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Study sets matching "chapter 7 9 psychology"

60 terms
psychology chapter 7-9
biological factors, psychological fact…
biological factors
psychological factors
sociocultural factors
3 biopsychosocial persepectives (abnormal behavior consist of…
neutrons and genetics
personality and chilhood experiences
family relationships and cultural values
biological factors, psychological fact…
3 biopsychosocial persepectives (abnormal behavior consist of…
biological factors
neutrons and genetics
47 terms
Chapter 7-9 psychology
Concepts (2)
Prototypes
Algorithmic problem solving
Heuristic problem solving
that represent a class or category of objects, events, or act…
a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics o…
very specific, step-by-step procedures for solving certain ty…
educated guess based on prior experiences that helps narrow d…
Concepts (2)
that represent a class or category of objects, events, or act…
Prototypes
a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics o…
49 terms
Psychology: Chapter 7&9
Phonology
Phonotactics
Statistical learning
Semantics
subtle sounds in languages
learning about how sounds go together
noticing when syllables go together
meaning of words
Phonology
subtle sounds in languages
Phonotactics
learning about how sounds go together
55 terms
Chapter 7-9 PSYCHOLOGY
circadian rhythm
sleep onset
somnambulism
Explain Freud's theory of dreams
biological clock... 24 hours
alpha waves...mild hallucinations, feelings of falling
sleep walking...stage 4 sleep
roadway to unconsciousness... manifest content: literal stuff…
circadian rhythm
biological clock... 24 hours
sleep onset
alpha waves...mild hallucinations, feelings of falling
84 terms
Psychology chapter 7 & 9
internal locus of control (carol dweck…
primary drive
arousal and incentive approach
Maslows Hierarchy of needs
have control of what happens in life
involve survival needs of the body
people are assumed to have an optimal level of tension (too m…
transcendence... self-actualization... aesthetic... esteem... belongingne…
internal locus of control (carol dweck…
have control of what happens in life
primary drive
involve survival needs of the body
104 terms
Psychology Chapter 7-9
thinking (cognition)
prototype
Problem Solving
trial and error (mechanical solution)
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is pr…
a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics o…
occurs when a goal must be reached by thinking and behaving i…
problem solving method in which one possible solution after a…
thinking (cognition)
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is pr…
prototype
a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics o…
145 terms
Chapter 7-9 psychology
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Remembering something that happened in the past
Free storage of certain information )neural called)
The actual keepsake of the memory
Being able to retell and remember the information and using it
Memory
Remembering something that happened in the past
Encoding
Free storage of certain information )neural called)
52 terms
Chapter 7-9 Psychology
Allport
personality
prototype
self-actualization
tried to describe people's consistent behavior
a person's relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling…
kind of item that best represents a concept
involves making "the full use and exploitation of talents, ca…
Allport
tried to describe people's consistent behavior
personality
a person's relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling…
103 terms
Psychology Chapter 7 & 9
cognitive psychology
thinking
mental image
concepts
the branch of psychology that focuses on mental processes suc…
the process of mentally representing and manipulating informa…
a mental picture or representation of an object or event
mental categories for classifying events, objects, and ideas…
cognitive psychology
the branch of psychology that focuses on mental processes suc…
thinking
the process of mentally representing and manipulating informa…
18 terms
Psychology Chapter 7 & 9
Ebbinghaus
Encoding
Hindsight Bias
Reconstructive Memory
Measured how long it would take to memorize things.... Taught ne…
Tendency for the associations formed at the time of learning…
Tendency to mold our recollection of the past to fit how even…
Putting together an account of past events based partly on me…
Ebbinghaus
Measured how long it would take to memorize things.... Taught ne…
Encoding
Tendency for the associations formed at the time of learning…
Psychology Chapter 7-9
Memory
Free recall
Cued recall
Recognition
The retention of information
Recall what you remember, like an essay
Receive significant hints about the material
Method of testing memory by asking someone to choose the corr…
Memory
The retention of information
Free recall
Recall what you remember, like an essay
74 terms
Psychology Chapter 7/9
Consciousness
Biological rhythms
Circadian rhythm
REM sleep
Awareness of stuff
Periodic physiological fluctuations
Biological clock, regulated bodily rhythms
Rapid eye movement sleep, vivid dreams occur
Consciousness
Awareness of stuff
Biological rhythms
Periodic physiological fluctuations
49 terms
Psychology (chapter7-9)
Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
Persistence of learning over time through encoding, storage,…
编写 编入。。
存储文件。。
将文件入案 并 可以organize
Memory
Persistence of learning over time through encoding, storage,…
encoding
编写 编入。。
68 terms
Psychology Chapter 7-9
Learning
Psychic Secretions
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditioned Response (UR)
process of acquiring new and relatively permanent information…
created by Pavlov, experiment with classical conditioning to…
a stimulus the unconditionally, naturally and automatically t…
an unlearned, natural occurring response to an unconditioned…
Learning
process of acquiring new and relatively permanent information…
Psychic Secretions
created by Pavlov, experiment with classical conditioning to…
59 terms
Psychology Chapter 7 and 9
Thinking
Concepts
Prototypes
Reasoning
Refers to cognitive processes that build on existing cognitio…
mental categories or classes into which we place the events a…
members of a category that typify or represent the category t…
the process of reaching conclusions that are (cognitive) prin…
Thinking
Refers to cognitive processes that build on existing cognitio…
Concepts
mental categories or classes into which we place the events a…
106 terms
Psychology Chapter 7 and 9
What are Heuristics?
Representativeness Heuristic
Availability Heuristic
What is language?
A rapid form of reasoning that uses mental shortcuts to reduc…
-Kahneman & Tversky (1974)... -The tendency to judge the categor…
-The tendency to use information more prominent in or availab…
Language is a system of finite arbitrary symbols combined acc…
What are Heuristics?
A rapid form of reasoning that uses mental shortcuts to reduc…
Representativeness Heuristic
-Kahneman & Tversky (1974)... -The tendency to judge the categor…
124 terms
chapter 7 and 9 psychology
cognitive psychology
thinking
mental image
concepts
the branch of psych that focuses on mental processes such as…
the process of mentally representing and manipulating informa…
mental picture or representation of an object or event. not a…
mental categories for classifying events, objects, and ideas…
cognitive psychology
the branch of psych that focuses on mental processes such as…
thinking
the process of mentally representing and manipulating informa…
49 terms
Psychology chapter 7 and 9
Conditioning
Classical conditioning
stimulus
Response
Making an association between two events by repeated exposure.
Ivan Pavlov's method of conditioning in which associations ar…
Anything that elicits a response
A reaction to a stimulus
Conditioning
Making an association between two events by repeated exposure.
Classical conditioning
Ivan Pavlov's method of conditioning in which associations ar…
36 terms
Chapter 7,8,9 psychology
Steps in memory
Encoding, storage, retrieval
Memory model
Sensory, short, long term memory
Encoding, storage, retrieval
-The process of coding and putting the information into memor…
The model asserts that human memory has three separate compon…
-the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information i…
Steps in memory
Encoding, storage, retrieval
Encoding, storage, retrieval
-The process of coding and putting the information into memor…
104 terms
Psychology chapter 7 8 9
memory
constructive process
encoding,storage,and retrieval (ESR) m…
encodes
internal record of representation of some prior event or expe…
organizing and shaping information during processing storage,…
memory model which suggest that memory is formed through thre…
process by which a mental representation is formed in memory…
memory
internal record of representation of some prior event or expe…
constructive process
organizing and shaping information during processing storage,…
44 terms
chapter 7 to 9 psychology
The Reggio Emilia approach is a
By the end of early childhood, compare…
When 4 and 5 year olds scramble over j…
4 year old Bobby has grown to be very…
educational program for young children
more muscle; more fat
gross motor skills
she tries to place each block perfectly on top of each
The Reggio Emilia approach is a
educational program for young children
By the end of early childhood, compare…
more muscle; more fat
128 terms
Psychology Chapter 7,8 and 9
memory
three stage model of memory
sensory memory
short term memory
the ability to store and use information; also the store of w…
the classification of memories based on duration as sensory,…
the part of memory that holds information in its original sen…
the part of memory that temporarily (2 to 30 seconds) stores…
memory
the ability to store and use information; also the store of w…
three stage model of memory
the classification of memories based on duration as sensory,…
Psychology Chapter 7,8,9
What is Thinking?
Problem Solving
Methods to Solve Problems
Trial& Error
- Manipulating information to draw conclusions and make decis…
Processing information directed towards solving a problem wit…
Trial& Error, Heuristic, Insight, Intuition
using different possible solutions and eliminating those that…
What is Thinking?
- Manipulating information to draw conclusions and make decis…
Problem Solving
Processing information directed towards solving a problem wit…
99 terms
Psychology Chapter 7-9 Review
video recorder
encoding, storage, retrieval
encoding
human memory
false theory of memory; memory is an interpretation of experi…
three essential tasks of memory
remembering a new cat's unique markings
reconstructs material during retrieval
video recorder
false theory of memory; memory is an interpretation of experi…
encoding, storage, retrieval
three essential tasks of memory
70 terms
Chapter 7 and 9: Psychology Vocabulary
learning
habituation
sensitization
classical conditioning
the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, or responses from e…
a general process in which repeated or prolonged exposure to…
a simple form of learning that occurs when presentation of a…
a type of learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus produc…
learning
the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, or responses from e…
habituation
a general process in which repeated or prolonged exposure to…
138 terms
chapter 7, 8, and 9 of Exploring Psychology
learning
associative learning
stimulus
respondent stimulus
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
Any event or situation that evokes a response
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
learning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
136 terms
Psychology Terms Chapter 7-9
Learning
Associative Learning
Stimulus
Respondent Behavior
The process of acquiring through experience new and relativel…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
Any event or situation that evokes a response
Behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
Learning
The process of acquiring through experience new and relativel…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
38 terms
Music Psychology chapter 7 and 9
Useful strategies for retrieval
Proactive Inhabition
Retroactive Inhabition
pneumonic strategies
emphasize meaningfulness, organization, visual, imagery and r…
Previous learning interferences with present recall. ex: teac…
Subsequent leaving interferes with recall of previous learnin…
loci method: see different places and visualize where things…
Useful strategies for retrieval
emphasize meaningfulness, organization, visual, imagery and r…
Proactive Inhabition
Previous learning interferences with present recall. ex: teac…
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 7-9 Review
Classical Conditioning
Extinction
Operant Conditioning
Shaping
When associations are made between a natural stimulus and a l…
The gradual loss of an association over time
Results from the individual's actions and consequences they c…
Process of gradually refining a response by successfully rein…
Classical Conditioning
When associations are made between a natural stimulus and a l…
Extinction
The gradual loss of an association over time
40 terms
Psychology Chapter 7: Learning-College Psychology
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
a relatively permeant change in an organism behavior due to e…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in whig one learns to link two or more sti…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Learning
a relatively permeant change in an organism behavior due to e…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
12 terms
Chapter 7/9 Experimental Psychology
Rosenthal Effect
Single Blind Experiment
Demand Characteristics
Good Participant Effect
experimental concluded idea of appropriate responding influen…
an experiment in which the experimenter is unaware of the tre…
features of the experimenter that inadvertently lead particip…
tendency of participants to behave as they perceive the exper…
Rosenthal Effect
experimental concluded idea of appropriate responding influen…
Single Blind Experiment
an experiment in which the experimenter is unaware of the tre…
53 terms
psychology chapter 7, 8, 9
habituation
sensitization
positive reinforcement
negative reinforcement
-when you slow or stop responding to an event that has become…
-occurs when our response to an event increases rather than d…
-works by presenting a motivating/reinforcing stimulus to the…
-occurs when a certain stimulus (usually an aversive stimulus…
habituation
-when you slow or stop responding to an event that has become…
sensitization
-occurs when our response to an event increases rather than d…
48 terms
psychology chapter 7,8 and 9
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
accumulated learning
get information into our brain
retain that information
later get the information back out
memory
accumulated learning
encoding
get information into our brain
31 terms
psychology sac chapter 7-9
operationalising the IV
operationalising the DV
identification of extranous variables
participant variables
...
...
...
...
operationalising the IV
...
operationalising the DV
...
25 terms
Psychology Chapter 7,8,9
Classical Conditioning
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
A type of learning in which one links two or more stimuli and…
Elicits no response before conditioning.
Naturally and automatically triggers a response
Response is natural and unlearned
Classical Conditioning
A type of learning in which one links two or more stimuli and…
Neutral Stimulus
Elicits no response before conditioning.
58 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 7-9
Amnesia
Declarative Long-Term Memory
Non-Declarative Long-Term Memory
Retrograde
Loss of memory due to injury or disease
Episodic and semantic memory
Conditioning, priming and still learning
Loss of memory before the trauma/illness; usually temporally…
Amnesia
Loss of memory due to injury or disease
Declarative Long-Term Memory
Episodic and semantic memory
37 terms
Chapter 7-9 Vocabulary
frightened
horrible
shoot
sirens
to become afraid
very bad or unpleasant
to cause a bullet, arrow, etc., to move forward with great fo…
a piece of equipment that produces a loud, high-pitched warni…
frightened
to become afraid
horrible
very bad or unpleasant
52 terms
Chapter 7, 8, and 9 Psychology Study Guide
Sensitization
Habituation
Orienting Response
Classical Conditioning
paying more attention to something; strong stimulus.
paying less attention to something because it does not give y…
turning your attention to something else; weak stimulus.
one thing acts as a signal for something else, making an invo…
Sensitization
paying more attention to something; strong stimulus.
Habituation
paying less attention to something because it does not give y…
40 terms
Chapter 7 Psychology
What are the three key processes of me…
What is encoding?
How does information get into the memo…
How can you improve your memory?
1) Encoding... 2) Storage... 3) Retrieval
Getting information into your memory!
1) Attention-Focus is the key!... 2) Level of Processing... -Struct…
1) Linking information to an interest, strength, song... 2) Use…
What are the three key processes of me…
1) Encoding... 2) Storage... 3) Retrieval
What is encoding?
Getting information into your memory!
64 terms
Psychology Chapter 7
Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomenon
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
when information fells like its just out of reach, the tempor…
getting information in, involves forming a memory, ex. when y…
maintaining information, involves maintaining encoded informa…
getting information out, involves recovering information from…
Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomenon
when information fells like its just out of reach, the tempor…
Encoding
getting information in, involves forming a memory, ex. when y…
64 terms
Psychology Chapter 7: Memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
Memory
the act of processing information into memory
the retention of encoded representations over time
The act of recalling or remembering stored information when i…
The nervous system's capacity to acquire and retain skills an…
encoding
the act of processing information into memory
storage
the retention of encoded representations over time
120 terms
Psychology 101 (Chapter 7,8 & 9)
mental images
mental set
Problems of inducing structure require…
3 stage of problem solving
representations in the mind of an object or an event
the tendency for old patterns or problem solving to persist
identify relationships among stimuli and construct new relati…
1. Preparation... 2. Production... 3. Judgement
mental images
representations in the mind of an object or an event
mental set
the tendency for old patterns or problem solving to persist
14 terms
Psychology Chapter 7
Anterograde Amnesia
Encoding
Schema
Recognition
loss of ability to store new long-term memory
translation of information into a form in which it can be sto…
an organized representation of some portion of experience, us…
identification of an object or event that has been previously…
Anterograde Amnesia
loss of ability to store new long-term memory
Encoding
translation of information into a form in which it can be sto…
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 7, 8, & 9
the process of acquiring through exper…
two types of conditioning
organism is rewarded for emitting a de…
anything that increases the rate of re…
learning
classical (Pavlovian) and operant (instrumental)
contigency
reinforcement
the process of acquiring through exper…
learning
two types of conditioning
classical (Pavlovian) and operant (instrumental)
45 terms
Chapter 7 Psychology Terms
learning
associative learning
stimulus
respondent behavior
the process of acquiring through experience new information o…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
learning
the process of acquiring through experience new information o…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
40 terms
Experience Psychology - Chapter 7, 8 and 9
motivation
instinct
drive
need
the force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the wa…
an innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is…
an aroused state that occurs because of a physiological need
a deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce…
motivation
the force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the wa…
instinct
an innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is…
10 terms
Chapter 7, 8, 9 (Psychology)
What is a milieu therapy management?
What are the 6 competencies of nursing?
Who is the primary source during an as…
3 components of a nursing diagnosis?
A type of management that includes orienting patients to thei…
Patient-centered care... Teamwork and collaboration ... Evidence Ba…
The patient
problem, cause, and supporting data
What is a milieu therapy management?
A type of management that includes orienting patients to thei…
What are the 6 competencies of nursing?
Patient-centered care... Teamwork and collaboration ... Evidence Ba…
42 terms
Psychology: Chapter 7 Terms
learning
associative learning
stimulus
respondent behavior
the process of acquiring through experience new and relativel…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
learning
the process of acquiring through experience new and relativel…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
64 terms
Psychology 200 Chapter 7-9
Intelligence
Charles Spearman
G factor
S factor
Ability to learn from experience,acquire knowledge and adapta…
Saw two different abilities, G factor and S factor
General Intelligence, The ability to solve problems and to re…
Specific abilities in certain areas such as music, business o…
Intelligence
Ability to learn from experience,acquire knowledge and adapta…
Charles Spearman
Saw two different abilities, G factor and S factor
39 terms
Psychology chapter 7-9 study guide
Cognitive dissonance
Cognitive ethology
Cultural differences
Decay Theory
the state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs, or attitu…
the influence of conscious awareness and intention on the beh…
Increasingly, managers must deal with multiple ethnic groups…
memories fade with time if they are not accessed now and then
Cognitive dissonance
the state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs, or attitu…
Cognitive ethology
the influence of conscious awareness and intention on the beh…
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