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Study sets matching "chapter 9 earth science"

37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Plate Tectonics
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
Plate
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of…
one of numerous rigid sections of the lithosphere that moves…
Continental drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Surface Water
Runoff
Watershed
Tributaries
Divide
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
Rivers that flow into other streams
A high land area that separates one watershed from another
Runoff
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
Watershed
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
20 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Geologic Column
Era
Period
Epoch
an ordered arrangement of rock layers that is based on the re…
a unit of geologic time that includes two or more periods
a unit of geologic time that is longer than an epoch but shor…
a subdivision of geologic time that is longer than an age but…
Geologic Column
an ordered arrangement of rock layers that is based on the re…
Era
a unit of geologic time that includes two or more periods
96 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
erosion
mass movement
gravity
sediment
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
the force that moves rocks and other materials downhill; it c…
material consisting of rock or soil or remains of living thin…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
mass movement
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
96 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
erosion
mass movement
gravity
sediment
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
the force that moves rocks and other materials downhill; it c…
material consisting of rock or soil or remains of living thin…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
mass movement
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
57 terms
EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 9 (EROSION AND DEPOSITION)
erosion
sediment
deposition
gravity
THE DESTRUCTIVE PROCESS IN WHICH WATER, WIND, OR GRAVITY LOOS…
ERODED MATERIALS CARRIED BY WATER, WIND, OR ICE
THE PROCESS IN WHICH SEDIMENT SETTLES IN NEW LOCATIONS
An attractive force between any two objects that depends on t…
erosion
THE DESTRUCTIVE PROCESS IN WHICH WATER, WIND, OR GRAVITY LOOS…
sediment
ERODED MATERIALS CARRIED BY WATER, WIND, OR ICE
15 terms
chapter 9: Earth Science
atmosphere
infrared waves
stratosphere
traposphere
a mixture of gases that surround the earth
a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum with long wavelengt…
region of the atmosphere that expands from the earth's surfac…
region in the atmosphere that is the closest to the earth's s…
atmosphere
a mixture of gases that surround the earth
infrared waves
a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum with long wavelengt…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Asteroid
dwarf planet
exoplanet
flake tectonics
small celestial body orbiting sun
tiny objects in the outer solar system ... -composed of frozen m…
planet outside of solar system
tectonic process of a planet with a vigorously convecting man…
Asteroid
small celestial body orbiting sun
dwarf planet
tiny objects in the outer solar system ... -composed of frozen m…
Earth Science-Chapter 9
Composite volcano
Pahoehoe
Magma
Oxygen and Chlorine
combination of explosive and non explosive eruptions.
is a type of lava that forms a ropey or wrinkled surface.
is underground molten rock.
are gases that might escape from a volcano.
Composite volcano
combination of explosive and non explosive eruptions.
Pahoehoe
is a type of lava that forms a ropey or wrinkled surface.
19 terms
earth science chapter 9
solution
runoff
watershed
divide
the method of transport for materials that are dissolved in a…
water that flows downslope on earth's surface and many enter…
land area drained by a stream system.
elevated land that divides one watershed from another.
solution
the method of transport for materials that are dissolved in a…
runoff
water that flows downslope on earth's surface and many enter…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Who was Alfred Wegner
What is Wegner's continental drift hyp…
Evidence that supports Wegner's contin…
Why isn't Wegner's continental drift h…
A German meteorologist
There was a super-continent called Pangaea 200-million years…
1. The apparent "fit" of the continents... 2. Fossil correlation…
Wegner could not figure out how the land masses moved apart.
Who was Alfred Wegner
A German meteorologist
What is Wegner's continental drift hyp…
There was a super-continent called Pangaea 200-million years…
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Runoff
Watershed
Divide
solution
The draining away of water from the surface of an area of land
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to dif…
separate
a liquid mixture in which the minor component is uniformly di…
Runoff
The draining away of water from the surface of an area of land
Watershed
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to dif…
40 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9
Oceanography
How much water is on earth on planet
Which is the largest of the 3 oceans?
What is the depth of earth ocean?
Study of Earth's oceans
Nearly 71 percent of Earth's surface. 81 % of Southern hemisp…
Pacific is the largest then to Atlantic, and Indian.
average depth is 12000 ft. Uneven distribution of land and wa…
Oceanography
Study of Earth's oceans
How much water is on earth on planet
Nearly 71 percent of Earth's surface. 81 % of Southern hemisp…
28 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9
ionosphere
stratosphere
ozone layer
troposphere
layer with electrically charged particles
clear, dry atmosphere layer
layer that absorbs harmful radiation
layer with most tightly packed air particles
ionosphere
layer with electrically charged particles
stratosphere
clear, dry atmosphere layer
33 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 9
mineral
ore
compound minerals
native mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid
rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
A mineral made of a chemical compound. Most occur in chemical…
made of only one mineral and exists in its pure state in natu…
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid
ore
rocks that contain certain valuable minerals
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Shield Volcano
Cinder Cone
Composite Volcano
Muana Loa
(Basaltic Magma) less explosive, Board base gentle slope, Ver…
(Rhyolitic or Andesitic)When molten lava is thrown into the a…
(Andestic) high viscosity layers of material from past that a…
Example of a shield volcano
Shield Volcano
(Basaltic Magma) less explosive, Board base gentle slope, Ver…
Cinder Cone
(Rhyolitic or Andesitic)When molten lava is thrown into the a…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Volcanos
volcano
magma chamber
vent
crater
a vent or fissure in the earths surface grouch which magma an…
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano. ... Origin-
an opening at the surface of the earth through which volcanic…
a funnel shaped pit near the top of the central vent of a vol…
volcano
a vent or fissure in the earths surface grouch which magma an…
magma chamber
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano. ... Origin-
29 terms
chapter 9 earth science
continental drift
Pangaea
convergent boundary
divergent boundary
Wegener's theory that the continents slowly move across the e…
name of the large, single land mass out of which the continen…
lithospheric plate boundary where two plates move toward each…
lithospheric plate boundary where two plates pull away from e…
continental drift
Wegener's theory that the continents slowly move across the e…
Pangaea
name of the large, single land mass out of which the continen…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9- Volcanoes
A,a - Type of Lava
Pahoehoe - Type of Lava
Pillow Lava - Type of Lava
Blocky Lava - Type of Lava
-high viscosity... -thick... -sharp
-smooth, ... -little sound... -flows fast... -forms lava tubes... -forms…
-underwater, ... -forms bulbous mounds
-Form of A,a; ... -dense, ... -chunky, ... -rich of silica, ... -flows sl…
A,a - Type of Lava
-high viscosity... -thick... -sharp
Pahoehoe - Type of Lava
-smooth, ... -little sound... -flows fast... -forms lava tubes... -forms…
9 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9 Vocab
Runoff
Watershed
Divide
Solution
Water flowing downside along Earth's surface.
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system.
A high land area that separates one watershed and divides, bu…
Homogeneous mixture whose components cannot be distinguished…
Runoff
Water flowing downside along Earth's surface.
Watershed
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system.
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Mineral
Ores
Native Minerals
Mineralogy
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
Rocks containing minerals
Minerals that are made of atoms of just one element. Can be d…
Science that studies the characteristics physical and chemica…
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
Ores
Rocks containing minerals
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Plate Tectonics
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
Plate
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of…
one of numerous rigid sections of the lithosphere that moves…
Continental drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
52 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
50% Silica
70% silica
60% silica
Volatiles
Mafic rocks
Felsic rocks
Intermediate rocks
Gaseous components in magma; also affect its mobility
50% Silica
Mafic rocks
70% silica
Felsic rocks
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9 - Volcanoes
volcano
nonexplosive volcanoes
explosive volcanoes
magma chamber
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
More rare than nonexplosive, produce huge amounts of ash, deb…
The body of molten rock below Earth's surface that feeds the…
volcano
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
nonexplosive volcanoes
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Earth Science
Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Layer of gases that surrounds the earth
Bottom layer of the atmosphere, extending from ground level u…
Second layer of the atmosphere; includes the ozone layer
Third layer of the atmosphere; the coldest layer
Atmosphere
Layer of gases that surrounds the earth
Troposphere
Bottom layer of the atmosphere, extending from ground level u…
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Weathering
Mechanical weathering
Abrasion
Exfoliation
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smal…
The actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by force…
A wearing away or rubbing away by friction.
A mechanical weathering process which removes protuding overl…
Weathering
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smal…
Mechanical weathering
The actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by force…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Transform Fault Boundary
Mantle Plume
Volcanic Island Arc
Hot Spot
A boundary formed when two plates slide past each other in op…
A mass of hotter-than-normal mantle material that ascends tow…
A chain of volcanic islands where subduction of one oceanic s…
A concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
Transform Fault Boundary
A boundary formed when two plates slide past each other in op…
Mantle Plume
A mass of hotter-than-normal mantle material that ascends tow…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Mineral
Ore
Compound mineral
Mineralogist
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
Rocks that contain certain valuable minerals.
A mineral made of a chemical compound. Most compound minerals…
A chemical geologist who mainly identifies, classifies, and a…
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
Ore
Rocks that contain certain valuable minerals.
8 terms
Mr. Q Earth science chapter 9
Energy
Work
Meteorologists
Radiation
the ability to do work
pushing or pulling something to make it move
("me-t-or-ol-o-gist"); scientists who study how the sun warms…
("raid-e-a-shun"); the main transfer of heat from the sun to…
Energy
the ability to do work
Work
pushing or pulling something to make it move
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
runoff
channel
sheet erosion
drainage basin
any rainwater that does not soak into the ground or evaporate…
groove created by water moving down the same path
a type of surface water erosion caused by runoff that occurs…
land area from which a river or stream collects runoff
runoff
any rainwater that does not soak into the ground or evaporate…
channel
groove created by water moving down the same path
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Nearness to water
Floodplains
Calcite
Phosphate
Which factor least affects the rate of runoff?
What areas are most likely to contain fertile soils?
Which substance is most likely to be carried by a stream in s…
What material plays a major role in the eutrophication of lak…
Nearness to water
Which factor least affects the rate of runoff?
Floodplains
What areas are most likely to contain fertile soils?
14 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 9
geologic column
eon
era
period
an ordered arrangement of rock layers that is based on the re…
the largest unit of geologic time
smaller unit of geologic time that divides eons
smaller unit of geologic time that divides eras
geologic column
an ordered arrangement of rock layers that is based on the re…
eon
the largest unit of geologic time
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
minerals
inorganic
silicate minerals
nonsilicate minerals
Minerals are basic inorganic elements of the earth's crust.
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things.
The commonest rock-forming minerals on the Earth, sharing the…
Minerals that do not contain both Silicon and Oxygen in their…
minerals
Minerals are basic inorganic elements of the earth's crust.
inorganic
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things.
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
When considering the four stages of de…
_____________ is a problem associated…
What variable is used to gauge the str…
Humans are affecting the Earth's ecosp…
Stage 2: Transitional stage of high birth and lower death rat…
All of these are problems associated with the heavy use of bi…
Two answers are correct
population
When considering the four stages of de…
Stage 2: Transitional stage of high birth and lower death rat…
_____________ is a problem associated…
All of these are problems associated with the heavy use of bi…
14 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 9
Transform fault boundary
Mantle plume
Volcanic island arc
Hot spot
Boundary formed when two plates slide past each other
A mass of hotter-than normal mantle material that ascends tow…
A chain of volcanic islands where subduction of one oceanic s…
A concentration of heat in the mantle capable of producing ma…
Transform fault boundary
Boundary formed when two plates slide past each other
Mantle plume
A mass of hotter-than normal mantle material that ascends tow…
8 terms
Chapter 9 earth science
Divergent boundaries
Convergent boundaries
Transform fault boundaries
Oceanic ridge
Two plates move apart
Two plates move together
Margins where to plates grind past each other without the des…
Longest physical feature on earth surface ocean basins
Divergent boundaries
Two plates move apart
Convergent boundaries
Two plates move together
19 terms
earth science chapter 9
solution
runoff
watershed
divide
the method of transport for materials that are dissolved in a…
water that flows downslope on earth's surface and many enter…
land area drained by a stream system.
elevated land that divides one watershed from another.
solution
the method of transport for materials that are dissolved in a…
runoff
water that flows downslope on earth's surface and many enter…
46 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 9
water cycle
runoff
soil composition
rate of precipitation
the continuous circulation of water through the hydrosphere
water flowing downslope along the Earth's surface
large particles and lots of humus= ground water
light rain is more likely to infiltrate than heavy rain = gro…
water cycle
the continuous circulation of water through the hydrosphere
runoff
water flowing downslope along the Earth's surface
39 terms
VFBA BJU Earth Science, Chapter 9
Aluminum
Mineral
Mixture
Quartz
Common metal was worth more per ounce than gold until scienti…
Naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid like asbest…
A combination of two or more pure substances mixed together s…
A compound mineral
Aluminum
Common metal was worth more per ounce than gold until scienti…
Mineral
Naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid like asbest…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
wegners hypothesis
pangaea
mesosaurus
plate tectonics
the continents were once joined as a super continent - Contin…
super continent - "all land"
a reptile whose fossil remains are limited to eastern South A…
Earth's lithospheric plates move slowly relative to each othe…
wegners hypothesis
the continents were once joined as a super continent - Contin…
pangaea
super continent - "all land"
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9 Vocab
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Deep Ocean Trench
the lateral movement of continents resulting from the motion…
the hypothetical landmass that existed when all continents we…
a method for detecting and locating objects submerged in wate…
as scientists mapped the ocean floor, they found long, curved…
Continental Drift
the lateral movement of continents resulting from the motion…
Pangaea
the hypothetical landmass that existed when all continents we…
44 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
aluminum
sand
quartz
sulfur
used to be worth more per ounce than gold before scientists f…
example of a mixture
compound mineral
native mineral
aluminum
used to be worth more per ounce than gold before scientists f…
sand
example of a mixture
13 terms
Pretence Hall Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanic Crust
Plate Tectonics
Convergent
Mid-Ocean Ridge
Crust that is made up of Basalt and is dense enough to sink i…
The unifying theory that explains the distribution of earthqu…
The type of boundary where the plates come together
Chains of underwater mountains, where sea floor spreading occ…
Oceanic Crust
Crust that is made up of Basalt and is dense enough to sink i…
Plate Tectonics
The unifying theory that explains the distribution of earthqu…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
watershed
drainage basin
carrying capacity
Discharge
all runoff areas for a stream system
watershed is also known as
the ability of a stream to transport materials
Width x Depth x velocity
watershed
all runoff areas for a stream system
drainage basin
watershed is also known as
11 terms
Science (Chapter 9- Changes to the Earth)
Wind
Moving Water
Water Erosion
Wind Erosion
-Creates Sand Dunes... -Sand then wears away the rock by breakin…
-Water can change Earth's surface by moving small pieces of l…
-Creates diffs, ditches, and gullies... -Sediments (tiny pieces…
-Sediments (tiny pieces of rock) get blown away
Wind
-Creates Sand Dunes... -Sand then wears away the rock by breakin…
Moving Water
-Water can change Earth's surface by moving small pieces of l…
42 terms
Chapter 9 and 10 Vocabulary Earth Science
magma
lava
viscosity
Aa flow
a body of molten rock at depth including any dissolved gases…
magma that reaches earths surface
a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow
a type of lava flow that has a jagged, blocky surface
magma
a body of molten rock at depth including any dissolved gases…
lava
magma that reaches earths surface
Chapter 9 Earth Science
Sublimination
Deposition
Transpiration
Runoff
Solid to gas
Gas to solid
Process by where photosynthesis occurs, what vapor is put in…
Water flowing downslope
Sublimination
Solid to gas
Deposition
Gas to solid
8 terms
Chapter 9 Earth Science
Volcano
magma chamber
vent
crater
a vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano
an opening at surface of Earth through which volcanic materia…
a funnel-shaped pit near the top of central vent of a volcano
Volcano
a vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
magma chamber
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano
20 terms
Chapter 9 earth science
Continental drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Deep-ocean trenches
The continents had once been joined together to form a single…
The supercontinent that 200 million years ago began to break…
a system that uses Sound waves to calculate the distance to a…
long curved valleys along the edges of some ocean basins
Continental drift
The continents had once been joined together to form a single…
Pangaea
The supercontinent that 200 million years ago began to break…
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