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77 terms
human anatomy chapter 9
joints
joints
classifications of joints
fibrous joints
• Rigid elements of the skeleton meet at joints or... articulati…
• Joints can be classified by function or structure... • Functio…
• Structural classification based on:... -Material that binds bo…
• Bones connected by fibrous connective tissue... • No joint cav…
joints
• Rigid elements of the skeleton meet at joints or... articulati…
joints
• Joints can be classified by function or structure... • Functio…
29 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
contractility
excitability
extensibility
elasticity
shortens when stimulated
responds to stimulus by nerves or hormones
can be stretched beyond their resting length to some degree
has both stretch and recoil capabilities.
contractility
shortens when stimulated
excitability
responds to stimulus by nerves or hormones
59 terms
Human Anatomy- Chapter 9- Joints
Movements allowed by Synovial joints
Arthr/o
1. Gliding
2. Angular
1. gliding- one bone surface across another... 2. angular- chang…
joint ... elements of skeleton meets at joints or aticulations
flat surfaces of 2 bones slip across each other ... 1. carpals... 2…
increase or decrease the angle between two bones they include…
Movements allowed by Synovial joints
1. gliding- one bone surface across another... 2. angular- chang…
Arthr/o
joint ... elements of skeleton meets at joints or aticulations
11 terms
human anatomy chapter 9
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
sarcolemma
layer of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the…
divide the muscle into a series of internal compartments, eac…
surrounds each skeletal muscle fiber binds each muscle to its…
cell membrane of a skeletal muscle
epimysium
layer of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the…
perimysium
divide the muscle into a series of internal compartments, eac…
31 terms
Human anatomy knowledge for Chapter 9
Joints
3 main types of joints
3 types of Fibrous Joints
Muscle origin
Need joints for movement.
1. Fibrous... 2. Cartilagenous... 3. Synovial (most important and m…
All of these connected by Dense Regular Connective Tissue fib…
More proximal, a bone that does not move, a fixed bone
Joints
Need joints for movement.
3 main types of joints
1. Fibrous... 2. Cartilagenous... 3. Synovial (most important and m…
76 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 9
Basic Properties of Muscle Tissue (4)
Excitability
Contractility
Extensibility
excitability... contractility... extensibility... elasticity
ability to respond of nervous/muscle signals to excite muscle…
cells shorten and generate a pulling force/tension as then co…
muscles stretched beyond normal length and contract
Basic Properties of Muscle Tissue (4)
excitability... contractility... extensibility... elasticity
Excitability
ability to respond of nervous/muscle signals to excite muscle…
62 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Articulations
Joint structure
Joint strength ________ as mobility in…
Two Methods of Classification of Joints
Body movement occurs at joints (articulations) where two bone…
Determines direction and distance of movements (range of moti…
decreases
Functional and Structural
Articulations
Body movement occurs at joints (articulations) where two bone…
Joint structure
Determines direction and distance of movements (range of moti…
24 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Articulations
Joint Names
Mobility and Stability in Joints
Fibrous joint
Joints that place of contact between bones, between bone and…
Ususally derived from the names of the articulating bones
Motion permitted ranges from none to extensive, structure det…
Occurs where bones are held together by dense regular (fibrou…
Articulations
Joints that place of contact between bones, between bone and…
Joint Names
Ususally derived from the names of the articulating bones
56 terms
human anatomy chapter 9
amphiarthroses are more movable than d…
synarthroses are freely movable joints…
which type of joint predominates in th…
a joint between a tooth and its socket…
false
false
synovial
a gomphosis
amphiarthroses are more movable than d…
false
synarthroses are freely movable joints…
false
14 terms
Human Anatomy (Chapter 9) Kinesiology
What is Kinesiology?
What is flexion?
What is Extension?
What is Hyper-extension?
the study of human movement
Flexion decreases the angle of the joint
Extension straightens and returns to the anatomical position
Extension beyond 180 degrees
What is Kinesiology?
the study of human movement
What is flexion?
Flexion decreases the angle of the joint
126 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Gastrocnemius
Rectus femoris
Sartorius
Biceps femoris
Location: posterior lower leg (calf muscle) Action: plantar f…
Location: anterior thigh; quadriceps Action: extension of leg…
Location: parallel strap-like muscle that crosses thigh. Acti…
Location: posterior thigh; hamstring. Action: flexion of leg…
Gastrocnemius
Location: posterior lower leg (calf muscle) Action: plantar f…
Rectus femoris
Location: anterior thigh; quadriceps Action: extension of leg…
122 terms
Chapter 9 human anatomy
Define muscle tissue
3 types of tissue
Define skeletal muscles
Define Cardiac Muscle
-nearly half of body's mass... -transform chemical energy (ATP)…
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
-organization attached to bone and skin... -elongated cells call…
-only in heart, bulk of heart walls ... -striated ... -can contact…
Define muscle tissue
-nearly half of body's mass... -transform chemical energy (ATP)…
3 types of tissue
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
52 terms
Chapter 9 Human Anatomy
synarthroses
amphiarthroses
diarthroses
fibrous joints
immoveable joint, no movement allowed (ex. suture)
slightly movable joints (ex. joints between vertebrae)
freely movable joints (hip, wrist, fingers)
bones are connected by fibrous tissue; very little motions ac…
synarthroses
immoveable joint, no movement allowed (ex. suture)
amphiarthroses
slightly movable joints (ex. joints between vertebrae)
18 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
List the things that muscle is the pri…
What does composite tissue contain?
List the basic properties of muscles
Excitability
- Heart (cardiac) ... - Walls of hollow organs (smooth) ... - Makes…
- Muscle cells ... - surrounding connective tissue
- Excitability ... - contractility... - extensibility ... - elasticity
The ability to respond to nervous or muscle signals to excite…
List the things that muscle is the pri…
- Heart (cardiac) ... - Walls of hollow organs (smooth) ... - Makes…
What does composite tissue contain?
- Muscle cells ... - surrounding connective tissue
55 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9
skeletal muscle
voluntary muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvio…
Muscle under strict nervous control
Branching, striated, uninucleate muscle of the heart
Spindle-shaped cells with one centrally located nucleus and n…
skeletal muscle
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvio…
voluntary muscle
Muscle under strict nervous control
22 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 9: Joints
Classification of Joints by function
Classification of joints by structure
Fibrous joints
cartilaginous joints
Synarthroses- Immobile joints ex. sutures... Amphiarthroses- sli…
Fibrous- immobile like in skull... cartilagionous- between verte…
Bones are connected by fibrous tissues... very little if any mot…
bones are connected by cartilage... not highly moveable... 2 types:…
Classification of Joints by function
Synarthroses- Immobile joints ex. sutures... Amphiarthroses- sli…
Classification of joints by structure
Fibrous- immobile like in skull... cartilagionous- between verte…
55 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Describe the major trade off involved…
List and briefly describe the three cl…
List and briefly describe the three (4…
List and briefly describe the three ty…
As mobility increases, stability decreases.
Synarthroses- immovable... Amphiarthroses- Slight movement... Diart…
Fibrous joints- joing by DRCT... Cartilaginous joints- joined by…
Suture- between skull bones... Gomphoses- between teeth and jaw…
Describe the major trade off involved…
As mobility increases, stability decreases.
List and briefly describe the three cl…
Synarthroses- immovable... Amphiarthroses- Slight movement... Diart…
40 terms
Chapter 9 human anatomy
Articulation
Synarthosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
A joint
An immovable joint
A slightly movable joint
A freely movable joint
Articulation
A joint
Synarthosis
An immovable joint
66 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
neurons
dendrite
axon
nerves
main functional unit of the nervous system; component of nerv…
receive electrochemical messages; may be numerous
extensions that send information; normally only one per neuron
bundles of axons
neurons
main functional unit of the nervous system; component of nerv…
dendrite
receive electrochemical messages; may be numerous
32 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
Sutures
immovable joints
slightly movable joints
freely movable joints
Joints are held together with very short, interconnecting fib…
Synarthroses
immovable joints
Amphiarthroses
slightly movable joints
157 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
little mouse
heart, walls of hollow organs, and mak…
surrounding connective tissue and musc…
excitability
muscle is latin for
muscle is the primary tissue in (3)
muscle's composite tissue (2)
the ability to respond to nervous or muscle signals to excite…
little mouse
muscle is latin for
heart, walls of hollow organs, and mak…
muscle is the primary tissue in (3)
48 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Origin
Insertion
Tendon
Ligament
point of attachment that does not move when the muscle contra…
point of attachment that moves when the muscle contracts
muscle to bone
bone to bone
Origin
point of attachment that does not move when the muscle contra…
Insertion
point of attachment that moves when the muscle contracts
85 terms
chapter 9 human anatomy
Joint, articuation
2.arthology
3.joint
4.names of bones
What is defined as the place of contact between bones, betwee…
The scientific study of joints is called
The prefix arthro- means
How are joints normally named?
Joint, articuation
What is defined as the place of contact between bones, betwee…
2.arthology
The scientific study of joints is called
78 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Joint
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Biomechanics
A point of contact between:... Two or more bones... Cartilage and b…
Science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction.
The study of musculoskeletal movement.
Deals with a broad variety of movements and mechanical proces…
Joint
A point of contact between:... Two or more bones... Cartilage and b…
Arthrology
Science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction.
32 terms
Chapter 9-Human Anatomy
Articulation
Bursitis
Dislocation
Subluxation
place of contact between bones, between bone and cartilage, o…
inflammation of a bursa, typically one in the knee, elbow or…
complete displacement of an organ from its normal position
incomplete dislocation of a body part from its normal position
Articulation
place of contact between bones, between bone and cartilage, o…
Bursitis
inflammation of a bursa, typically one in the knee, elbow or…
29 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
contractility
excitability
extensibility
elasticity
shortens when stimulated
responds to stimulus by nerves or hormones
can be stretched beyond their resting length to some degree
has both stretch and recoil capabilities.
contractility
shortens when stimulated
excitability
responds to stimulus by nerves or hormones
30 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Skeletal Muscle
Striated
Voluntary
Cardiac Muscle
Organs attached to bones and skin; requires nervous system st…
Striped
Conscious control
Only in heart; bulk of heart walls, can contract without nerv…
Skeletal Muscle
Organs attached to bones and skin; requires nervous system st…
Striated
Striped
68 terms
Human anatomy chapter 9
Brain
Cranial nerves
Nerve
Spinal cord
an organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of ver…
each of twelve pairs of nerves that arise directly from the b…
Bundle of hundreds to thousands of axons plus associated conn…
Connects the brain and is encircled by the bones of the verte…
Brain
an organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of ver…
Cranial nerves
each of twelve pairs of nerves that arise directly from the b…
47 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
fascia
tendon
aponeuroses
myofibrils
separate skeletal muscles and hold muscles in position
connective tissue that surrounds each muscle and projects bey…
fibrous sheets, attach to bone or the coverings of adjacent m…
small, parallel threadlike structures beneath the muscle cell…
fascia
separate skeletal muscles and hold muscles in position
tendon
connective tissue that surrounds each muscle and projects bey…
60 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
What is fascia?
What does a tendon do?
What is aponeuroses?
Tendons attach muscles to bones, where…
layers of dense connective tissue
connects a muscle to a bone
fiborous sheets which may attach to bone or the coverings of…
other muscles
What is fascia?
layers of dense connective tissue
What does a tendon do?
connects a muscle to a bone
49 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9 & 10 Review
Pineal Gland
Primary Somato Sensory Area
Sulcus
Butterfly
Secretes a hormone that promotes sleep.
Part of cerebral cortex that receives nerve impulses for tick…
Shallow groove on surface of cerebrum.
In the internal structure of the spinal cord, the gray matter…
Pineal Gland
Secretes a hormone that promotes sleep.
Primary Somato Sensory Area
Part of cerebral cortex that receives nerve impulses for tick…
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
Fibrous joint
No movement
Some movement
Free movement
Two bones jointed together by fibers. 3 types: sutures, synde…
Synarthroses
No movement
Amphiarthroses
Some movement
27 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
more mobile joint
names come from
motion permitted ranges from
structure determines
less stable
articulating bones
none to various extensive motions
mobility and stability
more mobile joint
less stable
names come from
articulating bones
73 terms
Human Anatomy - Chapter 9
Bony joint
Examples of bony joints
Fibrous joint
Types of fibrous joints
Synostosis. Immobile joint formed when the gap of 2 bones oss…
Left and right frontal bones at infancy, become a single fron…
Synarthrodial joint. Adjacent bones are bound by collagen fib…
Sutures, gomphoses, and syndesmoses.
Bony joint
Synostosis. Immobile joint formed when the gap of 2 bones oss…
Examples of bony joints
Left and right frontal bones at infancy, become a single fron…
43 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 9
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
Sutures
Immovable joints
Slightly movable joints
Freely movable joints
Seams that are tightly bound within the bone by a minimal amo…
Synarthroses
Immovable joints
Amphiarthroses
Slightly movable joints
48 terms
Human Anatomy--Chapter 9
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
What are the 3 classification of joint…
Immovable joints
Slightly movable joints
Freely movable joints
-Fibrous... -Cartilaginous... -Synovial
Synarthroses
Immovable joints
Amphiarthroses
Slightly movable joints
61 terms
chapter 9 human anatomy
thick filament
thin filament
muscle
muscle
each thick filament consists of many myosin molecules whose h…
consists of 2 strands of actin subunits twisted int a helix p…
consits of hundreds to thousands of muscle cells plus connect…
covered externally by the epimysium
thick filament
each thick filament consists of many myosin molecules whose h…
thin filament
consists of 2 strands of actin subunits twisted int a helix p…
17 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9 (Articulations)
Fibrous Joint
Cartilaginous Joint
Synovial Joint
Synarthrosis
Bones are held together by dense regular connective tissue; i…
Bones joined by cartilage
Fluid filler cavity (synovial cavity); bones enclosed within…
Immovable joint
Fibrous Joint
Bones are held together by dense regular connective tissue; i…
Cartilaginous Joint
Bones joined by cartilage
57 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 9 (Joints)
Joint Classification
Structural Classification Subcategorie…
Functional Classification Subcategorie…
Fibrous Joints
Joints have both structural and functional classifications:... -…
- Fibrous Joints (bones held together by dense collagen fibre…
- Synarthrosis (an immoveable joint)... - Amphiarthrosis (slight…
Lack cartilage and a synovial cavity. The bones are held clos…
Joint Classification
Joints have both structural and functional classifications:... -…
Structural Classification Subcategorie…
- Fibrous Joints (bones held together by dense collagen fibre…
71 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9: Joints
joint
3 factors that limit movement
mobility vs stability
synarthrodial joints
any place where 2 bones meet
bone morphology, dense connective tissue, other soft tissues…
the inverse relationship between the ability to move a joint…
a classification of joints based on function that involves im…
joint
any place where 2 bones meet
3 factors that limit movement
bone morphology, dense connective tissue, other soft tissues…
44 terms
Chapter 9 Human Anatomy
Identify the 3 structural classes of j…
Define and identify at least one synde…
Cartilaginous joint- synchondroses
Cartilaginous joint- symphysis
Fibrous: bones ends/parts united by collagen fibers... Cartilag…
Distal radius/fibua: ankle
bones united by hyaline cartilage (first rib and sternum)
bones united by fibrocartilage (pubic symphysis)
Identify the 3 structural classes of j…
Fibrous: bones ends/parts united by collagen fibers... Cartilag…
Define and identify at least one synde…
Distal radius/fibua: ankle
57 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 9 (Joints)
Joint Classification
Structural Classification Subcategorie…
Functional Classification Subcategorie…
Fibrous Joints
Joints have both structural and functional classifications:... -…
- Fibrous Joints (bones held together by dense collagen fibre…
- Synarthrosis (an immoveable joint)... - Amphiarthrosis (slight…
Lack cartilage and a synovial cavity. The bones are held clos…
Joint Classification
Joints have both structural and functional classifications:... -…
Structural Classification Subcategorie…
- Fibrous Joints (bones held together by dense collagen fibre…
57 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
myogram
twitch
summation
tetanic contraction
recording of a muscle contraction
a single, short muscle contraction
a group of twitches
sustained contraction over a long period of time
myogram
recording of a muscle contraction
twitch
a single, short muscle contraction
105 terms
Chapter 9: Human Anatomy & Physiology
3
Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
How many types of muscle tissue are there?
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
Usually attached to bones, voluntary, somatic, and striated
Wall of heart, involuntary, autonomic, striated, intercalated…
3
How many types of muscle tissue are there?
Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
31 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9 Endocrine System- Hormones
melatonin
oxytocin
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Growth Hormone (GH)
involved in biological rhythms ... light/dark cycles
stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "let-down" refl…
promotes retention of water by kidney... prevents water lost
stimulates growth and metabolism
melatonin
involved in biological rhythms ... light/dark cycles
oxytocin
stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "let-down" refl…
162 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
The cranium bones (skull)
Cranial Cavity
Foramen Magnum
Foramen Magnum
What bones are locked into position with sutures?
Large cavities occur
Spinal cord connects with the brain through the _______
Opening in the occipital bone.
The cranium bones (skull)
What bones are locked into position with sutures?
Cranial Cavity
Large cavities occur
56 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
What is the perineum made up of?
What does the vulva comprise?
What is the mons pubis?
What is the clitoris composed of and i…
"perineal region"; made up of the urogenital triangle and the…
the external genitalia of the female.
the externally covered portion of the vulva covered with pubi…
composed of erectile tissue, covered by the ischiocavernosus…
What is the perineum made up of?
"perineal region"; made up of the urogenital triangle and the…
What does the vulva comprise?
the external genitalia of the female.
55 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9
skeletal muscle
voluntary muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvio…
Muscle under strict nervous control
Branching, striated, uninucleate muscle of the heart
Spindle-shaped cells with one centrally located nucleus and n…
skeletal muscle
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvio…
voluntary muscle
Muscle under strict nervous control
55 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9
What do humans rely on muscles for?
What are the three types of muscle tis…
What four basic properties are shared…
What are the functions of skeletal mus…
many of our physiological processes, virtually all of our dyn…
skeletal: pulls on bones, voluntary contraction... Cardiac: push…
excitability: respond to stimuli... Contractibility: shorten and…
produce movement, maintain posture, support soft tissue, regu…
What do humans rely on muscles for?
many of our physiological processes, virtually all of our dyn…
What are the three types of muscle tis…
skeletal: pulls on bones, voluntary contraction... Cardiac: push…
34 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 9: Joints
Ligaments
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
Bind bone to bone, they serve as intrinsic binding structures…
very little or no movement... Fibrous joints and cartilaginous j…
Slightly movable joints... Intervertebral Discs
Freely movable joints/synovial joints... shoulder joint/hip joint
Ligaments
Bind bone to bone, they serve as intrinsic binding structures…
Synarthrosis
very little or no movement... Fibrous joints and cartilaginous j…
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