How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "chem ap atomic structure"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "chem ap atomic structure"

14 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure
Quantum Numbers
Principal Quantum
Azimuthal Quantum
Magnetic Quantum
Location of electrons
Energy level... Positive whole numbers
Sublevels... 0,1,2,3,etc
Orientation of orbitals... Sublevels. Goes 1,3,5,7
Quantum Numbers
Location of electrons
Principal Quantum
Energy level... Positive whole numbers
108 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Velocity of Electromagnetic Radiation
Energy that travels through space; Has electric & magnetic fi…
Distance from top (crest) of one wave to the top of the next;…
Symbol v; The number of crests of troughs (cycles that pass a…
3.00E8 m/s and the symbol c
Electromagnetic Radiation
Energy that travels through space; Has electric & magnetic fi…
Wavelength
Distance from top (crest) of one wave to the top of the next;…
14 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry Atomic Structure
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
Subatomic Particles
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
a particle smaller than an atom (e.g., a neutron) or a cluste…
Protons
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
Electrons
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
23 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
UV, visible light, IR, microwaves, television and radio signa…
Length between two successive crests
Number of cycles per second that pass a certain point in space
Maximum height of a wave as measured from the axis of propaga…
Electromagnetic radiation
UV, visible light, IR, microwaves, television and radio signa…
Wavelength
Length between two successive crests
73 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure
Isotopes
Dalton's law proved?
ionization energy
Rutherford gold foil
- same atomic #(protons)... - different mass number (neutrons an…
1. all elements of the same atom are identical... 2. atoms are t…
energy used to remove loosely bound electrons... higher in METAL…
- lots of empty spaces in an atom and have highly concentrate…
Isotopes
- same atomic #(protons)... - different mass number (neutrons an…
Dalton's law proved?
1. all elements of the same atom are identical... 2. atoms are t…
17 terms
AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
UV, visible light, IR, microwaves, radio waves, and X-rays
Length between 2 successive crests (m)
Number of cycles per second that pass a certain point in spac…
Maximum height of a wave as measured from the axis of propaga…
Electromagnetic radiation
UV, visible light, IR, microwaves, radio waves, and X-rays
Wavelength
Length between 2 successive crests (m)
16 terms
ap chemistry: atomic structure
bond energy
ionic bonds
covalent bonds
coulomb's law
energy required to break the bond
+ electrostatic attraction between ions ... + metal and nonmetal
+ electrons shared by nuclei... + elements lie close to one anot…
+ used to calculate the energy of an ionic bond... + formula: E=…
bond energy
energy required to break the bond
ionic bonds
+ electrostatic attraction between ions ... + metal and nonmetal
23 terms
Atomic Structure AP Chemistry
James Maxwell
Max Planck
Planck's Constant
Albert Einstein
developed a mathematical theory to describe all forms of radi…
assumption: There is a minimum amount of energy that can be g…
h=6.626x10^-34 joule x seconds
proposed that EM radiation itself was quantized; could be vie…
James Maxwell
developed a mathematical theory to describe all forms of radi…
Max Planck
assumption: There is a minimum amount of energy that can be g…
49 terms
AP Chemistry: Vocabulary Notes - Atomic Structure
electronic structure
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
the arrangement of electrons in an atom; the arrangement help…
any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
the type of electromagnetic radiation that we can see
the length of a wave of electromagnetic radiation
electronic structure
the arrangement of electrons in an atom; the arrangement help…
electromagnetic radiation
any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
30 terms
AP Chemistry: Vocabulary Notes - Atomic Structure
electronic structure
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
the arrangement of electrons in an atom; the arrangement help…
any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
the type of electromagnetic radiation that we can see
the length of a wave of electromagnetic radiation
electronic structure
the arrangement of electrons in an atom; the arrangement help…
electromagnetic radiation
any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
33 terms
AP Chemistry: Structure of the Atom
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Law of Conservation of Matter
Law of Constant Composition
Dalton's Atomic Theory
the position and momentum of an electron or atom can be known…
no matter can be created or destroyed
all samples of a given chemical compound have the same elemen…
1) All matter is made of atoms. Atoms are indivisible and ind…
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
the position and momentum of an electron or atom can be known…
Law of Conservation of Matter
no matter can be created or destroyed
17 terms
STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM-AP CHEMISTRY
Law of conservation of matter
Law of constant composition
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Law of Multiple Proportions
Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Each pure chemical compound always has the same percentage co…
1. all matter is composed of tiny,imdivisible particles calle…
When two elements can be combined to make two different compo…
Law of conservation of matter
Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Law of constant composition
Each pure chemical compound always has the same percentage co…
41 terms
AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
electromagnetic spectrum
longest electromagnetic wavelength
shortest electromagnetic wavelength
Maxwell
radio, micro, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet,…
radio
gamma
electric/magnetic fields are the same, can be described as os…
electromagnetic spectrum
radio, micro, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet,…
longest electromagnetic wavelength
radio
64 terms
AP Chemistry: 01: Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
Atomic
Molar Mass
Atomic Weight
Period(s)
___ number is the same as the number of protons in the nucleu…
___ is the average mass of all the atoms of an element
molar mass is commonly known as ___
horizontal rows on the periodic table of elements are called…
Atomic
___ number is the same as the number of protons in the nucleu…
Molar Mass
___ is the average mass of all the atoms of an element
38 terms
AP Chemistry- Atomic Structure and Periodicity
wavelength
frequency value
high frequency means what for the ener…
relationship between wavelength and fr…
lambda
v
low energy
inverse
wavelength
lambda
frequency value
v
49 terms
AP Chemistry: Vocabulary Notes - Atomic Structure
electronic structure
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
the arrangement of electrons in an atom; the arrangement help…
any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
the type of electromagnetic radiation that we can see
the length of a wave of electromagnetic radiation
electronic structure
the arrangement of electrons in an atom; the arrangement help…
electromagnetic radiation
any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
12 terms
AP Chemistry: Unit 2 - Atomic Structure
Linear
Bent
Linear (Untraditional)
Trigonal Planar
Bonding Regions: 2... Lone Pair: 0... Bond Angle: 180
Bonding Regions: 2... Lone Pair: 2 (or 1)... Bond Angle: 104.5
Bonding Regions: 2... Lone Pair: 3... Bond Angle: 180
Bonding Regions: 3... Lone Pair: 0... Bond Angle: 120
Linear
Bonding Regions: 2... Lone Pair: 0... Bond Angle: 180
Bent
Bonding Regions: 2... Lone Pair: 2 (or 1)... Bond Angle: 104.5
8 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure Review
Democritus and Leucippos
Dalton's Atomic Theory
J.J. Thomson
Robert Millikan
Proposed that matter was composed of small, indivisible, part…
1. All matter is composed of atoms which are extremely small,…
Proposed cathode ray beam was composed of negatively charged…
Used the oil drop experiment to measure the charge on the ele…
Democritus and Leucippos
Proposed that matter was composed of small, indivisible, part…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
1. All matter is composed of atoms which are extremely small,…
11 terms
AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure & Periodicity
Accuracy
Precision
Democritus
Plato and Aristotle
How close a measred value is to the true value of a quantity
How close your measures are to each other. Think consistency
Between 460 and 370 B.C. A Greek philosopher who first propos…
Philosophers who opposed Democritus's ideas, believing that m…
Accuracy
How close a measred value is to the true value of a quantity
Precision
How close your measures are to each other. Think consistency
15 terms
Chemistry Atoms and Atomic Structure
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Proton
Atomic Number
The smallest unit of matter in any element that keeps it's id…
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
1. A positively (+) charged subatomic particle located in the…
A unique number for each element on the periodic table that i…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter in any element that keeps it's id…
Subatomic Particles
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
10 terms
AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
Ground State
Frequency
Aufbau
Ionization Energy
lowest possible energy
number of wave cycles per second
to build up
energy needed to move an electron
Ground State
lowest possible energy
Frequency
number of wave cycles per second
17 terms
AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
λ
v
all EM radiation travels at ____ in a…
formula for the speed of light
wavelength
frequency
the speed of light; vacuum
λv = c
λ
wavelength
v
frequency
34 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure & Electron Configuration
vertical columns
horizontal rows
they have the same number of valence e…
the furthest column to the right
groups on periodic table
periods on periodic table
Why do groups have similar properties?
Which column is the noble gases?
vertical columns
groups on periodic table
horizontal rows
periods on periodic table
11 terms
Pre-AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure
Contribution Democritus made to modern…
2 points Dalton's atomic theory was wr…
Who discovered the electron
Who discovered the proton
first to use term atom
"atoms are invisible" "all atoms of an element are alike"
Thomson
Rutherford
Contribution Democritus made to modern…
first to use term atom
2 points Dalton's atomic theory was wr…
"atoms are invisible" "all atoms of an element are alike"
10 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure Scientists
who used a cathode ray tube and his kn…
what is the unit of electric charge?
who's work proved that the charge on e…
who examined the motion of single tiny…
J.J Thomson
-1.76 x 10^8 C/g
R.A Millikan
Millikan
who used a cathode ray tube and his kn…
J.J Thomson
what is the unit of electric charge?
-1.76 x 10^8 C/g
69 terms
AP Chemistry Test: Atomic Structure, Orbitals, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Energy is...
All matter exhibits properties of both…
Emission Spectrum
Absorption Spectrum
Quantized, as it occurs in fixed quantities
Particles and waves
Colors on black
Black on colors
Energy is...
Quantized, as it occurs in fixed quantities
All matter exhibits properties of both…
Particles and waves
114 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7 - Atomic Structure
electromagnetic radiation
quantum mechanics
wavelength
frequency
All of the light described in the electromagnetic spectrum, w…
First developed by Isaac Newton, this new theory was created…
The distance between two consecutive crests or troughs in a w…
The number of waves/cycles that pass at a given point in space
electromagnetic radiation
All of the light described in the electromagnetic spectrum, w…
quantum mechanics
First developed by Isaac Newton, this new theory was created…
40 terms
AP Chemistry Unit 6 Atomic Structure and Periodicity
electronic structure
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
arrangement of electrons in atoms
form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propaga…
distance between two adjacent peaks ... (lambda)
number of complete wavelengths/cycles that pass a given point…
electronic structure
arrangement of electrons in atoms
electromagnetic radiation
form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propaga…
10 terms
Atomic Structure Formulas (AP Chemistry Chapter 7)
λ
c
λ∨=
wavelength
frequency
speed of light = 3.0x10^8 m/s
c
λ
wavelength
frequency
74 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 6 , Electronic Structure of Atoms
Quantum theory
quantum mechanics
Electronic structure of an atom
electromagnetic radiation
Explains much of the behavior of electrons in atoms, used to…
the "new" physics that had to be developed to describe atoms…
the arrangement of electrons in an atom, refers to the # of e…
carries energy through space, also known as RADIANT energy
Quantum theory
Explains much of the behavior of electrons in atoms, used to…
quantum mechanics
the "new" physics that had to be developed to describe atoms…
37 terms
AP Chemistry Atomic Structure Unit Review
Describe the significance of the brigh…
List the evidences supporting the:... a)p…
Describe Bohr's model of the atom and…
Give the two main reasons why Bohr's m…
Each element has a unique line spectrum- it is often used to…
Planck showed that the wavelength of light given off by glowi…
Bohr's model included:... -electrons in a hydrogen atom move aro…
Laws of physics includes -the fact that charged species under…
Describe the significance of the brigh…
Each element has a unique line spectrum- it is often used to…
List the evidences supporting the:... a)p…
Planck showed that the wavelength of light given off by glowi…
15 terms
AP Chemistry Ch. 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
Ionization energy left to right across…
Ionization energy down a group
Electron affinity across a period left…
Electron affinity down a group
Increase
Decreases
More negative
More positive
Ionization energy left to right across…
Increase
Ionization energy down a group
Decreases
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 6: Electronic Structure of Atoms
photon
Planck's Constant
E=HV
Max Planck
a tiny particle or packet of visible light energy
a fundamental constant equal to 6.6 * 10^-34 joule/sec
energy of a quanta;... Plank's equation
German physicist who developed quantum theory and was awarded…
photon
a tiny particle or packet of visible light energy
Planck's Constant
a fundamental constant equal to 6.6 * 10^-34 joule/sec
47 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Planck's constant
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
The number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
The constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
Electromagnetic radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
15 terms
Chemistry Atoms and Atomic Structure
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Proton
Atomic Number
1. The smallest unit of matter in any element. 2. The smalles…
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
1. A positively (+) charged subatomic particle located in the…
A unique number for each element on the periodic table that i…
Atom
1. The smallest unit of matter in any element. 2. The smalles…
Subatomic Particles
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
29 terms
AP Chemistry Ch. 7 (Atomic Structure and Periodicity)
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Planck's Constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
number of waves per second that pass a given point in space
6.626 x 10^-34 J x s
Electromagnetic Radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
50 terms
Atomic Structure- AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electronic structure
Electromagnetic radiation
Visible light
Wavelength
The arrangement of electrons in an atom. The arrangement help…
Any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
The type of electromagnetic radiation that we can see.
The length of a wave of electromagnetic radiation.
Electronic structure
The arrangement of electrons in an atom. The arrangement help…
Electromagnetic radiation
Any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
75 terms
Introduction to Chemistry: Atomic Structure
acid
base
boiling point
atom
Any compound that produces hydrogen ions (H+) ... in water and…
Any compound that produces hydroxide ions (H-) in water and r…
The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid st…
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
acid
Any compound that produces hydrogen ions (H+) ... in water and…
base
Any compound that produces hydroxide ions (H-) in water and r…
37 terms
AP Chemistry 06 - Electronic Structure of Atoms
Electronic Structure
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule.
A form of energy that has a wave characteristic and that prop…
The distance between identical points on successive waves.
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength p…
Electronic Structure
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule.
Electromagnetic Radiation
A form of energy that has a wave characteristic and that prop…
12 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Planck's Constant
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
The number of waves per second that pass a given point in space
value of 6.626 x 10-34
Electromagnetic Radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
41 terms
AP Chemistry Unit 4: Atomic Structure and Periodicty
Two similarities between all types of…
Frequency
Wavelength
Formula for wavelength and frequency
Act like waves... Travel at the speed of light
The number of wave cycles that pass by a point in one second
The distance between two successive crests
speed of light (m/s) = wavelength (m) x frequency (Hz)
Two similarities between all types of…
Act like waves... Travel at the speed of light
Frequency
The number of wave cycles that pass by a point in one second
36 terms
AP Chemistry Ch. 7 Atomic Structure
Correct Configuration for Nitrogen
Correct Ground State Configuration for…
Reason for Phosphorous being Paramagne…
Which has the largest atomic radius: H…
1s2 2s2 2p3
[Ar] 3d^10 4s^1
Phosphorous has the most half-filled orbitals; 3 out of 6
Rb
Correct Configuration for Nitrogen
1s2 2s2 2p3
Correct Ground State Configuration for…
[Ar] 3d^10 4s^1
24 terms
AP Chemistry Test: Periodicity and Atomic Structure
Light
Visible spectrum
Democritus
John Dalton
Has a wave and particle nature related by wavelength, frequen…
Radio, microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-ray and g…
Developed idea that there is an indestructible unit called an…
Created Dalton's Atomic theory
Light
Has a wave and particle nature related by wavelength, frequen…
Visible spectrum
Radio, microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-ray and g…
13 terms
PreAP Chemistry Atomic Theory and Structure
Atoms are ____, ____, and _____ partic…
Dalton's _____ Theory
Dalton's Atomic Theory: All matter is…
Dalton's Atomic Theory: Atoms of the s…
indestructible, solid, indivisible
Atomic
indivisible
identical
Atoms are ____, ____, and _____ partic…
indestructible, solid, indivisible
Dalton's _____ Theory
Atomic
22 terms
AP Chemistry Electronic Structure of Atoms Review
Electromagnetic radiation travels thro…
The wavelength of light that has a fre…
Ham radio operators often broadcast on…
The energy of a photon of light is____…
3 x 10⁸
2.5 x 10⁻⁵
50
directly, inversely
Electromagnetic radiation travels thro…
3 x 10⁸
The wavelength of light that has a fre…
2.5 x 10⁻⁵
58 terms
Atomic Structure and Nuclear Chemistry -PreAp test
Daltons atomic theory
What is wrong with daltons atomic theo…
Nuclear reactions dont follow this ato…
Uncertainty principal
1. All elements are composed of tiny patricales called atoms…
1. The smallest particles are Electrons, Protons and neutrons…
- Atoms of one element can only be separated or rearranged.…
You cant know the speed and location of an atom at the same t…
Daltons atomic theory
1. All elements are composed of tiny patricales called atoms…
What is wrong with daltons atomic theo…
1. The smallest particles are Electrons, Protons and neutrons…
64 terms
Atomic Structure (AP Chem)
Wavelength (λ)
Frequency (v)
Amplitude
Node
length between 2 successive crests
number of cycles per second that pass a certain point in space
maximum height of a wave
points of zero amplitude, equilibrium position
Wavelength (λ)
length between 2 successive crests
Frequency (v)
number of cycles per second that pass a certain point in space
Bowie Pre-AP Chemistry Atom Structure
What are the particles which atoms are…
What is the mass value of each of the…
subatomic particle
mass number
protons-positive... neutrons-neutral... electrons-negative
protons-1... neutrons-1... electrons-0
the charges which combine together to form atoms
number of protons+neutrons
What are the particles which atoms are…
protons-positive... neutrons-neutral... electrons-negative
What is the mass value of each of the…
protons-1... neutrons-1... electrons-0
38 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 6: Structure of the Atom
electromagnetic radiation
electric wave and magnetic wave
amplitude
node
added energy absorbed by electrons and are then released as ...
what two orthogonal vectors does electromagnetic radiation co…
the intensify of light in waves
the point of zero amplitude
electromagnetic radiation
added energy absorbed by electrons and are then released as ...
electric wave and magnetic wave
what two orthogonal vectors does electromagnetic radiation co…
30 terms
Atomic Structure and Nuclear Chemistry - Wix; Pre-AP
Who DISCOVERED the electron?
How did he discover electrons?
Who determined the CHARGE of an electron
How did he discover the charge of an e…
JJ Thomson
Using the cathode ray tubes
Robert Millikan
Using the oil drop experiment
Who DISCOVERED the electron?
JJ Thomson
How did he discover electrons?
Using the cathode ray tubes
1 of 10