the accumulation of excess electric charge on an object.
states that charge can be transferred from object to object,…
surrounds every electric charge and exerts the force that cau…
is a material through which electrons move easily.
Static Electricity
is the accumulation of excess electric charge on an object.
Law of conservation of charge
states that charge can be transferred from object to object,…
15 terms
Physical science chapter 6 vocabulary
chemical bond
chemical structure
bond length
bond angle
the force that holds two atoms together
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
chemical bond
the force that holds two atoms together
chemical structure
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
29 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 6
atom
molecule
protons
neutrons
the smallest unit of matter; smallest unit of an element
the smallest unit of a compound
positively charged particles that are found in the nucleus of…
particles in the nucleus of an atom that have no charge
atom
the smallest unit of matter; smallest unit of an element
molecule
the smallest unit of a compound
14 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary: Physical Science
Electron dot diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
is a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valance…
an atom that has net positive or negative electric charge
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
Electron dot diagram
is a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valance…
Ion
an atom that has net positive or negative electric charge
45 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Electron dot diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
is a diagram of an atom's symbol with dots around it. The dot…
is an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative…
is an ion with a negative charge
is an ion with a positive charge
Electron dot diagram
is a diagram of an atom's symbol with dots around it. The dot…
Ion
is an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative…
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Polyatomic ion
ionic bond
Chemical structure
Bond length
An ion made of two or more atoms
The attractive force between oppositely charged ions, which f…
The arrangement of atoms is a substance
The average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
Polyatomic ion
An ion made of two or more atoms
ionic bond
The attractive force between oppositely charged ions, which f…
19 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Reactant
Product
Chemical energy
Exothermic reaction
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
a substance that forms in a chemical reaction
the energy released when a chemical compound reacts to produc…
a chemical reaction in which heat is released to the surrondi…
Reactant
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
Product
a substance that forms in a chemical reaction
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
Static electricity
Law of conservation of energy
repel, attract
conductor
accumulation of excess of electric charge on an object
energy can't be created or destroyed, only transferred
forces do not need to be touching to exert a force on each ot…
materials which electrons move through easily
Static electricity
accumulation of excess of electric charge on an object
Law of conservation of energy
energy can't be created or destroyed, only transferred
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
matter
chemistry
physical property
chemical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The study of matter and how matter changes
The characteristics of a substance that can be observed witho…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
an atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge.
an ion with a negative charge.
an ion with a positive charge.
Electron Dot Diagram
a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
Ion
an atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge.
29 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
static electricity
proton
neutron
electron
net accumulation of electric charges on an object
positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom
negatively charged particle outside the nucleus of an atom
static electricity
net accumulation of electric charges on an object
proton
positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
force
friction
gravity
magnet
push or pull
force that resists the motion of surfaces that are touching
force that pulls objects together because of their mass
object that attracts certain metals, like iron
force
push or pull
friction
force that resists the motion of surfaces that are touching
17 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
Chemical Reaction
Mixture
Dissolve
Solute
a chemical change in which elements are combined or rearranged.
A combination of substances in which no reaction takes place
to break apart
the substance that is dissolved in a solution
Chemical Reaction
a chemical change in which elements are combined or rearranged.
Mixture
A combination of substances in which no reaction takes place
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
chemical bond
chemical formula
compound
covalent bonds
The bond that hold two atoms together
the combination of two or more elements
a bonding of elements by sharing electrons.
chemical bond
The bond that hold two atoms together
chemical formula
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
What is a precipitate?
What is a coefficient?
What is an endothermic reaction?
What are six examples of physical prop…
A solid that forms from a solution in a chemical reaction
Numbers in a chemical reaction used to balance the number of…
A chemical reaction in which energy is absorbed
Hardness, melting point, color, texture, shine, flexibility
What is a precipitate?
A solid that forms from a solution in a chemical reaction
What is a coefficient?
Numbers in a chemical reaction used to balance the number of…
14 terms
Chapter 6 Physical Science Vocabulary
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
An atom that has a net positive or negative charge
An ion that has a negative charge
An ion with a positive charge
Electron Dot Diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
Ion
An atom that has a net positive or negative charge
14 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary: Physical Science
Electron dot diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
is a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valance…
an atom that has net positive or negative electric charge
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
Electron dot diagram
is a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valance…
Ion
an atom that has net positive or negative electric charge
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
inelastic collision
elastic collision
first law of thermodynamics
conservation of energy
A collision between two objects in which the deformation is s…
a collision between two objects in which the momentums and ki…
law stating that energy and matter cannot be created or destr…
law stating that the total amount of energy entering the proc…
inelastic collision
A collision between two objects in which the deformation is s…
elastic collision
a collision between two objects in which the momentums and ki…
14 terms
Physical Science - chapter 6 vocabulary
electron dot
ion
anion
cation
model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence elect…
atom that has a net positive charge or negative electric charge
symbol for ion negative charge
ion with a positive charge
electron dot
model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence elect…
ion
atom that has a net positive charge or negative electric charge
33 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 (Trilogy)
static electricity
law of conservation of charge
electric field
conductor
the accumulation of excess charge on an object
states that charge can be passed on from one object to anothe…
a region surrounding every electric charge in which a force o…
material, such as a copper wire, through which electrons can…
static electricity
the accumulation of excess charge on an object
law of conservation of charge
states that charge can be passed on from one object to anothe…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
acceleration of falling objects
air resistance
terminal velocity
free fall
...
...
...
...
acceleration of falling objects
...
air resistance
...
18 terms
Physical Science Terms Chapter 6
Joule
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
SI unit for energy and work
the ability to do work
energy of a system due to position or condition
energy of motion
Joule
SI unit for energy and work
energy
the ability to do work
Physical Science Chapter 6
matter
chemistry
physical property
chemical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The study of matter and how matter changes
The characteristics of a substance that can be observed witho…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes
20 terms
Chapter 6 Physical Science
Temperature
Thermal Energy
Heat
Specific Heat
Related to the average kinetic energy of an object's atoms or…
The sum of kinetic and potential energy of all the atoms in a…
Thermal energy that flows from something at a higher temperat…
Amount of thermal energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
Temperature
Related to the average kinetic energy of an object's atoms or…
Thermal Energy
The sum of kinetic and potential energy of all the atoms in a…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
static electricity
law of conservation of charge
electric field
conductor
the accumulation of excess electric charge on an object
charge can be transferred from object to object, but it canno…
surrounds every electric charge and exerts the force that cau…
a material through which electrons move easily
static electricity
the accumulation of excess electric charge on an object
law of conservation of charge
charge can be transferred from object to object, but it canno…
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
law of conservation of charge
static electricity
electric field
conductor
states that the charge can be transferred from object to obje…
is the accumulation of excess electric charge on an object
surrounds every electric charge and exerts the force that cau…
a material through which electrons move easily
law of conservation of charge
states that the charge can be transferred from object to obje…
static electricity
is the accumulation of excess electric charge on an object
42 terms
Chapter 6 Physical Science
________________ alters the form or ap…
A______________ produces one or more n…
Some examples of chemical changes are_…
Some examples of physical changes are…
physical change
chemical change or chemical reaction
smoke rising, iron rusting, silver tarnishing, milk souring,…
wax melting, water freezing, butter melting and then getting…
________________ alters the form or ap…
physical change
A______________ produces one or more n…
chemical change or chemical reaction
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
An atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge.
Ion with a negative charge.
Ion with a positive charge.
Electron Dot Diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
Ion
An atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge.
14 terms
Physical Science chapter 6
conduction
convection
first law of thermodynamics
Heat
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
The system increase in thermal energy of a system equals the…
thermal energy that flows from a warm material to a cooler me…
conduction
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
convection
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
44 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
when the highest occupied energy level…
the chemical properties of an element…
the goal of every atom is to have a
the transferring of electrons from 1 a…
stable
valence electrons
full outer shell
ionic bond
when the highest occupied energy level…
stable
the chemical properties of an element…
valence electrons
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
Chemical reaction
Mixture
Dissolve
Solute
A chemical change in which elements are combined or rearranged
A combination of substances in which no reaction take place
To break apart
The substance that is dissolved in a solution
Chemical reaction
A chemical change in which elements are combined or rearranged
Mixture
A combination of substances in which no reaction take place
14 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Physical Science)
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
A charged atom
A negatively charged ion
A positively charged ion
Electron Dot Diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
Ion
A charged atom
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
reactant
product
chemical energy
exothermic reaction
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds b…
A reaction that releases energy in the form of heat
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
product
A chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
67 terms
physical science chapter 6
chemistry
john dalton
elements
compounds
organized study of the composition and interactions of matter
discovered the atomic theory of matter
some substances that are composed of a single type of atom ar…
substances that are composed of more than one type of atom li…
chemistry
organized study of the composition and interactions of matter
john dalton
discovered the atomic theory of matter
14 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Chapter 6
electron dot diagram
anion
cation
chemical bond
a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
the force that holds atoms or ions together as a unit
electron dot diagram
a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
anion
an ion with a negative charge
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Vocab
suspension
solution
solvent
solute
a mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
a well-mixed mixture
the part of a solution present in the largest amount
a substance present in a solution in a smaller amount and dis…
suspension
a mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
solution
a well-mixed mixture
14 terms
Chapter 6 physical science
electron dot diagram
ion
anion
cation
model of an atom which each dot represents a valence electron
a group of atoms with a net charge of positive or negative
an ion with negative charge
an ion with positive charge
electron dot diagram
model of an atom which each dot represents a valence electron
ion
a group of atoms with a net charge of positive or negative
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6) 14-26
open system
closed system
coefficient
synthesis
A system in which matter can enter from or escape to the surr…
A system in which no matter is allowed to enter or leave.
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
A chemical reaction in which two or more simple substances co…
open system
A system in which matter can enter from or escape to the surr…
closed system
A system in which no matter is allowed to enter or leave.
51 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 6
What is energy?
What type of energy is demonstrated by…
A compass needle, a wire conducting el…
X-rays, radio waves, and microwaves ar…
a positive scalar, operationally defined, measured in joules
kinetic energy
magnetic energy
radiant energy
What is energy?
a positive scalar, operationally defined, measured in joules
What type of energy is demonstrated by…
kinetic energy
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6
Atom
Law Of Definite Proportions
Electrons
Alpha Particles
The fundamental particle of an element
A chemical compound is always made up of the same elements in…
A negatively charged particle with an extremely small mass
A particle made up of two protons and two neutrons; a helium…
Atom
The fundamental particle of an element
Law Of Definite Proportions
A chemical compound is always made up of the same elements in…
18 terms
holt physical science chapter 6 and 7
atom
electron
nucleus
electron cloud
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
negatively charged particle, its mass is not counted in the m…
center of the atom
region of the atom where electrons are found
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
electron
negatively charged particle, its mass is not counted in the m…
34 terms
MP Novare Physical Science Chapter 6
C6O1: Name five examples of pure subst…
C6O2: Explain the difference between m…
C6O3: From a chemical formula, identif…
C6O4: Describe the three main regions…
Molecules: Water - H2O; Methane - CH4; Oxygen - O2; Nitrogen…
Both are composed of pure elements bonded together but crysta…
C3H8 -> C-3:H-8 or 3:8 Carbon:Hydrogen (propane) -------NH3 -…
The Periodic Table of Elements is divided into metals, metall…
C6O1: Name five examples of pure subst…
Molecules: Water - H2O; Methane - CH4; Oxygen - O2; Nitrogen…
C6O2: Explain the difference between m…
Both are composed of pure elements bonded together but crysta…
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