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Study sets matching "chapter earth science volcanoes"

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Study sets matching "chapter earth science volcanoes"

15 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18- Volcanoes
hot spots
vent
crater
caldera
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
opening on the surface at the end of the conduit
bowl-shaped depression around the vent at the top of a volcano
formed when the top of a volcano collapses after an eruption
hot spots
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
vent
opening on the surface at the end of the conduit
33 terms
Earth Science: Volcanoes
magma
lithosphere
asthenosphere
volcanism
Liquid rock formed under the Earth's surface.
The Earth's crust.
The upper mantle.
Any activity that includes the movement of magma towards the…
magma
Liquid rock formed under the Earth's surface.
lithosphere
The Earth's crust.
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13: Volcanoes
Magma
Lava
Volcano
Hot spots
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface
A vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
Areas where a plume of magma from the mantle rises through th…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Lava
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: volcanoes
composite volcano
composite volcano
cinder cone volcano
cinder cone volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
A small, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately ex…
composite volcano
composite volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
16 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 12- Volcanoes
magma
lava
magma chamber
vent
molten rock that is BELOW Earth's surface
molten rock that is ON Earth's surface
place where magma is stored under Earth's surface
opening where lava flows out to surface
magma
molten rock that is BELOW Earth's surface
lava
molten rock that is ON Earth's surface
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13: Volcanoes
Magma
Volcanism
Lava
Volcano
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
Magma after it has erupted onto Earth's surface,
A vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
Magma
Liquid rock that forms under Earth's surface.
Volcanism
Any activity that includes the movement of magma onto Earth's…
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9 - Volcanoes
volcano
nonexplosive volcanoes
explosive volcanoes
magma chamber
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
More rare than nonexplosive, produce huge amounts of ash, deb…
The body of molten rock below Earth's surface that feeds the…
volcano
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
nonexplosive volcanoes
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9- Volcanoes
A,a - Type of Lava
Pahoehoe - Type of Lava
Pillow Lava - Type of Lava
Blocky Lava - Type of Lava
-high viscosity... -thick... -sharp
-smooth, ... -little sound... -flows fast... -forms lava tubes... -forms…
-underwater, ... -forms bulbous mounds
-Form of A,a; ... -dense, ... -chunky, ... -rich of silica, ... -flows sl…
A,a - Type of Lava
-high viscosity... -thick... -sharp
Pahoehoe - Type of Lava
-smooth, ... -little sound... -flows fast... -forms lava tubes... -forms…
77 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Volcanoes
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
Eruptions of fluid basaltic lavas, suc…
In 1980, one of the most violent erupt…
silica content
False.... Silica within magma can begin to link and clump as it…
relatively quiet
Mount St. Helens
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
silica content
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
False.... Silica within magma can begin to link and clump as it…
20 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18- Volcanoes
volcanism
hot spots
conduit
vent
all the processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot…
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
tube-like structure that lava travels through to reach the su…
opening on the surface at the end of the conduit
volcanism
all the processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot…
hot spots
areas of volcanic activity that result from plumes of hot, so…
12 terms
Science - Layers of the Earth/Volcanoes
crust
mantle
core
magma
the outer layer of the Earth. It is thin and made mostly of r…
the thick and hot middle layer of the Earth
the inner layer the Earth. It has two parts: the inner and ou…
melted rock inside the Earth
crust
the outer layer of the Earth. It is thin and made mostly of r…
mantle
the thick and hot middle layer of the Earth
21 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 7, Volcanoes
lava
far from plate boundaries
being able to burn
pahoehoe
Once magma reaches the surface, it is called __________.
Hot spots can occur ___________________.
An example of a chemical property is __________
Very hot magma produces lava called __________.
lava
Once magma reaches the surface, it is called __________.
far from plate boundaries
Hot spots can occur ___________________.
31 terms
Volcanoes Chapter 8 Earth Science
magma
lava
rift zone
mafic
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's c…
magma that flows onto Earth's surface
area where deep cracks from at Divergent Boundaries
describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in magnesium and…
magma
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's c…
lava
magma that flows onto Earth's surface
ML Earth Science Chapter 5 - Volcanoes
Magma
Lava
Viscosity
aa
A body of molten rock found at depth
Erupted Magma
A measure of a material's resistance to flow
Lava flow consisting of rough jagged blocks
Magma
A body of molten rock found at depth
Lava
Erupted Magma
35 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18- Volcanoes
volcanism
volcano
ocean- ocean convergent volcanism
ocean-continent convergent volcanism
all the processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot…
both the opening in the Earth's surface through which molten…
volcanic island arc
volcanic mountain range
volcanism
all the processes associated with the discharge of magma, hot…
volcano
both the opening in the Earth's surface through which molten…
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13 Volcanoes
extinct
hot spot
explosive
shield volcano
As a plate moves over a hot spot, a previously formed volcano…
A volcano formed in the middle of a continental plate was mos…
The type of volcanic eruption that has huge pyroclastic flows…
Type of volcano formed by voluminous lava flow creating gentl…
extinct
As a plate moves over a hot spot, a previously formed volcano…
hot spot
A volcano formed in the middle of a continental plate was mos…
56 terms
Earth Science -Volcanoes
Water vapor, gases, and composition
volcano
3 gases trapped in magma
3 places volcanoes occur
controls the explosiveness of a volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface and…
Water vapor - carbon dioxide - sulfur
most on divergent plate boundaries, some on convergent, oth…
Water vapor, gases, and composition
controls the explosiveness of a volcano
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma comes to the surface and…
32 terms
MTEL: EARTH SCIENCE: VOLCANOES
ISLAND ARC
HOT SPOT
SILICA
PAHOEHOE
A string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
An area where material from deep within the mantle rises and…
A compound made up of the elements oxygen and silicon.
Fast-moving, hot lava that has low viscosity. The surface of…
ISLAND ARC
A string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
HOT SPOT
An area where material from deep within the mantle rises and…
32 terms
Volcanoes: Earth Science
volcano
magma
lava
crater
A vent in the Earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes,…
Melted rock beneath the Earth's surface.
Magma that has reached the Earth's surface.
A funnel-shaped pit which often forms around the vents of the…
volcano
A vent in the Earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes,…
magma
Melted rock beneath the Earth's surface.
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Volcanoes and Volcanism
igneous
volcano
vent
Pillow Lava
The type of rocks volcanoes are made of
A term that originally came from the name for a Roman god; a…
The place formed in a volcano where when magma forces its way…
forms underwater
igneous
The type of rocks volcanoes are made of
volcano
A term that originally came from the name for a Roman god; a…
10 terms
Earth Science Earthquakes and Volcanoes
earthquakes
volcanoes
Convection Current
hot spot
energy released as tectonic/lithospheric plates slide and scr…
the eruption of magma and rock material which is ejected or r…
the rising of hot, less dense material and sinking of cold, m…
a weak spot in Earth's crust where magma comes out
earthquakes
energy released as tectonic/lithospheric plates slide and scr…
volcanoes
the eruption of magma and rock material which is ejected or r…
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9 - Volcanoes
volcano
nonexplosive volcanoes
explosive volcanoes
magma chamber
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
More rare than nonexplosive, produce huge amounts of ash, deb…
The body of molten rock below Earth's surface that feeds the…
volcano
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
nonexplosive volcanoes
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
9 terms
Earth Science - Volcanoes
Lava
Volcano
Magma Chamber
Vent
Magma that flows onto the Earth's surface.
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
The body of molten rock that feeds a volcano.
An opening at the surface of the Earth through which volcanic…
Lava
Magma that flows onto the Earth's surface.
Volcano
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9- Volcanoes
A,a - Type of Lava
Pahoehoe - Type of Lava
Pillow Lava - Type of Lava
Blocky Lava - Type of Lava
-high viscosity... -thick... -sharp
-smooth, ... -little sound... -flows fast... -forms lava tubes... -forms…
-underwater, ... -forms bulbous mounds
-Form of A,a; ... -dense, ... -chunky, ... -rich of silica, ... -flows sl…
A,a - Type of Lava
-high viscosity... -thick... -sharp
Pahoehoe - Type of Lava
-smooth, ... -little sound... -flows fast... -forms lava tubes... -forms…
19 terms
Pearson Earth Science Chapter 5 - Volcanoes
Volcano
Magma
Magma
lava
"a mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material,…
When magma reaches the surface
Molten mixture of rock-forming substances.
when magma reaches the surface
Volcano
"a mountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material,…
Magma
When magma reaches the surface
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10: Volcanoes and Other Igneous Activity
Viscosity
Vent
Pyroclastic material
Volcano
a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow
an opening in the surface of Earth through which molten rock…
the volcanic rock ejected during an eruption, including ash,…
a mountain formed of lava and/or pyroclastic material
Viscosity
a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow
Vent
an opening in the surface of Earth through which molten rock…
32 terms
Mr Mark-Earth Science chapter 8 volcanoes
lahar
a Roman god
igneous
stratovolcano
a mudslide created by a volcano
the term volcano originally comes from the name for
Volcanoes are made up of ________rocks
the most common type of volcano structure is
lahar
a mudslide created by a volcano
a Roman god
the term volcano originally comes from the name for
17 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9 - Volcanoes
volcano
nonexplosive volcanoes
explosive volcanoes
magma chamber
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
More rare than nonexplosive, produce huge amounts of ash, deb…
The body of molten rock below Earth's surface that feeds the…
volcano
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
nonexplosive volcanoes
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
47 terms
Earth Science : Chapter 9 Volcanoes
volatiles
basalt lava
viscosity
rhyolitic lava
gaseous components of magma dissolved in the melt. volatiles…
contain less silica, are relatively fluid and have been known…
a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. magma's viscosity…
very viscous and tend to form comparatively short, thick flows
volatiles
gaseous components of magma dissolved in the melt. volatiles…
basalt lava
contain less silica, are relatively fluid and have been known…
25 terms
Earth Science Section 2 Chapter 3- Volcanoes
volcano
magma
lava
crater
a vent in the Earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes…
melted rock beneath the Earth's surface
magma that has reached the Earth's surface
a funnel-shaped pit
volcano
a vent in the Earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes…
magma
melted rock beneath the Earth's surface
17 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 13 Volcanoes
magma
volcanism
lava
volcano
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
magma that flows onto Earth's surface
a vent or fissure in Earth's surface through which magma and…
magma
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
volcanism
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
17 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 9 - Volcanoes
volcano
nonexplosive volcanoes
explosive volcanoes
magma chamber
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
More rare than nonexplosive, produce huge amounts of ash, deb…
The body of molten rock below Earth's surface that feeds the…
volcano
A vent or crack in the Earth's surface through which magma an…
nonexplosive volcanoes
Most common type of volcano, produce relatively calm amounts…
20 terms
Earth Science Volcano Quiz
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where molten, material, or magma, co…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
When magma reaches the surface
A major volcanic belt that rims the Pacific Ocean
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten, material, or magma, co…
magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
10 terms
Chapter 12 Earth Science: Volcanoes
Volcano... - Hawaii is made up of a volc…
Crater... - The crater was made by a met…
Vent... The vent under the ocean helped…
Hot Spot... - There are several hotspots…
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or ven…
a large, bowl-shaped cavity in the ground or on the surface o…
an opening that allows air, gas, or liquid to pass out of or…
a small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in c…
Volcano... - Hawaii is made up of a volc…
a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or ven…
Crater... - The crater was made by a met…
a large, bowl-shaped cavity in the ground or on the surface o…
38 terms
MR Earth Science Mountains and Volcanoes
Deformation
Stress
Tensional stress
Compressional Stress
Any change to the original size and/or shape of a rock
Amount of force put in a specific area
stress relating to the pulling apart of an object
type of stress were rocks are squeezed or shortened
Deformation
Any change to the original size and/or shape of a rock
Stress
Amount of force put in a specific area
27 terms
earth science chapter 6 volcanoes
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
when magma reaches the surface
ONe major volcanic belt, formed by the many volcanoes that ri…
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, com…
magma
molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water f…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Volcanoes
Volcanoes forming over a hot spot caus…
The viscosity of magma depends upon
If magma is high in silica, the volcan…
Pahoehoe is
the formation of the Hawaiian Islands
silica content and temperature
erupt explosively
fast moving, hot lava
Volcanoes forming over a hot spot caus…
the formation of the Hawaiian Islands
The viscosity of magma depends upon
silica content and temperature
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Volcanos
volcano
magma chamber
vent
crater
a vent or fissure in the earths surface grouch which magma an…
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano. ... Origin-
an opening at the surface of the earth through which volcanic…
a funnel shaped pit near the top of the central vent of a vol…
volcano
a vent or fissure in the earths surface grouch which magma an…
magma chamber
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano. ... Origin-
21 terms
Earth Science 9 - Chapter 8 Volcanoes
fissure
active volcano
dormant volcano
effusive eruption
crack in the crust at a divergent plate boundary where magma…
volcano that is currently erupting or showing signs that it w…
volcano that is not currently erupting but has erupted in rec…
relatively gentle, non-explosive volcanic eruption
fissure
crack in the crust at a divergent plate boundary where magma…
active volcano
volcano that is currently erupting or showing signs that it w…
20 terms
Chapter 10 Earth Science-Volcanos
batholith
caldera
cinder cone
composite volcano
very large rock material underground formed when magma cools…
a very large opening at the top of the volcano caused when th…
volcanoes that with steep sides formed by tephra material.
volcanoes with medium sides formed from layers of lava and te…
batholith
very large rock material underground formed when magma cools…
caldera
a very large opening at the top of the volcano caused when th…
77 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Volcanoes
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
Eruptions of fluid basaltic lavas, suc…
In 1980, one of the most violent erupt…
silica content
False.... Silica within magma can begin to link and clump as it…
relatively quiet
Mount St. Helens
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
silica content
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
False.... Silica within magma can begin to link and clump as it…
30 terms
Earth Science- Chapter 14: Volcanoes
aa
pahoehoe
andesitic magma
basaltic magma
basaltic lava forming very rough jagged masses with a light f…
basaltic lava forming smooth undulating or ropy masses
medium silica content, medium viscosity, explosive, strata vo…
low silica content, no viscosity, non-explosive, shield volca…
aa
basaltic lava forming very rough jagged masses with a light f…
pahoehoe
basaltic lava forming smooth undulating or ropy masses
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13: Volcanoes
magma
volcanism
lava
vent
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface; formed by solid m…
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
magma that flows onto Earth's surface; when it cools and soli…
an opening from which lava flows
magma
liquid rock produced under Earth's surface; formed by solid m…
volcanism
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or on…
47 terms
Earth Science : Chapter 9 Volcanoes
volatiles
basalt lava
viscosity
rhyolitic lava
gaseous components of magma dissolved in the melt. volatiles…
contain less silica, are relatively fluid and have been known…
a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. magma's viscosity…
very viscous and tend to form comparatively short, thick flows
volatiles
gaseous components of magma dissolved in the melt. volatiles…
basalt lava
contain less silica, are relatively fluid and have been known…
16 terms
Chapter 10 earth science: Volcanoes
Volcano
Viscosity
Vent
Pyroclastic material
A mountain formed of lava and/or pyroclastic (solid rock) mat…
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. Higher viscosity m…
An opening in the surface of earth through which molten rock…
The volcanic rock ejected during and eruption, including ash,…
Volcano
A mountain formed of lava and/or pyroclastic (solid rock) mat…
Viscosity
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. Higher viscosity m…
16 terms
Earth Science - Ch. 12: Volcanoes
volcano
vent
crater
location of volcanoes
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
an opening in Earth's surface through which magma flows
steep-walled depression around a volcano's vent
places where plates are moving apart, where plates are moving…
volcano
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
vent
an opening in Earth's surface through which magma flows
22 terms
6th grade earth science: Volcanoes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of fire
Weak spot in the crust where molten material or magma comes t…
A molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water…
Magma that comes to earths surface
Major volcanic belt that is formed by the many volcanoes that…
Volcano
Weak spot in the crust where molten material or magma comes t…
Magma
A molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5: Volcanoes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Ring of Fire
A mountain that forms in Earth's crust when magma reaches the…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Magma when it reaches the surface.
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Volcano
A mountain that forms in Earth's crust when magma reaches the…
Magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
49 terms
Volcanoes: Earth Science
Volcano
Magma
Outer Crust
Interplate
any place on a planet where some material from the inside of…
fluid molten rock
layer of rock which life occurs on Earth.
Volcanic activity that happens inside of a plate
Volcano
any place on a planet where some material from the inside of…
Magma
fluid molten rock
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