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Study sets matching "chapters 54"

57 terms
Chapters 54.7-54.12
Animals with a homing instinct can...
migrations
map
compass
recognize complex features of the environment to return to th…
Long-range, two-way movements
that is, know where to go
use environmental cues to guide their journey
Animals with a homing instinct can...
recognize complex features of the environment to return to th…
migrations
Long-range, two-way movements
10 terms
Chapter 54
dearth
paucity
exiguous
eke
Scarcity
(n) scarcity, the state of being small in number
scanty; small in quantity
to supplement; to manage to make a living with difficulty; to…
dearth
Scarcity
paucity
(n) scarcity, the state of being small in number
9 terms
Chapter 54
a. Regular surfaces
d. Aliens
a. True
a. Curving forms that evolve from no s…
Which of the following is not characteristic of the Organic a…
Common motifs from the Organic and Sculptural period include…
Organic architecture has roots in primitive vernacular forms…
Which of the following characteristics is not unique to Organ…
a. Regular surfaces
Which of the following is not characteristic of the Organic a…
d. Aliens
Common motifs from the Organic and Sculptural period include…
17 terms
Chapter 54
bicentennial
Organization of the Petroleum Exportin…
National Energy Act
tax credit
a 200th anniversary
formed in 1960 by Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and Venez…
a law passed by Congress in 1978 to offer tax credits to peop…
a reduction in the amount a taxpayer must pay to the government
bicentennial
a 200th anniversary
Organization of the Petroleum Exportin…
formed in 1960 by Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and Venez…
50 terms
Chapter 54
community
interspecific interactions
interspecific competition
competitive exclusion
All the organisms that inhabit a particular area; an assembla…
A relationship between individuals of two or more species in…
Competition for resources between individuals of two or more…
The concept that when population of two similar species coat…
community
All the organisms that inhabit a particular area; an assembla…
interspecific interactions
A relationship between individuals of two or more species in…
36 terms
Chapters 53 and 54 Vocabulary
auspex, auspicis, m.
prōnuba, -ae, f.
nova nupta, -ae, f.
dēductiō
priest
matron of honor
bride
procession
auspex, auspicis, m.
priest
prōnuba, -ae, f.
matron of honor
69 terms
Chapter 54
hortor, hortārī, hortātus sum
lēvis, lēvis, lēve
coxa, coxae, f.
est arcessendus
to encourage, urge
smooth
hipbone
(he) must be sent for
hortor, hortārī, hortātus sum
to encourage, urge
lēvis, lēvis, lēve
smooth
24 terms
Chapter 54
Ecology
Biome
Biotic
Abiotic
The study of interactions among organisms and their environme…
A major type of habitat where organisms are found.
Interactions among organisms.
Interactions between organisms and their non-living environme…
Ecology
The study of interactions among organisms and their environme…
Biome
A major type of habitat where organisms are found.
8 terms
Chapter 54
frater, fratris, m.
pons, pontis, pontium, m.
potestas, potestatis, f.
soror, sororis, f.
brother
bridge
power
sister
frater, fratris, m.
brother
pons, pontis, pontium, m.
bridge
34 terms
Chapter 54
Fundamental niche
Realized niche
Symbiosis
Parasitism
niche potentially occupied by the species- rhetorical
portion of fundamental niche the species actually occupies
Individuals of two or more species live in close contact with…
+/- : parasite derives nourishment from a second organism, it…
Fundamental niche
niche potentially occupied by the species- rhetorical
Realized niche
portion of fundamental niche the species actually occupies
30 terms
Chapter 54
Ecology
Environmentalism
Biotic
Abiotic
the scientific investigation of interactions among organisms…
the use of ecological knowledge, along with economics, ethics…
living components of ecosystems
physical and chemical components of ecosystems
Ecology
the scientific investigation of interactions among organisms…
Environmentalism
the use of ecological knowledge, along with economics, ethics…
52 terms
Chapter 54
Community interactions
Interspecific Interactions
competition
Interference Competition
classified by whether they help, harm, or have no effect on t…
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis, and facilitation
a (-/-) interaction... occurs when species compete for a resourc…
fighting each other and one has an advantage
Community interactions
classified by whether they help, harm, or have no effect on t…
Interspecific Interactions
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis, and facilitation
Chapter 54
hortor hortari hortatus sum hortatus
levis levis leve
coxa coxae f
est arcessendus
to encourage
smooth
hipbone
must be sent for
hortor hortari hortatus sum hortatus
to encourage
levis levis leve
smooth
chapter 54
chemical cycling
energy flow
producers
consumers
cycling nutrients through an ecosystem
energy from one thing to another and cant be recycled
autotrophs- use light energy to synthesize
primary- herbivores who eat plants, secondary- carnivores who…
chemical cycling
cycling nutrients through an ecosystem
energy flow
energy from one thing to another and cant be recycled
57 terms
Chapter 54
Ecology(important concepts)
Evolution
community
6 types of species interactions
Biosphere... ecosystem... community... population... organism
Gene Flow... Mutation... Natural Selection... Genetic Drift
an interacting group of various species in a common location
predation (+/-)... herbivory (+/-)... competition (- / -)... parasitis…
Ecology(important concepts)
Biosphere... ecosystem... community... population... organism
Evolution
Gene Flow... Mutation... Natural Selection... Genetic Drift
54 terms
Chapter 54
interspecific interactions
intraspecific interactions
symbiosis
interspecific competition
A relationship between individuals of two or more species in…
interaction between individuals of the same specie
A close relationship between two species that benefits at lea…
Species compete for a limiting resource. (-/-)
interspecific interactions
A relationship between individuals of two or more species in…
intraspecific interactions
interaction between individuals of the same specie
143 terms
Chapter 54
Duodenum
Vili of Intestines
Liver
Gallbladder
-Release of enzymes from pancreas and bile from gallbladder t…
...
Produces Bile
Stores Bile
Duodenum
-Release of enzymes from pancreas and bile from gallbladder t…
Vili of Intestines
...
50 terms
Chapter 54
Community
inter-specific interactions
inter-specific competition
competitive exclusion
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis and facilitation…
a -/- relationship - individuals of different species compete…
local elimination of the inferior competitor
Community
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
inter-specific interactions
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis and facilitation…
22 terms
Chapter 54
hortor, hortārī, hortātus sum
lēvis, lēvis, lēve
coxa, coxae, f.
est arcessendus
to encourage, urge
smooth, light
hipbone
must be sent for
hortor, hortārī, hortātus sum
to encourage, urge
lēvis, lēvis, lēve
smooth, light
19 terms
Chapter 54
Abscess
Acute
Apical Curettage
Apicoectomy
Localized area of pus originating from an infection.
Pertaining to a traumatic, pathologic or physiologic occurren…
Surgical removal of infectious material surrounding the apex…
Surgical removal of the apical portion of the tooth through a…
Abscess
Localized area of pus originating from an infection.
Acute
Pertaining to a traumatic, pathologic or physiologic occurren…
35 terms
Chapter 54
emigration
age structure
carrying capacity (K)
intrinsic rate of increase (rmax)
The migration of individuals away from one population to othe…
The proportion of individuals in a population that are of eac…
The maximum population size of a certain species that a given…
The rate at which a population will grow under optimal condit…
emigration
The migration of individuals away from one population to othe…
age structure
The proportion of individuals in a population that are of eac…
36 terms
Chapter 54
coxa
mimus
morbus
familiares
hipbone
actor of mime, buffoon
illness
members of the houshold
coxa
hipbone
mimus
actor of mime, buffoon
19 terms
chapter 54
aedes, is [f]
caedes, is [f]
munitio, munitionis [f]
obses, obsidis [m]
temple, pl. house
slaughter, murder
fortification
hostage
aedes, is [f]
temple, pl. house
caedes, is [f]
slaughter, murder
30 terms
Chapter 54
Community
Intraspecific
Interspecific
Predation
All the organisms that inhabit a particular area; an assembla…
Competition for resources between members of the same species…
Competition for resources between individuals of two or more…
An interaction between species in which on species, the preda…
Community
All the organisms that inhabit a particular area; an assembla…
Intraspecific
Competition for resources between members of the same species…
34 terms
Chapter 54
Community
Interspecific interactions
Interspecific competition
Competitive exclusion principle
Group of popualtions of diffent species living close enough t…
Competition, predation, and symbiosis ... Positive, negative, ne…
Resource in short supply ... -/-
When two species vying for a resource, eventually the one wit…
Community
Group of popualtions of diffent species living close enough t…
Interspecific interactions
Competition, predation, and symbiosis ... Positive, negative, ne…
19 terms
Chapter 54
Hortor, -ari, -atus sum
Febris, febris, f.
Morbus, -i, m.
Frango, frangere, fregi, fractus
Encourage, urge
Fever
Illness
Break
Hortor, -ari, -atus sum
Encourage, urge
Febris, febris, f.
Fever
54 terms
Chapter 54
esophagus
GERD
GERD: There are usually 2 high pressur…
GERD risk factors
-Partially digested food moves from esophagus to stomach.... -Co…
-Gastroesophageal reflux disease... -Most common upper GI disord…
1. upper esophageal sphincter: UES... 2. lower esophageal sphinc…
-Obesity... -Hiatal hernia... -Pts w/ helicobacter pylori
esophagus
-Partially digested food moves from esophagus to stomach.... -Co…
GERD
-Gastroesophageal reflux disease... -Most common upper GI disord…
18 terms
Chapter 54
Interspecific competition
Intraspecific competition
Competitive exclusion principal
Ecological niche
Competition for resources between individuals of two or more…
Competition between members of the same species for limited r…
When two populations of similar species compete for the same…
The sum of a species use of the biotic and a biotic resources…
Interspecific competition
Competition for resources between individuals of two or more…
Intraspecific competition
Competition between members of the same species for limited r…
24 terms
Chapter 54
Explain the difference between a funda…
Explain my importance of resource part…
Explain the symbolic relationship of p…
Explain the impact of a keystone speci…
Fundamental= potentially occupy without competition... Realized=…
It's important to share food so there is no competition that…
Parasitism= One benefits, other harmed... Mutualism= both benefi…
Important species that regulates other species in a community
Explain the difference between a funda…
Fundamental= potentially occupy without competition... Realized=…
Explain my importance of resource part…
It's important to share food so there is no competition that…
8 terms
Chapter 54
Mense Iulio tantus erat calor in urbe…
Cornelius, ut solebat, cum Tito frater…
Multos dies Titus in lecto iacebat. Pr…
Tandem tam infirmus erat ut vix loqui…
In the month of July there was such great heat in the city th…
Cornelius, as he was accustomed, had gone with his brother Ti…
Days later Titus was lying in bed. At first he seemed to be g…
Not long after he departed from life. Cornelius was overcome…
Mense Iulio tantus erat calor in urbe…
In the month of July there was such great heat in the city th…
Cornelius, ut solebat, cum Tito frater…
Cornelius, as he was accustomed, had gone with his brother Ti…
Chapter 54
adverse effects
bioequivalent
brand name
broad-spectrum
negative effects that outweigh the benefit of taking a medica…
having the same strength and action as the brand name version…
which is typically written with capitalized initial letters,…
effective against a large range of microorganisms, making the…
adverse effects
negative effects that outweigh the benefit of taking a medica…
bioequivalent
having the same strength and action as the brand name version…
21 terms
Chapter 54
Abscess
Apicoectomy
Debridement
Direct pulp cap
Localized area of puss originating from an infection
Surgical removal of the apical portion of the tooth through a…
To remove or clean out the pulpal canal
Application of dental material with an exposed or nearly expo…
Abscess
Localized area of puss originating from an infection
Apicoectomy
Surgical removal of the apical portion of the tooth through a…
51 terms
Chapter 54
community
interspecific ineractions
interspecific competition
competitive exclusion
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
include competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis, and fac…
-/- interaction that occurs when individuals of different spe…
local elimination of the inferior competitior
community
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interspecific ineractions
include competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis, and fac…
71 terms
Chapter 54
community
community ecology
interspecific interactions
competitive exclusion
group of populations of... different species living close enough…
study of interactions among all populations in a common envir…
can be positive, neutral or negative. competition, predation,…
No two similar species can occupy the same niche at the same…
community
group of populations of... different species living close enough…
community ecology
study of interactions among all populations in a common envir…
51 terms
Chapter 54.1-54.6
Proximate Causation
This is an example of what causation?…
Ultimate causation
Four Levels that biology can be analyzed
The mechanisms that produce the behavior. How a behavior is o…
Proximate
(Adaptive Value) How behavior influences survival or reproduc…
Physiology, Ontogeny, Phylogeny, Adaptive Significance
Proximate Causation
The mechanisms that produce the behavior. How a behavior is o…
This is an example of what causation?…
Proximate
41 terms
Chapter 54
community
interspecific interactions
interspecific competitions
competitive exclusion
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interactions with individuals of other species in the community
different species compete in a community
elimination of the inferior competitor
community
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interspecific interactions
interactions with individuals of other species in the community
18 terms
Chapter 54
Community
Inter-specific Interactions
Competition
Competitive Exclusion
a group of populations
interactions with individuals of other species in a community
-/- individuals of different species compete for a resource t…
elimination of the inferior, weaker competitor
Community
a group of populations
Inter-specific Interactions
interactions with individuals of other species in a community
8 terms
chapter 54
Antitussives:
Nasal Decongestants
Oral Decongestants
Topical Nasal Steroid Decongestants: f…
prototype-dextromethorphan: drugs that suppress the cough ref…
prototype-ephedrine: decrease overproduction of secretions by…
: prototype-pseudoephedrine: drugs that are taken to decrease…
popular to treatment of allergic rhinitis and to relieve infl…
Antitussives:
prototype-dextromethorphan: drugs that suppress the cough ref…
Nasal Decongestants
prototype-ephedrine: decrease overproduction of secretions by…
27 terms
Chapter 54
Adverse effect
Bioequivalent
Brand name
Broad spectrum
Negative effects that outweigh the benefit of taking a medica…
Drug that has the same strength and action of another drug.
Name given to a drug by it's manufacturer; with the first let…
Refers to antibiotics that are effective against a large rang…
Adverse effect
Negative effects that outweigh the benefit of taking a medica…
Bioequivalent
Drug that has the same strength and action of another drug.
Chapter 54
pompa
neniae
lictores
fasces
funeral procession
dirges
officials
bundles of sticks
pompa
funeral procession
neniae
dirges
20 terms
Chapter 54
Slide: Levels of Biological Organization
Slide: Communities
Slide: Interspecific Interactions
Slide: Interspecific Competition
-Organisms, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere
-Population - a group of interacting individuals of a particu…
-Are interactions between two species ... ---competition ... ---pre…
-An ecological niche is the some of all the biotic and abioti…
Slide: Levels of Biological Organization
-Organisms, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere
Slide: Communities
-Population - a group of interacting individuals of a particu…
24 terms
Chapter 54
Interspecific Competition
Parasitism
Ecological Niche
Resource Partitioning
Competition between species for resources.
One organism benefits while the other is harmed.
Total of a species use of abiotic and biotic resources.
Differentiation of ecological niches, allowing similar specie…
Interspecific Competition
Competition between species for resources.
Parasitism
One organism benefits while the other is harmed.
44 terms
Chapter 54
Community
Interspecific interactions
Interspecific competiton
competitive exclusion
A group of populations of different species living close enou…
Interactions of an organism including competition, predation,…
A -/- interaction that occurs when individuals of different s…
Two species competing for the same limiting resources cannot…
Community
A group of populations of different species living close enou…
Interspecific interactions
Interactions of an organism including competition, predation,…
24 terms
Chapter 54
What is Ecology?
Scales of life
Ecosystem
Levels of ecological organization
-interactions between organisms and environment... -distribution…
organism... population... community... ecosystem... biosphere
-all biotic and abiotic factors living in one area... -biotic=li…
Biomes:... -major terrestrial assemblages... -similar in plant ty…
What is Ecology?
-interactions between organisms and environment... -distribution…
Scales of life
organism... population... community... ecosystem... biosphere
14 terms
Chapter 54
Ecology
Environmentalism
Biotic
Abiotic
the investigation of interactions among organisms and the phy…
using ecology to help protect and make decisions regarding na…
living components; organisms, plants, animals, etc.
physical characteristics that make up the Earth; the temperat…
Ecology
the investigation of interactions among organisms and the phy…
Environmentalism
using ecology to help protect and make decisions regarding na…
25 terms
Chapter 54
community
ecosystem
ecological niche
habitat
different species living in the same area
biological community and its abiotic environment together
every species is thought to have its own structure/function o…
local environment
community
different species living in the same area
ecosystem
biological community and its abiotic environment together
28 terms
Chapter 54
community
interspecific interactions
symbiosis
commensalism
All the different populations that live together in an area
any interaction between members of different species
A close relationship between two species that benefits at lea…
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
community
All the different populations that live together in an area
interspecific interactions
any interaction between members of different species
33 terms
chapter 54
Community interactions are classified…
Examples of Interspecific Interactions…
Interspecific competition (interaction…
Resource partitioning
help, harm, or have no effect on the species involved
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis (parasitism, mut…
when species compete for a resource in short supply
is differentiation of ecological niches, enabling similar spe…
Community interactions are classified…
help, harm, or have no effect on the species involved
Examples of Interspecific Interactions…
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis (parasitism, mut…
14 terms
chapter 54
Mastitis
Breast abscess
Fibrocystic breast disease (mammary dy…
partial or segmentalmastectomy
an inflammation of breast tissue; can occur in one or both br…
localized collection of pus in breast tissue.
a benign breast condition that affects women primarily betwee…
surgical to remove part of the breast, axillary lymph nodes,…
Mastitis
an inflammation of breast tissue; can occur in one or both br…
Breast abscess
localized collection of pus in breast tissue.
26 terms
Chapter 54
pectus plangere
scissa veste
capillis solutis
pompa funebris
beat the breast
torn clothing
dishevelled hair
funeral procession
pectus plangere
beat the breast
scissa veste
torn clothing
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