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Study sets matching "chapters 11 14 science"

16 terms
Science chapters 11-14
atom
theory
electrons
model
the smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
an unifying explanation for a broad range of hypotheses and o…
the negatively charged particles found in all atoms.
is a representation of an object or system.
atom
the smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
theory
an unifying explanation for a broad range of hypotheses and o…
Science Chapters 11-14
Troposphere
Tropopause
Stratosphere
Stratopause
-closest to the Earth... -contains most of the mass of the atmos…
-16km above Earth's surface... -Varies in height ... -Gradual decre…
-primarily in the ozone... -Heated, and air increases in temp to…
-50km above Earth's surface
Troposphere
-closest to the Earth... -contains most of the mass of the atmos…
Tropopause
-16km above Earth's surface... -Varies in height ... -Gradual decre…
59 terms
Science chapter 11 & 14
Dr. Arnold Beckman
Elements
Metals
Shiny, malleable, good conductors
First electronic Ph meter invented by
Basic building blocks of matter
More than 3/4 of the elements are
Physical properties of metals
Dr. Arnold Beckman
First electronic Ph meter invented by
Elements
Basic building blocks of matter
32 terms
science chapters 11-14
a series of paired statements which is…
the science of describing, naming, and…
what scientist invented taxonomy
the 8 levels of classification from ge…
dichotomous key
taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
domains, kingdoms, phyla, classes, orders, families, genius,…
a series of paired statements which is…
dichotomous key
the science of describing, naming, and…
taxonomy
40 terms
Chapter 11-14- Science
atom
electron
nucleus
electron cloud
smallest unit of an element that maintains properties of that…
a subatomic particle thats made up of protons & neutrons
atoms central region; made up of protons & neutrons
region around nucleus of atom where electrons are likely to b…
atom
smallest unit of an element that maintains properties of that…
electron
a subatomic particle thats made up of protons & neutrons
16 terms
chapter 11 science 14
homeostasis
insulin
high blood pressure
gallstones
relatively constant internal physical and chemical conditions…
Produced and secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas, insu…
heart is pumping to fast
too much cholesterol/too few bile salts causes the cholestero…
homeostasis
relatively constant internal physical and chemical conditions…
insulin
Produced and secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas, insu…
16 terms
Science 14 Chapter 11 Vocabulary
homeostasis
insulin
high blood pressure
gallstone
the tendancy or ability of body systems to stay in balance
a hormone that regulates the production of gulcose
the illness in which a person has blood pressure that is rout…
crystallized cholesterol that forms in the gall bladder----an…
homeostasis
the tendancy or ability of body systems to stay in balance
insulin
a hormone that regulates the production of gulcose
Science 14 Chapter 11 Vocabulary
homeostasis
insulin
high blood pressure
gallstone
the tendancy or ability of body systems to stay in balance
a hormone that regulates the production of gulcose
the illness in which a person has blood pressure that is rout…
crystallized cholesterol that forms in the gall bladder----an…
homeostasis
the tendancy or ability of body systems to stay in balance
insulin
a hormone that regulates the production of gulcose
25 terms
chapter 11-14 science
inh.= sexlinked
inh.= autosomal dominant
inh.= nondisjunction
inh.= autosomal recessive
muscular dystrophy
huntington's disease
downs syndrome
phenylketonuria
inh.= sexlinked
muscular dystrophy
inh.= autosomal dominant
huntington's disease
33 terms
science chapter 11 and 14
genetics
fertilization
true breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
35 terms
Science Chapters 11&14 vocab
260-279 340-359
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
...
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
260-279 340-359
...
genetics
scientific study of heredity
26 terms
Science Final chapters 11-14
inertia
Newton's first law
Newton's second law
momentum
tendency of an object in motion stays in motion
an object in motion stays in motion unless an outside force s…
the greater the mass of an object the greater the amount of f…
measure of amount of motion of moving object
inertia
tendency of an object in motion stays in motion
Newton's first law
an object in motion stays in motion unless an outside force s…
30 terms
Science chapter 11 and 14
Which of the following is a component…
What process is being modeled in the p…
How does this process appear in the at…
Why would point A have the warmest cli…
Nitrogen
Radiation
The transferring of thermal energy from the sun to earth
The sun's rays are nearly perpendicular to point A
Which of the following is a component…
Nitrogen
What process is being modeled in the p…
Radiation
31 terms
Science chapter 11 & 14
What is work
Must be present in order for work to h…
Can force be in different directions?…
How is power different from work
When a force causes an object to move in the same direction t…
Apply a force and move the object in the same direction
Yes, lawnmower
Power is how quickly work is done
What is work
When a force causes an object to move in the same direction t…
Must be present in order for work to h…
Apply a force and move the object in the same direction
84 terms
Environmental Science Chapters 11-14
Energy Density
Energy Efficiency
Fossil Fuel
Coal
The amount of energy contained within an energy source.
A measure of the fraction of energy used relative to the tota…
Combustible deposits in Earth's crust, composed of the remnan…
A black combustible solid composed mainly of carbon, water, a…
Energy Density
The amount of energy contained within an energy source.
Energy Efficiency
A measure of the fraction of energy used relative to the tota…
31 terms
Earth Science - Chapters 11-14
Thermometer
Barometer
Psychrometer
Hygrometer
- Measures temperature.... - Invented by Galileo in 1592
- Measures atmospheric pressure... - Normal air pressure at sea…
- Measures humidity by measuring the difference in temperatur…
- Measures humidity by measuring the lengthening & shortening…
Thermometer
- Measures temperature.... - Invented by Galileo in 1592
Barometer
- Measures atmospheric pressure... - Normal air pressure at sea…
256 terms
Environmental Science Chapters 11-14
Energy Density
Energy Efficiency
Fossil Fuel
Coal
The amount of energy contained within an energy source.
A measure of the fraction of energy used relative to the tota…
Combustible deposits in Earth's crust, composed of the remnan…
A black combustible solid composed mainly of carbon, water, a…
Energy Density
The amount of energy contained within an energy source.
Energy Efficiency
A measure of the fraction of energy used relative to the tota…
58 terms
Science: Chapters 11 & 14 Vocab
Homologous Chromosomes
size, shape, centromere, banding, gene…
homologous
one parent
similar in size, shape, centromere position, banding pattern,…
similar in ____, ___, _____ position, _____ pattern, and ____…
The 23 pairs of human chromosomes are said to be _________
Each chromosome in a homologous pair comes from _____ _____
Homologous Chromosomes
similar in size, shape, centromere position, banding pattern,…
size, shape, centromere, banding, gene…
similar in ____, ___, _____ position, _____ pattern, and ____…
Science Final Chapters 11-14
Speed
Average speed
displacement
velocity
the distance an object travels per unit of time
calculated by dividing the total distance traveled by the tot…
distance and direction of an object's position from the start…
Includes the speed of an object and it's direction of motion
Speed
the distance an object travels per unit of time
Average speed
calculated by dividing the total distance traveled by the tot…
67 terms
Science- The 11 Systems (Chapter 14)
Nervous system
Structure of nervous system
Integumentary system
Structure of integumentary system
Communications through the body (via neurons)
Brain
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury, regulates t…
Skin
Nervous system
Communications through the body (via neurons)
Structure of nervous system
Brain
57 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapters 11, 14 and 15
71 %
97%
Surface water
drinking water, water to grow crops, f…
of the Earth's surface is covered with water.
Nearly how much of the Earth's water is salt water in oceans…
is fresh water on Earth's land surface. can found in places s…
Rivers, lakes, man-made reservoirs, aquifers and streams prov…
71 %
of the Earth's surface is covered with water.
97%
Nearly how much of the Earth's water is salt water in oceans…
12 terms
Science Vocabulary 10/11-14 Chapter 3
biome
desert
savanna
tundra
a large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
a region that has little or no plant life, long periods witho…
a grassland that often has scattered trees and that is found…
a treeless plain found in the Arctic, in the Antarctic, or on…
biome
a large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
desert
a region that has little or no plant life, long periods witho…
26 terms
Science Test chapters 11 and 14
Gregor Mendel
true breeding
Autosomes
carrier
An Austrian monk who is known as the father of genetics
an organism that always passes down certain phenotypic traits
the remaining 44 of the 46 chromosomes
a woman who carries the dominant gene and the recessive gene…
Gregor Mendel
An Austrian monk who is known as the father of genetics
true breeding
an organism that always passes down certain phenotypic traits
68 terms
science chapter 11 and 14 test
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
the scientific study of heredity that is key to understanding…
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
a specific characteristic such as seed color or plant height,…
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the scientific study of heredity that is key to understanding…
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
66 terms
science vocab chapter 11-14
atom
nucleus
electrons
electron cloud
the smallest particlein which element can be divided and stil…
an atom's central region, which is made up of protons and neu…
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
a region around the nucleus of an atom where electrons are li…
atom
the smallest particlein which element can be divided and stil…
nucleus
an atom's central region, which is made up of protons and neu…
39 terms
Chapters 11, 13, 14, 15, 16 Science
River System
tributary
gradient
load
a network of streams and rivers that drains an area of its ru…
a stream that flows into a lake or larger stream
the measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance
the materials carried by a stream
River System
a network of streams and rivers that drains an area of its ru…
tributary
a stream that flows into a lake or larger stream
14 terms
Science Chapter 11 Vocab (14)
rotation
axis
revolution
eclipse
the turning of an object on an axis
an imaginary line running through the center of Earth from th…
the movement of one object in an orbit around another object
an event that occurs when one object passes into the shadow o…
rotation
the turning of an object on an axis
axis
an imaginary line running through the center of Earth from th…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapters 11, 12, 14
distance
displacement
vector
speed
length of the path between two points
relativity of a straight line connecting tehh start and end p…
quantity with a direction
ratio of distance to time; S=D/T
distance
length of the path between two points
displacement
relativity of a straight line connecting tehh start and end p…
58 terms
Chapter 11-14 Science Vocabulary
frame of referance
relative motion
distance
meter
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
movement in relation to a frame of referance
the length of a path between 2 points
SI unit for distance
frame of referance
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
relative motion
movement in relation to a frame of referance
35 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 11-14
Pulling apart, allowing magma to come…
Slid together
Two plates are colliding
Most dangerous mining there is for an…
Divergent
Slide
Convergent
Sub Surface Mining/Underground Mining
Pulling apart, allowing magma to come…
Divergent
Slid together
Slide
52 terms
Science Chapter 11,14,15
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Fusion of male and female gametes.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Fusion of male and female gametes.
23 terms
science chapter 11 12 and 14
motion
frame of reference
distance
displacement
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
a system of specifying the precise location of objects in spa…
the amount of space between to objects or people
the change in position of an object
motion
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
frame of reference
a system of specifying the precise location of objects in spa…
206 terms
Political Science Chapter 11-14
Constitutional Authority (presidential)
Statutory Authority (presidential)
Vesting clause
Head of government
Powers derived from the provisions of the Constitution that o…
Powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the…
Article II, Section I, of the Constitution, which states that…
One role of the P, through which he/she has authority over th…
Constitutional Authority (presidential)
Powers derived from the provisions of the Constitution that o…
Statutory Authority (presidential)
Powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the…
90 terms
Political Science Chapter 11-14
Primary Election
General Election
Candidate Centered Campaigns
Party Centered Campaigns
An election that will elect one representative per political…
an election normally held in November, that determines who wi…
politics that focuses on candidates, their particular issues,…
a campaign in which the party coordinates activities, raises…
Primary Election
An election that will elect one representative per political…
General Election
an election normally held in November, that determines who wi…
15 terms
Physical Science Chapters 11,12 13,14,15
electromagnetic waves
visible light
opaque
transluscent
waves created by vibrating electric charges; can travel throu…
electromagnetic waves with wavelengths 390 billionths to 770…
material that absorbs or reflects all light.... impossible to se…
material that allows some light to pass through but not enoug…
electromagnetic waves
waves created by vibrating electric charges; can travel throu…
visible light
electromagnetic waves with wavelengths 390 billionths to 770…
14 terms
Science chapter 11/14 test
Trait
Gene
Allele
Law of dominance
Characteristics
Part of DNA coding for trait
2 contrasting forms of gene
Dominance vs. recessive alleles
Trait
Characteristics
Gene
Part of DNA coding for trait
Science Vocabulary 11-14
Nutrients
Substantial
Pulse Rate
Ponder
Completely broken down pieces of food
Of considerable importance size or worth
The number of times the heart beats per minute
To reflect deeply on a subject
Nutrients
Completely broken down pieces of food
Substantial
Of considerable importance size or worth
Chapter 11-14 science test
Medium
Transverse waves
Longitudinal/compressional wave
Compressions
Material a wave length moves through
Particles move up and down (stadium wave)
Particles move side to side (slinky)
Areas of high density
Medium
Material a wave length moves through
Transverse waves
Particles move up and down (stadium wave)
44 terms
political science chapters 11, 14,15
mass party
nationalization
party system
political appointment
one that attempts to gain commited adherents, usually as form…
putting major industries under government ownership
how parties interact with each other
government job given to a non-civil servant, often as a rewar…
mass party
one that attempts to gain commited adherents, usually as form…
nationalization
putting major industries under government ownership
39 terms
Science: Chapters 11,12,13,14
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Electron Cloud
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
In physical science, an atom's central region, which is made…
A region around the nucleus of an atom where electrons are li…
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
Electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
36 terms
Environmental Science Chapters 10-11,13-14
Soil: 6 Components
Soil Texture
Mollisols - Alfisols -Aridisols
Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
Sand and gravel... Silts and clay... Dead organic material... Soil fau…
The amount of sand, silt, and clay
Mollisols... Grasslands ... More organic... Alfisols... Thin layer... Ari…
Fungal and root of plant symbiosis... Many plants species grow b…
Soil: 6 Components
Sand and gravel... Silts and clay... Dead organic material... Soil fau…
Soil Texture
The amount of sand, silt, and clay
21 terms
Science chapters: 11-12-13-14
force
net force
balanced forces
unbalanced forces
it is a push or a pull
Is the combo of all forces acting on an object
Their effects cancel each other: do not cancel their Velocity
net force is not zero: effects do not cancel
force
it is a push or a pull
net force
Is the combo of all forces acting on an object
27 terms
NYA Environmental Science Terms Chapters 11-14
Resource Management
Maximum Sustainable Yield
Ecosystem-based management
Adaptive Management
The managing of resource harvesting so that resources are not…
To harvest the maximum amount of a resource without reducing…
To harvest resources in ways that minimize impact on the ecos…
Involves scientifically testing different management approach…
Resource Management
The managing of resource harvesting so that resources are not…
Maximum Sustainable Yield
To harvest the maximum amount of a resource without reducing…
84 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapters 11-14
Pesticides
Pests
DDT
Integrated pest management
Include herbicides, detrimental to 'beneficial' organisms
Undesirable competitors, parasites, or predators
Chlorinated hydrocarbon, very powerful, long lasting, inexpen…
Holistic pest management strategy, combines strategies of bio…
Pesticides
Include herbicides, detrimental to 'beneficial' organisms
Pests
Undesirable competitors, parasites, or predators
38 terms
Earth science 11 chapters 13 and 14
Watershed
Suspension
Stream piracy
Base level
All the land that drains into the river directly or through t…
River water looks muddy, it's carrying rock material
Erosion that brings about the formation of a river valley
The level of the largest body of into which it flows
Watershed
All the land that drains into the river directly or through t…
Suspension
River water looks muddy, it's carrying rock material
18 terms
Science Chapters 11.1-11.4 and 14.1/14.2
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Mono hybrid
Dihybrid
Hybrid
Pure
One trait 4 boxes
Two traits 16 boxes
Heterozygous
Hybrid
Homozygous
Pure
6 terms
Science 11.14
Sediments
Compaction
Cementation
Fossil fuels
Small particles of rock that have been weathered (broken) off…
When sediments are pressed together by the weight of layers p…
When sediment particles are cemented together by crystals tha…
The fuels formed from the organic remains of prehistoric plan…
Sediments
Small particles of rock that have been weathered (broken) off…
Compaction
When sediments are pressed together by the weight of layers p…
135 terms
Environmental Science, Chapters 10, 11 & 14
alley cropping
animal manure
aquaculture
compost
Planting of crops in strips with rows of trees or shrubs on e…
Dung and urine of animals used as a form of organic fertilizer
Growing and harvesting of fish and shellfish for human use in…
Partially decomposed organic plant and animal matter used as…
alley cropping
Planting of crops in strips with rows of trees or shrubs on e…
animal manure
Dung and urine of animals used as a form of organic fertilizer
Earth Science Meteorology Review Chapters 11-14
weather
climite
components of clean dry air
1. variable components of air
state of the atmosphere in a particular place.... 1. short perio…
1. long period of time.... 2. generalized, composite of weather.
1.Nitrogen (78 %) ... 2. Oxygen (21 %) ... 3. Argon and other gases…
1. water vapor- (varies considerably, 4% of air volume, forms…
weather
state of the atmosphere in a particular place.... 1. short perio…
climite
1. long period of time.... 2. generalized, composite of weather.
11 terms
Environmental Science Chapters 11, 12, &14
Biodiversity
Extinction
Most Likely to Become Extinct
Least Likely to Become Extinct
A broad term used to describe the diversiy of genes, species…
The elimination of all the individuals of a particular species.
Low population density... Found in small area... Specialized niche…
High population density... Found in large area... Generalized niche…
Biodiversity
A broad term used to describe the diversiy of genes, species…
Extinction
The elimination of all the individuals of a particular species.
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