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Study sets matching "chapter 8 terms american"

45 terms
Chapter 8: Reforming American Society
Second Great Awakening
revival
Charles Grandison Finney
Ralph Waldo Emmerson
Widespread spiritual movement
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
An important preacher in the revivalist movement
Leading transcendental philosopher
Second Great Awakening
Widespread spiritual movement
revival
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
16 terms
American Government: Chapter 8 - Terms
terms
continuous body
apportioned
reapportioned
the length of time persons serve in office
name for the Senate because a portion of its members retain t…
distributed
redistributed
terms
the length of time persons serve in office
continuous body
name for the Senate because a portion of its members retain t…
28 terms
American history I - Chapter 8
Second Great Awakening
Charles Grandison Finney
Ralph Waldo Emerson
transcendentalism
A 19th century religious movement in which individual respons…
An evangelist who was one of the greatest preachers of all ti…
American transcendentalist who was against slavery and stress…
A philosophical and literary movement of the 1800s which emph…
Second Great Awakening
A 19th century religious movement in which individual respons…
Charles Grandison Finney
An evangelist who was one of the greatest preachers of all ti…
6 terms
American History Chapter 8!!
popular sovereignty
secession
transcontinental railroad
referendum
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Formal withdrawal of states or regions from a nation
Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern…
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters…
popular sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
secession
Formal withdrawal of states or regions from a nation
35 terms
Chapter 8 Review - American Anthem
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
Reform Era
Temperance Movement
Charles Grandison Finney is known as the 'Father of Modern Re…
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival…
A. Women's rights. B. Temperance. C. Education. D. Tr…
The temperance movement was an attempt to eliminate the evils…
Charles Grandison Finney
Charles Grandison Finney is known as the 'Father of Modern Re…
Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival…
52 terms
Modern American Chapter 8
Florence Kelley
Upton Sinclair
Margret Sanger
Jane Adams
believed that women were by the unfair prices of goods they h…
exposed the meat industry and wrote about how unsanitary it w…
nurse who believed that family life and women's health would…
became a leading figure in the settlement house movement; ope…
Florence Kelley
believed that women were by the unfair prices of goods they h…
Upton Sinclair
exposed the meat industry and wrote about how unsanitary it w…
33 terms
American Anthem--Chapter 8
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Kaiser Wilhelm II
militarism
Triple Alliance
Crowned Prince of the Austro-Hungarian empire assassinated in…
King of the German Empire
the policy of military preparedness and building up of weapon…
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Crowned Prince of the Austro-Hungarian empire assassinated in…
Kaiser Wilhelm II
King of the German Empire
27 terms
American Anthem--Chapter 8
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Kaiser Wilhelm II
militarism
Triple Alliance
Crowned Prince of the Austro-Hungarian empire assassinated in…
King of the German Empire
the policy of military preparedness and building up of weapon…
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Crowned Prince of the Austro-Hungarian empire assassinated in…
Kaiser Wilhelm II
King of the German Empire
8 terms
Chapter 8 American History Vocabulary
Great White Fleet
Roosevelt Corollary
Sphere of Influence
Imperialism
A force of United States Navy ships that undertook a world cr…
extension of the Monroe Doctrine in which the right of the Un…
Area of economic and political control exerted by one nation…
Policy by a stronger nation to create an empire by dominating…
Great White Fleet
A force of United States Navy ships that undertook a world cr…
Roosevelt Corollary
extension of the Monroe Doctrine in which the right of the Un…
35 terms
Chapter 8: American Imperialism
Spanish-American War
Cuba
Jose Martí
Ostend Manifesto
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
Led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 th…
Was a secret document written by American diplomats in 1854 a…
Spanish-American War
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
Cuba
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
23 terms
American Ways Chapter 8
accomodate
discrimination
federal
inclined
to help, to make a situation better for someone
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of…
national government
willing to
accomodate
to help, to make a situation better for someone
discrimination
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of…
15 terms
Magruders American Government Chapter 8
Public affairs
Public opinion
Mass media
Peer group
Politics, public issues, and the making of public policies -t…
The attitudes held by a significant number of people on matte…
Means of communication that reach large, widely dispersed aud…
Made up of people whom one regularly associates, including fr…
Public affairs
Politics, public issues, and the making of public policies -t…
Public opinion
The attitudes held by a significant number of people on matte…
29 terms
American Ways Chapter 8
integrate
eliminating
political bosses
abolish
combining different groups of people or things
Removing, doing away with something
people who helped immigrants find employment, food, and housi…
to get rid of a law or legislation
integrate
combining different groups of people or things
eliminating
Removing, doing away with something
28 terms
Chapter 8: American Imperialism
Spanish-American War
Cuba
Yellow Journalism
William Randolph Hearst
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news t…
Newspaper editor in New York City who grew competitive and em…
Spanish-American War
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
Cuba
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
23 terms
The American Vision Chapter 8 Terms
popular sovereignty
secession
transcontinental railroad
Wilmot Proviso
Before the Civil War, the idea that people living in a territ…
Withdrawal from the Union
A railway system extended across the continent
An amendment proposed to a war appropriations bill by Represe…
popular sovereignty
Before the Civil War, the idea that people living in a territ…
secession
Withdrawal from the Union
14 terms
Chapter 8 The American Revolution
Townshend Acts
tariff
Stamp Act
repeal
laws calling for a tax on imported goods
a tax on imported goods
law that placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies
to cancel
Townshend Acts
laws calling for a tax on imported goods
tariff
a tax on imported goods
13 terms
Chapter 8--The American Vision
Muckraker
Seneca Falls Convention
Suffrage
19th Amendment
Crusading Journalists who were some of the first people to po…
Place where the women's movement had its beginning
The Right to vote
Gave women the right to vote
Muckraker
Crusading Journalists who were some of the first people to po…
Seneca Falls Convention
Place where the women's movement had its beginning
35 terms
Chapter 8: American Imperialism
Spanish-American War
Cuba
Jose Martí
Ostend Manifesto
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
Led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 th…
Was a secret document written by American diplomats in 1854 a…
Spanish-American War
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
Cuba
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
33 terms
Chapter 8: "The American Revolution"
Drafted by the Second Continental Cong…
Written by Thomas Paine. Extremely pop…
3,000 Miles from home... Months of travel…
An armed private ship, these made up t…
The Declaration of Independence
Common Sense
British Disadvantages
Privateer
Drafted by the Second Continental Cong…
The Declaration of Independence
Written by Thomas Paine. Extremely pop…
Common Sense
35 terms
Chapter 8 Review - American Anthem
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
Reform Era
Temperance Movement
Charles Grandison Finney is known as the 'Father of Modern Re…
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival…
A. Women's rights. B. Temperance. C. Education. D. Tr…
The temperance movement was an attempt to eliminate the evils…
Charles Grandison Finney
Charles Grandison Finney is known as the 'Father of Modern Re…
Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival…
21 terms
American History Chapter 8 terms Civil War
Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
Fort Sumter
Border States
A republic formed in February of 1861 and composed of the ele…
An American statesman and politician who served as President…
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the…
States bordering the North: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and…
Confederate States of America
A republic formed in February of 1861 and composed of the ele…
Jefferson Davis
An American statesman and politician who served as President…
31 terms
American Government Chapter 8
Bipartisan
Caucus
Coalition
Conservative, Conservatism
Two major parties working together to support an issue (Ch. 8)
(1) Historically, a small meeting of a political party's top…
A temporary alliance of several groups (Ch. 8, 11)
A political philosophy that defends against major changes by…
Bipartisan
Two major parties working together to support an issue (Ch. 8)
Caucus
(1) Historically, a small meeting of a political party's top…
28 terms
American history I - The Americans Chapter 8
Second Great Awakening
Charles Grandison Finney
Ralph Waldo Emerson
transcendentalism
A 19th century religious movement in which individual respons…
An evangelist who was one of the greatest preachers of all ti…
American transcendentalist who was against slavery and stress…
A philosophical and literary movement of the 1800s which emph…
Second Great Awakening
A 19th century religious movement in which individual respons…
Charles Grandison Finney
An evangelist who was one of the greatest preachers of all ti…
35 terms
Chapter 8: American Imperialism
Spanish-American War
Cuba
Jose Martí
Ostend Manifesto
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
Led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 th…
Was a secret document written by American diplomats in 1854 a…
Spanish-American War
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
Cuba
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
31 terms
The American Chapter 8: Reforming American Society
Second Great Awakening
revival
Charles Grandison Finney
Ralph Waldo Emerson
widespread spiritual movement
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
an important preacher in the revivalist movement
leading transcendental philosopher
Second Great Awakening
widespread spiritual movement
revival
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
24 terms
American Nation Chapter 8
Preamble
justice
domestic tranquility
Liberty
The opening statement of the Constitution.
Fairness
Peace at home.
Freedom to live as you please, as long as you obey the laws a…
Preamble
The opening statement of the Constitution.
justice
Fairness
60 terms
American Red Cross Lifeguarding: Chapter 8
(pg. 159) Permanent Brain Damage can o…
Hypoxia (pg. 160)
(pg. 160) Hypoxia may result from...
Signs of Hypoxia (pg. 160)
4-6 Minutes after submersion
is a condition in which insufficient oxygen reaches the cells
obstructed airway, shock, inadequate breathing, drowning, str…
-increased breathing and heart rates... -cyanosis (a condition t…
(pg. 159) Permanent Brain Damage can o…
4-6 Minutes after submersion
Hypoxia (pg. 160)
is a condition in which insufficient oxygen reaches the cells
14 terms
Chapter 8 terms (American history)
Louis Sullivan
Daniel Burnham
Fredrick Law Olmsted
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Designed the ten-story Wainwright Building in St. Louis
Designed the Flatiron Building in New York
Designed "Greensward" which was selected,to be Central Park i…
Designed and created the first airplane
Louis Sullivan
Designed the ten-story Wainwright Building in St. Louis
Daniel Burnham
Designed the Flatiron Building in New York
American History / Chapter 8 / Jacksonian America
Spoils System
President Andrew Jackson
John C. Calhoun
Nullification
The practice of appointing people to government jobs on the b…
Wins presidential election of 1828
Vice President/ a strong proponent of nullification
Idea that states have the right to declare a federal law null…
Spoils System
The practice of appointing people to government jobs on the b…
President Andrew Jackson
Wins presidential election of 1828
17 terms
American Lit Chapter 8
agape
conciliatory
beguile
floundering
adj. wide open; openmouthed
v. to soothe anger
v. trick
n. awkward struggling
agape
adj. wide open; openmouthed
conciliatory
v. to soothe anger
30 terms
Chapter 8 of American History (2)
reject
avow
common
sense
vt. 拒绝,抵制
v.公开宣布
a.共同的
n.感觉
reject
vt. 拒绝,抵制
avow
v.公开宣布
15 terms
American Politics Chapter 8 Terms
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA)
McConnell v. F.E.C.
Suffrage
Voter Turnout
Commonly known as McCain-Feingold, the 2002 BCRA was the firs…
The supreme Court upheld all major elements of the Bipartisan…
Another term for the legal right to vote.
That portion of the voting-age population that actually turns…
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA)
Commonly known as McCain-Feingold, the 2002 BCRA was the firs…
McConnell v. F.E.C.
The supreme Court upheld all major elements of the Bipartisan…
21 terms
American Government & Citizenship, Chapter 8, Judicial Branch
Circuit
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
The area of jurisdiction for a federal court.
An area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases.
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
Circuit
The area of jurisdiction for a federal court.
Jurisdiction
An area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
18 terms
American History-Chapter 8
Changes in Public Education around 1900
Howard, Atlanta, and Fisk Universities
Disparities in education
Booker T. Washington
Increased attendance, growth of high schools, development of…
Colleges specifically for African Amerians who were excluded…
White students attended better schools in much higher numbers…
A prominent African American educator who believed that racis…
Changes in Public Education around 1900
Increased attendance, growth of high schools, development of…
Howard, Atlanta, and Fisk Universities
Colleges specifically for African Amerians who were excluded…
29 terms
American Government Chapter 8 Terms
Dealignment
Democratic Party
Divided Government
Electoral College
Weakening of partisan preferences that points to a rejection…
One of the two major U.S political party;founded in 1828 by A…
Governance divided between the parties, as when one holds the…
A group of people named by each state legislature to select t…
Dealignment
Weakening of partisan preferences that points to a rejection…
Democratic Party
One of the two major U.S political party;founded in 1828 by A…
25 terms
Chapter 8 North American Peples
Hohokam
pit house
Hohokam
south-central Arizona
This tribe was known as the "vanished ones".
Hohokam house
What tribe developed the process of etching?
The Hohokam lived in present-day ________.
Hohokam
This tribe was known as the "vanished ones".
pit house
Hohokam house
25 terms
Bob Jones American Republic Chapter 8
separation of powers
checks and balances
federal system
Preamble
the powers that the government has are divided among three br…
keeps each of the three branches of government from going bey…
divides the powers of government between those given to the n…
introduces the Constitution
separation of powers
the powers that the government has are divided among three br…
checks and balances
keeps each of the three branches of government from going bey…
37 terms
Chapter 8-The American Nation (key terms)
preamble
domestic tranquility
civilian
general welfare
opening statement (of the Constitution)
peace and order at home
nonmilitary
well-being (of citizens)
preamble
opening statement (of the Constitution)
domestic tranquility
peace and order at home
30 terms
Chapter 8 of American History (1)
struggle
subject
appoint
patriot
n.斗争.抗争
adj. 服从的,支配的
v.任命
n. 爱国者
struggle
n.斗争.抗争
subject
adj. 服从的,支配的
25 terms
American Ways: Chapter 8
Assimilation
Assassination
Civil Rights
Victim
the process of adapting to the culture of a group or nation
the murder of an important person
rights that every person should have
someone who suffers bad treatment
Assimilation
the process of adapting to the culture of a group or nation
Assassination
the murder of an important person
18 terms
American Ways Chapter 8
accomodate
discrimination
federal
inclined
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of…
A sharing of power between local government and a strong cent…
disposed; willing
accomodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt
discrimination
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of…
American History 1 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
Reform Era
temperance movement
American clergyman and educator; he became influential in the…
Period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and be…
Period during which thousands of Americans sought to reshape…
Social reform effort begun in the mid-1800s to encourage peop…
Charles Grandison Finney
American clergyman and educator; he became influential in the…
Second Great Awakening
Period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and be…
35 terms
Chapter 8: American Imperialism
Spanish-American War
Cuba
Jose Martí
Ostend Manifesto
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
Led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 th…
Was a secret document written by American diplomats in 1854 a…
Spanish-American War
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
Cuba
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
29 terms
Chapter 8 Terms - American Gov
Bicameral
Census
Reapportionment
Gerrymandering
Legislative branch of the national government or of state gov…
Official government count of the USA population taken every 1…
The process of redrawing the boundaries of congressional dist…
The redrawing of district boundaries to favor a particular pa…
Bicameral
Legislative branch of the national government or of state gov…
Census
Official government count of the USA population taken every 1…
20 terms
American History - Chapter 8
Republic
Federalists
Equal
Checks and Balances
Type of government with elected representatives.
Those in favor of the ratification of the Constitution.
Under the Articles of Confederation, each state had __ repres…
This allows each branch to limit the power of the other two b…
Republic
Type of government with elected representatives.
Federalists
Those in favor of the ratification of the Constitution.
25 terms
LZMSN Chapter 8: American Imperialism
Spanish-American War
Cuba
Yellow Journalism
Humanitarian
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news t…
Concerned with or seeking to promote people's welfare.
Spanish-American War
A war between Spain and the United States fought in 1898. The…
Cuba
An Island south of the US that is brutally crushed by Spanish…
31 terms
The American Journey Chapter 8
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Alexander Hamilton
Edmund Randolph
1st Vice-President
1st Secretary of State; leader of the Democratic-Republicans
1st Secretary of Treasury; leader of the Federalists.
1st Attorney General
John Adams
1st Vice-President
Thomas Jefferson
1st Secretary of State; leader of the Democratic-Republicans
16 terms
Chapter 8: Reforming American Society
strike
Sojourner Truth
Fredrick Douglas
Fredrick Douglas
workers refuse to work because they want to force their emplo…
a freed slave who joined the fight for women's rights as well…
Born into slavery, he was a great writer and speaker; believe…
first worked with William Lloyd Garrison, but stopped because…
strike
workers refuse to work because they want to force their emplo…
Sojourner Truth
a freed slave who joined the fight for women's rights as well…
37 terms
American History Chapter 8 Review
Zebulon Pike
Battle of New Orleans
Battle of Lake Erie
Tecumseh
Army officer who outlined Louisiana Territory's western borde…
last major conflict of the War of 1812 and actually happened…
A sea battle won by the U.S. under Oliver Hazard Perry
Shawnee Indian leader who warned that settlers wanted their l…
Zebulon Pike
Army officer who outlined Louisiana Territory's western borde…
Battle of New Orleans
last major conflict of the War of 1812 and actually happened…
15 terms
Chapter 8 American Nation
appeal
appellate courts
Cabinet
cases that can originate in Supreme Co…
ask a decision to be reviewed by a higher court
13 courts, hear appeals, panel of 3 judges, may reverse or ov…
16, heads of executive departments are called secretaries... Sta…
only two kinds, disputes between states and cases about forei…
appeal
ask a decision to be reviewed by a higher court
appellate courts
13 courts, hear appeals, panel of 3 judges, may reverse or ov…
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