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Study sets matching "chapter 8 physical geography"

30 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8
O ver the E N TIRE past 70 million yea…
Midlatitude deserts experience a _____…
The classification scheme of the ancie…
In an Af climate, what time of day is…
a global cooling
summer
in the 20th century
at mid afternoon
O ver the E N TIRE past 70 million yea…
a global cooling
Midlatitude deserts experience a _____…
summer
19 terms
Chapter 8 Physical Geography
Hunter-Gatherers
Irrigation
Hammurabi
Fertile Crescent
What humans did until they learned how to farm.... *rivers such…
A method of bringing water to dry lands.... *Turkey is generally…
Mesopotamian ruler responsible for a code of strict laws.
The area that is today Iraq, plus northeast Syria and part of…
Hunter-Gatherers
What humans did until they learned how to farm.... *rivers such…
Irrigation
A method of bringing water to dry lands.... *Turkey is generally…
27 terms
physical geography 2 chapter 8
weather
Meteorology
Air mass
convergent lifting
is the short term day to day condition of the atmosphere, con…
the scientific study of the atmosphere. They study the atmosp…
the mix of temperature, humidity, and stability that may exte…
Air flowing from different directions into the same low press…
weather
is the short term day to day condition of the atmosphere, con…
Meteorology
the scientific study of the atmosphere. They study the atmosp…
10 terms
Physical Geography (chapter 8)
The Köppen climatic classification sys…
the global pressure belt associated wi…
Most subtropical desert coincide with…
The dominant climatic control of tropi…
Temperature and precipitation
subtropical high
anticyclonic subsidence of air
latitudinal location
The Köppen climatic classification sys…
Temperature and precipitation
the global pressure belt associated wi…
subtropical high
18 terms
Chapter 8.1 LA Physical Geography
Cordilleras
Altiplano
Escarpment
Llanos
Mountain ranges that run parallel to one another.
High plain found in Peru and Bolivia
Steep slope separating a higher and lower land area
Grasslands of Colombia and Venezuela
Cordilleras
Mountain ranges that run parallel to one another.
Altiplano
High plain found in Peru and Bolivia
26 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8
Climates
Tropical Sub-Category Climates
Tropical Climates
Arid Sun-Category Climates
-Tropical ... -Arid ... -Humid Mesothermal (Mild Winters) Climates…
-Tropical Rainforest... -Tropical Monsoon ... -Tropical Savana
Tropical climates receive the most annual rainfall of all cli…
-Steepe... -Dessert
Climates
-Tropical ... -Arid ... -Humid Mesothermal (Mild Winters) Climates…
Tropical Sub-Category Climates
-Tropical Rainforest... -Tropical Monsoon ... -Tropical Savana
12 terms
Chapter 8: Physical Geography of Latin America
Cordillera
Altiplano
Escarpment
LLano
Several mountain ranges that run parallel to one another.
"High Plain."
A steep slope.
Grasslands of Colombia and Venezuela.
Cordillera
Several mountain ranges that run parallel to one another.
Altiplano
"High Plain."
Chapter 8 Physical Geography
Layer of the Earth
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Inner Core(Solid)... Outer Core(Liquid)... Mantle(Solid)... Crust(Solid)
760 miles thick... 5400-9000 F
1398 miles thick... >90% of earths magnetic field
1800 miles thick... 5100 near the core to about 3300 near the cr…
Layer of the Earth
Inner Core(Solid)... Outer Core(Liquid)... Mantle(Solid)... Crust(Solid)
Inner Core
760 miles thick... 5400-9000 F
55 terms
Chapter 8 Physical Geography
Colonialism
State shapes & examples
In what region of the world do we 1st…
Political unity in the Mediterranean w…
Effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory…
•compact: distance from the center to any boundary doesn't va…
Western Europe
Roman Empire
Colonialism
Effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory…
State shapes & examples
•compact: distance from the center to any boundary doesn't va…
38 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8
Endogenic
Exogenic
Geomorphology
Endogenic
Initial landscapes
Sequential landscapes
Study, classification, distribution, description, origin, dev…
Systems powered from deep within the Earth - radioactive deca…
Endogenic
Initial landscapes
Exogenic
Sequential landscapes
72 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8
geologic time scale
absolute time
relative time
scientific methods (radiometric dating)
summary timeline of all Earth history
actual number of years before present
sequence of events- what happened in what order
determine absolute age
geologic time scale
summary timeline of all Earth history
absolute time
actual number of years before present
8 terms
Physical Geography - Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Crust
Lithospheric plate
The spherical central mass of the Earth, composed largely of…
The rock layer of the Earth beneath the crust and surrounding…
The outermost solid layer of the earth composed largely of si…
A segment of lithosphere moving as a unit, sliding on top of…
Core
The spherical central mass of the Earth, composed largely of…
Mantle
The rock layer of the Earth beneath the crust and surrounding…
27 terms
Chapter 8 The Physical Geography of Latin America
grasslands
pampas
llanos
archipelagos
A biome dominated by grasses and associated herbaceous plants.
A grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay.
Fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela.
groups of islands.
grasslands
A biome dominated by grasses and associated herbaceous plants.
pampas
A grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay.
29 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8
mid latitude cyclone, 2000km wide, for…
thunderstorms, they form by moist and…
1. unequal warming of the earth... 2. ore…
from condensation of water vapor into…
what is the largest storm, how big is it, and where does it f…
what are the smallest type of storm and how do they form?
what processes can initiate vertical lifting?
how do cumulus clouds form
mid latitude cyclone, 2000km wide, for…
what is the largest storm, how big is it, and where does it f…
thunderstorms, they form by moist and…
what are the smallest type of storm and how do they form?
15 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8
Climate Change Science
Paleoclimatology
Proxy Method
Isotope Analysis
the interdisciplinary study of the causes and consequences of…
the science that studies the climates, and the causes of vari…
information about past environments that represent changes in…
a technique for long-term climatic reconstruction that uses t…
Climate Change Science
the interdisciplinary study of the causes and consequences of…
Paleoclimatology
the science that studies the climates, and the causes of vari…
26 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8
Geomorphology
Endogenic
Exogenic
Which era are we in now?
Study of the shape of Earth's features and how they change ov…
Internal processes (such as volcanic and tectonic activity)
External processes (weathering by wind and water)
Cenozoic
Geomorphology
Study of the shape of Earth's features and how they change ov…
Endogenic
Internal processes (such as volcanic and tectonic activity)
20 terms
Physical Geography 1114: Chapter 8 Review
Classification of air masses
Convergent Lifting
Convectional Lifting
Orographic Lifting
Moisture- "m" for maritime (wet) and "c" for continental (dry…
Air flows toward an area of low pressure... Low pressure center
Air above warmer surfaces is heated and rises... Warmer surfaces…
Occurs when air is forced to ascend upslope as it is pushed a…
Classification of air masses
Moisture- "m" for maritime (wet) and "c" for continental (dry…
Convergent Lifting
Air flows toward an area of low pressure... Low pressure center
30 terms
Chapter 8 Physical Geography
The use of tree rings to reconstruct p…
What is true about atmospheric Carbon…
Periodic changes in the Earth's eccent…
The IPCC Fifth Amendment Report conclu…
Dendroclimatology
CO2 concentrations surpassed 440 ppm in 2013, a level unprece…
Milankovich cycles
Humans have been the dominant cause of the observed warming s…
The use of tree rings to reconstruct p…
Dendroclimatology
What is true about atmospheric Carbon…
CO2 concentrations surpassed 440 ppm in 2013, a level unprece…
14 terms
chapter 8 physical geography
3 sub regions of Latin America
major mountains in mexico central amer…
why Latin america has a rugged landscape
things that have attracted settlers to…
middle america, the Caribbean and south america
mexico sierra madre ,central america central highlands and so…
caused by its location along the pacific ring of fire
the mountains cooler climates and rich natural
3 sub regions of Latin America
middle america, the Caribbean and south america
major mountains in mexico central amer…
mexico sierra madre ,central america central highlands and so…
10 terms
Physical Geography: Chapter 8
What data are used in the empirical Cl…
Who is the father of world climate cla…
What does the line graph and bar graph…
Can you differentiate Northern Hemisph…
Temperature and Precipitation
a guy called Koppen
line = temperature ... bar = precipitation
yeah, North is budges upward ↑ and South sticks out downward ↓
What data are used in the empirical Cl…
Temperature and Precipitation
Who is the father of world climate cla…
a guy called Koppen
20 terms
Chapter 8 Physical Geography of Europe
Landlock
Pass
Navigable
Fossil Fuel
Having no border with ocean or sea
Space people can use to tavel through a mountain range.
Reffering to a body of water wide and deeo enough for ships t…
Oil, natural gas, or coal, which are an important part of the…
Landlock
Having no border with ocean or sea
Pass
Space people can use to tavel through a mountain range.
45 terms
Physical Geography: Landforms Chapter 8
Crust
Depth of crust
Mohorovicic
Mantle
Outermost solid layer, part of the lithosphere
Thicker under continents
Located between the crust and the mantle
Layer beneath the crust, part of the lithosphere
Crust
Outermost solid layer, part of the lithosphere
Depth of crust
Thicker under continents
47 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8 Terms
Climatology
climate classification system
Thornthwaite system
potential evapotranspiration (potentia…
scientific study of climates on Earth and their distribution
a method for determining categories of climate types based on…
determines moisture availability. It is based on potential ev…
the use of water by plants if an unlimited water supply were…
Climatology
scientific study of climates on Earth and their distribution
climate classification system
a method for determining categories of climate types based on…
10 terms
Geography Chapter 8, Section 1 (Physical Features)
isthmus
Caribbean Sea
archipelago
Greater Antilles
Narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas.
Arm of the Atlantic Ocean between North & South America.
Large group of islands
Made up of four larger islands - Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, &…
isthmus
Narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas.
Caribbean Sea
Arm of the Atlantic Ocean between North & South America.
24 terms
Chapter 8: Physical Geography vocab
decolonization
expatriate populations
multicore state
shatterbelt
the movement of colonies gaining independence
citizens living outside of their borders
a state that has more than one dominant region in terms of ec…
a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-…
decolonization
the movement of colonies gaining independence
expatriate populations
citizens living outside of their borders
62 terms
APHUG Chapter 8 Physical Geography
capitalism
Centrifugal
centripetal
colonialism
economic model wherein people, corporations, and states produ…
forces that tend to divide a country- such as internal, relig…
forces that tend to unify a country- such as widespread commi…
rule by an autonomous power over a subordinate and alien peop…
capitalism
economic model wherein people, corporations, and states produ…
Centrifugal
forces that tend to divide a country- such as internal, relig…
18 terms
Chapter 8: The Physical Geography of Latin America
Middle America
The Carribean
cordilleras
altiplano
Mexico & 7 countries that make up Central America
The Bahamas, The Greater Antilles, and The Lesser Antilles
parallel ranges of mountains (corduroy)
"high plane" (Patagonia)
Middle America
Mexico & 7 countries that make up Central America
The Carribean
The Bahamas, The Greater Antilles, and The Lesser Antilles
10 terms
Geography Chapter 8, Section 1 (Physical Features)
isthmus
Caribbean Sea
archipelago
Greater Antilles
Narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas.
Arm of the Atlantic Ocean between North & South America.
Large group of islands
Made up of four larger islands - Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, &…
isthmus
Narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas.
Caribbean Sea
Arm of the Atlantic Ocean between North & South America.
12 terms
Chapter 8 - The Physical Geography of Latin America
Cordillera
Altiplano
Escarpment
Llano
mountain range that runs parallel to another
spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle…
steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface
fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela
Cordillera
mountain range that runs parallel to another
Altiplano
spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle…
15 terms
Chapter 8 - Latin American Physical Geography
Andes
cordilleras
altiplano
Amazon River
Longest mountain chain in the world, located along west coast…
several mountain ranges that run parallel to each other
"high plain" in Bolivia and Peru
4,000 miles long, this is the largest river in the world, the…
Andes
Longest mountain chain in the world, located along west coast…
cordilleras
several mountain ranges that run parallel to each other
13 terms
Physical Geography (Lecture) Chapter 8
climate classification
major climate sones of the world
the Köppen classification system
Modified Köppen system
-the purpose: to understand distribution of climates, to comp…
-1: equatorial wamr wet... -2: tropical hot dry... -3: subtropical…
-empiracal system: has a numerical basis (needs only 2 number…
- 5 major climate groups (groups a, b, c, d, and e) with 14 c…
climate classification
-the purpose: to understand distribution of climates, to comp…
major climate sones of the world
-1: equatorial wamr wet... -2: tropical hot dry... -3: subtropical…
15 terms
Geography - Chapter 8
terrorism
global network
coalition
biological weapons
Deliberate use of random violence, especially against civilia…
A worldwide interconnected group
partnership; league; union; alliance
so-called germ warfare; the use of bacteria, viruses, and par…
terrorism
Deliberate use of random violence, especially against civilia…
global network
A worldwide interconnected group
Chapter 8: The Physical Geography of Latin America VOCAB
cordillera
altiplano
escarpment
llano
parallel chains of ranges of mountains
Spanish for "high plain", a region in Peru and Bolivia encirc…
steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface
inland area of Colombia and Venezuela that hold vast grasslands
cordillera
parallel chains of ranges of mountains
altiplano
Spanish for "high plain", a region in Peru and Bolivia encirc…
39 terms
Physical Geography: Earth Revealed Chapter 8
actualism
angular unconformity
Archean Eon
Cenozoic Era
the same processes and natural laws that operated in the past…
a contact in which younger strata overlie an erosion surface…
subdivision of the Precambrian
we live in this era meaning new life
actualism
the same processes and natural laws that operated in the past…
angular unconformity
a contact in which younger strata overlie an erosion surface…
34 terms
Physical Geography Unit 2- Chapter 8
Weather
Meteorology
Air mass
Convergent Lifting
The short-term condition of the atmosphere
The scientific study of the atmosphere
A regional volume of air that is homogenous in humidity, stab…
Air flows toward an area of lower pressure; low pressure cent…
Weather
The short-term condition of the atmosphere
Meteorology
The scientific study of the atmosphere
34 terms
Chapter 8- The Physical Geography of Latin America
Middle America
Caribbean Islands
South America
Ring of Fire
Mexico and 7 countries of Central America.
(West Indies) Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles
Thirteen countries and one territory.
An area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large numbe…
Middle America
Mexico and 7 countries of Central America.
Caribbean Islands
(West Indies) Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles
12 terms
Chapter 8 - The Physical Geography of Latin America
Cordillera
Altiplano
Escarpment
Llano
mountain range that runs parallel to another
spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle…
steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface
fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela
Cordillera
mountain range that runs parallel to another
Altiplano
spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle…
16 terms
Physical Geography -- Chapter 8 -- Climate Change
The use of tree rings to reconstruct p…
Periodic changes in the Earth's eccent…
The IPCC Fifth Assessment Report concl…
Both ice core and ocean sediment core…
dendroclimatology
Milankovitch cycles
humans
oxygen isotope analysis
The use of tree rings to reconstruct p…
dendroclimatology
Periodic changes in the Earth's eccent…
Milankovitch cycles
39 terms
Physical Geography: Earth Revealed Chapter 8
actualism
angular unconformity
Archean Eon
Cenozoic Era
the same processes and natural laws that operated in the past…
a contact in which younger strata overlie an erosion surface…
subdivision of the Precambrian
we live in this era meaning new life
actualism
the same processes and natural laws that operated in the past…
angular unconformity
a contact in which younger strata overlie an erosion surface…
65 terms
Chapter 8: Political Geography
Political Geography
Geopolitics
Nation
State
the spatial study of the organization and distribution of pol…
the study of the influence of such factors as geography, econ…
a group of people with unifying cultural characteristics and…
this is an area organized into a political unit and ruled by…
Political Geography
the spatial study of the organization and distribution of pol…
Geopolitics
the study of the influence of such factors as geography, econ…
Discovering World Geography Chapter 8 Lesson 1 Physical Geography of Brazil
tributary
basin
rain forest
canopy
A small river that flows into a larger river.
An area of land that is drained by a river and its tributaries.
A dense stand of tress and other vegetation that receives a g…
The umbrella-like covering formed by the tops of trees in a r…
tributary
A small river that flows into a larger river.
basin
An area of land that is drained by a river and its tributaries.
Discovering World Geography Chapter 8 Lesson 1 Physical Geography of Brazil
tributary
basin
rain forest
canopy
A small river that flows into a larger river.
An area of land that is drained by a river and its tributaries.
A dense stand of tress and other vegetation that receives a g…
The umbrella-like covering formed by the tops of trees in a r…
tributary
A small river that flows into a larger river.
basin
An area of land that is drained by a river and its tributaries.
15 terms
Chapter 8: The physical geography of Latin Americas
The Amazon River
Latin America
Middle, Caribbean, and South America
Sierra Madre, Central Highlands, and A…
Is the world's second longest river
The region was settled by Europeans who spoke Spanish or Port…
Latin America divided into three areas
The mountains of Latin America
The Amazon River
Is the world's second longest river
Latin America
The region was settled by Europeans who spoke Spanish or Port…
12 terms
Chapter 8 - The Physical Geography of Latin America
Cordillera
Altiplano
Escarpment
Llano
mountain range that runs parallel to another
spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle…
steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface
fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela
Cordillera
mountain range that runs parallel to another
Altiplano
spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle…
13 terms
Geography Alive! Chapter 8
Emigrate
Immigrate
Migration Stream
Pull Factor
To move away from a country.
To move to into a country.
The constant flow of immigrants from one place to another.
Something that encourages people to move to a new place.
Emigrate
To move away from a country.
Immigrate
To move to into a country.
66 terms
Chapter 8: Political Geography
Self-Determination
Colony
Antarctica
Treaty of Antarctica
The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themsel…
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather…
It is the largest land mass in the world not part of a sovere…
Signed in 1959 provides legal framework for managing Antarcti…
Self-Determination
The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themsel…
Colony
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather…
33 terms
Political Geography: Chapter 8
state
nation
nation-state
democracy
area with its own government and legislature and control over…
refers to a group of people with a common culture living in a…
When a nation and a state occupy the same territory.
government in which citizens hold political power either dire…
state
area with its own government and legislature and control over…
nation
refers to a group of people with a common culture living in a…
11 terms
Geography Alive Chapter 8
Emigrate
Immigrate
Migration Stream
Pull Factor
To move away from a country.
To move to into a country.
The constant flow of immigrants from one place to another.
Something that encourages people to move to a new place.
Emigrate
To move away from a country.
Immigrate
To move to into a country.
9 terms
Geography-Chapter 8
Altiplano
Escarpment
Llanos
Pampas
Spanish for "high plain" a region in Peru and Bolivia encircl…
Steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface
Fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela
Grassy, treeless plains of south South America
Altiplano
Spanish for "high plain" a region in Peru and Bolivia encircl…
Escarpment
Steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface
19 terms
Physical Geography Chapter 8/Importance of Water/Lessons 24, 25, & 26
mouth
headwaters (source)
continental divide
Appalachian Mountains
the end of a river where it empties into a larger body of water
the beginning of a river
mountain ridge that separates river systems flowing in opposi…
the mountain range in the eastern part of North America
mouth
the end of a river where it empties into a larger body of water
headwaters (source)
the beginning of a river
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