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Study sets matching "chapter 8 ap psychology"

57 terms
AP psychology chapter 8
emotion
display rules
Lateralization of emotion
James-Lange theory
a four part process involving physical arousal, cognitive app…
cross-cultural guidelines for how and when to express emotions
Different influences of the two brain hemispheres on various…
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
emotion
a four part process involving physical arousal, cognitive app…
display rules
cross-cultural guidelines for how and when to express emotions
46 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Emotion
James-Lange Theory
Canon-Bard Theory
Two-factor Theory
A four-part process that involves physiological arousal, subj…
The proposal that an emotion-provoking stimulus produces a ph…
The counterproposal that an emotional feeling and an internal…
The proposal claiming that emotion results from the cognitive…
Emotion
A four-part process that involves physiological arousal, subj…
James-Lange Theory
The proposal that an emotion-provoking stimulus produces a ph…
35 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
operant conditioning
respondent behavior
operant behavior
law of effect
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulu…
behavior that operates on the environment, producing conseque…
Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable co…
operant conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
respondent behavior
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulu…
60 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
cognitive psychology
information-processing systems
concept
formal concept
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
system that receives, represents, transforms, and acts on inc…
basic units of thought; ex. when you hear dog you might think…
concept defined by rules or properties/clearly defined featur…
cognitive psychology
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
information-processing systems
system that receives, represents, transforms, and acts on inc…
57 terms
AP Psychology- Chapter 8: Learning
Ivan Pavlov
John B. Watson
Behavioral Psychology
Learning
Psychologist known mostly for what we now call classical cond…
A Psychologist who was inspired by the work of Pavlov, and be…
The study of how organisms respond to stimuli in the environm…
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Ivan Pavlov
Psychologist known mostly for what we now call classical cond…
John B. Watson
A Psychologist who was inspired by the work of Pavlov, and be…
58 terms
AP Psychology Zimbardo Chapter 8
Emotion (8.01)
Display rules (8.02)
Lateralization of emotion (8.03)
James-Lange theory (8.04)
A four-part process that involves physiological arousal, subj…
The permissible ways of displaying emotions in a particular s…
Different influences of the two brain hemispheres on various…
The proposal that an emotion-provoking stimulus produces a ph…
Emotion (8.01)
A four-part process that involves physiological arousal, subj…
Display rules (8.02)
The permissible ways of displaying emotions in a particular s…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
the retention of encoded info over time... Ex. Bins
the process of getting info out of memory storage
memory
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
encoding
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
36 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Memory
Automatic processing
Chunking
Deja vu
Echoic memory
refers to our unconscious encoding of incidental information…
is the memory technique of organizing material into familiar,…
is the false sense that you have already experienced a curren…
is the momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli, lasting…
Automatic processing
refers to our unconscious encoding of incidental information…
Chunking
is the memory technique of organizing material into familiar,…
47 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Bernstein
Cognitive Psychology
Information-Processing System
Thinking
Reaction Time
The study of the mental processes by which information from t…
Mechanisms for receiving information, representing it with sy…
The manipulation of mental representations
The time between the presentation of a stimulus and and overt…
Cognitive Psychology
The study of the mental processes by which information from t…
Information-Processing System
Mechanisms for receiving information, representing it with sy…
88 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Identical Twins
Fraternal Twins
Behavior Genetics
Thread-like structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in…
Twins who develop from separate fertilized eggs.... No more gene…
The study of relative power and limits of genetics and enviro…
Chromosomes
Thread-like structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Identical Twins
Twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
the retention of encoded info over time... Ex. Bins
the process of getting info out of memory storage
memory
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
encoding
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
classical conditioning
unconditional stimulus
unconditioned response
conditioned stimulus
the process of learning associations; we learn to associate t…
something that automatically/naturally triggers a response
the unlearned response to a stimulus
previously neutral stimulus that after conditioning triggers…
classical conditioning
the process of learning associations; we learn to associate t…
unconditional stimulus
something that automatically/naturally triggers a response
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8: Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage,
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
Motivation
Instinct
Drive-Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
Behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species.
The idea that a physiological need creates a drive that motiv…
Tendency to maintain a constant internal state, the regulatio…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
Instinct
Behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species.
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a change in an organism's behavior due to experience
learning that certain events occur together
First described by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist. Invol…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a change in an organism's behavior due to experience
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
memory
recall
recognition
relearning
refers to the persistence of learning over time, through the…
you retrieve information previously learned and unconsciously…
you identify which stimuli match your stored information (rem…
a measure of how much less work it takes you to learn informa…
memory
refers to the persistence of learning over time, through the…
recall
you retrieve information previously learned and unconsciously…
39 terms
AP Psychology- Chapter 8: Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together; the events may b…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together; the events may b…
47 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
memory
recall
recognition
relearning
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informa…
a measure of memory in which the person need only identify te…
a measure of memory that assess the amount of time saved when…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
recall
a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informa…
35 terms
AP Psychology Meyer- Chapter 8 Learning
Learning
Associative Learning
Behaviorism
Classical Conditioning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together
The view the psychology should be objective science that stud…
A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together
63 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
Cognitive Revolution
Cognition
Language
Symbolic
Occurred in the 1950s. Theorists began to argue that behavior…
Refers broadly to mental processes or thinking.
Consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combi…
People use spoken sounds and written words to represent objec…
Cognitive Revolution
Occurred in the 1950s. Theorists began to argue that behavior…
Cognition
Refers broadly to mental processes or thinking.
AP Psychology Chapter 8
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
the retention of encoded info over time... Ex. Bins
the process of getting info out of memory storage
memory
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
encoding
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
56 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
The component of language concerned wi…
A collection of symbols, and rules for…
The smallest units of sound in a spoke…
The smallest units of meaning in a lan…
Semantics
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
The component of language concerned wi…
Semantics
A collection of symbols, and rules for…
Language
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
the retention of encoded info over time... Ex. Bins
the process of getting info out of memory storage
memory
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
encoding
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
38 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 8
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
organisms learn that certain events occur together; two varia…
also known as Pavlovian conditioning; a type of learning in w…
the view that psychology should be an objective science, stud…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
organisms learn that certain events occur together; two varia…
38 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
the retention of encoded info over time... Ex. Bins
the process of getting info out of memory storage
memory
learning that has persisted over time, info that can be store…
encoding
the processing of info into the memory system - for example,…
58 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 8
Emotion
James-Lange Theory
Cannon-Bard Theory
Two-Factor Theory
a response of the whole organism, involving... - physiological a…
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
Emotion
a response of the whole organism, involving... - physiological a…
James-Lange Theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
81 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
motivation
motives
instinctive behaviors
instinct theory
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
needs or wants that drive goal-directed behavior
innate, automatic dispositions toward responding in a particu…
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic…
motivation
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
motives
needs or wants that drive goal-directed behavior
66 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
cognitive psychology
information-processing systems
concept
formal concept
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
system that receives, represents, transforms, and acts on inc…
basic units of thought; ex. when you hear dog you might think…
concept defined by rules or properties/clearly defined featur…
cognitive psychology
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
information-processing systems
system that receives, represents, transforms, and acts on inc…
34 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8: States of Consciousness
Consciousness
Cognitive neuroscience
Nonconscious processes
Attention
The process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
An interdisciplinary field involving cognitive psychology, ne…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing…
a process by which consciousness focuses on a single item or…
Consciousness
The process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
Cognitive neuroscience
An interdisciplinary field involving cognitive psychology, ne…
54 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
learning
associative learning
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. could be with tw…
Associating Two Stimuli. Example: You see lighting (S1) and h…
You associate a RESPONSE and its CONSEQUENCE. You repeat beha…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. could be with tw…
40 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Nolinscience Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
29 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 8 - Memory
anterograde amnesia
automatic processing
chunking
deja vu
an inability to form new memories... Ex: can only remember what…
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space…
organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occur…
that eerie sense that "I've experienced this before;" cues fr…
anterograde amnesia
an inability to form new memories... Ex: can only remember what…
automatic processing
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space…
38 terms
AP Psychology- Chapter 8 Vocab
Learning
Associative learning
Classical conditioning
Behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
38 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
46 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
Cognitive Psychology
Information-Processing System
Thinking
Reaction Time
The study of the mental processes by which information from t…
Mechanisms for receiving information, representing it with sy…
The manipulation of mental representations
The time between the presentation of a stimulus and an overt…
Cognitive Psychology
The study of the mental processes by which information from t…
Information-Processing System
Mechanisms for receiving information, representing it with sy…
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8: Learning
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
classical conditioning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
25 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
Intelligence
Intelligence Tests
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Analytical Intelligence
a general term referring to the ability or abilities involved…
tests designed to measure a person's general mental abilties
Sternberg's theory that intelligence involves mental skills (…
according to Sternberg, the ability to acquire new knowledge…
Intelligence
a general term referring to the ability or abilities involved…
Intelligence Tests
tests designed to measure a person's general mental abilties
75 terms
ap psychology chapter 8
learning
classical conditioning
Pavlov
unconditioned stimulus
a relatively permanent change in an organism due to experience
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
which famous scientist classically conditioned dogs to saliva…
a stimulus that unconditionally (naturally and automatically)…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism due to experience
classical conditioning
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
48 terms
Chapter 8- AP Psychology
Motivation
Instinct Theories
Drive Theories
Homeostasis
The biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that a…
The view that certain human behaviors are innate and due to e…
The view that behavior is motivated by the desire to reduce i…
The idea that the body monitors and maintains internal states…
Motivation
The biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that a…
Instinct Theories
The view that certain human behaviors are innate and due to e…
51 terms
Chapter 8 Barron's AP Psychology
motivations
Drive Reduction Theory
need
drive
feelings or ideas that cause us to act toward a goal
behavior is motivated by biological needs... does not explain al…
one of our requirements for survival
an impulse to act in a way that satisfies this need
motivations
feelings or ideas that cause us to act toward a goal
Drive Reduction Theory
behavior is motivated by biological needs... does not explain al…
43 terms
Chapter 8- AP Psychology
Algorithim
Availability Heuristic
Billinguilism
Cognition
a methodical step by stem procedure for trying all possible a…
basing the estimated probability of an event on the ease with…
the acquisition of two languages that use different speech so…
the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge
Algorithim
a methodical step by stem procedure for trying all possible a…
Availability Heuristic
basing the estimated probability of an event on the ease with…
39 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning hat certain events occur together. The events may be…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
associative learning
learning hat certain events occur together. The events may be…
61 terms
AP Psychology Myers Chapter 8 (Memory)
memory
recall
recognition
relearning
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informa…
A measure of memory in which the person need only identify it…
A measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved wh…
memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
recall
A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve informa…
33 terms
ap psychology chapter 8
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning through the storage and retrieval…
the process of getting information into memory
the retention of information and encoding is the acquisition…
the process of getting information out of memory
memory
the persistence of learning through the storage and retrieval…
encoding
the process of getting information into memory
105 terms
AP Psychology Myers - Chapter 8
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
65 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
Cognitive Psychology
Information-Processing Systems
Concept
Formal Concept
The study of the mental processes by which information from t…
Mechanisms for receiving information, representing it with sy…
A category of objects, events, or ideas that have common prop…
A concept that can be clearly defined by a set of rules or pr…
Cognitive Psychology
The study of the mental processes by which information from t…
Information-Processing Systems
Mechanisms for receiving information, representing it with sy…
58 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
cognition
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Mental processes of thinking (memory, decision making, proble…
2 basic elements: symbols and grammar
Smallest elements of sound ... Ex. Cat= c/a/t, that= th/a/t
Smallest units of meaning (prefix, base/root word, suffix)... Ex…
cognition
Mental processes of thinking (memory, decision making, proble…
Language
2 basic elements: symbols and grammar
60 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 8
cognitive psychology
information-processing systems
concept
formal concept
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
system that receives, represents, transforms, and acts on inc…
basic units of thought; ex. when you hear dog you might think…
concept defined by rules or properties/clearly defined featur…
cognitive psychology
is the study of mental processes such as attention, language…
information-processing systems
system that receives, represents, transforms, and acts on inc…
28 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 8
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Associative Learning:
Unconditioned Response:
Relative changes in an organism's behavior due to experience.
Changing of reaction due to experience, body automatically be…
Learning that two events occur together. Two stimuli, respons…
Response: Automatically / naturally occurring triggers condit…
Learning
Relative changes in an organism's behavior due to experience.
Classical Conditioning
Changing of reaction due to experience, body automatically be…
37 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 8
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
learning that certain events occur together
type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stim…
view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that…
learning
relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together
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