Study sets matching "chem 2"

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Study sets matching "chem 2"

12 terms
Chemistry #2
Element
Compound
Molecule
Mixture
Substance made of only one kind of atom, a pure substance
Substance made of 2 or more DIFFERENT atoms chemically joined
substance made of ANY atoms chemically joined
Substance in which elements, compounds and molecules are mixe…
Element
Substance made of only one kind of atom, a pure substance
Compound
Substance made of 2 or more DIFFERENT atoms chemically joined
Chemistry 2
the salt made from hydrochloric acid is
the salt made from sulfuric acid is
the salt made from nitric acid is
An acid and an alkaline makes
chloride
sulfate
nitrate
a salt and water
the salt made from hydrochloric acid is
chloride
the salt made from sulfuric acid is
sulfate
11 terms
chemistry 2
dense
density
gas
liquid
Closely packed together (adjective)
Mass divided by volume D=m/v... A measure of how much mass is co…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
dense
Closely packed together (adjective)
density
Mass divided by volume D=m/v... A measure of how much mass is co…
21 terms
Chemistry 2
boiling point
melting point
acid
base
temperature at which a liquid boils and substance changes fro…
temperature at which a solid can change to a liquid
identified by their sour taste, reaction to metals, and react…
identified by the bitter taste, slippery feel, and reaction t…
boiling point
temperature at which a liquid boils and substance changes fro…
melting point
temperature at which a solid can change to a liquid
30 terms
Chemistry 2
2 PARTICLES FOUND IN THE NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN AN ATOM IS THE SA…
WHO CREATED THE PERIODIC TABLE?
ROW OF ELEMENTS IN A PERIODIC TABLE
PROTONS AND NEUTRONS
ATOMIC NUMBER
DMITRI MENDELEEV
PERIOD
2 PARTICLES FOUND IN THE NUCLEUS
PROTONS AND NEUTRONS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN AN ATOM IS THE SA…
ATOMIC NUMBER
Chemistry 2.2.1
J.J. Thomson
Plum-Pudding Model
Robert Millikan
Ernest Rutherford
A British physicist credited for the discovery of the electro…
An atomic model proposed by Thomson in the late 1800s, but no…
An American experimental physicist, known for measuring the c…
A British physicist who discovered the atomic nucleus. Experi…
J.J. Thomson
A British physicist credited for the discovery of the electro…
Plum-Pudding Model
An atomic model proposed by Thomson in the late 1800s, but no…
5 terms
Chemistry 6.2
Chemical formula
Molecular formula
Formula unit
Law of definite proportions
Shows the number and type of atoms present in the smallest re…
a chemical formula that shows the actual number and kinds of…
The lowest whole-number ratio of ions in an ionic compound.
in any sample of a chemical compound, the elements are always…
Chemical formula
Shows the number and type of atoms present in the smallest re…
Molecular formula
a chemical formula that shows the actual number and kinds of…
18 terms
Chemistry Standard 2
Quanta
Wavelength
Nuclear Radiation
Emit
Having to do with light; it's particles and changes in the en…
The distance between two crests or troughs; red light is long…
The breakdown of large unstable nuclei; this is the forms of…
The giving off of particles or waves of energy
Quanta
Having to do with light; it's particles and changes in the en…
Wavelength
The distance between two crests or troughs; red light is long…
7 terms
Chemistry 16.2
Molecular orbitals
Bonding orbital
Antibonding orbital
Sigma bond
An orbital resulting from the overlapping of atomic orbitals…
A molecular orbital whose energy is lower than that of the at…
A molecular orbital with an energy that is higher than that o…
A bond formed when two atomic orbitals combine to form a mole…
Molecular orbitals
An orbital resulting from the overlapping of atomic orbitals…
Bonding orbital
A molecular orbital whose energy is lower than that of the at…
5 terms
Chemistry 10.2
Vaporization
Evaporation
Vapor Pressure
Boiling point
The conversion of a liquid to a gas or a vapor.
Vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
The pressure produced when vapor particles above a liquid in…
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
Vaporization
The conversion of a liquid to a gas or a vapor.
Evaporation
Vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
28 terms
Chemistry 2
in the nucleus
on the energy level
yes
Electrons are shared or stripped away
Where are protons and neutrons located?
Where are electrons found?
Do atoms almost always have the same number of protons, elect…
What happens when electrons are involved in a chemical reacti…
in the nucleus
Where are protons and neutrons located?
on the energy level
Where are electrons found?
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2.1-2.2
Matter
Mass
Substance
Physical property
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
The amount of matter that an object contains; the SI base uni…
A sample of matter having a uniform and definite composition;…
A quality of a substance that can be observed or measured wit…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Mass
The amount of matter that an object contains; the SI base uni…
7 terms
Chemistry 2.2 - Mixtures
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
solution
a physical blend of two or more componenets
a mixture in which the composition is not uniform throughout
a mixture in which the composition is uniform throughout
another name for a homogeneous mixture
mixture
a physical blend of two or more componenets
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture in which the composition is not uniform throughout
Chemistry 2
Atom
Element
Parts of an Atom
Periodic Table
a. Most basic unit of matter - building block particle... b. Can…
a. A pure chemical substance consisting of a single type of a…
a. Proton (p+)... 1) Positively charged particles ... 2) Mass much…
1. Display of all known elements arranged by Atomic Number... 2.…
Atom
a. Most basic unit of matter - building block particle... b. Can…
Element
a. A pure chemical substance consisting of a single type of a…
Chemistry 2.8 - 2.10
Periodic table
group/family
period
Hydrogen
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
A vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
This element is located in the metal area of the periodic tab…
Periodic table
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
group/family
A vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
Chemistry 2.5 - 2.7
fission
fusion
radioactive decay
nuclear reaction
The splitting of an atomic nucleus to release energy.
combining of small nuclei into larger ones, releasing energy
The breakdown of a radioactive element, releasing particles a…
A reaction that involves a change in the nucleus of an atom.…
fission
The splitting of an atomic nucleus to release energy.
fusion
combining of small nuclei into larger ones, releasing energy
21 terms
Chemistry 2 Part 2
acid
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
anion
...
a column 1 metal
a column 2 metal
negative ion
acid
...
alkali metals
a column 1 metal
34 terms
A2.2 Chemistry Terms and Definitions.
Base peak
Fragment ion
High resolution mass spectrometry
Low resolution nmr
Tallest peak in a mass spectrum.
A positively charged ion produced when the molecular ion brea…
Measuring masses to many decimal places.
A spectrum which does not show the splitting pattern.
Base peak
Tallest peak in a mass spectrum.
Fragment ion
A positively charged ion produced when the molecular ion brea…
20 terms
Chemistry2
Alpha Particle
Band Of Stability
Beta Particle
Film Badge
A cluster of 2 protons and 2 neutrons emitted from a nucleus…
the location of stable nuclei on a neutron-proton plot
a high-speed electron or positron emitted in the decay of a r…
a device containing photographic film that registers the wear…
Alpha Particle
A cluster of 2 protons and 2 neutrons emitted from a nucleus…
Band Of Stability
the location of stable nuclei on a neutron-proton plot
69 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
Physical Properties
Chemical properties
Physical changes
Chemical changes
Can be observed or measured without changing the identity of…
Describes matter based on the ability to change into new matt…
Any change that DOES NOT alter the chemical composition of a…
A change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
Physical Properties
Can be observed or measured without changing the identity of…
Chemical properties
Describes matter based on the ability to change into new matt…
5 terms
Chemistry 2
metal
metalloids
nonmetals
Groups
an element that is shiny malleable, and conducts heat and ele…
elements that have properties of both metals and nonmetals; s…
elements that are usually a gas or brittle, and are poor cond…
The columns on a periodic table that arrange the elements by…
metal
an element that is shiny malleable, and conducts heat and ele…
metalloids
elements that have properties of both metals and nonmetals; s…
20 terms
chemistry #2
law of conservation of energy
conduction
convection
radiation
states that energy can't be created or destroyed; only transf…
transfer of heat energy between substances or particles that…
transfer of heat energy caused by currents
heat transfer through empty spaces
law of conservation of energy
states that energy can't be created or destroyed; only transf…
conduction
transfer of heat energy between substances or particles that…
Chemistry 2.1 - 2.4
Atom
Dalton's atomic theory
element
Dalton's atomic model
Smallest particle of an element. Examples include C, H, and O
1) All matter is made atoms, which are indivisible. 2) Atoms…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom. Examples incl…
His design of the atomic model is tiny , solid sphere
Atom
Smallest particle of an element. Examples include C, H, and O
Dalton's atomic theory
1) All matter is made atoms, which are indivisible. 2) Atoms…
6 terms
A2 Chemistry (Carbonyl Chemistry)
Draw the acyl chloride functional group
Write an equation for the reaction of…
Write an equation for the reaction of…
Write an equation for the reaction of…
ethanoyl chloride + water -> ethanoic acid + hydrochloric acid
ethanoyl chloride + methanol -> methyl ethanoate + hydrochlor…
ethanoyl chloride + ammonia -> ethanamide + hydrochloric acid
Draw the acyl chloride functional group
Write an equation for the reaction of…
ethanoyl chloride + water -> ethanoic acid + hydrochloric acid
79 terms
Chemistry (2)
Cation
Anion
What do anions and cations form?
Valence electrons
a positively charged atom that has lost electrons
Negatively charged atom that has gained electrons
they form to create stable atoms with full electrons shells…
Electrons found in the outer shell of an atom
Cation
a positively charged atom that has lost electrons
Anion
Negatively charged atom that has gained electrons
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
Chemical Energy
Chemical Bond
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
The energy that matter possesses because of its chemical make…
A mutual attraction between different atoms that binds the at…
Energy a moving object has because of its motion.
Energy an object has because of its position. Stored energy.
Chemical Energy
The energy that matter possesses because of its chemical make…
Chemical Bond
A mutual attraction between different atoms that binds the at…
25 terms
2 Chemistry
PURE SUBSTANCE
ELEMENT
ATOM
COMPOUND
MATTER THAT ALWAYS HAS EXACTLY THE SAME COMPOSITION. (SAMPLES…
A SUBSTANCE THAT CANNOT BE BROKEN DOWN INTO SIMPLER SUBSTANCE…
THE SMALLEST PARTICLE OF AN ELEMENT
A SUBSTANCE THAT IS MADE FROM TWO OR MORE SIMPLER SUBSTANCES…
PURE SUBSTANCE
MATTER THAT ALWAYS HAS EXACTLY THE SAME COMPOSITION. (SAMPLES…
ELEMENT
A SUBSTANCE THAT CANNOT BE BROKEN DOWN INTO SIMPLER SUBSTANCE…
Unit 2 Chemistry
physical change (definition)
solid
liquid
gas
a change in size, shape, color, odor, and texture but not cha…
definite shape, fixed size
no definite shape, fixed size
gas no definite shape, no fixed size
physical change (definition)
a change in size, shape, color, odor, and texture but not cha…
solid
definite shape, fixed size
201 terms
Organic Chemistry 2 Final
Overall Reactivity of Carbonyl Groups
aldehyde plus Grignard forms a
When a carbon is bonded to 2 hydrogen…
When a carbon is bonded to 2 hydrogens…
Acyl Chloride > acid anhydride > aldehyde > ketone > ester =…
secondary alcohol
enantiotopic (1 signal)
diastereotopic (2 signals)
Overall Reactivity of Carbonyl Groups
Acyl Chloride > acid anhydride > aldehyde > ketone > ester =…
aldehyde plus Grignard forms a
secondary alcohol
14 terms
Chemistry #2
Matter with a uniform an definite comp…
Physical blends of two or more substan…
Substance made of 2 or more elements j…
Mixture having a uniform structure or…
Substance
Mixture
Compound
Homogeneous
Matter with a uniform an definite comp…
Substance
Physical blends of two or more substan…
Mixture
50 terms
AS2 Chemistry Terms and Definitions.
Empirical formula
Molecular formula
Molar gas volume
Homologous series
A formula which shows the simplest whole number ratio of atom…
A formula which shows the actual number of atoms of each elem…
The volume of one mole of gas under specified conditions of t…
Compounds which have the same general formula, similar chemic…
Empirical formula
A formula which shows the simplest whole number ratio of atom…
Molecular formula
A formula which shows the actual number of atoms of each elem…
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
mass
volume
extensive property
intensive property
the amount of matter an object contains; weight; often measur…
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
depends on the amount of matter in a sample; ex: mass of diam…
depends on the type of matter in a sample; ex: hardness of di…
mass
the amount of matter an object contains; weight; often measur…
volume
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
19 terms
Chemistry 2
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Viscosity
1.Anything that has mass and takes up space.... 2. Has mass and…
1.Definite shape and volume... 2. A hard substance.
1.A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defi…
1.A liquid's resistance to flowing.... 2. Resistance to flowing.
Matter
1.Anything that has mass and takes up space.... 2. Has mass and…
Solid
1.Definite shape and volume... 2. A hard substance.
Chemistry Ch. 2/Sec. 2A
matter
physical properties
density
malleability
anything that occupies space and has mass; the basic building…
determined by how the particles that compose the material rel…
the amount of matter packed into a given volume
shapeable; materials that can be hammered easily into shapes…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass; the basic building…
physical properties
determined by how the particles that compose the material rel…
18 terms
Chemistry: Module 2 Review
energy
work
heat
hypothesis
the ability to do work
the force applied to an object times the distance that the ob…
Energy that is transferred as a consequence of temperature di…
an educated guess that attempts to explain an aspect of the w…
energy
the ability to do work
work
the force applied to an object times the distance that the ob…
Chemistry Vocabulary: Unit 1 and 2
accuracy
base unit
chemical
chemical change
refers to how close a measured value is to an accepted value.
a defined unit in a system of measurement that is based on an…
a compound or substance that has been purified or prepared, e…
a process that involves one or more substances changing into…
accuracy
refers to how close a measured value is to an accepted value.
base unit
a defined unit in a system of measurement that is based on an…
Chemistry 2
photosynthesis
chemosynthesis
evaporation
transpiration
process used by plants and some other organisms to convert li…
process used by some bacteria to convert chemical energy to e…
process by which water changes from a liquid into a gas
loss of water from a plant though its leaves
photosynthesis
process used by plants and some other organisms to convert li…
chemosynthesis
process used by some bacteria to convert chemical energy to e…
Chemistry 2
Periodic Table
Period
Group
Alkali Metal
A chart of the elements showing the repeating pattern of thei…
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
A column on the periodic table
Group 1 of the periodic table, has 1 electron on its outer sh…
Periodic Table
A chart of the elements showing the repeating pattern of thei…
Period
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
92 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1 & 2
Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Biochemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Study of matter and changes that occur in matter
Study of compounds that have the element carbon as the basis…
Study of the molecules and processes that take place in livin…
Study of the compounds of all other elements besides carbon
Chemistry
Study of matter and changes that occur in matter
Organic Chemistry
Study of compounds that have the element carbon as the basis…
Chemistry 2
Nucleus
Neutron
Element
Molecule
The center of the atom
A subatomic particle with no charge
A substance made up of only one kind of atom
A grouping of two or more atoms joined together
Nucleus
The center of the atom
Neutron
A subatomic particle with no charge
22 terms
Chemistry 2 Part 1
atomic masses
atomic number
atomic weights
Avogrado's hypothesis
mass of atom in atomic mass units
# protons in nucleus of atom
weighted avg mass of atom in naturally occurring element
states that equal volume of gases at the same temperature and…
atomic masses
mass of atom in atomic mass units
atomic number
# protons in nucleus of atom
10 terms
Chemistry Basics 2
mixture
homogeneous
heterogeneous
temperature
two or more substances physically combined; each substance re…
a mixture where the particles of one substance are evenly spr…
a mixture where the particles of the substances are not evenl…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of a substance
mixture
two or more substances physically combined; each substance re…
homogeneous
a mixture where the particles of one substance are evenly spr…
10 terms
Chemistry Unit 2
Alpha Decay
Beta Decay
Daughter Isotope
Electron Capture
When two protons and two neutrons are released from the nucle…
occurs when a neutron in an atom's nucleus changes into a pro…
the stable isotope produced by the radioactive decay of the p…
An electron is pulled in by the nucleus, the electron combine…
Alpha Decay
When two protons and two neutrons are released from the nucle…
Beta Decay
occurs when a neutron in an atom's nucleus changes into a pro…
39 terms
Ch. 2: The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus (of an atom)
electron
element
The basic unit of matter
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
A negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus of…
A pure substance made up of only one type of atom; there are…
atom
The basic unit of matter
nucleus (of an atom)
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
12 terms
Chemistry 2 Terms
atomic structure
chemical reaction
energy types
energy (food)
the structure of an atom, theoretically consisting of a posit…
(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are cha…
renewable: hydropower, biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, biof…
highlights how most of the energy system move
atomic structure
the structure of an atom, theoretically consisting of a posit…
chemical reaction
(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are cha…
31 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 2
Scientific Method
OHEC! Not again!
Theory
Model
a logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Observation: use your senses... Hypothesis: educated guess... Exper…
broad and extensively tested explanation of why experiments g…
an explanation of how phenomena occur and how data or events…
Scientific Method
a logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
OHEC! Not again!
Observation: use your senses... Hypothesis: educated guess... Exper…
59 terms
Organic Chemistry 2 - Isomers
same molecular formula, different in s…
only have same molecular formula, ever…
characteristics of process that do not…
mp, bp, solubility, odor, color, and d…
Define isomers
Define structural or constitutional isomers
Define physical properties
Give some examples of physical processes
same molecular formula, different in s…
Define isomers
only have same molecular formula, ever…
Define structural or constitutional isomers
22 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary List #2
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic number
Electron
the basic unit of a chemical element
mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mas…
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which determines…
particle with a charge of negative electricity, found in all…
Atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
Atomic mass
mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mas…
20 terms
Chemistry Element Symbols #2
cooper
zinc
silver
tin
Cu
Zn
Ag
Sn
cooper
Cu
zinc
Zn
5 terms
Chemistry Section 5.2
Alkali metal
Alkaline-earth metal
Transition element
Main-group Element
One of the elements or Group 1 of the periodic table
One of the elements of Group 2 of the periodic table
One of the metals that can use the inner shell before the out…
An element of the s-block or p-block of the periodic table
Alkali metal
One of the elements or Group 1 of the periodic table
Alkaline-earth metal
One of the elements of Group 2 of the periodic table
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