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Study sets matching "chapter earth science earth's changing"

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Study sets matching "chapter earth science earth's changing"

37 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
canyon
plain
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
a valley with steep walls
large, flat landform
landform
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
mountain
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
10 terms
EARTH SCIENCE - Chapter 12 - Earth's Changing Weather
cumulus clouds
westerlies
air pressure
cirrus clouds
puffy, white clouds
large belts of wind that blow west to east
the force of air pushing down on earth
high, thin, icy clouds
cumulus clouds
puffy, white clouds
westerlies
large belts of wind that blow west to east
30 terms
Science-Chapter 9-Changes in Earth's Surface
Natural features of the earth's surface
Describe how the Earth's surface changes
What causes the Earth's surface to con…
process of breaking the Earth's crust…
landform
constantly
weathering
weathering
Natural features of the earth's surface
landform
Describe how the Earth's surface changes
constantly
11 terms
Earth Science 3.1 Changing Earth's Surface
Erosion
Sediment
Deposition
Gravity
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
Material moved by erosion.
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sedi…
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill.
Erosion
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
Sediment
Material moved by erosion.
23 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
valley
canyon
a natural feature on Earth's surface
an area that is higher than the land around it
lower area with higher land around it
a valley with steep walls
landform
a natural feature on Earth's surface
mountain
an area that is higher than the land around it
10 terms
Earth Science- Changing Earth
Crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Inner Core
Earth's outermost layer
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
A layer of molten (liquid) iron and nickel that surrounds the…
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
Crust
Earth's outermost layer
Mantle
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
22 terms
Science - Earth's Changes & Landforms
weathering
erosion
deposition
earthquake
breaking down of rock
movement of sediment
depositing, or dropping sediment in a new place
weathering
breaking down of rock
erosion
movement of sediment
Science: Earth's changing crust
Continental Drift Theory
Continental Drift Theory
Plate Tectonics Theory
Inner Core
associated with plate tectonics
created by Alfred Wegner; a German methodologist; started abo…
lower layer of earth's mantle is practically melted by heat;…
innermost layer of earth; densest; hottest; mostly iron
Continental Drift Theory
associated with plate tectonics
Continental Drift Theory
created by Alfred Wegner; a German methodologist; started abo…
32 terms
Science- Chapter 1 Earth's Changing Surface
atolls
beaches
canyons
caves
ring shaped islands formed from coral reefs; happens when the…
flat landforms along an ocean or large lake; may be rocky, pe…
a deep valley with very high, steep sides
an underground enclosure with access from the surface of the…
atolls
ring shaped islands formed from coral reefs; happens when the…
beaches
flat landforms along an ocean or large lake; may be rocky, pe…
21 terms
Science Chapter 3: Changing Earth's Surface
weathering
erosion
sediment
deposition
The process that breaks down rock and other substances.
The process by which bits of broken rock are carried away.
The material that is carried away during erosion.
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down sedim…
weathering
The process that breaks down rock and other substances.
erosion
The process by which bits of broken rock are carried away.
23 terms
Science Chapter 9 - Earth's Changing Surface
Harbors and Inlets
Igneous Rock
Mantle and Core
Streak of a mineral
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Can be identified by its visible crystals
Scientists can learn about this by studying material that is…
can be determined by rubbing the object on a hard, white surf…
Harbors and Inlets
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Igneous Rock
Can be identified by its visible crystals
17 terms
Science - Chapter 9: Changes to Earth's Surface
volcano
earthquake
landform
glacier
a mountain made of lava, ash, or other materials from eruption
a movement of the ground cause by a sudden release of energy…
a natural land shape or feature
a large thick sheet of ice
volcano
a mountain made of lava, ash, or other materials from eruption
earthquake
a movement of the ground cause by a sudden release of energy…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
28 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical weathering
Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Mechanical and Chemical
the type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
the process (slow) that breaks down rock and other substances…
The process (slow) that breaks down rock through chemical cha…
What are the two types of weathering?
Mechanical and Chemical
Mechanical weathering
the type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
23 terms
Science Chapter 9 - Earth's Changing Surface
Harbors and Inlets
Igneous Rock
Mantle and Core
Streak of a mineral
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Can be identified by its visible crystals
Scientists can learn about this by studying material that is…
can be determined by rubbing the object on a hard, white surf…
Harbors and Inlets
Formed due to areas of shoreline eroding more quickly than ot…
Igneous Rock
Can be identified by its visible crystals
9 terms
Science Chapter 6 Earth's Changing Surface
Topographic map
Contour lines
Crust
Plateau
A map that hows the earths surface features and there elevati…
Connect points On a map that have the same elavation
The rocky outer layer of earths surface
Are high land forms with fairly flat surfaces are found along…
Topographic map
A map that hows the earths surface features and there elevati…
Contour lines
Connect points On a map that have the same elavation
16 terms
Earth Science: Changes to Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Ice Wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then f…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
9 terms
Earth Science-Earth Changes
continental drift
earthquake
fault
lava
a slow movement of the continents on a deep-seated viscous zo…
a shaking or trembling of the earth that is volcanic or tecto…
a fracture in the crust of a planet or moon accompanied by a…
molten rock that issues from a volcano or from a fissure in t…
continental drift
a slow movement of the continents on a deep-seated viscous zo…
earthquake
a shaking or trembling of the earth that is volcanic or tecto…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9-Changes to Earth's Surface
glacier
earthquake
volcano
magma
a large, thick sheet of ice
a movement of the ground caused by a sudden release of energy…
a mountain made of lava, ash, or other materials from eruptio…
molten rock under Earth's surface
glacier
a large, thick sheet of ice
earthquake
a movement of the ground caused by a sudden release of energy…
16 terms
Science Chapter 3 Managing Earth's Changes
dam
flood
floodway
levee
a wall across a river that controls the flow of river water
occurs when water flows or collects over land that is usually…
a prepared path for flood waters to flow over, often to preve…
a wall along the banks of a river or other body of water that…
dam
a wall across a river that controls the flow of river water
flood
occurs when water flows or collects over land that is usually…
13 terms
Changing Earth's Surface
Landslide
Mudflow
Slump
Creep
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
Quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
A type of mass movement that occurs when a mass of material m…
very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
Landslide
The sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope
Mudflow
Quickly moving downhill flow of soil and rock fragments conta…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 15 Earth's Oceans
Oceanography
SONAR
Submersibles
Salinity
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
Small underwater craft
The total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Oceanography
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
SONAR
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
13 terms
Science chapter 9 Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
topography
glacier
sand dune
A natural land shape or feature
All the kinds of landforms in a certain place
A large, thick sheet of ice
A hill of sand, made and shaped by wind
landform
A natural land shape or feature
topography
All the kinds of landforms in a certain place
17 terms
Earth Science Topic 1 - Intro to Earth's Changing Environment
observation
density
inference
dynamic equilibrium
using our senses to notice things in our environment
the concentration of matter in an object, density = mass/volume
an interpretation of an observation
opposing forces or action that balance each other
observation
using our senses to notice things in our environment
density
the concentration of matter in an object, density = mass/volume
20 terms
Earth Science Ch 9 Changing Earth's Surface
deposition
gravity
mass movement
runoff
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
a force that moves rocks and other materials downhill
processes can be slow or rapid and moves sediment downhill; e…
water that moves over the ground surface rather than soaking…
deposition
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
gravity
a force that moves rocks and other materials downhill
16 terms
Science- Chapter 3: Managing Earth's Changes
barrier island
beach nourishment
contour plowing
dam
land formed over many years by the build up of sand and dirt…
the dumping of new sand onto an eroded beach to restore it
plowing in curved rows that follow the shape of the land
a wall across the river that controls the flow of river water
barrier island
land formed over many years by the build up of sand and dirt…
beach nourishment
the dumping of new sand onto an eroded beach to restore it
9 terms
Science Chapter 6 Earth's Changing Surface
Topographic map
Contour lines
Crust
Plateau
A map that hows the earths surface features and there elevati…
Connect points On a map that have the same elavation
The rocky outer layer of earths surface
Are high land forms with fairly flat surfaces are found along…
Topographic map
A map that hows the earths surface features and there elevati…
Contour lines
Connect points On a map that have the same elavation
10 terms
Earth's Changing Surface
crust
erosion
magma
deposition
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
The movement of rock material from one place to another.
Molten rock beneath Earth's surface.
The dropping of sediment moved by water, wind, and ice.
crust
The thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
erosion
The movement of rock material from one place to another.
26 terms
Science - Changes to Earth and Earth's Structure
Crust
The Mantle
The outer Core and the inner core.
A volcano
- the outer/first layer. On which we live. It is the smallest…
the second/or middle layer. Where the rocks flow under pressu…
The last layers Very hot with molten rocks
is an opening in the Earth's crust where magma rises or is pu…
Crust
- the outer/first layer. On which we live. It is the smallest…
The Mantle
the second/or middle layer. Where the rocks flow under pressu…
34 terms
Science (earth's changing surface)
Topography
Elevation
Relief
Landform
Shape of the land
Height above sea level
Difference in elevation between highest and lowest parts of a…
Feature of topography formed by natural processes that shape…
Topography
Shape of the land
Elevation
Height above sea level
25 terms
Changing Earth's Surface
core
mantle
crust
continental drift
the center of the Earth
the middle layer of the Earth made up of molten (melted) rock
the surface layer of the Earth that includes the continents a…
the theory of how Earth's continents move over its surface
core
the center of the Earth
mantle
the middle layer of the Earth made up of molten (melted) rock
Earth Science: Topic 1- Introduction to Earth's Changing Environment
classification
cyclic change
density
dynamic equilibrium
the grouping together of similar observations and inferences…
an orderly change in the environment in which an event repeat…
the concentration of matter in an object. (mass / volume)
a condition of the balancing out of the opposing forces or ac…
classification
the grouping together of similar observations and inferences…
cyclic change
an orderly change in the environment in which an event repeat…
15 terms
Earth's Changing Surface
erosion
deposition
delta
alluvial fan
Process by which weathered rock and soil are moved from one p…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river f…
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream lea…
erosion
Process by which weathered rock and soil are moved from one p…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
22 terms
Science Chapter 9: Changing Earth's Surfaces
The outermost and thinnest layer
This layer of Earth makes up most of E…
The very center of Earth
A section of the lithosphere is called…
crust
mantle
core
plate
The outermost and thinnest layer
crust
This layer of Earth makes up most of E…
mantle
32 terms
Chapter 5 The Changing Landscape (Earth Science)
anticline
syncline
fracture
fault
upward fold
downward fold
break in a rock
in Earth's crust along which movement occurs
anticline
upward fold
syncline
downward fold
15 terms
5th Grade Science Changing the Earth's Surface
weathering
sediment
physical
plate motion
The mechanical and chemical processes that change Earth's sur…
The material formed from rocks broken down by weathering.
The process of breaking down rock without changing the compos…
Rocks can break as a result of this or when a boulder rolls o…
weathering
The mechanical and chemical processes that change Earth's sur…
sediment
The material formed from rocks broken down by weathering.
15 terms
Science chapter 6: earth's changing surfaces
Plateau
Crust
Sediment
Erosion
A flat landform found at high elevation
The rocky outer layer of earth surface
When agents of mechanical weathering break rocks into smaller…
Wind water and ice move sediment during this provess
Plateau
A flat landform found at high elevation
Crust
The rocky outer layer of earth surface
9 terms
Science Chapter 8- Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
topography
volcano
a natural feature on Earth's surface
an area that is higher than the land around it
the shape of landforms in an area
a mountain that forms as lava flows through a crack onto Eart…
landform
a natural feature on Earth's surface
mountain
an area that is higher than the land around it
27 terms
Science: Chapter 9 - Changes to Earth's Surface
weathering
landform
erosion
deposition
an ongoing process in which rocks in the Earth's crust are sl…
natural features on the Earth's surface
process in which water, ice, gravity, and wind often work tog…
the laying down of pieces of the Earth's surface
weathering
an ongoing process in which rocks in the Earth's crust are sl…
landform
natural features on the Earth's surface
28 terms
Earth's Changing Surface
sedimentation
infiltration
permeable
percolate
process in which material (sediments) is carried to the botto…
a process in which water soaks into the soil
soil and rock through which water can flow
to pass through a porous/permeable substance
sedimentation
process in which material (sediments) is carried to the botto…
infiltration
a process in which water soaks into the soil
22 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
landform
topography
sand dune
weathering
a natural shape or feature
all the kinds of landforms in a certain place
a hill of sand, made and shaped by the wind
the process of wearing away rocks by natural means
landform
a natural shape or feature
topography
all the kinds of landforms in a certain place
30 terms
Earth's Changing Surface
Weathering
Erosion
Uniformitarianism
Mechanical Weathering
the chemical and physical process that breaks down rock at Ea…
the process by which water, wind, ice, or gravity moves weath…
the geologic principle stating that the same geologic process…
the type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
Weathering
the chemical and physical process that breaks down rock at Ea…
Erosion
the process by which water, wind, ice, or gravity moves weath…
49 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
feature
landscape
landform
model
A noticeable characteristic or trait
a large area of land that includes a wide variety of surface…
A part of the Earth's surface that has a unique shape, it is…
An object that represents something that is similar to the re…
feature
A noticeable characteristic or trait
landscape
a large area of land that includes a wide variety of surface…
24 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 5 (Changing Earth)
anno mundi
nebular
magma
ex nihilo
"year of the earth"
The_____________ Hypothesis has been developed by secular sci…
molten rock
" from nothing"
anno mundi
"year of the earth"
nebular
The_____________ Hypothesis has been developed by secular sci…
11 terms
Science Chapter 9 Earth's Changing Surface
landform
igneous
humus
sedimentary
natural land features on Earth's surface
rocks that form from molten rock
a material in soil made up of decayed plants and animasl
rocks formed when layers of sediments settle on top of one an…
landform
natural land features on Earth's surface
igneous
rocks that form from molten rock
10 terms
Earth's Changing Surface
Surface Water
Groundwater
Water table
Watershed
Water on the Earth's surface
Water below the earth's surface
The upper surface of underground water
An area of land that drains into a river or lake.
Surface Water
Water on the Earth's surface
Groundwater
Water below the earth's surface
12 terms
Science: changing Earth's surface
Gravity
Mudflow
Landslide
Slump
A force that moves rock and other materials downhill
Description: Rapid downhill movement of water rock and soil... O…
Rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope... Most destructi…
Mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down slope... Moves in one…
Gravity
A force that moves rock and other materials downhill
Mudflow
Description: Rapid downhill movement of water rock and soil... O…
27 terms
Science Earth's Changing Surface
Crust
Mantle
Landforms
Weathering
The outer surface of Earth is a layer of rock called ------.…
The layer of Earths surface after the crust is -----.
------ are natural land features on Earth's surface.
------ is when rocks are broken into smaller pieces.
Crust
The outer surface of Earth is a layer of rock called ------.…
Mantle
The layer of Earths surface after the crust is -----.
29 terms
Science- Chapter 1 Earth's Changing Surface
joshuahpalmer
japan
canyons
caves
ring shaped islands formed from coral reefs; happens when the…
flat landforms along an ocean or large lake; may be rocky, pe…
a deep valley with very high, steep sides
an underground enclosure with access from the surface of the…
joshuahpalmer
ring shaped islands formed from coral reefs; happens when the…
japan
flat landforms along an ocean or large lake; may be rocky, pe…
22 terms
Earth's Surfaces: Changing Earth
crust
mantle
outer core
inner core
Earth's outermost layer.
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
A layer of molten (liquid) iron and nickel that surrounds the…
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
crust
Earth's outermost layer.
mantle
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
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