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Study sets matching "chapter 8 terms anatomy physiology"

39 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 8
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/DIAPHYSIS (SHA…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/MEDULLARY CAVITY
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
HOLLOW TUBE OF HARD COMPACT BONE
HOLLOW SPACE INSIDE THE DIAPHYSIS THAT CONTAINS YELLOW MARROW
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8 terms
Alopecia
Apocrine
Avascular
Carotene
Absence of hair
Sweat glands found in the pubic and axillary regions opens in…
Without blood vessels
Yellow pigment found in plant and animal tissue. Vitamin A
Alopecia
Absence of hair
Apocrine
Sweat glands found in the pubic and axillary regions opens in…
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Terms - Chapter 8
autonomic nervous system - ANS
leaflet
lumen
regurgitation
Portion of the nervous system that regulates involuntary acti…
Flat, leaf-shaped structure that comprises the valves of the…
Tubular space or channel within an organ or structure of the…
Backflow or ejecting of contents through an opening
autonomic nervous system - ANS
Portion of the nervous system that regulates involuntary acti…
leaflet
Flat, leaf-shaped structure that comprises the valves of the…
237 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
what is the axial skeleton
what is the appendicular skeleton
what are the sesamoid bones
what are sutural bones
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
bones that form within some tendons in response to strain. Pa…
having extra bones, another reason for adult variation, also…
what is the axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
what is the appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic
Lumbar Vertebrae
3 Classes of Joints by Freedom of Move…
(7)-body is oval (wider from side to side), spinous process i…
(12)-body is roughly heart shaped and bears two small facets,…
(5)-pedicles and laminae are shorter and thicker than those o…
diarthroses (freely movable), amphiarthroses (slightly movabl…
Cervical Vertebrae
(7)-body is oval (wider from side to side), spinous process i…
Thoracic
(12)-body is roughly heart shaped and bears two small facets,…
90 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8: Joints
Joints functions
Joints structural classificatication
Fibrous joints
Cartilaginous joints
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
-dense connective tissues connect bones... -between bones in clo…
hyaline cartilage or fibricartilage connect bones
Joints functions
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
Joints structural classificatication
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 8
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricle(s)
Pulmonary Veins
Myocardium
The "rooms" at the top of the heart
The "rooms" at the bottom of the heart
Veins that carry blood from the lungs to the heart
The heart muscle
Atria (Atrium)
The "rooms" at the top of the heart
Ventricle(s)
The "rooms" at the bottom of the heart
59 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
By Motion or By Connecting Material
Synarthrotic
Amphiarthrotic
Diarthrotic
How are joints classified?
This type of joint is immovable.
This type of joint is slightly movable.
This type of joint moves freely.
By Motion or By Connecting Material
How are joints classified?
Synarthrotic
This type of joint is immovable.
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
tendons
insertion
origin
aponeuroses
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
pulled toward its less movable attachment
flattened sheetlike tendons
tendons
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
insertion
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Key Terms
Autonomic Nervous Sysyem
Axon
Central Nervous System
Dendrite
The portion of the nervous system that is involved in subcons…
A neruonal process that carries nerve impulses away from the…
The portion of the nervous system composed of the brain and s…
A neuronal process that carries impulses toward the cell body…
Autonomic Nervous Sysyem
The portion of the nervous system that is involved in subcons…
Axon
A neruonal process that carries nerve impulses away from the…
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Autonomic Nervous System
Axon
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Dendrite
The involuntary portion of the nervous system that is involve…
Neuron process that carries impulses AWAY from the cell body.
The portion of the nervous system composed of the brain and s…
A neuron that carries impulses TOWARDS the cell body.
Autonomic Nervous System
The involuntary portion of the nervous system that is involve…
Axon
Neuron process that carries impulses AWAY from the cell body.
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
number of bones in typical adult skele…
number of bone at birth
forms the central supporting axis of the body... -skull, auditor…
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle, and…
206... -varies with development of sesamoid bones and presence o…
270 (decreases with fusion)
axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body... -skull, auditor…
appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle, and…
129 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Face
Arm (shoulder)
Forearm/Elbow
Wrist
Orbicularis oculi-Eye closing... Orbicularis oris-Mouth closing…
Coracobrachialis-flexors (lifts arms straight up) ... Deltoid-A…
Biceps brachii-Flexors (up)... Triceps brachii-Extensors (arm s…
Flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris-flexors (down)... E…
Face
Orbicularis oculi-Eye closing... Orbicularis oris-Mouth closing…
Arm (shoulder)
Coracobrachialis-flexors (lifts arms straight up) ... Deltoid-A…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Function
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Compact Bone
supports body weight, stores important minerals
Contains Skull, Hyoid, Vertebral Column, Thoracic cage
Contains pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower l…
Dense, hard tissue composed of osteons. Also shafts of long b…
Function
supports body weight, stores important minerals
Axial Skeleton
Contains Skull, Hyoid, Vertebral Column, Thoracic cage
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
The appendicular skeleton in primarily…
Appendicular skeleton in the _________…
Pectoral Girdle
PECTORAL GIRDLE... Clavicle
Movement
Appendages
Includes clavicle and scapula
s-shaped... Medial end articulates with manubrium of sternum... Lat…
The appendicular skeleton in primarily…
Movement
Appendicular skeleton in the _________…
Appendages
41 terms
holes anatomy and physiology chapter 8
frontalis
occipitalis
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
raises eyebrows
chewing muscles
together they flex the head forward
frontalis
raises eyebrows
occipitalis
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Tissue
Matrix
Cells that connect body parts
cells that line body organs
A group of similar cells that perform a common functions
non-living intercellular material (could be liquid, solid, et…
-fibroblasts... -Erythrocyte (red blood cells)
-epithelial cells
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform a common functions
Matrix
non-living intercellular material (could be liquid, solid, et…
37 terms
Anatomy and physiology: Chapter 8 Terms
Articulation
Functions of joints
Two classifications of Joints
Structural
Site where 2 or more bones meet
-give skeleton mobility ... -hold skeleton together
-functional ... -structural
based on material binding of bones/absence of joint cavity... -f…
Articulation
Site where 2 or more bones meet
Functions of joints
-give skeleton mobility ... -hold skeleton together
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8 terms
a
af
arachne
astro
without
to
spider
star
a
without
af
to
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Joints
suture
fibrous joints
bursae
tendon sheath
occur only between bones of the skull
joined by collagen fibers, most are non moveable
flattened fibrous sacs lined with synovial membrane. occur wh…
elongated bursae that wraps completely around a tendon subjec…
suture
occur only between bones of the skull
fibrous joints
joined by collagen fibers, most are non moveable
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Actin
Agonist
Antagonists
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Muscle responsible for a particular body movements
A muscle that opposes a prime mover
Actin
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Agonist
Muscle responsible for a particular body movements
41 terms
holes anatomy and physiology chapter 8
frontalis
occipitalis
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
raises eyebrows
chewing muscles
together they flex the head forward
frontalis
raises eyebrows
occipitalis
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 8
Articulation
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
a joint; the point where two bones come together
immovable joints
slightly movable joints
freely moveable joints
Articulation
a joint; the point where two bones come together
Synarthroses
immovable joints
18 terms
Chapter 8: anatomy and physiology terms
auricle
audation
external auditory canal
labyrinth
the external appendages on the sides of the head that are com…
the process of hearing
the skin-lined tube extending from the auricle to the eardrum
a series of fluid-filled channels within the mastoid process…
auricle
the external appendages on the sides of the head that are com…
audation
the process of hearing
38 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 8
Structural classification of joint
Functional classification of joint
Fibrous joints
Sutures
Focuses on the material binding the bones together (fibrous j…
Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint (synarth…
Bones that are joined by fibrous tissue, namely dense fibrous…
Literally "seams" occur only between bones of hte skull. Join…
Structural classification of joint
Focuses on the material binding the bones together (fibrous j…
Functional classification of joint
Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint (synarth…
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
joint
synarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
diarthrotic
Places where bones join together
Non - movable
Slightly movable
Freely Movable
joint
Places where bones join together
synarthrotic
Non - movable
61 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Joints
Articulation
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Articulations; the weakest parts of skeletons.... Gives the skel…
Site where two or more bones meet.
Immovable joint.
Slightly movable joint.
Joints
Articulations; the weakest parts of skeletons.... Gives the skel…
Articulation
Site where two or more bones meet.
52 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy Physiology
Diarthroses
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Fibrous Joint Classifications
Freely moveable joint.
Immovable joint
Slightly moveable joint
Suture, Syndesmosis, Gomphosis
Diarthroses
Freely moveable joint.
Synarthrosis
Immovable joint
43 terms
Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 8
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Twitch
Norepinephrine
Sarcomere
Membranous network of channels and tubules within a muscle fi…
Brief Muscular Contraction followed by relaxation
Neurotransmitter released from axons of some nerve fibers
Structual and Functional unit of a myofibril
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Membranous network of channels and tubules within a muscle fi…
Twitch
Brief Muscular Contraction followed by relaxation
39 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Terms
Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral Girdle
Clavicle
Scapulae
126 bones; includes the bones of the limbs and supporting "gi…
aka: Shoulder; includes the Scapula and Clavicle
Only direct connection with the axial skeleton; Relatively we…
aka: Shoulder Blade; Articulates with the humerus at the glen…
Appendicular Skeleton
126 bones; includes the bones of the limbs and supporting "gi…
Pectoral Girdle
aka: Shoulder; includes the Scapula and Clavicle
54 terms
CP Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 8
Neuroglia
Neurons
Dendrites
Axon
the most common cells in the nervous system; assist protect a…
excitable cells that communicate information about the body a…
carry information towards the cell body
carry away information from the cell body typically larger+lo…
Neuroglia
the most common cells in the nervous system; assist protect a…
Neurons
excitable cells that communicate information about the body a…
80 terms
Chapter 8-Anatomy and Physiology
Conjunctiva
lacrimal glands
two parts of the fibrous layer
lens
-membrane that lines the eyelids... -connects to outer surface o…
gland; produces lacrimal fluid... canaliculi; drain fluid medial…
sclera; white of eye... cornea; transparent (doesn't reject tran…
biconvex crystal-like structure... held in place by a suspensory…
Conjunctiva
-membrane that lines the eyelids... -connects to outer surface o…
lacrimal glands
gland; produces lacrimal fluid... canaliculi; drain fluid medial…
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Fascia
Aponeurosis
Myofibrils
Myosin
A sheet of fibrous connective tissue that encloses a muscle.
A sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscle.
Contractile fibers in muscle fibers.
A protein that, with actin, contracts muscle fibers.
Fascia
A sheet of fibrous connective tissue that encloses a muscle.
Aponeurosis
A sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscle.
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
What is a joint?
What are the basic functions of all jo…
How do we classify joints structurally?
What are the three ways to classify a…
the site where two or more bones meet
1. skeletal mobility... 2. hold the skeleton together
based off of the material binding them together and if there…
fibrous, cartilogenous, and synovial
What is a joint?
the site where two or more bones meet
What are the basic functions of all jo…
1. skeletal mobility... 2. hold the skeleton together
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8
acetylcholine
actin
agonist
bursitis
neurotransmitter; released at synapses within the nervous sys…
one of the two contractile proteins in muscle cells
muscle that contracts to perform a given movement
inflammation of a bursa
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter; released at synapses within the nervous sys…
actin
one of the two contractile proteins in muscle cells
237 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
what is the axial skeleton
what is the appendicular skeleton
what are the sesamoid bones
what are sutural bones
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
bones that form within some tendons in response to strain. Pa…
having extra bones, another reason for adult variation, also…
what is the axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
what is the appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8: Muscles
Three types of muscle tissues
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
-wall of heart... -involuntary... -autonomic... -striated
-walls of most viscera, blood vessels and skin... -autonomic... -no…
Three types of muscle tissues
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8 review
Epidermis
Eccrine glands
Papilloma virus
Cuticle
Outermost layer of the skin
What glands regulate body temperature
Causes warts
Fold of tissue that covers nail root
Epidermis
Outermost layer of the skin
Eccrine glands
What glands regulate body temperature
32 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 8
conjunctiva
conjunctivitis
sclera
lacrimal gland
the membrane that covers the outer surface of the eye and lin…
inflammation of the conjunctiva, "pinkeye"
thick, protective fibrous layer, glistening white connective…
release a dilute salt solution (tears) onto the anterior surf…
conjunctiva
the membrane that covers the outer surface of the eye and lin…
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva, "pinkeye"
71 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Prime mover
Agonist
Synergist
Antagonist
Muscle responsible for a particular body movement. Also calle…
Muscle responsible for a body movement. Also called a prime m…
Muscles that assist the action of a prime mover.
A muscle that opposes a prime mover.
Prime mover
Muscle responsible for a particular body movement. Also calle…
Agonist
Muscle responsible for a body movement. Also called a prime m…
43 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Joints
What are the 3 structural classificati…
What are the 3 functional classificati…
What are fibrous joints?
Sites where two or more bones meet. Also called articulations
Fibrous Cartilaginous Synovial
Synarthroses Amphiarthroses Diarthroses
Bones joined by dense fibrous connective tissue. No joint cav…
Joints
Sites where two or more bones meet. Also called articulations
What are the 3 structural classificati…
Fibrous Cartilaginous Synovial
40 terms
Chapter 8- Anatomy and Physiology
connective tissue under the fascia
section of muscle nearest the orgin
to increase the angles between body pa…
self exciting muscle
epimysium
head
extension
cardiac muscle
connective tissue under the fascia
epimysium
section of muscle nearest the orgin
head
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Epimysium
Type of muscle that is composed of long, thin fibers that are…
Type of muscle that is composed of branched cells (intercalat…
Type of muscle that is composed of spindle shaped cells that…
Fibrous connective sheath that surrounds a well-defined group…
Skeletal muscle
Type of muscle that is composed of long, thin fibers that are…
Cardiac muscle
Type of muscle that is composed of branched cells (intercalat…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Antagonist
Fascia
Myofibril
Prime Mover
Muscles that resist a prime mover's action and cause movement…
Layers of connective tissue that separate and individual skel…
Are threadlike and lie parallel to one another. Play a fundam…
A contracting deltoid muscle provides most of the movement al…
Antagonist
Muscles that resist a prime mover's action and cause movement…
Fascia
Layers of connective tissue that separate and individual skel…
98 terms
Chapter 8: The Muscular System; Anatomy and Physiology
Smooth, skeletal, cardiac
Walls of hollow organs (stomach, urina…
Not striated
Involuntarily
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
Where is smooth muscle tissue found?
Is smooth muscle tissue striated?
Is smooth muscle tissue controlled voluntarily or involuntari…
Smooth, skeletal, cardiac
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
Walls of hollow organs (stomach, urina…
Where is smooth muscle tissue found?
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Matrix
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissues
Muscle Tissue
Surrounded or embedded
Covers and protects the body surface
Support the body and its parts, connect and holds them together
Produces movements
Matrix
Surrounded or embedded
Epithelial Tissue
Covers and protects the body surface
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8: Joints
Joints
Joints functions
Joints structural classificatication
Fibrous joints
are known as articulations
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
-dense connective tissues connect bones... -between bones in clo…
Joints
are known as articulations
Joints functions
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
107 terms
Anatomy & Physiology (Chapter 8)
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor output
What are the two principal divisions?
sensory receptors any changes occurring outside and inside th…
input is interpreted and the appropriate response is determined
the last function where the response is performance by effect…
Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Input
sensory receptors any changes occurring outside and inside th…
Integration
input is interpreted and the appropriate response is determined
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Skeleton
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
"dried up body"
are longer than they are wide
are shaped like cubes and are found primarily in the wrist an…
are thin, flat, and curved.
Skeleton
"dried up body"
Long Bones
are longer than they are wide
40 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8 Terms
articulation
hyoid bone
synarthroses
amphiarthroses
joint
the exception to the rules are joints
immovable joints
slightly moveable joints
articulation
joint
hyoid bone
the exception to the rules are joints
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