Study sets matching "chapter 7 political behavior"

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Study sets matching "chapter 7 political behavior"

22 terms
Chapter 7: Political Behavior and Political Groups
political culture
basics values of America
gender gap
Motor Voter Act of 1983
basic beliefs, values, and norms about a nation
liberty, freedom of opportunity, equality and belief
the gap between different opinions of the sexes
made the process of voting easier when getting or renewing a…
political culture
basic beliefs, values, and norms about a nation
basics values of America
liberty, freedom of opportunity, equality and belief
15 terms
Chapter 7 Election, Campaigns, and Political Behavior in Texas
Several reasons have been given for __…
Elections enable voter to replace publ…
If no candidate in a primary election…
For ideological reasons, primaries can…
Low voter turnout
Change their policies
A runoff primary between the top two candidates is held.
The Victor tends to be more extreme in his or her views and l…
Several reasons have been given for __…
Low voter turnout
Elections enable voter to replace publ…
Change their policies
15 terms
Chapter 7 Election, Campaigns, and Political Behavior in Texas
Several reasons have been given for __…
Elections enable voter to replace publ…
If no candidate in a primary election…
For ideological reasons, primaries can…
Low voter turnout
Change their policies
A runoff primary between the top two candidates is held.
The Victor tends to be more extreme in his or her views and l…
Several reasons have been given for __…
Low voter turnout
Elections enable voter to replace publ…
Change their policies
47 terms
Chapter 7 Political Ideology Beliefs and Behaviors
Liberty
Independent
radical
suffrage
Freedom of choice and protection from injustice
a citizen who doesn't identify with any political party
Favoring drastic political, economic, or social reforms.
The right to vote
Liberty
Freedom of choice and protection from injustice
Independent
a citizen who doesn't identify with any political party
Chapter 7 Political Ideology Beliefs and Behaviors
LIBERTY
Independent
Radical
Suffrage
Freedom
free from outside control; not depending on another's authori…
Favoring drastic political, economic, or social reforms.
The right to vote
LIBERTY
Freedom
Independent
free from outside control; not depending on another's authori…
Chapter 7: Political Participation and Voter Behavior
Electorate
Activist
Political socialization
Citizen
The people who are qualified to vote in an election
A person,outside of government, actively and energetically en…
The process by which people develop their political identity…
A person who has certain rights and responsibilities as a mem…
Electorate
The people who are qualified to vote in an election
Activist
A person,outside of government, actively and energetically en…
48 terms
Chapter 7 Political Ideology Beliefs and Behaviors
Liberty
Independent
Radical
Suffrage
The state of being free within society from oppressive restri…
Free from outside control; not depending on another's authori…
(Especially of change or action) Relating to or affecting the…
The right to vote in political elections.
Liberty
The state of being free within society from oppressive restri…
Independent
Free from outside control; not depending on another's authori…
28 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
attitudes
Affect... Behavior... Cognition
1. Utilitarian function... 2. Knowledge f…
utilitarian
relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
ABC Approach to Attitudes
According to the Functional Theory of Attitudes, attitudes pe…
this function of attitudes is based on the concept of reward…
attitudes
relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
Affect... Behavior... Cognition
ABC Approach to Attitudes
45 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
Attitudes
ABC Approach
Affect
Behavior
Relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
Affect, Behavior, and Cognition.
The way a consumer feels. Example: I really like my Coca-Cola.
Person's intention to do. Example: I always buy Coca-Cola pro…
Attitudes
Relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
ABC Approach
Affect, Behavior, and Cognition.
AP GOV Chapter 7/8-Political Beliefs and Behaviors
Poll
Random sample
Sampling error
Exit polls
Survey of public opinion
Method of selecting from a population in which each person ha…
Difference between results of random samples taken at the sam…
Polls based on interviews conducted on Elections n Day with r…
Poll
Survey of public opinion
Random sample
Method of selecting from a population in which each person ha…
Chapter 7: Political Science
Mass Media
Watchdog
Libel
Actual Malice
News sources, including newspapers, television, radio and the…
Role of media to keep track of government wrongdoing.
Publishing False and damaging statements about another person.
Supreme Court test for libel of a public figure in which the…
Mass Media
News sources, including newspapers, television, radio and the…
Watchdog
Role of media to keep track of government wrongdoing.
27 terms
Consumer Behavior - Chapter 7
Motivation
Emotion
Needs
Wants
A driving force that moves or incites consumers to act... - Moti…
Affect + arousal... - Emotion focuses attention on emotional obj…
Desires that arise when a consumer's actual state does not me…
Learned manifestation of needs... - Product-specific needs or ne…
Motivation
A driving force that moves or incites consumers to act... - Moti…
Emotion
Affect + arousal... - Emotion focuses attention on emotional obj…
30 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
attitudes
ABC approach to attitudes
functional theory of attitudes
utilitarian function of attitudes
relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
approach that suggests that attitudes encompass one's affect,…
theory of attitudes that suggests that attitudes perform four…
function of attitudes in which consumers use attitudes as way…
attitudes
relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
ABC approach to attitudes
approach that suggests that attitudes encompass one's affect,…
Chapter 7: Consumer Behavior
Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility
total utility
marginal utility
rational behavior
added satisfaction declines as a consumer acquires additional…
total amount of satisfaction a person gets from a product
extra satisfaction a consumer realizes from additional unit o…
consumer uses money to derive the greatest utility from it
Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility
added satisfaction declines as a consumer acquires additional…
total utility
total amount of satisfaction a person gets from a product
Chapter 7: Consumer Behavior
law of diminishing marginal utility
utility
total utility
marginal utility
in certain products:... with each additional unit, consumer adde…
want-satisfying power; satisfaction or pleasure from consumin…
TOTAL amount of satisfaction from consuming a certain quantit…
EXTRA satisfaction received from an additional unit of a good…
law of diminishing marginal utility
in certain products:... with each additional unit, consumer adde…
utility
want-satisfying power; satisfaction or pleasure from consumin…
brain & behavior chapter 7
amplitude
frequency
pitch:
anatomy ear
intensity of a sound wave, loudness is not always related to…
number of compression per second, measured in Hz of a sound
the perception of a frequency about sound
three regions: the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear.
amplitude
intensity of a sound wave, loudness is not always related to…
frequency
number of compression per second, measured in Hz of a sound
22 terms
Chapter7 Human Behavior
Ideology
Cultural Context
Religion
Proscribed
A comprehensive set of beliefs about the nature of people and…
...
A type of social institution. A system of beliefs that affect…
outlawed; condemned as dangerous.. France banned flu-face veils
Ideology
A comprehensive set of beliefs about the nature of people and…
Cultural Context
...
Organizational Behavior Chapter 7
Motivation
3 Key Elements of Motivation
Early Theories of Motivation (4)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
-One of the most frequently researched topics in OB... -A gallop…
Intensity... Direction... Persistence
(Early theories may NOT be valid)... -Maslow's Hierarchy of Need…
The five needs:... 1) Physiological (hunger, thirst, shelter, se…
Motivation
-One of the most frequently researched topics in OB... -A gallop…
3 Key Elements of Motivation
Intensity... Direction... Persistence
27 terms
Chapter 7 - Individual Behavior and Processes
The process of making choices among al…
The view in decision making that peopl…
The probability (expectancy) of satisf…
A deviation between current expectatio…
Decision Making
Rational Choice Paradigm
Subjective Expected Utility (SEU)
Opportunity
The process of making choices among al…
Decision Making
The view in decision making that peopl…
Rational Choice Paradigm
32 terms
Chapter 7 Brain and Behavior
Prenatal Stages
Neural Plate
Neural Tube
Neural Crest
1) Zygote: Fertilization to 2 weeks.... 2) Embryo: 2 to 8 weeks.…
Thickened region of the ectodermal layer that gives rise to t…
Structure in the early stage of brain development from which…
Becomes the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Prenatal Stages
1) Zygote: Fertilization to 2 weeks.... 2) Embryo: 2 to 8 weeks.…
Neural Plate
Thickened region of the ectodermal layer that gives rise to t…
Chapter 7: Political Geographies
boers
boundary
centrifugal force
centripetal force
a member of the Dutch and Huguenot population that settled in…
a vertical plane, usually represented as a lone on a map, tha…
an event or circumstance that weakens a state's social and po…
an event or circumstance that helps bind together the social…
boers
a member of the Dutch and Huguenot population that settled in…
boundary
a vertical plane, usually represented as a lone on a map, tha…
Political Science Chapter 7
Direct Democracy
Indirect Democracy
election
ballot
political system in which citizens are directly involved in t…
political system of representation in which citizens elect a…
a form of choosing political representatives where by individ…
card used to cast a vote; ballots are kept in a box and count…
Direct Democracy
political system in which citizens are directly involved in t…
Indirect Democracy
political system of representation in which citizens elect a…
Political Science Chapter 7 Vocab
nomination
General Election
Caucus
Direct Primary
the naming of those who will seek office- is a critically imp…
Regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final…
a group of like minded people who meet to select the candidat…
intra- party election. It is held within a party to pick that…
nomination
the naming of those who will seek office- is a critically imp…
General Election
Regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final…
Chapter 7 BRAIN & BEHAVIOR
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
PET ADVANTAGES
We can modify the brain and see how be…
Brain Stimulation
-Imaging technique that detects changes in blood flow by meas…
Can detect the decay of hundreds of radiochemicals, allows th…
Two reasons for doing so:... -Develop hypotheses about how the…
First used by Wilder Penfield to stimulate the cerebral corte…
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
-Imaging technique that detects changes in blood flow by meas…
PET ADVANTAGES
Can detect the decay of hundreds of radiochemicals, allows th…
18 terms
Political Science Chapter 7 Vocab
nomination
General Election
Caucus
Direct Primary
the naming of those who will seek office- is a critically imp…
Regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final…
a group of like minded people who meet to select the candidat…
intra- party election. It is held within a party to pick that…
nomination
the naming of those who will seek office- is a critically imp…
General Election
Regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final…
36 terms
Political Science Chapter 7
Interest Group
pluralist democracy
movement
Direct Mail
Associations of people who hold common views and who work tog…
a system where people rule and have their interests protected…
an effort to attain an end through an organized set of action…
Method of contacting citizens by mail, rather than through pe…
Interest Group
Associations of people who hold common views and who work tog…
pluralist democracy
a system where people rule and have their interests protected…
Chapter 7 Org Behavior
Three key elements of motivation:
direction
Persistence
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
intensity, direction, persistence
orientation that benefits the organization
measure of how long a person can maintain effort
Three key elements of motivation:
intensity, direction, persistence
direction
orientation that benefits the organization
17 terms
FAR - Chapter 7 Behavior
Adaptability
Associative Learning
Conditioned Response
Critical Period
ability to change
learning that certain events occur together, the events may b…
learned behavior in which a new stimulus causes the same resp…
specific time in development when certain skills or abilities…
Adaptability
ability to change
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together, the events may b…
29 terms
Chapter 7- Consumer Behavior
Consumer Behavior
Involvement
Central Route
Peripheral Route
The complex process by which individuals acquire, use and dis…
Individual's degree of interest in a product & the importance…
High involvement processing ... -Beliefs --> Attitude -->Behavior
Low involvement processing... -Beliefs --> Behavior --> Attitude…
Consumer Behavior
The complex process by which individuals acquire, use and dis…
Involvement
Individual's degree of interest in a product & the importance…
28 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
attitudes
attitude tracking
attitude-behavior consistency
utilitarian... knowledge... value-expressive…
relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, services,…
the extent to which a company actively monitors its customers…
the extend to which a strong relationship exists between atti…
4 functions that attitudes perform
attitudes
relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, services,…
attitude tracking
the extent to which a company actively monitors its customers…
48 terms
chapter 7 Human Behavior
Erikson Theory Stage 1
Erikson Theory Stage 2
Erikson Theory Stage 3
Erikson Theory Stage 4
Trust versus Mistrust ... •Infants to 18 months ... •Learning to tr…
Automony versus shame and doubt ... •18 months to 3 years ... •Acco…
initiative versus guilt... •3 to 6 years ... •Crisis: taking their…
industry versus inferiority ... •6 to 12 years ... •Need to be prod…
Erikson Theory Stage 1
Trust versus Mistrust ... •Infants to 18 months ... •Learning to tr…
Erikson Theory Stage 2
Automony versus shame and doubt ... •18 months to 3 years ... •Acco…
Consumer Behavior-Chapter 7
relatively enduring overall evaluation…
approach that suggests that attitudes…
theory of attitudes that suggests that…
the 4 functions of consumer attitudes…
attitudes
ABC approach to attitudes
functional theory of attitudes
utilitarian ... knowledge... value-expressive ... ego-defensive
relatively enduring overall evaluation…
attitudes
approach that suggests that attitudes…
ABC approach to attitudes
71 terms
Organizational Behavior Chapter 7
motivation
law of individual differences
theory x
theory y
intensity of a person's desire to begin or continue engaging…
people have different abilities, needs, personalities, values…
belief that most people dislike work and will try to avoid it…
belief that people can enjoy responsibility and work, and are…
motivation
intensity of a person's desire to begin or continue engaging…
law of individual differences
people have different abilities, needs, personalities, values…
15 terms
Organizational Behavior - chapter 7
Rational Choice Paradigm
Rational Choice Decision-making Process
Problem Identification Challenges
Identifying Problems Effectively
View that effective decision makers identify, select, and app…
1. Identify problem or opportunity... 2. Choose the best decisio…
- Problems/opportunities are cost rusted from ambiguous infor…
- Be aware of perceptual and diagnostic limitations ... - Fight…
Rational Choice Paradigm
View that effective decision makers identify, select, and app…
Rational Choice Decision-making Process
1. Identify problem or opportunity... 2. Choose the best decisio…
20 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
attitudes
Attitude Elements
beliefs
brand belief
learned predispositions to respond to an object in a consiste…
learned... toward an object or class of objects ... responses... consi…
expectations about what something is or is not, or what somet…
a thought about a specific property or quality of the band
attitudes
learned predispositions to respond to an object in a consiste…
Attitude Elements
learned... toward an object or class of objects ... responses... consi…
20 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
Choice
Choice Criteria
Noncompensatory Integration Processes
Decision
the outcome of the consumer decision making integration process
Specific consequences used to evaluate and choose among choic…
The salient beliefs about the positive or negative consequenc…
involves a choice between two or more alternative actions.
Choice
the outcome of the consumer decision making integration process
Choice Criteria
Specific consequences used to evaluate and choose among choic…
29 terms
Political Science Chapter 7
Head of Government
Head of State
Impeachment
Chief Administrator
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
the process used to charge, try, and remove public officials…
the president's executive role as the head of federal agencie…
Head of Government
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
Head of State
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
Political Trends: Chapter 7
Auction
Consignment Shop
Cost-benefit analysis
Estate Sale
A public sale... A public sale in which property or items of mer…
Retail store where people sell items and the owner of the sho…
the process of quantifying costs and benefits of a decision
type of yard sale with more items, usually the entire content…
Auction
A public sale... A public sale in which property or items of mer…
Consignment Shop
Retail store where people sell items and the owner of the sho…
13 terms
Organizational Behavior Chapter 7
Motivation Through Job Design
3 Key Elements of Motivation
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
ERG Theory
1. Job Enlargement: combining specialized tasks of comparable…
1. Intensity: concerned with how hard a person tries.... 2. Dire…
1. Physiology = Base Salary... 2. Security = Pension Plan... 3. Soc…
Multiple of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs can be operative at o…
Motivation Through Job Design
1. Job Enlargement: combining specialized tasks of comparable…
3 Key Elements of Motivation
1. Intensity: concerned with how hard a person tries.... 2. Dire…
Human Behavior Chapter 7
Biofeedback
Circadian Rhythm
Consciousness
Hallucinations
Learning to control your internal physiological processes wit…
Biological clock that regulates body rhythms on a 24-hour cycle
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Perceptions that have no direct external cause
Biofeedback
Learning to control your internal physiological processes wit…
Circadian Rhythm
Biological clock that regulates body rhythms on a 24-hour cycle
Organizational Behavior Chapter 7
MOTIVATION
HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
LOWER ORDER NEEDS
SELF-ACTUALIZATION
the processes that account for an individual's intensity, dir…
Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of 5 needs -physiological, safety,…
needs that are satisfied externally, such as physiological an…
the drive to become what a person is capable of becoming.
MOTIVATION
the processes that account for an individual's intensity, dir…
HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of 5 needs -physiological, safety,…
Organizational Behavior Chapter 7
Motivation
Hierarchy of Needs (Maslow)
Theory X (McGregor)
Theory Y (McGregor
Amount of effort (intensity)... direction of effort ... persisten…
5 needs...... Psysiological... Safety... Social... Esteem... Self-Actualizat…
Managers think employees dislike work... Lower needs dominate
Managers think employees like work... Higher needs dominate
Motivation
Amount of effort (intensity)... direction of effort ... persisten…
Hierarchy of Needs (Maslow)
5 needs...... Psysiological... Safety... Social... Esteem... Self-Actualizat…
88 terms
Consumer Behavior - Chapter 7
Accommodative purchase decisions
activity stores
antibrand communities
aspirational reference group
the process of using bargaining, coercion, compromise, and th…
a retailing concept that lets consumers participate in the pr…
groups of consumers who share a common disdain for a celebrit…
high-profile athletes and celebrities used in marketing effor…
Accommodative purchase decisions
the process of using bargaining, coercion, compromise, and th…
activity stores
a retailing concept that lets consumers participate in the pr…
38 terms
Behavior Mod Chapter 7
Continuous Reinforcement
Intermittent Reinforcement
Fixed Ratio (FR) Schedules
Ratio Strain
--Every response reinforced... --Fast learning & extinction
--Some responses reinforced... --Slow learning & extinction
--Reinforcement --> fixed # responses... --High response rate... --…
--less responding --> more FR schedule too rapidly
Continuous Reinforcement
--Every response reinforced... --Fast learning & extinction
Intermittent Reinforcement
--Some responses reinforced... --Slow learning & extinction
24 terms
Chapter 7 - Immigration, Urbanization & Political Machines
Ellis Island
Angel Island
melting pot
Chinese Exclusion Act
immigration station in New York harbor that processed Eastern…
port of entry into the US for many immigrants coming from Asi…
the mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed t…
(1882) banned entry to all chinese except students, teachers,…
Ellis Island
immigration station in New York harbor that processed Eastern…
Angel Island
port of entry into the US for many immigrants coming from Asi…
Animal Behavior Chapter 7
mechanoreceptors
lateral line systeem
chemoreception
olfaction
sensory receptors sensitive to changes in pressure
in fish, mechanoreceptors that provide hydrodynamic information
the process by which an animal detects chemical stimuli
the detection of airborne chemical stimuli
mechanoreceptors
sensory receptors sensitive to changes in pressure
lateral line systeem
in fish, mechanoreceptors that provide hydrodynamic information
10 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
ABC approach to attitudes
Functional theory of attitudes
Utilitarian Function
Knowledge Function
Affect, Behavior, Cognition
Utilitarian Function, Knowledge Function, Value-Expressive Fu…
This function of attitudes is based on the concept of reward…
This function of attitudes allows consumers to simplify their…
ABC approach to attitudes
Affect, Behavior, Cognition
Functional theory of attitudes
Utilitarian Function, Knowledge Function, Value-Expressive Fu…
14 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
Attitudes
Attitude tracking
Attitude-behavior consistency
Utilitarian function
Relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
The extent to which a company actively monitors its customers…
The extent to which a strong relationship exists between atti…
Maximizing rewards minimizing punishments.
Attitudes
Relatively enduring overall evaluations of objects, products,…
Attitude tracking
The extent to which a company actively monitors its customers…
organizational behavior: Chapter 7
teams
process losses
Brooks's law
social loafing
groups of two or more people who interact with and influence…
resources, including time and energy, expended toward team de…
the principle that adding more people to a late software proj…
the problem that occurs when people exert less effort (and us…
teams
groups of two or more people who interact with and influence…
process losses
resources, including time and energy, expended toward team de…
36 terms
Consumer Behavior Chapter 7
self concept
self esteem
social comparison
ideal self
summarizes the beliefs a person holds about his own attribute…
refers to the positivity of a person's self concept
the person tries to evaluate her appearance by comparing it t…
a person's conception of how he would like to be
self concept
summarizes the beliefs a person holds about his own attribute…
self esteem
refers to the positivity of a person's self concept
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