Study sets matching "chem ap chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "chem ap chapter 5"

AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Different forms of energy
Units in which energy is expressed
First law of thermodynamics
How is the change of internal energy r…
potential or kinetic. Potential energy comes in forms that ar…
1 cal = 4.184 J... 1 J = 1 km m2 / s2
The law of conservation of energy states that the total energ…
...
Different forms of energy
potential or kinetic. Potential energy comes in forms that ar…
Units in which energy is expressed
1 cal = 4.184 J... 1 J = 1 km m2 / s2
AP Chemistry Chapter 5: Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
The study of energy and its transformation.
...
The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion.
The energy that an object possesses as a result of its compos…
Thermodynamics
The study of energy and its transformation.
Thermochemistry
...
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
barometer
atmospheric pressure
manometer
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
device to measure atmospheric pressure
mass of air being pulled toward center of earth by gravity
measuring pressure, contains mercury
explains properties of an ideal gas ... 1. particles are so smal…
barometer
device to measure atmospheric pressure
atmospheric pressure
mass of air being pulled toward center of earth by gravity
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Energy
Work
the study of energy and its transformation
the relationship between chemical reactions and energy changes
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
the movement of an object against some force; the energy used…
Thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformation
Thermochemistry
the relationship between chemical reactions and energy changes
47 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
energy
work
heat
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
the energy used to cause an object with mass to move against…
the energy used to cause a temperature of an object to increa…
energy of motion
energy
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
work
the energy used to cause an object with mass to move against…
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
gas variables
pressure
temperature
manometer
pressure, volume, temperature, moles
force of gas molecules hitting/colliding with everything... unit…
measure of kinetic energy of a substance... temperature ↑, kinet…
measures pressure of gas... Pgas = Patm + mmHg (air pressure > g…
gas variables
pressure, volume, temperature, moles
pressure
force of gas molecules hitting/colliding with everything... unit…
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Pressure SI unit
Standard pressure (measured at sea lev…
barometer
manometer
newton/m2 =1 Pascal (Pa)
1 atm = 101.3 kpa = 760 mm Hg= 760 torr
Pressure SI unit
newton/m2 =1 Pascal (Pa)
Standard pressure (measured at sea lev…
1 atm = 101.3 kpa = 760 mm Hg= 760 torr
63 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5 (Thermochemistry)
thermodynamics
thermochemistry
energy
work
the study of energy and its transformations
the study of the relationships between chemical reactions and…
the ability to do work or transfer heat
the energy used to cause an object that has mass to move
thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformations
thermochemistry
the study of the relationships between chemical reactions and…
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
pressure
barometer
manometer
Boyles law
a measure of force exerted
an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
an instrument used to determine the pressure of a gaseous sam…
law that states volume of a gas is inversely proportional to…
pressure
a measure of force exerted
barometer
an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Pressure
Barometer
Pascal (Pa)
Standard Atmosphere (atm)
The force exerted per unit of surface area
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure
SI unit of pressure. Equals a force of one newton exerted on…
Average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0 degr…
Pressure
The force exerted per unit of surface area
Barometer
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
pressure
barometer
torr
atmosphere (atm)
the force exerted per unit area by gas molecules as they stri…
evacuated glass tube, tip of which is submerged in a pool of…
1 mmHg= 1 torr
unit of pressure; equal to the average pressure at sea level;…
pressure
the force exerted per unit area by gas molecules as they stri…
barometer
evacuated glass tube, tip of which is submerged in a pool of…
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Energy
Work
Study of energy and transformations.
Study of relationship between chemical reactions and energy c…
Capacity to do work or transfer heat.
The energy used to cause an object to move against a force.
Thermodynamics
Study of energy and transformations.
Thermochemistry
Study of relationship between chemical reactions and energy c…
AP Chemistry- Chapter 5
energy
work
heat
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
the energy transferred between substances with different temp…
the energy of motion Ek= 1/2mv2
energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
work
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
23 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Pressure (P)
Barometer
Pascal (pa)
Standard atmosphere (atm)
force exerted per unit of surface area:... Pressure = force... area
common device used to measure atmospheric pressure invented i…
Unit of Pressure, which equals a force of one newton exerted…
the average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0…
Pressure (P)
force exerted per unit of surface area:... Pressure = force... area
Barometer
common device used to measure atmospheric pressure invented i…
34 terms
AP Chemistry- Chapter 5
energy
work
heat
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
the energy transferred between substances with different temp…
the energy of motion Ek= 1/2mv2
energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
work
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
71 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
solution
solvent
solute
electrolytes
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
does the dissolving
substance being dissolved
charged particles; what soluble ionic compounds dissociate into
solution
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
solvent
does the dissolving
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
solution
solvent
solute
electrolytes
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
does the dissolving
substance being dissolved
charged particles; what soluble ionic compounds dissociate into
solution
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
solvent
does the dissolving
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
thermodynamics
thermochemistry
energy
work
the study of energy and its transformations
the relationships between chemical reactions and energy chang…
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
the energy used to cause an object to move against a force, t…
thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformations
thermochemistry
the relationships between chemical reactions and energy chang…
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
1 torr = how many mm Hg?
1 atm = how many mmHg and Torr?
1 atm = how many Pascals? How many Kil…
1000 Pa = how many KPa?
1 mm Hg
760
101,3... 101.325 KPa
1 KPa
1 torr = how many mm Hg?
1 mm Hg
1 atm = how many mmHg and Torr?
760
Chapter 5 - Gases - AP Chemistry
3 main characteristic of gases
What is pressure measured with?
1 atm = ?torr... 1 atm = ?pascals... 1 atm =…
Boyle's Law
-they have a high velocity... -they have infinite volume... -they h…
a barometer or manometer
-760 torr... -101,325 pascals... -2.4 L at STP... -29.92 inches Hg... -14…
P1V1=P2V2... As pressure increases, volume decreases.
3 main characteristic of gases
-they have a high velocity... -they have infinite volume... -they h…
What is pressure measured with?
a barometer or manometer
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 vocab
barometer
manometer
mmHG
torr
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
760 mm Hg = 1 atm
another name for millimeter of mercury (mm Hg)
barometer
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
manometer
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
What is energy?
What is the difference between work an…
What is kinetic energy and what is its…
What is potential energy?
the ability to do work or transfer heat
Heat is the energy required to make the temperature rise and…
energy possessed at the cause of motion... k = .5 mv^2
Energy possessed by virtue of its motion
What is energy?
the ability to do work or transfer heat
What is the difference between work an…
Heat is the energy required to make the temperature rise and…
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 Vocab
Pressure
Barometer
Pascal (Pa)
Standard Atmosphere (atm)
The force exerted per unit of surface area.
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
SI unit of pressure. Equals a force of one newton exerted on…
Average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0 degr…
Pressure
The force exerted per unit of surface area.
Barometer
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 Definitions
Pressure (P)
Barometer
Pascal (PA)
Standard atmospheric pressure (1 ATM)
Force/ Area
Device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
A force of one newton exerted on an area of one square meter.
The average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0⁰C
Pressure (P)
Force/ Area
Barometer
Device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
28 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
barometer
manometer
mm Hg
torr
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
a deice for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
millimeter of mercury
another name for millimeter of mercury
barometer
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
manometer
a deice for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
Chapter 5: Chemistry (AP BIO)
matter
element
atom
organic compound
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Matter in its simplest form
Smallest form of an element that still displays its particula…
Contains carbon and usually hydrogen
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
Matter in its simplest form
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
Mole Fraction
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
The total pressure exerted is the sum of the pressures that e…
moles of one component/total # of moles of all components
P and V are inversely related
V and T are directly related
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
The total pressure exerted is the sum of the pressures that e…
Mole Fraction
moles of one component/total # of moles of all components
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
pressure (P)
manometers
standard atmosphere (atm)
millimeter of mercury (mmHg)
force exerted per unit of surface area
devices used to measure the pressure of a gas in an experiment
average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and ) degr…
renamed torr (in honor of Torricelli), common unit of pressure
pressure (P)
force exerted per unit of surface area
manometers
devices used to measure the pressure of a gas in an experiment
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
density
mole fraction
avogadro's law
charles law
molar mass/molar volume --- the mass of 1 mole/ the volume of…
...
the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of…
the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the absolute…
density
molar mass/molar volume --- the mass of 1 mole/ the volume of…
mole fraction
...
50 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Exothermic
Endothermic
Thermochemistry
Calorimetry
When delta H value is negative
When delta H value is positive
Studies relationships between chemical reactions and energy c…
Measurement of heat flow associated with a chemical reaction
Exothermic
When delta H value is negative
Endothermic
When delta H value is positive
33 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
vapor pressure
boiling
gas
vapor
The force a liquid exerts on the atmosphere as a result of mo…
liquid boils when it's vapor pressure is equal to or greater…
A substance that is normally in the gaseous state at ordinary…
The gaseous form of any substance that is a liquid or a solid…
vapor pressure
The force a liquid exerts on the atmosphere as a result of mo…
boiling
liquid boils when it's vapor pressure is equal to or greater…
43 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Bomb Calorimeter
Calorie (cal)
Calorimeter
Calorimeter constant
Constant-Volume device used to measure the heat of a combusti…
Amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram o…
A device used to measure the absorption or release of heat by…
The heat capacity of a calorimeter
Bomb Calorimeter
Constant-Volume device used to measure the heat of a combusti…
Calorie (cal)
Amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram o…
37 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Work
"Heat" is a form of
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
A force acting over a distance (moving an object)
Energy
Energy due to position or composition (Bike at the top of a h…
Energy due to the motion of an object (Bike going down a hill)
Work
A force acting over a distance (moving an object)
"Heat" is a form of
Energy
83 terms
AP Chemistry-Chapter 5
Boltzmann's constant
electron charge
D
K
k=1.38*10⁻²³JK⁻¹
e=-1.602*10⁻¹⁹ coulomb
m/V
°C + 273
Boltzmann's constant
k=1.38*10⁻²³JK⁻¹
electron charge
e=-1.602*10⁻¹⁹ coulomb
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Formula for kinetic energy
joules are equal to
1 Calorie is equal to
W=
KE = 1/2mv2
J = kg*m2/s2
4.184 J
F X D
Formula for kinetic energy
KE = 1/2mv2
joules are equal to
J = kg*m2/s2
11 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 5
Energy (heat)
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Hess's Law
The ability to do work or transfer heat; work = energy used t…
Energy of motion
Stored energy; chemical energy - potential energy stored in t…
If a reaction occurs in steps, the change in enthalpy for the…
Energy (heat)
The ability to do work or transfer heat; work = energy used t…
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
44 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 5
Energy
W=
work
KE
The capacity to do work
Fd
amount of energy
energy of motion
Energy
The capacity to do work
W=
Fd
25 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
barometer
manometer
mm Hg
torr
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
a unit of pressure, also called a torr
another name for mm Hg
barometer
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
manometer
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
41 terms
Chapter 5 AP Chem
Pressure
the SI unit of pressure
To specify the state of a gaseous subs…
volume of the gas
the force exerted by a molecule per unit area. (Force / area)…
Pascal
volume, amount, temperature, and pressure.
the volume of the container
Pressure
the force exerted by a molecule per unit area. (Force / area)…
the SI unit of pressure
Pascal
65 terms
AP chemistry chapter 5
Device used to measure atmospheic pres…
Gas tube filled with mercury inverted…
Why does some mercury stay in the baro…
What results from the mass of air bein…
Barometer
Barometer
The gases are both pushing down
Atmospheric presssure
Device used to measure atmospheic pres…
Barometer
Gas tube filled with mercury inverted…
Barometer
12 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 5 Review
Pressure
Ideal Gas Law
Ideal Gas
STP
Force/Area
PV = nRT (The Gas Selfie)
High Temperature, Low Pressure (according to the notes).
0ºc, 1atm
Pressure
Force/Area
Ideal Gas Law
PV = nRT (The Gas Selfie)
9 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 formulas
Kinetic Energy
Potential energy
Electrostatic energy
cal to joule
E_k=1/2 mv^2 (K is subscript)
mgh or mass (m)×height(h)×gravitational constant(g)
E_el=(kQ_1 Q_2)/d... k= 8.99 X 10^9... Qs= objects... d= distance
1 cal= 4.184 J
Kinetic Energy
E_k=1/2 mv^2 (K is subscript)
Potential energy
mgh or mass (m)×height(h)×gravitational constant(g)
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Energy
kinetic
Potential
the science of heat and work
ability to do work
energy of motion... thermal, mechanical, electrical
stored energy;energy of position... gravitational, chemical, ele…
Thermodynamics
the science of heat and work
Energy
ability to do work
Gases, (Chapter 5, AP Chemistry)
Absolute temperature scale
Absolute zero
Atmospheric pressure
Avogadro's law
A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperatur…
The lowest possible temperature, 0.0 K or -273.16C
The pressure exerted by Earth's atmosphere.
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of gas is di…
Absolute temperature scale
A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperatur…
Absolute zero
The lowest possible temperature, 0.0 K or -273.16C
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Kinetic Molecular Theory: A Model for…
What happens to the particle speed whe…
The Nature of Pressure
Boyle's Law
The simplest model for the behavior of gases. In this theory,…
As you raise the temperature of the gas, the average speed (a…
Because the gas particles are constantly moving, they strike…
Decreasing the volume forces the molecules into a smaller spa…
Kinetic Molecular Theory: A Model for…
The simplest model for the behavior of gases. In this theory,…
What happens to the particle speed whe…
As you raise the temperature of the gas, the average speed (a…
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 : thermochemistry
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Kinetic energy
Potential Energy
Study of energy and its transformation
Relationship between chemical reactions and changes in energy
Energy of motion
energy posses by an object due to where t is positioned
Thermodynamics
Study of energy and its transformation
Thermochemistry
Relationship between chemical reactions and changes in energy
30 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5: Gases
Barometer
Manometer
mm Hg
Torr
A device for measuring atmospheric pressure
A device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
Millimeters of mercury... A unit of pressure... Also called a torr…
Another name for millimeter of mercury ... (mm Hg)
Barometer
A device for measuring atmospheric pressure
Manometer
A device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
99 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 - Thermochemistry
thermodynamics
thermochemistry
energy
work
the study of energy and its transformations
the relationships between heat, work, and fuels in chemical r…
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
the energy used to cause an object to move against a force
thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformations
thermochemistry
the relationships between heat, work, and fuels in chemical r…
AP Chemistry Chapter 5: Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
The study of energy and its transformation.
The relationship between chemical reactions and energy changes.
The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion.
The energy that an object possesses as a result of its compos…
Thermodynamics
The study of energy and its transformation.
Thermochemistry
The relationship between chemical reactions and energy changes.
35 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
What are the six MOLECULAR gases at no…
What are the six MONOATOMIC gases at n…
How is gas density expressed?
Standard pressure = ? atm
H2 , N2 , O2 , O3, F2 , Cl2
He, Ne, Ar , Kr, Xe, Rn
Gas density is expressed in g/L.
Standard pressure = 1 atm
What are the six MOLECULAR gases at no…
H2 , N2 , O2 , O3, F2 , Cl2
What are the six MONOATOMIC gases at n…
He, Ne, Ar , Kr, Xe, Rn
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