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Study sets matching "chapters 9 12 psychology"

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Study sets matching "chapters 9 12 psychology"

53 terms
Psychology chapter 9 and 12
Crystallized Intelligence
Fluid intelligence
Brainstorming
Intelligence
Acauired skills and knowledge and ability to apply what you h…
Power of reasoning and using info. Ability to perceive relati…
Ppl coming together to share ideas through past influence and…
A process humans use to explain different degrees of adaptive…
Crystallized Intelligence
Acauired skills and knowledge and ability to apply what you h…
Fluid intelligence
Power of reasoning and using info. Ability to perceive relati…
85 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
A fertilized egg cell is called a(n)
What is the correct order of stages in…
The fetal stage of prenatal developmen…
An unlearned response to a particular…
zygote
Development happens quickly during the prenatal period, which…
The last stage of prenatal development is the fetal stage, wh…
unconditioned response
A fertilized egg cell is called a(n)
zygote
What is the correct order of stages in…
Development happens quickly during the prenatal period, which…
17 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
Genetics & Enviroment
Developmental Psychology
Cohort effects
Cross-Sectional Studies
both play a role in developing someone's IQ
study of how behaviors change over life
study of people in different enviroments
examine people at different ages at a single time point
Genetics & Enviroment
both play a role in developing someone's IQ
Developmental Psychology
study of how behaviors change over life
180 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
CHAPTER 9
What are some Biological Motives? (7)
What are some Social Motives? (8)
Motives:
...
Hunger... Thirst ... Temperature ... Excretory ... Sleep/rest... Activity ... A…
Achievement, ... Affiliation (social bonds), ... Autonomy (independ…
Needs, wants, desires leading to goal-directed beh (or away f…
CHAPTER 9
...
What are some Biological Motives? (7)
Hunger... Thirst ... Temperature ... Excretory ... Sleep/rest... Activity ... A…
45 terms
Psychology Chapters 9, 12
Classical Conditioning
Neutral STimulus
UCS
UCR
learning procedure that connects neural and natural stimuli
doesn't initially bring about a response
event that has a predictable response
automatic reaction to a stimulus
Classical Conditioning
learning procedure that connects neural and natural stimuli
Neutral STimulus
doesn't initially bring about a response
21 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
development
maturation
critical period
cross sectional method
intellectual, physical, and emotional changes from conception…
process of development governed by predetermined signals
special range of time sensitive to specific learning
one time, different stages,... cohort effects
development
intellectual, physical, and emotional changes from conception…
maturation
process of development governed by predetermined signals
119 terms
Psychology - Chapter 9-12
retrieval
"u" serial position effect
semantic encoding
mnemonic devices
getting information out of storage/LTM
primacy effect... more likely to remember first and last items o…
best retention - remembering based on meaning of words
general techniques used to help organization information for…
retrieval
getting information out of storage/LTM
"u" serial position effect
primacy effect... more likely to remember first and last items o…
49 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
Instincts
Are instincts learned?
Drives
Needs
Innate biological patterns of behavior assumed to be universa…
No, we are born with them
Aroused state that occurs due to psychological need... Psycholog…
Deprivation that energizes drive to reduce or eliminate that…
Instincts
Innate biological patterns of behavior assumed to be universa…
Are instincts learned?
No, we are born with them
60 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
Cognitive Psychologists
Prototypes
Algorithms
Insight
Study these in great detail:... -Concepts... -Problem Solving... -Deci…
Form concepts with mental images or typical examples
Exhaust all possibilities before arriving at a solution; very…
Sudden novel realization of a solution to a real problem; "ah…
Cognitive Psychologists
Study these in great detail:... -Concepts... -Problem Solving... -Deci…
Prototypes
Form concepts with mental images or typical examples
38 terms
Psychology Chapters 9 and 12
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
45 terms
Psychology chapter 9-12
personality
psychoanalytic theory
Unconscious
Id
the pattern of enduring characteristics and individuality in…
Freud's theory that unconscious forces acts as determinants o…
a part of the personality that contains the memories, knowled…
childish primitive drives related to hunger, sex, aggression,…
personality
the pattern of enduring characteristics and individuality in…
psychoanalytic theory
Freud's theory that unconscious forces acts as determinants o…
81 terms
Psychology chapters 9 & 12
Cognition
Concept
prototype
when examples stretch our definitions,…
Our mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, intel…
The mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, though…
When you form mental images or examples of something to help…
When do prototypes fail us?
Cognition
Our mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, intel…
Concept
The mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, though…
45 terms
Psychology chapters 9 - 12
Personality
Temperment
Big 5 Personality Traits
Openness
The collection of relatively enduring patterns of reacting to…
The emotional substrate of personality, the basic patterns of…
Cross cultural studies support 5 dimensions for adult persona…
Reflects the depth, complexity, and quality of a person's men…
Personality
The collection of relatively enduring patterns of reacting to…
Temperment
The emotional substrate of personality, the basic patterns of…
129 terms
PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTERS 9-12
cognition
concepts
prototype
trial and error
mental activities associated with thinking, learning, remembe…
mental groupings of similar people, places, objects, ideas, a…
a mental image or best example of a category
trying something to see if it works, and building off of it
cognition
mental activities associated with thinking, learning, remembe…
concepts
mental groupings of similar people, places, objects, ideas, a…
89 terms
Psychology Chapters 9 and 12
Development
Nature
Nurture
Resilience
Pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities that o…
Individuals biological inheritance (genes)
Individuals environment and social experiences
Persons ability to recover from/ adapt to difficult times
Development
Pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities that o…
Nature
Individuals biological inheritance (genes)
60 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
Which of the following areas refers to…
The study of phonemes is called:
One aspect of pragmatics is our use of…
Psychologists often report that the ye…
Semantics
Phonology
Nonverbal
Thirteen
Which of the following areas refers to…
Semantics
The study of phonemes is called:
Phonology
85 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12
A fertilized egg cell is called a(n)
What is the correct order of stages in…
The fetal stage of prenatal developmen…
An unlearned response to a particular…
zygote
Development happens quickly during the prenatal period, which…
The last stage of prenatal development is the fetal stage, wh…
unconditioned response
A fertilized egg cell is called a(n)
zygote
What is the correct order of stages in…
Development happens quickly during the prenatal period, which…
Chapters 9-12 Psychology
Motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation
Drive Reduction Theory
Process by which activities are started, directed, and contin…
Motivation in which a person performs an action because it le…
Motivation in which a person performs an action because the a…
Proposes behavior arises from a physiological need that cause…
Motivation
Process by which activities are started, directed, and contin…
Extrinsic motivation
Motivation in which a person performs an action because it le…
98 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 & 12
Cognition
Concept
Prototypes
Examples of prototypes
Our mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, intel…
The mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, though…
When you form mental images or examples of something to help…
patterns, example, sample, and model
Cognition
Our mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, intel…
Concept
The mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, though…
88 terms
Psychology- chapters 9-12
menarche
spermarche
pituitary
adrenal glands
a girls first menstrual cycle signaling that she has begun ov…
a boys first ejaculation of sperm
a gland in the brain that produces many hormones including th…
two glands located above the kidneys that produces hormones i…
menarche
a girls first menstrual cycle signaling that she has begun ov…
spermarche
a boys first ejaculation of sperm
48 terms
Chapter 9-12 Psychology
Nutrients and provides waste
Critical period
Maturation
Jean Piaget
What does the placenta provide?
A time when certain internal and external influences have a m…
Automatic biological unfolding of development in an organism…
Who studied cognitive development in childhood?
Nutrients and provides waste
What does the placenta provide?
Critical period
A time when certain internal and external influences have a m…
51 terms
Psychology chapter 9 & 12
development
nature
nurture
resilience
the pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities th…
an individual's biological inheritance, especially his or her…
an individual's environmental and social experiences
a persons ability to recover from or adapt to difficult times
development
the pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities th…
nature
an individual's biological inheritance, especially his or her…
84 terms
Psychology Chapter 9-12
A fertilized egg is called a
Which is the correct order of stages i…
The fetal stage of prenatal developmen…
An unlearned response to a particular…
zygote
Germinal, embryonic, fetal
9th week until delivery
Reflex
A fertilized egg is called a
zygote
Which is the correct order of stages i…
Germinal, embryonic, fetal
45 terms
Psychology - Chapter 9 & 12
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
a stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the unc…
an event that elicits a certain predictable response typicall…
an organism's automatic reaction to a stimulus
classical conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
neutral stimulus
a stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the unc…
96 terms
psychology chapter 9-12
employee engagement
job satisfaction
global approach
facet approach
s psychological state characterized by vigor, dedication, and…
the positive and negative feelings and attitudes about one's…
views job satisfaction as an overall construct
views job satisfaction as made up of individual elements, or…
employee engagement
s psychological state characterized by vigor, dedication, and…
job satisfaction
the positive and negative feelings and attitudes about one's…
103 terms
Psychology chapter 9-12
Intelligence
Stanford binet intelligence scale
Calculating IQs
Mentally disabled
The mental capacity to acquire knowledge reason and solve pro…
Developed by Louis Turman of Stanford University
Mental age divided by chronological age times 100
Representing the lower 2% of the IQ range
Intelligence
The mental capacity to acquire knowledge reason and solve pro…
Stanford binet intelligence scale
Developed by Louis Turman of Stanford University
16 terms
Psychology chapter 9-12
classical conditioning
Ivan pavlov
operant conditioning
B.F skinner
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
Russian psychologist who did the well known dog experiment
learning in which a certain action is reinforced or punished,…
the psychologist who was closest with operant conditioning. t…
classical conditioning
a learning procedure in which associations are made between a…
Ivan pavlov
Russian psychologist who did the well known dog experiment
75 terms
Psychology Chapter 9-12
Puberty
menarche
hormones
hypothalamus
A brain-neuroendocrine process occurring primarily in early a…
a girl's first menstruation
powerful chemical substances secreted by the endocrine glands…
A structure in the higher portion of the brain that monitors…
Puberty
A brain-neuroendocrine process occurring primarily in early a…
menarche
a girl's first menstruation
84 terms
Psychology Chapter 9-12
A fertilized egg is called a
Which is the correct order of stages i…
The fetal stage of prenatal developmen…
An unlearned response to a particular…
zygote
Germinal, embryonic, fetal
9th week until delivery
Reflex
A fertilized egg is called a
zygote
Which is the correct order of stages i…
Germinal, embryonic, fetal
37 terms
Psychology Chapter 9-12
Three Adult Attachment Styles
Three Types of Love
Advantages to having children later in…
Strategies for divorced adults
-Secure: Postive... -Avoidant: Hesitant... -Anxious: Emotional
-Romantic... -Affectionate... -Consumative
-time to consider and achive goals... -more mature, competent pa…
-chance to grow... -make decisions carefully... --focus on future n…
Three Adult Attachment Styles
-Secure: Postive... -Avoidant: Hesitant... -Anxious: Emotional
Three Types of Love
-Romantic... -Affectionate... -Consumative
97 terms
Social Psychology (Chapters 9-12)
Social comparison
Social exchange
Introverts
Individualists
need to understand ourselves and the world around us
keep track of relationship costs and rewards
operate at higher levels of arousal and strive to keep enviro…
tend to have numerous non-intimate relationships
Social comparison
need to understand ourselves and the world around us
Social exchange
keep track of relationship costs and rewards
40 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapters 9-12
Theory of mind
fast mapping
4 premises of Montessori learning
Reggio Emilia learning
a persons theory of what others might be thinking
learning new words and making connections after just one expo…
1. kids use all of their senses 2. kids have an inborn love o…
a self guided approach on education emphasizing arts, collabo…
Theory of mind
a persons theory of what others might be thinking
fast mapping
learning new words and making connections after just one expo…
Psychology Chapters: 9,12,13
Motivation
What is the Definition of Motivation?
What is Extrinsic Motivation?
Drive-Reduction Theory
Thoughts>Behaviors>Performance
-a process by which activities are started, directed, and con…
-acting because it leads to an outcome separate from the pers…
-behavior arises from psychological needs that push us to sat…
Motivation
Thoughts>Behaviors>Performance
What is the Definition of Motivation?
-a process by which activities are started, directed, and con…
72 terms
Psychology: Chapters 9-12 Exam
XY chromosomes
Teratogens vulnerability
Fetal stage
Embryonic stage
human sex chromosomes; determines biological sex
harmful agents or substances that can cause malformation or d…
the third and longest period of prenatal development, extendi…
the second period of prenatal development, extending from the…
XY chromosomes
human sex chromosomes; determines biological sex
Teratogens vulnerability
harmful agents or substances that can cause malformation or d…
114 terms
Developmental Psychology Chapters 9-12
Prefrontal cortex
2 to 3 inches a year
5 to 7 pounds a year
temporal and frontal lobes
Advances in the ______________, the highest level in the brai…
During the elementary years, children grow about ____ to ____…
During the middle and late child hood years, children gain ab…
Cortical Thickening across a two year period was observed in…
Prefrontal cortex
Advances in the ______________, the highest level in the brai…
2 to 3 inches a year
During the elementary years, children grow about ____ to ____…
53 terms
Psychology Chapters 9 cont.-12
Concrete Operational Stage
Decentering
Reversibility
Information Processing
The period of cognitive development between 7 and 12 years of…
Taking multiple aspects of a situation into account because t…
Realizing that a stimulus can be reversed, returning to its o…
Gets better with age.
Concrete Operational Stage
The period of cognitive development between 7 and 12 years of…
Decentering
Taking multiple aspects of a situation into account because t…
212 terms
Psychology 1305 Chapter 9-12
Chapter 9
cognition
concepts
prototype
9
involves the mental activities associated with thinking, know…
help to simplify thinking through mental grouping of similar…
a mental image or example of a category
Chapter 9
9
cognition
involves the mental activities associated with thinking, know…
84 terms
Psychology of Personality Chapters 9-12
Agentic Perspective
Bandura
Intentionality
Forethought
People will have more will and say in their behavior
Bobo doll, observational learning, self efficacy, aggression
Behave with purpose
Anticipate outcomes
Agentic Perspective
People will have more will and say in their behavior
Bandura
Bobo doll, observational learning, self efficacy, aggression
75 terms
Psychology Chapters 9, 10, and 12
Intelligence
Spearman- "g" (general) Intelligence
"s" (specific) Intelligence
Sternberg- 3 Types of Multiple Intelli…
The capacity to understand the word and to cope with its chal…
All the underlining abilities needed to have intelligence.
Areas you excel in what accounts for people being different
1. Analytical- academics ... 2. Practical- Common sense ... 3. Crea…
Intelligence
The capacity to understand the word and to cope with its chal…
Spearman- "g" (general) Intelligence
All the underlining abilities needed to have intelligence.
Psychology chapters 9, 12, and 13
Know the Concept of Motivation
Know the theories of motivation and th…
Theory of emotion
Difference between various theories of…
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Drive Reduction: need:requirement, primary drive: hunger, acq…
Common sense, James Lange: Psychological reaction, Cannon-Bar…
have been suggested, each with a slightly different focus and…
Know the Concept of Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Know the theories of motivation and th…
Drive Reduction: need:requirement, primary drive: hunger, acq…
202 terms
Ideas in Psychology Chapters 9-12
Masters and Johnson's original subject…
_______ is a disorder in which the per…
Some have suggested that the results o…
Kwan really doesn't feel like riding t…
volunteers from introductory psychology classes
A paraphilia
foot-in-the-door
social facilitation
Masters and Johnson's original subject…
volunteers from introductory psychology classes
_______ is a disorder in which the per…
A paraphilia
155 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapters 9-12
schizophrenia
positive symptoms
delusions
grandiose delusions
a disorder characterized by disordered thinking in which idea…
compromise excesses and distortions (include hallucinations a…
beliefs contrary to reality & firmly held in spite of disconf…
exaggerated sense of his/her own importance, power, knowledge…
schizophrenia
a disorder characterized by disordered thinking in which idea…
positive symptoms
compromise excesses and distortions (include hallucinations a…
46 terms
Psychology Chapters 8,9,&12
Motivation
Drive theories
incentive theories
Arousal theory
refers to the forces that act on or within an organism to ini…
behavior is motivated by the need to maintain homeostasis
behavior is motivated by external rewards
based on the notion that people are motivated to maintain an…
Motivation
refers to the forces that act on or within an organism to ini…
Drive theories
behavior is motivated by the need to maintain homeostasis
131 terms
Psychology Chapters 9, 11 & 12
Developmental Psychology
Nature-Nurture
Prenatal Development
Embryo
Study of changed that occur in people from birth to old age
How do biological and environmental forces interact to shape…
9 month process from conception of birth
Developing human between 2 weeks and 3 months and cells begin…
Developmental Psychology
Study of changed that occur in people from birth to old age
Nature-Nurture
How do biological and environmental forces interact to shape…
28 terms
Psychology chapters 9,12,13
repression
denial
fantasy
displacement
forgetting a traumatic or anxiety-arousing event or emotion
refusing to acknowledge an anxiety arousing situation
escaping anxiety through daydreams
an unacceptable impulse is repressed, than directed at a "saf…
repression
forgetting a traumatic or anxiety-arousing event or emotion
denial
refusing to acknowledge an anxiety arousing situation
25 terms
Psychology Chapters 9-12 Frick
psychosocial development
schema
accommodation
assimilation
process proposed by Erikson in which social tasks are mastere…
concept (mental model) that is used to help us categorize and…
adjustment of a schema by changing a scheme to accommodate ne…
adjustment of a schema by adding information similar to what…
psychosocial development
process proposed by Erikson in which social tasks are mastere…
schema
concept (mental model) that is used to help us categorize and…
22 terms
Developmental psychology chapters 9-12
Puberty
Primary sex characteristics
Secondary sex characteristics
Menarche
Time between the first onrush of hormones and full adult phys…
Parts of the body that are directly involved in reproduction,…
Physical traits that are not directly involved in reproductio…
Girl's first menstrual period, signaling that she has begun o…
Puberty
Time between the first onrush of hormones and full adult phys…
Primary sex characteristics
Parts of the body that are directly involved in reproduction,…
86 terms
Social Psychology Chapters 9-12
Aggression
Altruism
Automatic Prejudice
Benevolent Sexism
Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
A motive to increase another's welfare without conscious rega…
Longer to identify "good" with black races... associate violence…
Gender attitude ... "women have a superior moral sensibility" ... -…
Aggression
Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
Altruism
A motive to increase another's welfare without conscious rega…
16 terms
Psychology chapters 9,10,12
Nature vs. Nurture
Twin studies
Abrupt vs. Gradual
Abrupt Changes/Discontinuity
The difference in affects of nature(genetics) and nurture(env…
Studies performed on twins reared together and apart to deter…
Questions whether development is a series of abrupt or gradua…
Noticeable and sudden changes that happen in stages
Nature vs. Nurture
The difference in affects of nature(genetics) and nurture(env…
Twin studies
Studies performed on twins reared together and apart to deter…
49 terms
Psychology Chapters 9, 10, and 12
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Instincts
The process by which activates are started, directed, and con…
Why a person performs an action because it leads to an outcom…
Person who does something because it is satisfying in some in…
Are the biologically - determined and innate patterns of beha…
Motivation
The process by which activates are started, directed, and con…
Extrinsic Motivation
Why a person performs an action because it leads to an outcom…
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