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Study sets matching "chem ap chapter 5"

AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Different forms of energy
Units in which energy is expressed
First law of thermodynamics
How is the change of internal energy r…
potential or kinetic. Potential energy comes in forms that ar…
1 cal = 4.184 J... 1 J = 1 km m2 / s2
The law of conservation of energy states that the total energ…
...
Different forms of energy
potential or kinetic. Potential energy comes in forms that ar…
Units in which energy is expressed
1 cal = 4.184 J... 1 J = 1 km m2 / s2
31 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5: Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
The study of energy and its transformation.
...
The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion.
The energy that an object possesses as a result of its compos…
Thermodynamics
The study of energy and its transformation.
Thermochemistry
...
83 terms
AP Chemistry-Chapter 5
Boltzmann's constant
electron charge
D
K
k=1.38*10⁻²³JK⁻¹
e=-1.602*10⁻¹⁹ coulomb
m/V
°C + 273
Boltzmann's constant
k=1.38*10⁻²³JK⁻¹
electron charge
e=-1.602*10⁻¹⁹ coulomb
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Energy
Work
the study of energy and its transformation
the relationship between chemical reactions and energy changes
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
the movement of an object against some force; the energy used…
Thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformation
Thermochemistry
the relationship between chemical reactions and energy changes
47 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
energy
work
heat
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
the energy used to cause an object with mass to move against…
the energy used to cause a temperature of an object to increa…
energy of motion
energy
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
work
the energy used to cause an object with mass to move against…
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
gas variables
pressure
temperature
manometer
pressure, volume, temperature, moles
force of gas molecules hitting/colliding with everything... unit…
measure of kinetic energy of a substance... temperature ↑, kinet…
measures pressure of gas... Pgas = Patm + mmHg (air pressure > g…
gas variables
pressure, volume, temperature, moles
pressure
force of gas molecules hitting/colliding with everything... unit…
43 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 - Gases Zumdahl
Gas
Barometer
Manometer
mm Hg
Form of matter wherein substance that uniformly fills any con…
A device to measure atmospheric pressure
A device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
The unit of pressure based on the height of the mercury colum…
Gas
Form of matter wherein substance that uniformly fills any con…
Barometer
A device to measure atmospheric pressure
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Pressure SI unit
Standard pressure (measured at sea lev…
barometer
manometer
newton/m2 =1 Pascal (Pa)
1 atm = 101.3 kpa = 760 mm Hg= 760 torr
Pressure SI unit
newton/m2 =1 Pascal (Pa)
Standard pressure (measured at sea lev…
1 atm = 101.3 kpa = 760 mm Hg= 760 torr
26 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5 Gases
the ideal gas law
Boyle
Charles
Avagadro
PV=nRT... P= pressure (atm)... V= volume (L)... n= number of mols... R= c…
V=k/P @ constant T & n... PV=K... P1V1=P2V2
V=bT @ constant P & n... V1/T1=V2/T2
V=an @constant T & P... V=R(Tn/P)
the ideal gas law
PV=nRT... P= pressure (atm)... V= volume (L)... n= number of mols... R= c…
Boyle
V=k/P @ constant T & n... PV=K... P1V1=P2V2
13 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
I can explain changes in pressure, tem…
I can explain how pressure is caused b…
I can relate pressure, temperature, an…
I understand how intermolecular forces…
...
...
...
...
I can explain changes in pressure, tem…
...
I can explain how pressure is caused b…
...
26 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
pressure
barometer
torr
atmosphere (atm)
the force exerted per unit area by gas molecules as they stri…
evacuated glass tube, tip of which is submerged in a pool of…
1 mmHg= 1 torr
unit of pressure; equal to the average pressure at sea level;…
pressure
the force exerted per unit area by gas molecules as they stri…
barometer
evacuated glass tube, tip of which is submerged in a pool of…
59 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Barometer
Pressure
The variable that gas is dependent on
Average Air Pressure of atmosphere (atm)
Device that inverts a glass tube of mercury into a dish of me…
The total amount of force exerted by gas molecules hitting th…
1) # of gas particles in a given volume... 2) Volume of containe…
1 atm
Barometer
Device that inverts a glass tube of mercury into a dish of me…
Pressure
The total amount of force exerted by gas molecules hitting th…
71 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
solution
solvent
solute
electrolytes
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
does the dissolving
substance being dissolved
charged particles; what soluble ionic compounds dissociate into
solution
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
solvent
does the dissolving
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Pressure
Barometer
Pascal (Pa)
Standard Atmosphere (atm)
The force exerted per unit of surface area
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure
SI unit of pressure. Equals a force of one newton exerted on…
Average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0 degr…
Pressure
The force exerted per unit of surface area
Barometer
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure
30 terms
AP Chemistry- Chapter 5
energy
work
heat
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
the energy transferred between substances with different temp…
the energy of motion Ek= 1/2mv2
energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
work
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Energy
Work
Study of energy and transformations.
Study of relationship between chemical reactions and energy c…
Capacity to do work or transfer heat.
The energy used to cause an object to move against a force.
Thermodynamics
Study of energy and transformations.
Thermochemistry
Study of relationship between chemical reactions and energy c…
23 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Pressure (P)
Barometer
Pascal (pa)
Standard atmosphere (atm)
force exerted per unit of surface area:... Pressure = force... area
common device used to measure atmospheric pressure invented i…
Unit of Pressure, which equals a force of one newton exerted…
the average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0…
Pressure (P)
force exerted per unit of surface area:... Pressure = force... area
Barometer
common device used to measure atmospheric pressure invented i…
34 terms
AP Chemistry- Chapter 5
energy
work
heat
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
the energy transferred between substances with different temp…
the energy of motion Ek= 1/2mv2
energy
the capacity to do work or to transfer heat
work
the energy transferred when a force moves an object, W=Fd
33 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Energy
Work
study of energy and its transformations
portion of thermodynamics that examines the relationships amo…
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
energy used to cause an object to move against a force... w = F…
Thermodynamics
study of energy and its transformations
Thermochemistry
portion of thermodynamics that examines the relationships amo…
71 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
solution
solvent
solute
electrolytes
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
does the dissolving
substance being dissolved
charged particles; what soluble ionic compounds dissociate into
solution
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
solvent
does the dissolving
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 vocab
barometer
manometer
mmHG
torr
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
760 mm Hg = 1 atm
another name for millimeter of mercury (mm Hg)
barometer
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
manometer
a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
thermodynamics
thermochemistry
energy
work
the study of energy and its transformations
the relationships between chemical reactions and energy chang…
the capacity to do work or transfer heat
the energy used to cause an object to move against a force, t…
thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformations
thermochemistry
the relationships between chemical reactions and energy chang…
23 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5 - Gases
barometer
manometer
standard atmosphere
Boyle's law
a device to measure atmospheric pressure
instrument used for measuring pressure... if gas pressure is le…
760 torr = 760 mm Hg = 1 atm = 101,325 pascals... pressure = for…
PV = k... - inverse relationship between pressure and volume... -…
barometer
a device to measure atmospheric pressure
manometer
instrument used for measuring pressure... if gas pressure is le…
63 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5 (Thermochemistry)
thermodynamics
thermochemistry
energy
work
the study of energy and its transformations
the study of the relationships between chemical reactions and…
the ability to do work or transfer heat
the energy used to cause an object that has mass to move
thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformations
thermochemistry
the study of the relationships between chemical reactions and…
23 terms
Chapter 5 - Gases - AP Chemistry
3 main characteristic of gases
What is pressure measured with?
1 atm = ?torr... 1 atm = ?pascals... 1 atm =…
Boyle's Law
-they have a high velocity... -they have infinite volume... -they h…
a barometer or manometer
-760 torr... -101,325 pascals... -2.4 L at STP... -29.92 inches Hg... -14…
P1V1=P2V2... As pressure increases, volume decreases.
3 main characteristic of gases
-they have a high velocity... -they have infinite volume... -they h…
What is pressure measured with?
a barometer or manometer
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
1 torr = how many mm Hg?
1 atm = how many mmHg and Torr?
1 atm = how many Pascals? How many Kil…
1000 Pa = how many KPa?
1 mm Hg
760
101,3... 101.325 KPa
1 KPa
1 torr = how many mm Hg?
1 mm Hg
1 atm = how many mmHg and Torr?
760
47 terms
Chapter 5: Chemistry (AP BIO)
matter
element
atom
organic compound
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Matter in its simplest form
Smallest form of an element that still displays its particula…
Contains carbon and usually hydrogen
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
Matter in its simplest form
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 Notes Vocabulary
Barometer
Pressure
Acceleration due to Gravity
Manometer
Instrument used to measure outside pressure
Force per unit area (Force/area) or Mass x Acceleration
9.8m/s^2
Instrument used to measure pressure inside a reaction vessel,…
Barometer
Instrument used to measure outside pressure
Pressure
Force per unit area (Force/area) or Mass x Acceleration
41 terms
Chapter 5 AP Chem
Pressure
the SI unit of pressure
To specify the state of a gaseous subs…
volume of the gas
the force exerted by a molecule per unit area. (Force / area)…
Pascal
volume, amount, temperature, and pressure.
the volume of the container
Pressure
the force exerted by a molecule per unit area. (Force / area)…
the SI unit of pressure
Pascal
12 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 5 Review
Pressure
Ideal Gas Law
Ideal Gas
STP
Force/Area
PV = nRT (The Gas Selfie)
High Temperature, Low Pressure (according to the notes).
0ºc, 1atm
Pressure
Force/Area
Ideal Gas Law
PV = nRT (The Gas Selfie)
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
What is energy?
What is the difference between work an…
What is kinetic energy and what is its…
What is potential energy?
the ability to do work or transfer heat
Heat is the energy required to make the temperature rise and…
energy possessed at the cause of motion... k = .5 mv^2
Energy possessed by virtue of its motion
What is energy?
the ability to do work or transfer heat
What is the difference between work an…
Heat is the energy required to make the temperature rise and…
30 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary AP Chemistry
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
the study of energy and its transformations. (deals with the…
the branch of chemistry concerned with the quantities of heat…
the energy due to the motion of the object
the energy that an object possesses by virtue of its position…
Thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformations. (deals with the…
Thermochemistry
the branch of chemistry concerned with the quantities of heat…
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 Vocab
Pressure
Barometer
Pascal (Pa)
Standard Atmosphere (atm)
The force exerted per unit of surface area.
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
SI unit of pressure. Equals a force of one newton exerted on…
Average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0 degr…
Pressure
The force exerted per unit of surface area.
Barometer
A common device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
43 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Bomb Calorimeter
Calorie (cal)
Calorimeter
Calorimeter constant
Constant-Volume device used to measure the heat of a combusti…
Amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram o…
A device used to measure the absorption or release of heat by…
The heat capacity of a calorimeter
Bomb Calorimeter
Constant-Volume device used to measure the heat of a combusti…
Calorie (cal)
Amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram o…
28 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
barometer
manometer
mm Hg
torr
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
a deice for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
millimeter of mercury
another name for millimeter of mercury
barometer
a device for measuring atmospheric pressure
manometer
a deice for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 Definitions
Pressure (P)
Barometer
Pascal (PA)
Standard atmospheric pressure (1 ATM)
Force/ Area
Device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
A force of one newton exerted on an area of one square meter.
The average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and 0⁰C
Pressure (P)
Force/ Area
Barometer
Device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
17 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
pressure
barometer
manometer
Boyles law
a measure of force exerted
an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
an instrument used to determine the pressure of a gaseous sam…
law that states volume of a gas is inversely proportional to…
pressure
a measure of force exerted
barometer
an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
11 terms
AP Chemistry - Chapter 5
Energy (heat)
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Hess's Law
The ability to do work or transfer heat; work = energy used t…
Energy of motion
Stored energy; chemical energy - potential energy stored in t…
If a reaction occurs in steps, the change in enthalpy for the…
Energy (heat)
The ability to do work or transfer heat; work = energy used t…
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
12 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Avogadro's Law
The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to the pressure…
If a given quantity of gas is held at a constant pressure, th…
Volumes of gases always combine with one another in the ratio…
The volume of a gas, at a given temp and pressure, is directl…
Boyle's Law
The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to the pressure…
Charles' Law
If a given quantity of gas is held at a constant pressure, th…
44 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 5
Energy
W=
work
KE
The capacity to do work
Fd
amount of energy
energy of motion
Energy
The capacity to do work
W=
Fd
44 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Work =
Measure of Force
Kinetic Energy =
Potential Energy =
Force x Distance... Mass x Acceleration x Distance
Newtons
KE = 1/2(Mass)(Volume^2)
PE = (kQ1Q2)/d... PE = (M)(g)(h)
Work =
Force x Distance... Mass x Acceleration x Distance
Measure of Force
Newtons
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Baraometer
Mole Fraction
Diffusion
Effusion
A device to measure atmospheric pressure.
The ratio of the number of miles of a given component in a mi…
The mixing of gases.
The passage of a gas through a tiny orifice into an evacuated…
Baraometer
A device to measure atmospheric pressure.
Mole Fraction
The ratio of the number of miles of a given component in a mi…
107 terms
AP/ACC Chemistry Goeddel Chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Energy
Work
The study of energy and its transformations
Portion of thermodynamics that studies the relationships betw…
The capacity to do work or transfer heat
The energy used to cause an object to move against a force... -W…
Thermodynamics
The study of energy and its transformations
Thermochemistry
Portion of thermodynamics that studies the relationships betw…
50 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
Exothermic
Endothermic
Thermochemistry
Calorimetry
When delta H value is negative
When delta H value is positive
Studies relationships between chemical reactions and energy c…
Measurement of heat flow associated with a chemical reaction
Exothermic
When delta H value is negative
Endothermic
When delta H value is positive
16 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
pressure (P)
manometers
standard atmosphere (atm)
millimeter of mercury (mmHg)
force exerted per unit of surface area
devices used to measure the pressure of a gas in an experiment
average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level and ) degr…
renamed torr (in honor of Torricelli), common unit of pressure
pressure (P)
force exerted per unit of surface area
manometers
devices used to measure the pressure of a gas in an experiment
10 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
density
mole fraction
avogadro's law
charles law
molar mass/molar volume --- the mass of 1 mole/ the volume of…
...
the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of…
the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the absolute…
density
molar mass/molar volume --- the mass of 1 mole/ the volume of…
mole fraction
...
83 terms
AP Chemistry-Chapter 5
Boltzmann's constant
electron charge
D
K
k=1.38*10⁻²³JK⁻¹
e=-1.602*10⁻¹⁹ coulomb
m/V
°C + 273
Boltzmann's constant
k=1.38*10⁻²³JK⁻¹
electron charge
e=-1.602*10⁻¹⁹ coulomb
10 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 5
gases
barometer
manometer
Boyles law
fits to any container, easily compressed, mixes completely
measures atmospheric pressure
neasures pressure of gas in container (tires)
V ∝ 1/P @ constant T,n... ideal gas law ... -at constant T/n, V of…
gases
fits to any container, easily compressed, mixes completely
barometer
measures atmospheric pressure
33 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 5
vapor pressure
boiling
gas
vapor
The force a liquid exerts on the atmosphere as a result of mo…
liquid boils when it's vapor pressure is equal to or greater…
A substance that is normally in the gaseous state at ordinary…
The gaseous form of any substance that is a liquid or a solid…
vapor pressure
The force a liquid exerts on the atmosphere as a result of mo…
boiling
liquid boils when it's vapor pressure is equal to or greater…
23 terms
AP CHEMISTRY: Chapter 5
Pressure
Barometer
Pascal
Standard atmosphere
The force exerted per unit of surface area
A device used to measure atmospheric pressure
The SI unit of pressure
The average atmospheric pressure measured at sea level
Pressure
The force exerted per unit of surface area
Barometer
A device used to measure atmospheric pressure
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