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Study sets matching "chapter 8 conceptual physics"

24 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
24 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
21 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time
16 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8
Efficiency
Energy
Fulcrum
Joule
In a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
The property of an object or system that enables it to do wor…
the pivot point of a lever
the unit of work and all forms of energy. One ____ of work is…
Efficiency
In a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
Energy
The property of an object or system that enables it to do wor…
16 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocab
efficiency
energy
fulcrum
joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
energy
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
22 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 & 9
momentum
impulse
law of conservation of momentum
elastic collision
the mass of an object multiplied by its velocity
the change in momentum (force x time)
states that in the absence of an external force, the momentum…
when objects collide without being permanently deformed and w…
momentum
the mass of an object multiplied by its velocity
impulse
the change in momentum (force x time)
20 terms
Conceptual Physics chapter 8
Types of circular motion
Translational
Rotational
Rotational speed
1.Translational... 2.Rotational
Change of location
Change of orientation
Revolutions per second
Types of circular motion
1.Translational... 2.Rotational
Translational
Change of location
12 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics
Rotational Inertia
Torque
Centripetal Force
Centrifugal Force
Reluctance or apparent resistance of an object to change its…
The product of force and the lever arm distance, which tends…
A center-directed force that causes an object to follow a cur…
An outward force apparent in a rotating frame of reference. T…
Rotational Inertia
Reluctance or apparent resistance of an object to change its…
Torque
The product of force and the lever arm distance, which tends…
28 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is...
By momentum we mean...
Momentum in shorthand:
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
a property of moving things.
Inertia in motion.
Momentum =mv
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
Momentum is...
a property of moving things.
11 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
What factors affect an object's moment…
What factors affect how much an object…
Impulse
The mass of an object multiplied by it's velocity.... momentum =…
Mass, speed and direction (if direction is important).
The change in momentum depends on the force that acts and the…
The quantity force x time, impulse = Ft, impulse = change in…
Momentum
The mass of an object multiplied by it's velocity.... momentum =…
What factors affect an object's moment…
Mass, speed and direction (if direction is important).
12 terms
Conceptual Physics-Chapter 8
The linear speed tangent to a curved p…
The number of revolutions per unit of…
The property of an object to resist an…
The product of force and lever-arm dis…
Tangential Speed
Rotational Speed
Rotational Inertia
Torque
The linear speed tangent to a curved p…
Tangential Speed
The number of revolutions per unit of…
Rotational Speed
9 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics
Tangential Speed
Rotational Speed
Rotational Inertia
Torque
Linear speed is the distance traveled per unit of time
Rotational speed of an object rotating around an axis is the…
Rotational inertia is a scalar, not a vector and is dependent…
the tendency of a force to rotate an object about an axis, fu…
Tangential Speed
Linear speed is the distance traveled per unit of time
Rotational Speed
Rotational speed of an object rotating around an axis is the…
15 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8
Efficiency
Energy
Fulcrum
Joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object that enables it to do work
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy
Efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
Energy
the property of an object that enables it to do work
12 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocabulary
Tangential Speed
Rotational Speed
Rotational Inertia
Torque
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
The property of an object to resist any change in its state o…
The product of force and lever-arm distance, which tends to p…
Tangential Speed
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
Rotational Speed
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
22 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 & 9
momentum
impulse
law of conservation of momentum
elastic collision
the mass of an object multiplied by its velocity
the change in momentum (force x time)
states that in the absence of an external force, the momentum…
when objects collide without being permanently deformed and w…
momentum
the mass of an object multiplied by its velocity
impulse
the change in momentum (force x time)
8 terms
Conceptual Physics (Chapter 8)
Circular Motion
Tangential Speed
Rotational Speed
Rotational Inertia
When an object turns about an internal axis
-Linear Speed... -The distance traveled by a point on the rotati…
-Number of rotations per unit of time ... -W=rotations/t
An object rotating around an axis tends to remain floating ab…
Circular Motion
When an object turns about an internal axis
Tangential Speed
-Linear Speed... -The distance traveled by a point on the rotati…
6 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 Momentum
Impulse
Law of conservation of momentum
Elastic collision
Inelastic collision
The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted,…
Impulse
The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
Law of conservation of momentum
In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…
22 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Rotational Motion
Tangential speed
Rotational speed (sometimes called ang…
Rotational inertia (often called momen…
Torque
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
The property of an object that measures its resistance to any…
The product of force and lever-arm distance, which tends to p…
Tangential speed
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
Rotational speed (sometimes called ang…
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
16 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is a property of ________ obj…
Momentum can be described as
The equation for momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
moving
Inertia in motion.
m*v
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
Momentum is a property of ________ obj…
moving
61 terms
Conceptual Physics (TESC) Chapter 8
Horses that move with the fastest line…
Your pet hamster sits on a record play…
Since each rolling wheel of a railroad…
When a train makes a curve, different…
near the outside.
Doubles
smaller than that of the wide part.
cover a different distance in the same time.
Horses that move with the fastest line…
near the outside.
Your pet hamster sits on a record play…
Doubles
16 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocab
efficiency
energy
fulcrum
joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
energy
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
30 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Momentum
The Big Idea
By momentum we mean...
Momentum
Momentum in shorthand (abbreviated not…
Momentum is conserved for all collisions as long as external…
Inertia in motion.
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
Momentum =mv
The Big Idea
Momentum is conserved for all collisions as long as external…
By momentum we mean...
Inertia in motion.
17 terms
Conceptual physics chapter 8
A freight train rolls along a track wi…
A cannonball shot from a long-barrel c…
A moving freight car runs into an iden…
A 2.0 kg ball has a momentum of 6.0 kg…
doubled
impulse
one half as large
3.0 m/s
A freight train rolls along a track wi…
doubled
A cannonball shot from a long-barrel c…
impulse
16 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 Vocab
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the action causing movement; vector quantity because it has m…
unit of work; N*meter
the rate of doing work; P=work/time; (WATTS)
unit of power; joule/sec
Work
the action causing movement; vector quantity because it has m…
Joule
unit of work; N*meter
20 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 (Momentum)
Define momentum.
What usually is the changing factor wh…
Define the law of conservation of mome…
Define an isolated system
Mass times velocity
Velocity
the total momentum in a closed system (isolated system) remai…
1. no mass gets in or out... 2. no net external forces act on t…
Define momentum.
Mass times velocity
What usually is the changing factor wh…
Velocity
16 terms
Chapter 8 Vocab Conceptual Physics
Efficiency
Energy
Fulcrum
Joule
can be expressed as the ratio of useful work output to total…
enables an object to do work, property of an object or a syst…
pivot point
The resulting unit of work is the newton- meter, named by Jam…
Efficiency
can be expressed as the ratio of useful work output to total…
Energy
enables an object to do work, property of an object or a syst…
28 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Rotational Motion
The linear speed tangent to a curved p…
The number of rotations or revolutions…
The property of an object that measure…
The average position of weight or the…
Tangential speed
Rotational speed (sometimes called angular speed)
Rotational inertia (often called moment of inertia)
Center of gravity (CG)
The linear speed tangent to a curved p…
Tangential speed
The number of rotations or revolutions…
Rotational speed (sometimes called angular speed)
11 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
What factors affect an object's moment…
What factors affect how much an object…
Impulse
The mass of an object multiplied by it's velocity.... momentum =…
Mass, speed and direction (if direction is important).
The change in momentum depends on the force that acts and the…
The quantity force x time, impulse = Ft, impulse = change in…
Momentum
The mass of an object multiplied by it's velocity.... momentum =…
What factors affect an object's moment…
Mass, speed and direction (if direction is important).
12 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Energy
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
5 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Impulse
Law of conservation of momentum
Elastic collision
The mass of an object multiplied by it's velocity.... p = mv
The quantity force x time, impulse = Ft, impulse = change in…
In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…
When objects collide without being permanently deformed and w…
Momentum
The mass of an object multiplied by it's velocity.... p = mv
Impulse
The quantity force x time, impulse = Ft, impulse = change in…
15 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 Energy
The rate at which work is done is call…
The energy of an object has by virtue…
The energy an object has by virtue of…
The ratio of output force to input for…
True
True
True
False
The rate at which work is done is call…
True
The energy of an object has by virtue…
True
30 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Rotational Motion
Tangential speed
Rotational speed (sometimes called ang…
Rotational inertia (often called momen…
Torque
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
The property of an object that measures its resistance to any…
The product of force and lever-arm distance, which tends to p…
Tangential speed
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
Rotational speed (sometimes called ang…
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
20 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 (Momentum)
Define momentum.
What usually is the changing factor wh…
Define the law of conservation of mome…
Define an isolated system
Mass times velocity
Velocity
the total momentum in a closed system (isolated system) remai…
1. no mass gets in or out... 2. no net external forces act on t…
Define momentum.
Mass times velocity
What usually is the changing factor wh…
Velocity
16 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocab
efficiency
energy
fulcrum
joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
energy
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
16 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocab
efficiency
energy
fulcrum
joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
energy
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
24 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8: Gravity
Kepler's First Law of Planetary Motion
*Kepler's Second Law of Planetary Moti…
Kepler's Third Law of Planetary Motion
LAW of universal gravitation
Each planet moves in an elliptical orbit with the sun at one…
The line from the sun to any planet sweeps out equal areas of…
The squares of the times of revolution (days, months, or year…
Every body in the universe attracts every other body with a f…
Kepler's First Law of Planetary Motion
Each planet moves in an elliptical orbit with the sun at one…
*Kepler's Second Law of Planetary Moti…
The line from the sun to any planet sweeps out equal areas of…
16 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Efficiency
Energy
Fulcrum
Joule
In a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
The property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
The pivot point of a lever
The SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
Efficiency
In a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
Energy
The property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
21 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 Study Guide
tangential speed
rotational speed
V=RW
rotational inertia
the distance traveled by a point on the rotating object divid…
rotational/angular speed is the number of rotations or revolu…
tangential speed=radial distance x rotational speed
an object rotating about an axis tends to remain rotating abo…
tangential speed
the distance traveled by a point on the rotating object divid…
rotational speed
rotational/angular speed is the number of rotations or revolu…
16 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocab
efficiency
energy
fulcrum
joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
energy
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocab
efficiency
energy
fulcrum
joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
energy
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
16 terms
Chapter 8 Conceptual Physics Vocab
efficiency
energy
fulcrum
joule
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
the pivot point of a lever
the SI unit of work and of all other forms of energy. One jou…
efficiency
in a machine, the ratio of useful energy output to total ener…
energy
the property of an object or a system that enables it to do w…
34 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Energy
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
Energy needed to move an object with a given force... + work: wh…
the rate of converting energy or doing work, Thought of as en…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
Energy needed to move an object with a given force... + work: wh…
Power
the rate of converting energy or doing work, Thought of as en…
28 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is...
By momentum we mean...
Momentum in shorthand:
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
a property of moving things.
Inertia in motion.
Momentum =mv
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
Momentum is...
a property of moving things.
20 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 8 (Momentum)
Define momentum.
What usually is the changing factor wh…
Define the law of conservation of mome…
Define an isolated system
Mass times velocity
Velocity
the total momentum in a closed system (isolated system) remai…
1. no mass gets in or out... 2. no net external forces act on t…
Define momentum.
Mass times velocity
What usually is the changing factor wh…
Velocity
30 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Rotational Motion
Tangential speed
Rotational speed (sometimes called ang…
Rotational inertia (often called momen…
Torque
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
The property of an object that measures its resistance to any…
The product of force and lever-arm distance, which tends to p…
Tangential speed
The linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
Rotational speed (sometimes called ang…
The number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time; ofte…
23 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is...
By momentum we mean...
Momentum in shorthand:
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
a property of moving things.
Inertia in motion.
Momentum =mv
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
Momentum is...
a property of moving things.
28 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is...
By momentum we mean...
Momentum in shorthand:
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
a property of moving things.
Inertia in motion.
Momentum =mv
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
Momentum is...
a property of moving things.
28 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is...
By momentum we mean...
Momentum in shorthand:
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
a property of moving things.
Inertia in motion.
Momentum =mv
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…
Momentum is...
a property of moving things.
24 terms
Chapter 8 Momentum | Conceptual Physics
Momentum
A moving object can have a large momen…
True or False - If the momentum of a…
If a force is increased on an object,…
Inertia in motion; Mass x Velocity
Large Mass ; High Speed
True
It increases
Momentum
Inertia in motion; Mass x Velocity
A moving object can have a large momen…
Large Mass ; High Speed
10 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 8 Homework
If you toss a stick into the air, it a…
Where is the center of mass of a baseb…
If you hang at rest by your hands from…
Where is the center of mass of a hollo…
It will rotate about the center of mass
The center of mass and the center of gravity are both at the…
Somewhat right below where your hands grab the rope
In the center of the ball
If you toss a stick into the air, it a…
It will rotate about the center of mass
Where is the center of mass of a baseb…
The center of mass and the center of gravity are both at the…
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